keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical activity in stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227533/upper-extremity-post-stroke-motion-quality-estimation-with-decision-trees-and-bagging-forests
#1
Sarvenaz Chaeibakhsh, Elissa Phillips, Amanda Buchanan, Eric Wade, Sarvenaz Chaeibakhsh, Elissa Phillips, Amanda Buchanan, Eric Wade, Elissa Phillips, Sarvenaz Chaeibakhsh, Amanda Buchanan, Eric Wade
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability. Approximately two thirds of stroke survivors require long-term rehabilitation, which suggests the importance of understanding movement quality in real-world settings. To address this need, we have developed an approach that quantifies physical activity and also evaluates performance quality. Accelerometer and gyroscope sensor data are used to measure upper extremity movements and to develop a mathematical framework to relate objective sensor data to clinical performance metrics...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218343/immediate-affective-responses-of-gait-training-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#2
Martin Niedermeier, Larissa Ledochowski, Andreas Mayr, Leopold Saltuari, Martin Kopp
OBJECTIVE: To examine the immediate effects of physical therapy and robotic-assisted gait training on affective responses of gait training in neurological rehabilitation. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial with blinded observers. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients with neurological disorders (stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis). METHODS: All patients underwent 2 single treatment sessions: physical therapy and robotic-assisted gait training...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216597/the-uncommon-impact-of-common-environmental-details-on-walking-in-older-adults
#3
Katherine Brookfield, Catharine Ward Thompson, Iain Scott
Walking is the most common form of physical activity amongst older adults. Older adults' walking behaviors have been linked to objective and perceived neighborhood and street-level environmental attributes, such as pavement quality and mixed land uses. To help identify components of walkable environments, this paper examines some of these environmental attributes and explores their influence on this population's walking behaviors. It draws on focus group and interview data collected from 22 purposively sampled older adults aged 60 years and over...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213110/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-stroke-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#4
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Chi-Fung Cheng, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Cheng-Wen Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D) include stroke, which is a cerebrovascular disturbance characterized by reduced blood flow in the brain, leading to death or physical disability. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in ancient China for the treatment of diabetes and stroke by supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the frequencies and patterns of CHM treatment for stroke patients with T2D and the outcomes of long-term use in Taiwan...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207603/needs-of-stroke-survivors-as-perceived-by-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#5
Shilpa Krishnan, Monique R Pappadis, Susan C Weller, Marsja Stearnes, Amit Kumar, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Timothy A Reistetter
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers usually are not involved while planning the stroke survivor's medical and rehabilitation goals and interventions. This review aimed to identify the needs of stroke survivors as perceived by their caregivers. DESIGN: A literature search from 2003 to 2014 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar. Sixty-six studies were included. Most studies excluded did not encompass caregivers' perspectives. Four reviewers screened the titles, abstracts, and full texts of the articles for inclusion...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207526/restoration-of-the-ascending-reticular-activating-system-compressed-by-hematoma-in-a-stroke-patient
#6
Sung Ho Jang, Jeong Pyo Seo
RATIONALE: We report on restoration of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS), compressed by an intracerebral hematoma and perihematomal edema following a stroke. The restoration of the ARAS was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: In a 60-year-old male, a brain MRI taken at 2 weeks after the surgery showed a hematoma and perihematomal edema in the left posterolateral pons and cerebellum, which were markedly resolved on a brain MRI after 5 weeks...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194413/patient-centered-robot-aided-passive-neurorehabilitation-exercise-based-on-safety-motion-decision-making-mechanism
#7
Lizheng Pan, Aiguo Song, Suolin Duan, Zhuqing Yu
Safety is one of the crucial issues for robot-aided neurorehabilitation exercise. When it comes to the passive rehabilitation training for stroke patients, the existing control strategies are usually just based on position control to carry out the training, and the patient is out of the controller. However, to some extent, the patient should be taken as a "cooperator" of the training activity, and the movement speed and range of the training movement should be dynamically regulated according to the internal or external state of the subject, just as what the therapist does in clinical therapy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193848/measurement-properties-of-self-report-physical-activity-assessment-tools-in-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
INTRODUCTION: Self-report physical activity assessment tools are commonly used for the evaluation of physical activity levels in individuals with stroke. A great variety of these tools have been developed and widely used in recent years, which justify the need to examine their measurement properties and clinical utility. Therefore, the main objectives of this systematic review are to examine the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report measures of physical activity and discuss the strengths and limitations of the identified tools...
February 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187718/an-education-programme-influencing-health-professionals-to-recommend-exercise-to-their-type-2-diabetes-patients-understanding-the-processes-a-case-study-from-oxfordshire-uk
#9
Anne Matthews, Natasha Jones, Alastair Thomas, Perdy van den Berg, Charlie Foster
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity decreases the risk of premature mortality associated with chronic diseases e.g., coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke. Despite this, most adults in England do not meet physical activity guidelines. Physical activity advice and signposting offered to at-risk patients by primary care providers is recommended. However, exercise medicine education is sparse, leading to poor practitioner knowledge of the risk reduction evidence and strategies to implement effective patient behaviour change...
February 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183451/the-novel-exercise-induced-hormone-irisin-protects-against-neuronal-injury-via-activation-of-the-akt-and-erk1-2-signaling-pathways-and-contributes-to-the-neuroprotection-of-physical-exercise-in-cerebral-ischemia
#10
Dong-Jie Li, Yong-Hua Li, Hong-Bin Yuan, Le-Feng Qu, Pei Wang
BACKGROUND: Irisin is a novel exercise-induced myokine involved in the regulation of adipose browning and thermogenesis. In this study, we investigated the potential role of irisin in cerebral ischemia and determined whether irisin is involved in the neuroprotective effect of physical exercise in mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was used to produce cerebral ischemia in mice. First, the plasma irisin levels and changes in expression of the irisin precursor protein FNDC5 in skeletal muscle were determined post ischemic stroke...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181204/physical-activity-and-exercise-as-countermeasures-to-physical-frailty-and-sarcopenia
#11
Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Matteo Cesari, Mauro Di Bari, Antonio Cherubini, Marianna Broccatelli, Giulia Savera, Mariaelena D'Elia, Marco Pahor, Roberto Bernabei, Francesco Landi
The identification of cost-effective interventions that improve the health status and prevent disability in old age is one of the most important public health challenges. Regular physical activity is the only intervention that has consistently been shown to improve functional health and energy balance and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, several cancers, depression and falls. In advanced age, physical activity is also effective at mitigating sarcopenia, restoring robustness, and preventing/delaying the development of disability...
February 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174455/factors-affecting-the-quality-of-life-of-homebound-elderly-hemiparetic-stroke-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#12
Seiichi Takemasa, Ryoma Nakagoshi, Masayuki Uesugi, Yuri Inoue, Makoto Gotou, Hideki Koeda, Susumu Naruse
[Purpose] This study examined the quality of life of homebound elderly hemiparetic stroke patients with cognitive impairment and the factors affecting their quality of life. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the study were 17 home-based elderly hemiparetic stroke patients with cognitive impairment (8 males and 9 females, average age: 76.3 ± 10.5 years old). Their physical and psychological conditions, quality of life and other items were investigated. Nishimura's Mental State Scale for the Elderly was used for the cognitive impairment assessment...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169449/a-questionnaire-survey-to-assess-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#13
Minoru Miyazato, Takeshi Tana, Akira Higa, Kiyoshi Wakugami, Takashi Tokashiki, Hirokuni Sakima, Aiwa Maehara, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Yusuke Ohya, Seiichi Saito
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms and the associated clinical features in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Patients with stroke who had been regularly followed up at general medical hospitals in Okinawa, Japan were enrolled in the study. The patients were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding their physical activity, medical history, and the core lower urinary tract symptom score (CLSS) questionnaire, with anonymity...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166784/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-coordinated-care-intervention-to-improve-risk-factor-control-after-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack-in-the-safety-net-secondary-stroke-prevention-by-uniting-community-and-chronic-care-model-teams-early-to-end-disparities
#14
Amytis Towfighi, Eric M Cheng, Monica Ayala-Rivera, Heather McCreath, Nerses Sanossian, Tara Dutta, Bijal Mehta, Robert Bryg, Neal Rao, Shlee Song, Ali Razmara, Magaly Ramirez, Theresa Sivers-Teixeira, Jamie Tran, Elizabeth Mojarro-Huang, Ana Montoya, Marilyn Corrales, Beatrice Martinez, Phyllis Willis, Mireya Macias, Nancy Ibrahim, Shinyi Wu, Jeremy Wacksman, Hilary Haber, Adam Richards, Frances Barry, Valerie Hill, Brian Mittman, William Cunningham, Honghu Liu, David A Ganz, Diane Factor, Barbara G Vickrey
BACKGROUND: Recurrent strokes are preventable through awareness and control of risk factors such as hypertension, and through lifestyle changes such as healthier diets, greater physical activity, and smoking cessation. However, vascular risk factor control is frequently poor among stroke survivors, particularly among socio-economically disadvantaged blacks, Latinos and other people of color. The Chronic Care Model (CCM) is an effective framework for multi-component interventions aimed at improving care processes and outcomes for individuals with chronic disease...
February 6, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162847/c-tactile-afferents-cutaneous-mediators-of-oxytocin-release-during-affiliative-tactile-interactions
#15
REVIEW
Susannah C Walker, Paula D Trotter, William T Swaney, Andrew Marshall, Francis P Mcglone
Low intensity, non-noxious, stimulation of cutaneous somatosensory nerves has been shown to trigger oxytocin release and is associated with increased social motivation, plus reduced physiological and behavioural reactivity to stressors. However, to date, little attention has been paid to the specific nature of the mechanosensory nerves which mediate these effects. In recent years, the neuroscientific study of human skin nerves (microneurography studies on single peripheral nerve fibres) has led to the identification and characterisation of a class of touch sensitive nerve fibres named C-tactile afferents...
January 19, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161318/effects-of-daily-physical-activity-level-on-manual-wheelchair-propulsion-technique-in-full-time-manual-wheelchair-users-during-steady-state-treadmill-propulsion
#16
Jennifer Dysterheft, Ian Rice, Yvonne Learmonth, Dominque Kinnett-Hopkins, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in propulsion technique as a function of intra-individual variability occur as a result of shoulder pain and physical activity (PA) level in full time manual wheelchair users (MWU). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 14 MWU completed the study. Participants were 18-64 years old, used a wheelchair for > 80% ambulation, and free of any condition that could be worsened by PA...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151403/cardiovascular-health-and-healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-among-medicare-beneficiaries-the-reasons-for-geographic-and-racial-differences-in-stroke-regards-study
#17
Kristal J Aaron, Lisandro D Colantonio, Luqin Deng, Suzanne E Judd, Julie L Locher, Monika M Safford, Mary Cushman, Meredith L Kilgore, David J Becker, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: Better cardiovascular health is associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined the association between cardiovascular health and healthcare utilization and expenditures in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. We included 6262 participants ≥65 years with Medicare fee-for-service coverage for the year after their baseline study visit in 2003-2007. Cardiovascular health at baseline was assessed using the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 (LS7) metric, which includes 7 factors: cigarette smoking, physical activity, diet, body mass index, blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147893/geography-race-ethnicity-and-physical-activity-among-men-in-the-united-states
#18
Elizabeth Kelley Sohn, Tichelle Porch, Sarah Hill, Roland J Thorpe
Engaging in regular physical activity reduces one's risk of chronic disease, stroke, cardiovascular disease, and some forms of cancer. These preventive benefits associated with physical activity are of particular importance for men, who have shorter life expectancy and experience higher rates of chronic diseases as compared to women. Studies at the community and national levels have found that social and environmental factors are important determinants of men's physical activity, but little is known about how regional influences affect physical activity behaviors among men...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142037/risk-prediction-models-for-mortality-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-the-biobank-japan-project
#19
Jun Hata, Akiko Nagai, Makoto Hirata, Yoichiro Kamatani, Akiko Tamakoshi, Zentaro Yamagata, Kaori Muto, Koichi Matsuda, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Yutaka Kiyohara, Toshiharu Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in Japan. The present study aimed to develop new risk prediction models for long-term risks of all-cause and cardiovascular death in patients with chronic phase CVD. METHODS: Among the subjects registered in the BioBank Japan database, 15,058 patients aged ≥40 years with chronic ischemic CVD (ischemic stroke or myocardial infarction) were divided randomly into a derivation cohort (n = 10,039) and validation cohort (n = 5019)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137928/efficiency-of-physical-therapy-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
A Hugues, J Di Marco, P Janiaud, Y Xue, J Pires, H Khademi, M Cucherat, I Bonan, F Gueyffier, G Rode
INTRODUCTION: Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy. Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence. The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess which PT is more effective. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search several databases from inception to October 2015...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
76246
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"