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physical activity in stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776621/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-adults-with-or-without-major-chronic-diseases-2014
#1
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770543/impairment-in-toileting-behavior-after-a-stroke
#2
Eri Kawanabe, Makoto Suzuki, Satoshi Tanaka, Shotaro Sasaki, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
AIM: Dependence for toileting is the most problematic aspect for patients after a stroke. However, the relative difficulty of each component of toileting and the predictors for independent performance of these activities are unknown. We investigated these issues in stroke patients using Boltzmann sigmoid and generalized linear modeling. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional correlation study, including 107 adult inpatients, hospitalized for a stroke. We assessed the activity components of toileting, as well as evaluated physical impairment using the Fugl-Meyer Assessment, impairments in balance using the Berg Balance Scale, cognitive impairments using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the presence or absence of unilateral spatial neglect or aphasia...
May 17, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763856/hospital-readmission-risks-in-older-adults-following-inpatient-subacute-care-a-six-month-follow-up-study
#3
Den-Ching A Lee, Cylie Williams, Aislinn F Lalor, Ted Brown, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: High rates of unplanned hospital readmissions are a burden on healthcare systems and individuals. This study examined factors at, and after initial hospital discharge and their associations with unplanned hospital readmission for older adults up to six months post-discharge from subacute care. METHODS: Older subacute care patients were surveyed prior to discharge, and assessed monthly post-discharge for six months. Data included the Geriatric Depression Scale, Phone-Fitt sub-scales, Friendship Scale, modified Lubben Social Network Scale, unplanned hospital readmission, self-reported physical capacity and falls in the last month were collected...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759716/atrial-fibrillation-in-athletes-a-lesson-in-the-virtue-of-moderation
#4
REVIEW
N A Mark Estes, Christopher Madias
Although the cardiovascular benefits of moderate exercise are well established, there is growing epidemiological support for the notion that high-intensity endurance athletics increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). There are many gaps in evidence related to epidemiology and mechanisms of AF in endurance athletes. The proposed pathophysiological mechanisms include alterations of autonomic tone, electrical remodeling, anatomical remodeling, fibrosis, and inflammation. Clinical management of the athlete with AF often includes a period of decreased frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise with assessment for improvement in AF recurrence...
September 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755837/chagasic-cardiomyopathy-and-pompe-disease-case-report
#5
Rafael Ob de Morais, Ândrea V Chaves-Markman, Anna Pp Miranda, Ingrid G Amorim, Maria da Ga de M Cavalcanti, Manuel Markman, Brivaldo Markman-Filho
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a lysosomal storage disease with an autosomal recessive inheritance characterized by an insufficient activity of the acid alpha-glucosidase enzyme. The incidence varies from 1:40000 to 1:200000 live births and cardiac involvement in adults is rare. Chagas disease is an infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, in which one-third of the cases progress to the chronic form, and may lead to cardiac involvement, usually from the fifth decade of life onwards...
2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753803/cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-relation-to-physical-activity-during-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-japan-does-school-based-sport-club-participation-matter
#6
Krisztina Gero, Hiroyasu Iso, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Akiko Tamakoshi
We examined potential associations of sport club participation during adolescence and sports-related physical activity during adulthood with mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in a Japanese population. Between 1988 and 1990, 29,526 men and 41,043 women aged 40-79 years responded to a questionnaire including questions about the frequency of sports participation at baseline and sport club participation during junior/senior high school. Subjects were followed-up until the end of 2009, and 4230 cardiovascular deaths (870 CHD, 1859 stroke) were identified...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750901/-go-home-sit-less-the-impact-of-home-versus-hospital-rehabilitation-environment-on-activity-levels-of-stroke-survivors
#7
Dawn B Simpson, Monique Breslin, Toby Cumming, Sam de Zoete, Seana L Gall, Matthew Schmidt, Coralie English, Michele L Callisaya
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether change in rehabilitation environment (hospital or home) and other factors, influence time spent sitting, upright and walking after stroke. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Two inpatient rehabilitation units, and community residences following discharge. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four participants with stroke were recruited. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: An activity monitor was worn continuously for 7 days during the final week in hospital, and first week home...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746650/age-dependent-morbidity-and-mortality-outcomes-after-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#8
Amjad I Hussain, Andreas Auensen, Cathrine Brunborg, Jan Otto Beitnes, Lars Gullestad, Kjell I Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: This study addressed the assumption of increased morbidity and mortality after surgical aortic valve replacement in patients older than 80 years with severe aortic stenosis. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in consecutive patients referred for aortic valve replacement. The age-dependent change in cognitive and physical function, quality of life and rehospitalization and complication rates during the following year and 5-year all-cause mortality were documented...
May 9, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743322/protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-the-care-for-stroke-intervention-in-india-a-smartphone-enabled-carer-supported-educational-intervention-for-management-of-disabilities-following-stroke
#9
K Sureshkumar, G V S Murthy, Hannah Kuper
INTRODUCTION: The rising prevalence of stroke and stroke-related disability witnessed globally over the past decades may cause an overwhelming demand for rehabilitation services. This situation is of concern for low-income and middle-income countries like India where the resources for rehabilitation are often limited. Recently, a smartphone-enabled carer-supported educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke was developed in India. It was found to be feasible and acceptable, but evidence of effectiveness is lacking...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742415/the-margination-of-particles-in-areas-of-constricted-blood-flow
#10
Erik J Carboni, Brice H Bognet, David B Cowles, Anson W K Ma
Stroke is a leading cause of death globally and is caused by stenoses, abnormal narrowings of blood vessels. Recently, there has been an increased interest in shear-activated particle clusters for the treatment of stenosis, but there is a lack of literature investigating the impact of different stenosis geometries on particle margination. Margination refers to the movement of particles toward the blood vessel wall and is desirable for drug delivery. The current study investigated ten different geometries and their effects on margination...
May 8, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740377/muscle-activation-during-grasping-with-and-without-motor-imagery-in-healthy-volunteers-and-patients-after-stroke-or-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Manuela Kobelt, Brigitte Wirth, Corina Schuster-Amft
Introduction: The present study assessed whether motor imagery (MI) produces electromyographic activation in specific muscles of the upper limb during a hand grasping and arm-lifting task in healthy volunteers, patients after stroke, or with Parkinson's disease. Electromyographic (EMG) activation was compared under three conditions: MI, physical execution (PE), and rest. The task is clinically relevant unilateral executed movement using open muscle chains. Methods: In a cross-sectional study EMG activation was measured in four muscles: M...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727009/participants-experiences-of-music-mindful-music-and-audiobook-listening-interventions-for-people-recovering-from-stroke
#12
Satu Baylan, Meigan McGinlay, Maxine MacDonald, Jake Easto, Breda Cullen, Caroline Haig, Stewart W Mercer, Heather Murray, Terence J Quinn, David Stott, Niall M Broomfield, Ciara Stiles, Jonathan J Evans
Existing research evidence suggests that both music listening and mindfulness interventions may have beneficial effects on mood and cognition poststroke. This mixed-methods study, nested within a pilot randomized controlled trial investigating the feasibility and acceptability of combining music listening and brief mindfulness training poststroke, explored study participants' experiences of engaging in the interventions. Fifty-six stroke survivors who were randomized to receive an 8-week intervention of mindful music listening (n = 15), music listening (n = 21), or audiobook listening (n = 20, control) using self-selected material participated in a postintervention individual semistructured interview with a researcher not involved in their intervention delivery...
May 4, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720543/sauna-bathing-reduces-the-risk-of-stroke-in-finnish-men-and-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Setor K Kunutsor, Hassan Khan, Francesco Zaccardi, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Peter Willeit, Jari A Laukkanen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between frequency of sauna bathing and risk of future stroke. METHODS: Baseline habits of sauna bathing were assessed in 1,628 adult men and women aged 53-74 years (mean age, 62.7 years) without a known history of stroke in the Finnish Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort study. Three sauna bathing frequency groups were defined: 1, 2-3, and 4-7 sessions per week. Hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) were estimated for incident stroke...
May 2, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709994/prognostic-value-of-frailty-and-diastolic-dysfunction-in-elderly-patients
#14
Kenya Kusunose, Yuichiro Okushi, Hirotsugu Yamada, Susumu Nishio, Yuta Torii, Yukina Hirata, Yoshihito Saijo, Takayuki Ise, Koji Yamaguchi, Shusuke Yagi, Takeshi Soeki, Tetsuzo Wakatsuki, Masataka Sata
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of frailty and of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in heart failure and high mortality in frail adults have been noted. We characterized frailty by quantifying differences on echocardiography, and assessed the added prognostic utility of frailty and DD grade in an elderly population.Methods and Results:One hundred and ninety-one patients ≥65 years who had at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor were prospectively recruited for clinically indicated echocardiography at the present institute...
April 28, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706696/the-known-groups-validity-of-intensity-based-physical-activity-measurement-using-an-accelerometer-in-people-with-subacute-stroke
#15
Natsuki Shimizu, Hiroyuki Hashidate, Tomohiro Ota, Akihiko Saito
[Purpose] This study aimed to assess the known-groups validity of the estimated metabolic equivalents during physical activities using accelerometer, Active Style Pro HJA 350-IT, in people with subacute stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Ten participants with subacute stroke and ten healthy people performed six activities (lying, sitting, standing, sitting with reaching task, standing with reaching task, and walking) and metabolic equivalents were estimated using the accelerometer during each activity. These estimated metabolic equivalents were compared with reported metabolic equivalents through compendiums or previous studies...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706279/a-pilot-ipe-workshop-integrating-ot-pharmacy-pt-and-pa-programs
#16
Diane E Hadley, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Kimberly D Wynarczuk, Sanchita Sen, Joan F Ward, Radha V Patel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of an interprofessional education (IPE) experience. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The IPE experience included 53 student learners from occupational therapy, pharmacy, physical therapy, and physician assistant programs at the University of the Sciences (USciences). This experience used an icebreaker activity and a stroke case-based activity as the activities within the workshop...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702630/game-based-virtual-reality-canoe-paddling-training-to-improve-postural-balance-and-upper-extremity-function-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-study-of-30-patients-with-subacute-stroke
#17
Myung Mo Lee, Kyeong Jin Lee, Chang Ho Song
BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) training with motion-controlled console games can be incorporated into stroke rehabilitation programs. The use of a variety of gaming software can provide the patient with an opportunity to perform activities that are exciting, entertaining, and that may not be feasible in clinical environments. The aim of this preliminary randomized controlled study was to investigate the effects of game-based VR canoe paddling training, when combined with conventional physical rehabilitation programs, on postural balance and upper extremity function in 30 patients with subacute stroke...
April 27, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699875/stroke-and-or-myocardial-infarction-attributable-to-modifiable-risk-factors-in-henan-china
#18
Kaiyan Dong, Qian Yang, Fujiao Duan, Shuying Liang, Nan Ma, Wei Nie, Yali Yan, Ye Zhang, Rui Peng, Shuaibing Wang, Chunhua Song, Kaijuan Wang
Estimating population attributable risks of potential modifiable risk factors for stroke and (or) myocardial infarction may be useful for planning cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive strategies. A population of 17,292 adults aged 18 years and older from a cross-sectional survey was included in the study. The binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between risk factors with disease events, then population attributable fraction according to prevalence and odds ratios were calculated to identify and compare the effects at different subpopulations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696239/effects-and-mechanism-of-the-hect-study-hybrid-exercise-cognitive-trainings-in-mild-ischemic-stroke-with-cognitive-decline-fmri-for-brain-plasticity-biomarker-and-behavioral-analysis
#19
Ting-Ting Yeh, Ku-Chou Chang, Ching-Yi Wu, Ya-Yun Lee, Po-Yu Chen, Jen-Wen Hung
Purpose: Cognitive decline after stroke is highly associated with functional disability. Empirical evidence shows that exercise combined cognitive training may induce neuroplastic changes that modulate cognitive function. However, it is unclear whether hybridized exercise-cognitive training can facilitate cortical activity and physiological outcome measures and further influence on the cognitive function after stroke. This study will investigate the effects of two hybridized exercise-cognitive trainings on brain plasticity, physiological biomarkers and behavioral outcomes in stroke survivors with cognitive decline...
March 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691887/correlate-of-burden-and-coping-ability-of-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-chronic-illness-in-nigeria
#20
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi
AIM: Caring for older adults with chronic illness is associated with enormous physical and psychological stress on the informal caregivers. This study assessed burden experienced by caregivers of older adults with chronic illness, explored coping strategies of caregivers in relation to identified chronic conditions and determined the influence of caregiver's burden, caregiver's characteristics and older adult's characteristics on their coping ability. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study, and data were collected among 325 caregivers of older adults living with chronic illness in Osun State, Nigeria, using a checklist, Katz IADL, Zarit Burden Interview and Brief Cope Scale...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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