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Shin splints

Ji Eun Woo, Yul-Hyun Park, Eun Ji Park, Kyu Yong Park, Sun Hee Kim, Shin-Young Yim
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with ear splint therapy for babies with ear deformities, and thereby demonstrate that this therapy is an effective and safe intervention without significant complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 54 babies (35 boys and 19 girls; 80 ears; age ≤3 months) with ear deformities who had received ear splint therapy at the Center for Torticollis, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ajou University Hospital between December 2014 and February 2016...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
February 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Jeremy Korsh, Douglas Matijakovich, Charles Gatt
Shin pain is a common complaint in adolescent athletes. The term "shin splints" has historically been applied to these patients. Shin splints, more often than not, refers to a stress reaction of the tibia from overuse. Overuse injuries occur when repetitive microtrauma to the bone exceeds the biologic healing potential. Diagnosis is based on typical history and physical examination findings. Plain radiographs and advanced imaging are rarely necessary but can provide valuable prognostic information. Treatment consists of adequate rest and exercise modification...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Zachary K Winkelmann, Dustin Anderson, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
Reference/Citation: Hamstra-Wright KL, Bliven KC, Bay C. Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6):362-369. CLINICAL QUESTION: What factors put physically active individuals at risk to develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS)? DATA SOURCES: The authors performed a literature search of CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from each database's inception to July 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Richard T Braver
Increased tissue pressure within a fascial compartment may be the result from any increase in volume within its contents, or any decrease in size of the fascial covering or its distensibility. This may lead to symptoms of leg tightness, pain or numbness brought about by exercise. There are multiple differential diagnoses of exercise induced leg pain and the proper diagnoses of chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is made by a careful history and by exclusion of other maladies and confirmed by compartment syndrome testing as detailed in this text...
April 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
BACKGROUND: NCAA strength and conditioning coaches are responsible for the day-to-day conditioning and strength training of collegiate athletes. NCAA regulations will likely require all strength and conditioning coaches to have a strength and conditioning certification. NCAA strength and conditioning coaches have varied philosophies on exercise programming based on educational background. The study aims to further evaluate the backgrounds and exercise philosophies of NCAA strength and conditioning coaches...
October 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Andreas Toepfer, Norbert Harrasser, Ulrich Lenze, Franz Liska, Heinrich Mühlhofer, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Ingo J Banke
BACKGROUND: Medial tibial stress syndrome is one of the most common causes of exertional leg pain in runners whereas musculoskeletal tumors and tumor-like lesions are rare encounters in orthopedic sports medicine practice. Unicameral (simple) bone cyst is a well-known tumor-like lesions of the bone typically affecting children and adolescents. Bilateral occurrence is very rare though and has never been reported before in both tibiae. Failing to accurately diagnose a tumorous lesion can entail far-reaching consequences for both patients and physicians...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Sang Soo Yu, Pil Dong Cho, Hyun Woo Shin, Seung Chul Rhee, Soo Hyang Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between Kirschner wire (K-wire) splinting and intranasal packing. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective and comparative analysis of subjective patient discomfort and objective postoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging after closed reduction for treating type II and type III nasal bone fractures from April 2010 to April 2013 in 2 groups, 1 with K-wire splinting and 1 with intranasal packing...
July 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Sarah Fogarty
As students and practitioners we are taught about the treatment and causative factors of medial shin pain, in particular' shin splints' or the more recent term; medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). During the years there have been many theories, conjecture and misunderstandings about the mechanisms of 'shin splints/medial tibial stress syndrome' however the ramifications of these mechanisms on how massage treatment is delivered have not being discussed. The evidence for the treatment of MTSS is largely clinical with little evidence of any treatment being proven to be effective in treating MTSS...
July 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Shin Ae Park, Jill Covert, Leandro Teixeira, Monica J Motta, Sara L DeRemer, Nicholas L Abbott, Richard Dubielzig, Michael Schurr, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff, Jonathan F McAnulty, Christopher J Murphy
The murine dorsum dermal excisional wound model has been widely utilized with or without splint application. However, variations in experimental methods create challenges for direct comparison of results provided in the literature and for design of new wound healing studies. Here, we investigated the effects of wound location and size, number of wounds, type of adhesive used for splint fixation on wound healing using splinted or unsplinted dorsum excisional full thickness wound models. One or two 6- or 8-mm full thickness wounds were made with or without splinting in genetically diabetic but heterozygous mice (Dock7(m)  + / + Lepr(db) )...
March 2015: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Krista A Keller, Joanne Paul-Murphy, E P Scott Weber, Philip H Kass, Sanchez-Migallon David Guzman, Shin Ae Park, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Kate A Gustavsen, Christopher J Murphy
Wounds in reptiles are a common reason for presentation to a veterinarian. At this time there is limited information on effective topical medications to aid in wound closure. The objectives of this study were to translate the splinted, full-thickness dermal wound model, validated in mice, to the bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) and to determine the effect of topical becaplermin (BP), a platelet-derived growth factor (0.01%), on the rate of wound closure. Ten bearded dragons were anesthetized and two full-thickness cutaneous wounds were made on the dorsum of each lizard...
December 2014: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jason S Pruzansky, Peter Goljan, David P Lundmark, Eon K Shin, Sidney M Jacoby, A Lee Osterman
BACKGROUND: Trigger digit is a common pathology encountered by hand surgeons, but there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines. We investigated the treatment preferences of hand surgeons and explored whether geographic location, type of residency training, or clinical experience is associated with differences in practice. METHODS: An online survey was distributed via email by the American Association for Hand Surgery to 615 members. The survey consisted of 17 questions related to conservative and operative management of trigger digits...
December 2014: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Christoph Schulze, Susanne Finze, Rainer Bader, Andreas Lison
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common problem among athletes and soldiers. There is no proven theory that could explain the pathophysiology of shin splints. The therapies described so far are time-consuming and involve a high risk of relapse. The method according to the fascial distortion model (FDM) addresses local changes in the area of the lower leg fascia. It is suited to reduce pain and functional impairments associated with this symptom complex by applying targeted manual techniques. 32 patients (male: 30; female: 2) participated in this study...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
V Sabeti, N Khoshraftar Yazdi, N Bizheh
AIM: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), commonly known as ''shin splints,'' is a frequent injury of the lower extremity and one of the most common causes of exertional leg pain in athletes. The aim of this study was to study the relationship between Shin splints, anthropometric characteristics and some indicators of body composition. METHOD: In this descriptive - comparative study, thirty--five students of physical education were evaluated in two groups: Shin Splints group [(n=17) , mean (± SD) height and weight, 161...
October 6, 2014: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Madhuri Shimpi Mahajan
A thigh splint (adductor insertion avulsion syndrome) is a relatively uncommon diagnosis analogous to shin splints. This article reports a 19-year-old female patient NOT a regular athlete who presented with groin pain. Physical examination was non-specific; magnetic resonance imaging pelvis did not reveal any abnormality. Patient referred for whole body bone scan, especially to locate any abnormality in the spine. This study highlights the role of whole body bone scan in the evaluation of groin pain and importance of evaluation of whole lower extremity...
May 2013: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Shin Ae Park, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Nihar M Shah, Leandro Teixeira, Monica J Motta, Jill Covert, Richard Dubielzig, Michael Schurr, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff, Nicholas L Abbott, Jonathan McAnulty, Christopher J Murphy
Topical application of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is considered to accelerate tissue repair of impaired chronic wounds. However, the vast literature is plagued with conflicting reports of its efficacy in animal models and this is often influenced by a wide array of experimental variables making it difficult to compare the results across the studies. To mitigate the confounding variables that influence the efficacy of topically applied PDGF-BB, we used a controlled full thickness splinted excisional wound model in db/db mice (type 2 diabetic mouse model) for our investigations...
2014: PloS One
Dong-Seok Sohn, Jae-Mok Lee, In-Sook Park, Heui-Seung Jung, Do-Young Park, Im-Hee Shin
The purpose of this study was to analyze clinical and radiographic outcomes of sintered porous-surfaced dental implants placed in partially edentulous posterior maxillae. The study group consisted of 42 partially edentulous patients who received sinus augmentation using the lateral window technique or crestal approach at Catholic University Hospital of Daegu and one private clinic. The 42 patients received a total of 92 sintered porous-surfaced dental implants in the edentulous posterior maxillae. All implants were restored with fixed prostheses...
July 2014: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Lesley Flynt, Helena R Balon
Stress injury is a common cause of exercise-induced anterior shin pain. It is important to distinguish between the various causes of stress injury in a timely manner in order to optimize favorable treatment outcomes. Here, we will discuss a case of medial tibial stress syndrome, or shin splints, as one of the causes of shin pain, as well as how to approach shin pain for a successful diagnosis.
September 2014: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Shin Ae Park, Leandro B C Teixeira, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Jill Covert, Richard R Dubielzig, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff, Michael Schurr, Nicholas L Abbott, Jonathan McAnulty, Christopher J Murphy
The excisional dorsal full-thickness skin wound model with or without splinting is widely utilized in wound healing studies using diabetic or normal mice. However, the effects of splinting on dermal wound healing have not been fully characterized, and there are limited data on the direct comparison of wound parameters in the splinted model between diabetic and normal mice. We compared full-thickness excisional dermal wound healing in db/db and heterozygous mice by investigating the effects of splinting, semi-occlusive dressing, and poly(ethylene glycol) treatment...
May 2014: Wound Repair and Regeneration
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