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Veterinary surgery

Marina V Mavromatis, Mauricio Solano, Michael Y Thelen
There are clear differences in the normal radiographic appearance of the abdominal organs between a left lateral vs. a right lateral view. While a few veterinary academic institutions have transitioned to a three-view abdominal radiographic study protocol, obtaining only two views of the canine abdomen remains the current standard in veterinary medicine. In this combined retrospective and prospective, case-controlled study, 48 canine patients presenting with signs of acute abdomen were recruited. Four board-certified veterinary radiologists and four general practice veterinarians with greater than 3 years of experience in small animal practice were asked to determine if 10 predetermined findings were present within the set of images and if surgery was recommended based on those findings...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Luís Belo, Isa Serrano, Eva Cunha, Carla Carneiro, Luis Tavares, L Miguel Carreira, Manuela Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Most of surgical site infections (SSI) are caused by commensal and pathogenic agents from the patient's microbiota, which may include antibiotic resistant strains. Pre-surgical asepsis of the skin is one of the preventive measures performed to reduce SSI incidence and also antibiotic resistance dissemination. However, in veterinary medicine there is no agreement on which biocide is the most effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two pre-surgical skin asepsis protocols in dogs...
March 14, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Gina E Bertocci, Nathan P Brown, Patrice M Mich
The objective of this study was to describe the patient population of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) deficiency that were prescribed a stifle orthosis. A total of 215 client-owned dogs with previously diagnosed CrCL deficiency were prescribed a stifle orthosis at a veterinary pain management and mobility clinic. Patient intake data collected included dog signalment, chief medical complaint, home environment and activity description, medical and surgical history, and diagnosing veterinarian. An orthopedic examination was conducted to assess pelvic limb function and determine pelvic limb morphologic measures...
December 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Géraldine Meyer, Florence Jegou, Jean-François Hamel, David Boels
AIM: Accidental inoculation of humans with veterinary vaccines can lead to early and late complications. The aim of our study is to describe these complications and their risk factors. METHODS: Prospective observational study conducted from 2007 to 2014 at Angers University Hospital's Poison Control Centre. The endpoints examined were: early and late locoregional complications, surgical treatment, and absence from work. The statistical analysis was based on a multivariate analysis...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
Georgina L Harris, David Brodbelt, David Church, Karen Humm, Paul D McGreevy, Peter C Thomson, Dan O'Neill
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for road traffic accidents (RTA) in dogs and describe the management and outcome of these dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary-care veterinary practices in the United Kingdom. ANIMALS: The study population included 199,464 dogs attending 115 primary-care clinics across the United Kingdom...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Nick Jeffery, C Elizabeth Boudreau, Megan Konarik, Travis Mays, Virginia Fajt
Background: Glyburide (also known as glibenclamide) is effective in reducing the severity of tissue destruction and improving functional outcome after experimental spinal cord injury in rodents and so has promise as a therapy in humans. There are many important differences between spinal cord injury in experimental animals and in human clinical cases, making it difficult to introduce new therapies into clinical practice. Spinal cord injury is also common in pet dogs and requires new effective therapies, meaning that they can act as a translational model for the human condition while also deriving direct benefits from such research...
2018: PeerJ
Kelli L Zimmerman, Shelby L Reinstein
OBJECTIVE: To describe a successful, simple treatment for canine distichiasis. ANIMALS STUDIED: Client-owned dogs presenting to Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Center, Levittown, Pennsylvania. PROCEDURE: Retrospective analysis of medical records for canine patients that underwent transconjunctival thermal electrocautery treatment (TCEC) for distichiasis alone or with concurrent eyelid surgery between 2013 and 2016. Fifty eyes of 26 dogs (n = 88 eyelids) were included in the study...
March 1, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Jane Dobson, Genilson Fernandes de Queiroz, Jon P Golding
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an evolving method of treating superficial tumours that is non-invasive and carries minimal risk of toxicity. It combines tumour-selective photosensitiser dyes, tissue oxygen and targeted illumination to generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the tumour. In addition to directly acting on tumour cells, PDT damages and restricts tumour microvasculature, and causes a local inflammatory response that stimulates an immune response against the tumour. Unlike surgery or radiotherapy, the surrounding extracellular matrix is unaffected by PDT; thus, tissue healing is excellent and PDT seldom causes scars...
March 2018: Veterinary Journal
Curt Ritchie
Performing oral surgery in dogs can present unique challenges. Among those challenges are the varying size and anatomical shape of the oral cavity in veterinary patients. Very small dogs and brachycephalic breeds provide limited exposure to the caudal maxilla. With the addition of an endotracheal tube and tie, the operating window can be quite limited and difficult to visualize and instrument. The following is a simple yet effective step-by-step procedure of tension-free closure of maxillary molar extractions in the dog...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
Kipp Wingo
This retrospective study documents the prevalence of various histopathological diagnoses within a practice specializing in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery. Histopathology results obtained from biopsies of oral lesions from 403 dogs and 73 cats were sorted and categorized. Lesions of inflammatory origin represented the most common histopathology result in cats (n = 37; 51%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (n = 27; 37%). The most common histopathological diagnoses in dogs were malignant neoplasms (n = 151; 37%), followed by tumors of odontogenic origin (n = 138, 34%) and lesions of inflammatory origin (n = 114; 28%)...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
I Airikkala-Otter, L Gamble, S Mazeri, I G Handel, B M de C Bronsvoort, R J Mellanby, N V Meunier
BACKGROUND: Surgical sterilisation is currently the method of choice for controlling free-roaming dog populations. However, there are significant logistical challenges to neutering large numbers of dogs in low-resource clinics. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of short-term surgical complications in a low-resource sterilisation clinic which did not routinely administer post-operative antibiotics. The medical records of all sterilisation surgeries performed in 2015 at the Worldwide Veterinary Service International Training Centre in Tamil Nadu, India were reviewed (group A) to assess immediate surgical complications...
February 27, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Kayleigh E Mitchell, Jane F Turton, David H Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter species can exhibit widespread resistance to antimicrobial agents. They are already recognized as important nosocomial pathogens of humans, but are becoming increasingly recognized in opportunistic infections of animals. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether Acinetobacter spp. are carried on skin of healthy dogs and, if present, to identify the species. ANIMALS: Forty dogs were sampled at veterinary practices and rescue centres...
February 11, 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
Rafał Sapierzyński
A 15-year-old spayed female domestic short-haired cat with cutaneous/subcutaneous well-circumscribed, alopecic mass approximately 25 × 30 mm in diameter, localized to the left shoulder region was brought to the veterinary surgery department. Despite the suggestive location and macroscopic appearance, feline injection-site sarcoma was not suspected based on the cytologic examination of fine-needle aspirates. The tumor was surgically resected, and tissue sections were evaluated microscopically. The tumor was found to be nonencapsulated with a distinct border between the neoplastic parenchyma and surrounding connective tissue...
February 8, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Melanie L Church, Daniel R Priehs, Heidi Denis, Lara Croft, Stacy DiRocco, Michelle Davis
OBJECTIVE: To describe surgical technique, postoperative complications, and visual outcome in penguins after phacoemulsification lens extraction surgery. ANIMALS STUDIED: Twenty-one penguins (27 eyes) that had phacoemulsification from 2011 to 2015 at Animal Eye Associates. Species included are as follows: 14 southern Rockhopper (18 eyes, 66.6%), 4 Gentoo (4 eyes, 19%), 2 King (3 eyes, 9.5%), and 1 Chinstrap penguin (2 eyes, 4.8%). Eleven of the penguins were females, and 10 were males with average age at the time of surgery being 27...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Miriam Hilbert, Isabella Csadek, Ulrike Auer, Friederike Hilbert
In the past, the horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance genes was mainly associated with conjugative plasmids or transposons, whereas transduction by bacteriophages was thought to be a rare event. In order to analyze the likelihood of transduction of antimicrobial resistance in the field of clinical veterinary medicine, we isolated phages from Escherichia coli from a surgery suite of an equine clinic. In a pilot study, the surgery suite of a horse clinic was sampled directly after surgery and subsequently sampled after cleaning and disinfection following a sampling plan based on hygiene, surgery, and anesthesia...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
Christine Hsueh, Michelle Giuffrida, Philipp D Mayhew, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Eric Monnet, David E Holt, Megan Cray, Chiara Curcillo, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe pet owner preferences within the veterinary community when choosing operative techniques for canine spay. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: 1234 respondents from 5 veterinary university teaching hospitals in North America. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to faculty, students, and staff that currently are or previously were dog owners. Responses were analyzed to determine what spay technique respondents would choose for their own dogs...
February 5, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Eric M Zellner, Michael J Hale, Karl H Kraus
OBJECTIVE: To report the application of a plate to treat a complicated calcaneal tendon rupture and the resulting outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report. ANIMALS: A 3-year-old Labrador retriever. METHODS: A 3-year-old Labrador retriever was treated for a partially ruptured calcaneal tendon. Two primary tendon repairs with sutures and external fixation had failed. A veterinary cuttable plate was placed to internally span the tendon over the primary repair...
February 2, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Kathleen L Graham, Evelyn J S Hall, Charles Caraguel, Andrew White, Francis A Billson, F Mark Billson
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes following trans-scleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCP) and 350-mm2 Baerveldt implantation in the treatment of canine refractory glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective case study. CASE SELECTION: Client owned dogs undergoing surgical treatment of glaucoma within a veterinary referral hospital. PROCEDURES: Eighty-six glaucoma surgeries were performed on 83 eyes (69 dogs) diagnosed with primary or secondary glaucoma...
January 31, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Rebekah Knight, Alan Danielski
Tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) is commonly performed for surgical management of cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. It has been suggested that small dogs may have steeper tibial plateau angles (TPAs) than large dogs, which has been associated with increased complication rates after TPLO. A retrospective study was performed to assess the rate and nature of long-term complications following TPLO in small dogs with TPAs>30°. Medical records were reviewed for dogs with TPAs>30° treated for CCL rupture by TPLO with a 2...
January 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
Mario Dolera, Luca Malfassi, Nancy Carrara, Sara Finesso, Silvia Marcarini, Giovanni Mazza, Simone Pavesi, Massimo Sala, Gaetano Urso
Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) is a modern technique, widely used in human radiotherapy, which allows a high dose to be delivered to tumor volumes and low doses to the surrounding organs at risk (OAR). Veterinary clinics takes advantage of this feature due to the small target volumes and distances between the target and the OAR. Sparing the OAR permits dose escalation, and hypofractionation regimens reduce the number of treatment sessions with a simpler manageability in the veterinary field. Multimodal volumes definition is mandatory for the small volumes involved and a positioning device precisely reproducible with a setup confirmation is needed before each session for avoiding missing the target...
January 24, 2018: Cancers
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