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Radiofrequency in Barrett

Athidi Guthikonda, Cary C Cotton, Ryan D Madanick, Melissa B Spacek, Susan E Moist, Kathleen Ferrell, Evan S Dellon, Nicholas J Shaheen
OBJECTIVES: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective treatment for Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, recurrence of BE after initially successful RFA is common, and outcomes following recurrence not well described. We report the outcomes associated with recurrence following initially successful RFA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 306 patients treated with RFA for dysplastic BE. Complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CE-IM) was defined as complete histological and endoscopic remission of IM...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
David C Whiteman, Bradley J Kendall
Barrett's oesophagus is a condition characterised by partial replacement of the normal squamous epithelium of the lower oesophagus by a metaplastic columnar epithelium containing goblet cells (intestinal metaplasia). Barrett's oesophagus is important clinically because those afflicted are predisposed to oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Prevalence surveys suggest that up to 2% of the population may be affected; most will be unaware of their diagnosis. Risk factors include age, male sex, gastro-oesophageal acid reflux, central obesity and smoking...
October 3, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Madhav Desai, Shreyas Saligram, Neil Gupta, Prashanth Vennalaganti, Ajay Bansal, Abhishek Choudhary, Sreekar Vennelaganti, Jianghua He, Mohammad Titi, Roberta Maselli, Bashar Qumseya, Mojtaba Olyaee, Irwing Waxman, Alessandro Repici, Cesare Hassan, Prateek Sharma
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Focal endoscopic mucosal resection followed by radiofrequency ablation (f-EMR+RFA) and step-wise or complete EMR(sEMR) are established strategies for eradication of Barrett's esophagus (BE)-related high-grade dysplasia(HGD) and/or intra-mucosal cancer(EAC/IMC). Objective of this study was to derive pooled rates of efficacy and safety of individual method in a large cohort of BE patients and to perform indirect comparison between 2 methods. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and major conference proceedings were searched...
September 23, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Jayaprakash Sreenarasimhaiah
In the last decade, the treatment of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus has evolved into primarily endoscopic therapy. Many techniques have become well-established to destroy or remove the mucosal lining of Barrett's esophagus. One of the newest therapies, cryospray ablation, has become a modality to treat both dysplastic Barrett's esophagus as well as esophageal carcinoma. In endoscopic applications, the cryogen used is either liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide which causes tissue destruction through rapid freeze-thaw cycles...
August 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Michael-Holger Wilke, Markus Rathmayer
BACKGROUND: New procedures in endoscopy take time to be incorporated in the German diagnosis-related groups (DRG) system. Depending on the extent of innovation and the costs, several pathways are possible. METHODS: This article provides an overview of possible pathways to implement new procedures in the German DRG payment system. Additionally, we compare the results of 2 surveys on the system of New Diagnostic and Treatment Methods (Neue Untersuchungs- und Behandlungsmethoden; NUB)...
February 2016: Visc Med
Oliver Pech
Endoscopic therapy of early Barrett's neoplasia is nowadays the treatment of choice and recommended over surgery in most current guidelines. Recent data suggest radiofrequency ablation of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia when confirmed by an expert pathologist. Endoscopic therapy of high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and mucosal Barrett's adenocarcinoma consists of two steps: first endoscopic resection of all visible lesions, and second ablation of the remaining flat Barrett's mucosa to reduce the rate of recurrences and metachronous neoplasia...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Georgina R Cameron, Paul V Desmond, Chatura S Jayasekera, Francesco Amico, Richard Williams, Finlay A Macrae, Andrew C F Taylor
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is effective for eradicating dysplastic Barrett's esophagus. The durability of response is reported to be variable. We aimed to determine the effectiveness and durability of RFA with or without EMR for patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus referred to two academic hospitals were assessed with high definition white-light endoscopy, narrow-band imaging, and Seattle protocol biopsies...
August 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Jan Martínek, Jun-Ichi Akiyama, Zuzana Vacková, Manuele Furnari, Edoardo Savarino, Teus J Weijs, Elen Valitova, Sylvia van der Horst, Jelle P Ruurda, Lucas Goense, George Triadafilopoulos
Exciting new developments-pharmacologic, endoscopic, and surgical-have arisen for the treatment of many esophageal diseases. Refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease presents a therapeutic challenge, and several new options have been proposed to overcome an insufficient effectiveness of proton pump inhibitors. In patients with distal esophageal spasm, drugs and endoscopic treatments are the current mainstays of the therapeutic approach. Treatment with proton pump inhibitors (or antireflux surgery) should be considered in patients with Barrett's esophagus, since a recent meta-analysis demonstrated a 71% reduction in risk of neoplastic progression...
July 8, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Jason Mark Dunn, Guiping Sui, Angela Anggiansah, Terrence Wong
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The cervical inlet patch (CIP) is an area of heterotopic gastric mucosa at the proximal esophagus, which can secrete both acid and mucus. Attributable symptoms include chronic globus sensation and sore throat. Previous studies have demonstrated improvement in symptoms following ablation with argon plasma coagulation. Our aim was to assess a through-the-scope radiofrequency ablation (RFA) catheter, for ablation of symptomatic CIP. METHODS: Ten patients with endoscopically and histologically proven CIP, and symptoms of globus or sore throat, were included in the study...
June 30, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Kamar Belghazi, Jacques Bergman, Roos E Pouw
In the last few decades, endoscopic treatment of early neoplastic lesions in the esophagus has established itself as a valid and less invasive alternative to surgical resection. Endoscopic resection (ER) is the cornerstone of endoscopic therapy. Next to the curative potential of ER, by removing neoplastic lesions, ER may also serve as a diagnostic tool. The relatively large tissue specimens obtained with ER enable accurate histological staging of a lesion, allowing for optimal decision-making for further patient management...
2016: Digestive Diseases
M Wilke, M Rathmayer, M Schenker, W Schepp
INTRODUCTION: Neoplastic changes (mild or high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (L- or HGIEN) or early cancer) in Barrett esophagus are treated with various methods. This study compares clinical-economical aspects of sole stepwise radical endoscopic resection (SRER) against combination treatment with EMR (Endoscopic mucosal resection) and RFA (radiofrequency ablation). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on clinical data from a randomized controlled trial 1 we developed an economic model for costs of treatment according to the German Hospital Remuneration System (G-DRG)...
May 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
Jesica Brown, Benjamin Alsop, Neil Gupta, Daniel C Buckles, Mojtaba S Olyaee, Prashanth Vennalaganti, Vijay Naag Kanakadandi, Shreyas Saligram, Prateek Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE)-associated dysplasia has been well established. The effectiveness of focal and balloon RFA devices has not been compared. Therefore, the aim of our study was to assess the effectiveness of focal and balloon RFA devices in the treatment of BE by calculating absolute and percentage change in BE length with RFA therapy by comparing pre- and post-treatment BE length. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients who underwent at least one treatment with either focal and/or balloon RFA devices who were identified from two tertiary centers...
April 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Lodhia Nayna, Whitcomb Emma, Konda Vani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The diagnosis and management of low-grade dysplasia (LGD) in Barrett's esophagus continue to evolve and vary in practice. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is now an acceptable option for the treatment of LGD. Therefore, the purpose of this review article is to present current literature on the diagnosis and management of LGD, and to explore when to optimally pursue RFA for the treatment of LGD. RECENT FINDINGS: The challenge of the management of LGD begins with its diagnosis...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Bashar J Qumseya, Sachin Wani, Madhav Desai, Amira Qumseya, Paul Bain, Prateek Sharma, Herbert Wolfsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with or without endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is routinely used for treatment of Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia. Despite the relative safety of this method, there have been imprecise estimates of the rate of adverse events. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the rate of adverse events associated with RFA with and without EMR. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central through October 22, 2014...
August 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Lisa Cassani, James C Slaughter, Patrick Yachimski
OBJECTIVES: Multiple endoscopic sessions may be necessary for treatment and surveillance of Barrett's esophagus (BE)-associated neoplasia. Adherence to an endoscopic therapeutic regimen is important for longitudinal management of BE. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with adherence to therapy for BE-associated neoplasia. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with BE whom were referred to a tertiary center for endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or radiofrequency ablation (RFA) between 2009 and 2012...
February 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Juliana Kissiedu, Prashanthi N Thota, Tushar Gohel, Rocio Lopez, Ilyssa O Gordon
In patients who have undergone ablation therapy for treatment of Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia, histologic features of eosinophilic esophagitis, but not lymphocytic esophagitis, have been described. We evaluated for histologic evidence of eosinophilic esophagitis and lymphocytic esophagitis and correlated with endoscopic findings in this population. A single-institution Barrett's esophagus registry was searched for patients who had received radiofrequency ablation, cryotherapy, or both for treatment of Barrett's esophagus with dysplasia...
June 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Keyur Parikh, Leena Khaitan
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a premalignant condition that is associated with the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Risk factors that have been associated with the development of BE include male gender, Caucasian race, chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease, smoking, age >50 and obesity. The current management of BE is dependent on underlying pathological changes and treatment can range from surveillance endoscopy with daily proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy in the setting of intestinal metaplasia or low-grade dysplasia (LGD) to radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endoscopic mucosal resection or surgical resection in the setting of high-grade dysplasia...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Meir Mizrahi, Neil Sengupta, Douglas K Pleskow, Ram Chuttani, Mandeep S Sawhney, Tyler M Berzin
BACKGROUND: There is limited data regarding the prevalence and clinical impact of sedation-related adverse events (SRAEs) during radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). AIM: Our primary aim was to measure SRAE during RFA. Secondary aims were to identify risk factors for adverse events, and to determine whether SRAEs impacted the number of RFA treatments to achieve complete eradication of dysplasia (CE-D). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 120 consecutive patients undergoing initial RFA for dysplastic BE between 2008 and 2014...
June 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Kamar Belghazi, Ilaria Cipollone, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Roos E Pouw
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the most important risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. Through the sequence of no dysplasia to low-grade dysplasia (LGD) and high-grade dysplasia (HGD), eventually early cancer (EC) may develop. The risk of neoplastic progression is relatively low, 0.5-0.9 % per patient per year. However, once diagnosed, esophageal adenocarcinoma is often irresectable, and 5-year survival is only 15 %. Therefore, non-dysplastic BE patients are kept under endoscopic surveillance to detect early neoplasia in a curable stage...
March 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
J Ortiz-Fernández-Sordo, S Sami, R Mansilla-Vivar, J De Caestecker, A Cole, K Ragunath
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the incidence of metachronous visible lesions (VLs) in patients referred for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for early Barrett's neoplasia. DESIGN: This study was conducted as part of the service evaluation audit. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: All patients with dysplastic Barrett's oesophagus referred for RFA were included for analysis. White light high-resolution endoscopy (HRE), autofluorescence imaging and narrow band imaging were sequentially performed...
January 2016: Frontline Gastroenterology
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