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Veterinary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058947/the-learning-curve-for-veterinary-surgery-residents-performing-hemilaminectomy-surgeries-in-dogs
#1
Owen T Fink, Raymond C Boston, Tracy Wu, Dorothy Cimino Brown, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE To describe the learning curve for veterinary surgery residents performing hemilaminectomy surgeries in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case review and learning curve evaluation. SAMPLE 13 individuals who completed a 3-year surgery residency program at a university teaching hospital and who had no prior experience performing hemilaminectomies. PROCEDURES The 13 residents performed hemilaminectomies on 399 dogs between July 2006 and July 2013. Medical records were reviewed, and operative time was recorded...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057022/long-term-follow-up-on-recovery-return-to-use-and-sporting-activity-a-retrospective-study-of-236-operated-colic-horses-in-finland-2006-2012
#2
Isa Anna Maria Immonen, Ninja Karikoski, Anna Mykkänen, Tytti Niemelä, Jouni Junnila, Riitta-Mari Tulamo
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of colic is expensive and complications may occur. Information on the prognosis and the use of the horse after surgery for colic is important for surgeons and owners. Current literature on return to athletic function after celiotomy is limited. The present study reviewed surgical cases of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Helsinki, Finland for 2006-2012. The aim was to follow the population of horses of different breeds for surgical findings, postsurgical complications, long-term recovery and prognosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046159/technical-note-a-new-surgical-technique-for-ovariohysterectomy-during-early-pregnancy-in-beef-heifers
#3
K J McLean, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, M R Crosswhite, B W Neville, S D Walden, J S Caton
We hypothesized that a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure could be developed in beef heifers that would provide high quality tissues for addressing critical questions during early pregnancy, while concomitantly keeping livestock stewardship a high priority. To test the hypothesis, we: 1) developed a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure for use in beef heifers, and 2) implemented this procedure in a cohort of heifers up to d 50 of pregnancy for tissue collections, documentation of post-surgical recovery, and assessment of feedlot finishing performance...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990648/total-laparoscopic-gastropexy-using-1-simple-continuous-barbed-suture-line-in-63-dogs
#4
Joel D Takacs, Ameet Singh, J Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew, Michelle A Giuffrida, Ana V Caceres, W Alexander Fox-Alvarez, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and outcome of a single, simple continuous, barbed suture line for prophylactic, total laparoscopic gastropexy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center, retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Sixty-three client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records of dogs undergoing total laparoscopic gastropexy using a barbed suture at 4 academic veterinary hospitals from 2011-2015 were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, procedure time, procedure-associated complications, short-term complications, and long-term outcome...
December 19, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990009/distribution-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-mrcops-in-a-surgical-unit-and-cystotomy-operation-sites-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#5
Fungwithaya Punpichaya, Brikshavana Pasakorn, Chanchaithong Pattrarat, Prapasarakul Nuvee
This study aimed to investigate the spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (MRCoPS) among veterinary staff, hand-touch sites and surgical tissue during cystotomy operations on cats and dogs that were patients, and to analyze the genetic relatedness and antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolates. Human and environmental samples were obtained from the nasal passageways of 12 surgeons and veterinary assistants and from 29 hand-touch sites of instruments in operative units and subjected to bacterial isolation and enumeration...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968811/a-review-of-central-venous-pressure-and-its-reliability-as-a-hemodynamic-monitoring-tool-in-veterinary-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Kristen M Hutchinson, Scott P Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature regarding central venous pressure (CVP) in veterinary patients pertaining to placement (of central line), measurement, interpretation, use in veterinary medicine, limitations, and controversies in human medicine. ETIOLOGY: CVP use in human medicine is a widely debated topic, as numerous sources have shown poor correlation of CVP measurements to the volume status of a patient. Owing to the ease of placement and monitoring in veterinary medicine, CVP remains a widely used modality for evaluating the hemodynamic status of a patient...
September 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935666/comparison-of-transverse-computed-tomographic-excretory-urography-images-and-maximum-intensity-projection-images-for-diagnosing-ectopic-ureters-in-dogs
#7
Scott Secrest, Andrew Bugbee, Kenneth Waller, David A Jiménez
Computed tomographic maximum intensity projection (MIP) images have been shown to improve reader confidence in their diagnoses and to improve detection of vascular structures and pulmonary nodules. The objectives of this method comparison study were to compare transverse source computed tomographic excretory urography (CTEU) images to two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images for diagnosing canine ectopic ureters, compare reader confidence, and evaluate interobserver agreement. Two board-certified veterinary radiologists and a board-certified small animal internist blindly reviewed transverse source CTEU and two, five, and 10 slab thick MIP images of 24 dogs enrolled in the study...
December 9, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920899/diagnosing-clean-margins-through-raman-spectroscopy-in-human-and-animal-mammary-tumour-surgery-a-short-review
#8
REVIEW
I A Birtoiu, C Rizea, D Togoe, R M Munteanu, C Micsa, M I Rusu, M Tautan, L Braic, L O Scoicaru, A Parau, N D Becherescu-Barbu, M V Udrea, A Tonetto, R Notonier, C E A Grigorescu
Breast cancer frequency in human and other mammal female populations has worryingly increased lately. The acute necessity for taxonomy of the aetiological factors along with seeking for new diagnostic tools and therapy procedures aimed at reducing mortality have yielded in an intense research effort worldwide. Surgery is a regular method to counteract extensive development of breast cancer and prevent metastases provided that negative surgical margins are achieved. This highly technical challenge requires fast, extremely sensitive and selective discrimination between malignant and benign tissues even down to molecular level...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919727/patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-cats-felis-catus-50-cases-2000-2015
#9
A Bascuñán, K M Thieman Mankin, A B Saunders, J M Bright, V Scharf, A Singh, L O'Sullivan, B Brisson, A H Estrada, S P Tou, C Ruoff
OBJECTIVES: To describe signalment, clinical characteristics, diagnostic, treatment, and outcome data in a large case series of cats with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). ANIMALS: Fifty cats with confirmed PDA. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records from five referral veterinary hospitals for cats with PDA between 2000 and 2015. Cats were included if a PDA was visualized echocardiographically, during surgery, or on post-mortem examination...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890291/principles-and-applications-of-surgical-oncology-in-exotic-animals
#10
REVIEW
Michele A Steffey
The diagnosis and treatment of cancer in exotic species is a rapidly evolving area of veterinary medicine. In general, surgical excision remains pivotal in cancer treatment, although optimal outcomes are achieved when a coherent and thorough diagnostic and therapeutic plan is created prior to surgery. While surgical cure is not always achieveable, multimodal treatment plans can offer a variety of options, and palliative procedures may be used to improve quality of life. Treatment goals, whether curative intent or palliative intent, should be identified before surgery, and practitioners should endeavor to adhere to surgical principles in order to attain the best outcomes...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889218/single-stage-urethroplasty-for-perineal-hypospadias-in-a-horse-a-case-report
#11
Jade Harrison, Imran Mushtaq
INTRODUCTION: Within the veterinary world, data regarding the surgical management of hypospadias is lacking. Reports within equines have documented resective phallectomy procedures rather than urethral reconstruction. This case report documents the first ever urethroplasty for an equine hypospadias, performed by a consultant paediatric surgeon. The urethroplasty was achieved by applying the same surgical principles mastered from paediatric urology to a horse. The indication for surgery was contact dermatitis of the hind-leg, which impaired the thoroughbred foal's racing potential...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872724/are-magnetic-resonance-imaging-or-radiographic-findings-correlated-with-clinical-prognosis-in-spinal-cord-neuropathy
#12
Fatemeh Neshat Halati, Alireza Vajhi, Mohammad Molazem, Mohammad Mehdi Dehghan, Fereshteh Ansari
Dogs presented to the Small Animal Hospital of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran were included in the present study if spinal or intervertebral disc involvement was suspected. Clinical signs were recorded as well as general information of the patient such as age, breed and sex. Sixty dogs were examined radiographically and two standard orthogonal lateral and ventrodorsal projections were taken from the suspected region. Then magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for all patients. Agreement between MRI and radiographic findings, comparison of sex and breed with diagnostic imaging grades, comparison between diagnostic imaging grades and mean age, recovery rate after surgery or medical treatment, effects of diagnostic imaging severity grades on surgical or medical referrals were evaluated statistically...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868283/non-invasive-evaluation-of-skin-tension-lines-with-elastic-waves
#13
C Deroy, M Destrade, A Mc Alinden, A Ní Annaidh
BACKGROUND: Since their discovery by Karl Langer in the 19th Century, Skin Tension Lines (STLs) have been used by surgeons to decide the location and orientation of an incision. Although these lines are patient-specific, most surgeons rely on generic maps to determine their orientation. Beyond the imprecise pinch test, there remains no accepted method for determining STLs in vivo. METHODS: (i) The speed of an elastic motion travelling radially on the skin of canine cadavers was measured with a commercial device called the Reviscometer(®) ...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860168/use-of-a-350-mm-2-baerveldt-glaucoma-drainage-device-to-maintain-vision-and-control-intraocular-pressure-in-dogs-with-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study-2013-2016
#14
Kathleen L Graham, David Donaldson, Francis A Billson, F Mark Billson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 350-mm(2) Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in dogs with refractory glaucoma when modifications to address postoperative hypotony (extraluminal ligature; intraluminal stent) and the fibroproliferative response (intraoperative Mitomycin-C; postoperative oral colchicine and prednisolone) are implemented as reported in human ophthalmology. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight client-owned dogs (32 eyes) including seven dogs (nine eyes) with primary glaucoma and 21 dogs (23 eyes) with secondary glaucoma...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859751/subclinical-bacteriuria-in-older-cats-and-its-association-with-survival
#15
J D White, N J Cave, A Grinberg, D G Thomas, C Heuer
BACKGROUND: Bacterial urinary tract infections are uncommon in cats in general but the prevalence increases to 29% in older cats with comorbidities (Veterinary Clinical Pathology 2008, 37, 317; Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 2007, 9, 124; Veterinary Microbiology 2009, 136, 130). Frequently, the infections are subclinical. The clinical relevance of subclinical bacteriuria (SB) is uncertain, and the optimal treatment requires clarification. OBJECTIVE: Prospective, observational study to: (i) identify the prevalence and incidence count of SB in older (≥7 years), nonazotemic cats, (ii) evaluate specific risk factors for SB, and (iii) investigate the potential relationship between untreated SB and survival...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823365/description-of-the-prevalence-histologic-characteristics-concomitant-abnormalities-and-outcomes-of-mammary-gland-tumors-in-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus-100-cases-1990-2015
#16
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, M Kevin Keel, Dayna Goldsmith, Philip H Kass, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Michelle G Hawkins
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence, histologic characteristics, concomitant abnormalities, and outcomes for various types of mammary gland tumors in companion rats (Rattus norvegicus). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 100 client-owned rats. PROCEDURES Medical records of companion rats that had an SC mass and were examined at a veterinary teaching hospital between 1990 and 2015 were reviewed. Information regarding the signalment, age at mass detection, reproductive sterilization status, histologic diagnosis of the SC mass, location of the initial and all subsequent SC masses, treatments administered, and clinical outcomes was extracted from each record and summarized...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810205/electroporation-in-veterinary-oncology
#17
REVIEW
J Impellizeri, L Aurisicchio, P Forde, D M Soden
Cancer treatments in veterinary medicine continue to evolve beyond the established standard therapies of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. New technologies in cancer therapy include a targeted mechanism to open the cell membrane based on electroporation, driving therapeutic agents, such as chemotherapy (electro-chemotherapy), for local control of cancer, or delivery of gene-based products (electro-gene therapy), directly into the cancer cell to achieve systemic control. This review examines electrochemotherapy and electro-gene therapy in veterinary medicine and considers future directions and applications...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779917/impact-of-checklist-use-on-wellness-and-post-elective-surgery-appointments-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#18
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Heather Weir, Lori R Kogan
Cognitive functioning is often compromised with increasing levels of stress and fatigue, both of which are often experienced by veterinarians. Many high-stress fields have implemented checklists to reduce human error. The use of these checklists has been shown to improve the quality of medical care, including adherence to evidence-based best practices and improvement of patient safety. Although it has been recognized that veterinary medicine would likely demonstrate similar benefits, there have been no published studies to date evaluating the use of checklists for improving quality of care in veterinary medicine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771170/integrating-social-media-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery-an-analysis-of-patient-surgeon-and-hospital-use
#19
Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
October 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683680/rural-neurosurgical-and-spinal-laboratory-setup
#20
Adam Smith, Filippo Gagliardi, Nicholas Robert Pelzer, Jacob Hampton, Anthony Minh Tien Chau, Fiona Stewart, Pietro Mortini, Cristian Gragnaniello
BACKGROUND: Increasing focus has been placed on the use of simulation in neurosurgical and spinal surgical training worldwide, with the establishment of many surgical laboratories dedicated to such purpose. So far, the opportunities for hands-on cadaveric training in the areas of neurosurgery and spine surgery remain limited in Australia, owing to various factors, including the abolition of dissection in many medical schools, high maintenance requirements and widespread geographical distribution of surgical trainees...
December 2015: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
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