keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307083/in-thai-nationals-the-apoe4-allele-affects-multiple-domains-of-neuropsychological-biobehavioral-and-social-functioning-thereby-contributing-to-alzheimer-s-disorder-while-the-apoe3-allele-protects-against-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-deficits
#1
Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Thitiporn Supasitthumrong, Solaphat Hemrunroj, Chavit Tunvirachaisakul, Phenphichcha Chuchuen, Natnicha Houngngam, Thiti Snabboon, Ittipol Tawankanjanachot, Yuthachai Likitchareon, Kamman Phanthumchindad, Michael Maes
The apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 (ApoE4) allele is the strongest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disorder (AD) and is associated with semantic and episodic memory deficits. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between ApoE alleles (E2, E3, E4) and genotypes and neuropsychological tests, behavioral functions, and dementia symptoms as assessed using Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). This study included 60 patients with Alzheimer's disorder (AD), 60 with mild cognitive disorder (MCI), and 62 normal volunteers...
January 6, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289973/neurological-and-neuropsychological-complications-in-the-course-of-chronic-whipple-s-disease-case-report
#2
Izabela Dymon, Justyna Tabaka-Pradela, Katarzyna Anna Knast, Dominika Dudek, Monika Rudzińska
INTRODUCTION: Whipple's disease (WD) is a chronic, multisystemic infectious disease caused by Gram-positive bacillus Tropheryma whipplei (T.w.). Its common symptoms arise in the digestive system, however, during the infection the CNS (Central Nervous System) may also be affected. AIM: The aim of this work is to present a case report of a patient diagnosed with Whipple's disease with dominant neuropsychological and behavioural complications in the late phase. CONCLUSIONS: Whipple's disease is a rare disease with possible neurological and neuropsychiatric complications...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282408/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-correlates-and-impact-on-caregiver-distress
#3
Adreesh Mukherjee, Atanu Biswas, Arijit Roy, Samar Biswas, Goutam Gangopadhyay, Shyamal Kumar Das
Aims: To evaluate the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), to determine their correlation with types and stages of dementia and patient demographics, and to assess the impact on caregiver distress. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited consecutive dementia patients and caregivers who attended our cognitive clinic. Standard criteria were used to classify types of dementia. BPSD were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and its distress scale was used for caregiver distress...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282327/practice-guideline-update-summary-mild-cognitive-impairment-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#4
Ronald C Petersen, Oscar Lopez, Melissa J Armstrong, Thomas S D Getchius, Mary Ganguli, David Gloss, Gary S Gronseth, Daniel Marson, Tamara Pringsheim, Gregory S Day, Mark Sager, James Stevens, Alexander Rae-Grant
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2001 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) guideline on mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: The guideline panel systematically reviewed MCI prevalence, prognosis, and treatment articles according to AAN evidence classification criteria, and based recommendations on evidence and modified Delphi consensus. RESULTS: MCI prevalence was 6.7% for ages 60-64, 8.4% for 65-69, 10.1% for 70-74, 14.8% for 75-79, and 25.2% for 80-84...
December 27, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275939/costs-of-care-of-agitation-associated-with-dementia-in-8-european-countries-results-from-the-righttimeplacecare-study
#5
Nadège Costa, Ansgar Wübker, Adelaïde De Mauléon, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, David Challis, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Ingalill R Hallberg, Astrid Stephan, Adelaida Zabalegui, Kai Saks, Laurent Molinier, Anders Wimo, Bruno Vellas, Dirk Sauerland, Ingrid Binot, Maria E Soto
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the additional societal costs for people living with dementia (PwD) with agitation in home care (HC) and institutional long-term care (ILTC) settings in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the RightTimePlaceCare cohort. SETTING: HC and ILTC settings from 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and England). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1997 PwD (1217 in HC group and 780 lived in an ILTC) and their caregivers...
January 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249224/non-pharmacological-treatment-in-people-with-cognitive-impairment
#6
Melanie Straubmeier, Elisa-Marie Behrndt, Hildegard Seidl, Dominik Özbe, Katharina Luttenberger, Elmar Graessel
BACKGROUND: A number of non-pharmacological methods are available to help elderly people with cognitive impairment. Unstructured and non-evidencebased interventions are commonly used. The multicomponent therapy MAKS (a German acronym for Motor, Activities of daily living, Cognitive, Social) has already been evaluated in nursing homes; in this study, we investigated its use in day care centers (DCCs). METHODS: A cluster-randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial involving a 6-month intervention phase was performed...
December 1, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235398/antipsychotic-treatment-of-community-dwelling-and-institutionalised-patients-with-dementia-in-germany
#7
Philipp Hessmann, Richard Dodel, Erika Baum, Matthias J Müller, Greta Paschke, Bernhard Kis, Jan Zeidler, Mike Klora, Jens-Peter Reese, Monika Balzer-Geldsetzer
OBJECTIVE: A restrictive use of antipsychotic drugs in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is recommended due to an increased risk of cerebrovascular events and mortality. We hypothesise that the prescription of antipsychotics is associated with the patients' socio-demographic and clinical status (e.g., dementia severity). METHODS: The prescription of antipsychotics was cross-sectionally evaluated in 272 community-dwelling and 123 institutionalised patients with AD across all severity stages of dementia...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231139/catechol-o-methyltransferase-cognition-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Dubravka Svob Strac, Lucija Tudor, Marcela Konjevod, Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Nela Pivac
OBJECTIVE: Cognition is a complex trait representing a set of all mental abilities and processes related to knowledge. Although diverse brain regions are involved, most cognitive processes appear to engage cortical regions. The activity of dopaminergic neurons in prefrontal cortex represents a biological substrate underlying cognitive functions. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent dementia associated with cognitive impairments. Cognitive impairment in AD starts slow with discrete deterioration in memory, language, thinking and reasoning, but it progresses into more severe and debilitating cognitive dysfunction...
December 11, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223171/caregiver-burden-sleep-quality-depression-and-anxiety-in-dementia-caregivers-a-comparison-of-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Shuai Liu, Jing Liu, Xiao-Dan Wang, Zhihong Shi, Yuying Zhou, Jing Li, Tao Yu, Yong Ji
BACKGROUND: Very few recent studies are available that compare caregiver burden, sleep quality, and stress in caregivers of different types of dementia. We aimed to investigate caregiver burden, sleep quality, and stress in caregivers of patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration and dementia with Lewy bodies, as compared with caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: This study was carried out from March 2011 to January 2014. In total, 492 dyads of patient and caregiver (frontotemporal lobar degeneration, n = 131; dementia with Lewy bodies, n = 36; Alzheimer's disease, n = 325) participated in this study...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221501/lean-methodology-reduces-inappropriate-use-of-antipsychotics-for-agitation-at-a-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Joshana K Goga, Antonio Depaolo, Sunil Khushalani, J Ken Walters, Robert Roca, Marc Zisselman, Christopher Borleis
OBJECTIVE: To Evaluate the Effects of Applying Lean Methodology-Improving Quality Increasing Efficiency by Eliminating Waste and Reducing Costs-An Approach To Decrease the Prescribing Frequency of Antipsychotics for The Indication of Agitation. DESIGN: Historically Controlled Study. SETTING: Bheppard Pratt Health System is the Largest Private Provider of Psychiatric Care in Maryland With a Total Bed Capacity of 300. There Were 4 337 Patient Days From November 1 2012 to October 31 2013 on the Dementia Unit...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213504/utility-of-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-questionnaire-npi-q-in-the-assessment-of-a-sample-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-chile
#11
Gada Musa, Fernando Henríquez, Carlos Muñoz-Neira, Carolina Delgado, Patricia Lillo, Andrea Slachevsky
The Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q) is an informant-based instrument that measures the presence and severity of 12 Neuropsychiatric Symptoms (NPS) in patients with dementia, as well as informant distress. Objective: To measure the psychometric properties of the NPI-Q and the prevalence of NPS in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Chile. Methods: 53 patients with AD were assessed. Subjects were divided into two different groups: mild AD (n=26) and moderate AD (n=27)...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190312/cognitive-and-neuropsychiatric-correlates-of-functional-impairment-across-the-continuum-of-no-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia
#12
Rachel L Burton, Megan E O'Connell, Debra G Morgan
Objective: The ability to carry out instrumental activities (IADL) of daily living allows older adults to continue to live independently. Previous research suggested IADL were supported by multiple cognitive and neuropsychiatric factors. The primary goal of this study was to investigate whether immediate memory, executive functions, depression, and apathy, predicted unique variance in IADL over and above demographic variables (age and education) and general cognitive screening (Mini-Mental State Exam)...
November 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174998/psychosis-and-clinical-outcomes-in-alzheimer-disease-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Michael H Connors, David Ames, Michael Woodward, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic symptoms are a common feature in Alzheimer disease (AD), occurring in approximately 40% of patients. These symptoms are associated with worse clinical outcomes. Comparatively little research, however, has distinguished delusions and hallucinations, which may have distinct clinical, neuropathological, and genetic correlates. To address this, the current study examined the clinical outcomes associated with delusions and hallucinations in AD. DESIGN: Three-year observational study...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171995/high-caregiver-burden-in-young-onset-dementia-what-factors-need-attention
#14
Linda Lim, Angeline Zhang, Levinia Lim, Tanya-Marie Choong, Eveline Silva, Adeline Ng, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: There is an increase in prevalence of young onset dementia (YOD). The specific problems among YOD patients and levels of caregiver burden (CB) in this group warrants further evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare level of CB in YOD and late onset dementia (LOD). Also, we sought to understand the specific factors, such as neuropsychiatric symptoms, that may affect the levels of caregiver burden in the YOD group. METHODS: Patient-caregiver dyads with YOD and LOD were recruited from a tertiary neurology center...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169407/the-clinical-significance-of-plasma-clusterin-and-a%C3%AE-in-the-longitudinal-follow-up-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Jung-Lung Hsu, Wei-Ju Lee, Yi-Chu Liao, Shuu-Jiun Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh
BACKGROUND: Clusterin and beta-amyloid (Aβ) are involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The clinical significance of plasma clusterin and Aβ in AD progression remains controversial. METHODS: We recruited 322 patients with AD and 88 controls between August 2012 and June 2013. All participants were evaluated at baseline with a clinical assessment, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) scales. Patients with AD were evaluated annually with the MMSE and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) scale during the 2-year follow-up period...
November 23, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149796/effectiveness-of-treatment-in-wards-for-patients-with-dementia-and-issues-associated-with-this-treatment-a-prospective-analysis
#16
Shogo Taniguchi, Teruyuki Matsuoka, Takeshi Hikawa, Atsushi Machihara, Keisuke Shibata, Hideki Miki, Hiroshi Shimizu, Jin Narumoto
In order to optimize the treatment in wards for patients with dementia, we investigated predictors of the length of stay in the ward for patients with dementia. A prospective analysis of 72 patients with dementia was conducted in two wards for patients with dementia. Severity of dementia was assessed by the Clinical Dementia Rating, basic activities of daily living were evaluated using the Physical Self-Maintenance Scale, and severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and caregiver distress were determined with the Nursing Home version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146222/nursing-staff-distress-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-young-onset-dementia-and-late-onset-dementia
#17
Jeannette C L van Duinen-van den IJssel, Ans J M J Mulders, Martin Smalbrugge, Sandra A Zwijsen, Britt Appelhof, Syste U Zuidema, Marjolein E de Vugt, Frans R J Verhey, Christian Bakker, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the relationship between different neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and the level of distress experienced by nurses caring for residents with young-onset dementia (YOD) and (2) to compare these findings with those for nurses caring for residents with late-onset dementia (LOD). DESIGN/SETTING: This is a retrospective study conducted in Dutch long-term care facilities. Data were used from the Behavior and Evolution of Young-ONset Dementia studies (BEYOND) Parts I and II and the WAAL Behavior in Dementia-II (Waalbed-II) study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#18
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123489/plasmapheresis-responsive-rapid-onset-dementia-with-predominantly-frontal-dysfunction-in-the-context-of-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy
#19
Dominique Endres, Magnus S Vry, Petra Dykierek, Anne N Riering, Eva Lüngen, Oliver Stich, Rick Dersch, Nils Venhoff, Daniel Erny, Irina Mader, Philipp T Meyer, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
Background: Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare immunological neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by increased antithyroid antibodies and mixed neurological and psychiatric symptoms. HE has been previously discussed as a differential diagnosis for rapid progressive dementia. However, most of these patients suffered from additional neurological symptoms, like ataxia or seizures. Case presentation: Here, we present the case of a 59-year-old female patient suffering rapid onset dementia with salient frontal executive dysfunction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122458/adult-onset-leukoencephalopathy-with-axonal-spheroids-and-pigmented-glia-alsp-integrating-the-literature-on-hereditary-diffuse-leukoencephalopathy-with-spheroids-hdls-and-pigmentary-orthochromatic-leukodystrophy-pold
#20
REVIEW
Scott J Adams, Andrew Kirk, Roland N Auer
Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids and pigmented glia (ALSP) is a progressive degenerative white matter disorder. ALSP was previously recognized as two distinct entities, hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) and pigmentary orthochromatic leukodystrophy (POLD). However, recent identification of mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) gene, which regulates mononuclear cell lineages including microglia, have provided genetic and mechanistic evidence that POLD and HDLS should be regarded as a single clinicopathologic entity...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
keyword
keyword
76223
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"