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ADHD subtypes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304219/associations-of-adhd-symptoms-with-smoking-and-alternative-tobacco-product-use-initiation-during-adolescence
#1
Nicholas I Goldenson, Rubin Khoddam, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Objective: Recently, use of alternative tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookah (water-pipe tobacco), has increased among adolescents. It is unknown whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with initiation of alternative tobacco product use. Methods: Ninth grade high school students who never used any tobacco product at baseline (N = 1,921) participated in a longitudinal survey from 2014 to 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290095/parental-alexithymia-depression-and-anxiety-levels-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-comparative-study-with-pervasive-developmental-disorders-and-adhd
#2
Ibrahim Durukan, Koray Kara, Mahmoud Almbaideen, Dursun Karaman, Hesna Gül
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders and their relatives have problems to express and recognize emotions but there is a lack of studies concerning alexithymia levels and relationships between parental alexithymia and depression-anxiety symptoms in these groups. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine alexithymia, depression, anxiety levels of parents in children with pervasive developmental disorders and ADHD, also examine if there is a positive correlation between child's neurodevelopmental problem's severity and parental scores...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224418/the-characteristics-and-age-effects-of-emotional-lability-in-adhd-children-with-and-without-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#3
Lu Liu, Wai Chen, Li Sun, Jia Cheng, Yi Su, Daniel Rudaizky, Hai-Mei Li, Li Yang, Qiu-Jin Qian, Yu-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the concurrent validity of emotional lability (EL) in children with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 2,015 children with ADHD and 745 typically developed controls (TDCs) were assessed and compared on EL. RESULTS: ADHD participants expressed higher EL scores than TDCs, not influenced by gender or IQ. Higher levels of EL symptoms were found in children with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and with ADHD-combined subtype...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222741/exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-successful-office-contacts-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Jayde T Hooven, Benjamin N Fogel, James G Waxmonsky, Deepa L Sekhar
The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Participants included 306 children 6-12 years old with an ADHD-related ICD-9/ICD-10 diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176790/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associated-with-kchip1-rs1541665-in-kv-channels-accessory-proteins
#5
Fang-Fen Yuan, Xue Gu, Xin Huang, Yu-Wei Hou, Yan Zhong, Jun Lin, Jing Wu
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an early onset childhood neurodevelopmental disorder with high heritability. A number of genetic risk factors and environment factors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of ADHD. Genes encoding for subtypes of voltage-dependent K channels (Kv) and accessory proteins to these channels have been identified in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of ADHD. We conducted a two-stage case-control study to investigate the associations between five key genes (KChIP4, KChIP1, DPP10, FHIT, and KCNC1) and the risk of developing ADHD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165048/psychoradiologic-utility-of-mr-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-radiomics-analysis
#6
Huaiqiang Sun, Ying Chen, Qiang Huang, Su Lui, Xiaoqi Huang, Yan Shi, Xin Xu, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong
Purpose To identify cerebral radiomic features related to diagnosis and subtyping of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to build and evaluate classification models for ADHD diagnosis and subtyping on the basis of the identified features. Materials and Methods A consecutive cohort of 83 age- and sex-matched children with newly diagnosed and never-treated ADHD (mean age 10.83 years ± 2.30; range, 7-14 years; 71 boys, 40 with ADHD-inattentive [ADHD-I] and 43 with ADHD-combined [ADHD-C, or inattentive and hyperactive]) and 87 healthy control subjects (mean age, 11...
November 22, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161891/the-significance-of-impulsive-error-in-children-with-adhd
#7
Yu-Chi Liao, Nai-Wen Guo, Shin-Jaw Chen, Hsing-Fang Tsai, Jhih-Hong Fang, Jia-Jin Chen, Bei-Yi Su
A deficit of inhibition ability is a neuropsychological problem in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated whether in children who made impulsive error (IE), less error-related negativity (ERN) would correlate with poorer executive attention functions (EAFs). Ninety children (49 with ADHD and 41 without ADHD) were investigated by a 4-minute simple reaction time task and simultaneous electroencephalogram. When they made IE, the ERN in response-locked event-related potential (ERP) was defined as error awareness...
November 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143159/six-year-outcome-in-subjects-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-adults
#8
Dan Edvinsson, Lisa Ekselius
There are very few studies on the long-term outcome in subjects diagnosed with ADHD as adults. The objective of the present study was to assess this and relate the outcome to whether there was current medication or not and to other potential predictors of favourable outcome. A prospective clinical cohort of adults diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV criteria was followed-up on an average of 6 years after first evaluation (n = 124; mean age 42 years, 51% males). ADHD symptom trajectories were assessed as well as medication, global functioning, disability, health-related quality of life, and alcohol and drug consumption at follow-up...
November 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129152/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-epilepsy-and-primary-adhd-differences-in-symptom-dimensions-and-quality-of-life
#9
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Semra Erdoğan, Serkan Gunes, Nuran Ekinci, Merve Kalınlı, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk
PURPOSE: We aimed to (1) compare quality of life (QOL) among children with epilepsy, epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and primary ADHD and (2) compare ADHD symptom dimensions and subtypes between children with epilepsy-ADHD and primary ADHD. METHODS: A total of 140 children; 53 with epilepsy, 35 with epilepsy-ADHD, and 52 with primary ADHD were included. KINDL-R (quality of life measure), Turgay DSM-IV Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S), and Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) were completed...
December 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114538/the-risk-of-hospitalizations-with-injury-diagnoses-in-a-matched-cohort-of-children-and-adolescents-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-germany-a-database-study
#10
Christina Lindemann, Ingo Langner, Tobias Banaschewski, Edeltraut Garbe, Rafael T Mikolajczyk
Background: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder in children and adolescents worldwide, and children with ADHD have elevated risk of injuries. Our aim was to assess the risk of hospitalizations with injury diagnoses and their various subtypes in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed ADHD compared to those without ADHD, as well as to study sex effects on this risk in the setting of the German health care system. Methods: The German Pharmacoepidemiological Research Database, in which 20 million insured from four statutory health insurances in Germany are included, was used to set up a matched cohort study of 3- to 17-year-old children and adolescents with and without ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083042/practitioner-review-current-best-practice-in-the-use-of-parent-training-and-other-behavioural-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
REVIEW
David Daley, Saskia Van Der Oord, Maite Ferrin, Samuele Cortese, Marina Danckaerts, Manfred Doepfner, Barbara J Van den Hoofdakker, David Coghill, Margaret Thompson, Philip Asherson, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Jan Buitelaar, Ralf W Dittmann, Chris Hollis, Martin Holtmann, Eric Konofal, Michel Lecendreux, Aribert Rothenberger, Paramala Santosh, Emily Simonoff, Cesar Soutullo, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Argyris Stringaris, Eric Taylor, Ian C K Wong, Alessandro Zuddas, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Behavioural interventions are recommended for use with children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, specific guidance for their implementation based on the best available evidence is currently lacking. METHODS: This review used an explicit question and answer format to address issues of clinical concern, based on expert interpretation of the evidence with precedence given to meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065375/cryptorchidism-and-increased-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#12
Jianping Chen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Maohua Miao, Hong Liang, Vera Ehrenstein, Ziliang Wang, Wei Yuan, Jiong Li
Male congenital malformations as cryptorchidism may contribute to the development of neurodevelopmental disorders directly or via shared familial genetic and/or environmental factors, but the evidence is sparse. Using population-based health registries, we conducted a cohort study of all liveborn singleton boys in Denmark during 1979-2008. Boys with a diagnosis of cryptorchidism were categorized into the exposed cohort and the other boys into the unexposed comparison cohort. The outcomes were diagnoses of any neurodevelopmental disorders and their subtypes...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049077/persistence-and-adherence-to-psychostimulants-and-psychological-well-being-up-to-3-years-after-specialized-treatment-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-naturalistic-follow-up-study
#13
Denise Bijlenga, Semahat Kulcu, Trevor van Gellecum, Zeynep Eryigit, J J Sandra Kooij
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the long-term persistence and adherence of psychostimulant use in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its relationship to their psychological well-being. METHODS: The persistence and adherence to psychostimulants and psychological well-being were examined in adults with ADHD in a naturalistic follow-up, starting directly after discharge from their specialized treatment of ADHD at an outpatient ADHD clinic...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029676/childhood-adhd-and-negative-self-statements-important-differences-associated-with-subtype-and-anxiety-symptoms
#14
Peter J Castagna, Matthew Calamia, Thompson E Davis
The current study examined the role negative self-statements have on the comorbidity between anxious symptomatology and ADHD-combined presentation (ADHD-C) and ADHD-predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I). A total of 114 children and adolescents with ADHD (M age = 10.15; SD = 2.30; range = 7-16) from a clinic-referred sample were grouped based on a semistructured diagnostic interview and consensus approach (ADHD-C, n = 62; ADHD-I, n = 52). Negative self-statements were measured using the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale and the total score from the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children was used to measure anxious symptomatology...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990258/baseline-connectome-modular-abnormalities-in-the-childhood-phase-of-a-longitudinal-study-on-individuals-with-chromosome-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#15
Liang Zhan, Lisanne M Jenkins, Aifeng Zhang, Giorgio Conte, Angus Forbes, Danielle Harvey, Kathleen Angkustsiri, Naomi J Goodrich-Hunsaker, Courtney Durdle, Aaron Lee, Cyndi Schumann, Owen Carmichael, Kristopher Kalish, Alex D Leow, Tony J Simon
Occurring in at least 1 in 3,000 live births, chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) produces a complex phenotype that includes a constellation of medical complications such as congenital cardiac defects, immune deficiency, velopharyngeal dysfunction, and characteristic facial dysmorphic features. There is also an increased incidence of psychiatric diagnosis, especially intellectual disability and ADHD in childhood, lifelong anxiety, and a strikingly high rate of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, which occur in around 30% of adults with 22q11DS...
October 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983772/the-impact-of-comorbid-mental-health-symptoms-and-sex-on-sleep-functioning-in-children-with-adhd
#16
Stephen P Becker, Caroline N Cusick, Craig A Sidol, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display more sleep problems than their peers, but it remains unclear whether comorbid mental health symptoms [i.e., anxiety, depression, oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD)] are uniquely related to sleep functioning. It is also largely unknown whether boys and girls with ADHD differ in their sleep functioning. This study (1) examined whether boys or girls with ADHD differ in their sleep functioning, (2) evaluated comorbid symptoms as uniquely related to sleep functioning domains, and (3) explored whether sex moderated associations between comorbid symptoms and sleep...
October 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979226/adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-report-high-symptom-levels-of-troubled-sleep-restless-legs-and-cataplexy
#17
Bjørn Bjorvatn, Erlend J Brevik, Astri J Lundervold, Anne Halmøy, Maj-Britt Posserud, Johanne T Instanes, Jan Haavik
Objective: To compare the occurrence of a spectrum of different self-reported sleep problems in adults with ADHD and a control group, and to study the impact of current ADHD medication use and clinical ADHD subtype. Method: Cross-sectional study of 268 clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients (DSM-IV criteria) and 202 randomly selected controls. Sleep problems were self-reported using validated questions, partly from Global Sleep Assessment Questionnaire. Results: ADHD patients reported more sleep problems than controls: Lifetime occurrence of sleep problems (82...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957778/diagnosing-adhd-during-active-substance-use-feasible-or-flawed
#18
Katelijne van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, Ellen Vedel, Floor J Kramer, Maarten W Koeter, Robert A Schoevers, Wim van den Brink
BACKGROUND: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent in patients with a substance use disorder (SUD). Because of possible problems with validity, diagnostic assessment of ADHD is usually postponed until after a period of abstinence, which may jeopardize adequate and timely treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate how a diagnostic assessment of ADHD in patients who are actively using substances compares to the results of a second assessment after a period of full or partial abstinence...
August 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937938/anxiety-and-depression-among-college-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-cross-informant-sex-and-subtype-differences
#19
Jason M Nelson, Spencer W Liebel
OBJECTIVE: This study examined symptoms of anxiety and depression among college students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected between March 2011 and March 2016 from 150 college students with ADHD and 150 college students without ADHD. METHOD: Participants with ADHD were compared to a sex- and ethnicity-matched control group. For the ADHD group, parent and self-report of anxiety and depression were also compared...
September 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925800/investigation-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-sub-types-in-children-via-eeg-frequency-domain-analysis
#20
Ramazan Aldemir, Esra Demirci, Huseyin Per, Mehmet Canpolat, Sevgi Özmen, Mahmut Tokmakçı
This study aims to investigate the frequency domain effects and changes in Electroencephalographic (EEG) signals in children aged 7-12 years old who were diagnosed with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and which labelled subtypes of ADHD.The study's sample consisted of 20 healthy children and 20 ADHD children as control group. Of the 20 participants who were diagnosed with ADHD, 10 were classified as ADHD-I (inattentive subtype ADHD) and the other 10 were classified as ADHD-C (combined subtype ADHD)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
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