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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240728/state-laws-regarding-indoor-public-use-retail-sales-and-prices-of-electronic-cigarettes-u-s-states-guam-puerto-rico-and-u-s-virgin-islands-september-30-2017
#1
Kristy Marynak, Brandon Kenemer, Brian A King, Michael A Tynan, Allison MacNeil, Elizabeth Reimels
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most frequently used tobacco product among U.S. youths, and past 30-day e-cigarette use is more prevalent among high school students than among adults (1,2). E-cigarettes typically deliver nicotine, and the U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that nicotine exposure during adolescence can cause addiction and can harm the developing adolescent brain (2). Through authority granted by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prohibits e-cigarette sales to minors, free samples, and vending machine sales, except in adult-only facilities (3)...
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237032/the-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-marijuana-retail-surveillance-tool-mrst-assessing-marketing-and-point-of-sale-practices-among-recreational-marijuana-retailers
#2
Carla J Berg, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Gillian L Schauer, Bridget Freisthler
As recreational marijuana expands, it is critical to develop standardized surveillance measures to study the retail environment. To this end, our research team developed and piloted a tool assessing recreational marijuana retailers in a convenience sample of 20 Denver retailers in 2016. The tool assesses: (i) compliance and security (e.g. age-of-sale signage, ID checks, security cameras); (ii) marketing (i.e. promotions, product availability and price) and (iii) contextual and neighborhood features (i.e. retailer type, facilities nearby)...
December 11, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234483/the-influence-of-emerging-markets-on-the-pharmaceutical-industry
#3
REVIEW
Maya Tannoury, Zouhair Attieh
Emerging markets represent an exceptional opportunity for the pharmaceutical industry. Although a precise definition is not yet available, economists define emerging markets as developing prosperous countries in which investment is expected to result in higher income despite high risks. Qualifying a market as emerging is not merely based on the economic status of the country, but also on several criteria that render the definition applicable to each country. Jim O'Neil, retired chairman of asset management at Goldman Sachs, identified leading economies of emerging markets: Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) and later Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) and then Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, and Turkey (MIST), which followed years later as the second tier of nations...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229655/new-zealand-policy-experts-appraisal-of-interventions-to-reduce-smoking-in-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#4
Jude Ball, Janet Hoek, El Shadan Tautolo, Heather Gifford
OBJECTIVES: Reducing smoking in young adults, particularly young Māori and Pacific, is vital for reducing tobacco harm and health inequalities in New Zealand (NZ). We investigated how NZ policy experts appraised the feasibility and likely effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce smoking prevalence among 18-24 year olds. DESIGN: We used a qualitative design, conducting semistructured interviews and applying thematic analysis. PARTICIPANTS: We interviewed 15 key informants, including politicians, senior policy analysts and leading tobacco control advocates...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222108/illicit-cigarette-sales-in-indian-cities-findings-from-a-retail-survey
#5
Rijo M John, Hana Ross
OBJECTIVE: To estimate illicit cigarette consumption in India using a modified and replicable method and compare it with estimates generated by the tobacco industry and by a commercial entity. METHODS: The study employed a modified approach to cigarette pack analysis suitable for countries with prevalent single-cigarette sales. Empty cigarette packs generated by 1 day's single-cigarette sales were collected directly from cigarette vendors in four large and four small cities covering the length and breadth of India...
December 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#6
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198740/early-transmissible-ampicillin-resistance-in-zoonotic-salmonella-enterica-serotype-typhimurium-in-the-late-1950s-a-retrospective-whole-genome-sequencing-study
#7
Alicia Tran-Dien, Simon Le Hello, Christiane Bouchier, François-Xavier Weill
BACKGROUND: Ampicillin, the first semi-synthetic penicillin active against Enterobacteriaceae, was released onto the market in 1961. The first outbreaks of disease caused by ampicillin-resistant strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium were identified in the UK in 1962 and 1964. We aimed to date the emergence of this resistance in historical isolates of S enterica serotype Typhimurium. METHODS: In this retrospective, whole-genome sequencing study, we analysed 288 S enterica serotype Typhimurium isolates collected between 1911 and 1969 from 31 countries on four continents and from various sources including human beings, animals, feed, and food...
November 29, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194392/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-promote-healthy-menu-items-for-children-the-kids-choice-restaurant-program
#8
Guadalupe X Ayala, Iana A Castro, Julie L Pickrel, Shih-Fan Lin, Christine B Williams, Hala Madanat, Hee-Jin Jun, Michelle Zive
Evidence indicates that restaurant-based interventions have the potential to promote healthier purchasing and improve the nutrients consumed. This study adds to this body of research by reporting the results of a trial focused on promoting the sale of healthy child menu items in independently owned restaurants. Eight pair-matched restaurants that met the eligibility criteria were randomized to a menu-only versus a menu-plus intervention condition. Both of the conditions implemented new healthy child menu items and received support for implementation for eight weeks...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190753/children-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-energy-drinks-a-qualitative-study
#9
Shelina Visram, Stephen J Crossley, Mandy Cheetham, Amelia Lake
BACKGROUND: Consumption of soft drinks is declining in many countries, yet energy drink sales continue to increase, particularly amongst young consumers. Little is currently known about the drivers behind these trends. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine, and evidence indicates that regular or heavy use by under 18s is likely to be detrimental to health. This study aimed to explore children and young people's attitudes and perceptions in relation to energy drinks in a UK context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174665/pro-tobacco-advertisement-exposure-among-african-american-smokers-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#10
Cendrine D Robinson, Christine Muench, Emily Brede, Romano Endrighi, Edwin H Szeto, Joanna R Sells, John P Lammers, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Grant Izmirlian, Andrew J Waters
INTRODUCTION: Many African Americans live in communities with a disproportionately high density of tobacco advertisements compared to Whites. Some research indicates that point-of-sale advertising is associated with impulse purchases of cigarettes and smoking. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) can be used to examine associations between tobacco advertisement exposure and smoking variables in the natural environment. METHODS: Non-treatment seeking African American smokers were given a mobile device for 2weeks (N=56)...
October 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174614/marketing-and-testosterone-treatment-in-the-usa-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jathin Bandari, Omar M Ayyash, Sherry L Emery, Charles B Wessel, Benjamin J Davies
CONTEXT: Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration only for classic hypogonadism, although off-label indications have resulted in a dramatic expansion in prescriptions in the USA. Marketing may significantly affect prescriber behavior. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all available evidence on marketing and TRT in the USA. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Embase, and Scopus were searched up to July 2017 for all relevant publications reporting on assessments of the TRT market size, economic costs associated with hypogonadism, trends in TRT prescriptions, drug discontinuation rates, and advertising and sales efforts in the USA...
November 22, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165892/assays-for-estimating-hiv-incidence-updated-global-market-assessment-and-estimated-economic-value
#12
Charles S Morrison, Rick Homan, Natasha Mack, Pairin Seepolmuang, Megan Averill, Jamilah Taylor, Jennifer Osborn, Peter Dailey, Neil Parkin, Stefano Ongarello, Timothy D Mastro
INTRODUCTION: Accurate incidence estimates are needed to characterize the HIV epidemic and guide prevention efforts. HIV Incidence assays are cost-effective laboratory assays that provide incidence estimates from cross-sectional surveys. We conducted a global market assessment of HIV incidence assays under three market scenarios and estimated the economic value of improved incidence assays. METHODS: We interviewed 27 stakeholders, and reviewed journal articles, working group proceedings, and manufacturers' sales figures...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164141/replacement-beef-cow-valuation-under-data-availability-constraints
#13
Amy D Hagerman, Jada M Thompson, Charlotte Ham, Kamina K Johnson
Economists are often tasked with estimating the benefits or costs associated with livestock production losses; however, lack of available data or absence of consistent reporting can reduce the accuracy of these valuations. This work looks at three potential estimation techniques for determining the value for replacement beef cows with varying types of market data to proxy constrained data availability and discusses the potential margin of error for each technique. Oklahoma bred replacement cows are valued using hedonic pricing based on Oklahoma bred cow data-a best case scenario-vector error correction modeling (VECM) based on national cow sales data and cost of production (COP) based on just a representative enterprise budget and very limited sales data...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161062/exposure-to-marijuana-marketing-after-legalization-of-retail-sales-oregonians-experiences-2015-2016
#14
Steven C Fiala, Julia A Dilley, Caislin L Firth, Julie E Maher
OBJECTIVES: To assess exposure to marijuana advertising in Oregon after the start of retail marijuana sales in October 2015. METHODS: We conducted a repeated cross-sectional online survey of 4001 Oregon adults aged 18 years and older in November 2015 and April-May 2016. We assessed subgroup differences by using the Pearson χ(2) test. RESULTS: More than half of adults (54.8%) statewide reported seeing marijuana advertising in the past month...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158653/incentivizing-fruit-and-vegetable-purchasers-at-fresh-markets-in-lower-9th-ward-new-orleans
#15
Rashida Ferdinand, Rosamar Torres, Jennifer Scott, Imran Saeed, Richard Scribner
Objective: Disparities in fruit and vegetable consumption have been observed across income and race-ethnicity and shown to be associated with both access to fresh food venues and price. This study assesses the feasibility of increasing produce consumption by incentivizing fruit and vegetable purchases at local markets. Design: We conducted analyses of a cross-sectional survey of program participants and point-of-sale reports on fruit and vegetable purchases at the fresh food markets...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151367/surveillance-of-the-armed-forces-as-a-sentinel-system-for-detecting-adverse-effects-of-dietary-supplements-in-the-general-population
#16
Harris R Lieberman, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina
OBJECTIVE: Half the US population takes dietary supplements, but surveillance systems available to regulatory and public health authorities to determine whether specific dietary supplements present a risk are inadequate and numerous severe injuries and deaths have occurred from their consumption. Uniformed military personnel regularly use dietary supplements and are more likely to use potentially dangerous supplements than civilians. Recently, the supplement 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA) was marketed for physical performance-enhancement and weight loss...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149332/kidney-sales-and-market-regulation-a-reply-to-semrau
#17
Julian J Koplin
Luke Semrau argues that the documented harms of existing organ markets do not undermine the case for establishing regulated systems of paid kidney donation. He offers two arguments in support of this conclusion. First, Semrau argues that the harms of kidney selling are straightforwardly amenable to regulatory solution. Second, Semrau argues that even in existing black markets, sellers would likely have experienced greater harm if the option of selling a kidney were not available. This commentary challenges both of Semrau's claims...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148876/food-safety-at-farmers-markets-a-knowledge-synthesis-of-published-research
#18
Ian Young, Abhinand Thaivalappil, Danielle Reimer, Judy Greig
Farmers' markets are increasingly popular venues in North America for the sale of fresh produce and other foods. However, the nature of their operation can present possible food safety issues, challenges, and risks to consumers. A knowledge synthesis was conducted to identify, characterize, and summarize published research on the microbial food safety issues and implications associated with farmers' markets. A scoping review was conducted using the following steps: comprehensive search strategy, relevance screening of abstracts, and characterization of relevant articles...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147089/multiple-regression-analysis-to-estimate-the-unit-price-of-hanwoo-bos-taurus-coreanae-beef
#19
Seung-Hoon Eum, Hu-Rak Park, Jakyeom Seo, Seong-Keun Cho, Sun-Jin Hur, Byeong-Woo Kim
This study were estimated the contribution of carcass traits to unit price, to analyze the marbling score as a categorical variable rather than a numerical variable, and to develop an optimal model that also includes the holiday effect and the raising period. The data for this study were acquired from the Quality Evaluation of the Korea Institute for Animal Products, and consisted of the trading records of 1,613,699 heads at 12 wholesale markets from 2010 to 2014. The unit price of a cow was estimated from the following parameters: -52...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126126/exposure-to-point-of-sale-marketing-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-as-predictors-of-smoking-cessation-behaviors
#20
Dale S Mantey, Keryn E Pasch, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction: Cue-reactivity theory suggests smoking-related visual cues such as point-of-sale (POS) marketing (e.g., advertising, product displays) may undermine cessation attempts by causing an increase in nicotine cravings among users. This study examined the relationship between recall of exposure to POS marketing and subsequent cessation behaviors among young adult cigarette smokers. Methods: Participants included 813 18-29 year old (m=21.1, sd=2.70) current cigarette smokers attending 24 Texas colleges...
November 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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