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Sex differences and proteomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148792/proteomic-markers-of-the-functional-sperm-population-in-bovines-1-comparison-of-low-and-high-density-spermatozoa-following-cryopreservation
#1
Olivier D'Amours, Gilles Frenette, Sylvie Bourassa, Ezequiel Calvo, Patrick Blondin, Robert Sullivan
Mammalian semen contains a heterogeneous population of sperm cells. This heterogeneity results from variability in the complex processes of cell differentiation in the testis, biochemical modifications undergone by spermatozoa during transit along the male reproductive tract, interactions with secretions from accessory sex glands at ejaculation, and, in the context of reproductive technologies, in the ability of ejaculated spermatozoa to resist damage associated with freeze-thaw procedures. When submitted to density gradient centrifugation, ejaculated spermatozoa distribute themselves into two distinct populations: a low-density population characterized by low motility parameters, and a high-density population with high motility characteristics...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130072/prediction-of-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-3-by-ckd273-a-urinary-proteomic-biomarker
#2
Claudia Pontillo, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Joost P Schanstra, Lotte Jacobs, Petra Zürbig, Lutgarde Thijs, Adela Ramírez-Torres, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Morten Lindhardt, Ronald Klein, Trevor Orchard, Massimo Porta, Rudolf W Bilous, Nishi Charturvedi, Peter Rossing, Antonia Vlahou, Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux, William Mullen, Christian Delles, Peter Verhamme, Raymond Vanholder, Jan A Staessen, Harald Mischak, Joachim Jankowski
Introduction: CKD273 is a urinary biomarker, which in advanced chronic kidney disease predicts further deterioration. We investigated whether CKD273 can also predict a decline of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to <60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Methods: In analyses of 2087 individuals from 6 cohorts (46.4% women; 73.5% with diabetes; mean age, 46.1 years; eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), 100%; urinary albumin excretion rate [UAE] ≥20 μg/min, 6.2%), we accounted for cohort, sex, age, mean arterial pressure, diabetes, and eGFR at baseline and expressed associations per 1-SD increment in urinary biomarkers...
November 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123538/sex-specific-response-to-stress-in-populus
#3
REVIEW
Nataliya V Melnikova, Elena V Borkhert, Anastasiya V Snezhkina, Anna V Kudryavtseva, Alexey A Dmitriev
Populus is an effective model for genetic studies in trees. The genus Populus includes dioecious species, and the differences exhibited in males and females have been intensively studied. This review focused on the distinctions between male and female poplar and aspen plants under stress conditions, such as drought, salinity, heavy metals, and nutrient deficiency on morphological, physiological, proteome, and gene expression levels. In most studies, males of Populus species were more adaptive to the majority of the stress conditions and showed less damage, better growth, and higher photosynthetic capacity and antioxidant activity than that of the females...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055862/juvenile-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-promotes-ovarian-differentiation-but-suppresses-its-growth-potential-involvement-of-pituitary-follicle-stimulating-hormone
#4
Weiting Chen, Shuk-Wa Lau, Yuqin Fan, Rudolf S S Wu, Wei Ge
Bisphenol A (BPA), a plastic monomer and plasticizer, is commonly used in plastics industry, and it has been well documented to be an estrogenic endocrine disrupter. In the present study, we investigated the effect of early (juvenile) exposure to BPA on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis in the zebrafish. Estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were also included as positive and negative controls respectively. Juvenile zebrafish were exposed to BPA (1 and 10μM), E2 (10nM) and T (10nM) from 20 to 40 dpf (days post-fertilization), the period of sex/gonadal differentiation, followed by histological and expression analyses at 40 dpf...
October 14, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037750/environmental-toxicology-and-omics-a-question-of-sex
#5
Xuefang Liang, April Feswick, Denina Simmons, Christopher J Martyniuk
Molecular initiating events and downstream transcriptional/proteomic responses provide valuable information for adverse outcome pathways, which can be used predict the effects of chemicals on physiological systems. There has been a paucity of research that addresses sex-specific expression profiling in toxicology and due to cost, time, and logistical considerations, sex as a variable has not been widely considered. In response to this deficiency, federal agencies in the United States, Canada, and Europe have highlighted the importance of including sex as a variable in scientific investigations...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993202/temporal-expression-profiling-of-plasma-proteins-reveals-oxidative-stress-in-early-stages-of-type-1-diabetes-progression
#6
Chih-Wei Liu, Lisa Bramer, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, Kathleen Waugh, Marian J Rewers, Qibin Zhang
Blood markers other than islet autoantibodies are greatly needed to indicate the pancreatic beta cell destruction process as early as possible, and more accurately reflect the progression of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1D). To this end, a longitudinal proteomic profiling of human plasma using TMT-10plex-based LC-MS/MS analysis was performed to track temporal proteomic changes of T1D patients (n=11) across 9 serial time points, spanning the period of T1D natural progression, in comparison with those of the matching healthy controls (n=10)...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988882/gender-proteomics-i-which-proteins-in-non-sexual-organs
#7
Elisabetta Gianazza, Ingrid Miller, Uliano Guerrini, Luca Palazzolo, Chiara Parravicini, Ivano Eberini
Differences related to gender have long been neglected but recent investigations show that they are widespread and may be recognized with all types of omics approaches, both in tissues and in biological fluids. Our review compiles evidence collected with proteomics techniques in our species, mainly focusing on baseline parameters in non-sexual organs in healthy men and women. Data from human specimens had to be replaced with information from other mammals every time invasive procedures of sample procurement were involved...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988880/gender-proteomics-ii-which-proteins-in-sexual-organs
#8
Elisabetta Gianazza, Ingrid Miller, Uliano Guerrini, Luca Palazzolo, Chiara Parravicini, Ivano Eberini
In continuity with the review dealing with differences by gender in non-sexual organs [1], this review collects data on the proteomes of the sexual organs as involved in human reproduction, under both physiological and pathological conditions. It also collects data on the tissue structures and biological fluids typical of pregnancy, such as placenta and amniotic fluid, as well as what may be tested on preimplantation embryos during medically assisted reproduction. The review includes as well mention to all fluids and secretions connected with sex organs and/or reproduction, including sperm and milk, to exemplify two distinctive items in male and female physiology...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974783/environmental-perturbation-of-the-circadian-clock-during-pregnancy-leads-to-transgenerational-mood-disorder-like-behaviors-in-mice
#9
Peng Zhang, Guang Li, Hui Li, XiaoQiu Tan, Hai-Ying Mary Cheng
It remains unknown whether chronic circadian disturbance (CCD) during pregnancy can lead to mood disorders in the offspring. Here we show that pregnant mice in the F0 generation that were exposed to CCD stress displayed depression-like behaviors, and produced offspring in the F1 and F2 generations that also exhibited mood-associated behavioral phenotypes despite the lack of direct stressful experiences during their postnatal or adult period. Prenatal CCD stress was correlated with the elevation of plasma corticosterone levels in F1 mice...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961403/the-z-chromosome-is-enriched-for-sperm-proteins-in-two-divergent-species-of-lepidoptera
#10
Andrew J Mongue, James Walters
Genes that promote sexual conflict, such as those with a sex-limited fitness benefit, are expected to accumulate differentially on sex chromosomes relative to autosomes. Few tests of this hypothesis exist for male homogametic (ZZ) taxa, however, and most use RNA expression data to identify such genes. Here, we employ a different identification method by using proteomic analysis of sperm cells to identify genes with a sex-limited benefit. We tested for a bias in genomic location of sperm protein genes in two species of Lepidoptera...
September 29, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950061/sexual-dimorphism-age-and-fat-mass-are-key-phenotypic-drivers-of-proteomic-signatures
#11
Aoife M Curran, Colleen Fogarty Draper, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer, Armand Valsesia, Helen M Roche, Miriam F Ryan, Michael J Gibney, Martina Kutmon, Chris T Evelo, Susan L Coort, Arne Astrup, Wim H Saris, Lorraine Brennan, Jim Kaput
Validated protein biomarkers are needed for assessing health trajectories, predicting and subclassifying disease, and optimizing diagnostic and therapeutic clinical decision-making. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and precision of single or combinations of protein biomarkers may be altered by differences in physiological states limiting the ability to translate research results to clinically useful diagnostic tests. Aptamer based affinity assays were used to test whether low abundant serum proteins differed based on age, sex, and fat mass in a healthy population of 94 males and 102 females from the MECHE cohort...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935211/sustained-molecular-pathology-across-episodes-and-remission-in-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Enzo Scifo, Mohan Pabba, Fenika Kapadia, Tianzhou Ma, David A Lewis, George C Tseng, Etienne Sibille
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a debilitating mental illness and a major cause of lost productivity worldwide. MDD patients often suffer from life-long recurring episodes of increasing severity, reduced therapeutic response, and shorter remission periods, suggesting the presence of a persistent and potentially progressive pathology. METHODS: Subgenual anterior cingulate cortex postmortem samples from four MDD cohorts (single episode, n = 20; single episode in remission, n = 15; recurrent episode, n = 20; and recurrent episode in remission, n = 15), and one control cohort (n = 20) were analyzed by mass spectrometry-based proteomics (n = 3630 proteins) combined with statistical analyses...
August 18, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914051/chromosome-centric-human-proteome-project-allies-with-developmental-biology-a-case-study-of-the-role-of-y-chromosome-genes-in-organ-development
#13
Anna Meyfour, Paria Pooyan, Sara Pahlavan, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani, Hamid Gourabi, Hossein Baharvand, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
One of the main goals of Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project is to identify protein evidence for missing proteins (MPs). Here, we present a case study of the role of Y chromosome genes in organ development and how to overcome the challenges facing MPs identification by employing human pluripotent stem cell differentiation into cells of different organs yielding unprecedented biological insight into adult silenced proteins. Y chromosome is a male-specific sex chromosome which escapes meiotic recombination...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882797/modification-of-the-plasma-complement-protein-profile-by-exogenous-estrogens-is-indicative-of-a-compromised-immune-competence-in-marine-medaka-oryzias-melastigma
#14
Miao Dong, Frauke Seemann, Joseph L Humble, Yimin Liang, Drew R Peterson, Rui Ye, Honglin Ren, Hui-Su Kim, Jae-Seong Lee, Doris W T Au, Yun Wah Lam
Growing evidence suggests that the immune system of teleost is vulnerable to xenoestrogens, which are ubiquitous in the marine environment. This study detected and identified the major circulatory immune proteins deregulated by 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), which may be linked to fish susceptibility to pathogens in the marine medaka, Oryzias melastigma. Fish immune competence was determined using a host resistance assay to pathogenic bacteria Edwardsiella tarda. Females were consistently more susceptible to infection-induced mortality than males...
September 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727099/identification-of-differentially-expressed-proteins-in-testicular-semen-of-sex-reversed-female-xx-and-normal-male-xy-rainbow-trout
#15
J Nynca, M Adamek, A Ciereszko
Masculinized females, named sex-reversed females (SRF), have a male phenotype but retain the female genotype (XX) and all spermatozoa produced in their testes carry the X chromosome. Masculinization of females leads to incomplete testicular development and the production of lower-quality semen. The mechanism of masculinization is unknown at present. Therefore, the aim of our study was to identify differentially abundant proteins in testicular semen of normal males and SRF using a difference in-gel electrophoresis approach...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698824/on-the-tear-proteome-of-the-house-mouse-mus-musculus-musculus-in-relation-to-chemical-signalling
#16
Romana Stopkova, Petr Klempt, Barbora Kuntova, Pavel Stopka
Mammalian tears are produced by lacrimal glands to protect eyes and may function in chemical communication and immunity. Recent studies on the house mouse chemical signalling revealed that major urinary proteins (MUPs) are not individually unique in Mus musculus musculus. This fact stimulated us to look for other sexually dimorphic proteins that may-in combination with MUPs-contribute to a pool of chemical signals in tears. MUPs and other lipocalins including odorant binding proteins (OBPs) have the capacity to selectively transport volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in their eight-stranded beta barrel, thus we have generated the tear proteome of the house mouse to detect a wider pool of proteins that may be involved in chemical signalling...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662025/biomolecular-changes-that-occur-in-the-antennal-gland-of-the-giant-freshwater-prawn-machrobrachium-rosenbergii
#17
Utpal Bose, Thanapong Kruangkum, Tianfang Wang, Min Zhao, Tomer Ventura, Shahida Akter Mitu, Mark P Hodson, Paul N Shaw, Prasert Sobhon, Scott F Cummins
In decapod crustaceans, the antennal gland (AnG) is a major primary source of externally secreted biomolecules, and some may act as pheromones that play a major role in aquatic animal communication. In aquatic crustaceans, sex pheromones regulate reproductive behaviours, yet they remain largely unidentified besides the N-acetylglucosamine-1,5-lactone (NAGL) that stimulates male to female attraction. In this study, we used an AnG transcriptome of the female giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) to predict the secretion of 226 proteins, including the most abundantly expressed transcripts encoding the Spaetzle protein, a serine protease inhibitor, and an arthropodial cuticle protein AMP 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562021/shotgun-proteomics-analysis-discards-alkali-labile-phosphate-as-a-reliable-method-to-assess-vitellogenin-levels-in-mytilus-galloprovincialis
#18
Paula Sánchez-Marín, Laura E Fernández-González, Leonardo Mantilla-Aldana, Angel P Diz, Ricardo Beiras
Vitellogenin, the egg yolk precursor, is a well-known biomarker of endocrine disruption in oviparous vertebrates. In invertebrates, such as bivalves, it has been used in the last 10 years for the same purpose, despite the limited knowledge of invertebrate endocrinology. In bivalves, vitellogenin levels are usually estimated using an indirect technique, alkali labile phosphate (ALP), that assumes that vitellogenin is the most abundant phosphorylated protein in the analyzed tissue. In this study, we applied shotgun proteomics for the identification and quantification of vitellogenin in marine mussel gonads and compared the results with those obtained with the ALP method...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529466/the-serum-protein-responses-to-treatment-with-xiaoke-pill-and-glibenclamide-in-type-2-diabetes-patients
#19
Xiuying Zhang, Haidan Sun, Sanjoy K Paul, Quanhui Wang, Xiaomin Lou, Guixue Hou, Bo Wen, Linong Ji, Siqi Liu
AIM: The Xiaoke Pill containing Chinese herb extracts and Glibenclamide, is used in therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and is effective in reducing the risk of hypoglycemia and improving diabetes symptoms compared with Glibenclamide. We describe a quantitative proteomics project to measure the T2DM serum proteome response to the Xiaoke Pill and Glibenclamide. METHODS: Based on a recently conducted 48-week clinical trial comparing the safety and efficacy of Glibenclamide (n = 400) and Xiaoke Pill (n = 400), after matching for age, sex, BMI, drug dose and whether hypoglycemia occurred, 32 patients were selected for the serum based proteomic analysis and divided into four groups (with/without hypoglycemia treated with Xiaoke Pill or Glibenclamide, n = 8 for each group)...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501205/an-integrated-strategy-for-the-quantitative-analysis-of-endogenous-proteins-a-case-of-gender-dependent-expression-of-p450-enzymes-in-rat-liver-microsome
#20
Yuhao Shao, Xiaoxi Yin, Dian Kang, Boyu Shen, Zhangpei Zhu, Xinuo Li, Haofeng Li, Lin Xie, Guangji Wang, Yan Liang
Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry based methods provide powerful tools for protein analysis. Cytochromes P450 (CYPs), the most important drug metabolic enzymes, always exhibit sex-dependent expression patterns and metabolic activities. To date, analysis of CYPs based on mass spectrometry is still facing critical technical challenges due to the complexity and diversity of CYP isoforms besides lack of corresponding standards. The aim of present work consisted in developing a label-free qualitative and quantitative strategy for endogenous proteins, and then applying to the gender-difference study for CYPs in rat liver microsomes (RLMs)...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
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