keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perinatal infections

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944313/effect-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-perinatal-and-child-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Timor Faber, Arun Kumar, Johan P Mackenbach, Christopher Millett, Sanjay Basu, Aziz Sheikh, Jasper V Been
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking and smoke exposure during pregnancy and childhood cause considerable childhood morbidity and mortality. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether implementation of WHO's recommended tobacco control policies (MPOWER) was of benefit to perinatal and child health. METHODS: We searched 19 electronic databases, hand-searched references and citations, and consulted experts to identify studies assessing the association between implementation of MPOWER policies and child health...
September 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939908/microbiome-profile-of-the-amniotic-fluid-as-a-predictive-biomarker-of-perinatal-outcome
#2
Daichi Urushiyama, Wataru Suda, Eriko Ohnishi, Ryota Araki, Chihiro Kiyoshima, Masamitsu Kurakazu, Ayako Sanui, Fusanori Yotsumoto, Masaharu Murata, Kazuki Nabeshima, Shin'ichiro Yasunaga, Shigeru Saito, Makoto Nomiyama, Masahira Hattori, Shingo Miyamoto, Kenichiro Hata
Chorioamnionitis (CAM), an inflammation of the foetal membranes due to infection, is associated with preterm birth and poor perinatal prognosis. The present study aimed to determine whether CAM can be diagnosed prior to delivery based on the bacterial composition of the amniotic fluid (AF). AF samples from 79 patients were classified according to placental inflammation: Stage III (n = 32), CAM; Stage II (n = 27), chorionitis; Stage 0-I (n = 20), sub-chorionitis or no neutrophil infiltration; and normal AF in early pregnancy (n = 18)...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937705/interventions-for-treating-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, David Oa Eriksson, Kevin Bengtsson, Göran K Lingman
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) infection may lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labour, low birthweight, preterm rupture of membranes, increased perinatal mortality, postpartum endometritis, chlamydial conjunctivitis and C.trachomatis pneumonia.This review supersedes a previous review on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To establish the most efficacious and best-tolerated therapy for treatment of genital chlamydial infection in preventing maternal infection and adverse neonatal outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923118/hypothermia-for-encephalopathy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-helix-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Sudhin Thayyil, Vania Oliveira, Peter J Lally, Ravi Swamy, Paul Bassett, Mani Chandrasekaran, Jayashree Mondkar, Sundaram Mangalabharathi, Naveen Benkappa, Arasar Seeralar, Mohammod Shahidullah, Paolo Montaldo, Jethro Herberg, Swati Manerkar, Kumutha Kumaraswami, Chinnathambi Kamalaratnam, Vinayagam Prakash, Rema Chandramohan, Prathik Bandya, Mohammod Abdul Mannan, Ranmali Rodrigo, Mohandas Nair, Siddarth Ramji, Seetha Shankaran
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia reduces death and disability after moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy in high-income countries and is used as standard therapy in these settings. However, the safety and efficacy of cooling therapy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 99% of the disease burden occurs, remains unclear. We will examine whether whole body cooling reduces death or neurodisability at 18-22 months after neonatal encephalopathy, in LMICs. METHODS: We will randomly allocate 408 term or near-term babies (aged ≤ 6 h) with moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy admitted to public sector neonatal units in LMIC countries (India, Bangladesh or Sri Lanka), to either usual care alone or whole-body cooling with usual care...
September 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918659/ureaplasma-associated-prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#5
Christine Silwedel, Christian P Speer, Kirsten Glaser
Ureaplasma species (spp.) have been acknowledged as major causative pathogens in chorioamnionitis and prematurity, but may also contribute to key morbidities in preterm infants. Several epidemiological and experimental data indicate an association of neonatal Ureaplasma colonization and/or infection with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Furthermore, a potential causal relation with other inflammation-induced morbidities, such as intraventricular hemorrhage, white matter injury, necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity, has been debated...
September 23, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913144/effect-of-pigtail-catheter-application-on-obstetric-outcomes-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-pregnancies-following-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#6
Pınar Çağlar Aytaç, Hakan Kalaycı, Selçuk Yetkinel, Didem Alkaş, Seda Yüksel Şimşek, Bülent Haydardedeoğlu, Esra Bulgan Kılıçdağ
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies following moderate or severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 189 patients hospitalized for OHSS following ICSI treatment in a tertiary in vitro fertilization unit between 2006 and 2014. Pigtail catheters were applied in 63 patients; the other 126 patients did not need that treatment...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911764/global-respiratory-syncytial-virus-associated-mortality-in-young-children-rsv-gold-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
Nienke M Scheltema, Angela Gentile, Florencia Lucion, D James Nokes, Patrick K Munywoki, Shabir A Madhi, Michelle J Groome, Cheryl Cohen, Jocelyn Moyes, Kentigern Thorburn, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Hitoshi Oshitani, Socorro P Lupisan, Aubree Gordon, José F Sánchez, Katherine L O'Brien, Bradford D Gessner, Agustinus Sutanto, Asuncion Mejias, Octavio Ramilo, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Natasha Halasa, Fernanda de-Paris, Márcia Rosane Pires, Michael C Spaeder, Bosco A Paes, Eric A F Simões, Ting F Leung, Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira, Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato, Quique Bassat, Warwick Butt, Hsin Chi, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Asad Ali, Marilla G Lucero, Rodrigo A Fasce, Olga Lopez, Barbara A Rath, Fernando P Polack, Jesse Papenburg, Srđan Roglić, Hisato Ito, Edward A Goka, Diederick E Grobbee, Harish Nair, Louis J Bont
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is an important cause of pneumonia mortality in young children. However, clinical data for fatal RSV infection are scarce. We aimed to identify clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years with RSV-related mortality using individual patient data. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, we developed an online questionnaire to obtain individual patient data for clinical and socioeconomic characteristics of children aged younger than 5 years who died with community-acquired RSV infection between Jan 1, 1995, and Oct 31, 2015, through leading research groups for child pneumonia identified through a comprehensive literature search and existing research networks...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900756/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-depression-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-africa
#8
REVIEW
Sarah M Lofgren, Noeline Nakasujja, David R Boulware
Depression interventions for individuals with HIV/AIDS in Africa are being increasingly evaluated. MEDLINE was searched using key terms: depression, Africa, and HIV, to identify depression interventions for HIV-infected adults in Africa. Perinatal women were excluded. Results were extracted and relative change in depression scores for interventions and net effect calculated. The MEDLINE search yielded 18 articles. Six of seven studies evaluating feasibility were positive, and seven of seven studies evaluating acceptability were also positive...
September 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899162/high-levels-of-viral-suppression-among-east-african-hiv-infected-women-and-men-in-serodiscordant-partnerships-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-with-high-cd4-counts-and-during-pregnancy
#9
Andrew Mujugira, Jared Baeten, Lara Kidoguchi, Jessica Haberer, Connie Celum, Deborah Donnell, Kenneth Ngure, Elizabeth Bukusi, Nelly Mugo, Stephen Asiimwe, Josephine Odoyo, Edna Tindimwebwa, Nulu Bulya, Elly Katabira, Renee Heffron
BACKGROUND: People who are asymptomatic and feel healthy, including pregnant women, may be less motivated to initiate ART or achieve high adherence. We assessed whether ART initiation, and viral suppression 6, 12 and 24-months after ART initiation, were lower in HIV-infected members of serodiscordant couples who initiated during pregnancy or with higher CD4 counts. METHODS: We used data from the Partners Demonstration Project, an open-label study of the delivery of integrated PrEP and ART (at any CD4 count) for HIV prevention among high-risk HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda...
September 13, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895487/-%C3%A2-like-because-you-are-a-grownup-you-do-not-need-help-experiences-of-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-among-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-infection-their-caregivers-and-health-care-providers-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
María C Pinzón-Iregui, Gladys Ibanez, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Mina Halpern, Rosa M Mendoza
With the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide, youth with perinatal HIV infection are increasingly surviving childhood and transitioning to adult care. Although a normal life span is anticipated posttransition, successful transition to adult HIV care has proven difficult, with worse outcomes posttransition than in pediatric and adult care. This study is a qualitative analysis of data from 4 focus groups of pre- and posttransition patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers in the Dominican Republic at an institution that provides comprehensive treatment including ART for HIV-infected persons of all ages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890420/perinatal-inflammation-and-adult-psychopathology-from-preclinical-models-to-humans
#11
REVIEW
Amaicha Mara Depino
Perinatal environment plays a crucial role in brain development and determines its function through life. Epidemiological studies and clinical reports link perinatal exposure to infection and/or immune activation to various psychiatric disorders. In addition, accumulating evidence from animal models shows that perinatal inflammation can affect various behaviors relevant to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, anxiety and depression. Remarkably, the effects on behavior and brain function do not always depend on the type of inflammatory stimulus or the perinatal age targeted, so diverse inflammatory events can have similar consequences on the brain...
September 7, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889772/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-a-data-linkage-study
#12
Judith Helen Ford, Ming Li, Wendy Scheil, David Roder
OBJECTIVE: Using unbiased population data, to examine whether having a positive Pap smear, and thus a high probability of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, is a significant risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Two independent population-based databases, namely the South Australian Perinatal Statistics Collection and the South Australian Cervical Screening Database, were deidentified and linked by the SANT Datalinkage Service...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870397/eradicating-hepatitis-b-virus-the-critical-role-of-preventing-perinatal-transmission
#13
REVIEW
Cladd E Stevens, Pearl Toy, Saleem Kamili, Patricia E Taylor, Myron J Tong, Guo-Liang Xia, Girish N Vyas
Prevention of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission from infected mothers to their newborns is critical to HBV control and eventual eradication. Mother-to-child perinatal transmission causes the highest chronic carrier rate (>85%) with a high rate of subsequent chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. This risk is reduced by 90% with HBV vaccine given along with hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) starting at birth. New analyses of our data from US trials of HBIG and HBV vaccine in high-risk infants revealed better efficacy with yeast-recombinant vaccine than plasma-derived vaccine, especially in preventing late onset infections, with evidence that vaccine prevented transmission of maternal HBV infection with the glycine to arginine mutation in surface antigen codon 145 (sG145R)...
September 1, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867896/neonatal-lipopolysaccharide-infection-causes-demyelination-and-behavioral-deficits-in-adult-and-senile-rat-brain
#14
Kavita Singh, Nisha Patro, M Pradeepa, Ishan Patro
BACKGROUND: Neonatal bacterial infections have been reported to cause white matter loss, although studies concerning the influence of infection on the expression of myelin and aging are still in their emerging state. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of perinatal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure on the myelination at different age points using histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques and the relative motor coordination. METHODS: A rat bacterial infection model was established by exposing the neonatal rats with LPS (0...
July 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852878/compensating-for-cross-reactions-using-avidity-and-computation-in-a-suspension-multiplex-immunoassay-for-serotyping-of-zika-versus-other-flavivirus-infections
#15
Bengt Rönnberg, Åke Gustafsson, Olli Vapalahti, Petra Emmerich, Åke Lundkvist, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Jonas Blomberg
The recent spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas and Asia necessitates an increased preparedness for improved maternal and perinatal health and blood safety. However, serological cross-reactions, especially to Dengue virus (DENV), complicate ZIKV antibody serodiagnosis. A novel "pan-Flavi" suspension multiplex immunoassay (PFSMIA) using 25 antigens, whole virus (WV), non-structural protein 1 (NS1), and envelope (E) proteins, from 7 zoonotic flaviviruses for specific detection of ZIKV and DENV IgM and IgG was developed...
August 29, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852314/crohn-s-disease-environmental-factors-in-the-developing-world-a-case-control-study-in-a-statewide-catchment-area-in-brazil
#16
Valéria Cristina Loureiro Salgado, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Neio Boechat, Bianca C Schorr, Isabella S Leão, Tiago Nunes, Cyrla Zaltman
AIM: To identify environmental risk factors associated with the development of Crohn's disease (CD) in order to re-assess the hygiene hypothesis. METHODS: A hospital-based, case-control study was carried out with CD patients (n = 145) and controls (n = 163) representing a socioeconomically diverse statewide catchment area in Brazil. Controls were recruited from caregivers of patients seen in different outpatient clinics at the same hospital. A multi-item survey with 94 questions regarding family history of CD, perinatal and childhood circumstances, living conditions, tobacco use and familial socioeconomic status was carried out by interviewers...
August 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841701/pregnancy-outcomes-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-young-women-in-madrid-spain-2000-2015
#17
Luis M Prieto, Carolina Fernández McPhee, Patricia Rojas, Diana Mazariegos, Eloy Muñoz, Maria José Mellado, África Holguín, María Luisa Navarro, María Isabel González-Tomé, José Tomás Ramos
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of perinatally HIV-infected women (PHIV) are reaching adulthood and becoming pregnant. Most PHIV women have been exposed to a high number of antiretroviral regimens, and they may have difficulties to achieve viral suppression. Psychosocial problems are not uncommon and could be an important barrier for treatment adherence. The effects of chronic HIV infection and long-term exposure to antiretroviral treatment of PHIV women cause concerns on the developing fetus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834100/the-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-highly-endemic-areas-in-china
#18
H Zheng, F Q Cui, F Z Wang, L F Huang, X P Shao, J F Du, J Li, Y Zhou, H Z Zheng, J T Zhuo, X X Zeng, G M Zhang, N Miao, X J Sun, X F Liang, H M Luo
We describe the epidemiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among women of reproductive age residing in areas of China that are highly endemic for chronic HBV, and provide evidence useful for decision-makers to guide strategies for preventing mother-to-child transmission of HBV, and assess the impact of perinatal transmission PMTCT by projecting HBsAg prevalence trends without interventions. We conducted a cross-sectional HBV serological survey of women, 15-49 years of age, residing in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan provinces...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832781/health-transition-in-brazil-regional-variations-and-divergence-convergence-in-mortality
#19
Gabriel Mendes Borges
This study analyzes the main characteristics of the health transition in Brazil and its five major regions, using a framework that accounts for regional inequalities in mortality trends. The regional mortality divergence/convergence process is described and discussed by considering the specific contributions of age groups and causes of death in life expectancy variations. Results show that mortality change in Brazil has follow the epidemiologic transition theory to some extent during the period under analysis - for instance, the sharp decline in infant mortality in all regions (first from infectious and parasitic diseases and then from causes associated with the perinatal period) and the increase in the participation of chronic and degenerative diseases as the main cause of death...
August 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822226/perinatal-outcomes-after-previable-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-before-24-weeks-of-gestation
#20
Verena Kiver, Vinzenz Boos, Anke Thomas, Wolfgang Henrich, Alexander Weichert
OBJECTIVE: A current descriptive assessment of perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by previable preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPPROM) at <24 weeks of gestation, after expectant treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal and short-term neonatal data were collected for patients with pPPROM. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients with 93 fetuses were hospitalized with pPPROM at 15-24 weeks' gestation. Among these patients, 27.4% (n=20) chose pregnancy termination, 27...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
7628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"