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Christos Gougoulias, Andrew Meade, Liz J Shaw
An unresolved need in microbial ecology is methodology to enable quantitative analysis of in situ microbial substrate carbon use at the population level. Here, we evaluated if a novel combination of radiocarbon- labelled substrate tracing, Fluorescence in situ Hybridisation (FISH) and Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) to sort the FISH-targeted population for quantification of incorporated radioactivity (14 C-FISH-FACS) can address this need. Our test scenario used FISH probe PSE1284 targeting Pseudomonas spp...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Andreas Focks, Francesca Grisoni, Alpar Barsi, Marco Vighi
In the last decades, modelling approaches in the context of environmental risk assessment for chemicals have been under the spotlight of researchers in academia, regulatory bodies and industry. This is because mathematical and simulation models allow to gain deeper mechanistic understanding of fate and effect processes of organic contaminants in the environment. In addition, models make it possible to predict the toxic effects of compounds along with other relevant properties, such as biodegradability, uptake and bioaccumulation...
February 19, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Nuttawut Thuaksuban, Rungrot Pannak, Pleumjit Boonyaphiphat, Naruporn Monmaturapoj
BACKGROUND: Biocompatibility and degradation of poly ε-caprolactone (PCL)-Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) scaffolds fabricated by the "Melt Stretching and Compression Molding (MSCM)" technique were evaluated in rat models. OBJECTIVES: Degradation behaviors and histological biocompatibility of the PCL-20% BCP MSCM scaffolds and compare with those of PCL-20% β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) scaffolds commercially fabricated by Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) were evaluated...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Jian-Tao Liu, Feng Zhang, Zheng-Chao Gao, Bin-Bin Niu, Yu-Huan Li, Xi-Jing He
Artificial vertebral body has achieved good results in treating spinal tumors, tuberculosis, fracture and other diseases. Currently, artificial vertebral body with variety of kinds and pros and cons, is generally divided into two types: fusion type and movable type. The former according to whether the height could be adjusted and strength of self-stability is divided into three types: support-fixed type, adjust-fixed type and self-fixed type. Whether the height of self-fixed type could be adjusted is dependent on structure of collar thread rotation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Farzad Khademi, Mohammad Derakhshan, Arshid Yousefi-Avarvand, Mohsen Tafaghodi
Objectives: Production of effective tuberculosis (TB) vaccine is necessity. However, the development of new subunit vaccines is faced with concerns about their weak immunogenicity. To overcome such problems, polymers-based vaccine delivery systems have been proposed to be used via various routes. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of polymeric particles as future vaccine delivery systems/adjuvants for parenteral and non-parenteral immunization against TB. Materials and Methods: PubMed, Scopus, Science-Direct, and the ISI web of knowledge databases were searched for related keywords...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Hui Zhan, Huishan Wang, Lisheng Liao, Yanmei Feng, Xinghui Fan, Lianhui Zhang, Shaohua Chen
Persistent use of permethrin has resulted in its ubiquitous presence as a contaminant in surface streams and soils, yet little is known about the kinetics and metabolic behaviors of this pesticide. In this study, a novel bacterial strain Acinetobacter baumannii ZH-14 utilizing permethrin via partial hydrolysis pathways was isolated from sewage sludge. Response surface methodology based on Box-Behnken design of cultural conditions was used for optimization resulting in 100% degradation of permethrin (50 mg·L-1 ) within 72 h...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jinjian Huang, Youming Deng, Jianan Ren, Guopu Chen, Gefei Wang, Feng Wang, Xiuwen Wu
Injectable hydrogels have been an attractive topic in biomaterials. However, during gelation in vivo, they are easy to disperse due to tissue exudates, thus leading to failure of controlled drug release. To solve this problem, we present a novel polysaccharide-based injectable hydrogel via self-crosslinking of aldehyde-modified xanthan (Xan-CHO) and carboxymethyl-modified chitosan (NOCC). The physical properties were optimized by adjusting the mass ratio of Xan-CHO and NOCC. Experiments revealed that this material exhibited the characteristics of self-healing, anti-enzymatic hydrolysis, biocompatibility and biodegradability...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Davoud Salarbashi, Mohsen Tafaghodi, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz
In the current study, a set of biodegradable soybean polysaccharide (SSPS) nanocomposites containing different ratios of TiO2 nanoparticles was characterized as new packaging system. X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement showed that the crystalline structure of the TiO2 nanoparticles remained intact in the polysaccharide matrix and the surface of nanocomposites containing 1-3% TiO2 was observed morphologically uniform under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis revealed that the magnitude of storage modulus was 3...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Xiancai Jiang, Nanping Xiang, Hongxiang Zhang, Yujun Sun, Zhen Lin, Linxi Hou
Development of bio-based hydrogels with good mechanical properties and high electrical conductivity is of great importance for their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability. Novel electrically conducive and tough poly(vinyl alcohol)/sodium alginate (PVA/SA) composite hydrogel was obtained by a simple method in this paper. PVA and SA were firstly dissolved in distilled water to form the composite solution and the pure PVA/SA hydrogel was obtained through the freezing/thawing process. The pure PVA/SA hydrogels were subsequently immersed into the saturated NaCl aqueous solution to increase the gel strength and conductivity...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Si Wu, Wenqi Wang, Kun Yan, Fuyuan Ding, Xiaowen Shi, Hongbing Deng, Yumin Du
Polysaccharide films used as intelligent food packaging possess the advantages of renewability, safety and biodegradability. Printing on the polysaccharidic food packaging is challenging due to the high demand for edible-ink and the need for a suitable printing technique. In this work, we propose an electrochemical method for writing on polysaccharide film. Unlike conventional printing, this electrochemical writing process relies on the pH responsive color change of anthocyanin embedded in the chitosan/agarose hydrogel...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
María José Fabra, Marta Martínez-Sanz, L G Gómez-Mascaraque, Rafael Gavara, Amparo López-Rubio
This work provides an in-depth analysis on how the addition of different microalgae species (Nannochloropsis, Spirulina and Scenedesmus) affected the structural and physicochemical properties of thermoplastic corn starch biocomposites. Structural characterization was conducted by combined SAXS/WAXS experiments and it was correlated with mechanical and barrier properties of the biocomposites. A water vapour permeability drop of ca. 54% was observed upon addition of the different microalgae species. The oxygen permeability and the mechanical properties of biocomposites containing Spirulina or Scenedesmus were not improved since the presence of microalgae hindered the re-arrangement and packing of the lamellar structure of starch polymeric chains, according to the SAXS results...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
A Zerrouki, M J Salar-García, V M Ortiz-Martínez, S Guendouz, H Ilikti, A P de Los Ríos, F J Hernández-Fernández, M Kameche
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a promising technology that generates electricity from several biodegradable substrates and wastes. The main drawback of these devices is the need of using a catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction at the cathode, which makes the process relatively expensive. In this work, two low cost materials are tested as catalysts in MFCs. A novel iron complex based on the ligand n-phenyledenparaethoxy aniline has been synthesized and its performance as catalyst in single chamber MFCs containing ionic liquids has been compared with a commercial inorganic material such as Raney nickel...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Technology
Heba A El-Bialy, Ola A A Khalil, Ola M Gomaa
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a common persistent pesticide in soil, its persistence generates toxicity in the environment. PCP degradation by soil indigenous bacteria represents a practical and cost-effective solution. In the present study, bacteria isolated from paddy soil was investigated and the role of electron shuttling in the PCP degradation process was assessed. Two strains demonstrated the highest PCP degradation of 93.5% and 94.88% in the presence of citrate, and were identified using 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis as Pseudomonas chengduensis and Pseudomonas plecoglossicida, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Technology
Ashwini V Padalkar, Rakesh Kumar
This study investigated the occurrence, removal and influence of plant-operating conditions on removal mechanisms of 83 VOCs in different treatment units of a CETP in Mumbai, treating industrial waste on primary and secondary level. A mass balance approach was used to predict VOC removal by volatilization, stripping, weir drop, adsorption, and biodegradation. Results indicate that ∼17% of VOCs were removed by stripping in equalization tank and ∼8% were removed by weir drop in primary clari-flocculator respectively...
February 1, 2018: Chemosphere
Michaela Sedničková, Silvie Pekařová, Pavel Kucharczyk, Ján Bočkaj, Ivica Janigová, Angela Kleinová, Daniela Jochec-Mošková, Leona Omaníková, Dagmar Perďochová, Marek Koutný, Vladimír Sedlařík, Pavol Alexy, Ivan Chodák
Three biodegradable plastics materials, namely pure poly(l-lactide) (PLA), PLA with plasticizer triacetine (TAC) and the mixture PLA/polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and TAC were investigated concerning changes of physical properties due to biodegradation in compost at 58 °C up to 16 days. With rising time of degradation in compost, both number and weight molecular masses were decreasing progressively, but only marginal change of the polydispersity index was observed which indicates that biodegradation is not random process...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Clemens von Birgelen, Marlies M Kok, Naveed Sattar, Paolo Zocca, Cees Doelman, Gert D Kant, Marije M Löwik, Liefke C van der Heijden, Hanim Sen, K Gert van Houwelingen, Martin G Stoel, J Hans W Louwerenburg, Marc Hartmann, Frits H A F de Man, Gerard C M Linssen, Carine J M Doggen, Kenneth Tandjung
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the prevalence and clinical impact of silent diabetes and pre-diabetes in "nondiabetic" percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) all-comers. BACKGROUND: Patients with undetected and thus untreated (silent) diabetes may have higher event risks after PCI with contemporary drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS: The BIO-RESORT Silent Diabetes study, performed at Thoraxcentrum Twente, is a substudy of the randomized multicenter BIO-RESORT (BIOdegradable Polymer and DuRable Polymer Drug-eluting Stents in an All COmeRs PopulaTion) trial (NCT01674803)...
February 8, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Pengcheng Peng, Hui Huang, Hongqiang Ren
This study aims to explore the potential of low-concentration of rhamnolipid in efficient treatment of wastewater with poor biodegradability. Six lab-scale moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBRs) were applied to investigate the effect of rhamnolipid concentration (0, 20, 50 mg/L) on pollutants removal, biomass accumulation, microbial morphology and community evolution in synthetic low C/N ratio (3:1) and antibiotic (50 μg/L tetracycline) wastewater. 20 mg/L rhamnolipid treated groups exhibited significant increase (p < 0...
February 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Defu Zhi, Yuchao Bai, Jian Yang, Shaohui Cui, Yinan Zhao, Huiying Chen, Shubiao Zhang
Cationic lipids have become known as one of the most versatile tools for the delivery of DNA, RNA and many other therapeutic molecules, and are especially attractive because they can be easily designed, synthesized and characterized. Most of cationic lipids share the common structure of cationic head groups and hydrophobic portions with linker bonds between both domains. The linker bond is an important determinant of the chemical stability and biodegradability of cationic lipid, and further governs its transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity...
December 26, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Mi Feng, Hua Yin, Yajuan Cao, Hui Peng, Guining Lu, Zehua Liu, Zhi Dang
Cd-induced stress response of Phanerochaete chrysosporium during the biodegradation of BDE-47 was investigated in this study, with the goal of elucidating the tolerance behavior and the detoxification mechanisms of P. chrysosporium to resist the Cd stress in the course of BDE-47 biodegradation, which has implications for expanding the application of P. chrysosporium in the bioremediation of Cd and BDE-47 combined pollution. The results suggested that single BDE-47 exposure did not induce obvious oxidative stress in P...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL -1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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