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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828075/determination-of-global-and-diffuse-photosynthetically-active-radiation-from-a-multifilter-shadowband-radiometer
#1
Pamela Trisolino, Alcide di Sarra, Daniela Meloni, Giandomenico Pace
A method to estimate the photosynthetically active radiation from multifilter shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) measurements was developed and tested from observations carried out on the island of Lampedusa in the central Mediterranean. Calibrated irradiances in the four MFRSR bands within the PAR spectral range were combined linearly to estimate PAR. The coefficients of the linear combination were derived with the least squared method for different sky conditions. The analysis shows that global PAR irradiance may be estimated with an overall uncertainty of 4%-6%...
October 10, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811992/eliciting-maize-defense-pathways-aboveground-attracts-belowground-biocontrol-agents
#2
Camila Cramer Filgueiras, Denis S Willett, Ramom Vasconcelos Pereira, Alcides Moino Junior, Martin Pareja, Larry W Duncan
Plant defense pathways mediate multitrophic interactions above and belowground. Understanding the effects of these pathways on pests and natural enemies above and belowground holds great potential for designing effective control strategies. Here we investigate the effects of aboveground stimulation of plant defense pathways on the interactions between corn, the aboveground herbivore adult Diabrotica speciosa, the belowground herbivore larval D. speciosa, and the subterranean ento-mopathogenic nematode natural enemy Heterorhabditis amazonensis...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805724/moderating-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-through-the-use-of-anxiolytic-agents
#3
Shanna L Burke, Janice O'Driscoll, Amary Alcide, Tan Li
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety diagnoses occur in 17.1% in people age 65 years and older. Individuals with anxiety may be at a higher risk of the development of probable Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous literature has suggested that anxiolytic medications may exacerbate the risk of AD development. This study explored anxiolytic medication as a potential moderator of AD risk in older adults. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set was undertaken, analyzing observations from 12,083 participants with normal cognition at the first visit...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779551/does-exercise-ventilatory-inefficiency-predict-poor-outcome-in-heart-failure-patients-with-copd
#4
Maria Clara Alencar, Flavio F Arbex, Aline Souza, Adriana Mazzuco, Priscila A Sperandio, Alcides Rocha, Daniel M Hirai, Frederico Mancuso, Danilo C Berton, Audrey Borghi-Silva, Dirceu Almeida, Denis E OʼDonnel, J Alberto Neder
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the opposite effects of heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on exercise ventilatory inefficiency (minute ventilation [(Equation is included in full-text article.)E]-carbon dioxide output [(Equation is included in full-text article.)CO2] relationship) would negatively impact its prognostic relevance. METHODS: After treatment optimization and an incremental cardiopulmonary exercise test, 30 male patients with HF-COPD (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] = 57% ± 17% predicted, ejection fraction = 35% ± 6%) were prospectively followed up during 412 ± 261 days for major cardiac events...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738969/one-anastomosis-jejunal-interposition-with-gastric-remnant-resection-branco-zorron-switch-for-severe-recurrent-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-after-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#5
Ricardo Zorron, Alcides Branco, Jose Sampaio, Claudia Bothe, Tido Junghans, Gyurdzhan Rasim, Johann Pratschke, Safak Guel-Klein
BACKGROUND: The anatomical and physiological changes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity can lead to severe hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenia in a small percentage of patients. The exact physiologic mechanism is not completely understood. Surgical reversal to the original anatomy and distal or total pancreatectomy are current therapeutic options to reverse the hypoglycemic effect, with substantial associated morbidity. Our group reports a pilot clinical series of a novel surgical technique using one-anastomosis jejunal interposition with gastric remnant resection (Branco-Zorron Switch)...
October 13, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701063/physiological-and-sensory-consequences-of-exercise-oscillatory-ventilation-in-heart-failure-copd
#6
Alcides Rocha, Flavio F Arbex, Maria Clara N Alencar, Priscila A Sperandio, Daniel M Hirai, Danilo C Berton, Denis E O'Donnell, J Alberto Neder
BACKGROUND: Exercise oscillatory ventilation (EOV) is associated with poor ventilatory efficiency and higher operating lung volumes in heart failure. These abnormalities may be particularly deleterious to dyspnea and exercise tolerance in mechanically-limited patients, e.g. those with coexistent COPD. METHODS: Ventilatory, gas exchange and sensory responses to incremental exercise were contrasted in 68 heart failure-COPD patients (12 EOV+). EOV was established by standard criteria...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698291/global-and-mediterranean-climate-change-a-short-summary
#7
Virginia Ciardini, Gian Marco Contessa, Rosaria Falsaperla, José Luis Gómez-Amo, Daniela Meloni, Francesco Monteleone, Giandomenico Pace, Salvatore Piacentino, Damiano Sferlazzo, Alcide di Sarra
: Observed changes at the global scale. An increase of the annual mean global temperature and changes of other climate parameters have been observed in the last century. The global temperature and the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases are changing at a very fast pace compared to those found in palaeoclimate records. Changes in the Mediterranean. Variations of some climate change indicators can be much larger at the local than at the global scale, and the Mediterranean has been indicated among the regions most sensitive to climate change, also due to the increasing anthropogenic pressure...
July 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683794/from-complex-evolving-to-simple-current-revisional-and-endoscopic-procedures-following-bariatric-surgery
#8
Ricardo Zorron, Manoel Passos Galvão-Neto, Josemberg Campos, Alcides José Branco, José Sampaio, Tido Junghans, Claudia Bothe, Christian Benzing, Felix Krenzien
Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a standard therapy in bariatric surgery. Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric banding, although with good results in the literature, are showing higher rates of treatment failure to reduce obesity-associated morbidity and body weight. Other problems after bariatric may occur, as band erosion, gastroesophageal reflux disease and might be refractory to medication. Therefore, a laparoscopic conversion to a RYGB can be an effective alternative, as long as specific indications for revision are fulfilled...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683787/proposal-of-a-revisional-surgery-to-treat-severe-nutritional-deficiency-post-gastric-bypass
#9
José Sampaio-Neto, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Luis Sérgio Nassif, André Thá Nassif, Flávia David João De Masi, Graciany Gasperin
Background: The gastric bypass has nutritional and electrolyte disturbances rate of approximately 17%. The most common deficits are protein malnutrition, ferric and zinc, in addition to the vitamin. Although rare, some malnutrition stages reach such severity that ends up being necessary hospitalization and sometimes revisional or reversal surgical procedures. Aim: To present a proposal of surgical revision for treatment of severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683767/complications-related-to-gastric-bypass-performed-with-different-gastrojejunal-diameters
#10
José Sampaio-Neto, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Luis Sérgio Nassif, Anne Caroline Broska, Douglas Jun Kamei, André Thá Nassif
Background: Among the options for surgical treatment of obesity, the most widely used has been the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The gastrojejunal anastomosis can be accomplished in two ways: handsewn or using circular and linear stapled. The complications can be divided in early and late. Aim: To compare the incidence of early complications related with the handsewn gastrojejunal anastomosis in gastric bypass using Fouchet catheter with different diameters. Method: The records of 732 consecutive patients who had undergone the bypass were retrospectively analyzed and divided in two groups, group 1 with 12 mm anastomosis (n=374), and group 2 with 15 mm (n=358)...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663086/immune-checkpoint-status-in-penile-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-north-american-cohort
#11
Margaret Cocks, Diana Taheri, Mark W Ball, Stephania M Bezerra, Maria Del Carmen Rodriguez, Bernardo F P Ricardo, Trinity J Bivalacqua, Rajni B Sharma, Alan Meeker, Alcides Chaux, Arthur L Burnett, George J Netto
Penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is primarily treated by surgical resection. Locally advanced and metastatic disease require a multidisciplinary treatment approach. However, mortality and morbidity remain high and novel molecular and immunotherapeutic targets are actively being sought. We investigated the expression of immune checkpoint markers in penile cancers. Fifty-three invasive penile SCCs diagnosed between 1985 and 2013 were retrieved from our surgical pathology archives. Representative formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival blocks were used for the construction of 2 high-density tissue microarrays (TMAs)...
September 20, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580392/comparison-of-five-parasitological-techniques-for-laboratory-diagnosis-of-balantidium-coli-cysts
#12
Alynne da Silva Barbosa, Otilio Machado Pereira Bastos, Claudia Maria Antunes Uchôa, Alcides Pissinatti, Augusto César Machado Pereira Bastos, Igo Vieira de Souza, Laís Verdan Dib, Eduarda Peixoto Azevedo, Mayara Perlingeiro de Siqueira, Matheus Lessa Cardozo, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira
Balantidium coli is a protozoon that can cause dysentery in humans, pigs and nonhuman primates, with zoonotic potential. In the literature, there is still little information on the effectiveness of different laboratory techniques for diagnosing this disease. This study compared and evaluated the performance of the Lutz, modified Ritchie, Faust, modified Sheather and direct examination techniques for detecting cysts of this protozoon. Between 2012 and 2014, 1905 fecal samples were collected from captive animals in the state of Rio de Janeiro...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492193/anti-inflammatory-properties-of-pterocarpanquinone-lqb-118-in-mice
#13
Ingred G Riça, Chaquip D Netto, Magdalena N Rennó, Paula A Abreu, Paulo R R Costa, Alcides J M da Silva, Moisés C M Cavalcante
Pterocarpanquinone (+/-)-LQB-118 presents antineoplastic and antiparasitic properties and also shows great inhibitory effect on TNF-α release in vitro. Here, its anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced lung inflammation model in C57BL/6 mice. LPS inhalation induced a marked neutrophil infiltration to the lungs which was reduced by intraperitoneal treatment with (+/-)-LQB-118 in a similar manner to that of dexamethasone and even better than that of acetylsalicylic acid...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448747/removal-of-ammonia-nitrogen-from-distilled-old-landfill-leachate-by-adsorption-on-raw-and-modified-aluminosilicate
#14
Rafael Schirmer de Paula Couto, Aline Faria Oliveira, Alcides Wagner Serpa Guarino, Daniel Vidal Perez, Mônica Regina da Costa Marques
This study aimed to evaluate the ammonia-nitrogen removal by aluminosilicates, using both standard solutions as pretreated landfill leachate. Three types of commercial clays and one commercial zeolite were initially tested using standard solution, however, only the one clay with the best removability and the zeolite were tested with pretreated leachate. The chosen clay sorption capacity with the standard solution reached 83%, while with the pretreated leachate solution has reached 95% and zeolites have reached respectively a removal of 73% and 81%...
July 22, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409655/validity-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-questionnaire-for-use-on-brazilian-adolescents
#15
Paula Mendes Santos, Alcides Ricardo Gonçalves, Tatiane Marega
INTRODUCTION: The Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ) is a multi-item psychometric instrument used to assess patients' perspective of the impact specifically related to Orthodontics. The cross-culturally adapted Brazilian version of the PIDAQ has demonstrated good reliability, validity and acceptability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to test the validity and reliability of the Brazilian version of the PIDAQ for use among adolescents aged between 11 and 14 years old...
June 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409090/-caustics-injuries-in-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-clinical-and-endoscopic-features
#16
Briny Omar Rodríguez Vargas, Eduardo Monge Salgado, Pedro Montes Teves, Sonia Salazar Ventura, Edson Guzmán Calderón
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and endoscopic features of caustics injuries in the upper gastrointestinal tract in patients of the National Hospital Daniel Alcides Carrión. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted; the study populations were patients diagnosed with caustic ingestion who were admitted into the Gastroenterology service of the HNDAC to perform an upper endoscopy during the period of January 2009 to December 2012. We documented the type of caustic substance ingested, cause of intake, amount ingested, intake mode, signs or symptoms present, endoscopic findings as classified by Zargar, presence of complications and treatment performed...
April 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403129/a-late-case-of-ischemic-cerebral-event-after-resection-of-a-left-atrial-myxoma
#17
Reginald Lafleur, Justyna Watkowska, Guoping Zhou, Phenix Alcide, Henock Saint-Jacques
Atrial myxoma is one of the most common primary cardiac tumors reported in the literature. In very rare instances, stroke has been the sequelae after a myxomatous tumor resection. We report this unique case of late ischemic cerebral event in a 46-year-old female some days after resection of a left atrial myxoma.
May 2016: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392972/performance-of-the-bard-scoring-system-in-bariatric-surgery-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#18
André Thá Nassif, Thais Ayumi Nagano, Sulamita Okayama, Luís Sérgio Nassif, Alcides Branco Filho, José Sampaio Neto
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease incidence is related to the presence of obesity and insulin resistance. A treatment of this disease in patients with morbid obesity is bariatric surgery and its diagnosis is extremely important due to the possible progression to cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. The development of clinical-laboratorial analysis tools to this disease and its complications is necessary as the gold standard for its diagnosis is an invasive procedure. The objective of the study is to evaluate the use of BARD score in the selection of patients who should undergo liver biopsy during bariatric surgery...
July 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386008/the-promising-applications-of-stem-cells-in-the-oral-region-literature-review
#19
Luciano Barreto Silva, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos Neto, Rachel Gomes Pelozo Pacheco, Severino Alves Júnior, Rebeca Ferraz de Menezes, Vanda Sanderana Macedo Carneiro, Natália Costa Araújo, Marcia Maria Fonseca da Silveira, Diana Santana de Albuquerque, Marleny Elizabeth Marquez de Martinez Gerbi, Pamella Recco Álvares, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Ana Paula Veras Sobral
INTRODUCTION: For a long time researchers have tried to find out a way to grow tissues back to the human body in order to solve transplantation problems by offering the unique opportunity to have their organs back, working properly, in search of life dignity. LITERATURE REVIEW: Stem cells seem to be present in many other tissues than researchers had once thought; and in some specific sites they can be easily collected, without the need of expensive interventions...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375905/cervical-necrotizing-fasciitis-caused-by-dental-extraction
#20
José Alcides Arruda, Eugênia Figueiredo, Pâmella Álvares, Luciano Silva, Leorik Silva, Antônio Caubi, Marcia Silveira, Ana Paula Sobral
Cervical necrotizing fasciitis is an unusual infection characterized by necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fascial layers. Risk factors for the development of necrotizing fasciitis include diabetes mellitus, chronic renal disease, peripheral vascular disease, malnutrition, advanced age, obesity, alcohol abuse, intravenous drug use, surgery, and ischemic ulcers. This report presents a case of necrotizing fasciitis in the cervical area caused by dental extraction in a 73-year-old woman. Cervical necrotizing fasciitis in geriatric patient is rare, and even when establishing the diagnosis and having it timely treated, the patient can suffer irreversible damage or even death...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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