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( weight change OR intentional weight change) AND ( coronary events OR death)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850450/the-effects-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-on-alanine-aminotransferase-aspartate-aminotransferase-and-ultrasonographic-indices-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-undergoing-low-calorie-diet
#1
Farzad Shidfar, Samaneh Sadat Bahrololumi, Saeid Doaei, Assieh Mohammadzadeh, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Ali Mohammadimanesh
Background: Coronary artery disease is the most common cause of death in the patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Studies have shown that there is a strong relation between the increase in the aminotransferase levels and fat accumulation in the liver with cardiovascular complications, independent of all aspects of the metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to examine the effect of virgin olive oil on alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and the severity of steatosis in the NAFLD patients undergoing a weight-loss diet...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763769/associations-of-body-weight-and-weight-change-with-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#2
Sheng-Yong Dong, Shuang-Tong Yan, Man-Liu Wang, Zhi-Bing Li, Lian-Qing Fang, Qiang Zeng
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is recommended that patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) pursue a normal body weight, while the effects of body weight and weight change on prognosis are still controversial. The present study was to assess these effects using a large-scale population with CHD in China. METHODS: A total of 5276 patients with CHD were included from Jan 2000 to Dec 2014. Baseline and endpoint weights were measured. Outcomes including mortality and cardiovascular events were obtained...
May 5, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748700/myocardial-stress-perfusion-mri-experience-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-following-arterial-switch-operation-utilizing-regadenoson
#3
Cory V Noel, Ramkumar Krishnamurthy, Prakash Masand, Brady Moffett, Tobiash Schlingmann, Benjamin Y Cheong, Rajesh Krishnamurthy
Dextro-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) is one of the most common cyanotic heart lesions. The arterial switch operation (ASO) is the preferred surgical palliation for D-TGA. One of the primary concerns following the ASO is complications arising from the coronary artery transfer. There is a need for myocardial perfusion assessment within ASO patients. There is no report on the utility of regadenoson as a stress agent in children following ASO. Our objective was to observe the safety and feasibility of regadenoson as a pharmacologic stressor for perfusion cardiac MR in a pilot cohort of pediatric and young-adult patients who have undergone ASO...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660352/outcomes-in-a-community-based-intensive-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-comparison-with-hospital-based-and-academic-programs
#4
Charles Katzenberg, Edna Silva, M Jean Young, Greg Gilles
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a community-based intensive cardiac rehabilitation program could produce positive changes in risk factor profile and outcomes in an at-risk population. METHODS: Participants seeking either primary or secondary coronary artery disease prevention voluntarily enrolled in the 12-week intensive cardiac rehabilitation program. Data were obtained at baseline and 6-12 months after completion of the program...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550203/coronary-revascularization-with-single-versus-bilateral-mammary-arteries-is-it-time-to-change
#5
Joseph P DeSimone, David J Malenka, Paul W Weldner, Alexander Iribarne, Bruce J Leavitt, Jock N McCullough, Reed D Quinn, Joseph D Schmoker, Robert S Kramer, Yvon Baribeau, John D Klemperer, Gerald L Sardella, Elaine M Olmstead, Cathy S Ross, Anthony W DiScipio
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) arterial conduits are preferred to venous conduits because of longer patency. A single internal mammary artery (SIMA) is used routinely. Bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) are used less frequently. We sought to determine if BIMA were superior to SIMA. METHODS: From our regional registry of consecutive open heart surgery, we identified 47,984 patients who underwent isolated CABG from 1992-2014. Of the 1,482 BIMA patients, 1,297 were propensity matched to a cohort of SIMA patients...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519349/sustained-physical-activity-not-weight-loss-associated-with-improved-survival-in-coronary-heart-disease
#6
Trine Moholdt, Carl J Lavie, Javaid Nauman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD) are recommended to be physically active and to maintain a healthy weight. There is a lack of data on how long-term changes in body mass index (BMI) and physical activity (PA) relate to mortality in this population. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the associations among changes in BMI, PA, and mortality in individuals with CHD. METHODS: The authors studied 3,307 individuals (1,038 women) with CHD from the HUNT (Nord-Trøndelag Health Study) with examinations in 1985, 1996, and 2007, followed until the end of 2014...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488810/relative-peak-exercise-oxygen-pulse-is-related-to-sudden-cardiac-death-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-middle-aged-men
#7
Jari A Laukkanen, Claudio Gil S Araújo, Sudhir Kurl, Hassan Khan, Sae Y Jae, Marco Guazzi, Setor K Kunutsor
Background Preliminary evidence suggests that peak exercise oxygen pulse - peak oxygen uptake/heart rate-, a variable obtained during maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing and a surrogate of stroke volume, is a predictor of mortality. We aimed to assess the associations of peak exercise oxygen pulse with sudden cardiac death, fatal coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Design A prospective study. Methods Peak exercise oxygen pulse was assessed in a maximal cycling test at baseline in 2227 middle-aged men of the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease cohort study using expired gas variables and electrocardiograms...
May 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487991/effect-of-pioglitazone-on-cardiometabolic-profiles-and-safety-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-artery-intervention-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-trial
#8
Atsushi Tanaka, Sho Komukai, Yoshisato Shibata, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Yoshihiro Iwasaki, Tomohiro Kawasaki, Kenji Horiuchi, Koichi Nakao, Takafumi Ueno, Hitoshi Nakashima, Masahiro Tamashiro, Yutaka Hikichi, Mitsuhiro Shimomura, Motoko Tago, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Koichi Node
Pioglitazone has superior antiatherosclerotic effects compared with other classes of antidiabetic agents, and there is substantial evidence that pioglitazone improves cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. However, there is also a potential risk of worsening heart failure (HF). Therefore, it is clinically important to determine whether pioglitazone is safe in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who require treatment for secondary prevention of CV disease, since they have an intrinsically higher risk of HF...
February 27, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468706/comparative-cardiovascular-safety-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Yaa-Hui Dong, Chia-Hsuin Chang, Li-Chiu Wu, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Sengwee Toh
AIMS: Previous studies have suggested that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be associated with higher cardiovascular risks. However, few have been active comparison studies that directly assessed the potential differential cardiovascular risk between NSAID classes or across individual NSAIDs. We compared the risk of major cardiovascular events between cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)-selective and nonselective NSAIDs in patients with hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of patients with hypertension who initiated COX-2-selective or nonselective NSAIDs in a population-based Taiwanese database...
May 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462100/exercise-training-in-at-risk-black-and-white-women-a-comparative-cohort-analyses
#10
Megan Bowdon, Pamela Marcovitz, Susanna K Jain, Judith Boura, Kaitlin G Liroff, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: Few data are available regarding the impact of exercise interventions in black women at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Women ≥18 years without known CVD with ≥1 coronary risk factor were enrolled in a community-based exercise program ≥3 days per/week for ≥30 min/session for 6 months. Exercise training intensity ~50[FIGURE DASH]80% of functional capacity, using heart rate (HR) and/or rating of perceived exertion (RPE) as the primary intensity modulators...
February 16, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390587/prospective-association-of-a-genetic-risk-score-with-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Chen Zhao, Pin Zhu, Qile Shen, Li Jin
Many susceptibility loci associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been identified using genome-wide association studies (GWAS). This study aimed to examine whether a composite of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) derived from GWAS could identify the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with established CAD. There were 1059 patients with CAD were included in the analysis. Of the participants, 686 were on statin treatment at the start of follow-up. A weighted genetic risk score (wGRS) was calculated as the sum of risk alleles multiplied by the hazard ratio for a particular SNP...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384900/a-case-report-of-acute-inferior-myocardial-infarction-in-a-patient-with-severe-hemophilia-a-after-recombinant-factor-viii-infusion
#12
Silva Zupančić-Šalek, Marijo Vodanović, Dražen Pulanić, Boško Skorić, Irina Matytsina, Jolanta Klovaite
RATIONALE: The extent of protective effects of hemophilia against thrombotic events such as myocardial infarction (MI) and other acute coronary syndromes remains to be determined, as major risk factors for cardiovascular disease exist despite factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency. We present a case report of a 41-year-old male with severe hemophilia A and several cardiovascular risk factors. PATIENT CONCERNS: This morbidly obese patient developed chest pressure, followed by chest pain and difficulty in breathing shortly after receiving on-demand treatment with intravenous recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) (turoctocog alfa) dosed per body weight...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310688/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-docosahexaenoic-acid-on-coronary-high-intensity-plaques-detected-with-non-contrast-t1-weighted-imaging-the-aquamarine-epa-dha-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Kazuhiro Nakao, Teruo Noguchi, Yasuhide Asaumi, Yoshiaki Morita, Tomoaki Kanaya, Masashi Fujino, Hayato Hosoda, Shuichi Yoneda, Shoji Kawakami, Toshiyuki Nagai, Kensaku Nishihira, Takahiro Nakashima, Reon Kumasaka, Tetsuo Arakawa, Fumiyuki Otsuka, Michio Nakanishi, Yu Kataoka, Yoshio Tahara, Yoichi Goto, Haruko Yamamoto, Toshimitsu Hamasaki, Satoshi Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Despite the success of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin) therapy in reducing atherosclerotic cardiovascular events, a residual risk for cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains. Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs), especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), are promising anti-atherosclerosis agents that might reduce the residual CAD risk. Non-contrast T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) less invasively identifies high-risk coronary plaques as high-intensity signals...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301516/the-effect-of-dapagliflozin-treatment-on-epicardial-adipose-tissue-volume
#14
Takao Sato, Yoshifusa Aizawa, Sho Yuasa, Shohei Kishi, Koichi Fuse, Satoshi Fujita, Yoshio Ikeda, Hitoshi Kitazawa, Minoru Takahashi, Masahito Sato, Masaaki Okabe
BACKGROUND: Glycosuria produced by sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors is associated with weight loss. SGLT-2 inhibitors reportedly might reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular events. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is a pathogenic fat depot that may be associated with coronary atherosclerosis. The present study evaluated the relationship between an SGLT-2 inhibitor (dapagliflozin) and EAT volume. METHODS: In 40 diabetes mellitus patients with coronary artery disease (10 women and 30 men; mean age of all 40 patients was 67...
January 4, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284402/the-utility-of-personal-activity-trackers-fitbit-charge-2-on-exercise-capacity-in-patients-post-acute-coronary-syndrome-up-step-acs-trial-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#15
Jason Nogic, Paul Min Thein, James Cameron, Sam Mirzaee, Abdul Ihdayhid, Arthur Nasis
BACKGROUND: The benefits of physical activity and cardiovascular rehabilitation on the reduction of cardiovascular risk are well documented. Despite this, significant barriers and challenges remain in optimizing patient risk factors post acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and ensuring patient compliance. Consumer wearable personal activity trackers represent a cost effective and readily available technology that may aid in this endeavour. METHODS: UP-STEP ACS is a prospective single-blinded, two-arm, parallel, randomized control trial with an aim to enrol 200 patients all undertaking cardiac rehabilitation...
December 29, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166205/pregnant-women-with-heart-disease-placental-characteristics-and-their-association-with-fetal-adverse-events
#16
Fabio V Lima, Paraskevi Koutrolou-Sotiropoulou, Puja B Parikh, Cecilia Avila, Javed Butler, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with heart disease (HD) have higher rates of adverse fetal outcomes. We describe placental pathologic characteristics and their association with fetal events. METHODS: In pregnant women, known HD were categorized into: (1) cardiomyopathy (CM) or (2) other HD (congenital, coronary, arrhythmia, or valvular). Outcomes were maternal major adverse cardiac events (MACE), fetal adverse clinical events (FACE), a composite of infant death, prematurity, underweight status, intracranial hemorrhage, and respiratory distress...
September 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146227/bariatric-surgery-improves-lipoprotein-profile-in-morbidly-obese-patients-by-reducing-ldl-cholesterol-apob-and-saa-pon1-ratio-increasing-hdl-cholesterol-but-has-no-effect-on-cholesterol-efflux-capacity
#17
Christian Abendstein Kjellmo, Helen Karlsson, Torunn K Nestvold, Stefan Ljunggren, Karin Cederbrant, Maritha Marcusson-Ståhl, Monica Mathisen, Knut Tore Lappegård, Anders Hovland
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce cardiovascular events and cause-specific mortality for coronary artery disease in obese patients. Lipoprotein biomarkers relating to low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), their subfractions, and macrophage cholesterol efflux have all been hypothesized to be of value in cardiovascular risk assessment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a lifestyle intervention followed by bariatric surgery on the lipid profile of morbidly obese patients...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021268/tai-chi-is-a-promising-exercise-option-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-declining-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Peter M Wayne, Shira Dunsiger, Julie Krol, Christopher Breault, Beth C Bock, Wen-Chih Wu, Gloria Y Yeh
BACKGROUND: More than 60% of patients decline participation in cardiac rehabilitation after a myocardial infarction. Options to improve physical activity (PA) and other risk factors in these high-risk individuals are limited. We conducted a phase 2 randomized controlled trial to determine feasibility, safety, acceptability, and estimates of effect of tai chi on PA, fitness, weight, and quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with coronary heart disease declining cardiac rehabilitation enrollment were randomized to a "LITE" (2 sessions/week for 12 weeks) or to a "PLUS" (3 sessions/week for 12 weeks, then maintenance classes for 12 additional weeks) condition...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983168/effect-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-education-on-adherence-to-dual-antiplatelet-therapy
#19
Hassan El-Toukhy, Abdullah Omar, Manal Abou Samra
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients' education on their adherence to dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and on lifestyle modifications. METHODS: Patients who were prescribed acetyl salicylic acid and clopidogrel DAPT within 15 days of having an ACS event were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomized into two arms: the first arm received the study intervention, which consisted of education on coronary artery disease and the importance of sustained platelet inhibition, whereas the second arm was the control group...
October 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977374/incremental-prognostic-value-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-over-coronary-calcium-scoring-for-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-elderly-asymptomatic-individuals
#20
Donghee Han, Bríain Ó Hartaigh, Heidi Gransar, Ji Hyun Lee, Asim Rizvi, Lohendran Baskaran, Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Allison Dunning, Stephan Achenbach, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Daniel S Berman, Matthew J Budoff, Filippo Cademartiri, Erica Maffei, Tracy Q Callister, Kavitha Chinnaiyan, Benjamin J W Chow, Augustin DeLago, Martin Hadamitzky, Joerg Hausleiter, Philipp A Kaufmann, Gilbert Raff, Leslee J Shaw, Todd C Villines, Yong-Jin Kim, Jonathon Leipsic, Gudrun Feuchtner, Ricardo C Cury, Gianluca Pontone, Daniele Andreini, Hugo Marques, Ronen Rubinshtein, Niree Hindoyan, Erica C Jones, Millie Gomez, Fay Y Lin, Hyuk-Jae Chang, James K Min
Aims: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) have prognostic value for coronary artery disease (CAD) events beyond traditional risk assessment. Age is a risk factor with very high weight and little is known regarding the incremental value of CCTA over CAC for predicting cardiac events in older adults. Methods and results: Of 27 125 individuals undergoing CCTA, a total of 3145 asymptomatic adults were identified...
July 20, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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