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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352383/dietary-patterns-their-covariates-and-associations-with-severity-of-depressive-symptoms-among-university-students-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Doris Jaalouk, Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Lea Helou, Maya Abou Jaoude
PURPOSE: The study aims to identify dietary patterns in university students in Lebanon, to determine their associations with socio-demographic, lifestyle, and stress factors, and to assess the link between identified dietary patterns and severity of depressive symptoms, controlling for multiple confounders. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-seven private university students were surveyed. Information about dietary intake, socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, physical activity, and depressive symptoms were collected by the 73-item food frequency questionnaire, background questionnaire, International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#2
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351278/analysis-of-the-tonsillar-microbiome-in-young-adults-with-sore-throat-reveals-a-high-relative-abundance-of-fusobacterium-necrophorum-with-low-diversity
#3
T Prescott Atkinson, Robert M Centor, Li Xiao, Fuchenchu Wang, Xiangqin Cui, William Van Der Pol, Casey D Morrow, Amy E Ratliff, Donna M Crabb, Arthur H Totten, Carlos A Estrada, Michael B Faircloth, Ken B Waites
Fusobacterium necrophorum (Fn), a gram-negative anaerobe, is increasingly implicated as an etiologic agent in older adolescents and young adults with sore throat. Inadequately treated Fn pharyngitis may result in suppurative complications such as peritonsillar abscess and Lemierre's syndrome. Data from the literature suggest that the incidence of life-threating complications in these age groups from Fn pharyngitis (Lemierre's syndrome) in the United States exceeds those associated with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis (acute rheumatic fever)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351244/school-contextual-features-of-social-disorder-and-mental-health-complaints-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-sixth-grade-students
#4
Bitte Modin, Stephanie Plenty, Sara B Låftman, Malin Bergström, Marie Berlin, Per A Gustafsson, Anders Hjern
This study addressed school-contextual features of social disorder in relation to sixth-grade students' experiences of bullying victimization and mental health complaints. It investigated, firstly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems were associated with individual students' likelihood of being bullied, and secondly, whether the school's concentrations of behavioural problems and bullying victimization predicted students' emotional and psychosomatic health complaints. The data were derived from the Swedish National Survey of Mental Health among Children and Young People, carried out among sixth-grade students (approximately 12-13 years old) in Sweden in 2009...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351085/how-to-prepare-interprofessional-teams-in-two-weeks-an-innovative-education-program-nested-in-telehealth
#5
Tina Sweeney Haney, Karen Kott, Carolyn M Rutledge, Bruce Britton, Christianne Nesbitt Fowler, Rebecca D Poston
PROBLEM: Preparing health professional students for interprofessional collaborative practice, especially at a distance where provider shortages prevail remains difficult. APPROACH: A two-week interprofessional education (IPE) immersion experience preparing students from 11 disciplines and four universities was implemented. Week-one, using online technology, students develop/present an interprofessional careplan for a complex patient. Students then meet face-to-face to conduct group interviews with two standardized patient dyads...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350323/william-e-vidaver-1921-2017-an-innovator-enthusiastic-scientist-inspiring-teacher-and-a-wonderful-friend
#6
A H Jay Burr, Aaron Vidaver, Ulrich Schreiber, Doug Bruce, Danielle J Donnelly
William (Bill) E. Vidaver (February 2, 1921-August 31, 2017), who did his Ph.D. with Laurence (Larry) R. Blinks at Stanford (1964) and a postdoc with C. Stacy French (1965), taught and did research at Simon Fraser University (SFU) for almost 30 years. Here he published over 80 papers in photosynthesis-related areas co-authored by his graduate students, postdocs, visiting professors and SFU colleagues. He developed a unique high-pressure cuvette for the study of oxygen exchange and studied high-pressure effects in photosynthesis...
January 19, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349892/-can-the-patient-speak-postcolonialism-and-patient-involvement-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#7
Malika Sharma
CONTEXT: Patients are increasingly being engaged in providing feedback and consultation to health care institutions, and in the training of health care professionals. Such involvement has the potential to disrupt traditional doctor-patient power dynamics in significant ways that have not been theorised in the medical literature. Critical theories can help us understand how power flows when patients are engaged in the training of medical students. METHODS: This paper applies postcolonial theory to the involvement of patients in the development and delivery of medical education...
January 19, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349351/the-relationship-between-subjective-oral-health-and-dental-fear-in-korean-adolescents
#8
Young-Soon Won, Youn-Soo Shim, So-Youn An
Background: This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits. Methods: In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349253/recreational-marijuana-legalization-and-college-student-use-early-evidence
#9
Austin M Miller, Robert Rosenman, Benjamin W Cowan
We analyze marijuana use by college undergraduates before and after legalization of recreational marijuana. Using survey data from the National College Health Assessment, we show that students at Washington State University experienced a significant increase in marijuana use after legalization. This increase is larger than would be predicted by national trends. The change is strongest among females, Black students, and Hispanic students. The increase for underage students is as much as for legal-age students...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349236/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-suicidal-behaviours-ideation-plan-and-attempt-among-adolescents-in-senior-high-schools-in-ghana
#10
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey, Joseph Osafo, Emmanuel Nii-Boye Quarshie, Jacob Owusu Sarfo
Suicide is recognised as the third leading cause of death among adolescents globally. There is however limited data on the prevalence and factors associated with suicide particularly in Ghana. To explore the prevalence and risk and protective factors associated with suicide in Ghana, a nationwide Global School-based Student Health Survey data collected among senior high school adolescents in Ghana was used. The prevalence of suicidal behaviours was 18.2%, 22.5% and 22.2% for suicidal ideation, suicidal plan and suicidal attempt respectively...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349215/public-health-and-the-economy-could-be-served-by-reallocating-medical-expenditures-to-social-programs
#11
Linda Diem Tran, Frederick J Zimmerman, Jonathan E Fielding
As much as 30% of US health care spending in the United States does not improve individual or population health. To a large extent this excess spending results from prices that are too high and from administrative waste. In the public sector, and particularly at the state level, where budget constraints are severe and reluctance to raise taxes high, this spending crowds out social, educational, and public-health investments. Over time, as spending on medical care increases, spending on improvements to the social determinants of health are starved...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347963/hungry-to-learn-the-prevalence-and-effects-of-food-insecurity-on-health-behaviors-and-outcomes-over-time-among-a-diverse-sample-of-university-freshmen
#12
Meg Bruening, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between food insecurity (FI) and health behaviors/outcomes among a diverse sample of university freshmen. METHODS: Freshman students (n = 1138; 65% female; 49% non-white) participating in the Social impact of Physical Activity and nutRition in College study completed surveys on health behaviors and had height/weight measured up to 4 times (T1-T4) in Arizona during 2015-2016. Structural equation models were estimated to determine if, after adjusting for covariates, FI predicted concurrent behaviors/outcomes and subsequent behaviors/outcomes...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346701/identifying-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-behavioral-health-education-in-family-medicine-clerkships-a-cera-study
#13
Mario P DeMarco, Renée M Betancourt, Kelly M Everard, Kent D W Bream
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many patients with behavioral health disorders do not seek or receive adequate care for their conditions. Among those that do, most will receive care in a primary care setting. To best meet this need, clinicians will need to demonstrate proficiency of behavioral health skills and evidence-based practices. We sought to explore the degree to which these skills are being taught in family medicine clerkships. METHODS: The Council of Academic Family Medicine's (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2016 survey of clerkship directors (CDs) was sent to 141 CDs at US and Canadian medical schools with a required family medicine run course...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346691/the-impact-of-near-peer-teaching-on-medical-students-transition-to-clerkships
#14
Alexander C Knobloch, Christy J W Ledford, Sean Wilkes, Adam K Saperstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to clerkships is one of the most challenging times during medical school. To help students better cope, many schools have established transition-to-clerkship curricula. Such curricula may optimally prepare students through increasing their self-efficacy and response efficacy. We hypothesized that a small-group, near-peer-led format would be ideally suited to help students achieve these outcomes. METHODS: During process improvement for a transition-to-clerkship curriculum, we conducted an informal focus group and subsequent survey of postclerkship students to guide curricular innovation, including incorporation of third- and fourth-year students as near-peer instructors in a seminar format...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346690/using-standardized-patient-assessments-to-evaluate-a-health-literacy-curriculum
#15
Gail S Marion, Jade M Hairston, Stephen W Davis, Julienne K Kirk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients' health literacy is a growing concern as patients are expected to perform more self-care. While many US schools implement health literacy in their curricula, time spent on the topic ranges from 0 to 8 hours and is largely didactic. Evaluation of health literacy skills is not well defined. The effectiveness of a health literacy curriculum for third-year medical students was evaluated by two standardized patients assessments (SPAs). METHODS: All third-year medical students complete a required 4-week clerkship in family medicine...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346226/preparing-physiotherapy-students-for-clinical-placement-student-perceptions-of-low-cost-peer-simulation-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Narelle Dalwood, Stephen Maloney, Narelle Cox, Prue Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in health care education, yet the organizational and financial costs can be prohibitive. This study aimed to investigate whether peer simulation is perceived by third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students as valuable for clinical placement preparation. METHODS: Third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students participated in a 9-week peer simulation program, using each other as patients, and were invited to complete two surveys evaluating perceptions of the program...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346006/public-health-education-teaching-epidemiology-in-high-school-classrooms
#17
Emily D'Agostino
Epidemiology instruction has expanded at the undergraduate level in part because it increases student critical thinking and scientific literacy, promotes students' perception of public health as both practical and relevant, and empowers students as independent, lifelong learners. Why then are more high schools not adopting epidemiology as a course requirement for students? Although prior iterations of high school epidemiology courses are noteworthy for incorporating active and participatory learning, embedding them into existing and continually shifting curricula is challenging and time-consuming, especially for teachers not trained in the field...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345731/student-evaluations-of-teaching-set-guidelines-for-their-use
#18
Marilyn H Oermann, Jamie L Conklin, Sharron Rushton, Margaret A Bush
Student evaluations of teaching (SET) provide a structured way of collecting feedback from students about the course and teacher's effectiveness. We reviewed literature describing use of SET across a broad range of disciplines in undergraduate and graduate education to provide guidelines for faculty in using SET in a nursing or other health professions program. On SET tools, students typically rate their satisfaction with a course and perceptions about the quality of the teaching. It is important to evaluate SET tools prior to their use including pilot testing tools with students because studies show students may not interpret items or questions on a SET tool as faculty intended...
January 18, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345727/the-petal-project-an-innovation-in-sexual-healthcare-and-education-for-kenyan-schoolgirl
#19
Karen M Parker
In the western province of Nyanza in Kenya, girls and women face an issue all too common in the developing world-little or no access to affordable means to effectively managing their menstrual flow. As a result, many stay at home or drop out of school because they are teased and embarrassed. Some approach men for money to buy pads and are forced, in return, to engage in transactional sex. The girls may not be able to return to school at all due to pregnancy. The story literally and figuratively continues to cycle, keeping girls in positions of dependency and poverty...
January 18, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345549/veterinary-medical-students-motivations-for-exercise
#20
Kenneth D Royal, Suzanne A Hunt, Liara M Gonzalez, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) declares exercise to be one of the most important activities one can do to improve health. The benefits of exercise are well documented and include both physiologic and psychological health. Given the current landscape of wellness issues in veterinary medical education, it is necessary that students engage in exercise activities to manage stress and increase overall health. Therefore, to develop targeted interventions with the greatest likelihood for success, it is first necessary to understand what motivates veterinary medical students to exercise given their unique situational and environmental factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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