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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405786/maternal-responsiveness-as-a-predictor-of-self-regulation-development-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-across-preschool-ages
#1
Ursula Pauli-Pott, Susan Schloß, Katja Becker
Preschool-age "hot" executive function capacity (i.e. reward-related effortful control) represents an early kind of self-regulation that is involved in social adjustment development as well as the development of subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early self-regulation development might be malleable by responsive parenting. We analyzed whether maternal responsiveness/sensitivity predicts reward-related control (RRC) development within the preschool period, and whether RRC mediates a negative link between maternal responsiveness and ADHD symptoms...
April 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378132/relationship-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Vivien Suchert, Anya Pedersen, Reiner Hanewinkel, Barbara Isensee
Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46...
April 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371743/atypical-sensory-profiles-as-core-features-of-adult-adhd-irrespective-of-autistic-symptoms
#3
D Bijlenga, J Y M Tjon-Ka-Jie, F Schuijers, J J S Kooij
BACKGROUND: Abnormal sensory sensitivity is a feature of autism-spectrum disorder (ASD), but is also reported in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In many cases, ADHD and ASD are comorbid. This study investigated the prevalence of sensory hyper- and hyposensitivity among adults with ADHD, controlling for autistic symptoms. METHOD: One hundred and sixteen adults diagnosed with ADHD completed the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile-NL (AASP-NL) and the Autism-spectrum Quotient (AQ) questionnaires...
February 21, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360811/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-levels-and-the-stroop-interference-effect-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Hüseyin Aktaş, Rümeysa Alaca
INTRODUCTION: Brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) has been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, impairment in executive functions has been reported in children with ADHD. This study investigated the presence of a relationship between Stroop test scores and BDNF levels in children with ADHD. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Child Psychiatry at Dicle University. The study included 49 children between 6 and 15 years of age (M/F: 42/7), who were diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV, and who did not receive previous therapy...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360801/relationship-between-impulsivity-and-serum-oxytocin-in-male-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#5
Esra Demirci, Sevgi Özmen, Didem Behice Öztop
INTRODUCTION: Here we aimed to determine the relationship between oxytocin levels and impulsivity, which is an important aspect at Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) clinics. METHODS: The study population comprised 40 ADHD patients diagnosed based on the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version, without other psychiatric disorders and chronic diseases aged between 8 and 15 years. The control group comprised 40 healthy, age-matched, male children and adolescents who voluntarily participated in the study...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352178/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-elementary-school-students-in-shantou-china-prevalence-subtypes-and-influencing-factors
#6
Yanhong Huang, Shaoxiong Zheng, Chongtao Xu, Kun Lin, Kusheng Wu, Maochun Zheng, Jie Zhang, Haiyun Xu
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequent childhood-onset psychiatric condition and categorized into three subtypes of predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I), hyperactive impulsive (ADHD-H), and combined (ADHD-C). The prevalence and subtypes of ADHD vary considerably. The primary aim of this study was to provide a prevalence estimate of ADHD in elementary school students living in Shantou, a district of China, and in addition to examine the influence of informants, age, and gender on the prevalence...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323525/the-impact-of-pharmacotherapy-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-variations-across-subtypes
#7
Navneet Upadhyay, Hua Chen, Osaro Mgbere, Vinod S Bhatara, Rajender R Aparasu
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacotherapy on the risk of substance use within each ADHD subtype. METHODS: The study used data from the National Comorbidity Survey-Adolescent supplement, a nationally representative sample of US adolescents (ages 13-18) collected from 6,483 adolescent-parent interviews conducted between 2001 and 2004. ADHD was categorized into three subtypes: ADHD-predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type (ADHD-H); ADHD-predominantly inattentive type (ADHD-I); and ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291295/-association-between-parenting-styles-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Esra Çöp, S Ebru Çengel Kültür, Gülser Şenses Dinç
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study characteristics of child and mother reported parenting styles of children with Attention Deficit Hyperacitivity Disorder (ADHD) and association of parenting styles of mothers with demographic and clinical variables like ADHD symptoms, sex, age, ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. METHOD: 58 children with ADHD and 30 healthy children were included in this study. All children were assessed by The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children- Present and Lifetime Version...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283834/risk-factors-for-comorbid-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Siri D S Noordermeer, Marjolein Luman, Wouter D Weeda, Jan K Buitelaar, Jennifer S Richards, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Barbara Franke, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Jaap Oosterlaan
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is highly prevalent in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Individuals with both ADHD and ODD (ADHD + ODD) show a considerably worse prognosis compared with individuals with either ADHD or ODD. Therefore, identification of risk factors for ADHD + ODD is essential and may contribute to the development of (early) preventive interventions. Participants were matched for age, gender, and ADHD-subtype (diagnostic groups), and did not differ in IQ. Predictors included pre- and perinatal risk factors (pregnancy duration, birth weight, maternal smoking during pregnancy), transgenerational factors (parental ADHD; parental warmth and criticism in diagnostic groups), and postnatal risk factors (parental socioeconomic status [SES], adverse life events, deviant peer affiliation)...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271675/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-a-blunted-parathyroid-hormone-response-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Sibelnur Avcil, Pinar Uysal, Mustafa Yilmaz, Duygu Erge, Sevcan K Demirkaya, Esra Eren
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequently diagnosed neuropsychiatric disorder of childhood. The etiopathogenesis of ADHD has not been fully defined. Recent evidence has suggested a pathophysiological role of vitamin D deficiency in ADHD. In this study, we evaluated the serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D), parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium (Ca), phosphate (P), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in children with ADHD. METHODS: The study group consisted of 105 children diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-TR criteria...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262601/il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE-in-unmedicated-adults-with-adhd-relationship-to-cortisol-awakening-response
#11
M Corominas-Roso, A Armario, G Palomar, M Corrales, J Carrasco, V Richarte, R Ferrer, M Casas, J A Ramos-Quiroga
There is preliminary evidence that the immune system's cytokines may have impact on ADHD in children. Nevertheless, studies exploring the possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines in adults with ADHD are lacking. This study aimed to assess differences in serum IL-6 and TNF-α between patients and controls and their possible relationship to resting cortisol. 108 adults with ADHD (DSM-IV), 44 inattentive and 64 combined, age ranging between 18 and 55 years, and 27 healthy controls were included. Major psychiatric disorders and organic comorbidities were excluded...
May 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256694/-comparison-between-the-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-the-dsm-5-and-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-the-executive-functions
#12
L Abad-Mas, O Caloca-Catala, F Mulas, R Ruiz-Andres
INTRODUCTION: The attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has a prevalence among 3-7% in scholar population and it is associated with learning disabilities and executive dysfunctions. AIM: To study the relationship between the ADHD diagnostic through DSM-5 criteria and the neuropshychology evaluation of executive functions. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample of this study consisted in 50 subjects, 12 females and 38 males, with an age between 8 and 10 years old...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250560/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-a-study-from-southern-india
#13
Suhas Ganesh, Arun Kandasamy, Ubahara S Sahayaraj, Vivek Benegal
CONTEXT: Externalizing disorders of childhood characterized by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder are well known to predispose an individual to experiment with substances at an early age and the later lead to the development of substance use disorders (SUD). ADHD, a developmental disorder, persists into adulthood in about two-thirds of the cases. AIMS: In the present study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of ADHD and its subtypes in treatment-seeking patients with SUD in an outpatient setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#14
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228839/prevalence-and-effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-school-performance-among-primary-school-pupils-in-the-hohoe-municipality-ghana
#15
Kingsley Afeti, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common disorders in early childhood. However, not many studies have been conducted on the prevalence and effect of ADHD on school performance in Ghana. This study sought to ascertain the prevalence of ADHD and its effect on school performance among primary school pupils in the Hohoe municipality of Ghana. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study that included 400 primary school pupils in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212944/acute-and-long-term-effects-of-adolescent-methylphenidate-on-decision-making-and-dopamine-receptor-mrna-expression-in-the-orbitofrontal-cortex
#16
Leslie R Amodeo, Eliza Jacobs-Brichford, Matthew S McMurray, Jamie D Roitman
Though commonly used as a treatment for ADHD, the psychostimulant methylphenidate (MPH) is also misused and abused in adolescence in both clinical and general populations. Although MPH acts via pathways activated by other drugs of abuse, the short- and long-term effects of MPH on reward processing in learning and decision-making are not clearly understood. We examined the effect of adolescent MPH treatment on a battery of reward-directed behaviors both in adolescence during its administration and in adulthood after its discontinuation...
May 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#17
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145641/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-its-comorbidity-among-korean-children-in-a-community-population
#18
Moon Jung Kim, Inho Park, Myung Ho Lim, Ki Chung Paik, Sungja Cho, Ho Jang Kwon, Sang Gyu Lee, Seung Jin Yoo, Mina Ha
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) in children according to socio-demographic factors and the distribution of ADHD subtypes in a community in Korea. A screening survey using the Korean version of ADHD Rating Scale (K-ARS) was conducted between 2007 and 2008, and clinical interviews by a pediatric psychiatrist were performed for selected children between 2009 and 2010. A total of 49,573 elementary school students, between ages of 7 and 12, constituted the target population, among which 38,365 students (77...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139537/are-childhood-externalizing-disorders-the-harbinger-of-early-onset-alcohol-dependence
#19
Abhishek Ghosh, Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) into early-onset (EO) and late-onset (LO) subgroups has been shown to have clinical and biological validity. As externalizing disorders (EDs) predate AD, the link of ED with age of onset of alcohol dependence needs to be investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of EDs such as disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with age at onset of AD in a sample of male subjects...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103833/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-children-and-adolescents-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Tingting Wang, Kaihua Liu, Zhanzhan Li, Yang Xu, Yuan Liu, Wenpei Shi, Lizhang Chen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common childhood neurobehavioural disorder, can produce a series of negative effects on children, adolescents, and even adults as well as place a serious economic burden on families and society. However, the prevalence of ADHD is not well understood in China. The goal of this study was to estimate the pooled prevalence of ADHD among children and adolescents in China using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, CNKI, Wanfang, Weipu and CBM databases, and relevant articles published from inception to March 1, 2016, that provided the prevalence of ADHD among children and adolescents in China were reviewed...
January 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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