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Veterinary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#1
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621602/resolution-of-nonurine-transudative-pleural-effusion-in-a-cat-after-removal-of-a-hydronephrotic-kidney
#2
Maura E Duffy, Andrew J Specht, Ahmira R Torres, May-Li Cuypers
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-year-old spayed female Bengal cat was evaluated because of a history of bilateral pleural effusion and hydronephrosis of the right kidney. CLINICAL FINDINGS Cytologic analysis of a pleural fluid sample revealed characteristics of a pure transudate with a high percentage of lymphocytes. Results of fluid biochemical testing were not consistent with urine or chyle. Serum biochemical analysis and echocardiography yielded no evidence of hypoalbuminemia or high hydrostatic pressure secondary to cardiac disease...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621591/rates-of-intraoperative-complications-and-conversion-to-laparotomy-during-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-performed-by-veterinary-students-161-cases-2010-2014
#3
Adam M Nylund, Adam Drury, Heather Weir, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE To assess rates of intraoperative complications and conversion to laparotomy associated with supervised veterinary students performing laparoscopic ovariectomy in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 161 female shelter dogs for which elective laparoscopic ovariectomy had been performed by supervised senior (fourth-year) veterinary students from 2010 through 2014. PROCEDURES Medical records of all dogs were reviewed and data collected regarding duration of surgery, surgical complications and other characteristics, and whether conversion to laparotomy was required...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616391/opioid-free-anaesthesia-in-three-dogs
#4
Donna M White, Alastair R Mair, Fernando Martinez-Taboada
Opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) is a relatively new and growing field in human medicine. There are multiple motivations behind this emerging practice with the recognition of several serious potential opioid-related adverse effects including opioid induced hyperalgesia, opioid tolerance and immunomodulatory effects of opioids. Opioids have long been the mainstay of veterinary anaesthesia and pain management practice. The feasibility of OFA in veterinary patients is presented here. A case series of three dogs that underwent OFA for canine ovariohysterectomy is reported...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594945/participatory-evaluation-of-delivery-of-animal-health-care-services-by-community-animal-health-workers-in-karamoja-region-of-uganda
#5
James Bugeza, Clovice Kankya, James Muleme, Ann Akandinda, Joseph Sserugga, Noelina Nantima, Edward Okori, Terence Odoch
AIM: An evaluation exercise was carried out to assess the performance of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) in the delivery of animal health care services in Karamoja region, identify capacity gaps and recommend remedial measures. MATERIALS & METHODS: Participatory methods were used to design data collection tools. Questionnaires were administered to 204 CAHWs, 215 farmers and 7 District Veterinary Officers (DVOs) to collect quantitative data. Seven DVOs and 1 Non Government Organization (NGO) representative were interviewed as key informants and one focus group discussion was conducted with a farmer group in Nakapiripirit to collect qualitative data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571496/occupational-variation-in-end-of-life-care-intensity
#6
Joseph A Hyder, R Sterling Haring, Daniel Sturgeon, Priscilla K Gazarian, Wei Jiang, Zara Cooper, Stuart R Lipsitz, Holly G Prigerson, Joel S Weissman
BACKGROUND: End-of-life (EOL) care intensity is known to vary by secular and geographic patterns. US physicians receive less aggressive EOL care than the general population, presumably the result of preferences shaped by work-place experience with EOL care. OBJECTIVE: We investigated occupation as a source of variation in EOL care intensity. METHODS: Across 4 states, we identified 660 599, nonhealth maintenance organization Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥66 years who died between 2004 and 2011...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559706/flap-surgical-techniques-for-incisional-hernia-recurrences-a-swine-experimental-model
#7
Florina Popa, Filip Ardelean, Cosmin Pestean, Robert Purdoiu, Oana Rosca, Alexandru Georgescu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the age of synthetic prostheses most of hernia studies include a careful examination of the various types of prosthesis, their characteristics and their repair indications. Biological prostheses are also beginning to draw attention. But in terms of recurrence especially for poor or developing countries, the discussion is different, due to their high cost which makes them difficult to afford. In this article we present new flap reconstruction techniques for the reconstruction of the abdominal wall versus mesh repair, applied on swine models, outline the results of each technique, and specify the indications for their use...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557023/muscular-workload-of-veterinary-students-during-simulated-open-and-laparoscopic-surgery-a-pilot-study
#8
Jessica Kilkenny, Dennis J Larson, Mathew MacCormick, Stephen H M Brown, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To compare upper extremity muscle activity and workload between simulated open surgery, multiple port laparoscopic surgery (MLS), and single incision laparoscopic surgery (SLS) techniques in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. POPULATION: Veterinary students (n = 10) from years 1 to 4. METHODS: Bipolar skin surface electrodes were fixed bilaterally to the forearm flexor, forearm extensor, biceps brachii, triceps brachii, and upper trapezius muscles...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556532/feline-large-granular-lymphocyte-lymphoma-an-italian-society-of-veterinary-oncology-sioncov-retrospective-study
#9
R Finotello, M E Vasconi, S Sabattini, C Agnoli, C Giacoboni, M Annoni, A Dentini, G Bettini, P Guazzi, D Stefanello, E Bottero, P Mesto, R Marinelli, C De Feo, L Marconato
Feline large granular lymphocyte (LGL) lymphoma is an uncommon subtype of lymphoma characterized by a grave prognosis and scarce response to chemotherapy. There are limited reports on clinico-pathological and prognostic factors. One-hundred and 9 cats with newly diagnosed LGL lymphoma that underwent initial staging (including hematology, serum biochemistry, thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasound), and followed-up were retrospectively evaluated. LGL lymphoma was localized within the gastrointestinal tract with or without extra-intestinal involvement in 91...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#10
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555942/a-review-of-chromatographic-methods-for-ketamine-and-its-metabolites-norketamine-and-dehydronorketamine
#11
REVIEW
Eylem Funda Göktaş, Filiz Ariöz
Ketamine has a synthetic, sedative, non-barbiturate and fast-acting anesthetic properties and it is commonly used in both humans and veterinary surgery. There are many analytical methods available for the qualitative and quantitative determination of Ketamine and its metabolites. This review gives information for the implementation of methods to support ketamine and its metabolites studies in researchs and it could be useful in forensic sciences in addition to doping control, human and animal clinical surgery...
May 27, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528758/comparison-of-arterial-blood-pressure-measurements-obtained-invasively-or-oscillometrically-using-a-datex-s-5-compact-monitor-in-anaesthetised-adult-horses
#12
Tyfane T Yamaoka, Derek Flaherty, Patricia Pawson, Marian Scott, Adam Auckburally
OBJECTIVE: To assess agreement between noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) oscillometrically-derived values from a multiparameter monitor (Datex Ohmeda S/5 Compact) with those obtained by invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement in anaesthetised horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 healthy adult horses. METHODS: Horses were anaesthetised with various anaesthetic protocols (based on clinical requirements)...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509639/factors-associated-with-simulator-assessed-laparoscopic-surgical-skills-of-veterinary-students
#13
Jessica J Kilkenny, Ameet Singh, Carolyn L Kerr, Deep K Khosa, Boel A Fransson
OBJECTIVE To determine whether simulator-assessed laparoscopic skills of veterinary students were associated with training level and prior experience performing nonlaparoscopic veterinary surgery and other activities requiring hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity. DESIGN Experiment. SAMPLE 145 students without any prior laparoscopic surgical or fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) simulator experience in years 1 (n = 39), 2 (34), 3 (39), and 4 (33) at a veterinary college. PROCEDURES A questionnaire was used to collect data from participants regarding experience performing veterinary surgery, playing video games, and participating in other activities...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490330/comparative-measurements-of-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-contrast-values-in-canine-femora-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-conventional-digital-radiography
#14
K Lucas, I Nolte, V Galindo-Zamora, M Lerch, C Stukenborg-Colsman, B A Behrens, A Bouguecha, S Betancur, A Almohallami, P Wefstaedt
BACKGROUND: Aseptic loosening due to bone remodelling processes after total hip replacement is one common cause for revision surgery. In human medicine, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the gold standard for quantitative evaluation of bone mineral density, whereas in veterinary medicine conventional radiography is used for follow-up studies. Recently, a method has been described using digital X-ray images for quantitative assessment of grey scale values of bone contrast. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation of bone mineral density (BMD) measured by DEXA with grey scale values (GV) measured in digital X-ray images (RX50, RX66) ex vivo...
May 11, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428483/a-retrospective-study-of-anesthesia-for-subcutaneous-ureteral-bypass-placement-in-cats-27-cases
#15
Geneviève C Luca, Beatriz P Monteiro, Marilyn Dunn, Paulo Vm Steagall
The goals of this retrospective clinical case series study were to describe the management of anesthesia, and to report perioperative complications in cats undergoing subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) placement due to ureteral obstruction. Medical records of client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction and anesthetized for SUB placement between 2012 and 2015 in a veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed. Twenty-seven cases were identified. Duration of anesthesia and surgery (mean ± standard deviation) were 215 ± 42 min and 148 ± 36 min, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407253/treatment-of-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures-following-plateless-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-to-manage-cranial-cruciate-disease
#16
R De Sousa, P Egan, K Parsons, S Butterworth, I Calvo, S Roch, A P Moores
OBJECTIVE: To report diaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate stabilisation for the management of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs. METHODS: Members of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association's online discussion forum were invited to submit revision cases of tibial diaphyseal fracture following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate fixation. Data collected included signalment, surgical revision technique, pre- and postoperative revision radiographic findings, complications and veterinary assessment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399884/mammary-gland-tumors-in-a-male-cocker-spaniel
#17
Soon-Chan Kwon, Dae-Young Yoo, Minho Ko, Kwon-Young Lee, Ho-Hyun Kwak, In-Chul Park, In-Koo Hwang, Jung-Hoon Choi, Jin-Young Chung
BACKGROUND: Mammary gland tumors are the most common tumors in sexually intact female dogs; however, they are rare in male dogs. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between sexual hormones and mammary gland tumors in a male dog. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old, intact male Cocker Spaniel presented to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Kangwon National University, Republic of Korea, with an acute right ruptured caudal abdominal mass. Physical examination revealed a 14 × 14 cm ruptured mass in the right caudal abdomen, as well as a 1...
April 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#18
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390062/outcome-of-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-for-resection-of-unilateral-noninvasive-adrenocortical-tumors-in-11-cats
#19
Jeffrey W Mitchell, Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, J Brad Case, Ameet Singh, Mark C Fuller, Ann Della Maggiore
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique and outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) in cats with adrenocortical neoplasia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eleven client-owned cats with unilateral adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of cats that underwent LA for unilateral functional adrenal tumors at 3 veterinary teaching hospitals were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, clinical signs, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging results, preoperative laboratory tests, laparoscopic port placement and techniques, duration of anesthesia and surgery, complications, concomitant procedures, need for conversion to an open celiotomy, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative survival...
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381369/reliability-of-video-recordings-to-evaluate-quality-of-anesthesia-recovery-in-dogs
#20
Jennifer E Copeland, Erik H Hofmeister, Benjamin M Brainard, Jane E Quandt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of using video recordings to evaluate anesthesia recovery in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: A total of 30 dogs undergoing surgery. METHODS: Recovery monitoring and video recording lasted from extubation until 1 hour later. Scoring was done in real time at the end of the hour by a graduate student using three systems: a simple descriptive scale, visual analog scale and numeric rating scale...
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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