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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906448/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-targeted-low-literacy-educational-intervention-compared-with-a-nontargeted-intervention-to-boost-colorectal-cancer-screening-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-community-clinics
#1
Stacy N Davis, Shannon M Christy, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Steven K Sutton, Alyssa R Schmidt, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Vani N Simmons, Chukwudi B Ufondu, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard G Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). The current study investigated the differential impact of a multicomponent, targeted, low-literacy educational intervention compared with a standard, nontargeted educational intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 50 to 75 years who were of average CRC risk and not up-to-date with CRC screening were recruited from either a federally qualified health center or a primary care community health clinic...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906447/validation-of-the-parental-facilitation-of-mastery-scale-ii
#2
Alyson K Zalta, Kelly M Allred, Eranda Jayawickreme, Laura E R Blackie, Dianne L Chambless
To develop a more reliable and comprehensive version of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale (PFMS) METHOD: In Study 1, 387 undergraduates completed an expanded PFMS (PFMS-II) and measures of parenting, perceived control, responses to early life challenges, and psychopathology. In Study 2, 182 trauma-exposed community participants completed the PFMS-II and measures of perceived control, psychopathology, and well-being RESULTS: In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis of the PFMS-II revealed two factors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#3
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905931/a-temporal-assessment-of-nematode-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-rhizosphere-of-cisgenic-phytophthora-infestans-resistant-potatoes
#4
Vilma Ortiz, Sinead Phelan, Ewen Mullins
BACKGROUND: Nematodes play a key role in soil processes with alterations in the nematode community structure having the potential to considerably influence ecosystem functioning. As a result fluctuations in nematode diversity and/or community structure can be gauged as a 'barometer' of a soil's functional biodiversity. However, a deficit exists in regards to baseline knowledge and on the impact of specific GM crops on soil nematode populations and in particular in regard to the impact of GM potatoes on the diversity of nematode populations in the rhizosphere...
December 1, 2016: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#5
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905884/the-efficacy-of-pivmecillinam-3%C3%A2-days-or-5%C3%A2-days%C3%A2-t-i-d-against-community-acquired-uncomplicated-lower-urinary-tract-infections-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-study-protocol
#6
Filip Jansåker, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Lars Bjerrum, Jenny Dahl Knudsen
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated lower urinary tract infections (LUTI) are very common, and presumably around 200,000 female patients are treated for this annually in Denmark. The current Danish national clinical practice guidelines recommend pivmecillinam as a first-line drug (i.e., 400 mg t.i.d. for 3 days). Pivmecillinam is also one of the first-line drugs recommended in the international guidelines for LUTIs (i.e., 400 mg b.i.d. for 5 days). The international recommended duration is based on evidence saying that a 7-day regimen is better than a 3-day regimen...
December 1, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905672/oral-astragalus-huang-qi-for-preventing-frequent-episodes-of-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children
#7
REVIEW
Guobin Su, Xiankun Chen, Zhuangzhu Liu, Lihong Yang, La Zhang, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Zehuai Wen, Xinfeng Guo, Xindong Qin, Jueyao Liang, Xusheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are common in children and can involve both upper and lower airways. Many children experience frequent ARTI episodes or recurrent respiratory tract infections (RRTIs) in early life, which creates challenges for paediatricians, primary care physicians, parents and carers of children.In China, Astragalus (Huang qi), alone or in combination with other herbs, is used by Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners in the form of a water extract, to reduce the risk of ARTIs; it is believed to stimulate the immune system...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905669/secondary-prophylaxis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-the-comparison-of-direct-acting-antivirals-with-pegylated-interferon-and-untreated-cohort
#8
R Vukotic, R Di Donato, F Conti, A Scuteri, C Serra, P Andreone
During the past two decades, several studies showed reduced rates of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis after interferon-based antiviral therapies respect to untreated controls, even without reaching viral clearance. The recent development of new all-oral regimens with direct-acting antivirals has radically improved the therapeutic management of hepatitis C. Nevertheless, paradoxical, or at least unexpected, high rates of both occurrence and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after a treatment with direct-acting antivirals, have been reported in the recent literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905262/should-the-patients-colonized-with-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-gram-negative-bacilli-e-gnb-coming-to-hospital-from-the-community-with-pneumonia-get-anti-e-gnb-active-empirical-treatment
#9
Lara Peterlin, Mateja Žagar, Tatjana Lejko Zupanc, Marija Paladin, Bojana Beović
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases are responsible for resistance of Gram-negative bacilli to several beta-lactam antibiotics, including those prescribed for treatment pneumonia. To evaluate the importance of colonization with E-GNB for the choice of empirical treatment we performed a retrospective case-control study including 156 patients, hospitalized for treatment of pneumonia from 2009 through 2013. Empirical treatment success and in-hospital survival were significantly lower in patients colonized with E-GNB compared to non-colonized (p = 0...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905074/community-pharmacist-perceptions-of-delivering-post-hospital-discharge-medicines-use-reviews-for-elderly-patients
#10
Paul Rutter, Helen Ramsbottom, Ray Fitzpatrick
Background The UK's Department of Health has recommended that formal communication channels between hospital and community pharmacy should be established so that post discharge Medicines Use Reviews (dMUR) become an integral part of the medicines pathway. Objective To investigate the perspective of community pharmacists on the usefulness of dMUR referrals from hospital, the suitability of patients referred and overall views on the service. Method Self-completed survey distributed to 21 community pharmacists who had received referrals from the hospital during a 9-month randomized controlled feasibility study...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904802/abundance-and-physiology-of-dominant-soft-corals-linked-to-water-quality-in-jakarta-bay-indonesia
#11
Gunilla Baum, Indra Januar, Sebastian C A Ferse, Christian Wild, Andreas Kunzmann
Declining water quality is one of the main reasons of coral reef degradation in the Thousand Islands off the megacity Jakarta, Indonesia. Shifts in benthic community composition to higher soft coral abundances have been reported for many degraded reefs throughout the Indo-Pacific. However, it is not clear to what extent soft coral abundance and physiology are influenced by water quality. In this study, live benthic cover and water quality (i.e. dissolved inorganic nutrients (DIN), turbidity (NTU), and sedimentation) were assessed at three sites (< 20 km north of Jakarta) in Jakarta Bay (JB) and five sites along the outer Thousand Islands (20-60 km north of Jakarta)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904632/the-effect-of-reflexology-on-pain-perception-aspects-in-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-isfahan
#12
Maryam Eghbali Babadi, Fatemeh Nazari, Reza Safari, Samere Abdoli
BACKGROUND: The most important part in experiencing and recognizing the threshold of pain is the perception of pain. Reflexology is a kind of complementary therapy which is rooted in the beliefs of the community. This study was aimed to determine the effect of reflexology on pain perception aspects in patients with chronic low back pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind clinical trial study was performed on 50 nurses with chronic low back pain, who were selected by convenient sampling and then randomly divided into the case and the control groups...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904027/retinal-vascular-changes-and-prospective-risk-of-disabling-dementia-the-circulatory-risk-in-communities-study-circs
#13
Hiroshige Jinnouchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Masahiko Kiyama, Hironori Imano, Takeo Okada, Renzhe Cui, Mitsumasa Umesawa, Isao Muraki, Mina Hayama-Terada, Ryo Kawasaki, Tomoko Sankai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroyasu Iso
AIM: To investigate the association of retinal vascular changes with a risk of dementia in longitudinal population-based study. METHODS: We performed a nested case-control study of 3,718 persons, aged 40-89 years, enrolled between 1983 and 2004. Retinal vascular changes were observed in 351 cases with disabling dementia (average period before the onset, 11.2 years) and in 702 controls matched for sex, age, and baseline year. Incidence of disabling dementia was defined as individuals who received cares for disabilities including dementia-related symptoms and/or behavioral disturbance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904019/clinical-characteristics-and-social-frailty-of-super-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure%C3%A3-the-kitakawachi-clinical-background-and-outcome-of-heart-failure-registry
#14
Kensuke Takabayashi, Akihiro Ikuta, Yoshinori Okazaki, Mariko Ogami, Kotaro Iwatsu, Koichi Matsumura, Tsutomu Ikeda, Tahei Ichinohe, Yuko Morikami, Takashi Yamamoto, Ryoko Fujita, Kotoe Takenaka, Hiroyuki Takenaka, Yoshisumi Haruna, Hiroyuki Muranaka, Masaaki Ozaki, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Shouji Kitaguchi, Ryuji Nohara
BACKGROUND: Social background is important in preventing admission/readmission of heart failure (HF) patients. However, few clinical studies have been conducted to assess the social background of these patients, especially elderly patients.Methods and Results:The Kitakawachi Clinical Background and Outcome of Heart Failure (KICKOFF) Registry is a prospective multicenter community-based cohort of HF patients, established in April 2015. We compared the clinical characteristics and social background of the super-elderly group (≥85 years old) and the non-super-elderly group (<85 years old)...
November 30, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903997/effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-serum-biomarkers-inflammatory-agents-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-on-hemodialysis
#15
Firouzeh Moeinzadeh, Shahrzad Shahidi, Mojgan Mortazavi, Shahaboddin Dolatkhah, Mohammadhossein Kajbaf, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Alireza Moghtaderi
INTRODUCTION: Patients on long-term hemodialysis are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. It is generally believed that omega-3 supplementation can prevent cardiovascular events due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two hemodialysis patients were divided into 2 groups to receive omega-3 and placebo for 6 six months. Serum biomarkers and inflammatory agents were measured in both groups before and after the intervention...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903956/global-burden-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-due-to-smokeless-tobacco-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Dhirendra N Sinha, Rizwan A Suliankatchi, Prakash C Gupta, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Naveen Agarwal, Mark Parascandola, Ravi Mehrotra
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and meta-analyse the studies investigating the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality outcomes among adult users of SLT and estimate the number of attributable deaths worldwide. METHODS: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled risk of death due to SLT use. Population attributable fractions were derived and used to calculate the number of attributable deaths...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903588/discovery-and-validation-of-agonistic-angiotensin-receptor-autoantibodies-as-biomarkers-of-adverse-outcomes
#17
Peter Abadir, Alka Jain, Laura Powell, Qian-Li Xue, Jing Tian, Robert G Hamilton, David Bennett, Thomas Finucane, Jeremy D Walston, Neal S Fedarko
BACKGROUND: -Agonistic angiotensin II type I receptor autoantibodies (AT1RaAbs) have not been associated with functional measures or risk for adverse health outcomes. AT1RaAbs could be utilized to stratify patient risk and to identify patients who can benefit from angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) treatment. METHODS: -Demographic and physiologic covariates were measured in a discovery set of community dwelling adults from Baltimore (N=255) and AT1RaAb associations with physical function tests and outcomes assessed...
November 30, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903564/validated-adherence-scales-used-in-a-measurement-guided-medication-management-approach-to-target-and-tailor-a-medication-adherence-intervention-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Thi-My-Uyen Nguyen, Adam La Caze, Neil Cottrell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a targeted and tailored intervention based on a discussion informed by validated adherence scales will improve medication adherence. DESIGN: Prospective randomised trial. SETTING: 2 community pharmacies in Brisbane, Australia. METHODS: Patients recently initiated on a cardiovascular or oral hypoglycaemic medication within the past 4-12 weeks were recruited from two community pharmacies. Participants identified as non-adherent using the Medication Adherence Questionnaire (MAQ) were randomised into the intervention or control group...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903561/keeping-weight-off-study-protocol-of-an-rct-to-investigate-brain-changes-associated-with-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#19
Carl Fulwiler, Julia A Siegel, Jeroan Allison, Milagros C Rosal, Judson Brewer, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing epidemic fuelled by unhealthy behaviours and associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioural interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. This may partially be due to failure to target stress and emotional reactivity. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) reduces stress and emotional reactivity and may be a useful tool for behaviour change maintenance. This study seeks to provide a mechanistic understanding for clinical trials of the benefits of MBSR for weight loss maintenance by examining changes in functional connectivity (FC) and the association of these changes with clinical outcomes...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903327/auditory-vigilance-and-working-memory-in-youth-at-familial-risk-for-schizophrenia-or-affective-psychosis-in-the-harvard-adolescent-family-high-risk-study
#20
Larry J Seidman, Andrea Pousada-Casal, Silvia Scala, Eric C Meyer, William S Stone, Heidi W Thermenos, Elena Molokotos, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Ming T Tsuang, Stephen V Faraone
BACKGROUND: The degree of overlap between schizophrenia (SCZ) and affective psychosis (AFF) has been a recurring question since Kraepelin's subdivision of the major psychoses. Studying nonpsychotic relatives allows a comparison of disorder-associated phenotypes, without potential confounds that can obscure distinctive features of the disorder. Because attention and working memory have been proposed as potential endophenotypes for SCZ and AFF, we compared these cognitive features in individuals at familial high-risk (FHR) for the disorders...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
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