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Shin splints

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172391/measurement-of-knee-rotation-angles-using-a-smartphone-application-an-experimental-study-of-porcine-knees
#1
Hee-June Kim, Hyun-Joo Lee, Ji-Yeon Shin, Young-Seo Choi, Hee-Soo Kyung
Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of a smartphone application in the measurement of rotation angles in porcine knees. Materials and Methods: Two K-wires were fixated to the femoral condyle and anterior tibial crest of 10 porcine legs. The angle created between the K-wires with an external rotation force applied was measured on a photograph and defined as the true angle. The same force was applied to the legs placed on a splint with a smartphone attached to the plantar side...
December 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072026/functional-outcomes-of-kinesio-taping-versus-standard-orthotics-in-the-management-of-shin-splint
#2
Shaji J Kachanathu, Fahad S Algarni, Shibili Nuhmani, Aqeel M Alenazi, Ashraf R Hafez, Abdulrahman D Algarni
BACKGROUND: Exercise-related or lower-limb overuse injury characterized by pain located between the knee and the ankle that occurs during activity is commonly referred to as shin splint. Hyperpronation is considered the ultimate culprit in the development of overuse injuries such as shin splint. This study endeavors to compare the functional outcomes of the most commonly used anti-pronation techniques, kinesio taping and standard orthotics. METHODS: A total of 40 subjects (mean age, 24...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040289/sole-vibration-improves-locomotion-through-the-recovery-of-joint-movements-in-a-mouse-cast-model
#3
Atsushi Doi, Kazuaki Miyamoto, Yu-Shin Nakano, Juntaro Sakasaki, Syota Kasae, Keisuke Nishimura, Min-Chul Shin, Megumu Yoshimura
We investigated the effects of a vibratory stimulus on the plantar surface of the hind limb for motor, sensory, and locomotive function using a mouse cast model. The right knee joint of C57BL/6 male mice (7 weeks, 20 g, n = 31) was flexed with aluminum splint and tape for 6 weeks. These mice were randomly divided into 2 groups (control group, n = 11 and vibration group, n = 12). The mice in the vibration group received vibration on the sole of the ankle for 15 minutes per day, 5 days per week. After the knee joint cast was removed, we measured the range of motion (ROM) of both knee and ankle joints and the sensory threshold of the sole...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902098/repair-of-the-thumb-ulnar-collateral-ligament-with-suture-tape-augmentation
#4
Anthony F De Giacomo, Steven S Shin
One of the most commonly injured structures of the thumb metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint is the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL). An acute injury of this ligament is often amenable to primary repair. Despite the favorable outcomes of primary repair, the thumb is often restricted during initial healing of the ligament with immobilization and delayed rehabilitation. We present a novel technique to augment the repair of the UCL with suture tape to provide immediate biomechanical support and strength during the critical time of ligament healing...
December 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626332/3d-motion-analysis-of-the-wrist-splint-effect-to-wrist-joint-movement
#5
Joong-Il Shin, Soo-Hee Park
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the degree of straightness of the wrist joint, depending on the use of a wrist splint while opening a bottle cap. Its results may provide data for later studies on preventing accidents at workplaces and improving efficiency. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty Male and Female in their twenties who did not have hand-related diseases, fractures, or history that included neurological impairments associated with the hand were selected as subjects of the study. Wrist splints were made to fit the hand and lower arm of each subject...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494036/epidemiology-of-implant-mortality-disparity-among-intraoral-positions-and-prosthesis-types
#6
Yong-Geun Choi, Steven E Eckert, Kyung Lhi Kang, Sang-Wan Shin, Young-Kyun Kim
PURPOSE: To examine the disparity of single-crown implant failure with a similar loss of the splinted prosthesis in differing anatomical locations while controlling for other demographic and clinical variables that may confound the relationship between prosthesis types and implant loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study was designed to include patients treated with dental implants from 2003 to 2014. The variables included age, sex, systemic disease, bone graft, implant placement date, position of dental implant, length of dental implant, diameter of dental implant, loading time, type of prosthesis, type of opposing occlusion, latest check date, and survival or loss of the dental implant...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289646/effectiveness-of-ear-splint-therapy-for-ear-deformities
#7
Ji Eun Woo, Yul-Hyun Park, Eun Ji Park, Kyu Yong Park, Sun Hee Kim, Shin-Young Yim
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with ear splint therapy for babies with ear deformities, and thereby demonstrate that this therapy is an effective and safe intervention without significant complications. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 54 babies (35 boys and 19 girls; 80 ears; age ≤3 months) with ear deformities who had received ear splint therapy at the Center for Torticollis, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ajou University Hospital between December 2014 and February 2016...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#8
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079916/adolescent-shin-pain
#9
Jeremy Korsh, Douglas Matijakovich, Charles Gatt
Shin pain is a common complaint in adolescent athletes. The term "shin splints" has historically been applied to these patients. Shin splints, more often than not, refers to a stress reaction of the tibia from overuse. Overuse injuries occur when repetitive microtrauma to the bone exceeds the biologic healing potential. Diagnosis is based on typical history and physical examination findings. Plain radiographs and advanced imaging are rarely necessary but can provide valuable prognostic information. Treatment consists of adequate rest and exercise modification...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835043/risk-factors-for-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-active-individuals-an-evidence-based-review
#10
REVIEW
Zachary K Winkelmann, Dustin Anderson, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
Reference/Citation: Hamstra-Wright KL, Bliven KC, Bay C. Risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in physically active individuals such as runners and military personnel: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6):362-369. CLINICAL QUESTION: What factors put physically active individuals at risk to develop medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS)? DATA SOURCES: The authors performed a literature search of CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from each database's inception to July 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761219/personal-trainer-demographics-current-practice-trends-and-common-trainee-injuries
#11
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013413/chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
Richard T Braver
Increased tissue pressure within a fascial compartment may be the result from any increase in volume within its contents, or any decrease in size of the fascial covering or its distensibility. This may lead to symptoms of leg tightness, pain or numbness brought about by exercise. There are multiple differential diagnoses of exercise induced leg pain and the proper diagnoses of chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is made by a careful history and by exclusion of other maladies and confirmed by compartment syndrome testing as detailed in this text...
April 2016: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26473446/ncaa-strength-and-conditioning-coach-demographics-current-practice-trends-and-common-injuries-of-athletes-during-strength-and-conditioning-sessions
#13
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
BACKGROUND: NCAA strength and conditioning coaches are responsible for the day-to-day conditioning and strength training of collegiate athletes. NCAA regulations will likely require all strength and conditioning coaches to have a strength and conditioning certification. NCAA strength and conditioning coaches have varied philosophies on exercise programming based on educational background. The study aims to further evaluate the backgrounds and exercise philosophies of NCAA strength and conditioning coaches...
October 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296652/bilateral-diaphyseal-bone-cysts-of-the-tibia-mimicking-shin-splints-in-a-young-professional-athlete-a-case-report-and-depiction-of-a-less-invasive-surgical-technique
#14
Andreas Toepfer, Norbert Harrasser, Ulrich Lenze, Franz Liska, Heinrich Mühlhofer, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Ingo J Banke
BACKGROUND: Medial tibial stress syndrome is one of the most common causes of exertional leg pain in runners whereas musculoskeletal tumors and tumor-like lesions are rare encounters in orthopedic sports medicine practice. Unicameral (simple) bone cyst is a well-known tumor-like lesions of the bone typically affecting children and adolescents. Bilateral occurrence is very rare though and has never been reported before in both tibiae. Failing to accurately diagnose a tumorous lesion can entail far-reaching consequences for both patients and physicians...
August 23, 2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163842/a-comparison-between-k-wire-splinting-and-intranasal-gauze-packing-in-nasal-bone-fracture
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sang Soo Yu, Pil Dong Cho, Hyun Woo Shin, Seung Chul Rhee, Soo Hyang Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes between Kirschner wire (K-wire) splinting and intranasal packing. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective and comparative analysis of subjective patient discomfort and objective postoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging after closed reduction for treating type II and type III nasal bone fractures from April 2010 to April 2013 in 2 groups, 1 with K-wire splinting and 1 with intranasal packing...
July 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26118516/massage-treatment-and-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-a-commentary-to-provoke-thought-about-the-way-massage-therapy-is-used-in-the-treatment-of-mtss
#16
Sarah Fogarty
As students and practitioners we are taught about the treatment and causative factors of medial shin pain, in particular' shin splints' or the more recent term; medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). During the years there have been many theories, conjecture and misunderstandings about the mechanisms of 'shin splints/medial tibial stress syndrome' however the ramifications of these mechanisms on how massage treatment is delivered have not being discussed. The evidence for the treatment of MTSS is largely clinical with little evidence of any treatment being proven to be effective in treating MTSS...
July 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25703258/importance-of-defining-experimental-conditions-in-a-mouse-excisional-wound-model
#17
Shin Ae Park, Jill Covert, Leandro Teixeira, Monica J Motta, Sara L DeRemer, Nicholas L Abbott, Richard Dubielzig, Michael Schurr, Roslyn Rivkah Isseroff, Jonathan F McAnulty, Christopher J Murphy
The murine dorsum dermal excisional wound model has been widely utilized with or without splint application. However, variations in experimental methods create challenges for direct comparison of results provided in the literature and for design of new wound healing studies. Here, we investigated the effects of wound location and size, number of wounds, type of adhesive used for splint fixation on wound healing using splinted or unsplinted dorsum excisional full thickness wound models. One or two 6- or 8-mm full thickness wounds were made with or without splinting in genetically diabetic but heterozygous mice (Dock7(m)  + / + Lepr(db) )...
March 2015: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25632675/assessment-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor-using-a-splinted-full-thickness-dermal-wound-model-in-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Krista A Keller, Joanne Paul-Murphy, E P Scott Weber, Philip H Kass, Sanchez-Migallon David Guzman, Shin Ae Park, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Kate A Gustavsen, Christopher J Murphy
Wounds in reptiles are a common reason for presentation to a veterinarian. At this time there is limited information on effective topical medications to aid in wound closure. The objectives of this study were to translate the splinted, full-thickness dermal wound model, validated in mice, to the bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) and to determine the effect of topical becaplermin (BP), a platelet-derived growth factor (0.01%), on the rate of wound closure. Ten bearded dragons were anesthetized and two full-thickness cutaneous wounds were made on the dorsum of each lizard...
December 2014: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25414617/treatment-preferences-for-trigger-digit-by-members-of-the-american-association-for-hand-surgery
#19
Jason S Pruzansky, Peter Goljan, David P Lundmark, Eon K Shin, Sidney M Jacoby, A Lee Osterman
BACKGROUND: Trigger digit is a common pathology encountered by hand surgeons, but there is a lack of evidence-based guidelines. We investigated the treatment preferences of hand surgeons and explored whether geographic location, type of residency training, or clinical experience is associated with differences in practice. METHODS: An online survey was distributed via email by the American Association for Hand Surgery to 615 members. The survey consisted of 17 questions related to conservative and operative management of trigger digits...
December 2014: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25379543/treatment-of-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-according-to-the-fascial-distortion-model-a-prospective-case-control-study
#20
Christoph Schulze, Susanne Finze, Rainer Bader, Andreas Lison
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common problem among athletes and soldiers. There is no proven theory that could explain the pathophysiology of shin splints. The therapies described so far are time-consuming and involve a high risk of relapse. The method according to the fascial distortion model (FDM) addresses local changes in the area of the lower leg fascia. It is suited to reduce pain and functional impairments associated with this symptom complex by applying targeted manual techniques. 32 patients (male: 30; female: 2) participated in this study...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
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