Read by QxMD icon Read


Guglielmo Ronco, Marco Zappa, Silvia Franceschi, Sara Tunesi, Adele Caprioglio, Massimo Confortini, Annarosa Del Mistro, Francesca Carozzi, Nereo Segnan, Manuel Zorzi, Paolo Giorgi-Rossi
BACKGROUND: Women positive to human papillomavirus (HPV+) testing at cervical screening need triage, typically cytology and immediate colposcopy in case of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or worse (ASCUS+) or, in cytology-normal HPV+ women, HPV test repeat after 1 year and colposcopy referral if still HPV+. Our hypothesis was that substantial variations in triage positivity and sensitivity may produce little variation in overall referral to colposcopy and on sensitivity of the entire screening process...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Nobuyoshi Ozawa, Kiyoshi Ito, Toru Tase, Hirohito Metoki, Nobuo Yaegashi
Prevention of cervical cancer has been unsuccessful in Japan because of low rates of cancer screening and vaccination. The Vaccine Adverse Review Committee of the Japanese Government investigated 2,475 adverse events and reported 617 (6.9/100,000) severe cases and 176 (2.0/100,000) cases with chronic pain. The proactive recommendation for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been suspended since June 2013. In this study, we examined vaccination rate and incidence of abnormal cervical cytology in women aged 20 to 24 years attending cancer screening in Miyagi...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Erika E Doxtader, Jennifer A Brainard, Dawn Underwood, Deborah J Chute
BACKGROUND: Because of cervical cancer screening recommendations and forthcoming first-line human papillomavirus (HPV) screening, many Papanicolaou (Pap) tests will be performed in patients with known concurrent HPV results. This study was designed to evaluate whether knowledge of the HPV status affects cytotechnologists' interpretation of Pap tests. METHODS: A retrospective search of cervical screening Pap tests with known concurrent HPV results provided 250 ThinPrep Pap tests, which were chosen to reflect an atypical rate similar to the rate of the Cleveland Clinic's normal practice...
October 12, 2016: Cancer
Ki-Jin Ryu, Sanghoon Lee, Kyung-Jin Min, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Yun Song, Jae Kwan Lee, Nak Woo Lee
Current ASCCP guidelines recommend repeat cytology 12 months after HPV-positive results in women aged 21-24 years with either atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) or a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL). The purpose of this study was to validate an algorithm in such women with ASCUS or LSIL. A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out at three academic hospitals involving 40,847 Korean women who underwent cervical cancer screening with cytology and HPV testing with or without subsequent colposcopic biopsies between January 2007 and December 2013...
October 7, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic
BACKGROUND: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) is a term that refers to inflammatory, reactive and reparative processes which are atypical and of higher level and insufficient to be classified as cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN). AIMS: Examine of frequency of HPV infection in ASCUS lesions and regression, stagnation and progression during six-month period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective study was conducted over a period of 3 years...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Gina S Ogilvie, Mel Krajden, Dirk van Niekerk, Laurie W Smith, Darrel Cook, Kathy Ceballos, Marette Lee, Laura Gentile, Lovedeep Gondara, Ruth Elwood-Martin, Stuart Peacock, Gavin Stuart, Eduardo L Franco, Andrew J Coldman
: Complete Round 1 data (baseline and 12-month follow-up) for HPV FOCAL, a randomized trial establishing the efficacy of HPV DNA testing with cytology triage as a primary screen for cervical cancer are presented. Women were randomized to one of three arms: Control arm - Baseline liquid-based cytology (LBC) with ASCUS results triaged with HPV testing; Intervention and Safety arms - Baseline HPV with LBC triage for HPV positives. Results are presented for 15,744 women allocated to the HPV (intervention and safety combined) and 9,408 to the control arms...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Kristin Keglovitz, Andrew D Richardson, Nicola Lancki, Tim Walsh, John A Schneider
PURPOSE: Limited data are available on anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASILs) and anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in young, black populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of and relationships between ASILs and high-risk HPV infection in a young (<30 years of age), predominately black, men who have sex with men (MSM) population. METHODS: Results of anal cytology and HPV DNA were gathered for 83 individuals. RESULTS: Forty-two percent of individuals (35) had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and 33% (27) had low-grade intraepithelial lesion by cytology...
September 27, 2016: LGBT Health
Z M Li, L Q Zeng, X H Peng, L Z Mao, X L Sun, Y H Li, X P Luo
Objective: To study the clinical and pathological characteristics of HPV-negative cervical cancer patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 785 cervical cancer patients in Guangdong Women and Children Hospital from Jan. 2005 to Oct. 2015. By detecting high- risk HPV infection by flow-through hybridization genechip technique. Results: (1)Among 785 cases of cervical cancer, 71 cases were negative for HPV infection tested by genechip technique, accounting for 9.0%(71/785), and the relative light units/cut off(RLU/CO)ratios of these 71 cases were less than 1 by hybird capture Ⅱ(HC-Ⅱ)methods...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Subhojit Dey, Parika Pahwa, Arti Mishra, Jyotsna Govil, Preet K Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Burden of cervical cancer (CC) is highest for women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Human papillomavirus (HPV) is implicated as the necessary cause of CC although a number of other factors aid the long process of CC development. One among them is the presence of reproductive tract infections (RTIs). This study investigated the associations between RTIs and CC from India. METHODS: This study utilized secondary data from the Cancer Detection Centre of the ICS, Delhi...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Meng Wang, Changqing Hao, Qing Ma, Guohui Song, Shanrui Ma, Deli Zhao, Lin Zhao, Xinqing Li, Wenqiang Wei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of DNA image cytometry (DNA-ICM) as a primary screening method for esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). METHODS: A total of 5,382 local residents aged 40-69 years from three high-risk areas in China (Linzhou in Henan province, Feicheng in Shandong province and Cixian in Hebei province) from 2008 to 2011 were recruited in this population-based screening study. And 2,526 subjects declined to receive endoscopic biopsy examination with Lugol's iodine staining, while 9 and 815 subjects were excluded from liquid-based cytology and DNA-ICM test respectively due to slide quality...
August 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Stamatios Petousis, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Chrysoula Margioula-Siarkou, Apostolos Mamopoulos, George Mavromatidis, Nikolaos Prapas, David Rousso
OBJECTIVE: Τhe study aimed to study the rate of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) that progressed to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HGSIL), as well as the number of patients who finally necessitated a surgical intervention during follow-up. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on patients admitted for colposcopy during 2007-2012. We exclusively included those who presented with newly ASCUS diagnosis, while patients with a history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) were excluded...
September 13, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Maria Kyrgiou, Ilkka Kalliala, Anita Mitra, Ka Ying Bonnie Ng, Olivia Raglan, Christina Fotopoulou, Pierre Martin-Hirsch, Evangelos Paraskevaidis, Marc Arbyn
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the optimum management strategy for women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS/borderline) or low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (LSIL/mild dyskaryosis) cytological abnormalities at primary screening in the absence of HPV DNA test. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL and included randomised controlled trials comparing immediate colposcopy to cytological surveillance in women with ASCUS/LSIL. The outcomes of interest were occurrence of different histological grades of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and default rates during follow-up...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Marc-André Lachance
The purpose of this review is to introduce Metschnikowia to the yeast researcher community and to convince readers that the genus is a worthwhile object of study in developmental biology, genetics, ecology and biotechnology. Metschnikowia sits at the foundation of modern immunology, having been instrumental in the discovery of animal phagocytosis. Some 81 species form a monophyletic group within the Metschnikowiaceae, which also include the smaller genus Clavispora and a few clades of Candida species. The family stands out by the habit of forming, by meiosis, only two ascospores, which in Metschnikowia are needle shaped...
September 7, 2016: Yeast
Philip E Castle, Shagufta Aslam, Catherine Behrens
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer risks, estimated by using cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3) or more severe diagnoses ({greater than or equal to}CIN3) endpoints, have not been quantified for different combinations of results from currently approved screening methods. Understanding these risks will guide optimal patient management. METHODS: Women aged {greater than or equal to}25 years (n=7,823) underwent high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) and liquid-based cytology (LBC) testing...
September 1, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
O M Kolawole, K T Olatunji, K A Durowade
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been implicated as one of the principal causes of cervical cancer, which is the second highest cause of cancer deaths among Nigerian women. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at determining the presence of HPV DNA in abnormal cervical cytology of a group of women who were screened using Papanicolaou staining technique. METHODOLOGY: A total of 200 women attending the Obstetrics and Gynaecology clinic of the Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, were screened by means of conventional Pap smear screening, while positive samples underwent molecular analyses by means of DNA isolation techniques and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2016: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
Leticia Torres-Ibarra, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo L Franco, Jack Cuzick, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Attila Lorincz, Berenice Rivera, Paula Ramírez, Indira Mendiola-Pastrana, Samantha E Rudolph, Leith León-Maldonado, Rubí Hernández, Elizabeth Barrios, Patti Gravitt, Anna Barbara Moscicki, Kathleen M Schmeler, Yvonne N Flores, Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Jorge Salmerón
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the study design and baseline characteristics of the study population, including the first 30 829 women who enrolled in the Forwarding Research for Improved Detection and Access for Cervical Cancer Screening and Triage (FRIDA Study). This is a large population based study that is evaluating the performance and cost-effectiveness of different triage strategies for high-risk HPV (hrHPV) positive women in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The target population is more than 100 000 women aged 30 to 64 years who attend the Cervical Cancer Screening Program in 100 health centers in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico...
April 2016: Salud Pública de México
Thomas C Wright, Mark H Stoler, Shagufta Aslam, Catherine M Behrens
OBJECTIVES: With human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, patients' HPV status may be known when reviewing cytology specimens. METHODS: 41,955 women 25 years or older had cytology and HPV screening. Originally, cytology was reviewed blinded to HPV status. We re-reviewed unblinded to HPV status a subset of 428 cytology slides from women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 + (CIN2+) and 1,287 from women without CIN2+. RESULTS: Of the original interpretations of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US), 33...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
David Guenat, Sophie Launay, Didier Riethmuller, Christiane Mougin, Jean-Luc Prétet
BACKGROUND: Preanalytical conditions determine the reliability and validity of bioassays. Therefore, the analytic performances of biological tests need to be determined when preanalytical steps differ from those recommended by the manufacturer. The objective of the study was to assess the analytic performance of the hc2 test for the detection of high-risk HPV DNA from cells stored in the new Novaprep® HQ+ medium. METHODS: Repeatability, reproducibility, method comparison and stability (-20 °C, +4 °C, +20 °C and +40 °C up to six months) were evaluated from HPV16 and HPV18 positive cell lines diluted in the Novaprep® HQ+ medium and the reference Specimen Transport Medium (STM)...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
David W Doo, Elaine H Stickrath, Sara E Mazzoni, Meredith J Alston
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate agreement between an abnormal endocervical brush (ECB) collected at the time of colposcopy and subsequent endocervical curettage (ECC). METHODS: All women evaluated for lower genital tract disease at a single academic institution were prospectively entered into a database. The database was queried for those who had a colposcopic exam with ECB between April 1, 2013, and June 15, 2015, and who subsequently returned for an ECC to further evaluate eligibility for expectant management or ablative therapy...
October 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Toni Ricardo Martins, Cristina Mendes de Oliveira, Luciana Reis Rosa, Cristiane de Campos Centrone, Célia Luiza Regina Rodrigues, Luisa Lina Villa, José Eduardo Levi
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) genotype distribution varies according to the method of assessment and population groups. This study analyzed type-specific HPV infections among women ranging from 14-95 years old, displaying normal and abnormal cytology, from São Paulo and Barretos cities, Brazil. METHODS: Women found positive for High Risk-HPVs DNA by either the Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) or Cobas HPV Test (n = 431) plus a random sample of 223 negative by both assays and 11 samples with indeterminate results, totalizing 665 samples, were submitted to HPV detection by the PapilloCheck test...
2016: Virology Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"