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Antinuclear antibodies 1:80

Christine M Litwin, Angela R Rourk
BACKGROUND: The presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) has been described following hepatitis C virus (HCV). Very few studies have investigated the presence of anti-extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) in HCV infection. METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ENA antibodies in 100 patients with HCV infection compared to the prevalence of ENA antibodies in 100 healthy control patients. Sera from patients were tested for ENA using a multiplex microbead immunoassay...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
T Hashimoto, Y Kawakami, H Wakabayashi, W Oda, T Hamada, H Doi, Y Aoyama, K Iwatsuki
A 44-year-old woman with seronegative polyarthritis presented with a 2-year history of a solitary, bluish-red, oedematous, nonscaly, annular and partially reticulated macule on her right thigh. Histopathological findings revealed perivascular and periadnexal lymphocytic infiltrate in the dermis. Alcian blue and colloidal iron stains highlighted mucinous deposit in the upper and mid dermis. Direct immunofluorescence showed a linear deposit of IgG and C3 along the basement membrane zone. Antinuclear antibody was positive at a titre of 1 : 80, with homogenous and speckled patterns...
June 9, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Rebecca N Monastero, Roxanne Karimi, Jennifer F Nyland, James Harrington, Keith Levine, Jaymie R Meliker
Mercury (Hg) is a well-known neurotoxin, and has been more recently studied specifically as an immunotoxin. In experimental and a few epidemiologic studies, Hg has been associated with distinct cytokine profiles and antinuclear antibody (ANA) positivity, though patterns at lower levels of exposure, typical of seafood consumers with a western diet, are not well characterized. Seafood consumers (n=287) recruited on Long Island, NY completed food frequency and health questionnaires and provided blood for analysis of Hg, poly-unsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids), selenium (Se), ANA, and several cytokines (IL-1β, IL-4, IL-10, TNF-α, IL-17, IFN-γ, and IL-1ra)...
July 2017: Environmental Research
H Gao, X X Ma, Q Guo, Y D Zou, Y C Zhong, L F Xie, M Shao, X W Zhang
Objective: To determine the expression of Sema3A in serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), to analysis the correlation of Sema3A expression and SLE clinical manifestations and laboratory indexes, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of Sema3A in patients with SLE. Methods: The concentration of serum Sema3A was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with SLE, healthy controls (HC) and diseases controls. In addition, the mRNA expression level of Sema3A was examined in PBMC by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Emily C Somers, Seetha U Monrad, Jeffrey S Warren, Maritsa Solano, Lourdes Schnaas, Mauricio Hernandez-Avila, Martha Maria Tellez-Rojo, Howard Hu
OBJECTIVE: To characterize antinuclear antibody (ANA) prevalence according to distinct assay methodologies in a pediatric cohort from Mexico City, and to further examine associations with age and sex. METHODS: Serum ANA were measured by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and multiplex immunoassay in 114 children aged 9-17 years. IFA was considered positive at a cutoff titer of ≥1:80. Agreement between assay methods was assessed by kappa statistic. Sensitivity, specificity, and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the multiplex were computed with IFA as the reference standard...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Margit Zeher, Astrid Rasmussen, Raphaele Seror, Elke Theander, Xiaomei Li, Chiara Baldini, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Debashish Danda, Luca Quartuccio, Roberta Priori, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Aike A Kruize, Valeria Valim, Marika Kvarnstrom, Damien Sene, Roberto Gerli, Sonja Praprotnik, David Isenberg, Roser Solans, Maureen Rischmueller, Seung-Ki Kwok, Gunnel Nordmark, Yasunori Suzuki, Roberto Giacomelli, Valerie Devauchelle-Pensec, Michele Bombardieri, Benedikt Hofauer, Hendrika Bootsma, Johan G Brun, Guadalupe Fraile, Steven E Carsons, Tamer A Gheita, Jacques Morel, Cristina Vollenveider, Fabiola Atzeni, Soledad Retamozo, Ildiko Fanny Horvath, Kathy Sivils, Thomas Mandl, Pulukool Sandhya, Salvatore De Vita, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Eefje van der Heijden, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Xavier Mariette, Manuel Ramos-Casals
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of geolocation and ethnicity on the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) at diagnosis. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry designed in 2014. By January 2016, 20 centres from five continents were participating. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 7748 women (93%) and 562 men (7%), with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years...
June 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Helen C S Meier, Dale P Sandler, Eleanor M Simonsick, Christine G Parks
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with cancer and autoimmune diseases, but little is known about the association between vitamin D and antinuclear antibodies (ANA), a biomarker of immune dysfunction in healthy populations. The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with ANA in middle-aged and older U.S. adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2004 was conducted...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Irena Orságová, Luděk RoŽnovský, Lenka Petroušová, Michaela Konečná, Libuše Kabieszová, Jan Martinek, Alena Kloudová, Ladislav Pavliska
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of autoimmune parameters in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C (HBV, HCV) treated with conventional or pegylated interferon alpha (IFN) and monitor the development of autoimmune diseases in connection with this treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the years 1992-2014, autoimmune parameters were evaluated in 324 patients (271 with HCV, 53 with HBV) treated with IFN at the Department of Infectious Diseases in Ostrava. Prior to, during and after completion of IFN treatment, antinuclear antibodies (ANA), antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA), smooth muscle antibodies (SMA), anti-liver/kidney microsomal antibodies (anti-LKM-1), anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies (anti-ds-DNA), antibodies against granulocytes (ANCA), anti-deoxyribonucleoprotein antibodies (anti-DNP), anti-nucleosomes antibodies, rheumatoid factor (RF) and circulating immune complexes (CIC) were determined and clinical manifestations of autoimmune diseases were evaluated...
June 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
Anne E Depincé-Berger, Amelie Moreau, Virginie Bossy, Christian Genin, Melanie Rinaudo, Stephane Paul
BACKGROUND: Indirect immunofluorescence plays a major role in the detection of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) and follow-up of their titers in the context of connective tissue diseases. Given the numerous unfavorable features of the conventional manual reading of HEP2 slides (need of time and expert morphologists for the reading, lack of standardization, subjectivity of the interpretation), the biomedical industry has developed automated techniques of slide preparation and microscope reading...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Hana Jedlickova, Veronika Durčanská, Vladimír Vašků
Dear Editor, Scleroderma associated with neoplasia is rare, with only a small number of cases reported. We describe 4 patients with paraneoplastic scleroderma who were treated at the I. Department of Dermatovenereology, St. Anna Hospital, during the period between 2004 and 2014. The patients were diagnosed with cholangiogenic carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, prostatic adenocarcinoma, and adenoma of the suprarenal gland. In the case of concurrent scleroderma and tumor, four situations may occur: they can develop independently of each other; scleroderma may be induced by the tumor; the tumor can develop in the scleroderma; or the tumor can be induced by immunosuppressive therapy...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Aylin Demirezer Bolat, Fatma Ebru Akın, Mustafa Tahtacı, Öykü Tayfur Yürekli, Hüseyin Köseoğlu, Şükran Erten, Murat Başaran, Eyüp Selvi, Şemnur Büyükaşık, Osman Ersoy
AIM: To define the prevalence of polyautoimmunity (PAI) among celiac disease (CD) patients and to compare clinical and laboratory features of CD patients with or without PAI in order to determine the risk factors for PAI in CD. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Patients diagnosed with CD in our clinic between 2007 and 2014 with at least 1 year of follow-up were retrospectively evaluated. Totally 145 patients were included in the study. Information on patient demographics and laboratory data were obtained from patient records...
2015: Digestion
Rena Kaneko, Chitose Ohishi, Miniru Kim, Masaaki Shiina, Satoshi Kusayanagi, Masazumi Ogawa, Kazuo Munakata, Kyoichi Mizuno, Yuzuru Sato
Two cases of severe liver injury and positive result for antinuclear antibodies induced by food additives are reported. The first patient reported long-term intake of Mabo Ramen(®) noodle soup, nutritional supplements, and over-the-counter drugs. Total bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were 9.6 mg/dL, 1,048, and 1,574 IU/L, respectively. Antinuclear antibody was 80×. The drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST) was positive for Mabo Ramen(®) and its additives such as Xanthan gum, guar gum, and Doubanjiang...
August 2012: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Sujan Ravi, Mohamed Shoreibah, Evan Raff, Joseph Bloomer, Donny Kakati, Khalid Rasheed, Ashwani K Singal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Autoimmune (AI) markers are reported in patients with steatohepatitis-related liver disease. However, their clinical significance is unclear. METHODS: Charts of patients due to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) or nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were stratified for antinuclear antigen (ANA > 1:80), antismooth muscle antibody (ASMA > 1:40), or antimitochondrial antibody (AMA > 1:20). Study outcomes were patient survival and complications of liver disease...
December 2015: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Antonio Carroccio, Alberto D'Alcamo, Francesca Cavataio, Maurizio Soresi, Aurelio Seidita, Carmelo Sciumè, Girolamo Geraci, Giuseppe Iacono, Pasquale Mansueto
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is much interest in wheat sensitivity among people without celiac disease (CD), but little is known about any risks associated with the condition. We evaluated the prevalence of autoimmune diseases (ADs) among patients with nonceliac wheat sensitivity (NCWS), and investigated whether they carry antinuclear antibodies (ANA). METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 131 patients diagnosed with NCWS (121 female; mean age, 29.1 years) at 2 hospitals in Italy from January 2001 through June 2011...
September 2015: Gastroenterology
R Sakthiswary, S Rajalingam, M R Norazman, H Hussein
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is unknown in a significant proportion of patients. Autoimmune processes have been implicated in the pathogenesis. The role of antinuclear antibody (ANA) in this context is largely undetermined. In an attempt to address the lack of evidence in this area, we explored the clinical significance of antinuclear antibody (ANA) in unexplained RPL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 68 patients with RPL and 60 healthy controls from September 2005 to May 2012...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
Jiaxin Zhou, Dong Xu, Yong Hou, Qian Wang, Mengtao Li, Xiaofeng Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features, laboratory tests, treatments and outcome of patients with scleroderma renal crisis (SRC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and laboratory data of 16 patients with scleroderma renal crisis in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from May 2004 to May 2013. The treatment and outcome of SRC patients were also retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: There were a total of 16 SRC patients including 5 male patients and 11 females...
February 2015: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Yun Zhao, Ya Li, Li Wang, Xiao-Feng Li, Ci-Bo Huang, Guo-Chun Wang, Xue-Wu Zhang, Zhuo-Li Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Wei-Guo Xiao, Lie Dai, Yong-Fu Wang, Shao-Xian Hu, Hong-Bin Li, Lu Gong, Bin Liu, Ling-Yun Sun, Miao-Jia Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Yong-Zhe Li, De-Shun Du, Shun-Hua Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Feng-Chun Zhang
The epidemiological characteristics of Sjögren syndrome (SS) are significantly varied in different countries. We conducted the present study to survey the epidemiological characteristics of primary SS in China. We recruited 483 primary SS patients from 16 Chinese medical centers nationwide from January 2009 to November 2011 and assessed salivary and lacrimal gland dysfunction, organ involvement, and autoimmunity in these patients. The cohort included 456 women and 27 men (ratio, 17:1; mean age at onset, 42 ± 11 years; median age at diagnosis, 49 years; range, 41-56 years)...
April 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sana En-Nasri, Zineb Fouad, Wafaa Fadili, Selma Hassani, Amal Said, Lamiaa Essaadouni, Inass Laouad
BACKGROUND: Lupus nephritis is a common and serious damage in systemic lupus erythematosus. The aim of our study is to define the frequency and to identify the predictors of lupus nephritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: multicenter retrospective study on all systemic lupus erythematosus patients followed between 2005 and 2012. We analyzed the epidemiological, clinical and biological presentation at admission and during follow-up. We have identified two groups of patients: group 1 involving systemic lupus erythematosus without renal disease, group 2 : patient with lupus nephritis...
October 2014: La Tunisie Médicale
Doaa Mohammed Youssef, Doaa Mostafa Tawfek, Abdelsalam Mohammed Mohammed, Rania Mohammed, Naglaa Ahmed Khalifa
Clinical manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are widely variable, and its course is unpredictable. SLE that begins in childhood has been considered more severe than SLE with onset during adulthood. Our aim was to determine the presentation and the outcome of SLE of 26 children (20 females and 6 males, with a female to male ratio of 3.8:1) with SLE in our center, their ages ranging from 5 - 18 years and followed from 2005 till October 2011. They were diagnosed according to the American Rheumatism Association's revised criteria...
March 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Emily C Somers, Martha A Ganser, Jeffrey S Warren, Niladri Basu, Lu Wang, Suzanna M Zick, Sung Kyun Park
BACKGROUND: Immune dysregulation associated with mercury has been suggested, although data in the general population are lacking. Chronic exposure to low levels of methylmercury (organic) and inorganic mercury is common, such as through fish consumption and dental amalgams. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between mercury biomarkers and antinuclear antibody (ANA) positivity and titer strength. METHODS: Among females 16-49 years of age (n = 1,352) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004, we examined cross-sectional associations between mercury and ANAs (indirect immunofluorescence; cutoff ≥ 1:80)...
August 2015: Environmental Health Perspectives
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