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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127577/predictors-of-success-in-bariatric-surgery-the-role-of-bmi-and-pre-operative-comorbidities
#1
Magda Rosa Ramos da Cruz, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Marília Rizzon Zaparolli, Nathalia Farinha Wagner, José Simão de Paula Pinto, Antônio Carlos Ligocki Campos, Cesar Augusto Taconeli
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of 204 patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The impact of weight regain (WR), pre-operative comorbidities and BMI values on the recurrence of comorbidities was evaluated, and an equation was elaborated to estimate BMI at 5 years of bariatric surgery. METHODS: Pre-operative data, after 1 year and after 5 years, was collected from the medical records. Descriptive analyses and bivariate hypothesis tests were performed first, and then, a generalised linear regression model with Tweedie distribution was adjusted...
November 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114906/evaluation-of-three-chemical-immobilization-protocols-in-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-undergoing-vasectomy-surgery
#2
Mario A Ferraro, Camila V Molina, José L Catão-Dias, Maria C M Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Marina G Bueno, Silvia R G Cortopassi
BACKGROUND: The golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas), originally endemic to Bahia, was introduced in Rio de Janeiro. The species is currently found in remaining forests within the region of original occupation of the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia), which may compromise the survival of the golden lion tamarin. Groups of golden-headed lion tamarins were captured and translocated to Bahia. However, the area chosen reached its limit and males underwent to vasectomy procedures...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095510/genetic-assessment-for-the-endangered-black-lion-tamarin-leontopithecus-chrysopygus-mikan-1823-callitrichidae-primates
#3
Paola A Ayala-Burbano, Lucas Caldano, Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior, Alcides Pissinatti, Mara Cristina Marques, Dominic Wormell, Patrícia Domingues de Freitas
This is the first study analyzing genetic diversity in captive individuals of the endangered black lion tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, and also comparing genetic diversity parameters between wild populations and captive groups using the same set of molecular markers. We evaluated genetic diversity and differentiation for the Brazilian and European captive groups and a wild population through 15 polymorphic microsatellite markers. The genetic diversity levels were similar among Brazilian captive, European captive and wild animals from the National Forest of Capão Bonito...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077487/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-alzheimer-s-disease-the-associative-effect-of-depression-sleep-disturbance-and-anxiety
#4
Shanna L Burke, Tamara Cadet, Amary Alcide, Janice O'Driscoll, Peter Maramaldi
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia is a neurodegenerative condition, which leads to impairments in memory. This study predicted that sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety increase the hazard of AD, independently and as comorbid conditions. METHODS: Data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center was used to analyze evaluations of 12,083 cognitively asymptomatic participants. Survival analysis was used to explore the longitudinal effect of depression, sleep disturbance, and anxiety as predictors of AD...
October 27, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025533/negative-%C3%AE-hcg-and-molar-pregnancy-the-hook-effect
#5
Isabel Lobo Antunes, Joana Curado, Ana Quintas, Alcides Pereira
Molar pregnancy, included in gestational trophoblastic disease, is a benign pathology with ability to metastasize, usually occurring with excessively high βhCG levels. Clinical scenario is usually a woman in extremes of reproductive age presenting with amenorrhoea, pain and vaginal blood loss; signs derived from high βhCG levels may be present (hyperthyroidism, hyperemesis). Diagnosis is based on a positive pregnancy test - usually a qualitative urinary test. The limitation of this test results from its inability to become positive in presence of markedly high levels of βhCG, saturating the antigens used - known as the 'hook effect'...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019539/evaluation-of-the-treatment-of-the-hepatocarcinoma-nodules-in-the-patients-in-waiting-list-for-liver-transplant
#6
Gustavo Pilotto Domingues Sá, Jorge Roberto Marcante Carlotto, Fernando Pompeu Piza Vicentine, Luiz Romero, Dario Fernandes Perdomo Tejada, Alcides Augusto Salzedas, Gaspar de Jesus Lopes, Adriano Miziara Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: to compare the outcome of liver transplantation for hepatocarcinoma in submitted or not to locoregional treatment and downstaging regarding survival and risk of recurrence in transplant waiting list patients. METHODS: retrospective study of patients with hepatocarcinoma undergoing liver transplantation in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, between January 2007 and December 2011, from a deceased donor. The sample consisted of 414 patients. Of these, 29 patients were included in the list by downstaging...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985009/odontogenic-myxoma-a-63-year-retrospective-multicenter-study-of-85-cases-in-a-brazil-population-and-a-review-of-999-cases-from-literature
#7
Ana Carolina Uchoa Vasconcelos, Felipe Martins Silveira, Ana Paula Neutzling Gomes, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Leorik Pereira da Silva, Marcia Maria Fonseca da Silveira, Larissa Ferreira Barbosa, Camila de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, Filipe Jaeger, Tarcília Aparecida da Silva, Ricardo Alves Mesquita
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is an uncommon neoplasm of the jaws. Considering the importance of defining the relative incidence and demographic profile of these lesions in South America, the aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and imagiological features of OM from three South American oral pathology services and to discuss these findings in light of the literature. METHODS: Data regarding age, gender, anatomic site, and imagiological features from 85 cases of OM were collected...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972670/ultrasonographic-aspects-of-the-leontopithecus-gestation-lesson-1840-callitrichidae-primates
#8
Marcelline Santos Luz, Fabrício Delgado Vidal, Carlos Henrique Freitas Burity, Denise de Mello Bobány, Alcides Pissinatti
BACKGROUND: There is a concern about conservation of endangered species today. Among this species, the Leontopithecus (Lesson, 1840) is outstanding. Its population has been whirling reduced. So far the reproductive physiology of Leontopithecus has few studies, it is fundamental requisite to preserve this species. Obstetric sonography has become an essential method in reproductive management of primates. METHOD: This method is very helpful to detect early pregnancy and evaluate some deficiency of fetal growth...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931021/zoonotic-infection-of-brazilian-primate-workers-with-new-world-simian-foamy-virus
#9
Cláudia P Muniz, Liliane T F Cavalcante, Hongwei Jia, HaoQiang Zheng, Shaohua Tang, Anderson M Augusto, Alcides Pissinatti, Luiz P Fedullo, André F Santos, Marcelo A Soares, William M Switzer
Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) are retroviruses present in nearly all nonhuman primates (NHPs), including Old World primates (OWP) and New World primates (NWP). While all confirmed human infections with SFV are from zoonotic transmissions originating from OWP, little is known about the zoonotic transmission potential of NWP SFV. We conducted a longitudinal, prospective study of 56 workers occupationally exposed to NWP in Brazil. Plasma from these workers was tested using Western blot (WB) assays containing NWP SFV antigens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928992/dental-implant-in-the-canalis-sinuosus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
José Alcides Arruda, Pedro Silva, Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, Leni Silva, Ricardo Zavanelli, Cleomar Rodrigues, Marleny Gerbi, Ana Paula Sobral, Marcia Silveira
The canalis sinuosus is a neurovascular canal, a branch of nerve of infraorbital canal, through which the anterior superior alveolar nerve passes and then leans medially in course between the nasal cavity and the maxillary sinus, reaching the premaxilla in the canine and incisor region. The purpose of this article is to report a case with the presence of canalis sinuosus, in order to alert and guide professionals and discuss the morphology of this anatomical variation avoiding trans- and postsurgical disorders in dental implants...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911515/chronic-chagas-heart-disease%C3%A2-management-from-etiology-to-cardiomyopathy-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Edimar Alcides Bocchi, Reinaldo Bulgarelli Bestetti, Mauricio Ibrahim Scanavacca, Edecio Cunha Neto, Victor Sarli Issa
Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infection is endemic in Latin America and is becoming a worldwide health burden. It may lead to heterogeneous phenotypes. Early diagnosis of T. cruzi infection is crucial. Several biomarkers have been reported in Chagas heart disease (ChHD), but most are nonspecific for T. cruzi infection. Prognosis of ChHD patients is worse compared with other etiologies, with sudden cardiac death as an important mode of death. Most ChHD patients display diffuse myocarditis with fibrosis and hypertrophy...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902943/use-of-fibrinogen-and-thrombin-sponge-in-pediatric-split-liver-transplantation
#12
Fernando Pompeu Piza Vicentine, Adriano Miziara Gonzalez, Barbara Burza Beninni, Ramiro Anthero de Azevedo, Marcelo Moura Linhares, Alberto Goldenberg, Gaspar de Jesus Lopes, Jose Luiz Martins, Alcides Augusto Salzedas
Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55...
August 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890879/streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-children-with-painful-throat-missed-opportunities-for-rheumatic-heart-disease-prevention-in-endemic-area-of-africa
#13
EDITORIAL
Geoffrey Madeira, Daniel Chicavel, Alcides Munguambe, José Langa, Ana Mocumbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876411/binge-drinking-and-illicit-drug-use-among-adolescent-students
#14
Jakelline Cipriano Dos Santos Raposo, Ana Carolina de Queiroz Costa, Paula Andréa de Melo Valença, Patrícia Maria Zarzar, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Viviane Colares, Carolina da Franca
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of illicit drug use and its association with binge drinking and sociodemographic factors among adolescent students. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with probabilistic conglomerate sampling, involving 1,154 students, aged 13 to 19 years old, from the public school system, in the city of Olinda, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, carried out in 2014. We used the Youth Risk Behavior Survey questionnaire, validated for use with Brazilian adolescents...
September 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867401/outbreak-of-human-malaria-caused-by-plasmodium-simium-in-the-atlantic-forest-in-rio-de-janeiro-a-molecular-epidemiological-investigation
#15
Patrícia Brasil, Mariano Gustavo Zalis, Anielle de Pina-Costa, Andre Machado Siqueira, Cesare Bianco Júnior, Sidnei Silva, André Luiz Lisboa Areas, Marcelo Pelajo-Machado, Denise Anete Madureira de Alvarenga, Ana Carolina Faria da Silva Santelli, Hermano Gomes Albuquerque, Pedro Cravo, Filipe Vieira Santos de Abreu, Cassio Leonel Peterka, Graziela Maria Zanini, Martha Cecilia Suárez Mutis, Alcides Pissinatti, Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Cristiana Ferreira Alves de Brito, Maria de Fátima Ferreira-da-Cruz, Richard Culleton, Cláudio Tadeu Daniel-Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Malaria was eliminated from southern and southeastern Brazil over 50 years ago. However, an increasing number of autochthonous episodes attributed to Plasmodium vivax have recently been reported from the Atlantic Forest region of Rio de Janeiro state. As the P vivax-like non-human primate malaria parasite species Plasmodium simium is locally enzootic, we performed a molecular epidemiological investigation to determine whether zoonotic malaria transmission is occurring. METHODS: We examined blood samples from patients presenting with signs or symptoms suggestive of malaria as well as from local howler monkeys by microscopy and PCR...
August 31, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863180/a-non-invasive-specimen-collection-method-and-a-novel-simian-foamy-virus-sfv-dna-quantification-assay-in-new-world-primates-reveal-aspects-of-tissue-tropism-and-improved-sfv-detection
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Cláudia P Muniz, HaoQiang Zheng, Hongwei Jia, Liliane T F Cavalcante, Anderson M Augusto, Luiz P Fedullo, Alcides Pissinatti, Marcelo A Soares, William M Switzer, André F Santos
Simian foamy viruses (SFVs) co-evolved with a wide range of Old World and New World primates (OWPs and NWPs, respectively) and occasionally transmit to humans. Previous studies of OWPs showed that the predominant site of SFV replication is the oral mucosa. However, very little is known about SFV viral loads (VLs) in the oral mucosa or blood of NWPs. NWPs have smaller body sizes, limiting collection of sufficient whole blood volumes to molecularly detect and quantify SFV. Our study evaluated the use of noninvasively collected buccal swabs to detect NWP SFV compared with detection in blood using a new NWP SFV quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836008/alpha2-adrenoceptors-in-adrenomedullary-chromaffin-cells-functional-role-and-pathophysiological-implications
#17
REVIEW
Antonio R Artalejo, Luis Alcides Olivos-Oré
Chromaffin cells from the adrenal medulla participate in stress responses by releasing catecholamines into the bloodstream. Main control of adrenal catecholamine secretion is exerted both neurally (by the splanchnic nerve fibers) and humorally (by corticosteroids, circulating noradrenaline, etc.). It should be noted, however, that secretory products themselves (catecholamines, ATP, opioids, ascorbic acid, chromogranins) could also influence the secretory response in an autocrine/paracrine manner. This form of control is activity-dependent and can be either inhibitory or excitatory...
August 23, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828163/erythema-multiforme-induced-by-alendronate-sodium-in-a-geriatric-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
José-Alcides de Arruda, Pedro Silva, Márcio-Bruno Amaral, Fernanda Cotta, Renata Avendanho, Ricardo Mesquita
Erythema multiforme is an uncommon acute inflammatory disorder caused by exposure to microbes or drugs. Erythema multiforme minor typically affects only one mucosa and can be associated with symmetrical target skin lesions on the extremities. The disease usually occurs in patients in their 3rd and 4th decade of life, but can also affect children and adolescents. Alendronate sodium has been approved for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, but is associated with adverse events...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822697/head-and-neck-myiasis-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Leni Verônica de Oliveira Silva, Pedro Urquiza Jayme Silva, Eugênia Leal de Figueiredo, Gerhilde Callou, Ricardo Alves Mesquita, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: This study describes 9 cases of myiasis affecting the head and neck region and discusses the demographic distribution, treatment, clinical characteristics, and sequelae of the disease in light of the literature. STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed in 2 steps. In the first part, 9 cases seen over a period of 10 years at the Emergency Department of Hospital da Restauração in Brazil were studied. In the second part, a literature search was performed in PubMed for articles on head and neck myiasis published from 1975 to March 2017...
July 5, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792296/developmental-benefits-of-extracurricular-sports-participation-among-brazilian-youth
#20
Riller S Reverdito, Larissa R Galatti, Humberto M Carvalho, Alcides J Scaglia, Jean Côté, Carlos E Gonçalves, Roberto R Paes
Youth sporting activities have been explored as a way to impact positive personal transformation and development, glaringly demonstrated by world-wide investments in public policies, programs, and projects. We studied positive effects of participation in sports on the developmental assets of 614 adolescents (13.1 ± 1.7 years) actively engaged in extracurricular sport programs targeted at socially disadvantaged youths, from five municipalities across five states of the southern, south-eastern and north-eastern regions of Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
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