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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637773/follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial-on-postdischarge-nutrition-in-preterm-born-children-at-age-8-y
#1
Charlotte A Ruys, Monique van de Lagemaat, Martijn Jj Finken, Harrie N Lafeber
Background: Early nutritional interventions may modulate health risks in preterm-born infants. Previously, we showed that preterm-born infants fed an isocaloric protein- and mineral-enriched postdischarge formula (PDF) from term age to 6-mo corrected age (CA) gained more lean mass than did those fed term formula (TF). Long-term follow-up of randomized nutritional trials is important to test the hypothesis that short-term positive effects on health are sustainable.Objective: The aim of this follow-up study was to compare body size, body composition, and metabolic health at age 8 y in preterm-born children who were randomly assigned to receive either PDF or TF from term age until 6-mo CA...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#2
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626942/effect-of-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-and-glucose-ingestion-on-circulating-spexin-concentration-in-adolescents
#3
S Konnar Hodges, April M Teague, Paul S Dasari, Kevin R Short
Spexin is a novel peptide that has been reported to be down regulated in obese adults and children and in normoglycemic adults following glucose ingestion. Spexin may therefore have a role in metabolic regulation. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and the effect of glucose ingestion on circulating spexin concentration in adolescents. Boys and girls (mean age 16 years old) classified as healthy normal weight (NW, n = 22), obese (Ob, n = 10), or obese with T2DM (n = 12) completed measurements of body composition, blood pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness, and blood concentrations of glucose, insulin, and lipids...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626087/effect-of-obesity-and-underweight-status-on-perioperative-outcomes-of-congenital-heart-operations-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-database
#4
Michael L O'Byrne, Sunghee Kim, Christoph P Hornik, Babatunde A Yerokun, Roland A Matsouaka, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Marshall L Jacobs, Richard A Jonas
Background -Extreme BMI (either very high or very low) has been associated with increased risk of adverse perioperative outcome in adults undergoing cardiac surgery. The effect of body-mass index (BMI) on perioperative outcomes in congenital heart disease patients has not been evaluated. Methods -A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed studying patients 10-35 years undergoing a congenital heart disease operation in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database between 1/1/2010-12/31/2015...
June 16, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604599/nutritional-challenges-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#5
REVIEW
Simona Salera, Francesca Menni, Maurizio Moggio, Sophie Guez, Monica Sciacco, Susanna Esposito
Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) represent a heterogeneous group of acquired or inherited conditions. Nutritional complications are frequent in NMDs, but they are sometimes underestimated. With the prolongation of survival in patients with NMDs, there are several nutritional aspects that are important to consider, including the deleterious effects of overnutrition on glucose metabolism, mobility, and respiratory and cardiologic functions; the impact of hyponutrition on muscle and ventilatory function; constipation and other gastrointestinal complications; chewing/swallowing difficulties with an increased risk of aspiration that predisposes to infectious diseases and respiratory complications; as well as osteoporosis with an associated increased risk of fractures...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604071/longitudinal-associations-of-sleep-duration-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-with-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-health-at-the-age-of-6-years-the-generation-r-study
#6
Ivonne P M Derks, Desana Kocevska, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Oscar H Franco, Melissa Wake, Henning Tiemeier, Pauline W Jansen
BACKGROUND: A short sleep duration is associated with a higher obesity risk from midchildhood onward. However, whether sleep duration in early childhood is associated with body composition and cardiometabolic health remains unclear. This study aims to examine the prospective association of sleep duration in infancy and early childhood with body composition and cardiometabolic health at 6 years of age. METHODS: Data were available for 5161 children from a population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
June 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603361/validity-of-using-multi-frequency-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-to-measure-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-preschool-children
#7
Kanako Fujii, Akiko Ishizaki, Ayano Ogawa, Takuya Asami, Hyosong Kwon, Akinobu Tanaka, Noboru Sekiya, Shouji Hironaka
[Purposes] Although it is recommended to develop a habit of physical activities, there is no easy way to measure skeletal muscle mass in preschool children, which cause the difficulty of evaluation. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of body composition including the skeletal muscle mass assessment using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis by comparing body fat mass obtained by using multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis method and body mass index formulas. [Subjects and Methods] Ninety-four children were surveyed for age, height, weight, grip strength, maximum occlusal force, thickness of muscle and fat mass (masseter and lower limb), body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, and calf circumference...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596023/prebiotic-reduces-body-fat-and-alters-intestinal-microbiota-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#9
Alissa C Nicolucci, Megan P Hume, Inés Martínez, Shyamchand Mayengbam, Jens Walter, Raylene A Reimer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It might be possible to manipulate the intestinal microbiota with prebiotics or other agents to prevent or treat obesity. However, little is known about the ability of prebiotics to specifically modify gut microbiota in children with overweight/obesity or reduce body weight. We performed a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of prebiotics on body composition, markers of inflammation, bile acids in fecal samples, and composition of the intestinal microbiota in children with overweight or obesity...
June 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592599/modeled-dietary-impact-of-industry-wide-food-and-beverage-reformulations-in-the-united-states-and-france
#10
Mathilde Gressier, Lisa Privet, Kevin Clark Mathias, Antonis Vlassopoulos, Florent Vieux, Gabriel Masset
Background: Food reformulation has been identified as a strategy to improve nutritional intakes; however, little is known about the potential impact of industry-wide reformulations.Objective: The aim of the study was to model the dietary impact of food and beverage reformulation following the Nestlé Nutritional Profiling System (NNPS) standards for children, adolescents, and adults in the United States and France.Design: Dietary intakes of individuals aged ≥4 y were retrieved from nationally representative surveys: the US NHANES 2011-2012 (n = 7456) and the French Individual and National Survey on Food Consumption (n = 3330)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585459/standardisation-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-for-the-estimation-of-body-composition-in-healthy-paediatric-populations-a-systematic-review
#11
Steven Brantlov, Lars Jødal, Aksel Lange, Søren Rittig, Leigh C Ward
BACKGROUND: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) requires a high degree of standardisation in order to ensure valid and reproducible impedance measurements. The overall aim of this review was to study the degree to which BIA papers conducted in healthy paediatric populations (aged 0-17 years) were standardised. METHODS: Literature was identified on the basis of a systematic search of internationally-recognised electronic databases and hand searching of the reference lists of the included papers in order to identify additional relevant papers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585021/the-relationship-between-hyperthyrotropinemia-and-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-large-group-of-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#12
G Radetti, G Grugni, F Lupi, N Marazzi, S Longhi, A Fanolla, A Sartorio
PURPOSE: Mild TSH elevations are frequently observed in obese patients, in the absence of any detectable thyroid disease. Our objective is to evaluate the relationship between the raised TSH levels and the biochemical and clinical consequences of obesity. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of a large population of obese children and adolescents. We evaluated 833 subjects (340 m, 493 f), aged 14.4 ± 2.5 (range 5.2-18.5) years, height SDS 0...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583879/long-term-effects-of-maternal-calcium-supplementation-on-childhood-growth-differ-between-males-and-females-in-a-population-accustomed-to-a-low-calcium-intake
#13
Kate Anna Ward, Landing Jarjou, Ann Prentice
The importance of adequate calcium intakes for healthy growth and bone development has long been recognised. Recent evidence suggests that calcium supplementation may have sex-specific effects on bone growth in childhood. The aim was to describe the long-term effects of calcium supplementation in pregnant Gambian women with a low calcium intake (ISCRTN96502494) on offspring height, weight, bone and body composition in childhood, and whether the effects differ by sex. Children of mothers who participated in the original calcium supplementation trial were measured at age 8-12years using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography...
June 2, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577356/bmi-is-a-poor-predictor-of-adiposity-in-young-overweight-and-obese-children
#14
Cassandra Vanderwall, R Randall Clark, Jens Eickhoff, Aaron L Carrel
BACKGROUND: The body mass index (BMI) is a simple and widely utilized screening tool for obesity in children and adults. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if BMI could predict total fat mass (TFM) and percent body fat (%FAT) in a sample of overweight and obese children. METHODS: In this observational study, body composition was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in 663 male and female overweight and obese children at baseline within a multidisciplinary, pediatric fitness clinic at an academic medical center...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572075/estimating-inorganic-arsenic-exposure-from-u-s-rice-and-total-water-intakes
#15
Madhavi Mantha, Edward Yeary, John Trent, Patricia A Creed, Kevin Kubachka, Traci Hanley, Nohora Shockey, Douglas Heitkemper, Joseph Caruso, Jianping Xue, Glenn Rice, Larry Wymer, John T Creed
BACKGROUND: Among nonoccupationally exposed U.S. residents, drinking water and diet are considered primary exposure pathways for inorganic arsenic (iAs). In drinking water, iAs is the primary form of arsenic (As), while dietary As speciation techniques are used to differentiate iAs from less toxic arsenicals in food matrices. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to estimate the distribution of iAs exposure rates from drinking water intakes and rice consumption in the U.S. population and ethnic- and age-based subpopulations...
May 30, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571015/insulin-like-growth-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children
#16
Elena Inzaghi, Barbara Baldini Ferroli, Danilo Fintini, Armando Grossi, Valerio Nobili, Stefano Cianfarani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I is related to cardiometabolic risk in adults, whereas the metabolic role of IGF-II is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess IGFs in obese children and correlate them with metabolic syndrome (MetS) components. METHODS: This is a retrospective study including 574 obese children (11.34 ± 3.16 years). All subjects underwent complete anthropometry and biochemical assessment. In a subgroup of 136 subjects, body composition was evaluated...
June 1, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558723/body-composition-impacts-appetite-regulation-in-middle-childhood-a-prospective-study-of-norwegian-community-children
#17
Silje Steinsbekk, Clare H Llewellyn, Alison Fildes, Lars Wichstrøm
BACKGROUND: Research suggests a role for both fat mass and muscle mass in appetite regulation, but the longitudinal relationships between them have not yet been examined in children. The present study therefore aimed to explore the prospective relationships between fat mass, muscle mass and the appetitive traits food responsiveness and satiety responsiveness in middle childhood. METHODS: Food responsiveness and satiety responsiveness were measured using the parent-reported Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire in a representative sample of Norwegian 6 year olds, followed up at 8 and 10 years of age (n = 807)...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552392/diagnostic-accuracy-and-prognostic-valued-of-plasmatic-cystatin-c-in-children-undergoing-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#18
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Marco Scalese, Sabrina Molinaro, Simona Storti, Bruno Murzi, Vitali Pak, Vincenzo Poli, Giorgio Iervasi, Aldo Clerico
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) is often delayed in children after cardiac surgery due to the lack of an early biomarker of renal damage. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of plasma cystatin-C as an early biomarker of AKI and its prognostic value in pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: Cystatin-C and creatinine were measured pre-operatively and at 2-6-12h post-surgery. The primary outcome was: AKI (defined as an increase of ≥1...
May 26, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540345/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intake-of-dairy-products-in-adolescent-males-and-females-with-different-levels-of-habitual-intake
#19
Megan Racey, Jeanette Bransfield, Kathryn Capello, David Field, Verena Kulak, David Machmueller, Michèle Preyde, Genevieve Newton
Background: Dairy products and alternatives can contribute to overall good health including positive body composition and decreased adiposity; however, these foods are grossly underconsumed by youth, and worldwide, almost 25% of children are overweight or obese. Objective: The study investigated the barriers and facilitators toward dairy consumption by Grade 7 youth. Methods: Thirty 50-minute, audio-recorded focus groups were conducted with 134 students in eight Grade 7 classes across 5 elementary schools. Focus groups were led by trained facilitators in the elementary schools and participants were separated based on dairy consumption and gender...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538260/longitudinal-physical-activity-body-composition-and-physical-fitness-in-preschoolers
#20
Marja H Leppänen, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Hanna Henriksson, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Jonatan R Ruiz, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Marie Löf
PURPOSE: To investigate longitudinal associations of objectively-measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with body composition and physical fitness at a 12-month follow-up in healthy Swedish 4-year-old children. METHODS: The data from the population-based MINISTOP trial were collected between 2014-2016, and this study included the 138 children who were in the control group. PA and SB were assessed using the wrist-worn ActiGraph (wGT3x-BT) accelerometer during seven 24-hour periods, and subsequently, defined as SB, light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-intensity PA (MPA), vigorous-intensity PA (VPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA)...
May 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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