keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PKR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239106/er-stress-in-skeletal-muscle-remodeling-and-myopathies
#1
REVIEW
Dil Afroze, Ashok Kumar
Skeletal muscle is a highly plastic tissue in the human body that undergoes extensive adaptation in response to environmental cues, such as physical activity, metabolic perturbation, and disease conditions. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays a pivotal role in protein folding and calcium homeostasis in many mammalian cell types including skeletal muscle. However, overload of misfolded or unfolded proteins in the ER lumen cause stress, which results in the activation of a signaling network called the unfolded protein response (UPR)...
December 14, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233183/restoring-synaptic-plasticity-and-memory-in-mouse-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease-by-pkr-inhibition
#2
Kyoung-Doo Hwang, Myeong Seong Bak, Sang Jeong Kim, Sangmyung Rhee, Yong-Seok Lee
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with deficits in cognition and synaptic plasticity. While accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) and hyper-phosphorylation of tau are parts of the etiology, AD can be caused by a large number of different genetic mutations and other unknown factors. Considering such a heterogeneous nature of AD, it would be desirable to develop treatment strategies that can improve memory irrespective of the individual causes. Reducing the phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) was shown to enhance long-term memory and synaptic plasticity in naïve mice...
December 13, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231267/contribution-of-the-two-dsrbm-motifs-to-the-double-stranded-rna-binding-and-protein-interactions-of-pact
#3
Evelyn Chukwurah, Victoria Willingham, Madhurima Singh, David Castillo-Azofeifa, Rekha C Patel
PACT is a stress-modulated activator of protein kinase PKR (protein kinase, RNA activated), which is involved in antiviral innate immune responses and stress-induced apoptosis. Stress-induced phosphorylation of PACT is essential for PACT's increased association with PKR leading to PKR activation, phosphorylation of translation initiation factor eIF2α, inhibition of protein synthesis, and apoptosis. PACT-induced PKR activation is negatively regulated by TRBP (Transactivation response element RNA-binding protein), which dissociates from PACT after PACT phosphorylation in response to stress signals...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199180/docosahexaenoic-acid-counteracts-palmitate-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-c2c12-myotubes-impact-on-muscle-atrophy
#4
Myra E Woodworth-Hobbs, Ben D Perry, Jill A Rahnert, Matthew B Hudson, Bin Zheng, S Russ Price
Lipid accumulation in skeletal muscle results in dysregulation of protein metabolism and muscle atrophy. We previously reported that treating C2C12 myotubes with palmitate (PA), a saturated fatty acid, increases the overall rate of proteolysis via activation of the ubiquitin-proteasome and autophagy systems; co-treatment with the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) prevents the PA-induced responses. Others have reported that PA induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which initiates the unfolded protein response (UPR), a collective group of responses that can lead to activation of caspase-mediated proteolysis and autophagy...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196323/local-inhibition-of-perk-enhances-memory-and-reverses-age-related-deterioration-of-cognitive-and-neuronal-properties
#5
Vijendra Sharma, Hadile Ounallah-Saad, Darpan Chakraborty, Mohammad Hleihil, Rapita Sood, Iliana Barrera, Efrat Edry, Sailendrakumar Kolatt Chandran, Shlomo Ben Tabou de Leon, Hanoch Kaphzan, Kobi Rosenblum
Protein kinase R (PKR)-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) is one of four known kinases that respond to cellular stress by deactivating the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2α) or other signal transduction cascades. Recently, both eIF2α and its kinases were found to play a role in normal and pathological brain function. Here, we show that reduction of either the amount or the activity of PERK, specifically in the CA1 region of the hippocampus in young adult male mice, enhances neuronal excitability and improves cognitive function...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170442/inhibition-of-the-inflammatory-response-to-stress-by-targeting-interaction-between-pkr-and-its-cellular-activator-pact
#6
Stephanie Dabo, Patrick Maillard, Milagros Collados Rodriguez, Marianne Doré Hansen, Sabrina Mazouz, Donna-Joe Bigot, Marion Tible, Geneviève Janvier, Olivier Helynck, Patricia Cassonnet, Yves Jacob, Jacques Bellalou, Anne Gatignol, Rekha C Patel, Jacques Hugon, Hélène Munier-Lehmann, Eliane F Meurs
PKR is a cellular kinase involved in the regulation of the integrative stress response (ISR) and pro-inflammatory pathways. Two N-terminal dsRNA Binding Domains (DRBD) are required for activation of PKR, by interaction with either dsRNA or PACT, another cellular DRBD-containing protein. A role for PKR and PACT in inflammatory processes linked to neurodegenerative diseases has been proposed and raised interest for pharmacological PKR inhibitors. However, the role of PKR in inflammation is subject to controversy...
November 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142472/prostaglandin-e1-protects-hepatocytes-against-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-apoptosis-via-protein-kinase-a-dependent-induction-of-glucose-regulated-protein-78-expression
#7
Fang-Wan Yang, Yu Fu, Ying Li, Yi-Huai He, Mao-Yuan Mu, Qi-Chuan Liu, Jun Long, Shi-De Lin
AIM: To investigate the protective effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced hepatocyte apoptosis, and to explore its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Thapsigargin (TG) was used to induce ER stress in the human hepatic cell line L02 and hepatocarcinoma-derived cell line HepG2. To evaluate the effects of PGE1 on TG-induced apoptosis, PGE1 was used an hour prior to TG treatment. Activation of unfolded protein response signaling pathways were detected by western blotting and quantitative real-time RT-PCR...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127210/hiv-1-nc-induced-stress-granule-assembly-and-translation-arrest-are-inhibited-by-the-dsrna-binding-protein-staufen1
#8
Shringar Rao, Alessandro Cinti, Abdelkrim Temzi, Raquel Amorim, Ji Chang You, Andrew J Mouland
The nucleocapsid (NC) is an N-terminal protein derived from the HIV-1 Gag precursor polyprotein, pr55Gag. NC possesses key functions at several pivotal stages of viral replication. For example, an interaction between NC and the host, double-stranded RNA-binding protein Staufen1 was shown to regulate several steps in the viral replication cycle, such as Gag multimerisation and genomic RNA encapsidation. In this work, we observed that the overexpression of NC leads to the induction of stress granule (SG) assembly...
November 10, 2017: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106790/phytoestrogen-alpha-zearalanol-attenuate-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-to-against-cultured-rat-hippocampal-neurons-apoptotic-death-induced-by-amyloid-beta25-35
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Our previous studies demonstrated both phytoestrogen α-zearalanol (α-ZAL) and estrogen is effective decrease Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like apoptotic neuron death, but α-ZAL showed significantly less side-effect on breast and endometrial tissue compared to estrogen, it suggested that α-ZAL can be used as a potential substitute for estrogen. However, the molecular mechanism by which α-ZAL prevents neuron damage remains unclear. Growing evidence suggests that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays an important role in the process of cell apoptosis in AD; in addition, our published data indicated that α-ZAL possessed the potential ability to stabilize ER function...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084250/kshv-inhibits-stress-granule-formation-by-viral-orf57-blocking-pkr-activation
#10
Nishi R Sharma, Vladimir Majerciak, Michael J Kruhlak, Zhi-Ming Zheng
TIA-1 positive stress granules (SG) represent the storage sites of stalled mRNAs and are often associated with the cellular antiviral response. In this report, we provide evidence that Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) overcomes the host antiviral response by inhibition of SG formation via a viral lytic protein ORF57. By immunofluorescence analysis, we found that B lymphocytes with KSHV lytic infection are refractory to SG induction. KSHV ORF57, an essential post-transcriptional regulator of viral gene expression and the production of new viral progeny, inhibits SG formation induced experimentally by arsenite and poly I:C, but not by heat stress...
October 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070839/phosphorylable-tyrosine-residue-162-in-the-double-stranded-rna-dependent-kinase-pkr-modulates-its-interaction-with-sumo
#11
Carlos F de la Cruz-Herrera, Maite Baz-Martínez, Ahmed El Motiam, Santiago Vidal, Manuel Collado, Anxo Vidal, Manuel S Rodríguez, Mariano Esteban, Carmen Rivas
Activated dsRNA-dependent serine/threonine kinase PKR phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α), resulting in a shut-off of general translation, induction of apoptosis, and inhibition of virus replication. PKR can be activated by binding to dsRNA or cellular proteins such as PACT/RAX, or by its conjugation to ISG15 or SUMO. Here, we demonstrate that PKR also interacts with SUMO in a non-covalent manner. We identify the phosphorylable tyrosine residue 162 in PKR (Y162) as a modulator of the PKR-SUMO non-covalent interaction as well as of the PKR SUMOylation...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070690/genotype-2-strains-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-dysregulate-alveolar-macrophage-cytokine-production-via-the-unfolded-protein-response
#12
Wei-Yu Chen, William M Schniztlein, Gabriela Calzada-Nova, Federico A Zuckermann
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infects alveolar macrophages (AMΦ) causing dysregulated interferon (IFN)-α and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production through a mechanism(s) yet to be resolved. Here, we show that AMΦ infected with PRRSV secreted a reduced quantity of IFN-α following the cell exposure to synthetic dsRNA. This reduction did not correlate with reduced IFNA1 gene transcription. Rather, it coincided with two events that occurred late during infection and were indicative of translational attenuation, specifically, the activation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), and the appearance of stress granules...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070073/the-dose-of-hbv-genome-contained-plasmid-has-a-great-impact-on-hbv-persistence-in-hydrodynamic-injection-mouse-model
#13
Lei Li, Sheng Li, Yun Zhou, Lu Yang, Di Zhou, Yan Yang, Mengji Lu, Dongliang Yang, Jingjiao Song
BACKGROUND: Hydrodynamic injection (HI) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) mouse model is an useful tool for HBV related research in vivo. However, only 40% of C57/BL6 mice injected with 10 μg HBV genome contained plasmid (pAAV-HBV1.2), serum HBsAg more than 6 months and none of the BALB/c mice injected with 10 μg pAAV-HBV1.2 plasmid DNA, serum HBsAg positive more than 4 weeks in the previous study. METHODS: In this study, C57/BL6 and BALB/c mice were hydrodynamic injected with different doses of pAAV-HBV1...
October 25, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069722/repression-of-sumoylation-pathway-by-grass-carp-reovirus-contributes-to-the-upregulation-of-pkr-in-an-ifn-independent-manner
#14
Fei Yu, Longlong Wang, Hao Wang, Jialu Sheng, Liqun Lu
SUMOylation, a post-translational modification, is involved in interaction between hosts and viruses, and participates in diverse cellular processes including inflammatory responses and innate immunity. Here, we investigated the interaction between reovirus infection and the cellular SUMOylation machinery using grass carp reovirus (GCRV) as a model. Full-length cDNAs of grass carp SUMO-1 and SUMO-2 were obtained and phylogenetic analysis indicated that they shared high homology with those of higher vertebrates...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065505/kinases-of-eif2a-switch-translation-of-mrna-subset-during-neuronal-plasticity
#15
REVIEW
Ekaterina Chesnokova, Natalia Bal, Peter Kolosov
Compared to other types of cells, neurons express the largest number of diverse mRNAs, including neuron-specific ones. This mRNA diversity is required for neuronal function, memory storage, maintenance and retrieval. Regulation of translation in neurons is very complicated and involves various proteins. Some proteins, implementing translational control in other cell types, are used by neurons for synaptic plasticity. In this review, we discuss the neuron-specific activity of four kinases: protein kinase R (PKR), PKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), general control nonderepressible 2 kinase (GCN2), and heme-reguated eIF2α kinase (HRI), the substrate for which is α-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2α)...
October 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058795/fatty-acid-synthase-knockout-impairs-early-embryonic-development-via-induction-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-pigs
#16
Jing Guo, Ying-Jie Niu, Kyung-Tae Shin, Jeong-Woo Kwon, Nam-Hyung Kim, Xiang-Shu Cui
Fatty acid synthase (FAS) is an important enzyme involved in the de novo synthesis of long-chain fatty acids. During development, the function of FAS in growth is greater than that in energy storage pathways; therefore, we hypothesized that knockout of FAS would affect early embryonic development owing to the induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In the present study, the function of FAS was studied using the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)/ CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053745/impact-of-the-structural-integrity-of-the-three-way-junction-of-adenovirus-vai-rna-on-pkr-inhibition
#17
Edis Dzananovic, Astha, Grzegorz Chojnowski, Soumya Deo, Evan P Booy, Pauline Padilla-Meier, Kevin McEleney, Janusz M Bujnicki, Trushar R Patel, Sean A McKenna
Highly structured RNA derived from viral genomes is a key cellular indicator of viral infection. In response, cells produce the interferon inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) that, when bound to viral dsRNA, phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 2α and attenuates viral protein translation. Adenovirus can evade this line of defence through transcription of a non-coding RNA, VAI, an inhibitor of PKR. VAI consists of three base-paired regions that meet at a three-way junction; an apical stem responsible for the interaction with PKR, a central stem required for inhibition, and a terminal stem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053414/perk-phosphorylated-eif2%C3%AE-pathway-suppresses-tumor-metastasis-through-downregulating-expression-of-programmed-death-ligand-1-and-cxcl5-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#18
Weiwei Zou, Yu Bai, Xilong Wang, Kai Cheng, Hongguang Sun, Guoqiang Zhang, Xiaohong Wang, Zhenlin Yang
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been reported to be associated with metastasis in many malignant tumors. PKR-like ER kinase-phosphorylated eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (PERK-p-eIF2α) pathway is one of the three main signal pathways in ER stress, however, its mechanism in regulating breast cancer (BC) relapse or metastasis was still not completely understood. Besides, drug resistance was an important factor influencing the effect of tumor treatment and whether PERK-p-eIF2α pathway was involved in the drug resistance to BC treatment also needs to be explored...
October 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045748/conserved-asymmetry-underpins-homodimerization-of-dicer-associated-double-stranded-rna-binding-proteins
#19
Alex Heyam, Claire E Coupland, Clément Dégut, Ruth A Haley, Nicola J Baxter, Leonhard Jakob, Pedro M Aguiar, Gunter Meister, Michael P Williamson, Dimitris Lagos, Michael J Plevin
Double-stranded RNA-binding domains (dsRBDs) are commonly found in modular proteins that interact with RNA. Two varieties of dsRBD exist: canonical Type A dsRBDs interact with dsRNA, while non-canonical Type B dsRBDs lack RNA-binding residues and instead interact with other proteins. In higher eukaryotes, the microRNA biogenesis enzyme Dicer forms a 1:1 association with a dsRNA-binding protein (dsRBP). Human Dicer associates with HIV TAR RNA-binding protein (TRBP) or protein activator of PKR (PACT), while Drosophila Dicer-1 associates with Loquacious (Loqs)...
October 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039478/phosphorylation-of-eif2%C3%AE-suppresses-cisplatin-induced-p53-activation-and-apoptosis-by-attenuating-oxidative-stress-via-atf4-mediated-ho-1-expression-in-human-renal-proximal-tubular-cells
#20
Sung-Min Ju, Yong-Seok Jo, Yoo-Min Jeon, Hyun-Ock Pae, Dae-Gill Kang, Ho-Sub Lee, Jun-Sang Bae, Byung-Hun Jeon
Cisplatin is one of the most widely used chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of human cancers. However, the nephrotoxicity of cisplatin limits its use as a therapeutic agent. It has been suggested that oxidative stress and p53 activation play important roles in cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. It has been demonstrated that the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) may protect HK-2 human renal proximal tubular cells against cisplatin-induced apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS)‑mediated p53 activation...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
keyword
keyword
76271
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"