keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1404

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025693/characterizing-active-ingredients-of-ehealth-interventions-targeting-persons-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-behavior-change-techniques-taxonomy-scoping-review
#1
Mihiretu M Kebede, Tatjana P Liedtke, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The behavior change technique taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1; Michie and colleagues, 2013) is a comprehensive tool to characterize active ingredients of interventions and includes 93 labels that are hierarchically clustered into 16 hierarchical clusters. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredients in electronic health (eHealth) interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and relevant outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962828/quality-of-musculoskeletal-trials-methodological-quality-and-statistical-reporting-of-physical-therapy-randomized-controlled-trials-relevant-to-musculoskeletal-conditions
#2
Gabrielle Zoldan Gonzalez, Anne M Moseley, Christopher G Maher, Dafne Port Nascimento, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the methodological quality and statistical reporting of reports of trials indexed on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) classified in the musculoskeletal subdiscipline, and to analyse the characteristics of the trials that can predict trial report quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on a collection of randomised controlled. We randomly selected 19% of trial reports coded as "musculoskeletal" from the PEDro database. Methodological quality was assessed using the PEDro scale...
September 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918351/susceptibility-profiles-of-bacteria-causing-urinary-tract-infection-in-southern-tunisia
#3
Sonda Guermazi-Toumi, Sirine Boujlel, Mouna Assoudi, Riadh Issaoui, Sonia Tlili, Mohamed Ennaceur Hlaiem
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile and the antibiotic resistance of bacteria responsible for urinary infections diagnosed in the department of microbiology of the regional hospital Houcine Bouzaiene (Gafsa) in the south west of Tunisia. METHODS: All the cytobacteriological urine samples analyzed from 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2016 were included in the study. The adopted criteria to define urinary infection were: leukocyturia >10(4)/ml and bacteriuria >10(5)CFU/ml...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892750/neuropathology-and-brain-weight-in-traumatic-crush-asphyxia
#4
Safa Al-Sarraj, Ross Laxton, Ben Swift, Alexander J Kolar, Rob C Chapman, Ashley W Fegan-Earl, Nat R B Cary
Traumatic (crush) asphyxia is a rare condition caused by severe compression of the chest and trunk leading to often extreme so-called asphyxial signs, including cyanosis in head and neck regions, multiple petechiae, and subconjunctival haemorrhage as well as neurological manifestations. AIMS: To investigate the neuropathology and brain weight in traumatic asphyxia caused by different accidents such as industrial accidents and road traffic collision. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Post mortem records of 20 cases of traumatic asphyxia (TA) resulting from different causes of which four brains are available for comprehensive neuropathological examination...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864607/glu-ureido-based-inhibitors-of-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-lessons-learned-during-the-development-of-a-novel-class-of-low-molecular-weight-theranostic-radiotracers
#5
REVIEW
Klaus Kopka, Martina Benešová, Cyril Bařinka, Uwe Haberkorn, John Babich
In recent years, several radioligands targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) have been clinically introduced as a new class of theranostic radiopharmaceuticals for the treatment of prostate cancer (PC). In the second decade of the 21(st) century, a new era in nuclear medicine was initiated by the clinical introduction of small-molecule PSMA inhibitor radioligands, 40 y after the clinical introduction of (18)F-FDG. Because of the high incidence and mortality of PC, the new PSMA radioligands have already had a remarkable impact on the clinical management of PC...
September 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855698/transcriptomics-analysis-of-salt-stress-tolerance-in-the-roots-of-the-mangrove-avicennia-officinalis
#6
Pannaga Krishnamurthy, Bijayalaxmi Mohanty, Edward Wijaya, Dong-Yup Lee, Tit-Meng Lim, Qingsong Lin, Jian Xu, Chiang-Shiong Loh, Prakash P Kumar
Salinity affects growth and development of plants, but mangroves exhibit exceptional salt tolerance. With direct exposure to salinity, mangrove roots possess specific adaptations to tolerate salt stress. Therefore, studying the early effects of salt on mangrove roots can help us better understand the tolerance mechanisms. Using two-month-old greenhouse-grown seedlings of the mangrove tree Avicennia officinalis subjected to NaCl treatment, we profiled gene expression changes in the roots by RNA-sequencing. Of the 6547 genes that were differentially regulated in response to salt treatment, 1404 and 5213 genes were significantly up- and down-regulated, respectively...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819835/efficacy-and-safety-of-linagliptin-in-2681-asian-patients-stratified-by-age-obesity-and-renal-function-a-pooled-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Guang Ning, Tushar Bandgar, Uwe Hehnke, Jisoo Lee, Juliana C N Chan
INTRODUCTION: Asian patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are younger, leaner, and more likely to develop renal dysfunction than White populations. In this multiethnic analysis of data from phase 3 trials, we investigated the efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin in Asians stratified by these subphenotypes. METHODS: Data from randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials evaluating linagliptin (as monotherapy, add-on therapy to metformin ± sulfonylurea, combined with pioglitazone or added to insulin) were pooled with efficacy data from 11 randomized trials of at least 24 weeks and safety data from 15 trials of various durations...
August 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765099/individual-prognosis-of-symptom-burden-and-functioning-in-chronic-diseases-a-generic-method-based-on-patient-reported-outcome-pro-measures
#8
Niels Henrik Ingvar Hjollund
BACKGROUND: Information to the patient about the long-term prognosis of symptom burden and functioning is an integrated part of clinical practice, but relies mostly on the clinician's personal experience. Relevant prognostic models based on patient-reported outcome (PRO) data with repeated measurements are rarely available. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to describe a generic method for individual long-term prognosis of symptom burden and functioning that implied few statistical presumptions, to evaluate an implementation for prognosis of depressive symptoms in stroke patients and to provide open access to a Web-based prototype of this implementation for individual use...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731893/validity-of-administrative-data-in-identifying-cancer-related-events-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-population-based-study-using-the-impact-cohort
#9
Sumit Gupta, Paul C Nathan, Nancy N Baxter, Cindy Lau, Corinne Daly, Jason D Pole
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of estimating population level cancer outcomes, most registries do not collect critical events such as relapse. Attempts to use health administrative data to identify these events have focused on older adults and have been mostly unsuccessful. We developed and tested administrative data-based algorithms in a population-based cohort of adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: We identified all Ontario adolescents and young adults 15-21 years old diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, sarcoma, or testicular cancer between 1992-2012...
July 20, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721079/burden-of-air-leak-complications-in-thoracic-surgery-estimated-using-a-national-hospital-billing-database
#10
Andrew Yoo, Sudip K Ghosh, Walter Danker, Edmund Kassis, Iftekhar Kalsekar
BACKGROUND: One of the most common outcomes of lung resections are parenchymal air leaks. These air leaks are most often self-limited and spontaneously resolve several days after surgery. Historically, only prolonged air leaks have been considered to have a significant effect on patient outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the impact of any air leak complications (aALCs) on resource utilization and mortality. METHODS: The Premier Perspective(®) database was used to identify all elective primary lobectomy, segmentectomy, and wedge resections performed from 2012 to 2014; aALC was defined as a composite of air leak and pneumothorax...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712958/enhancing-oxidative-stress-resistance-in-bifidobacterium-thermophilum-using-a-novel-overexpression-vector-and-transformation-protocol
#11
Marc J A Stevens, Adriano Venturini, Christophe Lacroix, Leo Meile
Bifidobacterium thermophilum is encountered in the GI-tract of pigs and infants. Here we provide a transformation protocol for B. thermophilum and a novel expression vector for this species. The protocol resulted in transformation rates of 1×10(3) transformed cells per μg DNA. Transformation was shown to be dependent on the presence of fructo-oligosaccharides during growth, polyethylene glycol in the electroporation buffer, and on methylation of the vector. The Escherichia coli - B. thermophilum shuttle vector pLFB1012 for heterologous gene expression was constructed harbouring the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter from Bifidobacterium longum (Pgap)...
July 14, 2017: Plasmid
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711463/modulation-of-atlantic-salmon-mirnome-response-to-sea-louse-infestation
#12
REVIEW
Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Beatriz Novoa, Antonio Figueras, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate
MicroRNAs are non-coding RNA that plays a crucial role in post-transcriptional regulation and immune system regulation. On other hand, sea lice are prevalent parasites that affect salmon farming, generating different degrees of immune suppression depending on the salmon and sea louse species. Caligus rogercresseyi for example, which affects the salmon industry in Chile, decreases Th1 response, macrophage activation, TLR-mediated response and iron regulation in infected fish. In this study, we explore Atlantic salmon miRNome during infestation by C...
July 12, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693303/a-new-recombined-prrsv-virulent-strain-in-china
#13
Jian-Guo Dong, Lin-Yang Yu, Pei-Pei Wang, Le-Yi Zhang, Yan-Ling Liu, Peng-Shuai Liang, Chang-Xu Song
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is one of the most important swine diseases worldwide. In the present study, a new virulent strain of PRRS virus(PRRSV) GDsg was isolated in Guangdong province of China, which caused high fever, high morbidity and high mortality for sow and piglets. The genome of this new strain is 15,413 nucleotides(nt) in length and comparative analysis revealed that GDsg shared 82.4% to 94% identity with type 2 PRRSV strains, but only 61.5% with type 1 PRRSV strain-Lelystad Virus, Phylogenetic analysis indicated that type 2 PRRSV isolates formed five subgenotypes (I, II, III, IV, V), which was represented by NADC30, VR-2332, GM2, CH-1a and HuN4, respectively...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682859/multidisciplinary-interventions-and-continuous-quality-improvement-to-reduce-unplanned-extubation-in-adult-intensive-care-units-a-15-year-experience
#14
Chien-Ming Chao, Chih-Cheng Lai, Khee-Siang Chan, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Chung-Han Ho, Chin-Ming Chen, Willy Chou
We conduct a retrospective study of patients with unplanned extubation (UE) in adult intensive care units (ICU) at a medical center. In 2001, a multidisciplinary team of intensivists, senior residents, nurses, and respiratory therapists was established at Chi Mei Medical Center. The improvement interventions, implemented between 2001 and 2015, were organized around 8 key areas: standardizing procedures, improving communication skills, revising sedation and weaning protocols, changing strategies for restraints, establishing a task force for identifying and managing high-risk patients, using new quality-improvement models as breakthrough series and team resource management, using the strategy of accountability without assigning blame, and changing a new method to secure endotracheal tube...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632688/high-quality-3-dimensional-1h-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-imaging-of-the-prostate-without-endorectal-receive-coil-using-a-semi-laser-sequence
#15
Nassim Tayari, Isabell K Steinseifer, Kirsten M Selnæs, Tone F Bathen, Marnix C Maas, Arend Heerschap
OBJECTIVES: Inclusion of 3-dimensional H magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (3D-H-MRSI) in routine multiparametric MRI of the prostate requires good quality spectra and easy interpretable metabolite maps of the whole organ obtained without endorectal coil in clinically feasible acquisition times. We evaluated if a semi-LASER pulse sequence with gradient offset independent adiabaticity refocusing pulses (GOIA-sLASER) for volume selection can meet these requirements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with suspicion of prostate cancer and 1 patient known to have prostate cancer were examined at 3 T with a multichannel body-receive coil...
June 19, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522645/real-life-gh-dosing-patterns-in-children-with-ghd-ts-or-born-sga-a-report-from-the-nordinet%C3%A2-international-outcome-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Oliver Blankenstein, Marta Snajderova, Jo Blair, Effie Pournara, Birgitte Tønnes Pedersen, Isabelle Oliver Petit
OBJECTIVE: To describe real-life dosing patterns in children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD), born small for gestational age (SGA) or with Turner syndrome (TS) receiving growth hormone (GH) and enrolled in the NordiNet International Outcome Study (IOS; Nbib960128) between 2006 and 2016. DESIGN: This non-interventional, multicentre study included paediatric patients diagnosed with GHD (isolated (IGHD) or multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD)), born SGA or with TS and treated according to everyday clinical practice from the Czech Republic (IGHD/MPHD/SGA/TS: n = 425/61/316/119), France (n = 1404/188/970/206), Germany (n = 2603/351/1387/411) and the UK (n = 259/60/87/35)...
August 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518220/postdonation-iron-replacement-for-maintaining-iron-stores-in-female-whole-blood-donors-in-routine-donor-practice-results-of-two-feasibility-studies-in-australia
#17
Sant-Rayn Pasricha, Denese C Marks, Hannah Salvin, Tania Brama, Anthony J Keller, Joanne Pink, Joanna Speedy
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency represents a risk to donor health and the blood supply. Efficacy trials indicate that postdonation iron replacement improves iron stores but they do not account for complexities of implementation in the routine collection context. We therefore conducted two prospective feasibility studies in Australian donor centers. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In both studies we recruited female donors between 18 and 45 years who had made at least one donation in the previous 12 months...
August 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498220/patient-presentations-and-medical-logistics-at-full-and-half-ironman-distance-triathlons
#18
Sheila A Turris, Adam Lund, Ron R Bowles, Michael Camporese, Tom Green
We describe logistical challenges, illness/injury rates, as well as medical and ambulance transfer rates (ATR) at an annual large-scale half/full triathlon in a remote location. Prospective observational study; registry data. Data on patient presentation rates, percentage of patients transferred by ambulance, transfer to hospital rates (TTHR), ATR, and medical usage rates were collected and analyzed. In total, 1923 athletes participated in the 2016 triathlon (1404 in the full-length race and 519 in the half) and 181 patient encounters were documented...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455178/the-patient-experience-an-analysis-of-orthopedic-surgeon-quality-on-physician-rating-sites
#19
REVIEW
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Morad Chughtai, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: With the advent of the Consensus Core of Orthopedic Measures, arthroplasty surgeons are increasingly subjected to public performance reviews on physician-rating sites. Therefore, we evaluated (1) web site details of physician-rating sites, (2) differences between sites and the Consensus Core, (3) published patient experiences, (4) search rank among sites, and (5) differences between academic vs nonacademic and arthroplasty vs nonarthroplasty surgeons. METHODS: The 5 busiest physician-rating sites were analyzed...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428159/development-of-a-culturally-tailored-text-message-maternal-health-program-textmatch
#20
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Hannah Bartley, Augusta Connor, Ruyan Chen, Mairead Ross, Judith McCool
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are increasingly being used to deliver health information and health services globally. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions may be well-suited for minority groups with greater barriers to accessing traditional health services. However, little has been written about the process of culturally adapting interventions for multiple ethnic and cultural minorities within a population. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the process of developing a culturally tailored text message-based maternal health program (TextMATCH: Text for MATernal and Child Health) for Māori, Pacific, Asian, and South Asian families living in New Zealand...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
keyword
keyword
76169
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"