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tinea capitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442876/idiosyncratic-findings-in-trichoscopy-of-tinea-capitis-comma-zigzag-hairs-corkscrew-and-morse-code-like-hair
#1
Ebtisam Elghblawi
Dermoscopy is a method of growing significance in the diagnoses of dermatological pigmented skin diseases. However, in my case, mycology culture was negative and successful treatment was given on the basis of trichoscopy and wood lamp examination. I hereby describe a young boy with tinea capitis, multiple "comma hairs" and "zigzag hair" and a subtle additional feature "Morse code-like hair" when intensification was applied. Dermatoscopic aspects found skin Type 2 in a child of as a distinctive dermoscopic finding...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419352/dermatophytes-and-dermatophytosis-in-the-eastern-and-southern-parts-of-africa
#2
E I Nweze, I E Eke
Dermatophytosis is currently a disease of global importance and a public health burden. It is caused by dermatophytes, which attack and grow on dead animal keratin. Dermatophytes belong to three genera, namely, Epidermophyton, Microsporum, and Trichophyton. The predominant clinical forms and causative agents vary from one region of the world to another. Poor socioeconomic status, high population densities, and poor sanitary conditions are some of the factors responsible for the high prevalence of dermatophytosis in many developing countries, which include countries in southern and eastern Africa, the focus of this review...
April 17, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405548/clinicoepidemiological-and-mycological-study-of-tinea-capitis-in-the-pediatric-population-of-kashmir-valley-a-study-from-a-tertiary-care-centre
#3
Yasmeen J Bhat, Sumaya Zeerak, Farhat Kanth, Atiya Yaseen, Iffat Hassan, Rubina Hakak
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a superficial fungal infection that predominantly affects the pediatric population. The etiological factors vary from region to region, and the exact incidence remains obscure. The clinicoepidemiological and mycological aspects of this dermatophytosis were studied in a tertiary care centre in Kashmir valley. AIM: To determine the clinicoepidemiological aspects and mycological findings of dermatophytes involved in tinea capitis cases in Kashmir valley...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383855/-how-i-explore%C3%A2-scalp-and-hairin-erythemato-squamous-disorders
#4
G E Piérard, C Piérard-Franchimont, T Hermanns-Lê
In their early stages, some dermatoses of the scalp such as psoriasis seborrheic dermatitis, tinea capitis and discoid lupus erythematosus are often hardly noticeable to others. However, the eruptions are occasionally severe and extensive. Reaching an adequate diagnosis is of utmost impor¬tance for an adequate healthcare.
October 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328809/infectious-diseases-prevalence-vaccination-coverage-and-diagnostic-challenges-in-a-population-of-internationally-adopted-children-referred-to-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital-from-2009-to-2015
#5
Sara Sollai, Francesca Ghetti, Leila Bianchi, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli, Elena Chiappini
Infectious diseases are common in internationally adopted children (IAC).With the objective to evaluate infectious diseases prevalence in a large cohort of IAC and to explore possible risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and parasitic infections, clinical and laboratory data at first screening visit of all IAC (<18 years) consecutively referred to our Center in 2009 to 2015 were collected and analyzed.In total, 1612 children (median age: 5.40 years; interquartile range: 3.00-7.90) were enrolled, 123/1612 (7...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318040/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-a-tinea-capitis-outbreak-among-novice-buddhist-monks
#6
Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Chanai Muanprasat, Lalita Matthapan
Sixty novice Buddhist monks with tinea capitis confirmed according to clinical presentation and mycological laboratory finding were included in this study. Mixed-type clinical presentation was observed in approximately half of all cases, together with scarring alopecia (95%) and superficial fungal skin infection at locations other than the scalp (43.3%). The major isolated organism was Trichophyton violaceum, and mixed-organism infection was found in 27 cases (45%). Slow-onset presentation and an extensive area of infection were significantly associated with mixed-type clinical presentation...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223741/changing-in-the-epidemiology-of-tinea-capitis-among-school-children-in-egypt
#7
Rasha H Bassyouni, Naglaa A El-Sherbiny, Talal A Abd El Raheem, Basma H Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis remains a prevalent health problem among school-aged children. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of tinea capitis among primary school students, in Fayoum, Egypt with identification of etiological agents in both public and private primary schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in twelve primary schools. The students were selected from different grades with a total number of 12,128 students. Hair and scalp were clinically examined for any lesions that may suspect tinea capitis and mycological samples were collected for direct microscopy and culture...
February 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220322/serious-fungal-infections-in-the-philippines
#8
M C R Batac, D Denning
The Philippines is a low middle-income, tropical country in Southeast Asia. Infectious diseases remain the main causes of morbidity, including tuberculosis. AIDS/HIV prevalence is still low at <1%, but is rapidly increasing. Fungal disease surveillance has not been done, and its burden has never been estimated. This becomes more important as the population of immunocompromised patients increases, drawn from patients with AIDS, TB, malignancies, and autoimmune diseases requiring chronic steroid use. Using the methodology of the LIFE program ( www...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196318/common-skin-conditions-in-children-skin-infections
#9
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin infections account for a significant subset of dermatologic conditions of childhood. Common cutaneous viral infections in children include warts, molluscum contagiosum, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and herpes simplex. Although viral infections are self-limited and often only mildly symptomatic, they can cause anxiety, embarrassment, and health care use. Recognition of their common and atypical presentations is necessary to differentiate them from other skin conditions of similar morphology. Impetigo, cellulitis, and abscess comprise the majority of childhood bacterial skin infections and are treated with topical or systemic antibiotics that cover group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188051/incidence-and-biodiversity-of-yeasts-dermatophytes-and-non-dermatophytes-in-superficial-skin-infections-in-assiut-egypt
#10
A H Moubasher, M A Abdel-Sater, Z Soliman
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to identify the incidence of the causal agents from dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes and yeasts in Assiut Governorate employing, beside the morphological and physiological techniques, the genotypic ones. PATIENTS: Samples from infected nails, skin and hair were taken from 125 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who presented with onychomycosis, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris and tinea pedis during the period from February 2012 to October 2015 were clinically examined and diagnosed by dermatologists and were guided to Assiut University Mycological Centre for direct microscopic examination, culturing and identification...
February 7, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116455/-dermatophyte-current-situation
#11
REVIEW
P Mayser
Currently, a mycid is defined as hyperergic reaction that develops from a remote localized infection and in which no fungus is detectable. Criteria for a mycid caused by a dermatophyte (dermatophytid) are (1) proven dermatophytosis elsewhere, (2) no evidence for fungal elements in the lesions of the -id reaction, (3) initially often worsening of the lesions under therapy with highly potent systemic antimycotics, and (4) clearing after the dermatophytosis has been treated sufficiently. The most common dermatophytid is a symmetrical dyshidrotic mycid of the hands in connection with an often highly inflammatory mycotic infection of the feet especially by Trichophyton mentagrophytes...
January 23, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115409/epidemiology-of-trichophyton-verrucosum-infection-in-rennes-university-hospital-france-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#12
Laura Courtellemont, Sylviane Chevrier, Brigitte Degeilh, Sorya Belaz, Jean-Pierre Gangneux, Florence Robert-Gangneux
Trichophyton verrucosum is a zoophilic dermatophyte, known as a causative agent of inflammatory mycoses of the skin and the scalp in humans. In this study, we reviewed all cases of T. verrucosum infection diagnosed in our laboratory over a 12-year period, to determine epidemiological and clinical characteristics. Among 18,340 samples analyzed, 5,186 cultured positive with dermatophytes (2674 patients), of which 64 samples (41 patients) were positive for T. verrucosum Our data show that there was a strong influence of age on the type of lesion, with children and adults presenting more frequently with tinea capitis and skin infections, respectively (P < ...
January 23, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101694/relationship-between-phenotypic-and-genotypic-characteristics-of-trichophyton-mentagrophytes-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-dermatophytosis
#13
I Dhib, I Khammari, A Yaacoub, F Hadj Slama, M Ben Saïd, R Zemni, A Fathallah
According to epidemiological, clinical and mycological criteria, it has long been admitted that the Trichophyton mentagrophytes species includes two varieties: a zoophilic variety (var. mentagrophytes) and an anthropophilic variety (var. interdigitale) that involve the upper and the lower part of the body, respectively. The further application of molecular techniques to the characterization of dermatophyte strains showed that this classification is unreliable. The aim of our study was to assess the usefulness of PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) and sequencing in the characterization of T...
January 18, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099533/tinea-capitis-caused-by-trichophyton-rubrum-mimicking-favus
#14
Alan S Boyd
Favus is an uncommon form of tinea capitis (TC) currently seen in geographic areas with poor sanitation and limited access to health care such as emerging nations. Several variants of this condition have been described including one exhibiting a plaque composed of parchmentlike material. The makeup of this plaque has not been described. Tinea capitis is rare in adults, particularly when the infectious agent is Trichophyton rubrum, and affected patients often exhibit comorbidities associated with diminished immune surveillance...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088394/tinea-in-tots-cases-and-literature-review-of-oral-antifungal-treatment-of-tinea-capitis-in-children-under-2-years-of-age
#15
John G Zampella, Shawn G Kwatra, Jaime Blanck, Bernard Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087021/ultraviolet-dermoscopy-for-the-diagnosis-of-tinea-capitis
#16
Jiaoqing Tang, Xin Ran, Yuping Ran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050591/trichophyton-rubrum-tinea-capitis-in-an-hiv-positive-patient-with-generalized-dermatophytosis
#17
Caely A Hambro, Natalie C Yin, Christine Yang, Sameera Husain, David N Silvers, Marc E Grossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040418/-trichophyton-tonsurans-associated-with-non-albicans-candida-species-in-hands-onychomycosis-about-a-moroccan-case
#18
S Kouara, B Ait Hlilou, A Abbadi, H Khalki, I Benbella, K Lahmadi, M Er-Rami
INTRODUCTION: Trichophyton tonsurans is an anthropophilic dermatophyte, frequent in the USA and in Asia where it is responsible for causing tinea capitis. At present, we attend an emergence of this species in certain regions where it was not or little met. Here, we report a case of onychomycosis of the hand due to T. tonsurans associated with non-albicans Candida species at an adult woman. OBSERVATION: The patient is a 62-year-old woman, with hypertension and diabetes...
December 28, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956429/in-vitro-antifungal-susceptibility-profiles-of-12-antifungal-drugs-against-55-trichophyton-schoenleinii-isolates-from-tinea-capitis-favosa-patients-in-iran-turkey-and-china
#19
Shuwen Deng, Saham Ansari, Macit Ilkit, Haleh Rafati, Mohammad T Hedayati, Mojtaba Taghizadeh-Armaki, Ayatollah Nasrollahi-Omran, Ali Tolooe, Ping Zhan, Wanqing Liao, Henrich A van der Lee, Paul E Verweij, Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi
Trichophyton schoenleinii is an anthropophilic dermatophyte mainly causing tinea favosa of the scalp in certain regions of the world, especially Africa and Asia. We investigated the in vitro susceptibilities of 55 T. schoenleinii isolates collected over the last 30 years from Iran, Turkey, and China to 12 antifungals using the CLSI broth microdilution method. Our results revealed that terbinafine and ketoconazole were the most potent antifungal agents among those tested, independently of the geographic regions where strains were isolated...
February 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915299/cathelicidin-ll-37-level-in-the-scalp-hair-of-patients-with-tinea-capitis
#20
Nagwa H Abdelaal, Laila A Rashed, Sahar Y Ibrahim, Mona H Abd El Halim, Noha Ghoneim, Noha A Saleh, Marwah A Saleh
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are considered an important first line of defense against pathogens. Cathelicidin LL-37 was upregulated in response to fungal infection. In this work we aimed to evaluate cathelicidin LL-37 in the hair of tinea capitis and compare it to normal controls. Hair samples were collected from 30 children and 30 controls aged from 2 to10 years old, and the level of cathelicidin LL-37 in the hair was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The 30 patients were further subdivided into three subgroups according to their clinical type...
December 2, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
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