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Student health

Aurelia Minuti, Karen Sorensen, Rachel Schwartz, Winifred S King, Nancy R Glassman, Racheline G Habousha
This article describes the development of a flipped classroom instructional module designed by librarians to teach first- and second-year medical students how to search the literature and find evidence-based articles. The pre-class module consists of an online component that includes reading, videos, and exercises relating to a clinical case. The in-class sessions, designed to reinforce important concepts, include various interactive activities. The specifics of designing both components are included for other health sciences librarians interested in presenting similar instruction...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Anisha Garg, Karen B Mulloy
OBJECTIVES: Pilot study incorporating environmental and occupational health (EOH) learning objectives into medical school curriculum using problem based learning approach. METHODS: 184 Case Western Reserve University medical students participated in problem based learning curriculum emphasizing EOH topics. Multiple choice (MCQ), short essay (SEQ), and summative short essay (SSEQ) questions assessed student knowledge. Two rating scale questions and one open-ended question determined student attitudes and confidence...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Andrea Parraguez Arévalo, Francisco Rojas Navarro, Macarena Ruz Céspedes, Paul Medina González, Máximo Escobar Cabello, Rodrigo Muñoz Cofré
INTRODUCTION: Child and adolescent obesity is an epidemiological problem in developing countries. Its prevalence among preschoolers and schoolchildren is over 30%. It has been associated with a wide range of health complications, including rapid loss of lung function leading to changes in physiology and ventilatory mechanics. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between obesity and the increase in specific airway resistance (sRaw) in a sample of obese children and adolescents from the district of Talca...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Julieta Zalba, Lucas G Durán, Diego R Carletti, Patxi Zavala Gottau, María G Serralunga, Ezequiel F Jouglard, María E Esandi
INTRODUCTION: Bullying among peers has immediate and long-term consequences, as it affects children's health-related quality of life. The aim was to examine the association between the frequency, type and dynamics of children's involvement in bullying situations and their academic performance over the school year. METHODS: Longitudinal study conducted in 2015 in 9 to 12 year-olds in schools of Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Outcome measures: children's involvement in bullying situations, frequency of participation in bullying and academic performance...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Allison Brown, Aditya Nidumolu, Alexandra Stanhope, Justin Koh, Matthew Greenway, Lawrence Grierson
BACKGROUND: Quality Improvement (QI) training for health professionals is essential to strengthen health systems. However, QI training during medical school is constrained by students' lack of contextual understanding of the health system and an already saturated medical curriculum. The Program for Improvement in Medical Education (PRIME), an extracurricular offered at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicineat McMaster University (Hamilton, Canada), addresses these obstacles by having first-year medical students engage in QI by identifying opportunities for improvement within their own education...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
Mahmoud A Alomari, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neutrophic factor (BDNF) and tobacco consumption can affect many body functions and health. However, the relationship of BDNF with waterpipe (Wp) smoking is unknown. Therefore, the current study examined the relationship between Wp smoking and BDNF in adolescents. METHODS: Self-reported tobacco consumption and serum BDNF were determined in 195 waterpipe and 288 nonsmokers in 7th-10th grade students. RESULTS: Stepwise regression that included Wp smoking, gender, BMI, and location, showed that only Wp smoking (p < 0...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Stephen P Becker, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Annie A Garner, G Leonard Burns, Michael J Kofler
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe sleep problems in a large, multi-university sample of college students; (2) evaluate sex differences; and (3) examine the unique associations of mental health symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention [ADHD-IN], ADHD hyperactivity-impulsivity [ADHD-HI]) in relation to sleep problems. METHODS: 7,626 students (70% female; 81% White) ages 18-29 years (M=19.14, SD=1.42) from six universities completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Sushanth Bhat, Genevieve Pinto-Zipp, Hinesh Upadhyay, Peter G Polos
OBJECTIVES: The use of mobile device-based electronic social media (ESM) in bed is rapidly becoming commonplace, with potentially adverse impacts on sleep and daytime functioning. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which in-bed ESM use is associated with insomnia, daytime sleepiness, mood, and sleep duration in adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted among 855 hospital employees and university students (mean age, 43...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Linda Waldman, Tanvir Ahmed, Nigel Scott, Shahinoor Akter, Hilary Standing, Sabrina Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) which enable people to access, use and promote health information through digital technology, promise important health systems innovations which can challenge gatekeepers' control of information, through processes of disintermediation. College students, in pursuit of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, are particularly affected by gatekeeping as strong social and cultural norms restrict their access to information and services...
March 20, 2018: Globalization and Health
Mika Okura, Hiroko Takizawa
BACKGROUND: The skills and knowledge of the competencies expected of public health nursing (PHN) students at graduation have been clarified; however, the attitudes and values have not yet been studied in Japan. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify and reach a consensus among experts on the attitudes and values expected of PHN students at graduation. DESIGN: This survey was conducted as a two-stage Delphi study. PARTICIPANTS: We selected the following experts: 248 teachers in the faculty of public health nursing at a university as academic experts, and 250 public health nurses who were also experienced clinical instructors as clinical experts...
March 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson, Halima Akhter, Dalia Akter, Momtaz Begum, Merry Chowdhury, Lucky Das, Rehana Akter, Sufia Begum, Renoara Akter, Syeada Yesmin, Yamin Ara Khatun
OBJECTIVE: using the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) Global Standards for Midwifery Education as a conceptual framework, the aim of this study was to explore and describe important 'must haves' for inclusion in a context-specific accreditation assessment tool in Bangladesh. DESIGN: A questionnaire study was conducted using a Likert rating scale and 111 closed-response single items on adherence to accreditation-related statements, ending with an open-ended question...
February 21, 2018: Midwifery
Wayne R Lawrence, Mo Yang, Shao Lin, Si-Quan Wang, Yimin Liu, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Bo-Yi Yang, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Li-Wen Hu, Guang-Hui Dong
The effect of ambient air pollution exposure on childhood hypertension has emerged as a concern in China, and previous studies suggested pet ownership is associated with lower blood pressure (BP). However, limited information exists on the interactive effects pet ownership and air pollution exposure has on hypertension. We investigated the interactions between exposure to pet ownership and air pollutants on hypertension in Chinese children. 9354 students in twenty-four elementary and middle schools (aged 5-17 years) in Northeastern China were evaluated during 2012-2013...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Lara Massie, Rushna Ali, Konstantin V Slavin, Jason M Schwalb
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of the occipital and supraorbital nerves is used to treat chronic migraine refractory to medical management. Placement of cranial leads is often challenging due to the rigid Touhy needle included in the kit for its placement. OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of concurrent placement of bilateral supraorbital (SNS) and occipital nerve stimulators (ONS) from a unilateral approach using the On-Q* Tunneler, (Halyard Health, Alpharetta, Georgia) a flexible, blunt tipped plastic tunneler with a tear-away sheath...
March 14, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Pia Martino-Fuentealba, Jaime Carcamo-Oyarzun, Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Astrid Von Oetinger, Kabir P Sadarangani
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries, have been historically under-represented due to the lack of surveillance of physical behaviours in young populations. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe and compare overall physical activity (PA), active transportation to and from school (i.e. walking or cycling), physical education (PE) participation, and sedentary behaviour (SB) in adolescents from 26 countries in LAC. Methods: Data were collected in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (2007-13)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Filipa de Castro, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Aremis Villalobos-Hernández, Betania Allen-Leigh, Ariela Breverman-Bronstein, Deborah Lynn Billings, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga
OBJECTIVES: To describe the comprehensive sex education (CSE) coverage and to evaluate a set of indicators related to knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with the seven components of the CSE framework among Mexican high-school students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of students in public and private high schools in Mexico. Questions about CSE coverage and about knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to sexual health were included...
2018: PloS One
Wudan Yan
In early September 2017, when the rains from Hurricane Harvey finally subsided in Houston, Texas, Seth Pedersen loaded up his pickup truck with sample collection kits, waders, rubber boots, buckets, and a small aluminum fishing boat. On that particular day, Pedersen, a second-year graduate student in environmental engineering at Rice University, was-along with a fellow graduate student-on a mission to test the water in homes flooded by Hurricane Harvey. He was looking specifically for E. coli bacteria, chemicals, heavy metals, and other pathogens (Figure 1)...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
Daniela Metro, Mattia Papa, Luigi Manasseri, Teresa Gervasi, Luca Campone, Vito Pellizzeri, Roberta Tardugno, Giacomo Dugo
Breakfast habits affect the nutritional status and health of people, in particular children and adolescents. This is the second part a previous study about the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a Sicilian (Italy) student population. The investigation analysed both normal weight and overweight subjects in order to understand how eating habits, number of meals and daily calorie intakes could affect their body mass indexes (BMI). The aim of this second part was to analyse the breakfast nutritional profiles of this student population...
March 19, 2018: Natural Product Research
Allison R Fleming, Mary Edwin, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke, Allison J Lockard
Students with disabilities are a growing population on college campuses and have unique challenges that put them at risk for early departure, creating complexity in efforts to address their personal and academic needs. PURPOSE: The purpose was to explore academic and other sources of distress among college students with disabilities to identify possible areas where enhanced supports might benefit this population. Research Method and Design: Researchers analyzed cross-sectional data from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health to compare subsamples of students with (n = 1,774) and without disabilities (n = 1,774) on presenting concerns, and to determine significant predictors of academic distress among students with disabilities...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
Nidal Abukhaizaran, Mohammed Hashem, Osama Hroub, Souad Belkebir, Khaled Demyati
BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is the treatment of choice for organ failure, but organs are scarce and their availability is affected by relational ties, religious beliefs, cultural influences, body integrity, medical mistrust, and other factors. This aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Palestinian population with respect to organ donation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used a validated questionnaire delivered by land telephone to collect data on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to organ donation in the general population of the West Bank...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Rola Abu Dalfa, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Mohamed El Raai, Nermeen El Gazaly, Ahmed Shatat
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea causes 15% of under-5 mortality in developing countries. Zinc (Zn) stores in the body are known to be depleted during acute diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Zn given with standard treatment to children with acute or moderate diarrhoea. METHODS: In this quasi-unmasked, parallel-group study, we enrolled children with diarrhoea at El-Dorra Paediatric Hospital, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory. Inclusion criteria were children with more than three unformed stools in the preceding 24 h, duration of diarrhoea up to 72 h, and ability to accept oral fluids or feeds...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
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