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Veterinary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312629/fluorescence-guided-surgery-for-cancer-patients-a-proof-of-concept-study-on-human-xenografts-in-mice-and-spontaneous-tumors-in-pets
#1
Eliane Mery, Muriel Golzio, Stephanie Guillermet, Didier Lanore, Augustin Le Naour, Benoît Thibault, Anne Françoise Tilkin-Mariamé, Elizabeth Bellard, Jean Pierre Delord, Denis Querleu, Gwenael Ferron, Bettina Couderc
Surgery is often the first treatment option for patients with cancer. Patient survival essentially depends on the completeness of tumor resection. This is a major challenge, particularly in cases of peritoneal carcinomatosis, where tumors are widely disseminated in the large peritoneal cavity. Any development to help surgeons visualize these residual cells would improve the completeness of the surgery. For non-disseminated tumors, imaging could be used to ensure that the tumor margins and the draining lymph nodes are free of tumor deposits...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295577/attitudes-of-veterinary-teaching-staff-and-exposure-of-veterinary-students-to-early-age-desexing-with-review-of-current-early-age-desexing-literature
#2
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288239/late-onset-recurrence-of-neurological-deficits-after-surgery-for-spinal-arachnoid-diverticula
#3
Emili Alcoverro, James Fraser McConnell, Daniel Sanchez-Masian, Luisa De Risio, Steven De Decker, Rita Gonçalves
Spinal cord dysfunction secondary to spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) has been widely reported in the veterinary literature and there is some suggestion that surgical treatment may provide better outcomes than medical treatment. Despite this, previous reports have mentioned cases with recurrence of clinical signs following surgical treatment but the cause for this has not been further investigated. The medical records of seven dogs and one cat which presented for investigation of recurrence of neurological deficits at least six months after surgery for SAD were retrospectively reviewed...
December 29, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275300/three-dimensional-printing-based-reconstruction-of-a-maxillary-bone-defect-in-a-dog-following-tumor-removal
#4
Se Eun Kim, Kyung Mi Shim, Kwangsik Jang, Jin-Hyung Shim, Seong Soo Kang
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has been applied extensively not only in human, but also veterinary medicine. However, the technique is still used in the clinical area for a surgical plan or education prior to surgery. Thus, we report a case of reconstruction after tumor removal surgery with the use of a 3D-printed scaffold. A 12-year-old female mixed dog had a left caudal maxillary mass. Based on computed tomography images, a defect was confirmed on the maxillary bone due to the oral mass, and a surgical plan was designed to remove the oral mass and graft the 3D printed scaffold...
January 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244609/outcomes-in-dogs-with-uroabdomen-43-cases-2006-2015
#5
Janet A Grimes, Jon M Fletcher, Chad W Schmiedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of and factors associated with survival to hospital discharge in dogs with uroabdomen. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 43 dogs with uroabdomen confirmed at 2 veterinary teaching hospitals from 2006 through 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data extracted regarding cause and location of urinary tract rupture, serum creatinine concentration and other variables at hospital admission, and outcomes. Variables were tested for associations with survival to hospital discharge...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244602/association-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-preoperative-tumor-volume-with-postsurgical-survival-time-in-dogs-with-primary-intracranial-glioma
#6
Jeffrey D MacLellan, Susan A Arnold, Aditya C Dave, Matthew A Hunt, G Elizabeth Pluhar
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between preoperative volume of primary intracranial gliomas in dogs as determined via MRI and survival time after surgical debulking and adjunctive immunotherapy. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS 47 client-owned dogs enrolled in clinical trials regarding glioma treatments. PROCEDURES Medical records of all dogs undergoing craniotomy at the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medicine Center with histologically confirmed glioma between 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed, and outcome data were collected...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228960/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-use-and-impact-of-the-danish-national-antibiotic-use-guidelines-for-companion-animal-practice
#7
Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Tina Møller Sørensen, Zenia Littau Lilja, Maja Kristensen, Tine Hald, Peter Damborg
BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation...
December 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227037/prospective-transfrontal-sheep-model-of-skull-base-reconstruction-using-vascularized-mucosa
#8
Sarina K Mueller, George Scangas, Mansor M Amiji, Benjamin S Bleier
BACKGROUND: No high-fidelity animal model exists to examine prospective wound healing following vascularized reconstruction of the skull base. Such a model would require the ability to study the prospective behavior of vascularized mucosal repairs of large dural and arachnoid defects within the intranasal environment. The objective of this study was to therefore develop and validate a novel, in vivo, transfrontal sheep model of cranial base repair using vascularized sinonasal mucosa. METHODS: Twelve transfrontal craniotomy and 1...
December 11, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218712/disposable-skin-staplers-for-closure-of-linear-gastrointestinal-incisions-in-dogs
#9
Zeev Schwartz, Bradley R Coolman
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical features and outcomes of linear gastrointestinal incisions closed with skin staples in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. ANIMALS: 333 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records from 1 private referral hospital were searched for dogs that underwent gastrointestinal surgery between November 1999 and October 2015. Cases were included if skin staplers were used to close linear gastrointestinal incisions...
December 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218302/canine-soft-tissue-sarcomas-can-being-a-dog-s-best-friend-help-a-child
#10
Bernard Séguin
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) remain a therapeutic challenge for pediatric and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients. Still today, surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy remain the mainstay of treatment. Obstacles in developing new treatment approaches to improve the outcome are: few patients to enroll in clinical trials, and the diversity of tumor biology between histologic subtypes. Pet dogs may offer an additional strategy to discover and test new therapeutic avenues. The number of dogs diagnosed with a STS each year in the United States is estimated to be around 27,000 to 95,000...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207250/a-survey-of-dog-and-cat-anaesthesia-in-a-sample-of-veterinary-practices-in-new-zealand
#11
H Sano, K Barker, T Odom, K Lewis, P Giordano, V Walsh, J P Chambers
AIMS: To survey current anaesthesia practices for dogs and cats in small and mixed animal practices in New Zealand in order to improve anaesthesia education. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 440 small and mixed animal practices, including questions regarding the type of practice, preanaesthetic examination, anaesthetic drugs and management, anaesthetic machines, monitoring and topics of interest for continuing professional development. RESULTS: Responses were obtained from 113/440 (26%) practices, with 78 (69%) respondents from small and 35 (31%) from mixed animal practices...
December 5, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205503/gallbladder-mucocele-variables-associated-with-outcome-and-the-utility-of-ultrasonography-to-identify-gallbladder-rupture-in-219-dogs-2007-2016
#12
J A Jaffey, A Graham, E VanEerde, E Hostnik, W Alvarez, J Arango, C Jacobs, A E DeClue
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder mucocele (GBM) is an increasingly recognized extrahepatic biliary disease in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To investigate cases of GBM and identify variables associated with survival and the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography to identify gallbladder rupture. ANIMALS: Two hundred and nineteen client-owned dogs with GBM. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective study of dogs with GBM, presented from January 2007 to November 2016 to 6 academic veterinary hospitals in the United States...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205404/a-quilting-subcutaneous-suture-pattern-to-reduce-seroma-formation-and-pain-24-hours-after-midline-celiotomy-in-dogs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Blake M Travis, Galina M Hayes, K Vissio, H J Harvey, James A Flanders, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of a quilting suture pattern tacking the subcutaneous tissues to the deep fascia on complications after midline celiotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, blinded, controlled trial conducted in a veterinary teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Four hundred thirty-two dogs undergoing midline celiotomy for ovariohysterectomy (n = 249) or other abdominal procedures (n = 183). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to (1) a quilting group, subcutaneous tissue with apposition plus tacking to the rectus fascia or (2) a nonquilting group, with apposition of subcutaneous tissue without tacking...
December 3, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203936/incidence-of-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-following-a-splenectomy-in-238-dogs
#14
Lynn C Maki, Kristina N Males, Madeline J Byrnes, Anthony A El-Saad, George S Coronado
There is contradicting information in the veterinary literature regarding canine splenectomy and the increased risk for subsequent gastric dilatation-volvulus. The main purpose of this study was to determine the rate of occurrence of gastric dilatation-volvulus following splenectomy in medium to large breed dogs compared with a control group undergoing other abdominal procedures. Follow-up was performed by reviewing the medical records and conducting phone interviews. Weight, gender, and presence of a hemoabdomen at the time of surgery were not significantly associated with occurrence of gastric dilatation-volvulus, while increasing age was...
December 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#15
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172960/pantarsal-arthrodesis-in-cats-using-orthogonal-plating
#16
Diego N Alza Salvatierra, Philip G Witte, Harry W Scott, Clare Catchpole
Case series summary Pantarsal arthrodesis (PTA) was performed in seven tarsi of six cats, using orthogonal (dorsal and medial) veterinary cuttable plates (VCPs) without postoperative external coaptation. Short-term outcomes, arthrodesis progression and complications were assessed using a retrospective review of case notes (veterinary examination) and radiographs. Long-term outcomes were assessed via owner questionnaire (Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index [FMPI]). Mean angle of PTA was 136° (range 116-166°)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169630/kinetic-analysis-of-canine-gait-on-the-effect-of-failure-tendon-repair-and-tendon-graft
#17
Yu-Shiuan Cheng, Ramona Reisdorf, Alyssa Vrieze, Steven L Moran, Peter C Amadio, Kai-Nan An, Chunfeng Zhao
Kinetic analysis of canine gait has been extensively studied, including normal and abnormal gait. However, no research has looked into how flexor tendon injury and further treatment would affect the walking pattern comparing to the uninjured state. Therefore, this study was aimed to utilize a portable pressure walkway system, which has been commonly used for pedobarographic and kinetic analysis in the veterinary field, to examine the effect of a failed tendon repair and tendon graft reconstruction on canine digit kinetics during gait...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165804/intrahepatic-congenital-portosystemic-shunts-in-dogs-short-and-long-term-outcome-of-suture-attenuation
#18
M S Tivers, V J Lipscomb, P Bristow, D J Brockman
OBJECTIVES: To report the short- and long-term outcomes of one- or two-staged suture attenuation for complete closure of intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of dogs surgically treated for intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts between February 2000 and March 2015. Long-term follow-up was conducted by telephone conversations with the referring veterinary surgeon, owner, or both. RESULTS: In total, 55 dogs had suture attenuation of their intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunt; 10 dogs (18·2%) tolerated complete attenuation, whilst 45 dogs (81·8%) tolerated partial attenuation...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157155/work-environment-and-occupational-risk-assessment-for-small-animal-portuguese-veterinary-activities
#19
Angela C Macedo, Vânia T Mota, João M Tavares, Osvaldo L Machado, Francisco X Malcata, Marinela P Cristo, Olga N Mayan
The professional work of small animal veterinary staff encompasses a wide diversity of demanding tasks. This has prompted a number of studies covering physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic or psychological hazards, as well as their health effects upon veterinary workers. However, such results were obtained from self-reported surveys (via paper or online). This study reports the identification of potential hazards and provides a risk assessment of 15 veterinary clinics based on data from walk-through surveys, interviews with workers, and quantification of indoor air quality parameters including concentration of volatile organic compounds (total, isoflurane and glutaraldehyde)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125177/surgical-management-of-impalement-injuries-to-the-trunk-of-dogs-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#20
M Matiasovic, Z J Halfacree, A Moores, P Nelissen, S Woods, B Dean, G Chanoit, D C Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To review a large series of dogs referred for treatment of traumatic impalement injuries to the thorax and/or abdomen and to report aetiologies, injury characteristics, management and long-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previously collected data on dogs that were surgically treated for impalement injuries to the trunk at six veterinary specialist referral institutions in the UK over an 11-year period were reviewed. Data included patient signalment, physiological variables, injury-specific variables, diagnostic imaging reports, surgical procedures undertaken, duration of hospitalisation, antibiotic use, complications and outcomes...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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