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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088341/evaluation-of-an-in-house-indirect-elisa-for-detection-of-antibody-against-haemorrhagic-septicemia-in-asian-elephants
#1
Pallop Tankaew, Thawatchai Singh-La, Chatchote Titaram, Veerasak Punyapornwittaya, Preeyanat Vongchan, Takuo Sawada, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Pasteurella multocida causes haemorrhagic septicemia in livestock and wild animals, including elephants. The disease has been reported in Asian elephants in India and Sri Lanka, but to date there have been no reported cases in Thailand. ELISA or indirect hemagglutination assays (IHA) have been demonstrated to be able to detect the antibody against the disease in cattle, but no data are available for elephants. The present study reports a novel in-house indirect ELISA for antibody detection of haemorrhagic septicemia in Asian elephants, and evaluates the sensitivity and specificity of the method using a Bayesian approach...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052186/axillary-treatment-for-operable-primary-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Nathan Bromham, Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Margaret Astin, Elise Hasler, Malcolm W Reed
BACKGROUND: Axillary surgery is an established part of the management of primary breast cancer. It provides staging information to guide adjuvant therapy and potentially local control of axillary disease. Several alternative approaches to axillary surgery are available, most of which aim to spare a proportion of women the morbidity of complete axillary dissection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of alternative approaches to axillary surgery (including omitting such surgery altogether) in terms of overall survival; local, regional and distant recurrences; and adverse events...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031538/variants-in-microrna-genes-in-familial-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Jerneja Tomsic, Rebecca Fultz, Sandya Liyanarachchi, Luke K Genutis, Yanqiang Wang, Wei Li, Stefano Volinia, Krystian Jazdzewski, Huiling He, Paul E Wakely, Leigha Senter, Albert de la Chapelle
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma (PTC) displays one of the highest familiality scores of all cancers as measured by case-control studies, yet only a handful of genes have been implicated until now. Variants in microRNAs have been associated with the risk of several cancers including PTC but the magnitude of this involvement is unclear. This study was designed to test to what extent genomic variants in microRNAs contribute to PTC risk. We used SOLiD technology to sequence 321 genomic regions encoding 427 miRNAs in one affected individual from each of 80 PTC families...
December 23, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005558/residual-thromboxane-activity-and-oxidative-stress-influence-on-mortality-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#4
Anupama Vasudevan, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Kristen M Tecson, Mohanakrishnan Sathyamoorthy, Jeffrey M Schussler, Carlos E Velasco, Luis R Lopez, Caren Swift, Margarita Peterson, Jeanna Bennett-Firmin, Raphael Schiffmann, Peter A McCullough
BACKGROUND: Aspirin use is effective in the prevention of cardiovascular disease; however, not all patients are equally responsive to aspirin. Oxidative stress reflected by F2-isoprostane [8-iso-prostaglandin-F2α (8-IsoPGF2α)] is a potential mechanism of failure of aspirin to adequately inhibit cyclooxygenase-1. The objective was to examine the relation between all-cause mortality and the concentrations of urinary 11-dehydro thromboxane B2 (11dhTxB2) and 8-IsoPGF2α in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD)...
December 21, 2016: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000444/diagnosis-and-classification-of-17-diseases-from-1404-subjects-via-pattern-analysis-of-exhaled-molecules
#5
Morad K Nakhleh, Haitham Amal, Raneen Jeries, Yoav Y Broza, Manal Aboud, Alaa Gharra, Hodaya Ivgi, Salam Khatib, Shifaa Badarneh, Lior Har-Shai, Lea Glass-Marmor, Izabella Lejbkowicz, Ariel Miller, Samih Badarny, Raz Winer, John Finberg, Sylvia Cohen-Kaminsky, Frédéric Perros, David Montani, Barbara Girerd, Gilles Garcia, Gérald Simonneau, Farid Nakhoul, Shira Baram, Raed Salim, Marwan Hakim, Maayan Gruber, Ohad Ronen, Tal Marshak, Ilana Doweck, Ofer Nativ, Zaher Bahouth, Da-You Shi, Wei Zhang, Qing-Ling Hua, Yue-Yin Pan, Li Tao, Hu Liu, Amir Karban, Eduard Koifman, Tova Rainis, Roberts Skapars, Armands Sivins, Guntis Ancans, Inta Liepniece-Karele, Ilze Kikuste, Ieva Lasina, Ivars Tolmanis, Douglas Johnson, Stuart Z Millstone, Jennifer Fulton, John W Wells, Larry H Wilf, Marc Humbert, Marcis Leja, Nir Peled, Hossam Haick
We report on an artificially intelligent nanoarray based on molecularly modified gold nanoparticles and a random network of single-walled carbon nanotubes for noninvasive diagnosis and classification of a number of diseases from exhaled breath. The performance of this artificially intelligent nanoarray was clinically assessed on breath samples collected from 1404 subjects having one of 17 different disease conditions included in the study or having no evidence of any disease (healthy controls). Blind experiments showed that 86% accuracy could be achieved with the artificially intelligent nanoarray, allowing both detection and discrimination between the different disease conditions examined...
December 21, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982068/the-management-and-prognostic-prediction-of-adenocarcinoma-of-appendix
#6
Xin Xie, Zhangjian Zhou, Yongchun Song, Wenhan Li, Dongmei Diao, Chengxue Dang, Hao Zhang
Malignant tumours of the appendix are quite rare, especially appendiceal adenocarcinomas, which may be difficult to detect preoperatively or intraoperatively. We collected data for 1404 patients with adenocarcinoma of the appendix from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database to explore the potential associations between clinicopathological factors and overall survival. Furthermore, a novel nomogram for predicting prognosis was developed based on our analysis of the SEER data...
December 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941764/gvhd-after-umbilical-cord-blood-transplantation-for-acute-leukemia-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-and-effect-on-outcomes
#7
Y-B Chen, T Wang, M T Hemmer, C Brady, D R Couriel, A Alousi, J Pidala, A Urbano-Ispizua, S W Choi, T Nishihori, T Teshima, Y Inamoto, B Wirk, D I Marks, H Abdel-Azim, L Lehmann, L Yu, M Bitan, M S Cairo, M Qayed, R Salit, R P Gale, R Martino, S Jaglowski, A Bajel, B Savani, H Frangoul, I D Lewis, J Storek, M Askar, M A Kharfan-Dabaja, M Aljurf, O Ringden, R Reshef, R F Olsson, S Hashmi, S Seo, T R Spitzer, M L MacMillan, A Lazaryan, S R Spellman, M Arora, C S Cutler
Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) registry, we analyzed 1404 umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) patients (single (<18 years)=810, double (⩾18 years)=594) with acute leukemia to define the incidence of acute GvHD (aGvHD) and chronic GvHD (cGvHD), analyze clinical risk factors and investigate outcomes. After single UCBT, 100-day incidence of grade II-IV aGvHD was 39% (95% confidence interval (CI), 36-43%), grade III-IV aGvHD was 18% (95% CI, 15-20%) and 1-year cGvHD was 27% (95% CI, 24-30%)...
December 12, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939121/the-anastomoses-of-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-in-the-larynx-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Brandon Michael Henry, Przemysław A Pękala, Beatrice Sanna, Jens Vikse, Silvia Sanna, Karolina Saganiak, Iwona M Tomaszewska, R Shane Tubbs, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVES: The recurrent laryngeal nerve and its branches form a great variety of anastomoses. These nerve communications can alter the innervation patterns of the laryngeal muscles and can affect both the diagnosis and treatment of paralyzed vocal cords. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and anatomical characteristics of the laryngeal nerve connections, and to review their function and clinical significance. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931045/breast-cancer-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-overrepresentation-of-unfavourable-prognostic-factors
#9
Elina Uusitalo, Roope A Kallionpää, Samu Kurki, Matti Rantanen, Janne Pitkäniemi, Pauliina Kronqvist, Pirkko Härkönen, Riikka Huovinen, Olli Carpen, Minna Pöyhönen, Sirkku Peltonen, Juha Peltonen
BACKGROUND: An increased breast cancer incidence and poor survival have been reported for women with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1). To explain the poor survival, we aimed to link the histopathology and clinical characteristics of NF1-associated breast cancers. METHODS: The Finnish Cancer Registry and the Finnish NF Registry were cross-referenced to identify the NF1 patients with breast cancer. Archival NF1 breast cancer specimens were retrieved for histopathological typing and compared with matched controls...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930440/association-of-night-time-home-blood-pressure-with-night-time-ambulatory-blood-pressure-and-target-organ-damage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Anastasios Kollias, Angeliki Ntineri, George S Stergiou
OBJECTIVE: Night-time ambulatory blood pressure (nABP) is the most important aspect of the blood pressure profile in terms of prognosis. Novel low-cost home monitors allow automated night-time blood pressure monitoring (nHBP). This study reviewed the evidence on the association of nHBP with nABP and preclinical organ damage. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. RESULTS: Analysis of six studies (n = 1404) showed pooled difference between nHBP and nABP (SBP/DBP) at 1...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851040/1404-incidence-timing-and-outcomes-of-icu-transfer-in-patients-admitted-for-infection
#11
Alan Heffner, Colleen Karvetski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792642/cardiac-vulnerability-to-cerebrogenic-stress-as-a-possible-cause-of-troponin-elevation-in-stroke
#12
Sung-Ho Ahn, Young-Hak Kim, Chol-Ho Shin, Ji-Sung Lee, Bum-Joon Kim, Yeon-Jung Kim, Sang-Mi Noh, Seung-Min Kim, Hyun-Goo Kang, Dong-Wha Kang, Jong S Kim, Sun U Kwon
BACKGROUND: Troponin elevation with electrocardiography changes is not uncommon in patients with acute ischemic stroke; however, it is still unclear whether the mechanism of these changes is due to cardiac problems or neurally mediated myocytic damage. Thus, we investigated cardiac and neurological predictors of troponin elevation in those patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed medical data of the prospectively registered ischemic stroke patients on stroke registry who were admitted and underwent a serum cardiac troponin I and 12-lead electrocardiography within 24 hours of symptom onset...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786143/age-related-variability-in-the-presentation-of-symptoms-of-major-depressive-disorder
#13
R Schaakxs, H C Comijs, F Lamers, A T F Beekman, B W J H Penninx
BACKGROUND: The heterogeneous aetiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) might affect the presentation of depressive symptoms across the lifespan. We examined to what extent a range of mood, cognitive, and somatic/vegetative depressive symptoms were differentially present depending on patient's age. METHOD: Data came from 1404 participants with current MDD (aged 18-88 years) from two cohort studies: the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) and the Netherlands Study of Depression in Older Persons (NESDO)...
October 27, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785901/annual-report-of-the-women-s-health-care-committee-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-2016
#14
Kiyoshi Takamatsu, Jo Kitawaki
In order to improve women's quality of life, over the year leading up to June 2016, the Women's Health Care Committee of the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology focused upon: (i) breast management; (ii) influence of a therapy for gynecologic disease on physical condition; (iii) nonsurgical management of pelvic organ prolapse; (iv) survey of infectious diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology in Japan; (v) health care for female athletes; (vi) a training program for women's health-care advisers; and (vii) revising the Japanese guideline on hormone-replacement therapy...
November 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775936/first-experience-with-spect-ct-using-a-99mtc-labeled-inhibitor-for-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-in-patients-with-biochemical-recurrence-of-prostate-cancer
#15
Julia Reinfelder, Torsten Kuwert, Michael Beck, James C Sanders, Philipp Ritt, Christian Schmidkonz, Peter Hennig, Olaf Prante, Michael Uder, Bernd Wullich, Peter Goebell
AIM: Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is overexpressed in most prostate cancers (PCs). Here, we report our first experience using the Tc-labeled PSMA inhibitor MIP-1404 (Progenics Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Tarrytown, NY) in 60 patients with biochemically recurrent PC. METHODS: Whole-body planar scintigraphy and SPECT/CT of the lower abdominal pelvic region of 60 patients with biochemical relapse of PC were analyzed retrospectively. In these subjects, an average dose of 733...
January 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770378/predictors-of-suboptimal-bowel-preparation-using-3-l-of-polyethylene-glycol-for-an-outpatient-colonoscopy-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Chi-Liang Cheng, Nai-Jen Liu, Jui-Hsiang Tang, Yen-Lin Kuo, Hsiang-Ling Hung, Yi-Ning Tsui, Bai-Ping Lee, Cheng-Hui Lin
BACKGROUND: A 3-l polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution provided better bowel cleansing quality than a 2-l solution for outpatient colonoscopy. Predictors of suboptimal preparation using a 3-l PEG have not been previously reported. AIMS: To investigate the possible predictors of suboptimal bowel preparation using 3-l of PEG. METHODS: We analyzed a database of 1404 consecutive colonoscopies during a 27-month period at a community hospital. A split-dose PEG regimen was provided for morning colonoscopies, and a same-day PEG regimen was provided for afternoon colonoscopies...
October 21, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750108/drug-treatment-and-adherence-of-subjects-40-years-with-diagnosis-of-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#17
Manuela Casula, Lorenza Scotti, Elena Tragni, Luca Merlino, Giovanni Corrao, Alberico L Catapano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed at describing the therapeutic approach in young adult patients diagnosed with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and their adherence and persistence to treatment. METHODS: From regional administrative databases, individuals aged ≤40 years, who received exemption for HeFH between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2011, and concomitantly started statin treatment, were identified. Within the first year of treatment, we evaluated therapeutic changes, adherence as MPR (medication possession ratio), persistence as continuous drug coverage without gaps ≥60 days, and influencing factors using log binomial models...
October 12, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727518/effect-on-mortality-of-elective-parathyroid-surgery-in-103-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-our-experience
#18
Deborah Sylvester, Rishi Srivastava, Archie Lamplugh, Victoria Allgar, Chris Snowden, Sunil Bhandari, James England
Hyperparathyroidism attributed to chronic renal failure contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. In our 103 parathyroidectomy patients matched to 1404 non-surgical patients, long-term mortality was reduced. This difference could not be attributed to differences in age, sex, time on renal replacement therapy or co-morbidities between the groups. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 11, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719824/notice-of-retraction-mechanical-ventilation-as-a-therapeutic-tool-to-reduce-ards-incidence-chest-2015-148-6-1396-1404
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694178/the-rise-of-psma-ligands-for-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-prostate-cancer
#20
Ali Afshar-Oromieh, John W Babich, Clemens Kratochwil, Frederik L Giesel, Michael Eisenhut, Klaus Kopka, Uwe Haberkorn
The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has received increased consideration during the past few years as an excellent target for both imaging and therapy of prostate cancer. After many years of outstanding preclinical research, the first significant step forward in clinical use was achieved in 2008 with the first human experience with the small-molecule PSMA inhibitors (123)I-MIP-1972 and (123)I-MIP-1095. A clinical breakthrough followed in 2011 with (68)Ga-PSMA-11 for PET imaging and (131)I-MIP-1095 for endoradiotherapy of metastatic prostate cancer...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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