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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221976/listeria-monocytogenes-in-smoked-salmon-and-other-smoked-fish-at-retail-in-italy-frequency-of-contamination-and-strain-characterization-in-products-from-different-manufacturers
#1
Vicdalia Aniela Acciari, Marina Torresi, Luigi Iannetti, Silvia Scattolini, Francesco Pomilio, Lucia Decastelli, Silvia Colmegna, Riccardo Muliari, Teresa Bossù, Yolande Proroga, Cosimo Montagna, Cinzia Cardamone, Paola Cogoni, Vincenza Annunziata Prencipe, Giacomo Migliorati
Seven hundred seventy-eight samples of packaged smoked fish (774 smoked salmon and 4 smoked swordfish) on sale in Italy, from 50 different manufacturers located in 12 European Union countries, were purchased from the Italian market between May and December 2011. The surface temperatures of the samples on sale ranged from 0 to 13°C (3.4 ± 1.5°C, mean ± SD). Six hundred eighty (87.4%) of 778 samples were stored at ≤4°C. One hundred fifty-seven samples (20.2%, 95% confidence interval 17.5 to 23.1%) were contaminated by Listeria monocytogenes , with 26 samples (3...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216007/microbiological-quality-of-pastrami-and-associated-surfaces-at-the-point-of-sale-in-kayseri-turkey
#2
Y Yildirim, N Ertas Onmaz, Z Gonulalan, S Al, A Yildirim, F Karadal, H Hizlisoy, Ş Pamuk
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to trace the possible relations between the hygienic status of slicing utensils and the microbiological quality of pastrami. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 75 pastrami retail markets were visited in Kayseri, Turkey, where the pastrami (a ready-to-eat meat product) is commonly produced and consumed. Sliced pastrami, the cutting board and knife surface swabs were collected from each pastrami retail point to trace possible sources of contamination...
February 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215387/dissemination-of-technology-to-evaluate-healthy-food-incentive-programs
#3
Darcy A Freedman, Alan R Hunt, Katie Merritt, En-Jung Shon, Stephanie N Pike
INTRODUCTION: Federal policy supports increased implementation of monetary incentive interventions for chronic disease prevention among low-income populations. This study describes how a Prevention Research Center, working with a dissemination partner, developed and distributed technology to support nationwide implementation and evaluation of healthy food incentive programming focused on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients. METHODS: FM Tracks, an iOS-based application and website, was developed to standardize evaluation methods for healthy food incentive program implementation at direct-to-consumer markets...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212972/variation-in-health-technology-assessment-and-reimbursement-processes-in-europe
#4
Ronald L Akehurst, Eric Abadie, Noël Renaudin, François Sarkozy
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that differences in health technology assessment (HTA) processes among countries, particularly within Europe, have led to inequity in patient access to new medicines. OBJECTIVES: To provide an up-to-date snapshot analysis of the present status of HTA and reimbursement systems in select European countries, and to investigate the implications of these processes, especially with regard to delays in market and patient access. METHODS: HTA and reimbursement processes were assessed through a review of published and gray literature, and through a series of interviews with HTA experts...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211112/impact-of-a-targeted-direct-marketing-price-promotion-intervention-buywell-on-food-purchasing-behaviour-by-low-income-consumers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
M Stead, A M MacKintosh, A Findlay, L Sparks, A S Anderson, K Barton, D Eadie
BACKGROUND: Price promotions are a promising intervention for encouraging healthier food purchasing. We aimed to assess the impact of a targeted direct marketing price promotion combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions on the purchase of selected healthier foods by low income consumers. METHODS: We conducted a randomised controlled trial (n = 53 367) of a direct marketing price promotion (Buywell) combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions for low income consumers identified as 'less healthy' shoppers...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207340/impact-of-cvs-pharmacy-s-discontinuance-of-tobacco-sales-on-cigarette-purchasing-2012-2014
#6
Jennifer M Polinski, Benjamin Howell, Michael A Gagnon, Steven M Kymes, Troyen A Brennan, William H Shrank
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of CVS Health's discontinuation of tobacco sales on cigarette purchasing. METHODS: We used households' purchasing data to assess rates at which households stopped cigarette purchasing for at least 6 months during September 2014 to August 2015 among 3 baseline groups: CVS-exclusive cigarette purchasers, CVS+ (CVS and other retailers), and other-exclusive (only non-CVS retailers). In state-level analyses using retailers' point-of-sale purchase data, an interrupted time series compared cigarette purchasing before (January 2012 to August 2014) and after (September 2014 to April 2015) tobacco removal in 13 intervention states with CVS market share of at least 15% versus 3 control states with no CVS stores...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201928/movie-piracy-networks-at-alaba-international-market-lagos-nigeria
#7
Oludayo Tade, Okoro Paul Mmahi
This study examined the veiled chain of film piracy, a major crime in the Nigeria entertainment industry. Studies on film piracy in Nigeria have focused on its economic implications, both on the copyright owners and on the Nigerian economy. The organization of the activities of the film pirates has, however, been neglected. Narratives were extracted through in-depth interviews with pirates, "marketers," and "producers." Data indicated that pirates were insiders in the film marketing industry and included importers of foreign movies, registered and nonregistered retailers of Nigerian films, as well as marketers appointed by copyright owners to distribute their films...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195535/the-unfair-trade-why-organ-sale-is-indefensible
#8
Siby K George
This paper argues against the proposal of a system of compensated living donation in the global south, especially India, without recourse to essentialist ethics. It relies on the anti-essentialist ethical-ontology of Levinas for the claim that it is the concrete vulnerability of the suffering other, rather than any absolute moral imperative, that makes a market for organs unethical.
January 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#9
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188864/food-shopping-sensory-determinants-of-food-choice-and-meal-preparation-by-visually-impaired-people-obstacles-and-expectations-in-daily-food-experiences
#10
Eliza Kostyra, Sylwia Żakowska-Biemans, Katarzyna Śniegocka, Anna Piotrowska
The number of visually impaired and blind people is rising worldwide due to ageing of the global population, but research regarding the impact of visual impairment on the ability of a person to choose food and to prepare meals is scarce. The aim of this study was threefold: to investigate factors determining the choices of food products in people with various levels of impaired vision; to identify obstacles they face while purchasing food, preparing meals and eating out; and to determine what would help them in the areas of food shopping and meal preparation...
February 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187713/novel-methods-to-optimize-gene-and-statistic-test-for-evaluation-an-application-for-escherichia-coli
#11
Tran Tuan-Anh, Le Thi Ly, Ngo Quoc Viet, Pham The Bao
BACKGROUND: Since the recombinant protein was discovered, it has become more popular in many aspects of life science. The value of global pharmaceutical market was $87 billion in 2008 and the sales for industrial enzyme exceeded $4 billion in 2012. This is strong evidence showing the great potential of recombinant protein. However, native genes introduced into a host can cause incompatibility of codon usage bias, GC content, repeat region, Shine-Dalgarno sequence with host's expression system, so the yields can fall down significantly...
February 10, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173984/into-the-void-regulating-pesticide-use-in-colorado-s-commercial-cannabis-markets
#12
Todd Subritzky, Simone Pettigrew, Simon Lenton
BACKGROUND: In 2014, Colorado implemented the world's first seed-to-sale recreational cannabis market under a commercial model. This paper aims to provide a thick descriptive account that gives insight into the issues and complexities of Colorado's pioneering and evolving attempt to regulate the use of pesticides on commercial cannabis plantations. METHODS: The paper examines multiple data sets including: (i) Colorado State Government documents; (ii) recreational cannabis regulations; (iii) mass and niche media publications (n=175); (iv) face-to-face interviews with key stakeholders, including seniors, regulators and industry executives (n=8); and (v) field notes from relevant conferences and cultivation facility tours in Denver in October, 2016...
February 4, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157770/global-adverse-event-reports-of-breast-implant-associated-alcl-an-international-review-of-40-government-authority-databases
#13
Dhivya R Srinivasa, Roberto N Miranda, Arminder Kaura, Ashleigh M Francis, Antonella Campanale, Rosaria Boldrini, Janette Alexander, Anand Deva, Paula Gravina, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Karen Nast, Charles E Butler, Mark W Clemens
BACKGROUND: An estimated 200 patients have been reported with breast implant associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL), a rare T-cell lymphoma developing around breast prostheses. The purpose of this study was to review federal database submissions relating to BI-ALCL in 37 countries representing the majority of breast implant markets worldwide with available adverse event reporting. METHODS: Database queries were performed for Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Columbia, Japan, Mexico, National Competent Authorities of the European Member States, New Zealand, South Korea, and United States...
January 20, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151009/three-pink-decades-breast-cancer-coverage-in-magazine-advertisements
#14
Niveen AbiGhannam, Lindsay A Chilek, Hyeseung E Koh
Breast cancer advocacy has experienced tremendous success since the 1980s. Yet, the quality and authenticity of breast cancer information in the media are sometimes questionable. Using a content analysis, we examined the informative (donation information, breast cancer advocacy content, etc.) and persuasive (appeals used, cues to action, etc.) contents of magazine advertisements relevant to breast cancer. While ads offered minimal informative content about the disease or about ways by which sales will contribute to the breast cancer cause, they integrated "breast cancer appeals," such as the color pink, the pink ribbon, and mostly positive depictions of survivorship and hope, into the ads...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139963/kt-g-from-korean-monopoly-to-a-global-name-in-the-tobacco-industry
#15
Kelley Lee, Lucy Gong, Jappe Eckhardt, Chris Holden, Sungkyu Lee
Until the late 1980s, the former South Korean tobacco monopoly KT&G was focused on the protected domestic market. The opening of the market to foreign competition, under pressure from the U.S. Trade Representative, led to a steady erosion of market share over the next 10 years. Drawing on company documents and industry sources, this paper examines the adaptation of KT&G to the globalization of the South Korean tobacco industry since the 1990s. It is argued that KT&G has shifted from a domestic monopoly to an outward-looking, globally oriented business in response to the influx of transnational tobacco companies...
March 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125686/tuna-species-substitution-in-the-spanish-commercial-chain-a-knock-on-effect
#16
Ana Gordoa, Gustavo Carreras, Nuria Sanz, Jordi Viñas
Intentional mislabelling of seafood is a widespread problem, particularly with high-value species like tuna. In this study we examine tuna mislabelling, deliberate species substitution, types of substitution and its impact on prices. The survey covered the commercial chain, from Merca-Barna to fishmongers and restaurants in the Spanish Autonomous Community of Catalonia. To understand the geographic extent of the problem we also sampled Merca-Madrid, Europe's biggest fish market, and Merca-Málaga for its proximity to the bluefin tuna migratory route and trap fishery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121532/boosting-a-drug-s-market-share-can-cross-a-dangerous-line
#17
Thomas Reinke
Hub programs have emerged as a profitable new line of business in the sales and distribution side of the pharmaceutical industry that has got more than its fair share of wheeling and dealing. But they spell trouble if they spark collusion, threaten patients, or waste federal dollars.
July 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120423/a-cross-sectional-study-to-quantify-the-prevalence-of-avian-influenza-viruses-in-poultry-at-intervention-and-non-intervention-live-bird-markets-in-central-vietnam-2014
#18
D-H Chu, M A Stevenson, L V Nguyen, N Isoda, S M Firestone, T N Nguyen, L T Nguyen, K Matsuno, M Okamatsu, H Kida, Y Sakoda
In Vietnam, live bird markets are found in most populated centres, providing the means by which fresh poultry can be purchased by consumers for immediate consumption. Live bird markets are aggregation points for large numbers of poultry, and therefore, it is common for a range of avian influenza viruses to be mixed within live bird markets as a result of different poultry types and species being brought together from different geographical locations. We conducted a cross-sectional study in seven live bird markets in four districts of Thua Thien Hue Province in August and December, 2014...
January 24, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108428/identifying-topics-for-e-cigarette-user-generated-contents-a-case-study-from-multiple-social-media-platforms
#19
Yongcheng Zhan, Ruoran Liu, Qiudan Li, Scott James Leischow, Daniel Dajun Zeng
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) is an emerging product with a rapid-growth market in recent years. Social media has become an important platform for information seeking and sharing. We aim to mine hidden topics from e-cigarette datasets collected from different social media platforms. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to gain a systematic understanding of the characteristics of various types of social media, which will provide deep insights into how consumers and policy makers effectively use social media to track e-cigarette-related content and adjust their decisions and policies...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100464/six-month-market-exclusivity-extensions-to-promote-research-offer-substantial-returns-for-many-drug-makers
#20
Aaron S Kesselheim, Benjamin N Rome, Ameet Sarpatwari, Jerry Avorn
To incentivize pharmaceutical manufacturers to invest in areas of unmet medical need, policy makers frequently propose extending the market exclusivity period of desired drugs. Some such proposals are modeled after the pediatric exclusivity patent extension program, which since 1997 has provided six additional months of market exclusivity for drugs studied in children. The most recent proposal would encourage rare disease research by providing six months of extended exclusivity for any existing drug that is granted subsequent FDA approval for a new rare disease indication...
January 18, 2017: Health Affairs
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