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tinea capitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871931/kerion-celsi-due-to-microsporum-canis-with-a-dermatophytid-reaction
#1
Biljana Gorgievska-Sukarovska, Mihael Skerlev, Lidija Žele-Starčević, Karmela Husar, Mirna Halasz
Microsporum (M.) canis is the most common fungus to cause tinea capitis in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region and South and Central Europe. Fungal scalp infections caused by M. canis tend to be non-inflammatory. Recently, a growing number of cases of tinea capitis characterized by inflammatory infection caused by M. canis and M. gypseum have been registered. We present a case of highly inflammatory tinea capitis, also known as kerion celsi, caused by M. canis in a 6-year-old-patient. Scalp infections due to M...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840426/human-infections-with-microsporum-gypseum-complex-nannizzia-gypsea-in-slovenia
#2
Mateja Dolenc-Voljč, Jurij Gasparič
Microsporum gypseum complex is a group of geophillic dermatophytes with a worldwide distribution and is a rare cause of dermatomycoses in humans. The infection most commonly presents as tinea corporis, with some geographical and occupational variations. We studied M. gypseum complex infections in patients examined in the Mycological Laboratory of the Department of Dermatovenereology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, during the period 2000-2015. Diagnosis was confirmed by mycological examination. Skin scales were examined by direct microscopy and cultivated on Sabouraud glucose agar...
August 24, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839385/tinea-capitis-in-children-and-trichoscopic-criteria
#3
Ebtisam Elghblawi
Tinea capitis is the most common pediatric superficial dermatophyte infection. The causative species vary, as for instance, Microsporum canis predominates in Europe, while Trichophyton tonsurans predominates in North America. Tinea capitis does not respond well to topical therapy alone, thus oral therapy is requisite. The drug of choice is griseofulvin; however in some countries, it is no longer available. Fungal culture should be requested in the persistent, scalp lesion and trichoscopy can put forward a speedy diagnosis by its characteristic findings...
April 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817957/case-report-of-onychomycosis-and-tinea-corporis-due-to-microsporum-gypseum
#4
Jesse M Fike, Ramya Kollipara, Suzanne Alkul, Cloyce L Stetson
BACKGROUND: Microsporum gypseum is a geophilic dermatophyte that colonises keratinous substances in the soil. Fur-bearing animals carry this dermatophyte but are rarely infected. Human infection can be acquired from the soil, carrier or infected animals, and rarely other humans. M gypseum is an uncommon cause of cutaneous infection in humans and typically manifests as tinea corporis, tinea barbae, and tinea capitis. Onychomycosis is rarely caused by M gypseum. CASE SUMMARY: We present a case of a 32-year-old white man who presented with a red scaly rash and nail dystrophy after adopting a pet rat 10 years prior to presentation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791288/a-practical-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hair-loss-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Liwen Xu, Kevin X Liu, Maryanne M Senna
Hair loss or alopecia is a common and distressing clinical complaint in the primary care setting and can arise from heterogeneous etiologies. In the pediatric population, hair loss often presents with patterns that are different from that of their adult counterparts. Given the psychosocial complications that may arise from pediatric alopecia, prompt diagnosis and management is particularly important. Common causes of alopecia in children and adolescents include alopecia areata, tinea capitis, androgenetic alopecia, traction alopecia, trichotillomania, hair cycle disturbances, and congenital alopecia conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736794/tinea-capitis-by-microsporum-audouinii-case-reports-and-review-of-published-global-literature-2000-2016
#6
Fábio Brito-Santos, Maria Helena Galdino Figueiredo-Carvalho, Rowena Alves Coelho, Anna Sales, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes
Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum audouinii is reported herein from two Brazilian schoolchildren, which are brothers. Arthroconidia were evidenced on direct examination of scalp hair, and a fungus of the genus Microsporum was isolated from cultures of each patient. The isolated fungi were classified as M. audouinii by visualization of species-specific structures, including: pectinate hyphae, chlamydospores, and fusiform macroconidia, sterile growth with characteristic brown pigment in rice grains, and through DNA sequencing of the internal transcriber spacer region...
July 24, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681027/epidemiological-survey-of-dermatophytosis-in-damascus-syria-from-2008-to-2016
#7
M T Ismail, A Al-Kafri
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is important to follow annually the probable changes in distribution pattern of dermatophytosis and its etiological agents in different communities. In this study, we determined the prevalence of dermatophytosis and its causative agents in Damascus, Syria, between 2008 and 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 4080 outpatients who visited the dermatological clinics in Damascus, were evaluated. The specimens were collected from clinically suspected tinea...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646963/spectrum-and-burden-of-dermatophytes-in-children
#8
Leila Ferguson, L Claire Fuller
Tinea capitis is the most important superficial fungal condition in children. It is often unrecognised but the presence of alopecia, scale and lymphadenopathy, especially in inner-city children should prompt investigation. An understanding of changing epidemiology and prevalence of causative organisms is important in deciding appropriate therapy. The use of diagnostic aids including dermoscopy is increasing and is reported to be helpful in identifying subtle signs. Trichophyton tonsurans accounts for the majority of cases in the UK and terbinafine is increasingly advocated as a safe and effective therapy...
June 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566664/remarkable-works-and-cases-in-the-history-of-medical-mycology-in-japan
#9
Katsutaro Nishimoto
Several pathogenic fungi and cases related to Japanese medical mycologists were reviewed. Trichosporon inkin (as Sarcinomyces inkin) was reported as a pathogen of scrotal lesion by Oho in 1921, and Trichosporon asahii was isolated from generalized keratotic lesions in 1922 by Akagi in Japan. They were once included in Trichophyton beigelii, but then based on revision using DNA molecular technology, were returned to their original names.Microsporum ferrugineum was reported by Ota as a causative dermatophyte of tinea capitis in Japan and surrounding areas...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538903/epidemiological-profile-of-tinea-capitis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-city
#10
John Verrinder Veasey, Barbara Arruda Fraletti Miguel, Silvia Assumpção Soutto Mayor, Clarisse Zaitz, Laura Hitomi Muramatu, Juliane Agarinakamura Serrano
Tinea capitis is the most common fungal infection in children. The identification of the etiologic agent helps clinicians make their therapeutic choice. Studies conducted in different countries show a changing pattern of the main etiological agents according to their regions. We performed a retrospective study in the tertiary public service in São Paulo, analyzing the isolated etiological agents in patients with tinea capitis from March 2013 to May 2015. Microsporum canis was the main agent (56.6%), followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (36...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530060/-the-truth-about-the-ringworm-affair
#11
REVIEW
Aya Bar Oz
Ringworm of the scalp (Tinea Capitis), a fungal skin ailment that appears on the scalp, was treated until the early sixties by radiation therapy. It was discovered during the seventies that radiation treatment for ringworm may be associated with a higher risk of cancerous and benign tumors in the head and neck area for patients undergoing treatment. In 1995, Israel enacted a law to compensate ringworm irradiation patients which provided monetary compensation for those who were treated between 1946 and 1960...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528735/analysis-of-trichoscopic-signs-observed-in-24-patients-presenting-tinea-capitis-hypotheses-based-on-physiopathology-and-proposed-new-classification
#12
Y Bourezane, Y Bourezane
INTRODUCTION: Trichoscopy (hair dermoscopy) is a non-invasive and very useful technique for the diagnosis and follow-up of hair and scalp disorders. In tinea capitis, specific aspects of the hair shaft have been described, with the main ones being: comma hair, corkscrew hair, bar code-like hair (BCH) and zigzag hair (ZZH). METHOD: Herein we report on a retrospective study of 24 patients with tinea capitis (TC). All patients underwent trichoscopic examination and mycological culture...
May 18, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525623/the-survey-of-tinea-capitis-and-scalp-dermatophyte-carriage-in-nursing-home-residents
#13
Chien-Yio Lin, Hsiu-Jung Lo, Ming-Gene Tu, Yu-Ming Ju, Yun-Chen Fan, Chih-Chao Lin, Ya-Ting Chiang, Yun-Liang Yang, Kai-Ting Chen, Pei-Lun Sun
Tinea capitis is a contagious dermatophyte infection of scalp and associated hairs. On the other hand, asymptomatic carriage is a status of positive dermatophyte scalp culture, but without signs or symptoms of tinea capitis, and no evidence of hair shaft invasion confirmed by direct microscopy. Tinea capitis and asymptomatic carriage mostly occur in children, but adult females are becoming another population in recent decades. In this study, we focused on the prevalence and related fungi of tinea capitis and asymptomatic carriage in elderly by the shampoo brush method, as well as the source of transmission, in 10 nursing home residents...
May 18, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501468/-tinea-capitis-main-mycosis-child-epidemiological-study-on-10years
#14
A Kallel, A Hdider, N Fakhfakh, S Belhadj, N Belhadj-Salah, N Bada, A Chouchen, S Ennigrou, K Kallel
Despite the changes in their epidemiology, and the improving level of hygiene of the population, tinea capitis is still considered a public health problem in our country, and is the most common type of dermatophytosis in our country. The aim of our study was to evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and mycological features of tinea capitis in children encountered in the Tunis region. A retrospective study concerned 1600 children aged 6 months to 15 years suspected to have tinea capitis was conducted in Parasitology-Mycology laboratory, Rabta hospital, over a 10-years period (2005-2014)...
May 10, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492205/the-identification-and-grading-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-tinea-capitis-in-primary-school-children-in-a-semi-urban-area-of-rivers-state-nigeria
#15
Agnes E Fienemika, Chukwuma U Okeafor
INTRODUCTION: Tinea capitis is a fungal skin disease, which is not life-threatening but could affect the psychosocial life of those suffering from it. Thus, this study sought to identify and grade the psychosocial impact related to Tinea capitis in primary school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving primary school children in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State. These children had been clinically diagnosed with Tinea capitis...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442876/idiosyncratic-findings-in-trichoscopy-of-tinea-capitis-comma-zigzag-hairs-corkscrew-and-morse-code-like-hair
#16
Ebtisam Elghblawi
Dermoscopy is a method of growing significance in the diagnoses of dermatological pigmented skin diseases. However, in my case, mycology culture was negative and successful treatment was given on the basis of trichoscopy and wood lamp examination. I hereby describe a young boy with tinea capitis, multiple "comma hairs" and "zigzag hair" and a subtle additional feature "Morse code-like hair" when intensification was applied. Dermatoscopic aspects found skin Type 2 in a child of as a distinctive dermoscopic finding...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419352/dermatophytes-and-dermatophytosis-in-the-eastern-and-southern-parts-of-africa
#17
E I Nweze, I E Eke
Dermatophytosis is currently a disease of global importance and a public health burden. It is caused by dermatophytes, which attack and grow on dead animal keratin. Dermatophytes belong to three genera, namely, Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton. The predominant clinical forms and causative agents vary from one region of the world to another. Poor socioeconomic status, high population densities, and poor sanitary conditions are some of the factors responsible for the high prevalence of dermatophytosis in many developing countries, which include countries in southern and eastern Africa, the focus of this review...
April 17, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405548/clinicoepidemiological-and-mycological-study-of-tinea-capitis-in-the-pediatric-population-of-kashmir-valley-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#18
Yasmeen J Bhat, Sumaya Zeerak, Farhat Kanth, Atiya Yaseen, Iffat Hassan, Rubina Hakak
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection that predominantly affects the pediatric population. The etiological factors vary from region to region, and the exact incidence remains obscure. The clinicoepidemiological and mycological aspects of this dermatophytosis were studied in a tertiary care centre in Kashmir valley. AIM: To determine the clinicoepidemiological aspects and mycological findings of dermatophytes involved in tinea capitis cases in Kashmir valley...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383855/-how-i-explore%C3%A2-scalp-and-hairin-erythemato-squamous-disorders
#19
G E Piérard, C Piérard-Franchimont, T Hermanns-Lê
In their early stages, some dermatoses of the scalp such as psoriasis seborrheic dermatitis, tinea capitis and discoid lupus erythematosus are often hardly noticeable to others. However, the eruptions are occasionally severe and extensive. Reaching an adequate diagnosis is of utmost impor¬tance for an adequate healthcare.
October 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328809/infectious-diseases-prevalence-vaccination-coverage-and-diagnostic-challenges-in-a-population-of-internationally-adopted-children-referred-to-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital-from-2009-to-2015
#20
Sara Sollai, Francesca Ghetti, Leila Bianchi, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli, Elena Chiappini
Infectious diseases are common in internationally adopted children (IAC).With the objective to evaluate infectious diseases prevalence in a large cohort of IAC and to explore possible risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and parasitic infections, clinical and laboratory data at first screening visit of all IAC (<18 years) consecutively referred to our Center in 2009 to 2015 were collected and analyzed.In total, 1612 children (median age: 5.40 years; interquartile range: 3.00-7.90) were enrolled, 123/1612 (7...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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