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Deaths in preweaned lambs associated with administering oral minerals containing copperCongenital malformations in calvesIdiopathic necrotising enteritis in calvesAbomasal obstruction due to trichobezoars in suckled calvesRadial neuropathy (kangaroo gait) in a ewe These are among matters discussed in the disease surveillance report for July 2016 from SAC Consulting: Veterinary Services (SAC C VS).
October 22, 2016: Veterinary Record
Michael P Grubb, Philip M Coulter, Hugo J B Marroux, Balazs Hornung, Ryan S McMullen, Andrew J Orr-Ewing, Michael N R Ashfold
Spectroscopically observing the translational and rotational motion of solute molecules in liquid solutions is typically impeded by their interactions with the solvent, which conceal spectral detail through linewidth broadening. Here we show that unique insights into solute dynamics can be made with perfluorinated solvents, which interact weakly with solutes and provide a simplified liquid environment that helps to bridge the gap in our understanding of gas- and liquid-phase dynamics. Specifically, we show that in such solvents, the translational and rotational cooling of an energetic CN radical can be observed directly using ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy...
November 2016: Nature Chemistry
Keishi Mizuguchi, Hiroshi Minato, Hitomi Onishi, Yuki Mitani, Jun Kawai
Primary pulmonary neoplasms of the Ewing family of tumors (EFT) are extremely rare and usually occur in adolescents or young adults. Only about 40 cases of pulmonary EFT have been reported in English literature, and no cytological studies have been documented. In this report, we describe the cytopathological findings of a primary pulmonary EFT in an elderly patient. A 70-year-old man sought care because of a progressing cough and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography revealed a circumscribed mass of 6 cm in the left upper lobe...
September 2016: Thoracic Cancer
M E F Oliveira, H Ayres, L G Oliveira, E Oba, R T Kridli, P M Bartlewski, J F Fonseca, S D Bicudo, W R R Vicente
This study was conducted to document the pattern of antral follicular wave emergence throughout the 14-day, progesterone (P4)-based estrous synchronization protocol in ewes that were maintained in subtropical conditions, during the period of increasing day lengths (ID), decreasing day lengths (DD), and the transitional period (TP). In addition, the influence of ovarian status (i.e., size of ovarian antral follicles and the presence of corpora lutea) at the outset of P4 treatment on ensuing ovarian follicular wave development was examined...
September 9, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Tao He, Didier Surdez, Juha K Rantala, Saija Haapa-Paananen, Jozef Ban, Maximilian Kauer, Eleni Tomazou, Vidal Fey, Javier Alonso, Heinrich Kovar, Olivier Delattre, Kristiina Iljin
A translocation leading to the formation of an oncogenic EWS-ETS fusion protein defines Ewing sarcoma. The most frequent gene fusion, present in 85 percent of Ewing sarcomas, is EWS-FLI1. Here, a high-throughput RNA interference screen was performed to identify genes whose function is critical for EWS-FLI1 driven cell viability. In total, 6781 genes were targeted by siRNA molecules and the screen was performed both in presence and absence of doxycycline-inducible expression of the EWS-FLI1 shRNA in A673/TR/shEF Ewing sarcoma cells...
October 16, 2016: Gene
Alberto Caballero Vázquez, Paula García Flores, Ángela Herrera Chilla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
M Beth McCarville, Sara M Federico, Michael W Bishop, Alberto S Pappo, Barry L Shulkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Radiology
Rabi Chhantyal-Pun, Oliver Welz, John David Savee, Arkke J Eskola, Edmond P F Lee, Lucy Blacker, Henry R Hill, Matilda Ashcroft, M Anwar H H Khan, Guy C Lloyd-Jones, Louise A Evans, Brandon Rotavera, Haifeng Huang, David L Osborn, Daniel K W Mok, John M Dyke, Dudley E Shallcross, Carl John Percival, Andrew J Orr-Ewing, Craig Allen Taatjes
The Criegee intermediate acetone oxide, (CH3)2COO, is formed by laser photolysis of 2,2-diiodopropane in the presence of O2 and characterized by synchrotron photoionization mass spectrometry and by cavity ringdown ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy. The rate coefficient of the reaction of the Criegee intermediate with SO2 was measured using photoionization mass spectrometry and pseudo-first order methods to be (7.3 ± 0.5) × 10 11 cm3 s 1 at 298 K and 4 Torr and (1.5 ± 0.5) × 10 10 cm3 s 1 at 298 K and 10 Torr (He buffer)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Ramsa Chaves-Ulloa, Brad W Taylor, Hannah J Broadley, Kathryn L Cottingham, Nicholas A Baer, Kathleen C Weathers, Holly A Ewing, Celia Y Chen
Mercury (Hg) concentrations in aquatic environments have increased globally, exposing consumers of aquatic organisms to high Hg levels. For both aquatic and terrestrial consumers, exposure to Hg depends on their food sources as well as environmental factors influencing Hg bioavailability. The majority of the research on the transfer of methylmercury (MeHg), a toxic and bioaccumulating form of Hg, between aquatic and terrestrial food webs has focused on terrestrial piscivores. However, a gap exists in our understanding of the factors regulating MeHg bioaccumulation by non-piscivorous terrestrial predators, specifically consumers of adult aquatic insects...
September 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Nana Zhang, Guanjun Yue, Yan Zhang, Jiangfeng You, Hua Wang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153546.].
2016: PloS One
Christopher M Runyan, Vishal Sharma, David A Staffenberg, Jamie P Levine, Lawrence E Brecht, Leonard H Wexler, David L Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of maxillary defects following tumor extirpation is challenging because of combined aesthetic and functional roles of the maxilla. One-stage reconstruction combining osseous free flaps with immediate osseointegrated implants are becoming the standard for mandibular defects, and have similar potential for maxillary reconstruction. METHODS: A woman with maxillary Ewing sarcoma successfully treated at age 9 with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, right hemimaxillectomy, and obturator prosthetic reconstruction presented for definitive reconstruction, complaining of poor obturator fit, and hypernasality...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Andrew Appelboam, Paul Ewings, James Gagg, Jane Vickery, Andy Barton, Adam Reuben, Clifford Mann, Jonathan Benger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Wei Wan, Yan Lou, Zhiqi Hu, Ting Wang, Jinsong Li, Yu Tang, Zhipeng Wu, Leqin Xu, Xinghai Yang, Dianwen Song, Jianru Xiao
Little information has been published in the literature regarding survival outcomes of patients with Ewing's sarcoma family tumors (ESFTs) of the spine. The purpose of this study is to explore factors that may affect the prognosis of patients with non-metastatic spinal ESFTs. A retrospective analysis of survival outcomes was performed in patients with non-metastatic spinal ESFTs. Univariate and multivariate analyses were employed to identify prognostic factors for recurrence and survival. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were defined as the date of surgery to the date of local relapse and death...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Sue Patterson, Kathleen Freshwater, Nicole Goulter, Julie Ewing, Boyd Leamon, Anand Choudhary, Vikas Moudgil, Brett Emmerson
Aims and method To describe and explain psychiatrists' responses to metabolic abnormalities identified during screening. We carried out an audit of clinical records to assess rates of monitoring and follow-up practice. Semi-structured interviews with 36 psychiatrists followed by descriptive and thematic analyses were conducted. Results Metabolic abnormalities were identified in 76% of eligible patients screened. Follow-up, recorded for 59%, was variable but more likely with four or more abnormalities. Psychiatrists endorse guidelines but ambivalence about responsibility, professional norms, resource constraints and skills deficits as well as patient factors influences practice...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Maureen O'Sullivan
Since its foundation by remarkably talented and insightful individuals, prominently including Pepper Dehner, pediatric soft tissue tumor pathology has developed at an immense rate. The morphologic classification of tumoral entities has extensively been corroborated, but has also evolved with refinement or realignment of these classifications, through accruing molecular data, with many derivative ancillary diagnostic assays now already well-established. Tumors of unclear histogenesis, classically morphologically undifferentiated, are prominent amongst pediatric sarcomas, however, the classes of undifferentiated round- or spindle-cell-tumors-not-otherwise-specified are being dismantled gradually with the identification of their molecular underpinnings...
September 5, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
C Bingham, A Hodge, B Mariadass
AIM: To determine if there was a benefit from treating ewes with a low body condition score (BCS) with long acting anthelmintic products pre-lambing and to compare the effects of two commonly used treatment options. METHODS: The study was conducted on a single commercial hill country sheep and beef property in the central North Island of New Zealand. Mixed age twin-bearing ewes were preselected by the farmer as being in poor condition 4 weeks before the planned start of lambing, and were sequentially drafted into three equal groups identified with coloured ear tags...
October 17, 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Radoslava Vlčková, Drahomíra Sopková, Zuzana Andrejčáková, Igor Valocký, Attila Kádasi, Abdel Halim Harrath, Vladimír Petrilla, Alexander V Sirotkin
Yucca (Yucca schidigera) is a popular medicinal plant due to its many positive effects on animal and human physiology, including their reproductive systems. To examine the effect of supplemental yucca feeding on sheep reproduction, including ovarian functions and their hormonal regulators, ewes were fed (or not fed, control) yucca powder (1.5 g/head/day, 30 days). Macromorphometric indexes of the oviduct, ovary, and ovarian folliculogenesis were measured. Reproductive hormone levels in the blood were measured using a radioimmunoassay...
September 21, 2016: Theriogenology
Meherzia Mokni, Mohamed Amri, Ferid Limam, Ezzedine Aouani
In the present study, we investigated the effect of grape seed and skin supplement (GSSS), on lactating dairy ewes' production. Ten dairy pregnant ewes from northern Tunisia were allocated to two groups: control diet (C) and supplemented with 20 % (w/w) GSSS. The experiment lasted for 8 weeks and took place after 2 months of lambing. During the experiment, daily milk yield and milk composition were determined. Supplementation of the diet with GSSS increased milk production (P < 0.001), calcium (P < 0...
October 15, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
E Zonabend König, J M K Ojango, J Audho, T Mirkena, E Strandberg, A M Okeyo, J Philipsson
Meat production is the most important trait in the breeding objectives of sheep production in East Africa. The aim of this study was to investigate breed differences in live weight, conformation, carcass traits and economic values for meat production among Red Maasai and Dorper sheep and their crosses. In total, 88 ram lambs, which were reared at the ILRI experimental station, Kapiti plains Estate in Central Kenya, were used for the study. The lambs were slaughtered at Kenya Meat Commission (KMC) at about 1 year of age...
October 14, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Jing Rui Tang, Nor Ashidi Mat Isa, Ewe Seng Ch'ng
Pap test involves searching of morphological changes in cervical squamous epithelial cells by pathologists or cytotechnologists to identify potential cancerous cells in the cervix. Nuclear membrane irregularity is one of the morphological changes of malignancy. This paper proposes two novel techniques for the evaluation of nuclear membrane irregularity. The first technique, namely, penalty-driven smoothing analysis, introduces different penalty values for nuclear membrane contour with different degrees of irregularity...
2016: PloS One
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