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physical activity in stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350711/physical-activity-and-lifetime-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer
#1
Yasuhiko Kubota, Kelly R Evenson, Richard F MacLehose, Nicholas S Roetker, Corinne E Joshu, Aaron R Folsom
PURPOSE: Although the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and some cancers, there are no estimates of lifetime risk of these non-communicable diseases according to PA levels. We aimed to estimate the lifetime risk of CVD and cancers according to PA levels. METHODS: We followed 5,807 men and 7,252 women in the U.S. age 45-64 initially free of CVD and cancer from 1987 through 2012, and used a life table approach to estimate lifetime risks of CVD (coronary heart disease, heart failure and stroke) and total cancer according to PA levels: poor (0 minutes/week of MVPA), intermediate (1-74 minutes/week of VPA or 1-149 minutes/week of MVPA) or recommended (≥75 minutes/week of VPA or ≥150 minutes/week of MVPA)...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345969/foot-ulceration-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-risk-analysis
#2
Mariana Angela Rossaneis, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Sonia Silva Marcon, Paloma de Souza Cavalcante Pissinati
The study reported in this article aimed to analyse factors associated with the risk of ulceration in the feet of patients with diabetes using a conceptual hierarchic model. It was a cross-sectional study carried out with 1515 people with diabetes mellitus aged 40 years and older. The risk of foot ulceration was of higher significance in male patients with diabetes (adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.39 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11 to 1.73); p=0.020), who did not practise a regular physical activity (adjusted OR=1...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343192/post-stroke-fatigue-and-its-dimensions-within-first-3-months-after-stroke
#3
Iryna I Delva, Nataliya V Lytvynenko, Mykhaylo Y Delva
INTRODUCTION: Post-stroke fatigue (PSF) is a common stroke complication with long-term negative consequences. AIM: Assess the qualitative and quantitative PSF characteristics during 3 month post-stroke period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were examined 141 patients with acute ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes at hospital stay, in 1, 2 and 3 months after stroke. PSF was measured by fatigue assessment scale (FAS), multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) and fatigue severity scale (FSS)...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335690/promoting-physical-activity-after-stroke-via-self-management-a-feasibility-study
#4
Elisabeth Preston, Catherine M Dean, Louise Ada, Rosalyn Stanton, Sandy Brauer, Suzanne Kuys, Gordon Waddington
BACKGROUND: Many people with mild disability after stroke are physically inactive despite the risk of recurrent stroke. A self-management program may be one strategy to increase physical activity in stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of a self-management program, and determine whether self-management can increase daily physical activity levels and self-efficacy for exercise, decrease cardiovascular risk, and improve walking ability, participation, and quality of life in people with mild disability after stroke...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330394/changes-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#5
Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masato Nagai, Yui Yumiya, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Akira Sakai, Shigeatsu Hashimoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011, and was followed by a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The government ordered a mandatory evacuation from the high radioactive concentration area in Fukushima. This evacuation may have forced many evacuees to change specific aspects of their lifestyles such as diet and physical activity, which in turn may lead to future incidence of lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). To address this concern, the association between the evacuation and changes in CVD risk factors before and after the disaster was examined in the Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329057/coronary-artery-calcification-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Jing Chen, Matthew J Budoff, Muredach P Reilly, Wei Yang, Sylvia E Rosas, Mahboob Rahman, Xiaoming Zhang, Jason A Roy, Eva Lustigova, Lisa Nessel, Virginia Ford, Dominic Raj, Anna C Porter, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jackson T Wright, Myles Wolf, Jiang He
Importance: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is highly prevalent in dialysis-naive patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there are sparse data on the association of CAC with subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in this population. Objective: To study the prospective association of CAC with risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality among dialysis-naive patients with CKD. Design, Setting, and Participants: The prospective Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort study recruited adults with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 20 to 70 mL/min/1...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327105/association-of-physical-activity-on-body-composition-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-from-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#7
Gwang-Sil Kim, Eui Im, Ji-Hyuck Rhee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding associations among physical activity (PA) level, body composition, and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Asian populations are rare. METHODS: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to estimate PA levels and analyze the association of PA level with various body composition parameters and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases by using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327054/effects-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-motor-recovery-in-the-early-period-after-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#8
Aliye Tosun, Sabiha Türe, Ayhan Askin, Engin Ugur Yardimci, Secil Umit Demirdal, Tülay Kurt Incesu, Ozgur Tosun, Hikmet Kocyigit, Galip Akhan, Fazıl Mustafa Gelal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of inhibitory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on upper extremity motor function in patients with acute/subacute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Twenty-five ischemic acute/subacute stroke subjects were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial. Experimental group 1 received low frequency (LF) rTMS to the primary motor cortex of the unaffected side + physical therapy (PT) including activities to improve strength, flexibility, transfers, posture, balance, coordination, and activities of daily living, mainly focusing on upper limb movements; experimental group 2 received the same protocol combined with NMES to hand extensor muscles; and the control group received only PT...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326897/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-and-health-related-behaviors-among-stroke-survivors-data-from-the-5th-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Yookyung Lee, Won-Seok Kim, Nam-Jong Paik
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and health-related behaviors are important in primary prevention of stroke and are also recommended for secondary prevention. Gender differences in physical activity and health-related behaviors have been reported in various populations and diseased states but data is lacking on stroke survivors. OBJECTIVES: To assess gender disparities in physical activity in stroke patients and to investigate possible reasons for such disparities...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325523/total-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease
#10
REVIEW
Katsuya Onishi
Patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) often have multiple comorbid conditions that may interact with each other, confound the choice of treatments, and reduce mortality. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most important comorbidities of CVD, which causes serious consequences in patients with ischemic heart disease, stroke, arrhythmia, and heart failure. COPD shares common risk factors such as tobacco smoking and aging with CVD, is associated with less physical activity, and produces systemic inflammation and oxidative stress...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323928/physical-activity-vitamin-d-and-incident-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-whites-and-blacks-the-aric-study
#11
Kathleen Chin, Di Zhao, Martin Tibuakuu, Seth S Martin, Chiadi E Ndumele, Roberta Florido, B Gwen Windham, Eliseo Guallar, Pamela L Lutsey, Erin D Michos
Context: Physical activity (PA) is associated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels. Both are associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), but their joint association with ASCVD risk is unknown. Objective: To examine the dose-response between PA and 25(OH)D, and to assess effect modification of 25(OH)D and PA with ASCVD risk. Design: Cross-sectional and prospective study using Poisson and linear regression. Setting: Community-dwelling Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320757/additional-candidate-genes-for-human-atherosclerotic-disease-identified-through-annotation-based-on-chromatin-organization
#12
Saskia Haitjema, Claartje A Meddens, Sander W van der Laan, Daniel Kofink, Magdalena Harakalova, Vinicius Tragante, Hassan Foroughi Asl, Jessica van Setten, Maarten M Brandt, Joshua C Bis, Christopher O'Donnell, Caroline Cheng, Imo E Hoefer, Johannes Waltenberger, Erik Biessen, J Wouter Jukema, Pieter A F M Doevendans, Edward E S Nieuwenhuis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan L M Björkegren, Gerard Pasterkamp, Folkert W Asselbergs, Hester M den Ruijter, Michal Mokry
BACKGROUND: As genome-wide association efforts, such as CARDIoGRAM and METASTROKE, are ongoing to reveal susceptibility loci for their underlying disease-atherosclerotic disease-identification of candidate genes explaining the associations of these loci has proven the main challenge. Many disease susceptibility loci colocalize with DNA regulatory elements, which influence gene expression through chromatin interactions. Therefore, the target genes of these regulatory elements can be considered candidate genes...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320747/association-of-cardiovascular-health-with-subclinical-disease-and-incident-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Tamar S Polonsky, Hongyan Ning, Martha L Daviglus, Kiang Liu, Gregory L Burke, Mary Cushman, John Eng, Aaron R Folsom, Pamela L Lutsey, Jennifer A Nettleton, Wendy S Post, Ralph L Sacco, Moyses Szklo, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
BACKGROUND: Few adults have ideal cardiovascular health (CVH). We studied associations of an overall CVH score with subclinical cardiovascular disease and events. We assessed whether associations varied by race/ethnicity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 5961 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, components of CVH were measured at baseline, 2000-2002: systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, fasting glucose, smoking, physical activity, diet, and body mass index...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320363/the-mediational-role-of-physical-activity-social-contact-and-stroke-on-the-association-between-age-education-employment-and-dementia-in-an-asian-older-adult-population
#14
Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Chao Xu Peh, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Boon Yiang Chua, Swapna Verma, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Saleha Shafie, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the pathways by which socio-demographic factors, modifiable health and lifestyle risk factors influence each other, and subsequently, lead to dementia. METHODS: We used data from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly study, a nationally representative survey of the older adult population aged 60 years and above in Singapore. Dementia diagnosis was established using 10/66 dementia criteria. Structural equation modelling (SEM) without latent variable was applied to confirm the hypothesized model...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300435/long-term-outcomes-of-lercanidipine-versus-other-calcium-channel-blockers-in-newly-diagnosed-hypertension-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#15
Kai-Hung Cheng, Kai-Chun Cheng, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Yi-Hsin Yang, Chung-Wei Lee, Wen-Ter Lai
OBJECTIVE: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been proved to have beneficial effects on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, especially in stroke. Lercanidipine, a highly lipophilic CCB, lacks data regarding long-term outcomes including: CV, stroke, renal and all-cause mortality which are aimed to be clarified in this retrospective cohort study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 144630 newly diagnosed hypertension (HTN) (age: 18 - 65 y/o) patients in 2005 from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database were enrolled in this observational study...
March 16, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291539/the-role-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-its-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-stroke-patients
#16
REVIEW
Dariusz Kotlęga, Barbara Peda, Agnieszka Zembroń-Łacny, Monika Gołąb-Janowska, Przemysław Nowacki
Stroke is the main cause of motoric and neuropsychological disability in adults. Recent advances in research into the role of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor in neuroplasticity, neuroprotection and neurogenesis might provide important information for the development of new poststroke-rehabilitation strategies. It plays a role as a mediator in motor learning and rehabilitation after stroke. Concentrations of BDNF are lower in acute ischemic-stroke patients compared to controls. Lower levels of BDNF are correlated with an increased risk of stroke, worse functional outcomes and higher mortality...
March 6, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#17
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278253/reduced-bone-formation-markers-and-altered-trabecular-and-cortical-bone-mineral-densities-of-non-paretic-femurs-observed-in-rats-with-ischemic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#18
Karen N Borschmann, Sarah S Rewell, Sandra Iuliano, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Rachel A Davey, Heidi Ho, Peta N Skeers, Julie Bernhardt, David W Howells
BACKGROUND: Immobility and neural damage likely contribute to accelerated bone loss after stroke, and subsequent heightened fracture risk in humans. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the skeletal effect of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) stroke in rats and examine its utility as a model of human post-stroke bone loss. METHODS: Twenty 15-week old spontaneously hypertensive male rats were randomized to MCAo or sham surgery controls. Primary outcome: group differences in trabecular bone volume fraction (BV/TV) measured by Micro-CT (10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273158/perceptions-of-physical-activity-and-walking-in-an-early-stage-after-stroke-or-acquired-brain-injury
#19
Karin Törnbom, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Anna Danielsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been established as being highly beneficial for health after stroke. There are considerable global efforts to find rehabilitation programs that encourage increased physical activity for persons with stroke. However, many persons with stroke or acquired brain injury do not reach recommended levels of physical activity and increased knowledge about why is needed. We aimed to explore views and experiences of physical activity and walking among persons with stroke or acquired brain injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269770/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-and-incident-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-community-dwelling-elderly-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#20
Iris Rawtaer, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Tih-Shih Lee, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap, Tze Pin Ng
BACKGROUND: Indicators of social isolation or support such as living alone, loneliness, being married, and life satisfaction are possible psychosocial risk and protective factors for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigate the associations of these overlapping psychosocial factors with incident MCI-dementia (neurocognitive disorder) in a population cohort. METHODS: Using data from 1601 participants of the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS) who were free of MCI or dementia at baseline and followed up to 8 years, we estimated hazards ratio (HR) of association of living alone, loneliness, being married, and high life satisfaction with incident MCI-dementia...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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