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Sales and marketing

Julie M K Ojango, James Audho, Edwin Oyieng, Maren Radeny, Philip Kimeli, John Recha, Anne W T Muigai
Livestock traders are a key conduit for incentives in livestock production systems. Their actions affect producer prices, investment decisions, and their livelihoods. However, smallholder farmers in rural communities of eastern Africa often have limited understanding of the marketing process and the interactions among market actors. This study was undertaken following the introduction of improved indigenous goat and sheep breeds in Climate Smart Villages of Nyando in western Kenya. We sought to understand the marketing of sheep and goats in five key rural markets used by the smallholder farmers of Nyando, to generate information on key market actors, their functions in the value chain, and their preferences for attributes in sheep and goats...
June 18, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Sara Antonio Dimaria, Hélène Schwartz, Christèle Icard-Vernière, Christian Picq, Noël Marie Zagre, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
Adequate complementary foods are needed to help reduce the high prevalence of stunting in children in many Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). We assessed the availability, affordability, and nutrient adequacy of imported and locally produced processed cereal-based blends (PCBBs), marketed as complementary food for young children in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Senegal. In total, 19 local producers and 275 points of sale in the four countries were surveyed to evaluate the quantities and accessibility of PCBBs...
June 18, 2018: Nutrients
Dirk-Jan A van Mourik, Math J J M Candel, Gera E Nagelhout, Marc C Willemsen, Geoffrey T Fong, Karin Hummel, Bas van den Putte, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Displaying tobacco products at point-of-sale (PoS) has become an important marketing strategy for the tobacco industry. This study was designed to (1) examine how support for a PoS cigarette display ban changed among Dutch smokers between 2010 and 2015 and (2) identify the variables that predict support among smokers for a PoS cigarette display ban. METHODS: Longitudinal data from six annual survey waves (2010-2015) from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Netherlands Survey were analyzed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
James Martin, Jack Cunliffe, David Décary-Hétu, Judith Aldridge
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect on the trade in opioids through online illicit markets ("cryptomarkets") of the US Drug Enforcement Administration's ruling in 2014 to reschedule hydrocodone combination products. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis. SETTING: 31 of the world's largest cryptomarkets operating from October 2013 to July 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The proportion of total transactions, advertised and active listings for prescription opioids, prescription sedatives, prescription steroids, prescription stimulants, and illicit opioids, and the composition of the prescription opioid market between the US and elsewhere...
June 13, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Rubina Canesi, Giuliano Marella
This paper reports data describing Real Estate (RE) distressed market, focusing on properties foreclosures occurred in North-East Italy. A survey was carried out consulting financial institutions, courts of law and different associations of public notaries. The aim of this survey was to record RE auctions, collecting technical and socio-economic features. The novelties of this survey are mainly two. The first consists in the dataset itself, due to the difficult in collecting such type of data in the Italian scenario...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Stephen Randerson, Sally Casswell, Taisia Huckle
AIM: To assess the impact of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 (SSAA) on the alcohol environment from 2013 to 2015. METHOD: A mixed methods study incorporating key informant interviews and administrative data to assess changes between 2013 and 2015. Perceptions of the alcohol environment, policy enforcement and policy compliance were thematically analysed and quantitative ratings summarised. Concurrent changes to drink driving law were included. RESULTS: The SSAA led to a slight reduction in very late night availability in urban centres via the national 4am limit for on-licensed premises trading, which had strong compliance and enforcement...
June 8, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Philippe Bourgois
The cultural and political-economic valences of psychoactive drugs in the Global South offer critical insights on local and international fault lines of social inequality and profiteering. Historically, in a classic primitive accumulation process the trafficking of industrially produced euphoric substances across the globe have wreaked havoc among vulnerable populations while extracting profit for the powerful. The complex flows of capital generated both by illegal addiction markets and also by the mobilisation of licit public funds to manage their mayhem, however, suggest the contemporary utility of the concept of 'predatory accumulation'...
2018: Third World Quarterly
Shukrullah Ahmadi, Suzanne Maman, Roméo Zoumenou, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Philippe Glorennec, Florence Bodeau-Livinec
Human consumption of animal meat killed by lead ammunition has been reported as a risk factor for elevated blood lead levels. However, little is known about how meat killed by lead ammunition is hunted, prepared, sold, and consumed. We explored the process from hunting to consumption within communities in Benin from the perspective of preventive measures. We conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with hunters ( n = 9) and sellers ( n = 8) of bushmeat and families ( n = 21) as consumers of bushmeat killed by lead ammunition...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Thomas W Ferkol, Harold J Farber, Stefania La Grutta, Frank T Leone, Henry M Marshall, Enid Neptune, Charlotta Pisinger, Aneesa Vanker, Myra Wisotzky, Gustavo E Zabert, Dean E Schraufnagel
Children and adolescents are highly susceptible to nicotine addiction, which affects their brain development, even in those who smoke infrequently. Young people who become addicted to nicotine are at greater risk of becoming lifelong tobacco consumers. The use of nicotine-delivering electronic cigarettes has risen dramatically among youths worldwide. In addition to physical dependence, adolescents are susceptible to social and environmental influences to use electronic cigarettes. The product design, flavours, marketing, and perception of safety and acceptability have increased the appeal of electronic cigarettes to young people, thus leading to new generations addicted to nicotine...
May 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Rachel J L Prowse, Patti-Jean Naylor, Dana Lee Olstad, Valerie Carson, Louise C Mâsse, Kate Storey, Sara F L Kirk, Kim D Raine
BACKGROUND: Current methods for evaluating food marketing to children often study a single marketing channel or approach. As the World Health Organization urges the removal of unhealthy food marketing in children's settings, methods that comprehensively explore the exposure and power of food marketing within a setting from multiple marketing channels and approaches are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the inter-rater reliability and the validity of a novel settings-based food marketing audit tool...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
G Reid, R Kort, S Alvarez, R Bourdet-Sicard, V Benoit, M Cunningham, D M Saulnier, J E T van Hylckama Vlieg, H Verstraelen, W Sybesma
The rapid rise in microbiome and probiotic science has led to estimates of product creation and sales exceeding $50 billion within five years. However, many people do not have access to affordable products, and regulatory agencies have stifled progress. The objective of a discussion group at the 2017 meeting of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics was to identify mechanisms to confer the benefits of probiotics to a larger portion of the world's population. Three initiatives, built around fermented food, were discussed with different methods of targeting populations that face enormous challenges of malnutrition, infectious disease, poverty and violent conflict...
May 25, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
Naeem Gul Gilal, Jing Zhang, Faheem Gul Gilal
Background: Previous investigations of product design broadly link aesthetic, functional, and symbolic designs to sales growth, high turnover, and market share. However, the effect of product design dimensions on consumer willingness-to-buy (WTB) and word-of-mouth (WOM) is virtually ignored by consumer researchers. Similarly, whether the consumption experience can differentiate the effect of the three product design dimensions on WTB and WOM is completely unknown. Using categorization theory as a lens, our study aims to explore the effect of product design dimensions on consumer WTB and WOM directly and indirectly through the moderation of the consumption experience...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Diana Cardenas, Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky
BACKGROUND: Multi-level marketing (MLM) of nutrition products has experienced dramatic growth in recent decades. 'Wellness' is the second most popular niche in the MLM industry and represents 35% of sales among all the products in 2016. This category includes dietary supplements, weight management and sports nutrition products. The aim of this paper is to analyse whether this practice is legal and ethical. METHODS: An analysis of available documentary information about the legal aspects of Multi-level marketing business was performed...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Marie Morelato, Julian Broséus, Adrian De Grazia, Mark Tahtouh, Pierre Esseiva, Claude Roux
Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragmented nature of traces that result from illegal activities, combining the results of concurrent processes based on traces of different nature should provide supplementary benefit to understand the drug market...
May 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
Heng Jiang, Xiaojun Xiang, Wei Hao, Robin Room, Xiaojie Zhang, Xuyi Wang
Background: The paper reviews alcohol consumption patterns and alcohol-related social and health issues among 15-29-year old young people in Asian countries, and discusses strategies for preventing and controlling alcohol use and related harms. Methods: We searched Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science for reports, reviews and journal articles published in English between 1st Jan 1990 and 31st August 2016. Results: Forty-one reports, reviews and journal papers were identified and included in the final review...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
Vikas Chandrashekhar Ghattargi, Swapnil H Kalam, Sumeet S Pandit, Shrikant P Pawar, Yogesh S Shouche
A cross-sectional survey was conducted across 320 chemists shop in Pune city for their availability and labeling practices. The questionnaire revealed the data about the most sold probiotic preparations, their mode of sale, and their available forms such as tablet, capsule, and sachet. Top ten probiotic preparations were evaluated for labeling practice as per the existing regulations of the Indian Council of Medical Research-Department of Biotechnology, Indian guidelines. Majority of probiotic preparations were listing the best before date, viability, probiotic organisms, net quantity, and batch number, but none of them mentioned the health claims...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Christine D Czoli, Maciej L Goniewicz, Mary Palumbo, Christine M White, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Although several countries, including Canada, have prohibited the sale of nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, there is little evidence examining the impact of such regulatory measures on nicotine content and labelling. METHODS: E-cigarettes were systematically purchased at 80 retail outlets across 4 cities in Ontario, Canada in January-February 2015. Products' nicotine content and labelling accuracy were assessed using gas chromatography. RESULTS: A total of 166 e-cigarette products were purchased, including disposable products (33%), refillable products (14%), and e-liquids (53%)...
May 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Yao Fu, Jin-Chao Yang, Antony Balfour Cunningham, Alexandra Maria Towns, Yu Zhang, Hua-Ying Yang, Jian-Wen Li, Xue-Fei Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal teas have long been consumed by Chinese people for preventive and/or therapeutic healthcare. Although herbal teas are widely consumed by many cultural groups in different regions of China, no thorough review has been undertaken to assess the diversity of the country's herbal tea usage. This literature review, complemented by a quantitative survey in an important tea market in Kunming, begins to fill this knowledge gap. AIMS OF THE STUDY: The study aims to summarize the current knowledge of plant species used as herbal teas by different cultural groups in different regions of China, with a focus on the teas' perceived traditional healthcare functions, related phytochemical/pharmaceutical research, and safety issues...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mark Keiper, Timothy Donovan, Matthew DeVries
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability to successfully develop and institute a comprehensive health care economics skills curriculum in radiology residency training utilizing didactic lectures, case scenario exercises, and residency miniretreats. METHODS: A comprehensive health care economics skills curriculum was developed to significantly expand upon the basic ACGME radiology residency milestone System-Based Practice, SBP2: Health Care Economics requirements and include additional education in business and contract negotiation, radiology sales and marketing, and governmental and private payers' influence in the practice of radiology...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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