keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical activity in stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326899/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-exercise-rehabilitation-program-on-walking-capacity-and-functionality-after-a-stroke
#1
Montserrat Grau Pellicer, Andrés Chamarro Lusar, Josep Medina Casanovas, Bernat-Carles Serdà Ferrer
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal exercise rehabilitation program on walking speed, walking ability and activities of daily living (ADLs) among people who had suffered a stroke. Thirty-one stroke survivors who had completed a conventional rehabilitation program voluntarily participated in the study. Twenty-six participants completed the multimodal exercise rehabilitation program (2 days/wk, 1 hr/session). Physical outcome measures were: walking speed (10-m walking test), walking ability (6-min walking test and functional ambulation classification) and ADLs (Barthel Index)...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322861/community-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#2
Steven Wesselhoff, Timothy A Hanke, Christian C Evans
Background Stroke is the leading cause of severe disability and many survivors report long-term physical or cognitive impairments that may impact their ability to achieve community mobility (CM). PURPOSE: To determine the extent to which people with chronic stroke achieve CM compared to age-matched norms or non-neurologically impaired controls. Methods The StrokEDGE outcome measures were searched to identify validated tools that included >25% of items addressing CM. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane databases were searched from 2001 to 2015 with the identified outcome measures cross-referenced against search terms related to stroke and CM...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321134/efficacy-of-a-chronic-care-based-intervention-on-secondary-stroke-prevention-among-vulnerable-stroke-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Eric M Cheng, William E Cunningham, Amytis Towfighi, Nerses Sanossian, Robert J Bryg, Thomas L Anderson, Frances Barry, Susan M Douglas, Lillie Hudson, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Jeffrey J Guterman, Sandra Gross-Schulman, Sylvia Beanes, Andrea S Jones, Honghu Liu, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Disparities of care among stroke survivors are well documented. Effective interventions to improve recurrent stroke preventative care in vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomized controlled trial, we tested the efficacy of components of a chronic care model-based intervention versus usual care among 404 subjects having an ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack within 90 days of enrollment and receiving care within the Los Angeles public healthcare system...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313363/effectiveness-acceptability-and-usefulness-of-mobile-applications-for-cardiovascular-disease-self-management-systematic-review-with-meta-synthesis-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#4
Genevieve M Coorey, Lis Neubeck, John Mulley, Julie Redfern
Background Mobile technologies are innovative, scalable approaches to reducing risk of cardiovascular disease but evidence related to effectiveness and acceptability remains limited. We aimed to explore the effectiveness, acceptability and usefulness of mobile applications (apps) for cardiovascular disease self-management and risk factor control. Design Systematic review with meta-synthesis of quantitative and qualitative data. Methods Comprehensive search of multiple databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, SCOPUS and Cochrane CENTRAL) and grey literature...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313169/upright-activity-and-higher-motor-function-may-preserve-bone-mineral-density-within-6%C3%A2-months-of-stroke-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Karen Borschmann, Sandra Iuliano, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Leonid Churilov, Marco Y C Pang, Julie Bernhardt
PURPOSE: Bone fragility contributes to increased fracture risk, but little is known about the emergence of post-stroke bone loss. We investigated skeletal changes and relationships with physical activity, stroke severity, motor control and lean mass within 6 months of stroke. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study. Participants were non-diabetic but unable to walk within 2 weeks of first stroke. Distal tibial volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD, primary outcome), bone geometry and microstructure (high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography) were assessed at baseline and 6 months, as were secondary outcomes total body bone mineral content and lean mass (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry), bone metabolism (serum osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (CTX)), physical activity (PAL2 accelerometer) and motor control (Chedoke McMaster) which were also measured at 1 and 3 months...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288141/functional-reach-depression-scores-and-number-of-medications-are-associated-with-number-of-falls-in-people-with-chronic-stroke
#6
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Shaima Alothman, Jason Rucker, Kari Dunning, Linda D'Silva, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Falls are a common adverse event among people with stroke. Previous studies investigating risk of falls after stroke have relied primarily on retrospective fall history ranging from 6-12 months recall, with inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors and balance assessment tools that are associated with number of falls in individuals with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Multisite academic and clinical institutions...
December 26, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284737/efficacy-and-safety-of-individualized-coaching-after-stroke-the-last-study-life-after-stroke-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Torunn Askim, Birgitta Langhammer, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Mari Gunnes, Stian Lydersen, Bent Indredavik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The evidence for interventions to prevent functional decline in the long term after stroke is lacking. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an 18-month follow-up program of individualized regular coaching on physical activity and exercise. METHODS: This was a multicentre, pragmatic, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Adults (age ≥18 years) with first-ever or recurrent stroke, community dwelling, with modified Rankin Scale <5, and no serious comorbidities were included 10 to 16 weeks poststroke...
December 28, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278429/association-between-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-or-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#8
Leilei Guo, Shangshu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Observational studies evaluating the relationship between ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) metrics and risk of cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality yielded inconsistent results. HYPOTHESIS: Improvement in CVH metrics can result in substantial reductions in the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and mortality. METHODS: We examined associations between ideal CVH metrics and CV events and mortality by conducting a meta-analysis of data from prospective cohort studies identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science from their inception to February 2017 and reviewing the reference lists of the retrieved articles...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273658/qualitative-investigation-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-nursing-and-allied-health-professionals-involved-in-the-implementation-of-an-enriched-environment-in-an-australian-acute-stroke-unit
#9
Ingrid C M Rosbergen, Sandra G Brauer, Sarah Fitzhenry, Rohan S Grimley, Kathryn S Hayward
OBJECTIVE: An enriched environment embedded in an acute stroke unit can increase activity levels of patients who had stroke, with changes sustained 6 months post-implementation. The objective of this study was to understand perceptions and experiences of nursing and allied health professionals involved in implementing an enriched environment in an acute stroke unit. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative approach. SETTING: An acute stroke unit in a regional Australian hospital...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258736/trunk-flexor-and-extensor-muscle-performance-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
Ludmylla Ferreira Quintino, Juliane Franco, Amanda Ferreira Machado Gusmão, Paula Fernanda De Sousa Silva, Christina Danielli Coelho De Morais Faria
BACKGROUND: Although chronic stroke patients commonly show impairment of trunk muscle performance, this disability has only been analyzed in terms of peak torque. Therefore, other measures are needed for a more adequate description. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare concentric muscle performance of trunk flexor/extensor muscles between chronic stroke patients and matched-healthy subjects. METHODS: 18 chronic stroke patients and 18 healthy subjects were matched according to their age, sex, body mass index and level of physical activity...
December 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248762/serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-levels-and-stroke-risk
#11
Jung-Eun Lim, Sunju Lee, Sunmi Lee, Sun Ha Jee
Knowledge of environmental risk factors for stroke and their role are limited. We performed a case-cohort study to evaluate the association between serum persistent organic pollutants (POPs) level and stroke risk. 526 subcohort members and 111 stroke incidence cases were identified from the Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II. Serum levels of POPs were measured using gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. The hazard ratios (HRs) for stroke (ischemic, hemorrhagic, and all stroke types) were estimated using the weighted Cox regression model...
December 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246455/effect-of-the-provision-of-a-cane-on-walking-and-social-participation-in-individuals-with-stroke-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial
#12
Patrick Roberto Avelino, Lucas R Nascimento, Kênia K P Menezes, Aline A Scianni, Louise Ada, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Canes are usually prescribed for individuals with stroke with the purpose of improving walking and increasing safety. However, there is no consensus regarding the clinical effects of these aids on walking and participation. OBJECTIVE: This study will examine the efficacy of the provision of a cane to improve walking and increase participation after stroke. METHODS: This is a two-arm, prospectively registered, randomized trial with concealed allocation, blinded measurers, and intention-to-treat analysis...
December 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241822/neural-correlates-of-gentle-skin-stroking-in-early-infancy
#13
Jetro J Tuulari, Noora M Scheinin, Satu Lehtola, Harri Merisaari, Jani Saunavaara, Riitta Parkkola, Isac Sehlstedt, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson, Malin Björnsdotter
Physical expressions of affection play a foundational role in early brain development, but the neural correlates of affective touch processing in infancy remain unclear. We examined brain responses to gentle skin stroking, a type of tactile stimulus associated with affectionate touch, in young infants. Thirteen term-born infants aged 11-36days, recruited through the FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study, were included in the study. Soft brush strokes, which activate brain regions linked to somatosensory as well as socio-affective processing in children and adults, were applied to the skin of the right leg during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
October 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240651/acute-impact-of-different-exercise-modalities-on-arterial-and-platelet-function
#14
Andrew Haynes, Matthew D Linden, Elisa Robey, Gerald F Watts, P Hugh R Barrett, Louise H Naylor, Daniel J Green
PURPOSE: Acute coronary syndromes and ischemic stroke are associated with arterial events involving platelets, the endothelium and atherosclerosis. Whilst regular physical activity is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular events and mortality, risk is transiently increased during and immediately following participation in an acute bout of exercise. No previous study has investigated the acute impact of exercise on platelet activation and arterial function in the same participants; it is also unknown if responses are dependent on exercise modality...
December 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237471/correlates-of-occupational-leisure-and-total-sitting-time-in-working-adults-results-from-the-singapore-multi-ethnic-cohort
#15
Léonie Uijtdewilligen, Jason Dean-Chen Yin, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the health risks of sitting is accumulating. However, research identifying factors influencing sitting time in adults is limited, especially in Asian populations. This study aimed to identify socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of occupational, leisure and total sitting time in a sample of Singapore working adults. METHODS: Data were collected between 2004 and 2010 from participants of the Singapore Multi Ethnic Cohort (MEC). Medical exclusion criteria for cohort participation were cancer, heart disease, stroke, renal failure and serious mental illness...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229367/the-energy-cost-of-steady-state-physical-activity-in-acute-stroke
#16
Sharon Flora Kramer, Toby Cumming, Julie Bernhardt, Liam Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Cardiorespiratory fitness levels are very low after stroke, indicating that the majority of stroke survivors are unable to independently perform daily activities. Physical fitness training improves exercise capacity poststroke; however, the optimal timing and intensity of training is unclear. Understanding the energy cost of steady-state activity is necessary to guide training prescription early poststroke. We aimed to determine if acute stroke survivors can reach steady state (oxygen-uptake variability ≤2...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227260/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-during-the-second-half-year-after-stroke
#17
M Delva, N Lytvynenko, I Delva
Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common and often debilitating sequel of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with different PSF domains over the second half year after stroke occurrence. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points: at 6 months (156 patients), at 9 months (139 patients) and at 12 months (128 patients) after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes. Global PSF and certain PSF domains (physical, mental, motivational, activity-related) were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 scale...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220527/inverse-association-between-neck-pain-and-all-cause-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#19
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
Objective: In a previous study, we found an apparent protective effect of neck pain on all-cause mortality in subjects older than age 85 years. The present longitudinal investigation was performed to verify this unexpected finding in a larger sample and to establish its significance. Design: Population follow-up study. Setting: Three towns of Northern Italy. Subjects: We examined 5,253 community-dwelling residents age 65-102 years (55% female)...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218753/neuronal-responses-to-the-scratching-and-caressing-of-one-s-own-skin-in-patients-with-skin-picking-disorder
#20
Anne Schienle, Sonja Übel, Albert Wabnegger
Skin-picking disorder (SPD) is a common mental disorder. The predominant symptom involves the repeated scratching and picking of one's own skin. This behavior causes severe tissue damage (sores, scars, and infections), often leading to disfigurement. Besides physical injury, SPD is associated with clinically significant distress and impairment in important areas of functioning. The neurobiological mechanisms of SPD are still poorly understood. In this study, 30 SPD patients and 31 control participants (35 women, 26 men) with a mean age of 34 years were instructed to either scratch or gently stroke a small skin area on their arms during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
December 7, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
keyword
keyword
76246
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"