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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667519/an-investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-performance-of-wheelchair-transfers
#1
Giulia Barbareschi, Catherine Holloway
PURPOSE: Being able to transfer in and out of their wheelchair is an important task for wheelchair users that can be affected by a variety of different factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between personal characteristics, wheelchair users' transferring technique and the other factors that can affect the performance of wheelchair transfers. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey study was designed to recruit wheelchair users, aged 18 or older, performing sitting-pivot or standing-pivot wheelchair transfers, independently or with assistance...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666388/the-cognitive-complexity-of-concurrent-cognitive-motor-tasks-reveals-age-related-deficits-in-motor-performance
#2
Anderson Souza Oliveira, Mikkel Staall Reiche, Cristina Ioana Vinescu, Sif Amalie Halkjær Thisted, Carina Hedberg, Miguel Nobre Castro, Martin Gronbech Jørgensen
Aging reduces cognitive functions, and such impairments have implications in mental and motor performance. Cognitive function has been recently linked to the risk of falls in older adults. Physical activities have been used to attenuate the declines in cognitive functions and reduce fall incidence, but little is known whether a physically active lifestyle can maintain physical performance under cognitively demanding conditions. The aim of this study was to verify whether physically active older adults present similar performance deficits during upper limb response time and precision stepping walking tasks when compared to younger adults...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665842/sensory-re-learning-of-the-upper-limb-after-stroke-sensupp-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Håkan Carlsson, Birgitta Rosén, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Anders Björkman, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: Many stroke survivors suffer from sensory impairments of their affected upper limb (UL). Although such impairments can affect the ability to use the UL in everyday activities, very little attention is paid to sensory impairments in stroke rehabilitation. The purpose of this trial is to investigate if sensory re-learning in combination with task-specific training may prove to be more effective than task-specific training alone to improve sensory function of the hand, dexterity, the ability to use the hand in daily activities, perceived participation, and life satisfaction...
April 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664754/self-reported-upper-limb-functioning-of-pupils-with-cerebral-palsy-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#4
Zoltán Lénárt, Eszter Szabó-Szemenyei, Adrienn A Tóth, Lajos Kullmann
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: Children and Youth Version has shown an increasing role in the assessment of children with cerebral palsy (CP), but just a few researchers use it for individuals' self-assessment. In this study, we present the self-assessment of functioning of students with CP and changes by the end of a school year. Thirty-seven pupils with spastic CP involving upper limbs, 24 pupils with typical development, and 20 pupils with speech and language disorders were studied by International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health core sets for CP...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663165/inhibitory-effects-of-semiochemicals-on-the-attraction-of-an-ambrosia-beetle-euwallacea-nr-fornicatus-to-quercivorol
#5
John A Byers, Yonatan Maoz, David Wakarchuk, Daniela Fefer, Anat Levi Zada
The Euwallacea fornicatus (Eichhoff) species complex includes the polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB), an ambrosia beetle infesting avocado limbs, Persea americana Mill. Synthetic quercivorol, a monoterpene alcohol, is known to attract females (males are flightless) over a range of release rates spanning three orders of magnitude. The upper release dose was extended 10-fold using sticky traps baited with quercivorol released at 1× (0.126 mg/day), 10×, and 108× relative rates to obtain a dose-response curve fitting a kinetic formation function...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661183/linguistic-validation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-british-english-versions-of-the-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-dash-questionnaire-and-quickdash-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Alison Hammond, Yeliz Prior, Sarah Tyson
BACKGROUND: Although the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is widely used in the UK, no British English version is available. The aim of this study was to linguistically validate the DASH into British English and then test the reliability and validity of the British English DASH, (including the Work and Sport/Music DASH) and QuickDASH, in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The DASH was forward translated, reviewed by an expert panel and cognitive debriefing interviews undertaken with 31 people with RA...
April 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661032/results-from-a-pilot-study-of-handheld-vibration-exercise-intervention-reduces-upper-limb-dysfunction-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-vibbra-study
#7
Sarah Kneis, Anja Wehrle, Anne Ilaender, Natalja Volegova-Neher, Albert Gollhofer, Hartmut Bertz
PURPOSE: Although there is evidence that breast cancer patients benefit from exercising during treatment, exercising during radiotherapy and especially the effects on upper-limb dysfunctions have been infrequently assessed. Therefore, we primarily aimed to confirm our interventions' feasibility and secondarily aimed to affect upper-limb dysfunctions and fatigue. METHODS: Twenty-two breast cancer patients scheduled for radiotherapy were allocated to an intervention (IG) or a passive control group (CG) as they preferred...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660413/validation-of-french-upper-limb-erasmus-modified-nottingham-sensory-assessment-in-stroke
#8
Claire Villepinte, Emilie Catella, Magali Martin, Sylvie Hidalgo, Sabrina Téchené, Claire Lebely, Evelyne Castel-Lacanal, Xavier de Boissezon, HuiJun Chih, David Gasq
BACKGROUND: Somatosensory impairment of the upper limb (UL) occurs in approximately 50% of adults post-stroke, associated with loss of hand motor function, activity and participation. Measurement of UL sensory impairment is a component of rehabilitation contributing to the selection of sensorimotor techniques optimising recovery and providing a prognostic estimate of UL function. To date, no standardized official French version of a measure of somatosensory impairment has been established...
April 13, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660036/effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-in-the-management-of-wruld-in-sedentary-workers-a-systematic-review
#9
D Kelly, F Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
Background: Work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs) are a syndrome of symptoms affecting the upper quadrant of the body and are a significant cause of pain, disability and sickness absence among workers. Exercise therapy is considered to be a clinical and cost-effective strategy in WRULD management. Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy for WRULDs in sedentary workers. Methods: This review follows an a priori protocol to maintain internal validity describing essential procedures to be followed (e...
April 11, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652042/-motor-learning-of-the-post-stroke-patients-presenting-with-upper-limb-paresis-on-the-mechanotherapeutic-system
#10
A E Khizhnikova, A S Klochkov, A M Kotov-Smolensky, L A Chernikova, N A Suponeva, M A Piradov
BACKGROUND: the relevance of this study arises from the high prevalence of upper limb motor impairment and pathological synergy in the post-stroke patients; these conditions are very difficult to correct with the use of the traditional rehabilitation methods. A promising but insufficiently studied approaches are the virtual reality (VR) technology as well as its combination with other techniques. AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the training making use of the mechanotherapeutic system on the motor function of the paretic hand...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650376/trapezius-muscle-transfer-for-restoration-of-elbow-extension-in-a-traumatic-brachial-plexus-injury
#11
Hamza M Alrabai, Martin G Gesheff, Ahmed I Hammouda, Janet D Conway
Voluntary elbow extension is essential for optimal upper limb positioning required for daily living activities, particularly above-shoulder maneuvers. The authors present a case of traumatic brachial plexus injury in which paralysis of the musculature selectively supplied by the posterior cord was based on magnetic resonance imaging and nerve conduction studies. An attempt at a radial nerve graft at another center was not effective. Ipsilateral hand function improved after multiple local tendon transfers were performed...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649724/evaluation-of-upper-limb-movements-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jamile Benite Palma Lopes, Renata Calhes Franco de Moura, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Natalia de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Claudia Santos Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to perform a review of the literature on current quantitative clinical methods for the evaluation of upper limb movements in children and adolescents with Down syndrome, with a focus on describing the variables, protocols, motor function and motor control. METHODS: A survey of PubMed, Scielo, BVS Bireme and PEDro databases using the following key words: upper limb and EMG and Down syndrome; upper limb and kinematics and Down syndrome; upper limb and motion analysis and Down syndrome; movement and upper limb and Down syndrome; upper limb and Down syndrome; reach and Down syndrome...
April 9, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644897/the-feasibility-acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-low-cost-virtual-reality-based-upper-limb-stroke-rehabilitation-device-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Alyson Warland, Ioannis Paraskevopoulos, Emmanuel Tsekleves, Jennifer Ryan, Alexander Nowicky, Joanne Griscti, Hannah Levings, Cherry Kilbride
PURPOSE: To establish feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of an adapted version of a commercially available, virtual-reality gaming system (the Personalised Stroke Therapy system) for upper-limb rehabilitation with community dwelling stroke-survivors. METHOD: Twelve stroke-survivors (nine females, mean age 58 years, [standard deviation 7.1], median stroke chronicity 42 months [interquartile range 34.7], Motricity index 14-25 for shoulder and elbow) were asked to complete nine, 40-min intervention sessions using two activities on the system over 3 weeks...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643584/effects-of-virtual-reality-intervention-on-upper-limb-motor-function-and-activity-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-lesions-in-different-regions-of-the-brain
#14
Sang-Mi Jung, Won-Ho Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate whether a virtual reality (VR) intervention has an influence in improving the motor function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with lesions in different regions of the brain. [Subjects and Methods] Eleven subjects with hemiplegic stroke were recruited in this study, which was conducted from January to February, 2017. They received a VR intervention once a day for 30 min, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) and the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI) were used to assess the post-stroke patients' motor function and ADLs, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643578/effect-of-mirror-therapy-and-electrical-stimulation-on-upper-extremity-function-in-stroke-with-hemiplegic-patient-a-pilot-study
#15
Young-Rim Paik, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Doo-Ho Lee, Hee-Su Park, Dong-Hwan Oh
[Purpose] This study investigated the effects of mirror therapy and neuromuscular electrical stimulation on upper extremity function in stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] This study recruited 8 stroke patients. All patients were treated with mirror therapy and neuromuscular electrical stimulation five times per week for 4 weeks. Upper limb function evaluation was performed using upper extremity part of fugl meyer assessment. [Results] Before and after intervention, fugl meyer assessment showed significant improvement...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629581/vascularized-fibular-epiphyseal-transfer-for-proximal-humeral-reconstruction-in-children-with-a-primary-sarcoma-of-bone
#16
J D Stevenson, R Doxey, A Abudu, M Parry, S Evans, F Peart, L Jeys
Aims Preserving growth following limb-salvage surgery of the upper limb in children remains a challenge. Vascularized autografts may provide rapid biological incorporation with the potential for growth and longevity. In this study, we aimed to describe the outcomes following proximal humeral reconstruction with a vascularized fibular epiphyseal transfer in children with a primary sarcoma of bone. We also aimed to quantify the hypertrophy of the graft and the annual growth, and to determine the functional outcomes of the neoglenofibular joint...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628687/megaprosthesis-versus-allograft-prosthesis-composite-for-massive-skeletal-defects
#17
REVIEW
Deepak Gautam, Rajesh Malhotra
Massive skeletal defects are encountered in the setting of tumors necessitating excision, failed total hip arthroplasty with periprosthetic bone loss, periprosthetic fracture, complex trauma, multiple failed osteosynthesis and infection. Reconstruction of the segmental defects poses a tremendous challenge to the orthopaedic surgeons. The goal of osseous reconstruction of these defects is to restore the bone length and function. Currently the most commonly employed methods for reconstruction are either a megaprosthesis or an Allograft Prosthesis Composite (APC)...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627149/combined-bilobed-trapezius-myocutaneous-and-scapula-osteomyocutaneous-flaps-for-the-restoration-of-through-and-through-defects-of-the-mandible-following-salvage-surgery-for-recurrent-head-and-neck-tumours
#18
W-L Chen, Z-Q Huang, B Zhou, Y Wang, R Chen
This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of combined bilobed trapezius myocutaneous and scapula osteomyocutaneous flaps for the restoration of through-and-through defects of the mandible. The subjects were six patients with recurrent malignant tumours who underwent salvage surgeries and reconstruction with combined flaps based on the transverse cervical vessels (TCVs). All patients had combined bone (four type H, one type LCL, and one type C) and extensive soft tissue defects (through-and-through defects) following salvage surgery...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625704/the-keystone-flap-in-dermatology-clinical-experience-with-18-patients
#19
R Aragón-Miguel, M Gutiérrez-Pascual, A Sánchez-Gilo, J Sanz-Bueno, F J Vicente-Martin
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The keystone flap is a fasciocutaneous flap supplied by perforating arteries. It is used in dermatology to repair surgical defects in areas with low skin extensibility (the upper and lower limbs and the back). We review the clinical experience gained with keystone flap reconstruction at our hospital and report on the surgical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive retrospective study of patients with malignant skin tumors on the lower limbs who underwent keystone flap reconstruction...
April 3, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619928/studies-of-upper-limb-pain-in-occupational-medicine-in-general-practice-and-among-computer-operators
#20
Jørgen Riis Jepsen
Diagnostic consensus criteria cannot be applied in a major proportion of patients with upper limb complaints, many of which are regarded as "non-specific". The three empirical studies in this thesis aimed to address this diagnostic challenge by incorporating representative neurological qualities in the physical examination.
Patterns of muscle weakness, sensory abnormalities and nerve trunk allodynia based on the nerves' topography and their motor and cutaneous innervation were defined to reflect peripheral nerve afflictions and their locations...
April 2018: Danish Medical Journal
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