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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449876/authenticity-analyses-of-rhizoma-paridis-using-barcoding-coupled-with-high-resolution-melting-bar-hrm-analysis-to-control-its-quality-for-medicinal-plant-product
#1
Bao-Zhong Duan, Ya-Ping Wang, Hai-Lan Fang, Chao Xiong, Xi-Wen Li, Ping Wang, Shi-Lin Chen
Background: Rhizoma Paridis (Chonglou) is a commonly used and precious traditional Chinese medicine. Paris polyphylla Smith var. yunnanensis (Franch.) Hand. -Mazz. and Paris polyphylla Smith var . chinensis (Franch.) Hara are the two main sources of Chonglou under the monograph of Rhizoma Paridis in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. In the local marketplace, however, this medicine is prone to be accidentally contaminated, deliberately substituted or admixed with other species that are similar to Rhizoma Paridis in shape and color...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448092/investigation-on-bisphenol-a-levels-in-human-milk-and-dairy-supply-chain-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Raffaelina Mercogliano, Serena Santonicola
Bisphenol A (BPA), widely used as additive in food packaging, is an environmental and food contaminant that shows a weak estrogenic activity in general population and toxicity in the infant population. A temporary tolerable daily intake (t-TDI) of 4 μg/kg bw/day and a migration limit of 0.6 mg/kg in food from plastic materials, intended to come in contact with food, were fixed. Dietary milk is important in the human diet. The review investigated the contamination levels in human milk and along the dairy supply chain...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447356/barriers-to-the-availability-and-accessibility-of-controlled-medicines-for-chronic-pain-in-africa
#3
Elmang Nchako, Scottie Bussell, Carlos Nesbeth, Chisom Odoh
Africans endure a high burden of pain and suffering from HIV/AIDS and cancer, yet receive a meager amount of the world's pain medication. This tragedy occurs needlessly, given that inexpensive, effective and easily administered interventions are available. WHO has a 'three-step analgesic ladder' framework for managing cancer pain. This widely adopted clinical practice guideline is an integral part of palliative care programs and has also been applied to non-cancer pain. However, untreated pain is a major public health problem due to the discordance between scientific evidence and public policy...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445899/aquarium-trade-supply-chain-losses-of-marine-invertebrates-originating-from-papua-new-guinea
#4
Thane A Militz, Jeff Kinch, Paul C Southgate
A major difficulty in managing live organism wildlife trade is often the reliance on trade data to monitor exploitation of wild populations. Harvested organisms that die or are discarded before a point of sale are regularly not reported. For the global marine aquarium trade, identifying supply-chain losses is necessary to more accurately assess exploitation from trade data. We examined quality control rejections and mortality of marine invertebrates (Asteroidea, Gastropoda, Malacostraca, Ophiuroidea) moving through the Papua New Guinea marine aquarium supply-chain, from fisher to importer...
February 14, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445774/an-evaluation-of-immunization-services-using-the-reaching-every-district-criteria-in-two-districts-of-gujarat-india
#5
J P Montgomery, P Ganguly, B F Carlson, N Shrivastwa, M L Boulton
Background: Immunizations are considered the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions employed today. While immunization coverage in India has improved dramatically in the last decade, areas of very low coverage persist. The University of Michigan School of Public Health and the Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar collaborated to document strengths and weaknesses of immunization service delivery in two districts in India. Methods: This report describes a qualitative assessment of clinic level immunization service delivery in ten primary health centers (PHCs) located in two districts of Gujarat, India...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445453/the-european-falsified-medicines-directive-in-poland-background-implementation-and-potential-recommendations-for-pharmacists
#6
Piotr Merks, Damian Swieczkowski, Michal Byliniak, Mariola Drozd, Katarzyna Krupa, Milosz Jaguszewski, David A Brindley, Bernard D Naughton
By February 2019, the Polish pharmaceutical industry, community and hospital pharmacies, wholesalers and parallel traders must all comply with the EU-wide Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) legislation (2011/62/EU), to ensure that no medicinal product is dispensed to a patient without proper tracking and authentication. Here we describe how Poland is complying with the new EU regulations, the actions that have been taken to incorporate the FMD into Polish Pharmaceutical Law and whether or not these actions are sufficient...
January 2018: European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444994/life-cycle-assessment-of-cleanroom-coveralls-reusable-and-disposable
#7
Eric Vozzola, Michael Overcash, Evan Griffing
Cleanroom garments serve a critical role in such industries as pharmaceuticals, life sciences, and semiconductor manufacturing. These textiles are available in reusable and disposable alternatives. In this report, the environmental sustainability of cleanroom coveralls is examined using life cycle assessment technology. The complete supply chain, manufacture, use, and end-of-life phases for reusable and disposable cleanroom coveralls are compared on a cradle-to-end-of-life cycle basis. Three industry representative coveralls are examined: a reusable woven polyethylene terephthalate (PET) coverall, a disposable flash spunbonded high density polyethylene (HDPE) coverall, and a disposable spunbond-meltblown-spunbond polypropylene (SMS PP) coverall...
February 14, 2018: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440420/companies-contribution-to-sustainability-through-global-supply-chains
#8
Tannis Thorlakson, Joann F de Zegher, Eric F Lambin
Global supply chains play a critical role in many of the most pressing environmental stresses and social struggles identified by the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Responding to calls from the global community, companies are adopting a variety of voluntary practices to improve the environmental and/or social management of their suppliers' activities. We develop a global survey of 449 publicly listed companies in the food, textile, and wood-products sectors with annual reports in English to provide insight into how the private sector contributes to advancing the SDGs via such sustainable-sourcing practices...
February 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434537/how-can-a-ketogenic-diet-improve-motor-function
#9
REVIEW
Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex, Pascal Reynier, Vincent Procaccio, Rudolf Hergesheimer, Philippe Corcia, Christian R Andres, Hélène Blasco
A ketogenic diet (KD) is a normocaloric diet composed by high fat (80-90%), low carbohydrate, and low protein consumption that induces fasting-like effects. KD increases ketone body (KBs) production and its concentration in the blood, providing the brain an alternative energy supply that enhances oxidative mitochondrial metabolism. In addition to its profound impact on neuro-metabolism and bioenergetics, the neuroprotective effect of specific polyunsaturated fatty acids and KBs involves pleiotropic mechanisms, such as the modulation of neuronal membrane excitability, inflammation, or reactive oxygen species production...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433787/fruits-and-vegetables-as-a-source-of-nutritional-compounds-and-phytochemicals-changes-in-bioactive-compounds-during-lactic-fermentation
#10
Axelle Septembre-Malaterre, Fabienne Remize, Patrick Poucheret
Nutritional recommendations emphasize fruit and vegetable consumption. This is related to health-benefits associated with bioactive nutritive molecules (nutrients, vitamins, minerals, fibers, …) as well as non-nutritive phytochemicals (phenolic compounds, flavonoids, bioactive peptides, …) content of these types of foods. Fermented fruit or vegetable products are part of various diets worldwide. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation is common among the various fermentation processes used. It produces changes in both profile and types of bioactive compounds...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433781/emerging-trends-in-european-food-diets-and-food-industry
#11
F G Santeramo, D Carlucci, B De Devitiis, A Seccia, A Stasi, R Viscecchia, G Nardone
Understanding how an adequate food security may be determined, how nutritional intakes evolve over time and are influenced by global dynamics are few of the questions scholars are trying to answer. In addition, a great interest is devoted to the changes in consumers' preferences and expectations as well as to the analysis of food innovations and their impact on the global market. We review the recent and emerging trends in food supply chains of selected sectors (fruits and vegetables, meat, and seafood), and deepen on emerging trends in the food industry...
February 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433290/salmonella-escherichia-coli-and-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-peanut-supply-chain-from-farm-to-table
#12
M S Nascimento, J A Carminati, I C R N Silva, D L Silva, A O Bernardi, M V Copetti
Due to recent foodborne outbreaks, peanuts have been considered a potential risk for Salmonella transmission. For this reason, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and contamination load of Salmonella, Escherichia coli and Enterobacteriaceae throughout the peanut supply chain in Brazil. Samples of peanuts and peanut-containing processed products from post-harvest (n=129), secondary processing (n=185) and retail market (n=100) were analyzed. The results showed high Enterobacteriaceae counts in the post-harvest samples...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428753/effect-of-dietary-fish-oil-supplements-alone-or-in-combination-with-sunflower-and-linseed-oil-on-ruminal-lipid-metabolism-and-bacterial-populations-in-lactating-cows
#13
P Kairenius, H Leskinen, V Toivonen, S Muetzel, S Ahvenjärvi, A Vanhatalo, P Huhtanen, R J Wallace, K J Shingfield
Fish oil (FO) alters ruminal biohydrogenation causing trans fatty acid (FA) intermediates to accumulate, but the effects of 18-carbon polyunsaturated FA supply on ruminal long-chain FA metabolism and microbial communities in cattle fed FO are not well established. Four cows fitted with rumen cannula were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square with 21-d experimental periods to evaluate the effects of FO alone or in combination with plant oils high in 18:2n-6 or 18:3n-3 on rumen microbial ecology and flow of FA at the omasum...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427893/ghana-s-community-based-primary-health-care-why-women-and-children-are-disadvantaged-by-its-implementation
#14
Roger A Atinga, Irene Akua Agyepong, Reuben K Esena
Policy analysis on why women and children in low- and middle-income settings are still disadvantaged by access to appropriate care despite Primary Health Care (PHC) programmes implementation is limited. Drawing on the street-level bureaucracy theory, we explored how and why frontline providers (FLP) actions on their own and in interaction with health system factors shape Ghana's community-based PHC implementation to the disadvantage of women and children accessing and using health services. This was a qualitative study conducted in 4 communities drawn from rural and urban districts of the Upper West region...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425131/phenotypic-and-genotypic-analysis-of-antimicrobial-resistance-among-listeria-monocytogenes-isolated-from-australian-food-production-chains
#15
Annaleise Wilson, Jessica Gray, P Scott Chandry, Edward M Fox
The current global crisis of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) among important human bacterial pathogens has been amplified by an increased resistance prevalence. In recent years, a number of studies have reported higher resistance levels among Listeria monocytogenes isolates, which may have implications for treatment of listeriosis infection where resistance to key treatment antimicrobials is noted. This study examined the genotypic and phenotypic AMR patterns of 100 L. monocytogenes isolates originating from food production supplies in Australia and examined this in the context of global population trends...
February 9, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425040/controlled-gas-uptake-in-metal-organic-frameworks-with-record-ammonia-sorption
#16
Adam J Rieth, Mircea Dinca
Ammonia is a vital commodity in our food supply chain, but its toxicity and corrosiveness require advanced protection and mitigation. These needs are not met efficiently by current materials, which suffer from either low capacity or low affinity for NH3. Here, we report that a series of microporous triazolate metal-organic frameworks containing open metal sites exhibit record static and dynamic ammonia capacities. Under equilibrium conditions at 1 bar the materials adsorb up to 19.79 mmol NH3 g-1, more than twice the capacity of activated carbon, the industry standard...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424050/salmonella-and-campylobacter-biofilm-formation-a-comparative-assessment-from-farm-to-fork
#17
REVIEW
Alexandre Lamas, Patricia Regal, Beatriz Vázquez, José M Miranda, Alberto Cepeda, Carlos M Franco
It takes several steps to bring food from the farm to the fork (dining table), and contamination with food-borne pathogens can occur at any point in the process. Campylobacter spp. and Salmonella spp. are the main microorganisms responsible for foodborne disease in the European Union. These two pathogens are able to persist throughout the food supply chain thanks to their ability to form biofilms. Owing to the high prevalence of Salmonella and especially of Campylobacter in the food supply chain and the huge efforts of food authorities to reduce these levels, it is of great importance to fully understand their mechanisms of persistence...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423781/older-patients-compliance-with-drug-storage-recommendations
#18
Nicolaas D Vlieland, Bart J F van den Bemt, Charlotte L Bekker, Marcel L Bouvy, Toine C G Egberts, Helga Gardarsdottir
BACKGROUND: Whereas storage conditions are regulated and closely monitored in every stage of the drug supply chain before drug dispensing, it is unknown if patients store drugs at home according to storage recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate how older patients store their prescription drugs at home and to what extent they comply with drug storage recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study between October 2015 and March 2016...
February 8, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421465/rethinking-health-sector-procurement-as-developmental-linkages-in-east-africa
#19
Maureen Mackintosh, Paula Tibandebage, Mercy Karimi Njeru, Joan Kariuki Kungu, Caroline Israel, Phares G M Mujinja
Health care forms a large economic sector in all countries, and procurement of medicines and other essential commodities necessarily creates economic linkages between a country's health sector and local and international industrial development. These procurement processes may be positive or negative in their effects on populations' access to appropriate treatment and on local industrial development, yet procurement in low and middle income countries (LMICs) remains under-studied: generally analysed, when addressed at all, as a public sector technical and organisational challenge rather than a social and economic element of health system governance shaping its links to the wider economy...
January 31, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413678/a-supply-chain-approach-to-improving-the-shelf-life-of-lamb-meat-vitamin-e-concentration-electrical-stimulation-ageing-period-and-packaging-system
#20
Cameron G Jose, Robin H Jacob, David W Pethick, Graham E Gardner
This study investigated the effects of vitamin E, electrical stimulation, aging and packaging system on the colour stability of lamb meat. Eighty crossbred wether lambs, 6-8months old were fed on either vitamin E or control pelleted diet for 31days prior to slaughter. Half of the carcases from each group were electrically stimulated before being split longitudinally into 2. Each side was randomly allocated 1 of the 4 aging periods (5days fresh, 10, 20 and 30days CO2). Muscle samples were set for retail display, after the respective aging period, colour was measured over 96h...
January 25, 2018: Meat Science
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