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Veterinary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125177/surgical-management-of-impalement-injuries-to-the-trunk-of-dogs-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#1
M Matiasovic, Z J Halfacree, A Moores, P Nelissen, S Woods, B Dean, G Chanoit, D C Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To review a large series of dogs referred for treatment of traumatic impalement injuries to the thorax and/or abdomen and to report aetiologies, injury characteristics, management and long-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previously collected data on dogs that were surgically treated for impalement injuries to the trunk at six veterinary specialist referral institutions in the UK over an 11-year period were reviewed. Data included patient signalment, physiological variables, injury-specific variables, diagnostic imaging reports, surgical procedures undertaken, duration of hospitalisation, antibiotic use, complications and outcomes...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121915/clinical-monitoring-of-cardiac-output-assessed-by-transoesophageal-echocardiography-in-anaesthetised-dogs-a-comparison-with-the-thermodilution-technique
#2
Matheus M Mantovani, Denise T Fantoni, André M Gimenes, Jacqueline R de Castro, Patrícia B Flor, Keila K Ida, Denise S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) is an important haemodynamic parameter to monitor in patients during surgery. However, the majority of the techniques for measuring CO have a limited application in veterinary practice due to their invasive approach and associated complexity and risks. Transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a technique used to monitor cardiac function in human patients during surgical procedures and allows CO to be measured non-invasively. This prospective clinical study aimed to compare the transoesophageal echocardiography using a transgastric view of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and the thermodilution (TD) technique for the assessment of CO during mean arterial pressure of 65-80 mmHg (normotension) and <65 mmHg (hypotension) in dogs undergoing elective surgery...
November 9, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097604/complications-and-outcomes-associated-with-13-cases-of-triceps-tendon-disruption-in-dogs-and-cats-2003-2014
#3
Naomi Frances Earley, Gemma Ellse, Adrian M Wallace, Kevin J Parsons, Katja Voss, Lauren C Pugliese, Andy P Moores, Richard Whitelock, Christoph Stork, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs, Heidi Radke
This study reports data from a larger number of cases of triceps tendon disruption. Records from 10 veterinary referral hospitals between 2003 and 2014 were searched for canine and feline cases diagnosed with triceps tendon disruption, based on orthopaedic examination confirmed during surgery. Long-term follow-up and owner satisfaction were assessed using a questionnaire. There were 13 cases of triceps tendon disruption diagnosed across seven hospitals (nine dogs, four cats). Trauma, history or presence of a wound, surgery in the region of tendon attachment or corticosteroid treatment preceded triceps tendon disruption...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094371/the-impact-of-postdischarge-surveillance-on-surgical-site-infection-diagnosis
#4
Danielle N Garcia Stickney, Kelley M Thieman Mankin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of postdischarge surveillance on surgical site infection (SSI) diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective enrollment with retrospective case review SAMPLE POPULATION: Dogs and cats (n = 1271) undergoing surgery April 2012-November 2013. METHODS: The medical record of each animal was reviewed and a 30-day follow-up questionnaire was sent to each pet owner. A standardized definition of SSI was used to identify all animals with SSI...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074336/the-role-of-fenestration-in-management-of-type-i-thoracolumbar-disk-degeneration
#5
REVIEW
Nick D Jeffery, Paul M Freeman
Fenestration offers the advantages of prophylaxis without the need for specialized instrumentation and imaging. Currently there is a lack of equipoise regarding the efficacy of fenestration relative to decompression for treatment of acute canine intervertebral disk herniation; most veterinary spinal surgeons do not consider the 2 procedures equivalently efficacious. Therapeutic fenestration should perhaps be given greater consideration, especially if advanced imaging shows only mild to moderate spinal cord compression or there are restrictions on the duration of surgery, when it might be better to spend the time on fenestration rather than decompression...
October 23, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067198/an-extended-release-local-anaesthetic-potential-for-future-use-in-veterinary-surgical-patients
#6
REVIEW
B Duncan X Lascelles, Kristin Kirkby Shaw
One of the most effective means of preventing the transduction and transmission of acute and perioperative pain is through the use of local anaesthetics. However, local anaesthetics currently available have a relatively short duration of action. Although there are several tools available to treat perioperative pain in companion animals, overall, there is an unmet need for products that can be administered in the clinic, and provide pain relief for the crucial first few days following surgery in the home environment...
November 2016: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051310/adverse-reactions-to-two-intravenous-antibiotics-augmentin-and-zinacef-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-in-dogs
#7
Mark James Gosling, Fernando Martínez-Taboada
Antibiotic prophylaxis in dogs undergoing surgical procedures frequently involves the administration of a product without a veterinary licence. Two drugs commonly used for this purpose are the clavulanate amoxicillin Augmentin and the cefuroxime Zinacef. This prospective observational study aims to compare the incidence of adverse events associated with these two antibiotics in a clinical setting. The authors hypothesised that a higher incidence of adverse effects would be observed with Augmentin. Sixty-five dogs were included in the study and adverse events were recorded using a modified scoring system...
October 19, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037433/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-small-animals
#8
REVIEW
Bianca F Hettlich
Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) seems to have many benefits for human patients and is currently used for various minor and major spine procedures. For MISS, a change in access strategy to the target location is necessary and it requires intraoperative imaging, special instrumentation, and magnification. Few veterinary studies have evaluated MISS for canine patients for spinal decompression procedures. This article discusses the general requirements for MISS and how these can be applied to veterinary spinal surgery...
October 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990691/comparison-of-2-training-programs-for-basic-laparoscopic-skills-and-simulated-surgery-performance-in-veterinary-students
#9
Chi-Ya Chen, Claude A Ragle, Rachael Lencioni, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 2 training curricula on laparoscopic skills and performance of simulated surgery in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students (n = 33) with no prior hands-on experience in minimally invasive surgery. METHODS: Basic laparoscopic skills (BLS) were assessed based on 5 modified McGill inanimate system for training and evaluation of laparoscopic skills...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967824/outcome-following-inhalation-anesthesia-in-birds-at-a-veterinary-referral-hospital-352-cases-2004-2014
#10
Amanda B Seamon, Erik H Hofmeister, Stephen J Divers
OBJECTIVE To determine the outcome in birds undergoing inhalation anesthesia and identify patient or procedure variables associated with an increased likelihood of anesthesia-related death. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 352 birds that underwent inhalation anesthesia. PROCEDURES Medical records of birds that underwent inhalation anesthesia from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2014, at a single veterinary referral hospital were reviewed. Data collected included date of visit, age, species, sex, type (pet, free ranging, or wild kept in captivity), body weight, body condition score, diagnosis, procedure, American Society of Anesthesiologists status, premedication used for anesthesia, drug for anesthetic induction, type of maintenance anesthesia, route and type of fluid administration, volumes of crystalloid and colloid fluids administered, intraoperative events, estimated blood loss, duration of anesthesia, surgery duration, recovery time, recovery notes, whether birds survived to hospital discharge, time of death, total cost of hospitalization, cost of anesthesia, and nadir and peak values for heart rate, end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide, concentration of inhaled anesthetic, and body temperature...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959931/use-of-poliglecaprone-25-for-perineal-urethrostomy-in-cats-61-cases-2007-2013
#11
Daniel L Frem, Heidi A Hottinger, Suzanne L Hunter, Nicholas J Trout
OBJECTIVE To determine frequency of postoperative complications in cats undergoing perineal urethrostomy (PU) in which poliglecaprone 25 was used for closure and identify possible predisposing factors for development of complications. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 61 cats that underwent PU. PROCEDURES Medical records for cats that underwent PU at Gulf Coast Veterinary Specialists between 2007 and 2012 were reviewed. Information regarding signalment, perioperative conditions, surgical procedures, treatments, and postoperative complications were obtained from medical records and by telephone follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959926/malignant-collision-tumors-in-two-dogs
#12
Jacqueline E Scott, Julius M Liptak, Barbara E Powers
CASE DESCRIPTION A 13-year-old Labrador Retriever with a 4-cm-diameter ulcerated perianal mass and a 12-year-old Golden Retriever with a 5-cm-diameter ulcerated caudolateral abdominal mass were brought to a referral oncology practice for evaluation of the dermal masses. Both masses were resected with wide margins without reported postoperative complications. For both dogs, a diagnosis of collision tumor was made. The database of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratories at Colorado State University was searched for other examples of collision tumors in dogs...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959923/incidence-of-blood-transfusion-requirement-and-factors-associated-with-transfusion-following-liver-lobectomy-in-dogs-and-cats-72-cases-2007-2015
#13
Kayla R Hanson, Armi M Pigott, Andrew K J Linklater
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of blood transfusion, mortality rate, and factors associated with transfusion in dogs and cats undergoing liver lobectomy. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 63 client-owned dogs and 9-client owned cats that underwent liver lobectomy at a specialty veterinary practice from August 2007 through June 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data extracted regarding dog and cat signalment, hematologic test results before and after surgery, surgical method, number and identity of lobes removed, concurrent surgical procedures, hemoabdomen detected during surgery, incidence of blood transfusion, and survival to hospital discharge (for calculation of mortality rate)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952177/electroretinography-is-a-prognostic-indicator-for-postoperative-vision-in-dogs-undergoing-retinal-reattachment-surgery
#14
Allison Hoffman, Steve Sisler, Marie Pappania, Kimberly Hsu, Maya Ross, Ron Ofri
PURPOSE: To determine whether pre-operative electroretinography (ERG) predicts postoperative vision in dogs undergoing retinal reattachment surgery (RRS). METHODS: This 18-month prospective study recorded signalment, duration, cause, and extent of retinal detachment and pre-operative vision status. Rod and mixed rod-cone ERG responses were recorded prior to RRS. Referring veterinary ophthalmologists assessed vision 2 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Thirty dogs (40 affected eyes) aged 4 months to 12...
September 27, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915921/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-a-goat-undergoing-craniectomy
#15
Verónica Vieitez, Ignacio Álvarez Gómez de Segura, Víctor López Rámis, Massimo Santella, Luis Javier Ezquerra
BACKGROUND: Cerebral coenurosis is a disease of the central nervous system in sheep and goats, and is usually fatal unless surgical relief is provided. Information regarding neuroanaesthesia in veterinary medicine in goats is scant. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe anaesthetic management of an intact female goat (2 years; 16 kg) presented for craniectomy. The goat was sedated with xylazine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.) and morphine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.). General anaesthesia was induced 20 min later with propofol and maintained with a constant rate infusion of propofol (0...
September 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892426/agreement-of-axillary-and-auricular-temperature-with-rectal-temperature-in-systemically-healthy-dogs-undergoing-surgery
#16
Brandy Cichocki, Danielle Dugat, Mark Payton
Obtaining a patient's temperature is an important part of a patient's physical examination. As human medicine transitions to noninvasive temperature measurements, so does veterinary medicine. Historically, temperature measurement has been obtained from rectal readings; however, alternative methods, such as axillary and auricular temperatures, are increasing in popularity. The purpose of the study was to compare these alternative techniques to the gold standard of rectal temperature. Temperatures were obtained three ways for each patient: rectal, axillary, and auricular...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892425/laparoscopic-resection-of-a-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-tumor-in-a-dog
#17
Janet Kovak Mcclaran, Philippa Pavia, Anthony J Fischetti, Taryn A Donovan
Laparoscopic partial pancreatectomy has been performed in experimental canine studies and has been evaluated in human medicine but has not been reported in a clinical veterinary case. The authors present a 9 yr old field spaniel with weakness and hypoglycemia with insulin levels and Amended Insulin: Glucose Ratio results equivocal for a pancreatic insulinoma. Multiple abdominal ultrasounds did not detect the tumor, yet dual-phase computed tomographic angiography revealed the presence of a focal hypoattenuating nodule in the left lobe of the pancreas...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892186/investigating-the-impact-of-innate-dexterity-skills-and-visuospatial-aptitude-on-the-performance-of-baseline-laparoscopic-skills-in-veterinary-students
#18
Mathew R A MacCormick, Jessica J Kilkenny, Meagan Walker, Alex Zur Linden, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To determine if manual dexterity and visuospatial skills can be used to predict baseline laparoscopic surgery skills in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. METHODS: Veterinary students (n = 45) from years 1-4 volunteered for this study. An hour-long electronic questionnaire was completed by participants. The first section was used to collect demographics and information about prior nonsurgical experiences. The second section included 3 tests of visuospatial skills, including the Purdue Visualization of Rotations Test, Mental Rotations Test, and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883121/a-life-with-horses
#19
Ben Jacklin
Ben Jacklin is equine director and consultant veterinary surgeon at CVS UK. He is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons and an RCVS and ECVS Specialist in equine surgery.
September 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809631/-comparison-between-the-range-of-movement-canine-real-cervical-spine-and-numerical-simulation-computer-model-validation
#20
R Srnec, Z Horák, R Sedláček, M Sedlinská, M Krbec, A Nečas
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In developing new or modifying the existing surgical treatment methods of spine conditions an integral part of ex vivo experiments is the assessment of mechanical, kinematic and dynamic properties of created constructions. The aim of the study is to create an appropriately validated numerical model of canine cervical spine in order to obtain a tool for basic research to be applied in cervical spine surgeries. For this purpose, canine is a suitable model due to the occurrence of similar cervical spine conditions in some breeds of dogs and in humans...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
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