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adrenal metastases

Zeliha Esin Celik, Murat Celik, Erdem Sen, Hakan Cebeci, Ozlem Ata, Cagdas Yavas
Kaposi sarcoma (KS), a vascular tumor caused by infection with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8), is a systemic disease that can present with cutaneous lesions with or without visceral involvement. Very few cases of KS, most of which were associated with AIDS, have been reported in the adrenal gland. Anaplastic transformation of KS is a rare clinical presentation known as an aggressive disease with local recurrence and metastatic potential. We report here a 47-year-old HIV negative male presented with extra-adrenal symptoms and had an incidentally detected anaplastic adrenal KS exhibited aggressive clinical course...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
William W Chance, Quynh-Nhu Nguyen, Reza Mehran, James W Welsh, Daniel R Gomez, Peter Balter, Ritsuko Komaki, Zhongxing Liao, Joe Y Chang
PURPOSE: We report our single-institution experience with stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for adrenal metastasis and identify factors influencing outcomes, patterns of failure, and dosimetric thresholds for toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified patients with adrenal metastases treated with SABR from 2009 to 2015. Toxicity was evaluated with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. Local failures were categorized as in-field, marginal, or out-of-field...
September 13, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
Karolína Drbalová, Kateřina Herdová, Petr Krejčí, Monika Nývltová, Svatopluk Solař, Lenka Vedralová, Pavel Záruba, David Netuka, Petr Bavor
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) is a condition in which several endocrine organs of an individual are affected by adenoma, hyperplasia and less often carcinoma, either simultaneously or at different stages of life. Two existing syndromes, MEN1 and MEN2 (2A, 2B), in literature is also mentioned MEN4, are associated also with other non-endocrine disorders. MEN1 (Wermer syndrome) affects the pituitary, parathyroid, and pancreatic area. 95 % of patients show very early manifestation of hyperparathyroidism, often before 40 years of age...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Cristian M Suárez-Santana, Carolina Fernández-Maldonado, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Manuel Arbelo, Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet, Antonio Espinosa de Los Monteros, Nakita Câmara, Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm in humans, however this does not apply to other animal species. Living in an aquatic environment the respiratory system of cetaceans had to undergo unique adaptations in order to them to survive and cope with totally different respiratory pathogens and potentially carcinogens from those affecting humans. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses not only macroscopical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of a pulmonary carcinoma with disseminated metastases in a long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas), as well as the immunohistochemical analysis performed on various tissues of cetaceans belonging to the genus Globicephala...
October 11, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Paul H Sugarbaker
PURPOSE: Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a rare cancer that often presents in an advanced stage. Not only systemic metastases but also local recurrence and peritoneal metastases prevent long-term survival in these patients. METHODS: A profoundly symptomatic patient with extensive peritoneal metastases and local recurrence was treated using cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with melphalan as the chemotherapy agent. RESULTS: Relative sparing of the small bowel within the abdomen and pelvis allowed a visible complete resection of all cancer...
September 27, 2016: Tumori
Wolfgang Saeger, Werner Mohren, Matthias Behrend, Peter Iglauer, Waldemar Wilczak
A tumor in the adrenal region with two metastases in the liver was classified as poorly differentiated sarcoma on the base of extensive immunostainings (expression of vimentin, desmin, myogenin, and CD31, no expression of inhibin, melan A). Four years later in a second examination with molecular methods for a study of adrenal sarcomas, this diagnosis must be revised due to the lack of MDM-2 gene amplification and FKHR translocation which exclude sarcoma. Further immunostainings of many other parts of the tumor showed in one area more mature tumor tissue expressing synaptophysin, SF-1, and melan A...
September 29, 2016: Endocrine Pathology
W G A Wang, K Sura, J Robertson, D J Krauss, P Y Chen, I S Grills
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Heron Werner, Pedro Daltro, Taisa Davaus, Edward Araujo Júnior
We report a case of a fetus with an ultrasonography diagnosis of a neuroblastoma during a routine third trimester fetal scan, which presented as a hyperechogenic nodule located above the right kidney. No other abnormalities were found in the ultrasonography scan; however, the follow-up ultrasonography during the 36th week of gestation revealed that the lesion had doubled in size. At the same time, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a round mass in the topography of the right adrenal gland with a low signal on T1-weighted images and slightly high signal on T2-weighted images, causing a slight inferior displacement of the kidney...
September 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Tarun Kumar Jain, Sampanna Jung Rayamajhi, Rajender Kumar Basher, Dheeraj Gupta, Venkata Nagarjuna Maturu, Bhagwant Rai Mittal
Lung cancer is one of the leading cancers all over the world. Positron emission tomography (PET) using 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (18F FDG) is useful for staging of the disease and decide the appropriate management. 3'-deoxy-3'-18 F-fluorothymidine (18F FLT) is a tracer being extensively evaluated currently and is said to represent tumor proliferation. Common sites of metastases from lung cancer include adrenal glands, bone, and brain. Muscle metastasis and cardiac metastasis are uncommon findings. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung with metastases to multiple skeletal muscles and myocardium detected with both FDG and FLT PET/computed tomography (CT)...
September 2016: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Mamoru Uemura, Ho Min Kim, Masataka Ikeda, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Ichiro Takemasa, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
Metastasis to the adrenal glands is a relatively frequent observation at autopsy of patients that have succumbed to cancer. Long-term disease-free survival has been reported in patients following the resection of solitary adrenal metastasis resulting from colorectal cancer. In addition, following primary resection for colorectal cancer, solitary metastasis to the adrenal glands is rare, even in outpatients at routine follow-ups. Therefore, adrenal metastasis is usually detected in combination with multiple synchronous metastases at other sites in the terminal stages of cancer...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Paola Nolé, Britt Duijndam, Adam Stenman, C Christofer Juhlin, Mikael Kozyra, Catharina Larsson, Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg, Inger Johansson
Human cytochome P450 2W1 (CYP2W1) enzyme is expressed in fetal colon and in colon tumors. The level of expression is higher in colon metastases than in the parent tumors and the enzyme is a possible drug target for treatment of colorectal cancer, as demonstrated in mouse xenograft studies. A previous study published in this journal reported that CYP2W1 is highly expressed in normal and transformed adrenal tissue. However, adrenal expression of CYP2W1 protein was not seen in previous studies in our research group...
2016: PloS One
Ryo Okada, Tatsuo Shimura, Shigeyuki Tsukida, Jin Ando, Yasuhide Kofunato, Tomoyuki Momma, Rei Yashima, Yoshihisa Koyama, Shinichi Suzuki, Seiichi Takenoshita
BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder that is classically characterized by the presence of neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid glands, the anterior pituitary gland, and the pancreas. However, MEN1 with concomitant pheochromocytoma is extremely rare. CASE REPORT: We report a case of MEN1 concomitant with pheochromocytoma. A 44-year-old Japanese man, who had undergone total parathyroidectomy due to primary hyperparathyroidism at the age of 18, was referred to our hospital with a complaint of a large abdominal tumor...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Elaine Vo, Carlos H Palacio, Ronald Omino, Richard E Link, Yvonne Sada, Artinyan Avo
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common renal malignancy in adults. Metastatic disease is relatively common at presentation and frequently involves the lung, bone, brain, liver and adrenal glands. After curative resection, there is a 30-40% risk of recurrence, and a 10% risk of developing metastatic disease after 5 years. The gastrointestinal tract, particularly the colon, represents a very uncommon site of late metastatic disease. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 67 year-old-male who underwent a left radical nephrectomy for RCC 9 years before presenting with a metastatic large bowel obstruction...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Farida Chentli, Nadia Terki, Said Azzoug
AIM: Ovarian corticosteroid-producing tumors are exquisitely rare. Our aim was to describe the first case observed in our practice. CASE HISTORY: A 34-year-old female was referred for Cushing's syndrome (CS) occurring in the postpartum period. Clinical examination showed severe CS with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a large mass in the right lower abdomen. Biochemistry demonstrated corticotropin (ACTH)-independent CS (cortisol=1900ng/mL (n=50-250), ACTH<10pg/mL (n=20-46)) with estradiol and testosterone overproduction...
October 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
David J Habibian, Alexander E Dao, Shauna Kumar, Jeffrey Schiff, Kaitlin E Kosinski, Aaron E Katz
Although prostate cancer is common in the western world and is associated with favorable overall survival, neuroendocrine prostate cancer is difficult to detect and is known to aggressively metastasize throughout the body. This subset of disease thus has a poor prognosis, and early detection and treatment of neuroendocrine prostate cancer may increase overall survival. We present a case of a now deceased 63 year old male with extensive epicardial, respiratory, hepato-bilary, adrenal, genitourinary, and osseous tissue metastasis...
September 2016: Urology Case Reports
Tao Li, Liang Gao, Weilu Wu, Peng Chen, Siyuan Bu, Qiang Wei, Lu Yang
A 49-year-old female patient presented with a massive left renal tumor, recurrent left flank pain and gross hematuria. The tumor was accompanied by a renal vein tumor thrombus, pancreatic infiltration and a solitary adrenal metastasis. Radical nephrectomy, distal pancreatectomy, ipsilateral adrenalectomy and splenectomy were performed. Histopathological examination suggested high-grade urothelial carcinoma (UC); however, tumor recurrence and multiple metastases were detected only 3 months after the surgery, and the patient succumbed during follow-up 1 month later...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Daniel A Morgenstern, Wendy B London, Derek Stephens, Samuel L Volchenboum, Thorsten Simon, Akira Nakagawara, Hiroyuki Shimada, Gudrun Schleiermacher, Katherine K Matthay, Susan L Cohn, Andrew D J Pearson, Meredith S Irwin
Neuroblastoma is a childhood cancer with remarkably divergent tumour behaviour and the presence of metastatic disease is a powerful predictor of adverse outcome. However, the importance of the involvement of specific metastatic sites or overall metastatic burden in determining outcome has not been fully explored. We analysed data from the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group database for 2250 patients with stage 4 disease treated from 1990 to 2002. Metastatic burden was assessed using a 'metastatic site index' (MSI), a score based on the number of metastatic systems involved...
September 2016: European Journal of Cancer
M H T Ettaieb, J C Duker, R A Feelders, E P M Corssmit, C W Menke-van der Houven van Oordt, H J L M Timmers, M N Kerstens, J W Wilmink, P M Zelissen, B Havekes, H R Haak
Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy with an incidence of 1.0 per million per year in the Netherlands. Median survival varies according to the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumours (ENS@T) tumour stage. It is unknown whether time until development of metastases is of influence on prognosis. To asses this, data were retrospectively obtained from centres of the Dutch Adrenal Network. Patients who presented with ACC between January 1, 2004 and October 31, 2013 were included. Date of detection of metastases, number of metastases and affected organs were registered...
July 15, 2016: Hormones & Cancer
Senol Tonyali, Hakan Bahadir Haberal, Sertac Yazici, Mustafa Erman, Zafer Volkan Kaynaroglu, Cenk Yucel Bilen
PURPOSE: To determine if L/S ADX is a safe and effective procedure for the management of solitary adrenal metastasis of lung cancer, and if it improves survival in lung cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients that were diagnosed as lung cancer and underwent L/S ADX for suspected adrenal gland metastasis were retrospectively analyzed. Patient demographics, prior interventions and medical treatments for lung cancer, adrenal mass characteristics, surgical features, postoperative course, and histopathological findings were examined...
July 14, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Tetsuya Mizuno, Yasushi Yatabe, Hiroaki Kuroda, Noriaki Sakakura, Yukinori Sakao
OBJECTIVE: Surgical resection is employed in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer. Despite complete resection, recurrence is sometimes observed. Oncogenic mutations promote initiation and progression of lung cancer, and mutation status predicts treatment outcome of advanced non-small cell lung cancer; however, their impact on the recurrence patterns remains poorly understood. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 401 patients showing recurrence after complete resection of non-small cell lung cancer...
July 11, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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