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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#2
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805316/promoting-empathy-using-video-based-teaching
#3
Kieran Sweeney, Paul Baker
BACKGROUND: Empathy is fundamental to patient-centred care. It has been shown to improve patient satisfaction and therapeutic outcomes. The success of educational interventions in enhancing students' empathy has been mixed, however, and a consensus on the most effective approach is lacking. METHODS: Patients were videoed discussing their hospital experiences and interactions with clinicians. These videos were shown to groups of medical students, who then took part in a facilitated discussion around themes of health care communication and patient experience...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805240/the-role-of-social-familial-and-individual-level-factors-on-multiple-alcohol-use-outcomes-during-the-first-year-of-university
#4
Megan E Cooke, Zoe E Neale, Peter B Barr, John Myers, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Alexis C Edwards
BACKGROUND: The first year of university attendance represents a critical time frame for the development of alcohol use and misuse given changes in autonomy and increased access to alcohol. Prior studies have demonstrated that the establishment of drinking patterns during this period is impacted by an array of demographic, environmental, and familial factors. It is critical to consider such factors jointly, and to understand potentially differential effects on stages of alcohol use/misuse, in order to identify robust predictors that may be targeted in prevention and intervention programming...
August 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805156/socioeconomic-crisis-and-aggressive-behaviour-of-greek-adolescents
#5
Helen Lazaratou, Zacharias Kalogerakis, Marina Economou, Kiriakos Xenitidis
BACKGROUND: Aggressive behaviours are common during adolescence. In Greece, adolescents and their families experience a severe and enduring recession with potentially adverse impact on mental health. AIM: This study aimed to examine the correlation between adolescents' aggressive behaviour and economic factors. METHODS: The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) was used to measure aggression. Reduction in pocket money and three items of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale were used to measure material deprivation as a result of the economic crisis...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#6
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804939/assessing-the-application-of-knowledge-in-clinical-problem-solving-the-structured-professional-reasoning-exercise
#7
M P Escudier, M J Woolford, J A Tricio
INTRODUCTION: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students' clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804586/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-university-students
#8
Naim Nur, Ahmet Kıbık, Esma Kılıç, Haldun Sümer
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore factors associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among students of Cumhuriyet University, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1751 undergraduate students. HRQOL was measured using the Turkish version of 36-Item Short Form Health Survey questionnaire. We looked at the effect of sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., gender, age, drinking, and smoking) on the individual HRQOL domains...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803573/the-school-environment-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-guatemalan-adolescents
#9
Katelyn M Godin, Violeta Chacón, Joaquin Barnoya, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine Guatemalan adolescents' consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), identify which individual-level characteristics are associated with SSB consumption and describe school characteristics that may influence students' SSB consumption. DESIGN: Within this observational pilot study, a questionnaire was used to assess students' consumption of three varieties of SSB (soft drinks, energy drinks, sweetened coffees/teas), as well as a variety of sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803493/health-related-quality-of-life-of-people-with-multimorbidity-at-a-community-based-interprofessional-student-assisted-clinic-implications-for-assessment-and-intervention
#10
Zephanie Tyack, Suzanne Kuys, Petrea Cornwell, Kerrie-Anne Frakes, Steven McPhail
Objective This study examined the relationship between the number of comorbidities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and between select physical conditions and HRQoL. Differences in HRQoL in comparison to a normative sample were also examined. Method A cross-sectional study among people with multimorbidity ( n = 401) attending a community-based, interdisciplinary health clinic was conducted. HRQoL was measured using the eight dimensions of the SF-36. Multiple linear regression and t-tests were used to analyse the data...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803437/geographic-variation-in-chinese-children-forced-vital-capacity-and-its-association-with-long-term-exposure-to-local-pm10-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#11
Hai-Jun Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Jie-Yun Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Ma
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between Chinese children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10). The FVC data of 71,763 children aged 7 to 18 was collected from 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students' Construction and Health (CNSSCH). The local annual average concentration of PM10, relative humidity, ambient temperature, and other air pollutant data of 30 cities was collected from China Meteorological Administration and Ministry of Environment Protection of China...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803226/nursing-students-and-faculty-members-experiences-of-comfort-during-transition-to-context-based-learning
#12
Vivian Puplampu
There is evidence supporting student-centered learning (SCL) as an effective pedagogy to prepare professionals to work in the evolving health care system of the twenty-first century. SCL has many benefits, among them that it helps students to learn to work in teams and develop problem-solving, critical thinking and communication skills. The focus on the student means that the teacher's power is decreased. This, along with openness of the approach, can make the transition to SCL a challenge. This study used an exploratory descriptive qualitative design to explore how comfortable nursing students and faculty members were in a context-based learning (CBL) program, a version of SCL...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802872/smoking-and-binge-drinking-among-adolescents-ontario-canada-does-the-school-neighbourhood-matter
#13
Kristian Larsen, Teresa To, Hyacinth M Irving, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Robert E Mann, Robert Schwartz, Guy E J Faulkner
This study examines whether access to alcohol and tobacco around the school relates to higher or lower odds of cigarette smoking and binge-drinking among Ontario high school students. The 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey provides data on self-reported smoking and drinking, individual covariates and subjective socio-economic status for 6142 students (grades 9-12) in Ontario, Canada. Locations of schools were geocoded and 1.6km network buffers defined the school neighbourhoods. Multi-level logistic regression examines individual and school neighbourhood factors with smoking and binge drinking as the dependent variable...
August 10, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802728/mental-health-problems-in-college-freshmen-prevalence-and-academic-functioning
#14
Ronny Bruffaerts, Philippe Mortier, Glenn Kiekens, Randy P Auerbach, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Matthew K Nock, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems in college and their associations with academic performance are not well understood. The main aim of this study was to investigate to what extent mental health problems are associated with academic functioning. METHODS: As part of the World Mental Health Surveys International College Student project, 12-month mental health problems among freshmen (N = 4921) was assessed in an e-survey of students at KU Leuven University in Leuven, Belgium...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802620/modified-open-access-scheduling-for-new-patient-evaluations-at-an-academic-chronic-pain-clinic-increased-patient-access-to-care-but-did-not-materially-reduce-their-mean-cancellation-rate-a-retrospective-observational-study
#15
Eellan Sivanesan, David A Lubarsky, Chaturani T Ranasinghe, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Richard H Epstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if open-access scheduling would reduce the cancellation rate for new patient evaluations in a chronic pain clinic by at least 50%. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study using electronic health records. SETTING: Chronic pain clinic of an academic anesthesia department. PATIENTS: All patients scheduled for evaluation or follow-up appointments in the chronic pain clinic between April 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802591/maternal-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-behaviors-as-correlates-of-preadolescent-s-breakfast-habits
#16
Reem A Ali, Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Karimeh M Alnuaimi, Fatmeh A Alzoubi
PURPOSE: To explore factors affecting skipping breakfast rate, and to identify its perceived reasons among preadolescent students and their mothers in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using cluster stratified sampling, preadolescent (10-11years) students (N=1915) and their mothers (N=1299) from 26 public and private schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. Breakfast skipping and its related habits were described. Children's and mothers' perceptions of regular breakfast eating and sociodemographic factors were analyzed in relation to breakfast skipping in children...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802301/sleep-duration-s-association-with-diet-physical-activity-mental-status-and-weight-among-korean-high-school-students
#17
Jounghee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sleep deprivation is a critical public health problem, especially in Korean adolescents. This study aimed to identify the association between sleep duration and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental status, and nutritional status among high school students in South Korea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Based on the data collected from the 2014 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, 31,407 high school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected and the association between sleep duration and selected health risk factors was identified using multivariable logistic regression models...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802299/child-and-parental-perspectives-on-diet-and-physical-activity-decisions-implications-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-china
#18
Youfa Wang, Alice Fang Yan, Xinyu Shi, Huijun Wang, Zhiyong Wang, Joel Gittelsohn, Fei Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity has become a global epidemic. In China, 42% of adults and about onefifth of children are overweight or obese. In major cities, about one-third of boys are overweight or obese. This study aimed to understand how children and parents in China make eating and physical activity (PA) decisions, considering individual, family, community, social, and environmental factors, and to collect parents' recommendations for interventions to promote healthy eating and physical activity...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801880/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-nurses-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-providing-cervical-cancer-screening-information-in-selected-health-facilities-in-ibadan-nigeria
#19
Chizoma M Ndikom, Bola A Ofi, Folashade O Omokhodion, Patricia O Bakare, Cecilia Olusade Adetayo
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death among women especially in developing nations. It can be prevented through screening yet many women are unaware of screening options. Nurses are in vantage position to provide cervical cancer screening (CCS) information and services especially in antenatal clinics. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of an educational intervention (EI) on nurses' knowledge and attitude towards providing CCS information. This quasi-experimental study was conducted in eight health facilities in Ibadan, Nigeria...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800282/towards-a-generation-free-of-tuberculosis-tb-disease-and-infection-in-individuals-of-college-age-in-the-united-states
#20
N S Shah, A Flood-Bryzman, C Jeffries, J Scott
OBJECTIVES: To assess the magnitude of active TB disease and LTBI in young adults of college age. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals 18 - 24 years old in 2011 were used as a proxy for college students. METHODS: Active TB cases reported to the 2011 U.S. National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were included. LTBI prevalence was calculated from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The 2011 American Community Survey was used to calculate population denominators...
August 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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