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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777246/a-review-of-tinea-capitis-in-a-cohort-of-asian-children
#1
Colin Wx Tan, Alice Yw Foong, Hui Min Liew, Mark J Koh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692458/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-tinea-capitis-in-children-from-egypt
#2
Reham William Doss, Abdel-Aziz El-Rifaie, Nagla Radi, Aya Yehia El-Sherif
Background: Dermatophytic fungi of genera Trichophyton and Microsporum are the most important fungal species causing tinea capitis. Choice of treatment for tinea capitis is determined by the species of fungus. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the most prevalent fungal species causing tinea capitis in children from Egypt and the most useful antifungal agent for treatment. Patients and Methods: A total of 100 patients diagnosed clinically with tinea capitis were included in the study...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606407/epidemiology-of-dermatophytoses-in-31-municipalities-of-the-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina-a-6-year-study
#3
Mariana Mazza, Nicolás Refojo, Graciela Davel, Nelson Lima, Nicolina Dias, Cosme Marcelo Furtado Passos da Silva, Cristina Elena Canteros
BACKGROUND: No reliable data are available in the province of Buenos Aires regarding the frequency of dermatophytoses and other fungal diseases. The distribution of the clinical forms and the species involved are also unknown. AIMS: To present the data collected by the laboratories participating in the Mycology Network of the province of Buenos Aires (MNPBA) from a retrospective epidemiological survey on dermatophytoses. METHODS: A descriptive and exploratory analysis was performed on the cases of dermatophytoses gathered between 2002 and 2007 by the Mycology Network of the province of Buenos Aires...
March 29, 2018: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601494/the-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-cameroon
#4
Christine E Mandengue, David W Denning
Fungal infections are frequent in Cameroon, and invasive fungal infections are sometimes detected, usually in HIV-infected patients. For these reasons, we have estimated the burden of fungal infections. Using published literature and population estimates for the at-risk group, we used deterministic modelling to derive national incidence and prevalence estimates for the most serious fungal diseases. HIV infection is common and an estimated 120,000 have CD4 counts <200 × 10⁶/mL and commonly present with opportunistic infection...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589043/-tinea-capitis-and-onychomycosis-due-to-trichophyton-soudanense-successful-treatment-with-fluconazole-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
P Nenoff, C Krüger, I Schulze, D Koch, N Rahmig, U-C Hipler, S Uhrlaß
Two African girls who moved to Germany only 4 weeks ago presented to the dermatological office with itchy and scaling skin lesions of the scalp and the thighs. The entire scalp of both girls was affected by a white, dry dandruff and a squamous crust. Dry centrifugal spreading erythematosquamous lesions were found on the thighs. The surface of the left thumbnail of the younger girl was whitish. The Blancophor® preparations which were performed under the suspicion of a tinea capitis et corporis and onychomycosis from skin scrapings of the scalp and the thighs, and from the thumbnail of the younger child were positive...
March 27, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573445/emergence-of-african-species-of-dermatophytes-in-tinea-capitis-a-17-year-experience-in-a-montreal-pediatric-hospital
#6
Danielle Marcoux, Julie Dang, Hedwige Auguste, Catherine McCuaig, Julie Powell, Afshin Hatami, Catherine Maari, Jean-Baptiste Le Meur
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An increase in dermatophyte infections caused by African species is reported in countries receiving African immigrants. Our goal was to determine the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of tinea capitis in children infected with African species of dermatophytes in Montreal, Canada. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data from medical records of children infected with African species of dermatophytes were retrieved retrospectively (2000-2016) at Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573271/a-study-of-skin-disease-spectrum-occurring-in-angola-phototype-v-vi-population-in-luanda
#7
David A De Luca, Ziv Maianski, Michael Averbukh
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of skin diseases in Luanda (Angola) is unknown, and publications are barely found in the literature. We aim to describe, for the first time, the frequency of skin disease spectrum in phototype V-VI Angolan population in Luanda City. METHODS: We included Fitzpatrick phototype V-VI Angolan patients who consulted the Dermatology Unit in Luanda Medical Center during a 1-year period. Medical information was recovered from the electronic database, and diagnoses were based on ICD-10...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569271/trichoscopy-of-alopecia-areata-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Anna Waśkiel, Adriana Rakowska, Mariusz Sikora, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
The diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually based on clinical manifestations. However, there are several hair and scalp disorders that share similar clinical features with alopecia areata, such as tinea capitis, trichotillomania or traction alopecia. Trichoscopy as a fast, non-invasive and easy-to-perform technique may help to identify subtle details and establish the correct diagnosis. The aim of this review is to present the spectrum of trichoscopic findings in alopecia areata. A systematic review of the published work was performed by searching the PubMed, Scopus and EBSCO databases, complemented by a thorough hand search of reference lists...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557619/-tinea-capitis-by-microsporum-gypseum-an-infrequent-species
#9
Lidia García-Agudo, Jorge J Espinosa-Ruiz
Tinea capitis is considered the most frequent dermatophyte infection in children. The etiological agents vary from time to time and by geographical area, although they normally are zoophilic dermatophytes and in the last years also anthropophilic species. We report a clinical case of inflammatory tinea capitis in a 6-year-old child caused by Microsporum gypseum, a geophilic fungus pathogenic to humans and animals. The sources of human infection are soil, cats, dogs and small mammals. This species is less frequent as a cause of dermatophytosis in humans, described mainly in tinea corporis and rarely in tinea capitis...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534500/burden-of-severe-fungal-infections-in-burkina-faso
#10
Sanata Bamba, Adama Zida, Ibrahim Sangaré, Mamoudou Cissé, David W Denning, Christophe Hennequin
Because of the limited access to more powerful diagnostic tools, there is a paucity of data regarding the burden of fungal infections in Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of serious fungal infections in this sub-Saharan country. We primarily used the national demographic data and performed a PubMed search to retrieve all published papers on fungal infections from Burkina Faso and its surrounding West African countries. Considering the prevalence of HIV infection (0...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518045/an-estimate-of-severe-and-chronic-fungal-diseases-in-the-republic-of-kazakhstan
#11
Vadim M Kemaykin, Nariman B Tabinbaev, Mahira S Khudaibergenova, Anastasia A Olifirovich, Layzzat M Abdrakhmanova, David W Denning, Nikolai Klimko
Our work aimed to generate a preliminary estimation of severe and chronic fungal diseases in the Republic of Kazakhstan with a model proposed by LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education). Calculations were carried out on data from 2015. Published results of studies of mycoses in Kazakhstan were identified; in the absence of national data from the scientific literature, the frequency of life-threatening and serious mycoses in defined groups of patients at risk from other countries were taken into account...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491232/molecular-epidemiology-of-trichophyton-tonsurans-the-causative-dermatophyte-of-the-tinea-gladiatorum-epidemic-in-japan-between-2011-and-2015
#12
Yuichi Sakata, Tsuyoshi Ushigami, Kazushi Anzawa, Takashi Mochizuki
Trichophyton tonsurans, a major pathogen causing tinea capitis and tinea corporis, has been isolated from contact sports-players in Japan. The molecular types of 208 strains isolated between 2011 and 2015 were determined to understand the contemporary Japanese epidemic. Of these, 142 were isolated from practitioners of judo, 28 from wrestlers, 7 from sumo wrestlers, and 31 from individuals with unknown backgrounds. Based on length polymorphisms of the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) region of the ribosomal RNA gene, these 208 strains were divided into 3 subtypes: NTS I (204; 98...
March 22, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484004/psoriasiform-dermatophytosis-in-a-bulgarian-child
#13
Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Tchernev
Although tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children, significant changes have been reported in its epidemiology worldwide, as a result from certain geographic, climatic and cultural differences in one hand, as well as the changes in its etiologic pattern. The clinical manifestation of the infection and the stage of inflammation vary from mild desquamation to severe suppurative indurated plaques in kerion - like the pattern, depending on the nature of the etiologic agent and the host-immune response...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464746/basal-cell-carcinoma-induced-by-therapeutic-radiation-for-tinea-capitis-clinicopathological-study
#14
Shlomit Oshinsky, Sharon Baum, Monica Huszar, Assaf Debby, Aviv Barzilai
AIMS: An increased prevalence of aggressive histological subtypes, such as micronodular and morpheaform, has been seen, irrespective of the clinical course, in basal cell carcinoma (BCC) following irradiation for tinea capitis. The aim of this study was to assess the histopathological features of BCCs among patients irradiated for tinea capitis and correlate them with the clinical course. METHODS AND RESULTS: The medical records and BCC biopsy specimens of individuals who were previously irradiated for tinea capitis were reviewed...
February 21, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461943/is-low-dose-radiation-exposure-a-risk-factor-for-atherosclerotic-disease
#15
Paula Boaventura, Cecília Durães, Adélia Mendes, Natália Rios Costa, Inês Chora, Sara Ferreira, Emanuel Araújo, Pedro Lopes, Gilberto Rosa, Pedro Marques, Sofia Tavares, Vanessa Chaves, Paulo Bettencourt, Inês Oliveira, Francisco Costa, Isabel Ramos, Maria José Teles, João Tiago Guimarães, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Paula Soares
Nontargeted late effects of radiation include an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, although this is still debatable in the context of low-dose radiation. Tinea capitis patients treated in childhood with X rays to induce scalp epilation received a low dose of radiation to their carotids. To better clarify this issue, we evaluated carotid atherosclerosis in a cohort of such patients treated in 1950-1963 in Portugal. A group of 454 individuals randomly chosen from previously observed Portuguese tinea capitis patients and a control group mainly composed of their spouses (n = 280) were enrolled...
April 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439839/characterizing-the-clinical-isolates-of-dermatophytes-in-hamadan-city-central-west-of-iran-using-pcr-rlfp-method
#16
S Farokhipor, S A Ghiasian, H Nazeri, M Kord, M Didehdar
OBJECTIVE: Dermatophytosis is one of the most common mycotic infections, which considered as a public health problem in the major of countries. This study evaluated the molecular epidemiology of dermatophytosis in patients referred to Farshchian hospital in Hamadan city with PCR-RFLP method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and five specimens from clinically suspected patients of dermatophytosis were collected and analyzed by direct microscopic and culture. The isolates were identified by PCR-RFLP method using the MvaI restriction enzyme...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433854/-dermatophytosis-due-to-trichophyton-violaceum-at-the-parasitology-mycology-laboratory-of-the-military-hospital-of-meknes-about-twelve-cases
#17
REVIEW
G Zoulati, R Y Maïga, M El Haouri, M Er-Rami
INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton violaceum is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, common in Mediterranean and African countries, which causes particularly trichophytic tinea in school-aged children. The objective of this work is to study the clinical and epidemiological profile of T. violaceum infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive retrospective study of a series of twelve cases of T. violaceum dermatophytosis diagnosed among patients referred to our laboratory for suspicion of dermatomycosis during a period from January 2011 to December 2016...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380297/epidemiology-of-fungal-infections-in-china
#18
REVIEW
Min Chen, Yuan Xu, Nan Hong, Yali Yang, Wenzhi Lei, Lin Du, Jingjun Zhao, Xia Lei, Lin Xiong, Langqi Cai, Hui Xu, Weihua Pan, Wanqing Liao
With the increasing number of immunocompromised hosts, the epidemiological characteristics of fungal infections have undergone enormous changes worldwide, including in China. In this paper, we reviewed the existing data on mycosis across China to summarize available epidemiological profiles. We found that the general incidence of superficial fungal infections in China has been stable, but the incidence of tinea capitis has decreased and the transmission route has changed. By contrast, the overall incidence of invasive fungal infections has continued to rise...
February 2018: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371507/burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-jordan
#19
Jamal Wadi, David W Denning
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of fungal infections in Jordan for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population data was from UN 2011 statistics and TB cases from WHO in 2012. Fewer than 100 patients with HIV were recorded in Jordan in 2013. Approximately 100 renal transplants and eight liver transplants are performed annually. There were 12,233 major surgical procedures in Jordan in 2013, of which 5.3% were major abdominal surgeries; candidemia was estimated in 5% of the population based on other countries, with 33% occurring in the ICU...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364534/italian-multicentre-study-found-infectious-and-vaccine-preventable-diseases-in-children-adopted-from-africa-and-recommends-prompt-medical-screening
#20
Elena Chiappini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Martina Bianconi, Giuseppina Veneruso, Nicolino Grasso, Silvia Garazzino, Rosangela Arancio, Piero Valentini, Anna Ficcadenti, Maria Rosalia Da Riol, Simona La Placa, Luisa Galli, Maurizio de Martino, Gianni Bona
AIM: This study evaluated the prevalence of infectious diseases and immunisation status of children adopted from Africa. METHODS: We studied 762 African children referred to 11 Italian paediatric centres in 2009-2015. Clinical and laboratory data were retrospectively collected and analysed. RESULTS: The median age of the children (60.3% males) was 3 years and 6 months, 52.6% came from Ethiopia and 50.1% had at least one infectious disease...
January 24, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
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