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Congenital infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785793/outcomes-associated-with-fetal-parvovirus-b19-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Francesca Bascietto, Marco Liberati, Daniela Murgano, Danilo Buca, Antonia Iacovelli, Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Alessandra Familiari, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVE: To explore the outcome of fetuses affected by congenital Parvovirus B19 (PB19) Infection. METHODS: The outcomes observed were: miscarriage, perinatal death (PND), intra-uterine death (IUD), neonatal death (NND), spontaneous resolution of hydrops or fetal anemia, intra-uterine transfusion (IUT), resolution of hydrops or anemia after transfusion, fetal loss following transfusion, abnormal brain scan after birth, abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. All the observed outcomes were reported in fetuses presenting and in those not presenting signs of hydrops on ultrasound...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784539/revisiting-antithrombin-in-health-and-disease-congenital-deficiencies-and-genetic-variants-and-laboratory-studies-on-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-forms
#2
REVIEW
Jean Amiral, Jerard Seghatchian
Antithrombin [AT] is the main inhibitor for activated plasma coagulation serine esterases, inhibiting thrombin, Factors Xa and IXa, but also Factors XIIa, XIa, VIIa, kallicrein, and plasmin. Its activity is highly enhanced by heparin, through binding to the pentasaccharide sequences, for inhibition of all coagulation proteases, except thrombin, which inhibition requires its additional binding to the heparin polysaccharide chain. However, AT is the major inhibitor of thrombin in the blood circulation. Congenital or acquired deficiencies of AT expose affected patients to an increased risk of developing unprovoked and recurrent thrombo-embolic diseases...
April 19, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784513/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#3
Karen B Fowler, Shannon A Ross, Masako Shimamura, Amina Ahmed, April L Palmer, Marian G Michaels, David I Bernstein, Pablo J Sánchez, Kristina N Feja, Audra Stewart, Suresh Boppana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of race and ethnicity upon the prevalence and clinical spectrum of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN: From 2007 to 2012, 100 332 infants from 7 medical centers were screened for cCMV while in the hospital. Ethnicity and race were collected and cCMV prevalence rates were calculated. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of cCMV in the cohort was 4.5 per 1000 live births (95% CI, 4.1-4.9)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783273/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-congenital-myasthenic-syndromes-due-to-chat-mutations-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Pinar Arican, Pinar Gencpinar, Dilek Cavusoglu, Nihal Olgac Dundar
Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) are neuromuscular transmission disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding neuromuscular junction proteins. CMS due to choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) gene is characterized by episodic apnea. We report a case of a 12-month-old female patient presented with recurrent episodic apnea carrying a mutation in CHAT gene, p.I336T. Furthermore, we describe the genetic and clinical findings in 44 CMS patients due to CHAT mutations in the literature up to date. Episodes of apnea and respiratory insufficiency are the hallmarks of CHAT mutations...
May 21, 2018: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782609/low-cost-customized-cranioplasty-using-a-3d-digital-printing-model-a-case-report
#5
Abel De La Peña, Javier De La Peña-Brambila, Juan Pérez-De La Torre, Miguel Ochoa, Guillermo J Gallardo
Background: Cranial defects usually occur after trauma, neurosurgical procedures like decompressive craniotomy, tumour resections, infection and congenital defects. The purpose of cranial vault repair is to protect the underlying brain tissue, to reduce any localized pain and patient anxiety, and improve cranial aesthetics. Cranioplasty is a frequent neurosurgical procedure achieved with the aid of cranial prosthesis made from materials such as: titanium, autologous bone, ceramics and polymers...
2018: 3D printing in medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782301/lymphangioma-circumscriptum-post-radiotherapy-for-penile-cancer-treated-with-co%C3%A2-laser
#6
Dietmar Schulz, Andreas Lein, Ancuta Proca Nicula, Katrin Schierle, Caius Solovan
Lymphangioma circumscriptum (LC) is a rare, benign condition, predominantly characterized by the malformation of lymphatic skin vessels. Its onset may be congenital or due to secondary causes such as radiotherapy, infections, or surgical procedures. We present the case of a 55-year-old patient with a pathologic history of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis followed by radical penectomy. Due to metastasis to the locoregional lymph nodes, the entire affected area was subsequently treated with radiation therapy, receiving a total dose of 55...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779827/zika-virus-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#7
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777282/ambulatory-intravenous-inotropic-support-and-or-levosimendan-in-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-failure-safety-survival-improvement-or-transplantation
#8
Sotiria C Apostolopoulou, George A Vagenakis, Alexandros Tsoutsinos, Felicia Kakava, Spyridon Rammos
End-stage heart failure (HF) frequently needs continuous inotropic support in hospital and has high morbidity and mortality in absence of heart transplantation. This study reports outcome, efficacy, and safety of continuous ambulatory inotropes (AI) and/or periodic levosimendan (LS) infusions in pediatric HF patients. The study included 27 patients, median age 9.4 (0.1-26.1) years, with severe HF (6 myocarditis, 13 dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 restrictive cardiomyopathy, 6 repaired congenital heart disease). Dobutamine and milrinone AI were administered in 21 patients through a permanent central catheter for median duration 1...
May 18, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776940/successful-treatment-of-fulminant-neonatal-enteroviral-myocarditis-in-monochorionic-diamniotic-twins-with-cardiopulmonary-support-intravenous-immunoglobulin-and-pocapavir
#9
Shahnawaz M Amdani, Hannah S Kim, Anthony Orvedahl, Audrey Odom John, Ahmed Said, Kathleen Simpson
Neonatal cardiogenic shock most commonly occurs due to critical congenital heart disease, sepsis, metabolic disorder or arrhythmias. In particular, enterovirus infections are common in the neonatal period, and patients can present with fulminant myocarditis. Early recognition is imperative due to its high morbidity and mortality without prompt and aggressive treatment. We present the successful treatment of fulminant neonatal enteroviral myocarditis in a pair of monochorionic diamniotic twins with cardiopulmonary support, intravenous immunoglobulin and pocapavir, an enteroviral capsid inhibitor...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776426/detection-of-zika-virus-infection-among-asymptomatic-pregnant-women-in-the-north-of-peru
#10
Claudia Weilg, Lucinda Troyes, Zoila Villegas, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Fernando Mazulis, Ammy Febres, Mario Troyes, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Juana Del Valle-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To report an outbreak of ZIKV infection among asymptomatic pregnant women during 2016 in the city of Jaen, Cajamarca. RESULTS: Zika virus RNA was detected in 3.2% (n = 36) of cases by RT-PCR. The mean age of patients positive for ZIKV infection was 29.6 years. 7 patients (19.4%) infected with ZIKV were in their first-trimester of gestation, 13 (36.1%) were in their second-trimester, and 16 (44%) were in their third-trimester. All of the infected pregnant women were asymptomatic...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775450/-congenital-megacalycosis-in-a-girl-with-unilateral-renal-agenesis
#11
Agnieszka Szmigielska, Grażyna Krzemień, Anna Zacharzewska, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Stanisław Warchoł
Renal agenesis occurs in pediatric population with the incidence 1:500- 2000 children. It is more often diagnosed in boys and on the left side of the body. Renal agenesis may be isolated or it may be a part of complex malformation syndrome. Megacalycosis is a very rare anomaly of urinary tract associated with abnormal structure of the kidney pyramids. AIM: The aim of the study was to present for the first time in the medical literature the case of a girl with unilateral renal agenesis and megacalycosis...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775448/pyonephrosis-as-the-first-symptom-of-congenital-hydronephrosis-in-a-6-year-old-girl
#12
Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Stanisław Warchoł, Przemysław Bombiński, Krzysztof Toth, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Garżyna Krzemień
Pyonephrosis in the course of hydronephrosis usually provides to total or near-total loss of renal function. In adults pyonephrosis usually results from urolithiasis. In children usually congenital urinary tract anomalies are present as contributing factors. CASE REPORT: 6-year old girl was admitted to the hospital because of 2-day history of high fever, abdominal pain, progressive deterioration of general condition and ultrasonographically (US) detected left hydronephrosis. US on admission showed grossly dilated left renal collecting system together with extensive echogenic debris and laboratory tests highly elevated inflammatory markers...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770300/tissue-engineered-vascular-grafts-for-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Toshihiro Shoji, Toshiharu Shinoka
New technologies and science have contributed to improved surgical outcomes in patients with congenital cardiovascular diseases. However, current materials display shortcomings, such as risk of infection and lack of growth capacity when applied to the pediatric patient population. Tissue engineering has the potential to address these limitations as the ideal tissue engineered vascular graft (TEVG) would be durable, biocompatible, nonthrombogenic, and ultimately remodel into native tissue. The traditional TEVG paradigm consists of a scaffold, cell source, and the integration of the scaffold and cells via seeding...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770098/infectious-and-congenital-syphilis-in-canada-2010-2015
#14
Y Choudhri, J Miller, J Sandhu, A Leon, J Aho
Background: Syphilis is the third most commonly reported notifiable sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Canada, following chlamydia and gonorrhea, respectively. Rates of this STI have been rising rapidly in Canada since 2001. Objective: To summarize trends observed in syphilis rates for 2010 to 2015 in Canada. Methods: Laboratory-confirmed cases of infectious syphilis and early congenital syphilis were reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada by all of the Canadian provinces and territories...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770094/travel-related-zika-virus-cases-in-canada-october-2015-june-2017
#15
J Tataryn, L Vrbova, M Drebot, H Wood, E Payne, S Connors, J Geduld, M German, K Khan, P A Buck
Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that can cause severe birth defects if contracted congenitally. Since late 2015, there has been a large increase in the number of travel-related cases of Zika virus infection in Canada. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of travel-related Zika cases in Canada from October 2015 to June 2017 and review them in the context of the international outbreak in the Americas...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769499/toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-and-its-possible-associated-risk-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#16
C R Naheen, S Tarafder, S Khan
Toxoplasmosis is a well-documented cause of bad obstetric history (BOH) and a major reason of congenitally acquired infection. This observational study was conducted to detect the rate of seropositivity of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and observe their risk factors associated with disease transmission attending the antenatal clinic of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2015 to August 2016. The study subjects included 150 pregnant women of different gestational ages...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769344/efficient-delivery-of-hcmv-t-cell-antigens-by-attenuated-sendai-virus-vectors
#17
Richard Kiener, Markus Fleischmann, Marian Alexander Wiegand, Niels A W Lemmermann, Christiane Schwegler, Christine Kaufmann, Angelique Renzaho, Simone Thomas, Eva Felder, Hans Helmut Niller, Benedikt Asbach, Ralf Wagner
Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) represents a major cause of clinical complications during pregnancy as well as immunosuppression and the licensing of a protective HCMV vaccine remains an unmet global need. Herein, we designed and validated novel Sendai virus (SeV) vectors delivering T cell immunogens IE-1 and pp65. To enhance vector safety, we used a replication-deficient strain (rdSeV) that infects target cells in a non-productive manner while retaining viral gene expression. In this study, we explored the impact that transduction with rdSeV has on human dendritic cells (DCs) by comparing it to the parental, replication-competent Sendai virus strain (rcSeV) as well as the poxvirus strain Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768731/cochlear-implant-performance-in-children-deafened-by-congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-systematic-review
#18
V J C Kraaijenga, F Van Houwelingen, S F Van der Horst, J Visscher, J M L Huisman, E J Hollman, I Stegeman, A L Smit
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a major cause of sensorineural hearing loss in children. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The objective of this systematic review was to compare performance in pediatric cochlear implant users with SNHL caused by cCMV compared to non-cCMV implantees. TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review. SEARCH STRATEGY: Pubmed, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases were searched from inception up to May 15th 2017 for children, cochlear implant, performance and their synonyms...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768589/women-s-lives-in-times-of-zika-mosquito-controlled-lives
#19
Ana Rosa Linde, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital brain abnormalities. Its consequences to pregnancies has made governments, national and international agencies issue advices and recommendations to women. There is a clear need to investigate how the Zika outbreak affects the decisions that women take concerning their lives and the life of their families, as well as how women are psychologically and emotionally dealing with the outbreak. We conducted a qualitative study to address the impact of the Zika epidemic on the family life of women living in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the US, who were affected by it to shed light on the social repercussions of Zika...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768530/ns1-codon-usage-adaptation-to-humans-in-pandemic-zika-virus
#20
Caio César de Melo Freire, Giuseppe Palmisano, Carla T Braconi, Fernanda R Cugola, Fabiele B Russo, Patricia Cb Beltrão-Braga, Atila Iamarino, Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Amadou Alpha Sall, Livia Rosa-Fernandes, Martin R Larsen, Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) was recognised as a zoonotic pathogen in Africa and southeastern Asia. Human infections were infrequently reported until 2007, when the first known epidemic occurred in Micronesia. After 2013, the Asian lineage of ZIKV spread along the Pacific Islands and Americas, causing severe outbreaks with millions of human infections. The recent human infections of ZIKV were also associated with severe complications, such as an increase in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and the emergence of congenital Zika syndrome...
May 10, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
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