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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890291/principles-and-applications-of-surgical-oncology-in-exotic-animals
#1
REVIEW
Michele A Steffey
The diagnosis and treatment of cancer in exotic species is a rapidly evolving area of veterinary medicine. In general, surgical excision remains pivotal in cancer treatment, although optimal outcomes are achieved when a coherent and thorough diagnostic and therapeutic plan is created prior to surgery. While surgical cure is not always achieveable, multimodal treatment plans can offer a variety of options, and palliative procedures may be used to improve quality of life. Treatment goals, whether curative intent or palliative intent, should be identified before surgery, and practitioners should endeavor to adhere to surgical principles in order to attain the best outcomes...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889218/single-stage-urethroplasty-for-perineal-hypospadias-in-a-horse-a-case-report
#2
Jade Harrison, Imran Mushtaq
INTRODUCTION: Within the veterinary world, data regarding the surgical management of hypospadias is lacking. Reports within equines have documented resective phallectomy procedures rather than urethral reconstruction. This case report documents the first ever urethroplasty for an equine hypospadias, performed by a consultant paediatric surgeon. The urethroplasty was achieved by applying the same surgical principles mastered from paediatric urology to a horse. The indication for surgery was contact dermatitis of the hind-leg, which impaired the thoroughbred foal's racing potential...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872724/are-magnetic-resonance-imaging-or-radiographic-findings-correlated-with-clinical-prognosis-in-spinal-cord-neuropathy
#3
Fatemeh Neshat Halati, Alireza Vajhi, Mohammad Molazem, Mohammad Mehdi Dehghan, Fereshteh Ansari
Dogs presented to the Small Animal Hospital of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran were included in the present study if spinal or intervertebral disc involvement was suspected. Clinical signs were recorded as well as general information of the patient such as age, breed and sex. Sixty dogs were examined radiographically and two standard orthogonal lateral and ventrodorsal projections were taken from the suspected region. Then magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed for all patients. Agreement between MRI and radiographic findings, comparison of sex and breed with diagnostic imaging grades, comparison between diagnostic imaging grades and mean age, recovery rate after surgery or medical treatment, effects of diagnostic imaging severity grades on surgical or medical referrals were evaluated statistically...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868283/non-invasive-evaluation-of-skin-tension-lines-with-elastic-waves
#4
C Deroy, M Destrade, A Mc Alinden, A Ní Annaidh
BACKGROUND: Since their discovery by Karl Langer in the 19th Century, Skin Tension Lines (STLs) have been used by surgeons to decide the location and orientation of an incision. Although these lines are patient-specific, most surgeons rely on generic maps to determine their orientation. Beyond the imprecise pinch test, there remains no accepted method for determining STLs in vivo. METHODS: (i) The speed of an elastic motion travelling radially on the skin of canine cadavers was measured with a commercial device called the Reviscometer(®) ...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860168/use-of-a-350-mm-2-baerveldt-glaucoma-drainage-device-to-maintain-vision-and-control-intraocular-pressure-in-dogs-with-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study-2013-2016
#5
Kathleen L Graham, David Donaldson, Francis A Billson, F Mark Billson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 350-mm(2) Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device (GDD) in dogs with refractory glaucoma when modifications to address postoperative hypotony (extraluminal ligature; intraluminal stent) and the fibroproliferative response (intraoperative Mitomycin-C; postoperative oral colchicine and prednisolone) are implemented as reported in human ophthalmology. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-eight client-owned dogs (32 eyes) including seven dogs (nine eyes) with primary glaucoma and 21 dogs (23 eyes) with secondary glaucoma...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859751/subclinical-bacteriuria-in-older-cats-and-its-association-with-survival
#6
J D White, N J Cave, A Grinberg, D G Thomas, C Heuer
BACKGROUND: Bacterial urinary tract infections are uncommon in cats in general but the prevalence increases to 29% in older cats with comorbidities (Veterinary Clinical Pathology 2008, 37, 317; Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery 2007, 9, 124; Veterinary Microbiology 2009, 136, 130). Frequently, the infections are subclinical. The clinical relevance of subclinical bacteriuria (SB) is uncertain, and the optimal treatment requires clarification. OBJECTIVE: Prospective, observational study to: (i) identify the prevalence and incidence count of SB in older (≥7 years), nonazotemic cats, (ii) evaluate specific risk factors for SB, and (iii) investigate the potential relationship between untreated SB and survival...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823365/description-of-the-prevalence-histologic-characteristics-concomitant-abnormalities-and-outcomes-of-mammary-gland-tumors-in-companion-rats-rattus-norvegicus-100-cases-1990-2015
#7
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, M Kevin Keel, Dayna Goldsmith, Philip H Kass, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Michelle G Hawkins
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence, histologic characteristics, concomitant abnormalities, and outcomes for various types of mammary gland tumors in companion rats (Rattus norvegicus). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 100 client-owned rats. PROCEDURES Medical records of companion rats that had an SC mass and were examined at a veterinary teaching hospital between 1990 and 2015 were reviewed. Information regarding the signalment, age at mass detection, reproductive sterilization status, histologic diagnosis of the SC mass, location of the initial and all subsequent SC masses, treatments administered, and clinical outcomes was extracted from each record and summarized...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810205/electroporation-in-veterinary-oncology
#8
REVIEW
J Impellizeri, L Aurisicchio, P Forde, D M Soden
Cancer treatments in veterinary medicine continue to evolve beyond the established standard therapies of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. New technologies in cancer therapy include a targeted mechanism to open the cell membrane based on electroporation, driving therapeutic agents, such as chemotherapy (electro-chemotherapy), for local control of cancer, or delivery of gene-based products (electro-gene therapy), directly into the cancer cell to achieve systemic control. This review examines electrochemotherapy and electro-gene therapy in veterinary medicine and considers future directions and applications...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779917/impact-of-checklist-use-on-wellness-and-post-elective-surgery-appointments-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#9
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Heather Weir, Lori R Kogan
Cognitive functioning is often compromised with increasing levels of stress and fatigue, both of which are often experienced by veterinarians. Many high-stress fields have implemented checklists to reduce human error. The use of these checklists has been shown to improve the quality of medical care, including adherence to evidence-based best practices and improvement of patient safety. Although it has been recognized that veterinary medicine would likely demonstrate similar benefits, there have been no published studies to date evaluating the use of checklists for improving quality of care in veterinary medicine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771170/integrating-social-media-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-surgery-an-analysis-of-patient-surgeon-and-hospital-use
#10
Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
October 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683680/rural-neurosurgical-and-spinal-laboratory-setup
#11
Adam Smith, Filippo Gagliardi, Nicholas Robert Pelzer, Jacob Hampton, Anthony Minh Tien Chau, Fiona Stewart, Pietro Mortini, Cristian Gragnaniello
BACKGROUND: Increasing focus has been placed on the use of simulation in neurosurgical and spinal surgical training worldwide, with the establishment of many surgical laboratories dedicated to such purpose. So far, the opportunities for hands-on cadaveric training in the areas of neurosurgery and spine surgery remain limited in Australia, owing to various factors, including the abolition of dissection in many medical schools, high maintenance requirements and widespread geographical distribution of surgical trainees...
December 2015: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670937/advances-in-endoscopic-surgery-for-small-animal-reproduction
#12
N Katic, G Dupré
Although endoscopic surgery entered its "golden era" in the mid-1980s, it is still advancing at a tremendous pace. Novel surgical techniques and devices are continuously developed and applied, and new indications (and/or contraindications) for the use of endoscopic surgery are routinely reported in the literature and subjected to systematic assessments. Although endoscopic surgery (laparoscopy in particular) has already become established as the gold standard in human medicine, it has yet to be proven as a viable alternative to open surgery in the field of veterinary medicine...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670935/determination-of-gestational-time-and-prediction-of-parturition-in-dogs-and-cats-an-update
#13
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646049/survey-of-uk-based-veterinary-surgeons-opinions-on-the-use-of-surgery-and-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-canine-high-grade-mast-cell-tumour-splenic-haemangiosarcoma-and-appendicular-osteosarcoma
#14
D A Barker, R D Foale, M A Holmes, J L Demetriou
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of recommendation of adjuvant chemotherapy by UK-based general veterinary practitioners (GVPs) for canine patients with high-grade mast cell tumours (HGMCTs), splenic haemangiosarcomas (SHSs) and appendicular osteosarcomas (AOSs); to determine which chemotherapeutic protocols are used by GVPs; and to evaluate reasons why chemotherapy may or may not be recommended postoperatively. An internet survey was created in 2013 using an online programme and was distributed to GVPs...
September 19, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627693/magnetic-resonance-imaging-treatment-and-outcome-of-canine-vertebral-chondrosarcomas-six-cases
#15
P F P Roynard, A Bilderback, C Falzone, J D Stefanacci, G B Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, treatments and outcomes of canine vertebral chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of dogs with confirmed vertebral chondrosarcoma and magnetic resonance imaging of the lesions, from four different veterinary referral institutions. RESULTS: A total of six dogs were included in this report. In all cases, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lobulated mass involving the dorsal vertebral compartment, markedly hyperintense with few foci of hypointensity on T2-weighted images, iso to hypointense on T1-weighted images with contrast enhancement after gadolinium administration...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614773/surgery-of-the-umbilicus-and-related-structures
#16
Aubrey N Baird
Ruminants of all types requiring umbilical surgery can be affected by a number of different conditions. However, the practitioner should be able to correct any of these conditions surgically, especially in young animals, as a field procedure if appropriate restraint and environment are available. Like other aspects of veterinary practice, the individual must decide what services he or she wishes to offer clients in their practice and which ones will be referred. The objective of this article is to equip veterinarians who wish to treat umbilical masses surgically with the information they need...
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614590/unilateral-absence-of-the-right-pulmonary-artery-with-associated-aortopulmonary-collaterals-and-bullous-lung-lesions-in-a-dog
#17
S Birch, D Casamian-Sorrosal, S Fonfara, G Chanoit, C Warren-Smith
This case report describes a combination of congenital cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in a 1-year-old Labrador Retriever. To the authors' knowledge this combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities has not been previously reported in veterinary medicine. Unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery associated with unilateral right-sided aortopulmonary collaterals was observed. These aortopulmonary collaterals preserved the blood supply to the right lung lobes but led to left ventricular volume overload...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596377/normal-computed-tomographic-features-and-reference-values-for-the-coelomic-cavity-in-pet-parrots
#18
Irene A Veladiano, Tommaso Banzato, Luca Bellini, Alessandro Montani, Salvatore Catania, Alessandro Zotti
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity gained by pet birds over recent decades has highlighted the role of avian medicine and surgery in the global veterinary scenario; such a need for speciality avian medical practice reflects the rising expectation for high-standard diagnostic imaging procedures. The aim of this study is to provide an atlas of matched anatomical cross-sections and contrast-enhanced CT images of the coelomic cavity in three highly diffused psittacine species. RESULTS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomographic studies of the coelomic cavity were performed in 5 blue-and-gold macaws, 4 African grey parrots and 6 monk parakeets by means of a 4-multidetector-row CT scanner...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585104/comparison-of-clinical-findings-and-short-term-survival-between-horses-with-intestinal-entrapment-in-the-gastrosplenic-ligament-and-horses-with-intestinal-entrapment-in-the-epiploic-foramen
#19
Isabelle Kilcoyne, Julie E Dechant, Jorge E Nieto
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical findings and short-term outcome for horses with intestinal entrapment in the gastrosplenic ligament (GLE) with those of horses with intestinal entrapment in the epiploic foramen (EFE). DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 43 horses with GLE (cases) and 73 horses with EFE (controls). PROCEDURES Medical records of horses examined because of colic at a veterinary teaching hospital between 1992 and 2012 were reviewed. Signalment was extracted from medical records for all horses with colic (colic population), and additional information regarding colic history, clinical findings, treatments, and outcome was extracted from the records of horses in which GLE or EFE was diagnosed during surgery or necropsy...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578201/does-categorisation-of-lymphoma-subtypes-according-to-the-world-health-organization-classification-predict-clinical-outcome-in-cats
#20
Birgitt Wolfesberger, Ondrej Skor, Sabine E Hammer, Irene Flickinger, Miriam Kleiter, Barbara C Rütgen, Ilse Schwendenwein, Alexander Tichy, Katharina M Hittmair, Brigitte Degasperi, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to specify lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in a group of cats and to investigate their potential prognostic value. METHODS: Records of cats from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna suffering from lymphoma were reviewed in this retrospective study. To diagnose various subtypes specified in the WHO classification, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, as well as clonality assays in some cases, were performed...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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