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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719305/optimizing-household-chlorination-marketing-strategies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-price-and-promotion-on-adoption-in-haiti
#1
Michael Ritter, Eveline Camille, Christophe Velcine, Rose-Kerline Guillaume, Daniele Lantagne
Household water treatment can reduce diarrheal morbidity and mortality in developing countries, but adoption remains low and supply is often unreliable. To test effects of marketing strategies on consumers and suppliers, we randomized 1,798 households in rural Haiti and collected data on purchases of a household chlorination product for 4 months. Households received randomly selected prices ($0.11-$0.56 per chlorine bottle), and half received monthly visits from sales agents. Each $0.22 drop in price increased purchases by 0...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713787/consumers-preferences-for-a-local-food-product-the-case-of-a-new-carnaroli-rice-product-in-lombardy
#2
Giovanni Ferrazzi, Vera Ventura, Sabrina Ratti, Claudia Balzaretti
Italy, with a cultivated area of 218,000 ha, is a European leader of rice production. In particular Lombardy region accounts for 40% of total rice cultivation and the case study in object accounts for 3.2% of Lombardy total rice area (2773 ha). Starting from 2012, through a regional project titled Buono, Sano e Vicino (good, healthy and close), Riso e Rane rural district supported local rice farmers in developing innovation in rice production and promoting an alternative supply chain to increase farmers bargaining power and promote new market strategies...
April 13, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713093/legal-regulation-of-the-production-and-trade-of-medical-devices-and-medical-equipment-in-the-eu-and-us-experience-for-ukraine
#3
Vitalii Pashkov, Alla Kotvitska, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: The need for effective legal regulation of production and sale of medical products in Ukraine due to its social effect is obvious and requires a high level of clarity. The experience of more advanced countries in this area, given the way chosen by Ukraine to harmonize our laws with EU legislation, is certainly could be a useful source of information. The urgency of issues need further intensification of national legal reforms. Some key points on concept of legal regulation of abovementioned sphere is a base of this study...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710622/intra-and-extra-cellular-proteome-analyses-of-steroid-producer-mycobacteria
#4
Carlos Barreiro, Alejandro Morales, Inés Vázquez-Iglesias, Alberto Sola-Landa
The importance of the pathogenic mycobacteria has mainly focused the omic analyses on different aspects of their clinical significance. In contrast, those industrially relevant mycobacteria have received less attention, even though the steroids market sales in 2011, in example, were estimated in $8 billion.The extra-cellular proteome, due to its relevance in the sterols processing and uptake; as well as the intra-cellular proteome, because of its role in steroids bioconversion, are the core of the present chapter...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705241/demand-and-willingness-to-pay-for-bed-nets-in-tanzania-results-from-a-choice-experiment
#5
Chris D Gingrich, Emily Ricotta, Amos Kahwa, Catherine Kahabuka, Hannah Koenker
BACKGROUND: Universal coverage campaigns for long-lasting insecticide-treated nets do not always reach the goal of one net for every two household members, and even when ownership of at least one net per household is high, many households may not own enough nets. The retail market provides these households options for replacing or increasing the number of nets they own with products that best fit their needs since a variety of net shapes, sizes, and colours are available. Hence, it is important to understand the factors affecting private net demand...
July 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698998/does-organ-selling-violate-human-dignity
#7
Zümrüt Alpinar-Şencan, Holger Baumann, Nikola Biller-Andorno
Shortages in the number of donated organs after death and the growing number of end-stage organ failure patients on waiting lists call for looking at alternatives to increase the number of organs that could be used for transplantation purposes. One option that has led to a legal and ethical debate is to have regulated markets in human organs. Opponents of a market in human organs offer different arguments that are mostly founded on contingent factors that can be adjusted. However, some authors have asked the question whether we still have a reason to believe that there is something wrong with offering human organs for sale for transplantation purposes, even if the circumstances under which the practice takes place are improved...
July 11, 2017: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695833/investigation-on-the-collection-and-economy-of-medicinal-leeches-from-wetlands-around-lake-e%C3%A4-irdir-turkey
#8
Mustafa Ceylan, Osman Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the collection and economy of medicinal leeches from wetlands around Lake Eğirdir, Turkey. METHODS: Data used in this study were based on findings, observations, and face-to-face interviews obtained from a research performed between January 2013 - February 2016 on medicinal leech populations. RESULTS: The leech collecting is carried out without any permission, by both local peoples and others especially who are from Afyonkarahisar...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695605/returns-to-scientific-publications-for-pharmaceutical-products-in-the-united-states
#9
Julia F Slejko, Anirban Basu, Sean D Sullivan
Drug-specific clinical and health economic and outcomes research (HEOR) publications have amassed, but their effect on drug sales is largely unknown. We estimated the impact of publications on pharmaceutical sales in 3 markets (statins, rheumatoid arthritis, and asthma drugs) with varying generic competition. An event-study approach with fixed effects and difference-in-fixed-effects modeling was used to estimate the causal effects of drug-specific publications on subsequent quarter's drug-specific sales and volume...
July 10, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679940/generics-pricing-the-greek-paradox
#10
Ioannis Karafyllis, Lamprini Variti
This paper explains and develops a methodological framework to help evaluate the performance of generic pharmaceutical policies and the correct evaluation of generics sales. Until today erroneous recording of generics does not help proper pricing and their penetration in the Greek market. This classifies Greece on the outliners in every study or comparison that is referred on papers or studies.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679327/micro-factors-bringing-the-pharmaceutical-industry-to-a-seismic-shaking-a-qualitative-research
#11
Raphaela Marie Louisa Dierks, Olivier Bruyère, Jean-Yves Reginster
INTRODUCTION: Due to changing macro and micro factors, expiring patents and falling net income, pharmaceutical companies need to rethink their vertical business model. The trend shows cross-sectorial partnerships and consolidation to remain and compete on the market. Areas covered: Quantitative research interviewing a target group of 25 key executives from small, mid and large global pharmaceutical companies rounded with qualitative literature research completing the analysis. Expert commentary: Uncertainty in the industry due to changing external factors i...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672147/children-s-exposure-to-alcohol-marketing-within-supermarkets-an-objective-analysis-using-gps-technology-and-wearable-cameras
#12
T Chambers, A L Pearson, J Stanley, M Smith, M Barr, C Ni Mhurchu, L Signal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Exposure to alcohol marketing within alcohol retailers has been associated with higher rates of childhood drinking, brand recognition, and marketing recall. This study aimed to objectively measure children's everyday exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets. METHOD: Children aged 11-13 (n = 167) each wore a wearable camera and GPS device for four consecutive days. Micro-spatial analyses were used to examine exposures within supermarkets...
June 30, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669493/consumer-willingness-to-pay-for-packaging-and-contents-in-asian-countries
#13
Risa Kojima, Masanobu Ishikawa
This study was conducted using a hedonic pricing model to evaluate consumer preference for packaging and contents in five Asian countries: Japan, Indonesia, Singapore, Taiwan, and China. Results revealed that the marginal rate of substitution (MRS) of packaging for contents differs significantly among countries: 17.7 for Singapore, 8.58 for China, 2.71 for Taiwan, 1.65 for Japan and not significant for Indonesia. Share of Willingness-to-pay (WTP) for packaging accounted for 52.8% of the WTP for sales unit of a representative product in Japan and 46...
June 29, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668741/cost-benefit-analysis-of-copper-recovery-in-remediation-projects-a-case-study-from-sweden
#14
Yevheniya Volchko, Jenny Norrman, Lars Rosén, Karin Karlfeldt Fedje
Contamination resulting from past industrial activity is a problem throughout the world and many sites are severely contaminated by metals. Advances in research in recent years have resulted in the development of technologies for recovering metal from metal-rich materials within the framework of remediation projects. Using cost-benefit analysis (CBA), and explicitly taking uncertainties into account, this paper evaluates the potential social profitability of copper recovery as part of four remediation alternatives at a Swedish site...
June 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661301/finished-with-menthol-an-evidence-based-policy-option-that-will-save-lives
#15
Joelle M Lester, Stacey Younger Gagosian
Smoking remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, killing approximately 480,000 people each year. This crushing health burden falls disproportionately, and recent CDC data shows that large disparities in adult cigarette smoking remain. One factor in these disparities is the use of flavors. Menthol cigarettes and other flavored tobacco products are used at higher rates by vulnerable populations including youth and young adults, African Americans, women, Hispanics and Asian Americans...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661249/regulating-information-or-allowing-deception-pharmaceutical-sales-visits-in-canada-france-and-the-united-states
#16
Roojin Habibi, Line Guénette, Joel Lexchin, Ellen Reynolds, Mary Wiktorowicz, Barbara Mintzes
Diverse legal and regulatory measures are used internationally to control the information provided during pharmaceutical sales visits. Little is known about the comparative effectiveness of these measures however. We analyzed the perceptions of regulators, pharmaceutical industry officials, health professionals, and consumer respondents concerning these approaches in Canada, France, and the United States using an empirical realist interests-based approach. Interviews focused on the aims and effectiveness of regulation, barriers and enablers to regulation and suggestions for improvement...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660783/interview-with-justin-davies-and-andrew-tochterman
#17
Justin Davies, Andrew Tochterman
Justin Davies and Andrew Tochterman speak to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Justin Davies is a Senior Research Fellow and Honorary Consultant Cardiologist at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London (UK). His main research interests include the development and application of pioneering technologies in engineering to aid understanding of disease mechanisms, and in the diagnosis of pathological disease states. After completing his undergraduate training at Imperial College, he was awarded a prestigious British Heart Foundation research fellowship to undertake his PhD at Imperial College...
July 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657187/an-insight-into-the-deep-web-why-it-matters-for-addiction-psychiatry
#18
Laura Orsolini, Duccio Papanti, John Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the web is rapidly spreading, playing a significant role in the marketing or sale or distribution of "quasi" legal drugs, hence facilitating continuous changes in drug scenarios. The easily renewable and anarchic online drug-market is gradually transforming indeed the drug market itself, from a "street" to a "virtual" one, with customers being able to shop with a relative anonymity in a 24-hr marketplace. The hidden "deep web" is facilitating this phenomenon. The paper aims at providing an overview to mental health's and addiction's professionals on current knowledge about prodrug activities on the deep web...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654873/seller-s-reputation-and-capacity-on-the-illicit-drug-markets-11-month-study-on-the-finnish-version-of-the-silk-road
#19
Juha Nurmi, Teemu Kaskela, Jussi Perälä, Atte Oksanen
AIMS: This 11-month study analyzed illicit drug sales on the anonymous Tor network, with a focus on investigating whether a seller's reputation and capacity increased daily drug sales. DESIGN AND SETTING: The data were gathered from Silkkitie, the Finnish version of the Silk Road, by web crawling the site on a daily basis from (November 2014 to September 2015). The data include information on sellers (n=260) and products (n=3823). MEASUREMENTS: The measurements include the sellers' reputation, the sale amounts (in euros), the number of available products and the types of drugs sold...
June 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652024/the-lock-in-effect-and-the-greening-of-automotive-cooling-systems-in-the-european-union
#20
Amalie Bjørnåvold, Steven Van Passel
As of 2017, the sale and use of the refrigerants most commonly used in automotive cooling systems - hydrofluorocarbons - are entirely banned in all new vehicles placed on the market in the European Union. These refrigerants have been recognised as potent greenhouse gases and, therefore, direct contributors to climate change. It is within this regulation-driven market that the technologies for a sustainable solution have been developed. However, this paper argues that the market for automotive cooling systems has been 'locked-in', which means that competing technologies, operating under dynamic increasing returns, will allow for one - potentially inferior technology - to dominate the market...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
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