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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571712/effects-of-weight-loss-on-adipose-visceral-and-subcutaneous-tissue-in-overweight-adults
#1
Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight loss is an important strategy for mitigating the complications of obesity. However, weight reduction does not provide detailed information on relative changes in bodily behaviors and in abdominal fat deposits (adipose visceral tissue (AVT) and adipose subcutaneous tissue (AST)). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss based on calorie restriction on AVT and AST in overweight individuals (1); to verify the metabolic benefits resulting from AVT reduction (2); and to the analyze the influence of covariates in AVT and AST reduction (3)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567183/radiologic-findings-in-gabapentin-induced-myositis
#2
Tyler Michael Coupal, David Ross Chang, Kevin Pennycooke, Hugue Alcide Ouellette, Peter Loren Munk
Throughout recent years, Gabapentin has become increasingly used for the treatment of neuropathic pain. We report on a case of a 31 year old female who presented to the emergency department with unilateral leg pain, weakness, and swelling after increasingly titrating her Gabapentin dosage over three weeks. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the presence of myositis confined to the left thigh and the patient's symptoms and laboratory abnormalities resolved following Gabapentin cessation. While Gabapentin-induced myositis and rhabdomyolysis is a rare entity, it should be a diagnostic consideration for radiologists, particularly in the absence of infection or trauma...
April 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567136/pulp-revascularization-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Pollyana Rodrigues de Souza Araújo, Luciano Barreto Silva, Alexandrino Pereira Dos Santos Neto, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Pâmella Recco Álvares, Ana Paula Veras Sobral, Severino Alves Júnior, Jair Carneiro Leão, Rodivan Braz da Silva, Gerhilde Callou Sampaio
Reestablishing blood flow and allowing the continuation of root development are some of the objectives of pulp revascularization. This procedure is currently indicated for teeth with incomplete root formation as an alternative to the traditional treatment of apecification, which consists of inserting calcium hydroxide paste into the root canal for a determined time period in order to induce the formation of a calcified barrier. Although it is considered as the most classically employed therapy, the permanence of the paste for long time periods may lead to the weakening of the root due to hygroscopic properties, as well as proteolytic activities of calcium hydroxide...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514922/effects-of-youth-participation-in-extra-curricular-sport-programs-on-perceived-self-efficacy-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Riller S Reverdito, Humberto M Carvalho, Larissa R Galatti, Alcides J Scaglia, Carlos E Gonçalves, Roberto R Paes
The present study examined extracurricular sport participation variables and developmental context in relationship to perceived self-efficacy among underserved adolescents. Participants ( n = 821, 13.6 ± 1.5 years) completed the Youth Experience in Sport questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy Scale. We used the Human Development Index (HDI) to characterize developmental contexts. Multilevel regression models were used to explore the relative contributions of age, sex, years of participation in extracurricular sport, HDI, and perceived positive experience in sport...
June 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444014/photoelastic-analysis-of-stress-generated-by-connecticut-intrusion-arch-cia
#5
Alessandro Schwertner, Renato Rodrigues de Almeida, Alcides Gonini, Marcio Rodrigues de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: The present in vitro study evaluated, by means of the photoelastic technique, the effects generated by the Connecticut Intrusion Arch (CIA), with a 90o bend on the distal surface of molar tubes and using the 4 x 2 appliance on the anterior and posterior regions of the upper dental arch. METHODS: Five models were manufactured, in which two different clinical situations were correlated: 1) use of intrusion arch not cinched back and transpalatal bar for anchorage (Group 1); 2) use of intrusion arch cinched back and transpalatal bar for anchorage (Group 2)...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402023/heart-rate-recovery-improvement-in-patients-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-exercise-training-%C3%AE-blocker-therapy-or-both
#6
Wladimir M Medeiros, Fabio A de Luca, Alcides R de Figueredo Júnior, Felipe A R Mendes, Carlos Gun
Heart rate recovery (HRR) is a strong mortality predictor. Exercise training (ET) and β-blocker therapy have significant impact on the HRR of patients following myocardial infarction (MI). However, the combination of ET and β-blocker therapy, as well as its effectiveness in patients with a more compromised HRR (≤12 bpm), has been under-studied. Male patients (n = 64) post-MI were divided: Training + β-blocker (n = 19), Training (n = 15), β-blocker (n = 11) and Control (n = 19). Participants performed an ergometric test before and after 3 months of intervention...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379356/decreased-glycolytic-metabolism-in-non-compaction-cardiomyopathy-by-18f-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-new-insights-into-pathophysiological-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#7
Marcelo Dantas Tavares de Melo, Maria Clementina Pinto Giorgi, Antonildes Nascimento Assuncao, Roberto Nery Dantas, Jose de Arimateia Araujo Filho, Jose Rodrigues Parga Filho, Ana Luiza de Souza Bierrenbach, Camila Rocon de Lima, José Soares, José Claudio Meneguetti, Charles Mady, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar, Roberto Kalil Filho, Edimar Alcides Bocchi, Vera Maria Cury Salemi
Aims: The pathophysiological mechanisms of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) remain controversial. This study performed combined 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose dynamic positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and 99mTc-sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies to evaluate myocardial glucose metabolism and perfusion in patients with LVNC and their clinical implications. Methods and results: Thirty patients (41 ± 12 years, 53% male) with LVNC, diagnosed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) criteria, and eight age-matched healthy controls (42 ± 12 years, 50% male) were prospectively recruited to undergo FDG-PET with measurement of the myocardial glucose uptake rate (MGU) and SPECT to investigate perfusion-metabolism patterns...
March 30, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349584/trypanoxyuris-trypanoxyuris-minutus-schneider-1866-among%C3%A2-alouatta-guariba-clamitans-cabrera-1940-in-the-state-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#8
Alynne da Silva Barbosa, Laís Verdan Dib, Claudia M Antunes Uchôa, Otilio Machado Pereira Bastos, Alcides Pissinatti
This study reports on infection by Trypanoxyuris (Trypanoxyuris) minutus among Alouatta guariba clamitans through biometry on adults and eggs. A total of 58 adult helminths were recovered from the small segment of the animal's large intestine. This study is the first report of this parasite among A. guariba clamitans in Rio de Janeiro.
June 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349238/strong-association-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-expression-with-histologic-grade-subtype-and-hpv-status-in-penile-squamous-cell-carcinomas-a-tissue-microarray-study-of-112-cases
#9
Sheila F Faraj, Nilda Gonzalez-Roibon, Enrico Munari, Rajni Sharma, Arthur L Burnett, Antonio L Cubilla, George J Netto, Alcides Chaux
Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) plays a key role in cell growth and transformation. It is overexpressed in several solid tumors. This study evaluates IGF1R immunoexpression in penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Four tissue microarrays were built from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks of 112 penile SCC from Paraguay. Membranous IGF1R expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry using two different approaches. An H-score was calculated in each spot (stain intensity by extent), and a median score per tumor was obtained...
June 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345959/ventilatory-inefficiency-and-exertional-dyspnea-in-early-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
J Alberto Neder, Danilo C Berton, Paulo de Tarso Müller, Amany F Elbehairy, Alcides Rocha, Paolo Palange, Denis E O'Donnell
Exertional dyspnea is present across the spectrum of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) severity. However, without realizing it themselves, patients may decrease daily physical activity to avoid distressing respiratory sensations. Dyspnea also may be associated with deconditioning. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing can uncover exertional dyspnea and its physiological determinants in patients with preserved or only mildly-reduced FEV1. Dyspnea in mild COPD can largely be explained by increased "wasted" ventilation in the physiological dead space which heightens the drive to breathe and worsens the inspiratory mechanical constraints...
March 27, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315965/evaluation-of-oral-manifestations-of-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-iv-and-vi-clinical-and-imaging-study
#11
Renata Quirino de Almeida-Barros, Paula Frassinetti Vasconcelos de Medeiros, Marcella Quirino de Almeida Azevedo, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, Angela Toshie Araki Yamamoto, Sheyla Kátia Lúcio Dornelas, Patrícia Meira Bento
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess oral manifestations in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis IV (MPS IVA) and mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients were assessed, nine with MPS IVA and eight with MPS VI, treated at the Medical Genetics Outpatient Clinic of Hospital Universitário Alcides Carneiro (HUAC) in Campina Grande, Paraíba State, Brazil. Assessments included clinical and intraoral examinations, analysis of occlusal function, and panoramic X-rays...
March 19, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275174/physiological-and-clinical-relevance-of-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency-in-copd
#12
REVIEW
J Alberto Neder, Danilo C Berton, Flavio F Arbex, Maria Clara Alencar, Alcides Rocha, Priscila A Sperandio, Paolo Palange, Denis E O'Donnell
Exercise ventilation (V'E) relative to carbon dioxide output (V'CO2 ) is particularly relevant to patients limited by the respiratory system, e.g. those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). High V'E-V'CO2 (poor ventilatory efficiency) has been found to be a key physiological abnormality in symptomatic patients with largely preserved forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1). Establishing an association between high V'E-V'CO2 and exertional dyspnoea in mild COPD provides evidence that exercise intolerance is not a mere consequence of detraining...
March 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271525/survey-of-malassezia-sp-and-dermatophytes-in-the-cutaneous-microbiome-of-free-ranging-golden-headed-lion-tamarins-leontopithecus-chrysomelas-kuhl-1820
#13
Juan Ja Neves, Marcelo Francelino, Flavia Gl Silva, Luana Cl Baptista, Marina G Bueno, José L Catão-Dias, Camila Molina, Maria Cm Kierulff, Alcides Pissinatti, Selene DA Coutinho
BACKGROUND: Data about the presence of fungi on the cutaneous surface of wild animals are scarce. The aim of this study was to survey dermatophytes and Malassezia sp in the external ear canal and haircoat of Leontopithecus chrysomelas. METHODS: A total of 928 clinical samples were collected from 232 animals: For Malassezia screening 696 samples were studied, 464 of cerumen and 232 of haircoat; another 232 haircoat samples were studied for dermatophyte analysis. RESULTS: A geophilic dermatophyte, Microsporum cookie, was isolated from one young female...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191483/shaped-cathodes-for-the-production-of-ultra-short-multi-electron-pulses
#14
Ariel Alcides Petruk, Kostyantyn Pichugin, Germán Sciaini
An electrostatic electron source design capable of producing sub-20 femtoseconds (rms) multi-electron pulses is presented. The photoelectron gun concept builds upon geometrical electric field enhancement at the cathode surface. Particle tracer simulations indicate the generation of extremely short bunches even beyond 40 cm of propagation. Comparisons with compact electron sources commonly used for femtosecond electron diffraction are made.
July 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187764/new-potential-plasmodium-brasilianum-hosts-tamarin-and-marmoset-monkeys-family-callitrichidae
#15
Denise A M Alvarenga, Anielle Pina-Costa, Cesare Bianco, Silvia B Moreira, Patricia Brasil, Alcides Pissinatti, Claudio T Daniel-Ribeiro, Cristiana F A Brito
BACKGROUND: Non-human primates (NHPs) as a source for Plasmodium infections in humans are a challenge for malaria elimination. In Brazil, two species of Plasmodium have been described infecting NHPs, Plasmodium brasilianum and Plasmodium simium. Both species are infective to man. Plasmodium brasilianum resembles morphologically, genetically and immunologically the human quartan Plasmodium malariae. Plasmodium brasilianum naturally infects species of non-human primates from all New World monkey families from a large geographic area...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135778/recurrent-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-bacteremia-caused-by-an-intracardiac-toothpick
#16
Alejandro J Pellegrini, Maria T Carnuccio, Alcides Guillardot, Fernando Cichero, Diego Medlam, Héctor Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135762/stability-of-doripenem-in-reconstituted-solution-thermal-and-oxidative-decomposition-kinetics-and-degradation-products-by-lc-ms
#17
Fábio de Souza Barbosa, José Pedro Etchepare Cassol, Luiz Alcides das Chagas Batista, Everson Willian Fialho Cordeiro, Marí Castro Santos, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Elfrides E S Schapoval, Cássia Virginia Garcia, Andreas Sebastian Loureiro Mendez
An UFLC method applied to quantitation of doripenem in powder for injection was validated. Validation parameters were assayed and a rapid analysis was established by reversed phase system, C18 column endcapped (50 x 4.0 mm, 2.0 µm), mobile phase consisted of phosphoric acid 0.01% (pH 3.8) and acetonitrile (98:02, v/v) and flow rate of 0.4 mL min(-1) . Drug stability was studied through submission to forced conditions, allowing to detect the major degradation products and to establish the kinetics parameters...
January 30, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121951/diagnostic-discrepancies-in-clinical-practice-an-autopsy-study-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#18
Victor Sarli Issa, Layara Fernanda Lipari Dinardi, Thiago Vicente Pereira, Lyna Kyria Rodrigues de Almeida, Thaisa Silveira Barbosa, Luiz Alberto Benvenutti, Silvia Moreira Ayub-Ferreira, Edimar Alcides Bocchi
Autopsies are the gold standard for diagnostic accuracy; however, no recent study has analyzed autopsies in heart failure (HF).We reviewed 1241 autopsies (January 2000-May 2005) and selected 232 patients with HF. Clinical and autopsy diagnoses were analyzed and discrepancies categorized according to their importance regarding therapy and prognosis.Mean age was 63.3 ± 15.9 years; 154 (66.4%) patients were male. The causes of death at autopsy were end-stage HF (40.9%), acute myocardial infarction (17.2%), infection (15...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094090/biogas-production-from-co-digestion-of-organic-fraction-of-municipal-solid-waste-and-fruit-and-vegetable-waste
#19
Suelen Pavi, Luis Eduardo Kramer, Luciana Paulo Gomes, Luis Alcides Schiavo Miranda
The anaerobic co-digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and fruit and vegetable waste (FVW) was evaluated in terms of biogas and methane yield, volatile solids (VS) removal rate and stability of the process. The batch experiment was conducted in mesophilic conditions (35°C), with four different OFMSW/FVW ratios (VS basis) of 1/0, 1/1, 1/3, and 0/1. The methane yield from the co-digestion was higher than the mono-digestion for OFMSW and FVW. The optimal mixing ratio of OFMSW/FVW was found to be 1/3...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076501/evaluating-the-best-time-to-intervene-acute-liver-failure-in-rat-models-induced-by-d-galactosamine
#20
Lígia Patrícia de Carvalho Batista Éboli, Alcides Augusto Salzedas Netto, Ramiro Antero de Azevedo, Valéria Pereira Lanzoni, Tatiana Sugayama de Paula, Alberto Goldenberg, Adriano Miziara Gonzalez
PURPOSE: To describe an animal model for acute liver failure by intraperitoneal d-galactosamine injections in rats and to define when is the best time to intervene through King's College and Clichy´s criteria evaluation. METHODS: Sixty-one Wistar female rats were distributed into three groups: group 1 (11 rats received 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine intraperitoneally and were observed until they died); group 2 (44 rats received a dose of 1.4 g/kg of d-galactosamine and blood and histological samples were collected for analysis at 12 , 24, 48 , 72 and 120 hours after the injection); and the control group as well (6 rats) ...
December 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
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