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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454484/effect-of-topical-application-of-hard-water-in-weakening-of-hair-in-men
#1
Waqas Muhammad
BACKGROUND: Hard water is thought to play a key role in weakening of hair (not Hair Loss) and breakage especially when travelling is involved. In our community, commonly men do the travelling and complain more about hair problem which is why only young male individuals were included in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Water samples from different districts of KPK, Pakistan, were collected and their hardness values were estimated to find the water sample of maximum and minimum water hardness in order to know the maximum hardness hair would encounter in KPK, Pakistan...
September 30, 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453906/oral-treponeme-major-surface-protein-sequence-diversity-and-distributions-within-periodontal-niches
#2
Meng You, Yuki Chan, Donnabella C Lacap-Bugler, Yong-Biao Huo, Wenling Gao, W Keung Leung, Rory M Watt
Treponema denticola and other species (phylotypes) of oral spirochetes are widely-considered to play important etiological roles in periodontitis and other oral infections. The major surface protein (Msp) of T. denticola is directly implicated in several pathological mechanisms. Here, we have analyzed msp sequence diversity across 68 strains of oral phylogroup 1 and 2 treponemes; including reference strains of T. denticola, Treponema putidum, Treponema medium, 'Treponema vincentii', and 'Treponema sinensis'...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453871/elevated-cerebrospinal-fluid-tumor-necrosis-factor-is-associated-with-acute-and-long-term-neurocognitive-impairment-in-cerebral-malaria
#3
Estela Shabani, Benson J Ouma, Richard Idro, Paul Bangirana, Robert O Opoka, Gregory S Park, Andrea L Conroy, Chandy C John
Systemic tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) may contribute to the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria (CM) by promoting endothelial activation and parasite sequestration. However less is known about the role of central nervous system (CNS) TNF-α in CM. We assessed plasma (n=249) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (n=167) TNF-α levels in Ugandan children with CM, plasma TNF-α in Ugandan community control children (n=198), and CSF TNF-α in North American control children who had recovered from leukemia (n=13). Plasma and CSF TNF-α were measured by magnetic bead assay...
April 28, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453718/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-tests-for-appropriate-treatment-of-malaria-at-the-community-level-in-uganda
#4
Kristian S Hansen, Richard Ndyomugyenyi, Pascal Magnussen, Sham Lal, Siân E Clarke
In Sub-Saharan Africa, malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5, due to lack of access to prompt and appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Many countries have scaled-up community health workers (CHWs) as a strategy towards improving access. The present study was a cost-effectiveness analysis of the introduction of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) performed by CHWs in two areas of moderate-to-high and low malaria transmission in rural Uganda. CHWs were trained to perform mRDTs and treat children with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in the intervention arm while CHWs offered treatment based on presumptive diagnosis in the control arm...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453579/studies-on-bacterial-community-composition-are-affected-by-the-time-and-storage-method-of-the-rumen-content
#5
Yury Tatiana Granja-Salcedo, Ricardo Andrés Ramirez-Uscategui, Elwi Guillermo Machado, Juliana Duarte Messana, Luciano Takeshi Kishi, Ana Veronica Lino Dias, Telma Teresinha Berchielli
The objective of this study was to investigate three storage methods and four storage times for rumen sampling in terms of quality and yield of extracted metagenomic DNA as well as the composition of the rumen bacterial community. One Nellore steer fitted with a ruminal silicone-type cannula was used as a donor of ruminal contents. The experiment comprised 11 experimental groups: pellet control (PC), lyophilized control (LC), P-20: pellet stored frozen at -20°C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months, P-80: pellet stored frozen at -80°C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months, and L-20: lyophilized sample stored frozen at -20°C for a period of 3, 6, and 12 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449531/ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-single-shot-techniques-poised-to-dominate-rhythm-control-strategies-the-future-is-here
#6
EDITORIAL
Antonis S Manolis
Over the recent years, the advent of single-shot techniques, such as circular catheter and cryoballoon ablation, has ushered in a new era in the catheter ablation approach and rhythm control strategies of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). These techniques make it easier to navigate the heart and have the potential to decrease the threshold for, expand the access to, and increase patient and physician acceptance of rhythm-control therapies, that may lead to reduction of the AF disease burden and its socioeconomic impact...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449387/sustaining-nurse-led-task-shifting-strategies-for-hypertension-control-a-concept-mapping-study-to-inform-evidence-based-practice
#7
Sarah Blackstone, Juliet Iwelunmor, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Joyce Gyamfi, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Micheal Ntim, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: The use of task-shifting is an increasingly widespread delivery approach for health interventions targeting prevention, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults living in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing a gap in the literature, this research examined the sustainability of an ongoing task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) from the perspectives of community health nurses (CHNs) implementing the program. METHODS: We used concept-mapping, a mixed-methods participatory approach to understand CHNs' perceptions of barriers and enablers to sustaining a task-shifting program...
April 27, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449358/incident-rate-and-risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-retrospective-cohort-study-in-shanghai-china
#8
Hanbi Qiu, Yan Shi, Yanyun Li, Xin Shen, Rui Li, Qundi Yang, Qichao Pan, Fei Yan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incident rate of tuberculosis (TB) and its associates among adults with type 2 diabetes in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study among 170,399 type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥18 years who were registered in Shanghai Community-Based Diabetes Management System between 2004 and 2009. Their TB status was tracked until December 31, 2014. Cox regression was performed to identify the risk factors for TB RESULTS: We documented 785 new TBcases during 654,977 person-years of follow-up...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#9
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449198/systematic-review-of-sex-work-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-examining-combination-prevention-approaches
#10
George Awungafac, Therese Delvaux, Bea Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections is disproportionately high among sex workers (SW). We aimed to update the evidence on the effectiveness of SW interventions in sub-Saharan Africa and to provide more insights into combination prevention. METHODS: Systematic review following PRISMA guidelines in a search of PUBMED and POPLINE for peer-reviewed literature published between January 1, 2000 and July 22, 2016 (registration number on PROSPERO: CRD42016042529)...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448559/hexa-is-a-versatile-regulator-involved-in-the-control-of-phenotypic-heterogeneity-of-photorhabdus-luminescens
#11
Angela Langer, Adriana Moldovan, Christian Harmath, Susan A Joyce, David J Clarke, Ralf Heermann
Phenotypic heterogeneity in microbial communities enables genetically identical organisms to behave differently even under the same environmental conditions. Photorhabdus luminescens, a bioluminescent Gram-negative bacterium, contains a complex life cycle, which involves a symbiotic interaction with nematodes as well as a pathogenic association with insect larvae. P. luminescens exists in two distinct phenotypic cell types, designated as the primary (1°) and secondary (2°) cells. The 1° cells are bioluminescent, pigmented and can support nematode growth and development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448502/contraceptive-uptake-after-training-community-health-workers-in-couples-counseling-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#12
Clara Lemani, Jennifer H Tang, Dawn Kopp, Billy Phiri, Chrissy Kumvula, Loyce Chikosi, Mwawi Mwale, Nora E Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Young women in Malawi face many challenges in accessing family planning (FP), including distance to the health facility and partner disapproval. Our primary objective was to assess if training HSAs in couples counseling would increase modern FP uptake among young women. METHODS: In this cluster randomized controlled trial, 30 HSAs from Lilongwe, Malawi received training in FP. The HSAs were then randomized 1:1 to receive or not receive additional training in couples counseling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448461/prospective-study-on-the-impact-of-fear-of-falling-on-functional-decline-among-community-dwelling-elderly-women
#13
Kyungwon Choi, Gyeong-Suk Jeon, Sung-Il Cho
Fear of falling (FOF) is expected to have effects on functional decline in the elderly. In this study, we examined over 2 years the effect of change in FOF on functional decline in community dwelling elderly. We conducted a secondary analysis using data from elderly women, 70 years of age and older, who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA). Participants were divided into four categories according to change in FOF between the 2010 and 2012 surveys. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted regarding the effects of changes in FOF on functional decline after controlling for variables as known risk factors for functional decline...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448378/a-mixed-method-review-of-tobacco-cessation-for-the-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-clinician
#14
Ana Mola, Madeleine M Lloyd, Miguel A Villegas-Pantoja
PURPOSE: To systematically survey the literature, describe the current tobacco science, and perform a mixed method review of randomized control trials of tobacco research in the cardiopulmonary population. METHODS: Mixed method review was conducted on major resource databases. Inclusion criteria were English language with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, published between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016; adult smokers ≥18 years of age with cardiovascular and/or pulmonary disease; initiation of subject recruitment from hospital or community; tobacco cessation (TC) as the main aim of the study; biometric validation of smoking status; first-line TC medications; and nonpharmacological treatments...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448374/characteristics-and-correlates-of-caregivers-perceptions-of-their-family-members-memory-loss
#15
Hairong Yu, Jennifer H Lingler, Susan M Sereika, Judith A Erlen
BACKGROUND: Understanding caregiver's perceptions of their family member's memory loss is a necessary step in planning nursing interventions to detect and address caregiver burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize caregivers' perceptions of their family members' memory loss and identify potential correlates within Leventhal's common sense model (CSM). METHODS: This secondary analysis used baseline data from a larger randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448093/overweight-and-abdominal-obesity-association-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-the-elderly-aged-80-and-over-a-cohort-study
#16
C N David, R B Mello, N M Bruscato, E H Moriguchi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between overweight and abdominal obesity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the elderly aged 80 and over. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A population-based study of community-dwelling very elderly adults in a city in southern Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 236 very elderly adults, number that represents 85% of the population aged 80 and over living in the city in the period (mean age 83...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448076/tea-consumption-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#17
C-W Pan, Q Ma, H-P Sun, Y Xu, N Luo, P Wang
BACKGROUND: Although tea consumption has been reported to have various health benefits in humans, its association with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not been investigated directly. We aimed to examine the relationship between tea consumption and HRQOL among older Chinese adults. METHODS: We analyzed community-based cross-sectional data of 5,557 older Chinese individuals aged 60 years or older who participated in the Weitang Geriatric Diseases study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447381/land-use-influences-phosphatase-gene-microdiversity-in-soils
#18
Andrew L Neal, Maike Rossmann, Charles Brearley, Elsy Akkari, Cervin Guyomar, Ian M Clark, Elisa Allen, Penny R Hirsch
Phosphorus cycling exerts significant influence upon soil fertility and productivity - processes largely controlled by microbial activity. We adopted phenotypic and metagenomic approaches to investigate phosphatase genes within soils. Microbial communities in bare fallowed soil showed a marked capacity to utilise phytate for growth compared to arable or grassland soil communities. Bare fallowed soil contained lowest concentrations of orthophosphate. Analysis of metagenomes indicated phoA, phoD and phoX, and histidine acid and cysteine phytase genes were most abundant in grassland soil which contained the greatest amount of NaOH-EDTA extractable orthophosphate...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447378/soil-aggregation-and-associated-microbial-communities-modify-the-impact-of-agricultural-management-on-carbon-content
#19
Pankaj Trivedi, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Thomas C Jeffries, Chanda Trivedi, Ian C Anderson, Matthew McNee, Kenneth Flower, Bhupinder Pal Singh, David Minkey, Brajesh K Singh
Soil carbon (C) stabilization is known to depend in part on its distribution in structural aggregates, and upon soil microbial activity within the aggregates. However, the mechanisms and relative contributions of different microbial groups to C turnover in different aggregates under various management practices remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the role of soil aggregation and their associated microbial communities in driving the responses of soil organic matter (SOM) to multiple management practices...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447235/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-a-semi-urban-nigerian-community-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-copcord-methodology
#20
Uhunmwangho U Courage, Dungwom P Stephen, Imoh C Lucius, Charles Ani, Agbaji O Oche, Agaba I Emmanuel, Adelowo O Olufemi
The International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) to promote the growth of rheumatology in developing countries. This is the first COPCORD-type survey carried out in a West African community. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases in a semi-urban Nigerian community, using the COPCORD methodology. This is a cross-sectional total population survey, carried out in Katon Rikkos, Jos, Nigeria, from June 2015 to November 2016...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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