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Stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, thrombolysis, thrombectomy, clinical trials

François Zhu, Bertrand Lapergue, Maéva Kyheng, Raphael Blanc, Julien Labreuche, Malek Ben Machaa, Alain Duhamel, Gautier Marnat, Suzana Saleme, Vincent Costalat, Serge Bracard, Sébastien Richard, Hubert Desal, Mikael Mazighi, Arturo Consoli, Michel Piotin, Benjamin Gory
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clot burden score (CBS) at admission reliably evaluates the thrombus burden in acute ischemic stroke patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion. Mechanical thrombectomy has been diversified, especially with contact aspiration technique, and its efficiency with respect to the thrombus burden is not known. We compared reperfusion, adverse events, neurological recovery, and 90-day functional outcome of stent retriever use versus contact aspiration according to the admission CBS...
June 7, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Asim Rizvi, Seyed Mohammad Seyedsaadat, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Waleed Brinjikji, Sean T Fitzgerald, Ramanathan Kadirvel, Alejandro A Rabinstein, David F Kallmes
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, 'successful' endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) had been defined as achieving revascularization of thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (TICI)-2B or greater, rather than as 'complete' (TICI-3) versus 'incomplete' (TICI-2B) revascularization. PURPOSE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing clinical outcomes between patients with TICI-2B and TICI-3 revascularization. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched for relevant publications between January 2003 and March 2018...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Sebastian Bellwald, Ralph Weber, Tomas Dobrocky, Hannes Nordmeyer, Simon Jung, Jeffrie Hadisurya, Pasquale Mordasini, Marie-Luise Mono, Christian P Stracke, Hakan Sarikaya, Corrado Bernasconi, Klaus Berger, Marcel Arnold, René Chapot, Jan Gralla, Urs Fischer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Randomized controlled trials have shown that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) plus best medical treatment improves outcome in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation. Whether direct MT is equally effective as bridging thrombolysis (intravenous thrombolysis plus MT) in intravenous thrombolysis eligible patients remains unclear. METHODS: We compared clinical and radiological outcomes at 3 months in 249 bridging patients with 111 patients receiving direct MT for large-vessel occlusion anterior circulation stroke from 2 prospective registries (study period Essen: June 2012 to August 2013, Bern February 2009 to August 2014)...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Bruce Cv Campbell, Peter J Mitchell, Leonid Churilov, Nawaf Yassi, Timothy J Kleinig, Bernard Yan, Richard J Dowling, Steven J Bush, Helen M Dewey, Vincent Thijs, Marion Simpson, Mark Brooks, Hamed Asadi, Teddy Y Wu, Darshan G Shah, Tissa Wijeratne, Timothy Ang, Ferdinand Miteff, Christopher Levi, Martin Krause, Timothy J Harrington, Kenneth C Faulder, Brendan S Steinfort, Peter Bailey, Henry Rice, Laetitia de Villiers, Rebecca Scroop, Wayne Collecutt, Andrew A Wong, Alan Coulthard, P A Barber, Ben McGuinness, Deborah Field, Henry Ma, Winston Chong, Ronil V Chandra, Christopher F Bladin, Helen Brown, Kendal Redmond, David Leggett, Geoffrey Cloud, Anoop Madan, Neil Mahant, Bill O'Brien, John Worthington, Geoffrey Parker, Patricia M Desmond, Mark W Parsons, Geoffrey A Donnan, Stephen M Davis
Background and hypothesis Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase remains standard care prior to thrombectomy for eligible patients within 4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset. However, alteplase only succeeds in reperfusing large vessel arterial occlusion prior to thrombectomy in a minority of patients. We hypothesized that tenecteplase is non-inferior to alteplase in achieving reperfusion at initial angiogram, when administered within 4.5 h of ischemic stroke onset, in patients planned to undergo endovascular therapy...
April 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Stefano Forlivesi, Paolo Bovi, Manuel Cappellari
Data from randomized clinical trials and current guidelines suggest that patients with anterior circulation occlusion with contraindications to intravenous thrombolysis may benefit from direct mechanical thrombectomy. Nevertheless, no data are available on the efficacy and safety of direct mechanical thrombectomy in patients with concomitant spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. We report the case of a 51-year-old woman with a spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in the right parietal and occipital lobes, who experienced, 7 days later, an occlusion of the proximal left middle cerebral artery...
August 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Rotem Sivan-Hoffmann, Benjamin Gory, Muriel Rabilloud, Dorin N Gherasim, Xavier Armoiry, Roberto Riva, Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Udi Gonike-Sadeh, Islam Eldesouky, Francis Turjman
Mechanical thrombectomy with stent retrievers is now the reference therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the anterior circulation in association with thrombolysis. We conducted an extensive systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical and angiographic outcomes of stent-retriever thrombectomy in patients with acute anterior circulation stroke. Available literature published to date on observational studies and three randomized trials (MR CLEAN, ESCAPE, and EXTEND-IA) involving the stent-retriever device were reviewed...
September 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Jana Dluha, Stefan Sivak, Egon Kurca, Robert Dusenka, Klaudia Kalmarova, Monika Turcanova Koprusakova, Ema Kantorova, Vladimir Nosal
AIMS: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of heparin and nadroparin in order to provide an additional therapeutic option for patients with acute ischemic stroke in, whom systemic thrombolysis was excluded, or thrombectomy could not be performed. METHODS: We describe a prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study in acute ischemic stroke. The therapeutic window was between 4.5 and 24 h after the onset of stroke. During the first 24 h of treatment, the patients divided into 3 groups received placebo, heparin or nadroparin (in therapeutic doses)...
December 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Diederik W Dippel, Charles B Majoie, Yvo B Roos, Aad van der Lugt, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Wim H van Zwam, Hester F Lingsma, Peter J Koudstaal, Kilian M Treurniet, Lucie A van den Berg, Debbie Beumer, Puck S Fransen, Olvert A Berkhemer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intra-arterial treatment by means of retrievable stents has been proven safe and effective. In MR CLEAN (Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Netherlands), the choice of the type of thrombectomy device was left to the discretion of the interventionist. The aim of this study was to explore the differences in functional outcome, neurological recovery, reperfusion, extent of infarction, and adverse events according to stent type and make...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Anna Lambrinos, Alexis K Schaink, Irfan Dhalla, Timo Krings, Leanne K Casaubon, Nancy Sikich, Cheemun Lum, Aditya Bharatha, Vitor Mendes Pereira, Grant Stotts, Gustavo Saposnik, Linda Kelloway, Xuanqian Xie, Michael D Hill
Although intravenous thrombolysis increases the probability of a good functional outcome in carefully selected patients with acute ischemic stroke, a substantial proportion of patients who receive thrombolysis do not have a good outcome. Several recent trials of mechanical thrombectomy appear to indicate that this treatment may be superior to thrombolysis. We therefore conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of new-generation mechanical thrombectomy devices with intravenous thrombolysis (if eligible) compared with intravenous thrombolysis (if eligible) in patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by a proximal intracranial occlusion...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, current treatment for eligible patients who have an acute ischemic stroke is intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). However, there are some limitations and contraindications to IVT, and outcomes may not be favourable for patients with stroke caused by a proximal intracranial occlusion. An alternative is mechanical thrombectomy with newer devices, and a number of recent studies have suggested that this treatment is more effective for improving functional independence and clinical outcomes...
2016: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
C Kabbasch, M Möhlenbruch, S Stampfl, A Mpotsaris, D Behme, T Liebig
INTRODUCTION: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on endovascular therapy (EVT) of stroke have proven a clinical benefit over conservative treatment or IV-thrombolysis alone. Lesional clot aspiration with a dedicated system can achieve revascularization without an additional retriever (a direct-aspiration first-pass technique, ADAPT), and the SOFIA has been shown to be both safe and efficacious in a multicentric retrospective study. We have evaluated a subset of these data acquired in two major stroke centers with regard to using the SOFIA for first-line lesional aspiration...
June 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Anne Broeg-Morvay, Pasquale Mordasini, Corrado Bernasconi, Monika Bühlmann, Frauke Pult, Marcel Arnold, Gerhard Schroth, Simon Jung, Heinrich P Mattle, Jan Gralla, Urs Fischer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Five randomized controlled trials have consistently shown that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in addition to best medical treatment (±intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator) improves outcome after acute ischemic stroke in patients with large artery anterior circulation stroke. Whether direct MT is equally effective as combined intravenous thrombolysis with MT (ie, bridging thrombolysis) remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively compared clinical and radiological outcomes in 167 bridging patients with 255 patients receiving direct MT because of large artery anterior circulation stroke...
April 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Jae-Hyung Choi, Hyun-Seok Park, Dae-Hyun Kim, Jae-Kwan Cha, Jae-Taeck Huh, Myongjin Kang
BACKGROUND: Higher reperfusion rates have been established with endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke patients. There are limited data on the comparative performance of mechanical thrombectomy devices. This study aimed to analyse the efficacy and safety of the stent retriever device (Solitaire stent) by comparing procedure time, angiographic outcome, complication rate and long term clinical outcome with previous chemical thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy using penumbra system...
May 2015: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Hans-Christoph Diener, Christian Foerch, Hanno Riess, Joachim Röther, Gerhard Schroth, Ralph Weber
Systemic thrombolysis with alteplase is the only approved medical treatment for patients with acute ischaemic stroke. Thrombectomy is also increasingly used to treat proximal occlusions of the cerebral arteries, but has not shown superiority over systemic thrombolysis with alteplase. Many patients with acute ischaemic stroke are pretreated with antiplatelet or anticoagulant drugs, which can increase the bleeding risk of thrombolysis or thrombectomy. Pretreatment with aspirin monotherapy increases the bleeding risk of alteplase in both observational and randomised trials with no effect on clinical outcome, and the risk of intracerebral haemorrhage is increased with the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel...
July 2013: Lancet Neurology
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