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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431558/epidemiology-and-genotype-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-five-years-study-in-non-vaccinated-women
#1
Yishu Tang, Lan Zheng, Shuangshuang Yang, Bing Li, Huiting Su, Li-Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Large-size data on type-specific HPV prevalence in Southwest China are required to estimate the cervical cancer burden in the country and to prepare for HPV-based cervical screening program and further HPV vaccination of China. This HPV study is a pooled analysis of data from five years in Chongqing of China, which is cross-sectional in design using data collecting. RESULTS: The positivity of HPV was 26.2% (10542/40311), single type was 25.7% (10360/40311), multiple type was 8...
April 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409592/repeat-cytology-within-six-months-equals-colposcopy-for-younger-women-with-ascus-or-lsil
#2
Linda M Speer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365936/new-software-for-collecting-data-from-the-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-serbia-are-we-on-the-threshold-of-a-new-screening-registry-a-multicentric-study
#3
Tamara Naumovic, Vesna Lakic, Ana Jovicevic, Dragan Ilic, Predrag Milosevic, Vesna Stevic-Gajic, Ana Antonijevic, Nada Milovanovic, Ivica Magdic, Rajko Koricanac, Sasa Malkov, Igor Grkavac, Milos Mihajlovic, Slavisa Djuricic, Branislava Zivkovic, Uros Stegic, Zorka Milovanovic, Dejan Opric, Marija Knezevic, Verica Jovanovic, Zoran Todorovic, Dusan Todorovic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present the Screening Registry and the results of organized cervical cancer screening program (OCCSP) in the Republic of Serbia using a database made as an output model, linked with the Screening Registry. METHODS: Data were respectively collected over a onemonth period from 3 state primary health care centers (and related hospitals/clinical center) in central Serbia in which OCCSP was conducted. The sample consisted of women of the target population (25 to 64 years old) who responded the call for Pap test...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364788/the-clinical-research-of-thinprep-cytology-test-tct-combined-with-hpv-dna-detection-in-screening-cervical-cancer
#4
Y Liu, L Zhang, G Zhao, L Che, H Zhang, J Fang
Our objective is to explore the clinical value of thinprep cytologic test (TCT) combined with HPV-DNA detection in screening cervical cancer. 420 cervical cancer patients admitted in our hospital between April, 2011-April, 2014 were selected. All patients received TCT and HPV-DNA detection, and cervical tissue biopsy was used to confirm the diagnosis. TCT screening results showed that there were 175 patients were >ASCUS and the positive rate was 41.7%, histopathological screening showed that there were 199 patients were ≥cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) I and the positive rate was 47...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342244/the-utility-of-pap-cell-block-preparations-with-liqui-prep%C3%A2-cell-pellets-to-clarify-the-cytological-diagnosis-of-atypical-squamous-cells-of-undetermined-significance-and-atypical-glandular-cells
#5
Nicholas B George, Jashua Haddad Baldassari, Digno A Pérez Taveras, María José Fernández, María Concepción Robledo
OBJECTIVE: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and atypical glandular cells (AGC) reflect cellular abnormalities insufficient for clear diagnosis. We used cell pellets obtained from liquid-based cytology (LBC) to prepare cell blocks (CB) and clarify the initial diagnosis of ASCUS and AGC. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 393 CBs with initial diagnosis of ASCUS or AGC were processed. Of those, 305 of the ASCUS and 20 of the AGC had adequate specimens...
March 24, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337594/diagnostic-accuracy-of-high-risk-hpv-dna-genotyping-for-primary-cervical-cancer-screening-and-triage-of-hpv-positive-women-compared-to-cytology-preliminary-results-of-the-pipavir-study
#6
Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Theodoros Moysiadis, Eleftherios Angelis, Andreas Kaufmann, Alkmini Skenderi, Pidder Jansen-Duerr, Irini Lekka, Vasilis Kilintzis, Stamatia Angelidou, Evangelia Katsiki, Ingke Hagemann, Athena Tsertanidou, Isabel Koch, Oliver Boecher, Erwin Soutschek, Nikolaos Maglaveras, Theodoros Agorastos
PURPOSE: The purpose of the presented PIPAVIR (persistent infections with human papillomaviruses; http://www.pipavir.com ) subanalysis is to assess the performance of high-risk (hr) HPV-DNA genotyping as a method of primary cervical cancer screening and triage of HPV positive women to colposcopy compared to liquid-based cytology (LBC) in an urban female population. METHODS: Women, aged 30-60, provided cervicovaginal samples at the Family-Planning Centre, Hippokratio Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece, and the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Mare Klinikum, Kiel, Germany...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255767/follow-up-in-women-with-biopsy-diagnosis-of-cervical-low-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesion-lsil-how-long-should-it-be
#7
Andrea Ciavattini, Nicolò Clemente, Dimitrios Tsiroglou, Francesco Sopracordevole, Matteo Serri, Giovanni Delli Carpini, Maria Papiccio, Paolo Cattani
AIM: To analyse the regression rate and the risk of persistence or progression of the lesions in women with a histopathological diagnosis of cervical low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women with biopsy diagnosis of cervical LSIL, from January 2010 to December 2013. After the initial diagnosis of LSIL, all the women underwent scheduled follow-up examinations with cytology every 6 months for 2 years and an HPV test after 1 year...
March 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247516/introduction-of-liquid-based-cytology-and-human-papillomavirus-testing-in-cervical-cancer-screening-in-luxembourg
#8
Ardashel Latsuzbaia, Gaëtan Hebette, Marc Fischer, Marc Arbyn, Steven Weyers, Philippe Vielh, Fernando Schmitt, Joël Mossong
BACKGROUND: In 2014, liquid-based cytology with HPV triage replaced conventional cytology. The aim of our study was to compare conventional and liquid-based cytology (LBC), estimate the prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology and high risk HPV (hrHPV) infection and their correlation, among screened women in Luxembourg. METHODS: Between the first January 2013 and 31st December 2015, 315,868 cervical samples from 150,815 women (mean age 42.2 years) were investigated by the national cytology laboratory...
March 1, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229961/neurospora-tetrasperma-crosses-heterozygous-for-hybrid-translocation-strains-produce-rare-eight-spored-asci-bearing-heterokaryotic-ascospores
#9
Durgadas P Kasbekar, Selvam Rekha
During ascogenesis in Neurospora, the ascospores are partitioned at the eight-nucleus stage that follows meiosis and a post-meiotic mitosis, and the ascospores that form in eight-spored asci are usually homokaryotic. We had previously created novel TNt strains by introgressing four Neurospora crassa insertional translocations (EB4, IBj5, UK14-1, and B362i) into N. tetrasperma. We now show that crosses of all the TNt strains with single-mating-type derivatives of the standard N. tetrasperma pseudohomothallic strain 85 (viz...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229612/preliminary-results-of-a-screening-program-for-anal-cancer-and-its-precursors-for-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vigo-spain
#10
Mauricio Iribarren Díaz, Antonio Ocampo Hermida, Joaquín González-Carreró Fojón, Rebeca Longueira Suárez, Alberto Rivera Gallego, Enrique Casal Núñez, Antón Ocampo Álvarez, Edward Cachay
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have the highest risk of developing anal cancer (AC). The objective of this study was to describe our screening implementation program in this population, and report the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) anal infection, and cytological and histological findings in a Spanish medium-size community (Vigo, Spain). METHOD: Prospective cohort analysis of 240 HIV-infected MSM...
February 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217933/cytology-of-the-neovagina-in-transgender-women-and-individuals-with-congenital-or-acquired-absence-of-a-natural-vagina
#11
A Grosse, C Grosse, D Lenggenhager, B Bode, U Camenisch, P Bode
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the cytological findings of bowel and (penile) skin-lined neovaginas in patients with gender dysphoria (GD) and individuals with a congenital or acquired absence of a natural vagina. The secondary objective was to correlate the cytological findings with clinical characteristics such as oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: A retrospective review of an institutional pathology archive over a 15-year-period was performed to identify cytological samples of neovaginal vaults...
February 20, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185605/multiple-high-risk-hpv-genotypes-are-grouped-by-type-and-are-associated-with-viral-load-and-risk-factors
#12
L Del Río-Ospina, S C Soto-DE León, M Camargo, R Sánchez, D A Moreno-Pérez, A Pérez-Prados, M E Patarroyo, M A Patarroyo
Investigating whether high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) types tend to become grouped in a particular way and whether factors are associated with such grouping is important for measuring the real impact of vaccination. In total, 219 women proving positive for HPV as detected by real-time PCR were included in the study. Each sample was analysed for detecting and quantifying six viral types and the hydroxymethylbilane synthase gene. Multiple correspondence analysis led to determining grouping patterns for six HR-HPV types and simultaneous association with multiple variables and whether viral load was related to the coexistence of other viral types...
May 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184181/reassessment-of-allantonectria-phylogenetic-position-of-thyronectroidea-and-thyronectria-caraganae-sp-nov
#13
Hermann Voglmayr, Olexander Yu Akulov, Walter M Jaklitsch
The genus Allantonectria is synonymised with Thyronectria, based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic considerations. Investigations of types and fresh collections revealed that Tubercularia concentrica is an earlier name for Sphaeria (syn. Allantonectria) miltina and is thus combined in Thyronectria. Allantonectria yuccae is recognised as a distinct species and transferred to Thyronectria, as well as the recently described A. zangii. Descriptions and illustrations are provided for T. concentrica and T...
September 2016: Mycological Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170083/detection-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-with-hpve6-e7-mrna-among-women-with-atypical-squamous-cells-of-unknown-significance
#14
Ya Li, Shouhua Rong, Yanfang Zhi, Cui Qiu, Tingting Fan, Xiaofu Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare E6/E7 mRNA and HPV DNA assays for evaluating women with atypical cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS). METHODS: The present prospective study enrolled patients with ASCUS undergoing HPV testing at Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China, between September 1, 2013, and January 31, 2016. Patients with positive HPV DNA test results underwent screening by E6/E7 mRNA assay, and the accuracy of HPV DNA and E6/E7 mRNA testing were compared, with histology used for definitive diagnoses...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157250/the-incidence-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-in-a-population-of-pregnant-women-with-an-abnormal-cytology
#15
Dominik Pruski, Blanka Malkowska-Walczak, Aleksandra Paluszkiewicz, Witold Kędzia
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia - SIL and cervical cancer in a population of pregnant women with an abnormal cytology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In pregnant women with abnormal cytology results according to The Bethesda System, a verifying diagnostics was carried out, including colposcopy and cervical biopsy. RESULTS: The most common histological and oncologic diagnosis in the whole study group of pregnant women were HGSIL changes, covering cervical intraepithelial neoplasia of medium and high grade - CIN 2 and CIN 3...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127819/comparing-papanicolaou-test-results-obtained-during-pregnancy-and-post-partum
#16
Kazuhiro Suzuki, Madoka Furuhashi, Takuya Kawamura, Michiko Kubo, Kazuhiro Osato, Takaharu Yamawaki
AIM: Cervical cancer onset initially occurs during youth. Papanicolaou tests performed in early pregnancy can detect cervical cancer; however, Papanicolaou tests during pregnancy have been noted to be inaccurate, reflecting changes associated with pregnancy. Therefore, we assessed the effect of pregnancy on Papanicolaou test results. METHODS: Of 1351 pregnant women who delivered at Ise Red Cross Hospital between January 2010 and December 2014, 1213 underwent Papanicolaou tests at early pregnancy and post-partum...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125861/immediate-referral-to-colposcopy-versus-cytological-surveillance-for-minor-cervical-cytological-abnormalities-in-the-absence-of-hpv-test
#17
REVIEW
Maria Kyrgiou, Ilkka E J Kalliala, Anita Mitra, Christina Fotopoulou, Sadaf Ghaem-Maghami, Pierre Pl Martin-Hirsch, Margaret Cruickshank, Marc Arbyn, Evangelos Paraskevaidis
BACKGROUND: A significant number of women are diagnosed with minor cytological abnormalities on cervical screening. Many authorities recommend surveillance as spontaneous regression might occur. However, attendance for cytological follow-up decreases with time and might put some women at risk of developing invasive disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimum management strategy for women with minor cervical cytological abnormalities (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance - ASCUS or low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions - LSIL) at primary screening in the absence of HPV (human papillomavirus) DNA test...
January 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115985/human-papillomavirus-infection-in-anal-intraepithelial-lesions-from-hiv-infected-cuban-men
#18
Celia M Limia, Yudira Soto, Yanara García, Orestes Blanco, Vivian Kourí, María V López, María E Toledo, Lissette Pérez, Yoanna Baños, Yaniris Caturla, Francisco Aguayo
BACKGROUND: An association between HPV infection and progression to anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASIL) has been established, specifically in high-risk populations such as HIV-infected men. In this population, anal cancer is one of the most common non-AIDS-defining malignancies. METHODS: A cross-sectional study to detect anal lesions and HPV infection was performed. Anal mucosa samples were collected from 56 HIV-infected men from Cuba. The cytological diagnosis was done according to Bethesda 2001 System...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052328/type-dependent-association-between-risk-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-viral-load-of-oncogenic-human-papillomavirus-types-other-than-types-16-and-18
#19
Long Fu Xi, Mark Schiffman, Yang Ke, James P Hughes, Denise A Galloway, Zhonghu He, Ayaka Hulbert, Rachel L Winer, Laura A Koutsky, Nancy B Kiviat
Studies of the clinical relevance of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA load have focused mainly on HPV16 and HPV18. Data on other oncogenic types are rare. Study subjects were women enrolled in the atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) triage study who had ≥1 of 11 non-HPV16/18 oncogenic types detected during a 2-year follow-up at 6-month intervals. Viral load measurements were performed on the first type-specific HPV-positive specimens...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028296/human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-egyptian-females-study-by-cytology-histopathology-colposcopy-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-high-risk-types
#20
M A Nayel, O G Shaker, A N Hosni, H N Hosni, S E Khalifa, A F Shazly
OBJECTIVES: In Northern Africa, the region Egypt belongs to, about 10.7% of women are estimated to harbour cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and 78.4% of invasive cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18. We aimed at comparing HPV detection by ISH-PCR tissue with other conventional available cheaper techniques, finding which of them can be relied upon in a developing country like Egypt for HPV detection. METHODS: Sixty patients were included. For them colposcopy, PAP smear, histopathology and detection of HPV using ISH PCR tissue and PCR swab were achieved...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
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