Read by QxMD icon Read

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Linda Garton, Amalie Dyda, Rebecca Guy, Bronwyn Silver, Skye McGregor, Belinda Hengel, Alice Rumbold, Debbie Taylor-Thomson, Janet Knox, Lisa Maher, John Kaldor, James Ward
Background: Extremely high rates of diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) have been recorded in remote communities across northern and central Australia. Re-testing at 3 months, after treatment administered, of CT or NG is recommended to detect repeat infections and prevent morbidity and ongoing transmission. Methods: Baseline CT and NG laboratory data (2009-2010) from 65 remote health services participating in a cluster randomised trial was used to calculate the proportion of individuals re-tested after an initial CT or NG diagnosis at <2 months (not recommended), 2-4 months (recommended) and 5-12 months and the proportion with repeat positivity on re-test...
October 21, 2016: Sexual Health
Chenchit Chayachinda, Thanapa Rekhawasin
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and the predictors of the adverse reproductive outcomes in patients who had been hospitalised with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The retrospective cohort study was conducted by contacting all the patients admitted with PID or tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) during January 2004 and December 2011. Those who were sexually active and aged 14-40 years were included. The exclusion criteria were no intention to conceive or undergoing hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, bilateral complete or partial salpingectomy...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anar Gojayev, Diana P English, Matthew Macer, Masoud Azodi
Background. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) rarely results in diffuse ascites. Severe adhesive disease secondary to PID may lead to the formation of inclusion cysts and even pelvic peritoneal nodularity due to postinflammatory scarring and cause an elevation of serum CA-125 levels. The constellation of these findings may mimic an ovarian neoplasm. Case. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with multiple pelvic cysts and diffuse ascites due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The initial gynecologic exam did not reveal obvious evidence of PID; however, a positive Chlamydia trachomatis test, pathologic findings, and the exclusion of other etiologies facilitated the diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tao Peng, Liming Dong, Zhihua Zhu, Jing Cui, Qian Li, Xin Li, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang, Zhiyong Yang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Some deep pelvic abscesses are not accessible through anterior or lateral approaches because of the presence of organs and structures. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a percutaneous presacral space approach by reviewing our clinical experience and the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 12 patients, who have undergone computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous presacral space drainage, were retrospectively reviewed, including demographic, clinical, and morphological data in the medical records...
October 12, 2016: Academic Radiology
Walter P Maksymowych
The primary use of imaging focuses on diagnostic evaluation, and pelvic radiography is still the primary modality for evaluation of disease in the sacroiliac joints. Its unreliability and inability to directly assess inflammation has led to increasing use of MRI, which directly assesses inflammatory changes as well as the structural changes associated with inflammation. Both radiography and MRI have therefore been incorporated into new classification criteria designed to capture both early and established spondyloarthritis...
November 2016: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
Adil E Bharucha, Tae Hee Lee
Although pelvic pain is a symptom of several structural anorectal and pelvic disorders (eg, anal fissure, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease), this comprehensive review will focus on the 3 most common nonstructural, or functional, disorders associated with pelvic pain: functional anorectal pain (ie, levator ani syndrome, unspecified anorectal pain, and proctalgia fugax), interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome, and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. The first 2 conditions occur in both sexes, while the latter occurs only in men...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
William P Hedges, Marwan Bukhari
OBJECTIVE: Low body mass index (BMI) is a known risk factor for osteoporosis and is part of the FRAX™ 10-year fracture risk stratification tool for predicting fragility fractures. Little is known regarding the effects of changing body composition on bone mineral density (BMD). However, increasing fat mass (FM) improves BMD in young women with anorexia nervosa. This study aimed to assess whether changes in FM over time affected BMD in the general population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was collected from patients who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) assessment between 2004 and 2011...
March 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
E Zittan, Grace W Ma, N Wong-Chong, R Milgrom, R S McLeod, M Silverberg, Z Cohen
BACKGROUND: We aimed to summarize the outcomes of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients receiving an ileal pouch-anal anastamosis (IPAA) over an 11-year period at a high-volume Canadian inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for subjects with UC who underwent IPAA between 2002 and 2013. Patient charts were reviewed for demographic data, clinical characteristics, preoperative medical treatment, and surgical outcomes...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Maria L Breser, Ruben D Motrich, Leonardo R Sanchez, Virginia E Rivero
BACKGROUND: Experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the prostate characterized by peripheral prostate-specific autoimmune responses associated with prostate inflammation. EAP is induced in rodents upon immunization with prostate antigens (PAg) plus adjuvants and shares important clinical and immunological features with the human disease chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). METHODS: EAP was induced in young NOD, C57BL/6, and BALB/c male mice by immunization with PAg plus complete Freund́s adjuvant...
October 4, 2016: Prostate
M J Price, A E Ades, N J Welton, I Simms, P J Horner
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and more specifically salpingitis (visually confirmed inflammation) is the primary cause of tubal factor infertility and is an important risk factor for ectopic pregnancy. The risk of these outcomes increases following repeated episodes of PID. We developed a homogenous discrete-time Markov model for the distribution of PID history in the UK. We used a Bayesian framework to fully propagate parameter uncertainty into the model outputs. We estimated the model parameters from routine data, prospective studies, and other sources...
September 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Christina B Rasmussen, Allan Jensen, Vanna Albieri, Klaus K Andersen, Susanne K Kjaer
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) has been proposed as a risk factor for ovarian cancer. However, the existing literature on the association between PID and ovarian cancer risk is inconclusive and only few cohort studies have been conducted. METHODS: Using nationwide Danish registries, we conducted a population-based cohort study including all women from the birth cohorts 1940-1970 in Denmark during 1978-2012 (n=1,318,929) to investigate the association between PID and subsequent risk of epithelial ovarian cancer...
September 26, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Beata Łój, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciecwiez, Iwona Szydłowska, Jacek Brodowski, Marek Łokaj, Andrzej Starczewski
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic pain is typically associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). The most common cause of PID is Chlamydia trachomatis. The aim of this study was to verify the role of serological testing for Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with suspected PID. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The retrospective study included 185 patients with pelvic pain hospitalized at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in 2003 and 2004. Titers of anti-Chlamydia trachomatisIgG and IgA were measured by means ELISA immunoassays...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Y M Kabadi, B Harsha
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of hysterolaparoscopy in the evaluation and management of female infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the 94 case files of all the patients who underwent diagnostic hysterolaparoscopy for infertility between January 2014 to June 2015 in the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli. These infertile women were confirmed to have normal ovulatory cycles, hormonal assays and seminogram report...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Sylke Schneider-Burrus, Ellen Witte-Haendel, Demetrios Christou, Benedetta Rigoni, Robert Sabat, Gerd Diederichs
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease, causing fistulating sinuses in the intertriginous skin of axillary, genitofemoral and perianal sites. OBJECTIVE: As other chronic inflammatory diseases, e.g. psoriasis, are frequently associated with spondyloarthropathies (SpA), the goal of this study was to quantify the prevalence of back pain and SpA in HS patients. METHODS: A prospective questionnaire survey in 100 HS patients and a retrospective evaluation of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in 46 HS patients were conducted...
September 21, 2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
James Spain, Matthew Rheinboldt
Representing an ascending, sexually spread pyogenic infection of the female genital tract, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a commonly encountered cause for emergency visits and hospitalizations among young and adult female patients. Though gynecologic evaluation and sonography constitute the mainstay of diagnosis, multidetector CT imaging of the abdomen and pelvis is not uncommonly performed, often as the initial imaging modality, due to the frequently vague and indeterminate clinical presentation. As such, knowledge and attenuation to the often subtle early imaging features of PID afford the radiologist a critical chance to direct and expedite appropriate pathways of patient care, minimizing the risk for secondary complications, including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and enteric adhesions...
September 19, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Julian A Gingold, Tommaso Falcone
Surgical management of endometriosis has been shown to improve dysmenorrhea at all disease stages and is recommended in severe disease for treatment of infertility. Deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) produces thick inflammatory tissue that precludes visualization of anatomical landmarks and distorts normal anatomy. Excision of DIE poses several technical and surgical challenges that mandate a clear understanding of the anatomy of the pelvic sidewall. This review details relevant surgical anatomy and addresses the principles of safe retroperitoneal entry, ureterolysis and excision of endometriotic lesions...
April 2016: Journal of Endometriosis and Pelvic Pain Disorders
Tzyy-Ling Chuang, Bao-Bao Hsu, Chen-Lin Chi, Yuh-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: The clinical picture of IgG4-related sclerosing disease (IgG4-RSD) may mimic lymphoma, and should be in the differential diagnosis of patients with this clinical picture. CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old female had recurrent swelling of both eyelids for more than 15 years. Examination revealed elastic, firm, swollen lacrimal glands about 2-3 cm in diameter that was not painful. Head and orbits magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed mass lesions over the bilateral lacrimal glands, submandibular glands, and left foramen of ovale...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mahjabeen Khan, Sapna Vinit Amin, Sujatha Bagepalli Srinivas, Roopa Padavagodu Shivananda, Navin Patil
Hydrosalpinx in postmenopausal woman is rare. Most commonly it is due to primary ovarian malignancy with fallopian tube involvement or primary fallopian tube carcinoma. But hydrosalpinx with no malignancy in the fallopian tube, associated with synchronous malignancy of ovary and endometrium is rare. In a postmenopausal women, hydrosalpinx is commonly due to fallopian tube malignancy or rarely pelvic inflammatory disease. We present a rare and very interesting case of 65-year-old nulliparous postmenopausal women with bilateral hydrosalpinx and pyometra who was found to have papillary serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary and endometroid adenocarcinoma of endomertrium with normal fallopian tube...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Nicola Low, Shelagh Redmond, Anneli Uusküla, Jan van Bergen, Helen Ward, Berit Andersen, Hannelore Götz
BACKGROUND: Genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Screening of sexually active young adults to detect and treat asymptomatic infections might reduce chlamydia transmission and prevent reproductive tract morbidity, particularly pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause tubal infertility and ectopic pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of chlamydia screening versus standard care on chlamydia transmission and infection complications in pregnant and non-pregnant women and in men...
September 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Letizia Zannoni, Simona Del Forno, Roberto Paradisi, Renato Seracchioli
Dysmenorrhea, cyclic pelvic pain, and acyclic pelvic pain are common in adolescent girls, and at least 10% of these girls are at risk for subsequent development of endometriosis. In this article we highlight practical tips for the management of dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain and how to diagnose endometriosis as early as possible and detect patients at risk for developing the disease in the future. We suggest five practical rules for managing adolescents with dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain: (1) Never underestimate the pain; (2) Always consider endometriosis as a possible cause of severe cyclic pain; (3) Obtain a detailed and accurate history before performing clinical evaluation and pelvic sonography; (4) Treat the pain with hormonal therapies (combined oral contraceptives or progestogen-only pill) and analgesics (acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs); and (5) Plan frequent follow-up visits to re-evaluate the patient...
September 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"