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chronic recurrent tinea capitis

Vadim M Kemaykin, Nariman B Tabinbaev, Mahira S Khudaibergenova, Anastasia A Olifirovich, Layzzat M Abdrakhmanova, David W Denning, Nikolai Klimko
Our work aimed to generate a preliminary estimation of severe and chronic fungal diseases in the Republic of Kazakhstan with a model proposed by LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education). Calculations were carried out on data from 2015. Published results of studies of mycoses in Kazakhstan were identified; in the absence of national data from the scientific literature, the frequency of life-threatening and serious mycoses in defined groups of patients at risk from other countries were taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Jamal Wadi, David W Denning
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of fungal infections in Jordan for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population data was from UN 2011 statistics and TB cases from WHO in 2012. Fewer than 100 patients with HIV were recorded in Jordan in 2013. Approximately 100 renal transplants and eight liver transplants are performed annually. There were 12,233 major surgical procedures in Jordan in 2013, of which 5.3% were major abdominal surgeries; candidemia was estimated in 5% of the population based on other countries, with 33% occurring in the ICU...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Lorenzo Drago, Giuseppe Micali, Manuela Papini, Bianca M Piraccini, Stefano Veraldi
The guideline recommendations, albeit founded on thorough reviews of clinically relevant literature data, are often not immediately adaptable to everyday life. Considering the marked heterogeneity of superficial mycoses, each of them requires specific management in a real life context; in all cases diagnostic confirmation is required with microscopic and culture examination. In tinea capitis oral therapy is necessary (minimum six weeks) and should be continued until clinical and, above all, mycological healing...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
June 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
J-P Gangneux, M-E Bougnoux, C Hennequin, C Godet, J Chandenier, D W Denning, B Dupont
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: An estimation of burden of serious fungal diseases in France is essential data to inform public health priorities on the importance of resources and research needed on these infections. In France, precise data are available for invasive fungal diseases but estimates for several other diseases such as chronic and immunoallergic diseases are by contrast less known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the Web of Science Platform...
December 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
John Abuga Guto, Christine C Bii, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: Kenya is a developing country with a high rate of tuberculosis (TB) and a moderate HIV infection burden. No estimate of the burden of fungal diseases in Kenya is published. METHODOLOGY: We used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies from the literature to estimate national incidence or prevalence of serious fungal infections. Used sources were: 2010 WHO TB statistics, Kenya Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Epidemic Update 2012, Kenya Facts and figures 2012, Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-2009...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Deniz Erkan, İlkay Kolukırık, Alpaslan Acar, Hazal Kandemir, Macit İlkit
Favus or tinea capitis favosa, is a chronic inflammatory dermatophytosis of the scalp. The disease is particularly common in children aged 6 to 10 years, more often in boys, and it also occurs in adults. Human-to-human transmission is therefore possible. Anthropophilic Trichophyton schöenleinii is responsible for over 95% of favus cases. In addition, there are rare cases of anthropophilic T.violaceum, zoophilic (T.verrucosum, T.quinckeanum, and Microsporum canis) and geophilic M.gypseum species recorded as agents of favus...
October 2015: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
J Beardsley, D W Denning, N V Chau, N T B Yen, J A Crump, J N Day
Data regarding the prevalence of fungal infections in Vietnam are limited yet they are likely to occur more frequently as increasingly sophisticated healthcare creates more iatrogenic risk factors. In this study, we sought to estimate baseline incidence and prevalence of selected serious fungal infections for the year 2012. We made estimates with a previously described actuarial method, using reports on the incidence and prevalence of various established risk factors for fungal infections from Vietnam, or similar environments, supplemented by personal communications...
October 2015: Mycoses
R Parkes-Ratanshi, B Achan, R Kwizera, A Kambugu, D Meya, D W Denning
The HIV epidemic in Uganda has highlighted Cryptococcus and Candida infections as important opportunistic fungal infections. However, the burden of other fungal diseases is not well described. We aimed to estimate the burden of fungal infections in Uganda. All epidemiological papers of fungal diseases in Uganda were reviewed. Where there is no Ugandan data, global or East African data were used. Recurrent vaginal candidiasis is estimated to occur in 375 540 Uganda women per year; Candida in pregnant women affects up to 651,600 women per year...
October 2015: Mycoses
Aida S Badiane, Daouda Ndiaye, David W Denning
Senegal has a high rate of tuberculosis and a low HIV seropositivity rate and aspergilloma, life-threatening fungal infections, dermatophytosis and mycetoma have been reported in this study. All published epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates from Senegal were identified. Where no data existed, we used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies in each to estimate national incidence or prevalence. The results show that tinea capitis is common being found in 25% of children, ~1...
October 2015: Mycoses
N Klimko, Y Kozlova, S Khostelidi, O Shadrivova, Y Borzova, E Burygina, N Vasilieva, D W Denning
The incidence and prevalence of fungal infections in Russia is unknown. We estimated the burden of fungal infections in Russia according to the methodology of the LIFE program ( The total number of patients with serious and chronic mycoses in Russia in 2011 was three million. Most of these patients (2,607,494) had superficial fungal infections (recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, oral and oesophageal candidiasis with HIV infection and tinea capitis). Invasive and chronic fungal infections (invasive candidiasis, invasive and chronic aspergillosis, cryptococcal meningitis, mucormycosis and Pneumocystis pneumonia) affected 69,331 patients...
October 2015: Mycoses
H C Gugnani, D W Denning
OBJECTIVE: Jamaica is one of the largest countries in the Caribbean with a population of 2 706 500. Prevalence of human immunodificency virus (HIV) in Jamaica is high, while that of tuberculosis (TB) is recorded to be low. In this study, we have estimated the burden of serious fungal infections and some other mycoses in Jamaica. METHODS: All published papers reporting on rates of fungal infections in Jamaica and the Caribbean were identified through extensive search of the literature...
June 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Harish C Gugnani, David W Denning
The Dominican Republic (DR) is the second largest Caribbean nation and, with Haiti, the DR accounts for nearly three-quarters of the cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the Caribbean region and the highest rates of TB in the Americas. The present study estimated the burden of serious fungal infections and some other mycoses in the DR. The data were extracted from the World Health Organization Stop Tuberculosis (WHO STOP TB) program, the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and searches for relevant literature via MEDLINE, PubMed, MedFacts, and so on...
January 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Pietro Nenoff, Constanze Krüger, Uwe Paasch, Gabriele Ginter-Hanselmayer
Treatment of dermatophyte infections is based on the clinical picture and mycological detection of the causative pathogen. Based on the appropriate indication, onychomycosis can be treated topically using an antimycotic nail lacquer. Atraumatic nail abrasion with 40 % urea ointment has a beneficial effect on healing. Continuous treatment of onychomycosis with terbinafine represents the most effective systemic therapy. Terbinafine or itraconazole are the safest and most effective antimycotic agents for the treatment of onychomycosis in children...
May 2015: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
R O Oladele, D W Denning
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a high rate of tuberculosis and a moderate HIV infection burden. Cutaneous and mucosal fungal infections are reported from Nigeria but there are few reports of serious fungal infections. METHODS: A literature search was done to identify all epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates from Nigeria. We used specific populations at risk derived from the WHO and literature and the fungal infection frequencies were used to estimate national incidence or prevalence...
April 2014: West African Journal of Medicine
Carla Andréa Avelar Pires, Natasha Ferreira Santos da Cruz, Amanda Monteiro Lobato, Priscila Oliveira de Sousa, Francisca Regina Oliveira Carneiro, Alena Margareth Darwich Mendes
BACKGROUND: The cutaneous mycoses, mainly caused by dermatophyte fungi, are among the most common fungal infections worldwide. It is estimated that 10% to 15% of the population will be infected by a dermatophyte at some point in their lives, thus making this a group of diseases with great public health importance. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical, epidemiological, and therapeutic profile of dermatophytosis in patients enrolled at the Dermatology service of Universidade do Estado do Pará, Brazil, from July 2010 to September 2012...
March 2014: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Sunil Gupta, Parshotam Dass Gargi
Trichotillomania is characterized by the repeated urge to pull out hair, leading to noticeable hair loss, distress, and social or functional impairment. Most of the cases present initially to dermatologists with complaints of loss of hair and is often confused with other dermatological conditions like alopecia areata, tinea capitis, traction alopecia, and loose anagen syndrome. It is a chronic condition and difficult to treat. No formal treatment algorithm is present for trichotillomania and no drug has been found to be universally effective...
January 2012: International Journal of Trichology
Yasuhiro Kawachi, Michiko Ikegami, Takako Takase, Fujio Otsuka
We report clinical findings in a 12-year-old girl with long-term recurrent and disseminated multiple eruptions of tinea faciei and tinea corporis, which persisted for 10 years. Mycological examination revealed the dermatophyte Trichophyton tonsurans in both scale samples from the body lesions and in brushing samples from her asymptomatic scalp, suggesting that she was an asymptomatic dermatophyte carrier on the scalp, and autoinoculation of the dermatophyte was responsible for the recurrent and disseminated tinea faciei/corporis...
September 2010: Pediatric Dermatology
H-J Tietz
Mycological diagnosis is an integral part of dermatology. Modern aspect include not only the identification of causative agents but also sensitivity testing against topical and systemic antimycotic agents and more detailed molecular biological diagnosis using fingerprinting and PCR. In routine practice, the essential question is if a fungal infection is present or not. A positive culture identification should precede use of systemic antimycotic agents especially when dealing with advanced onychomycosis, tinea capitis and chronic candidosis...
August 2005: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
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