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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447766/supervised-dosing-with-a-long-acting-opioid-medication-in-the-management-of-opioid-dependence
#1
REVIEW
Rosella Saulle, Simona Vecchi, Linda Gowing
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence (OD) is an increasing clinical and public health problem worldwide. International guidelines recommend opioid substitution treatment (OST), such as methadone and buprenorphine, as first-line medication treatment for OD. A negative aspect of OST is that the medication used can be diverted both through sale on the black market, and the unsanctioned use of medications. Daily supervised administration of medications used in OST has the advantage of reducing the risk of diversion, and may promote therapeutic engagement, potentially enhancing the psychosocial aspect of OST, but costs more and is more restrictive on the client than dispensing for off-site consumption...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444233/neighborhood-variation-in-the-price-of-cheap-tobacco-products-in-california-results-from-healthy-stores-for-a-healthy-community
#2
Lisa Henriksen, Elizabeth Andersen-Rodgers, Xueying Zhang, April Roeseler, Dennis L Sun, Trent O Johnson, Nina C Schleicher
Background.: Retail marketing surveillance research highlights concerns about lower-priced cigarettes in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, but focuses almost exclusively on premium brands. To remedy this gap in the literature, the current study examines neighborhood variation in prices for the cheapest cigarettes and a popular brand of cigarillos in a large statewide sample of licensed tobacco retailers in a low-tax state. Methods.: All 61 local health departments in California trained data collectors to conduct observations in a census of eligible licensed tobacco retailers in randomly selected zip codes (n=7,393 stores, completion rate=91%)...
April 22, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438819/essentials-of-essential-oils
#3
Chelsea R Manion, Rebecca M Widder
PURPOSE: Information to guide clinicians in educating and advising patients using or intending to use essential oils for self-administered aromatherapy or other medicinal purposes is presented. SUMMARY: The term essential oils refers to highly concentrated, aromatic oils extracted from plants by steam distillation, hydrodiffusion, or pressure. Market reports indicate strong growth in the use of essential oils in the United States in recent decades. Therapeutic claims made in the marketing of essential oils have led the Food and Drug Administration to caution a number of suppliers...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438145/insights-into-the-availability-and-distribution-of-oral-artemisinin-monotherapy-in-myanmar-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-outlet-survey
#4
Si Thu Thein, Hnin Su Su Khin, Aung Thi
BACKGROUND: The containment of artemisinin resistance in Myanmar, historically an important probable origin and route of anti-malarial resistance to the India sub-continent and beyond, is crucial to global malaria control and elimination. This paper describes what is currently known about the sale and distribution of oral artemisinin monotherapy (AMT) across Myanmar, where this medicine is commonly found. METHODS: A nationally representative 2015 outlet survey was conducted in the private sector, and among community health workers across four geographical domains...
April 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434919/a-review-of-dtca-techniques-appraising-their-success-and-potential-impact-on-medication-users
#5
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Ashna Medina Siraj, Louise Curley
BACKGROUND: Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) has been present in some countries for nearly two decades. Its success and ramifications have been examined but not yet cataloged recently in a comprehensive manner. OBJECTIVE: To review existing literature studies on the topic of DTCA techniques to provide an analysis of the current methods considered by drug marketers to enhance the effect of pharmaceutical product promotion and its success, as well as examine ramifications on the drug use process...
April 12, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420773/are-direct-to-consumer-marketing-and-over-the-counter-sale-of-hearing-aids-beneficial-to-patients-with-hearing-loss-a-provider-s-perspective
#6
Kenneth P Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#7
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413254/non-farm-entrepreneurship-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-new-empirical-evidence
#8
Paula Nagler, Wim Naudé
We report on the prevalence and patterns of non-farm enterprises in six sub-Saharan African countries, and study their performance in terms of labor productivity, survival and exit, using the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). Rural households operate enterprises due to both push and pull factors and tend to do so predominantly in easy-to-enter activities, such as sales and trade, rather than in activities that require higher starting costs, such as transport services, or educational investment, such as professional services...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413229/quality-of-maize-for-sale-in-markets-in-benin-and-niger
#9
O N Bakoye, I B Baoua, H Seyni, L Amadou, L L Murdock, D Baributsa
A follow-up study on the quality of maize for sale in West African public markets was carried out in Benin and Niger from August 15-28, 2013. Complementing the earlier study, this present assessment included not only retailers but also wholesalers and maize producers. Samples were evaluated for parameters related to the physical quality of the maize and for aflatoxin contamination. Most maize value chain actors process their offered grain using traditional methods for threshing, winnowing and drying. Maize for sale in the markets surveyed had an average moisture content ranging between 12 and 14%...
March 2017: Journal of Stored Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412327/place-over-traits-purchasing-edibles-from-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-in-los-angeles-ca
#10
Nancy Jo Kepple, Bridget Freisthler
OBJECTIVES: To examine discrete purchasing behaviors of marijuana-infused edibles from medical marijuana dispensaries with the aim to identify potential venue- and individual-level targets for prevention. METHODS: Two-stage, venue-based sampling approach was used to randomly select patrons exiting 16 medical marijuana dispensaries in Los Angeles, California during Spring 2013. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to examine the likelihood of purchasing edibles among 524 patrons reporting a discrete purchase regressed on characteristics of the sampled dispensaries and their patrons...
April 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412133/the-southwest-uk-burns-network-swuk-experience-of-electronic-cigarette-explosions-and-review-of-literature
#11
A Arnaout, H Khashaba, T Dobbs, F Dewi, S Pope-Jones, A Sack, C Estela, D Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: Since the introduction of e-cigarettes to the UK market in 2007 their popularity amongst young adults has significantly increased. These lithium-ion powered devices remain unregulated by the Standards Agency and as a result burns centres across the world have seen an increasing number of patients presenting with significant burns, resulting from poor quality batteries that appear to be liable to explode when over-heated, over-charged or incorrectly stored. METHODS: Retrospective and perspective review of all e-cigarette related burns presenting to the Southwest Burns Network; South Wales Burns Centre (Morriston Hospital) or to Bristol burns centre (Southmead Hospital) between Oct 15-July 16, followed by a review of available literature performed and eligible papers identified using PRISMA 2009 Checklist...
April 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406360/comparing-alcohol-marketing-and-alcohol-warning-message-policies-across-canada
#12
Ashley Wettlaufer, Samantha N Cukier, Norman Giesbrecht
BACKGROUND: In order to reduce harms from alcohol, evidence-based policies are to be introduced and sustained. OBJECTIVES: To facilitate the dissemination of policies that reduce alcohol-related harms by documenting, comparing, and sharing information on effective alcohol polices related to restrictions on alcohol marketing and alcohol warning messaging in 10 Canadian provinces. METHODS: Team members developed measurable indicators to assess policies on (a) restrictions on alcohol marketing, and (b) alcohol warning messaging...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405905/implementation-strategies-to-promote-community-engaged-efforts-to-counter-tobacco-marketing-at-the-point-of-sale
#13
Jennifer Leeman, Allison Myers, Jennifer C Grant, Mary Wangen, Tara L Queen
The US tobacco industry spends $8.2 billion annually on marketing at the point of sale (POS), a practice known to increase tobacco use. Evidence-based policy interventions (EBPIs) are available to reduce exposure to POS marketing, and nationwide, states are funding community-based tobacco control partnerships to promote local enactment of these EBPIs. Little is known, however, about what implementation strategies best support community partnerships' success enacting EBPI. Guided by Kingdon's theory of policy change, Counter Tools provides tools, training, and other implementation strategies to support community partnerships' performance of five core policy change processes: document local problem, formulate policy solutions, engage partners, raise awareness of problems and solutions, and persuade decision makers to enact new policy...
April 12, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402231/a-comparison-of-interventional-approaches-for-increasing-power-take-off-shielding-on-ny-farms
#14
Julie A Sorensen, Pamela J Tinc, Deb Dalton, Erika E Scott, Paul L Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: Power take-off (PTO) driveline entanglements are a primary source of injury on US farms. As with many farm injury concerns, hazard control technology is widely available for mitigating the risk of these entanglements. Despite the availability of hazard control technology, PTO shields are damaged or missing on approximately 57% of PTO driveline implements in New York. Given the catastrophic nature of entanglements and the ready access to safety technology, a better understanding of what motivates farmers to install or replace PTO shields is warranted...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392252/disparities-in-tobacco-marketing-and-product-availability-at-the-point-of-sale-results-of-a-national-study
#15
Kurt M Ribisl, Heather D'Angelo, Ashley L Feld, Nina C Schleicher, Shelley Golden, Douglas A Luke, Lisa Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Neighborhood socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities exist in the amount and type of tobacco marketing at retail, but most studies are limited to a single city or state, and few have examined flavored little cigars. Our purpose is to describe tobacco product availability, marketing, and promotions in a national sample of retail stores and to examine associations with neighborhood characteristics. METHODS: At a national sample of 2230 tobacco retailers in the contiguous US, we collected in-person store audit data on: Availability of products (e...
April 6, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392026/the-emerging-market-for-supplemental-long-term-care-insurance-in-germany-in-the-context-of-the-2013-pflege-bahr-reform
#16
Pamela Nadash, Alison Evans Cuellar
The growing cost of long term care is burdening many countries' health and social care systems, causing them to encourage individuals and families to protect themselves against the financial risk posed by long term care needs. Germany's public long-term care insurance program, which mandates coverage for most Germans, is well-known, but fewer are aware of Germany's growing voluntary, supplemental private long-term care insurance market. This paper discusses German policymakers' 2013 effort to expand it by subsidizing the purchase of qualified policies...
March 21, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371843/availability-price-and-packaging-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-e-liquids-in-guatemala-city-retailers
#17
Violeta Chacon, Astrid Arriaza, Patricia Cavazos, Joaquin Barnoya
Introduction: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have the potential to normalize smoking and undermine tobacco control efforts. However, if well regulated, they also have a potential as smoking cessation aids. This study sought to determine the availability and types of e-cigarettes and e-liquids in Guatemala. We also assessed packaging characteristics and price. Methods: We surveyed a convenient sample of 39 Guatemala City retailers and purchased all e-cigarettes and e-liquids available...
March 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369474/marketing-of-breast-milk-substitutes-in-zambia-evaluation-of-compliance-to-the-international-regulatory-code
#18
P Funduluka, S Bosomprah, R Chilengi, R H Mugode, P A Bwembya, B Mudenda
Background: We sought to assess the level of non-compliance with the International Code of Marketing breast-milk substitutes (BMS) and/or Statutory Instrument (SI) Number 48 of 2006 of the Laws of Zambia in two suburbs, Kalingalinga and Chelstone, in Zambia. Methods: This was a cross sectional survey. Shop owners (80), health workers (8) and mothers (214) were interviewed. BMS labels and advertisements (62) were observed. The primary outcome was mean non-compliance defined as the number of article violations divided by the total 'obtainable' violations...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366598/a-practical-framework-for-regulating-for-profit-recreational-marijuana-in-us-states-lessons-from-colorado-and-washington
#19
John T Carnevale, Raanan Kagan, Patrick J Murphy, Josh Esrick
Despite the federal prohibition against marijuana, state-level recreational use appears to be moving forward. Public opinion is shifting. Following well-publicized state-legalization in Washington and Colorado, states across the US have begun considering similar measures. Since the 2016 election, over 21% of Americans now live in places where recreational marijuana is state-legal, and over 63% of the country permits medical or recreational use at the state level. This paper does not consider whether states should legalize marijuana nor does it weigh all regulatory options available to states...
March 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365192/community-level-policy-responses-to-state-marijuana-legalization-in-washington-state
#20
Julia A Dilley, Laura Hitchcock, Nancy McGroder, Lindsey A Greto, Susan M Richardson
BACKGROUND: Washington State (WA) legalized a recreational marijuana market - including growing, processing and retail sales - through voter initiative 502 in November 2012. Legalized recreational marijuana retail sales began in July 2014. In response to state legalization of recreational marijuana, some cities and counties within the state have passed local ordinances that either further regulated marijuana markets, or banned them completely. The purpose of this study is to describe local-level marijuana regulations on recreational retail sales within the context of a state that had legalized a recreational marijuana market...
March 29, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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