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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302135/the-effects-of-passive-cigarette-smoke-exposure-on-the-survival-of-the-reverse-sural-fasciocutaneous-flap
#1
Abdul Nawfar Sadagatullah, Ahmad Sukari Halim, Mohd Shakir Bathusha, Anantha Kumar Ramachandran
Background  The possibility of a person who had undergone surgery to be exposed to the ill effects of cigarette smoke is high, more so if the person lives with a smoker. With increasing popularity of reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps, a surgeon may have to manage a person who lives with a smoker or is exposed to cigarette smoke. A clear understanding of the effects of exposure to cigarette smoke on reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps is necessary. This study was performed to establish a clearer understanding of the effects of smoking on reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps and evidence for preoperative patient counseling about smoking and smoke exposure...
December 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275614/-wound-repair-and-functional-reconstruction-of-high-voltage-electrical-burns-in-wrists
#2
Y M Shen, C X Ma, F J Qin, C Zhang, C Wang, X H Hu
Objective: To explore the methods and effects of wound repair and functional reconstruction of high-voltage electrical burns in wrists. Methods: From January 2009 to June 2016, 71 patients with high-voltage electrical burns in wrists were hospitalized, with 118 wrist wounds including 21 of type Ⅰ, 69 of type Ⅱ, 9 of type Ⅲ, and 19 of type Ⅳ. According to the wrist injuries, different surgical operations were performed. Forearm amputation was conducted in 20 wrists with necrosis in the distal end. On the basis of fasciotomy for decompression, early debridement was performed on the other 98 wrist wounds...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249632/perforator-flaps-from-the-lower-leg-for-intraoral-reconstruction-experience-of-131-flaps
#3
Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Andrea Rau, Andreas Kolk
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, perforator flaps have become popular for defect cover in the head and neck because they increase the choice of reconstructive possibilities and can lead to minimal donor site morbidity. In particular, the lower leg is considered a suitable option, as it provides thin and pliable skin for intraoral lining. Having gained experience with 131 flaps raised from four different donor sites at the lower leg, the aim of this paper is to evaluate success rates and patient satisfaction, but also difficulties and pitfalls during flap transfer...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240590/reverse-sural-adipofascial-flaps-with-acellular-dermal-matrix-and-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#4
Matthew E Pontell, Noah Saad, Brian S Winters, Joseph N Daniel, Adam Saad
The reverse sural adipofascial flap (RSAF) is used to reconstruct challenging wounds of the foot and ankle. It offers several advantages over the traditional reverse sural flap, including less venous congestion. To complete the reconstruction, split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) may be done immediately or in a delayed fashion; however, both scenarios result in suboptimal take rates and prolonged healing. An acellular dermal matrix (ADM; Integra; Ethicon Inc, Somerville, New Jersey) and negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) combined with RSAF followed by delayed STSG may decrease wound healing time...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218386/anatomical-study-of-medial-sural-artery-and-its-perforators-in-nepalese-an-aid-to-reconstructive-surgery
#5
Laju Maya Basnet, Samit Kumar Ghosh, Sunara Shrestha, Shaligram Dhungel
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to know the anatomical basis of medial sural artery (MSA) and its perforators in Nepalese. METHODS: The popliteal arteries of 16 preserved cadaveric lower limbs were injected with a mixture of red ink and glycerine. The number, location, diameter of perforators; length and intramuscular course of pedicle; the branching pattern of MSA were observed and measured. RESULTS: The mean of 2.2 ± 1.2 perforators (range 0-4) was observed...
December 7, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218284/how-much-can-we-do-by-reverse-superficial-sural-artery-flap-to-potentiate-its-effects-introducing-spout-sural-flap-as-a-new-modification
#6
Jalaluddin Khoshnevis, Terifeh Dashti, Eznollah Azargashb, Mohamad Reza Kalantar Motamedi
BACKGROUND: Due to shortage of local donor tissue and unreliable blood supply, free flaps were the mainstay of treatment for tissue defects in the lower leg and foot region, but it requires a qualified microvascular surgeon. Recently, attention has been paid to reverse superficial sural artery flap (RSSAF) and its modifications as a good alternative to pave the way to simple and friendly techniques. METHODS: Excluding each patient with septic and severely ischemic foot, every patient with tissue defect in distal leg and proximal foot region were studied...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203066/-the-sural-medial-perforator-flap-anatomical-bases-surgical-technique-and-indications-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction
#7
S Struk, J-B Schaff, Q Qassemyar
INTRODUCTION: The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap is defined as a thin cutaneo-adipose perforator flap harvested on the medial aspect of the leg. The aims of this study were to describe the anatomical basis as well as the surgical technique and discuss the indications in head and neck reconstructive surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We harvested 10 MSAP flap on 5 fresh cadavers. For each case, the number and the location of the perforators were recorded...
December 1, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191377/distally-based-sural-neuro-fasciocutaneous-perforator-flap-for-foot-and-ankle-reconstruction-surgical-modifications-for-flap-pedicle-and-donor-site-closure-without-skin-graft
#8
Zhenglin Chi, Yiheng Chen, Tinggang Chu, Weiyang Gao, Zhijie Li, Hede Yan, Yonghuan Song
BACKGROUND: The conventional procedure of the sural neuro-fasciocutaneous flap enables the supply of blood and venous drainage by increasing the width of the adipofascial tissue and preserving tiny venous return routes. Moreover, skin graft is a common method for donor site closure, which may lead to some complications and influence the aesthetic appearance. We report modifications for a distally based sural neuro-fasciocutaneous perforator flap and a relaying flap for donor site closure without skin graft...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180190/patterns-of-sural-nerve-innervation-of-the-sural-artery-with-implication-for-reconstructive-surgery
#9
Fang Fang, Wenxuan Zou, Zhiming Zhang, Qi Zhang, Yun Xie
BACKGROUND: Most of the literature concerning the neurocutaneous flap is related to its anatomic investigation and clinical application, and the more in-depth physiological problem such as whether the cutaneous nerve contains sympathetic fibers that innervate its accompanying vessels has never been explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dissection was first performed on three rabbits. In another 22 rabbits, two rabbits undergoing no surgery were used as the normal control group...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094390/reconstruction-of-a-long-defect-of-the-ulnar-artery-and-nerve-with-an-arterialized-neurovenous-free-flap-in-a-teenager-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Diogo Casal, Diogo Pais, Eduarda Mota-Silva, Giovanni Pelliccia, Inês Iria, Paula A Videira, Maria Manuel Mendes, João Goyri-O'Neill, Maria Manuel Mouzinho
There is evidence that nerve flaps are superior to nerve grafts for bridging long nerve defects. Moreover, arterialized neurovenous flaps (ANVFs) have multiple potential advantages over traditional nerve flaps in this context. This paper describes a case of reconstruction of a long defect of the ulnar artery and nerve with an arterialized neurovenous free flap and presents a literature review on this subject. A 16-year-old boy sustained a stab wound injury to the medial aspect of the distal third of his right forearm...
November 2, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076683/outcome-of-distally-based-sural-artery-flap-for-distal-third-of-leg-and-foot-defects
#11
Kuldeep Singh, Rajesh Rohilla, Raj Singh, Sarita Singh, Bikramjit Singh, Milind Tanwar
BACKGROUND: Due to precarious blood supply, skin coverage for defects of leg, heel, dorsum of foot and the ankle has been a complicated task for plastic surgeons & orthopaedic surgeons. The present study aimed to prospectively evaluate the outcome of distally based sural flap for coverage of defects distal third of leg, ankle & foot. METHODS: In this study 15 patients with soft tissue defects on distal third of leg in (n=2), heel (n=4), medial malleolus (n=3), lateral malleolus (n=1), Achillis tendon (n=2), anterior ankle (n=2) and in dorsum of foot (n=1) were operated for coverage of defect by distally based sural flap...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874067/sural-flap-use-for-the-treatment-of-wounds-with-underlying-osteomyelitis-graft-size-a-predictor-in-outcome-a-systematic-review
#12
Sham Persaud, Anthony Chesser, Ryan Pereira, Adrianne Ross
The sural flap procedure is a versatile technique that can be used to cover many types of defects about the lower extremity. The management of soft tissue defects of the lower extremity with underlying osteomyelitis is difficult. The goal for any of these patients is to create a biomechanically stable foot for weight-bearing purposes with no continued infection. Data were gathered using multiple databases from the years 2000 to 2016. Data were compiled looking at the number of subjects, age, comorbidities, number of complications, number of failures, and average flap size of complications/failures...
December 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842095/functional-outcomes-after-heel-pad-reconstruction-a-review-of%C3%A2-7%C3%A2-cases
#13
Koh Khai Luen, Wan Azman Wan Sulaiman
Sensate, durable heel pad reconstruction is challenging. The present study assessed the functional outcomes after heel pad reconstruction using various flap techniques at our institution. From June 2011 to June 2016 (5-year period), 7 consecutive patients underwent heel pad reconstruction for various etiologies, with 3 microvascular free flaps (42.9%; 2 musculocutaneous flaps [66.7%] and 1 contralateral medial plantar flap [33.3%]) and 4 local pedicle flaps (57.1%; 3 instep medial plantar artery flaps [75.0%] and 1 distally based reverse sural flap [25...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792429/glabrous-flow-through-flaps-for-simultaneous-resurfacing-revascularization-and-reinnervation-of-digits
#14
Chao Chen, Liwen Hao, Wenhai Sun, Zengtao Wang, Zihai Ding, Shizhen Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Composite injuries of the volar surfaces of fingers are frequently associated with digital vessel and nerve damage. Flow-through glabrous flaps can provide esthetic tissue coverage as well as revascularization, and using a neurovascular flap, allows primary reconstruction of the digital nerve. METHODS: Between June 2010 and August 2014, we prospectively studied the use of Microsurgical flow-through glabrous flaps to achieve simultaneously digital revascularization and soft tissue coverage in 13 fingers of 12 patients who experienced volar injuries, comprising 6 great toe fibular flaps, 3 medial plantar flaps, 1 pedis medialis flap, and 3 hypothenar flaps...
November 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753219/the-retrograde-transverse-cervical-artery-as-a-recipient-vessel-for-free-tissue-transfer-in-complex-head-and-neck-reconstruction-with-a-vessel-depleted-neck
#15
Pedro Ciudad, Mouchammed Agko, Oscar J Manrique, Shivprasad Date, Kidakorn Kiranantawat, Wei Ling Chang, Fabio Nicoli, Federico Lo Torto, Michele Maruccia, Georgios Orfaniotis, Hung-Chi Chen
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction in a vessel-depleted neck is challenging. The success rates can be markedly decreased because of unavailability of suitable recipient vessels. In order to obtain a reliable flow, recipient vessels away from the zone of fibrosis, radiation, or infection need to be explored. The aim of this report is to present our experience and clinical outcomes using the retrograde flow coming from the distal transverse cervical artery (TCA) as a source for arterial inflow for complex head and neck reconstruction in patients with a vessel-depleted neck...
July 28, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746238/-sural-nerve-splitting-in-reverse-sural-artery-perforator-flap-anatomical-study-in-40-cadaver-legs
#16
Hyeonwoo Kim, Julong Hu, Hak Chang, Byung Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: The reverse sural artery perforator flap (RSAPF) has been widely used in reconstructions of the lower extremity. However, along with the high rate of flap necrosis, sural nerve (SN) injury is one of the most frequent complications. This cadaveric study investigated a simple SN preservation technique during RSAPF. METHODS: Anatomic dissection of the sural nerve was performed on 40 lower legs, from 20 cadavers, to investigate the pattern of SN distribution...
July 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713713/reverse-peroneal-artery-flap-for-large-heel-and-sole-defects-a-reliable-coverage
#17
Yogesh C Bhatt, Sumer Singh, Piyush Doshi, Sanjay G Vaghani
BACKGROUND: Large soft tissue defects of ankle and foot always have been challenging to reconstruct. Reverse sural flaps, free flaps have been used for this problem with variable success. Reverse peroneal artery flap is an option to use with reliability without microvascular repair. Connections of peroneal artery around talus and ankle joint are deep and reliable with anterior tibial and posterior tibial artery. Arterial inflow and venous drainage improved with including short saphenous vein and reverse sural artery in the flap...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698831/effectiveness-of-reverse-sural-artery-flap-in-the-management-of-wheel-spoke-injuries-of-the-heel
#18
Hafiz U Farooq, Rizwan Ishtiaq, Shabana Mehr, Sadia Ayub, Umer H Chaudhry, Anam Ashraf
OBJECTIVE: Soft tissue injuries at the level of lower extremities, plantar, and dorsal foot pose a surgical challenge for reconstructive surgeons. This kind of injury commonly occurs when lower limbs get stuck in between the spokes of the wheel. Reverse sural artery flap has been proven to be an effective option to cover such defects. The aim of this study is to analyze the demographic variables of affected individuals, technical aspects of reverse sural artery flap, quantify the effectiveness of reverse sural artery flap among various treatment options available, and to study the outcome of injury...
June 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642191/new-aspects-in-free-flap-surgery-mini-perforator-flaps-and-extracorporeal-flap-perfusion
#19
K-D Wolff
BACKGROUND: The scope of microvascular tissue transfer in the Head and Neck reaches from coverage of simple soft tissue defects to complex 3-D reconstructions using multiple or chimeric flaps. This paper summarises the presentation given at the Congress of the French Society of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Marseille 2017. It was the aim of our work to add further elements to this wide spectrum of reconstructive possibilities. METHODS: For patients with small intraoral soft tissue defects in whom the use of a radial forearm flap would not be justified because of its donor site morbidity, but who nevertheless would take a benefit from a small free flap, we used mini-perforator flaps from the lower leg...
September 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616759/is-dual-semitendinosus-allograft-stronger-than-turndown-for-achilles-tendon-reconstruction-an-in-vitro-analysis
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Michael C Aynardi, Lara C Atwater, Roshan Melvani, Brent G Parks, Adrian G Paez, Stuart D Miller
BACKGROUND: Large Achilles tendon defects pose a treatment challenge. The standard treatment with a turndown flap requires a large extensile incision, puts the sural nerve at risk, and demands slow, careful rehabilitation. Dual allograft semitendinosus reconstruction is a new clinical alternative that has the theoretical advantages of a smaller incision, less dissection, and a stronger construct that may allow for faster rehabilitation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: In a cadaver biomechanical model, we compared the dual allograft semitendinosus reconstruction with the myofascial turndown in terms of (1) mechanical strength and resistance to deformation and (2) failure mechanisms in reconstruction of large segmental Achilles defects...
October 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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