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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327067/common-carotid-artery-ligation-to-minimize-blood-loss-during-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#1
Alice E Goodman, Andrew R Goodman
Oral and maxillofacial surgery in veterinary medicine carries the risk of severe hemorrhage due to the great vascular supply of the head. Temporary hemostasis can be achieved with the application of pressure or hemostatic agents, but more definitive treatment may be needed to ensure bleeding will not resume once the patient is awake and normotensive. (1 , 2) Actively bleeding vessels encountered during maxillofacial surgery may be inaccessible, and vessels may recoil into bone, sometimes preventing definitive ligation...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319274/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-for-soft-tissue-sarcoma-differentiation-and-margin-identification
#2
Kelly J Mesa, Laura E Selmic, Paritosh Pande, Guillermo L Monroy, Jennifer Reagan, Jonathan Samuelson, Elizabeth Driskell, Joanne Li, Marina Marjanovic, Eric J Chaney, Stephen A Boppart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcomas are rare but highly aggressive tumors, and local recurrence after surgical excision can occur in up to 50% cases. Therefore, there is a strong clinical need for accurate tissue differentiation and margin assessment to reduce incomplete resection and local recurrence. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and a novel image texture-based processing algorithm to differentiate sarcoma from muscle and adipose tissue...
March 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298948/penetrating-palpebral-grass-awn-in-a-dog-unusual-case-of-a-penetrating-grass-awn-in-an-eyelid
#3
Andrea Marchegiani, Alessandro Fruganti, Matteo Cerquetella, Maria Paola Cassarani, Fulvio Laus, Andrea Spaterna
An unusual case of a penetrating grass awn in an eyelid of a dog is reported. A 6-month-old mixed breed dog was referred to the Ophthalmology Unit of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Camerino University for anorexia, lethargy, left monolateral ocular swelling and pain to the left eye, present from 1 month. Ophthalmic examination of the left eye showed copious and purulent discharge, and ultrasonography revealed the presence of an abscess containing a grass foreign body. The grass awn was surgically removed...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295616/associations-between-anesthetic-variables-and-functional-outcome-in-dogs-with-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disk-extrusion-undergoing-decompressive-hemilaminectomy
#4
J Fenn, E Laber, K Williams, C A Rousse, P J Early, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, S De Decker, H A Volk, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Outcome of acute experimental spinal cord injury is strongly associated with tissue perfusion and oxygenation. Cardiopulmonary depression could affect outcome in dogs undergoing general anesthesia for surgical treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion (IVDE). HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of general anesthesia on functional outcome in dogs undergoing surgery to treat thoracolumbar IVDE. ANIMALS: Eighty-four client-owned dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDE treated by decompressive hemilaminectomy...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282229/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-early-compared-to-late-enteral-nutrition-in-canine-septic-peritonitis
#5
Jamie Elizabeth Hoffberg, Amy Koenigshof
Septic peritonitis is a relatively common condition in the veterinary intensive care unit, with a classically high mortality rate. Early enteral nutrition (EEN) in critically ill humans can lead to improved outcome. This study was performed to determine the safety of early postoperative feeding in canine septic peritonitis. In this retrospective case series, 56 dogs were identified. Sixteen dogs received EEN, defined as nutrition within 24 hr of surgery; 27 received late enteral nutrition (LEN) defined as nutrition more than 24 hours following surgery; and 13 dogs had no enteral nutrition in hospital (NEN)...
March 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270541/safety-culture-the-nottingham-veterinary-safety-culture-survey-nvscs
#6
C Oxtoby, L Mossop, K White, E Ferguson
Safety culture is a vital concept in human healthcare because of its influence on staff behaviours in relation to patient safety. Understanding safety culture is essential to ensure the acceptance and sustainability of changes, such as the introduction of safe surgery checklists. While widely studied and assessed in human medicine, there is no tool for its assessment in veterinary medicine. This paper therefore presents initial data on such an assessment: the Nottingham Veterinary Safety Culture Survey (NVSCS)...
March 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251651/effect-of-the-%C3%AE-2-receptor-agonists-medetomidine-detomidine-xylazine-and-romifidine-on-the-ketamine-metabolism-in-equines-assessed-with-enantioselective-capillary-electrophoresis
#7
Friederike A Sandbaumhüter, Regula Theurillat, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger, Wolfgang Thormann
The combination of ketamine and an α2 -receptor agonist is often used in veterinary medicine. Four different α2 -receptor agonists, medetomidine, detomidine, xylazine and romifidine, which differ in their chemical structure and thus in selectivity for the α2 -receptor and in the sedative and analgesic potency, are typically employed during surgery of equines. Recovery following anesthesia with ketamine and an α2 -receptor agonist is dependent on the α2 -receptor agonist. This prompted us to investigate i) the inhibition characteristics for the N-demethylation of ketamine to norketamine and ii) the formation of the ketamine metabolites norketamine, 6-hydroxynorketamine (6HNK) and 5,6-dehydronorketamine (DHNK) in presence of the four α2 -receptor agonists and equine liver microsomes...
March 2, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241842/survey-of-otitis-externa-in-american-cocker-spaniels-in-finland
#8
Mirja Kaimio, Leena Saijonmaa-Koulumies, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori
BACKGROUND: American Cocker Spaniels are overrepresented among breeds that require surgery as a treatment of end-stage otitis externa. However, the prevalence of otitis externa (OE) in this breed remains unknown. We reviewed the year 2010 medical records of 55 private veterinary clinics in Finland to determine the prevalence of OE in American Cocker Spaniels compared with English Cocker and English and Welsh Springer Spaniels. An American Cocker Spaniel owner questionnaire was designed to identify potential risk factors for end-stage OE...
February 28, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208720/doxorubicin-conjugated-to-glutathione-stabilized-gold-nanoparticles-au-gsh-dox-as-an-effective-therapeutic-agent-for-feline-injection-site-sarcomas-chick-embryo-chorioallantoic-membrane-study
#9
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Izabella Dolka, Magdalena Król, Artur Żbikowski, Wiktor Lewandowski, Józef Mieczkowski, Michał Wójcik, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas are malignant skin tumours with a high local recurrence rate, ranging from 14% to 28%. The treatment of feline injection-site sarcomas includes radical surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. In our previous study it has been demonstrated that doxorubicin conjugated to glutathione-stabilized gold nanoparticles (Au-GSH-Dox) has higher cytotoxic effects than free doxorubicin for feline fibrosarcoma cell lines with high glycoprotein P activity (FFS1, FFS3). The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of intratumoural injection of Au-GSH-Dox on the growth of tumours from the FFS1 and FFS3 cell lines on chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane...
February 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166482/post-exposure-rabies-prophylaxis-in-humans-exposed-to-animals-in-lublin-province-eastern-poland-in-2012-2015-a-retrospective-study
#10
Joanna Krzowska-Firych, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz, Agata Kozøowska
Rabies continues to be one of the most important viral diseases and remains a significant threat to public health across the globe. The post-exposure prophylaxis in humans can effectively prevent death after exposure to a potentially infected animal. In Poland, recommendations for rabies PEP followed the national guidelines which recommend that people should receive PEP when bitten by an animal suspected to be infected by rabies. PEP in humans includes cleansing and disinfecting the wound or point of contact, and administering anti-rabies immunization...
February 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122484/anatomic-peculiarities-of-pig-and-human-liver
#11
Andriy Nykonenko, Petr Vávra, Pavel Zonča
Many investigations on surgical methods and medical treatment are currently done on pigs. This is possible because the pig is sufficiently close genetically to humans. In recent years, progress in liver surgery has opened new possibilities in surgical treatment of liver diseases. Because the methods are relatively novel, various improvements are still needed, and it is thus helpful to conduct experimental surgeries on pig livers. We reviewed the literature to compare the anatomic and functional features of pig and human livers, information that will be of great importance for improving surgical techniques...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122159/hypothermia-and-targeted-temperature-management-in-cats-and-dogs
#12
Andrea Brodeur, Annie Wright, Yonaira Cortes
OBJECTIVE: To review current knowledge surrounding the effects, treatment, and prognosis of hypothermia in people, dogs, and cats, as well as the application of therapeutic hypothermia in clinical medicine. ETIOLOGY: Hypothermia may be a primary or secondary condition, and may be due to environmental exposure, illness, medications, anesthesia, or trauma. Hypothermia has been applied therapeutically in human medicine for a variety of conditions, including postcardiac arrest...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121211/heated-intravenous-fluids-alone-fail-to-prevent-hypothermia-in-cats-under-general-anaesthesia
#13
Geraldine Jourdan, Caroline Didier, Erwan Chotard, Sandra Jacques, Patrick Verwaerde
Objectives The objective was to evaluate the clinical efficiacy of a constant rate infusion of heated fluid as the sole means of preventing intraoperative hypothermia in cats. Methods This randomised, prospective, clinical study was conducted at a university teaching veterinary hospital. Female cats (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] grade I) undergoing elective surgery by laparotomy under general anaesthesia (acepromazine 0.05 mg/kg SC; morphine 0.2 mg/kg IV; propofol IV titrated, isoflurane 2% in 100% oxygen) were randomised in two groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118835/pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-unilateral-onychectomy-model-and-efficacy-of-an-extended-release-buprenorphine-product
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Masataka Enomoto, Patricia D Kigin, David Bledsoe, Robyn Slone, Jonathan Hash, Charles E Smith, B Duncan X Lascelles
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), transdermal fentanyl patches, and transmucosal buprenorphine are probably the most commonly used options for providing post-operative analgesia in the early at-home period. However, these require daily administration or are associated with abuse concerns. One of the significant unmet needs in veterinary surgery and pain management is for longer acting opioids for cats to effectively bridge the gap between the in-hospital and at-home recovery periods...
January 24, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058947/the-learning-curve-for-veterinary-surgery-residents-performing-hemilaminectomy-surgeries-in-dogs
#15
Owen T Fink, Raymond C Boston, Tracy Wu, Dorothy Cimino Brown, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE To describe the learning curve for veterinary surgery residents performing hemilaminectomy surgeries in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case review and learning curve evaluation. SAMPLE 13 individuals who completed a 3-year surgery residency program at a university teaching hospital and who had no prior experience performing hemilaminectomies. PROCEDURES The 13 residents performed hemilaminectomies on 399 dogs between July 2006 and July 2013. Medical records were reviewed, and operative time was recorded...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057022/long-term-follow-up-on-recovery-return-to-use-and-sporting-activity-a-retrospective-study-of-236-operated-colic-horses-in-finland-2006-2012
#16
Isa Anna Maria Immonen, Ninja Karikoski, Anna Mykkänen, Tytti Niemelä, Jouni Junnila, Riitta-Mari Tulamo
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of colic is expensive and complications may occur. Information on the prognosis and the use of the horse after surgery for colic is important for surgeons and owners. Current literature on return to athletic function after celiotomy is limited. The present study reviewed surgical cases of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Helsinki, Finland for 2006-2012. The aim was to follow the population of horses of different breeds for surgical findings, postsurgical complications, long-term recovery and prognosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046159/technical-note-a-new-surgical-technique-for-ovariohysterectomy-during-early-pregnancy-in-beef-heifers
#17
K J McLean, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, M R Crosswhite, B W Neville, S D Walden, J S Caton
We hypothesized that a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure could be developed in beef heifers that would provide high quality tissues for addressing critical questions during early pregnancy, while concomitantly keeping livestock stewardship a high priority. To test the hypothesis, we: 1) developed a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure for use in beef heifers, and 2) implemented this procedure in a cohort of heifers up to d 50 of pregnancy for tissue collections, documentation of post-surgical recovery, and assessment of feedlot finishing performance...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990648/total-laparoscopic-gastropexy-using-1-simple-continuous-barbed-suture-line-in-63-dogs
#18
Joel D Takacs, Ameet Singh, J Brad Case, Philipp D Mayhew, Michelle A Giuffrida, Ana V Caceres, W Alexander Fox-Alvarez, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use and outcome of a single, simple continuous, barbed suture line for prophylactic, total laparoscopic gastropexy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center, retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Sixty-three client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records of dogs undergoing total laparoscopic gastropexy using a barbed suture at 4 academic veterinary hospitals from 2011-2015 were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, procedure time, procedure-associated complications, short-term complications, and long-term outcome...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990009/distribution-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-positive-staphylococci-mrcops-in-a-surgical-unit-and-cystotomy-operation-sites-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#19
Punpichaya Fungwithaya, Pasakorn Brikshavana, Pattrarat Chanchaithong, Nuvee Prapasarakul
This study aimed to investigate the spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-positive staphylococci (MRCoPS) among veterinary staff, hand-touch sites and surgical tissue during cystotomy operations on cats and dogs that were patients, and to analyze the genetic relatedness and antimicrobial resistance profiles of the isolates. Human and environmental samples were obtained from the nasal passageways of 12 surgeons and veterinary assistants and from 29 hand-touch sites of instruments in operative units and subjected to bacterial isolation and enumeration...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968811/a-review-of-central-venous-pressure-and-its-reliability-as-a-hemodynamic-monitoring-tool-in-veterinary-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Kristen M Hutchinson, Scott P Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature regarding central venous pressure (CVP) in veterinary patients pertaining to placement (of central line), measurement, interpretation, use in veterinary medicine, limitations, and controversies in human medicine. ETIOLOGY: CVP use in human medicine is a widely debated topic, as numerous sources have shown poor correlation of CVP measurements to the volume status of a patient. Owing to the ease of placement and monitoring in veterinary medicine, CVP remains a widely used modality for evaluating the hemodynamic status of a patient...
September 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
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