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Advance care plan(ACP) hemodialysis

Nwamaka D Eneanya, Julia B Wenger, Katherine Waite, Stanley Crittenden, Derya B Hazar, Angelo Volandes, Jennifer S Temel, Ravi Thadhani, Michael K Paasche-Orlow
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on end-of-life (EOL) care among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have been largely limited to White hemodialysis patients. In this study, we sought to explore racial variability in EOL communication, care preferences and advance care planning (ACP) among patients with advanced CKD prior to decisions regarding the initiation of dialysis. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study between 2013 and 2015 of Black and White patients with stage IV or V CKD (per the Modified Diet in Renal Disease estimation of GFR <30 ml/min/1...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Jui-O Chen, Chiu-Chu Lin
The aging population and changing lifestyles have lead to the increased general risk of chronic kidney disease. Taiwan currently has the highest incidence and prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of any country or region in the world. Hemodialysis patients must endure comorbidities and face the uncertainties of death. The best way to achieve a good death is for patients to sign advance care planning (ACP). However, the key factors contributing to low ACP signature rates have been the lack of communication skills and related training among medical staffs...
June 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Amy O Calvin, Joan C Engebretson, S Alexander Sardual
The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore hemodialysis patients' family members' understanding of end-of-life decision-making processes. The project aimed to address (a) family members' constructions of advance care planning (ACP), including their roles and responsibilities, and (b) family members' perceptions of health care providers' roles and responsibilities in ACP. Eighteen family members of persons undergoing hemodialysis were recruited primarily from outpatient dialysis facilities and interviewed individually...
November 2014: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Sara N Davison
Comprehensive care of patients with ESRD requires expertise in advance care planning (ACP), including attention to ethical, psychosocial, and spiritual issues related to starting, continuing, withholding, and stopping dialysis. However, there are no standards of care regarding when to initiate or how to facilitate ACP. The purpose of this study was to determine the perspectives of patients with ESRD of the salient elements of ACP discussions. An ethnographic, qualitative, in-depth interview study was conducted of outpatients of a university-affiliated nephrology program...
September 2006: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Judy Tigert, Nancy Chaloner, Brenda Scarr, Kathy Webster
The proportion of patients starting renal replacement therapy who are elderly, dependent and have multiple co-morbidities is the fastest growing chronic kidney disease (CKD) population in Canada. Most professional nephrology organizations recommend that hemodialysis patients should be encouraged to write advance directives (AD). Advance directives or advance care planning (ACP) are terms that refer to instructions given by an individual that state his or her wishes for future medical treatment and personal care...
January 2005: CANNT Journal, Journal ACITN
Carolyn E Schwartz, Melanie P Merriman, George W Reed, Bernard J Hammes
Understanding the dynamics of patient treatment preferences can be important for end-of life are research, and has particular salience not only to guide a process of advance care planning (ACP) but also as an outcome measure. Ascertaining the reliability and responsiveness of preferences for life-sustaining treatments within and between patients is a necessary foundation for utilizing patient-agent congruence as an outcome for ACP interventions. This study validated a modified version of the Emanuel and Emanuel Medical Directive for use in both research and clinical applications...
April 2004: Journal of Palliative Medicine
P A Singer, D K Martin, J V Lavery, E C Thiel, M Kelner, D C Mendelssohn
BACKGROUND: Traditional academic assumptions about advance care planning (ACP) include the following: (1) the purpose of ACP is preparing for incapacity; (2) ACP is based on the ethical principle of autonomy and the exercise of control; (3) the focus of ACP is completing written advance directive forms; and (4) ACP occurs within the context of the physician-patient relationship. These assumptions about ACP have never been empirically validated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the traditional academic assumptions by exploring ACP from the perspective of patients actively participating in the planning process...
April 27, 1998: Archives of Internal Medicine
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