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Veterinary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915921/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-a-goat-undergoing-craniectomy
#1
Verónica Vieitez, Ignacio Álvarez Gómez de Segura, Víctor López Rámis, Massimo Santella, Luis Javier Ezquerra
BACKGROUND: Cerebral coenurosis is a disease of the central nervous system in sheep and goats, and is usually fatal unless surgical relief is provided. Information regarding neuroanaesthesia in veterinary medicine in goats is scant. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe anaesthetic management of an intact female goat (2 years; 16 kg) presented for craniectomy. The goat was sedated with xylazine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.) and morphine (0.05 mg kg(-1), i.m.). General anaesthesia was induced 20 min later with propofol and maintained with a constant rate infusion of propofol (0...
September 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892426/agreement-of-axillary-and-auricular-temperature-with-rectal-temperature-in-systemically-healthy-dogs-undergoing-surgery
#2
Brandy Cichocki, Danielle Dugat, Mark Payton
Obtaining a patient's temperature is an important part of a patient's physical examination. As human medicine transitions to noninvasive temperature measurements, so does veterinary medicine. Historically, temperature measurement has been obtained from rectal readings; however, alternative methods, such as axillary and auricular temperatures, are increasing in popularity. The purpose of the study was to compare these alternative techniques to the gold standard of rectal temperature. Temperatures were obtained three ways for each patient: rectal, axillary, and auricular...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892425/laparoscopic-resection-of-a-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-tumor-in-a-dog
#3
Janet Kovak Mcclaran, Philippa Pavia, Anthony J Fischetti, Taryn A Donovan
Laparoscopic partial pancreatectomy has been performed in experimental canine studies and has been evaluated in human medicine but has not been reported in a clinical veterinary case. The authors present a 9 yr old field spaniel with weakness and hypoglycemia with insulin levels and Amended Insulin: Glucose Ratio results equivocal for a pancreatic insulinoma. Multiple abdominal ultrasounds did not detect the tumor, yet dual-phase computed tomographic angiography revealed the presence of a focal hypoattenuating nodule in the left lobe of the pancreas...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892186/investigating-the-impact-of-innate-dexterity-skills-and-visuospatial-aptitude-on-the-performance-of-baseline-laparoscopic-skills-in-veterinary-students
#4
Mathew R A MacCormick, Jessica J Kilkenny, Meagan Walker, Alex Zur Linden, Ameet Singh
OBJECTIVE: To determine if manual dexterity and visuospatial skills can be used to predict baseline laparoscopic surgery skills in veterinary students. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study. METHODS: Veterinary students (n = 45) from years 1-4 volunteered for this study. An hour-long electronic questionnaire was completed by participants. The first section was used to collect demographics and information about prior nonsurgical experiences. The second section included 3 tests of visuospatial skills, including the Purdue Visualization of Rotations Test, Mental Rotations Test, and Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices Test...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883121/a-life-with-horses
#5
Ben Jacklin
Ben Jacklin is equine director and consultant veterinary surgeon at CVS UK. He is a diplomate of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons and an RCVS and ECVS Specialist in equine surgery.
September 9, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809631/-comparison-between-the-range-of-movement-canine-real-cervical-spine-and-numerical-simulation-computer-model-validation
#6
R Srnec, Z Horák, R Sedláček, M Sedlinská, M Krbec, A Nečas
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In developing new or modifying the existing surgical treatment methods of spine conditions an integral part of ex vivo experiments is the assessment of mechanical, kinematic and dynamic properties of created constructions. The aim of the study is to create an appropriately validated numerical model of canine cervical spine in order to obtain a tool for basic research to be applied in cervical spine surgeries. For this purpose, canine is a suitable model due to the occurrence of similar cervical spine conditions in some breeds of dogs and in humans...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749265/emergency-anesthesia-and-exploratory-laparotomy-in-a-compromised-pacific-white-sided-dolphin-lagenorhynchus-obliquidens
#7
Justin F Rosenberg, Martin Haulena, James E Bailey, Dean A Hendrickson, Marina Ivančić, Stephen A Raverty
Anesthesia and surgery in cetaceans have inherent risks and have rarely been utilized as viable treatment options. This report represents the first known multidisciplinary team approach to emergency laparotomy in a compromised, 22-yr-old, female Pacific white-sided dolphin ( Lagenorhynchus obliquidens ). The inciting clinical signs and ancillary diagnostics were consistent with a mechanical ileus. Although no torsion or obstruction was apparent during surgery, severe enteritis and peritonitis were noted. Postoperatively, the animal was maintained on aggressive medical management with continuous supportive care until succumbing 3 days later with clinical pathology indicative of terminal sepsis and profound inflammation...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737999/effect-of-laparotomy-on-the-pituitary-adrenal-axis-in-dogs
#8
Emily J Skovira, Ellen N Behrend, Linda G Martin, Lee E Palmer, Robert J Kemppainen, Hollie P Lee
OBJECTIVE To assess effects of major abdominal surgery on serum cortisol and aldosterone and plasma canine ACTH (cACTH) concentrations. ANIMALS 39 healthy dogs undergoing laparotomy during veterinary student surgical laboratories. PROCEDURES Blood samples were obtained before and at completion of surgery. Serum cortisol and aldosterone and plasma cACTH concentrations were measured by use of validated radioimmunoassays. Changes in concentrations (postoperative concentration minus preoperative concentration) were calculated...
August 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725113/cystic-duct-pressures-after-ligation-with-a-novel-absorbable-device-in-an-ex-vivo-caprine-cholecystectomy-model
#9
Andrea J Sundholm Tepper, Odd V Höglund, Bonnie G Campbell, Chi-Ya Chen, Boel A Fransson
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the standard of care in human medicine for gall bladder disease. Although infrequently reported in veterinary literature, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is an option for uncomplicated gall bladder disease in canine patients. Due to the risk of cystic duct ligature slippage or clip dislodgement, we wanted to explore the use of a LigaTie; a novel absorbable medical device modeled after a cable tie. Our object was to describe the use of the LigaTie in a caprine cadaveric study of cholecystectomies as a model for canine patients and demonstrate the leak pressure of the cystic duct compared with cholecystectomies performed with 2 large endoscopic hemoclips...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716129/current-knowledge-on-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Anna Wojtalewicz, Roman Lechowski
Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumours of mesenchymal origin, the treatment of which is a challenge for veterinary surgeons. The role of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in FISS treatment has been studied, and a correlation between "clean" surgical margins and disease-free survival has been shown. In addition, clean surgical margins are one of the most important factors for achieving a low recurrence rate. The most effective method of FISS treatment includes combining radical surgery with pre- or postoperative radiotherapy...
July 17, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657655/the-effect-of-nail-characteristics-on-surface-bacterial-counts-of-surgical-personnel-before-and-after-scrubbing
#11
Jade M Hardy, Tina J Owen, Steven A Martinez, Lisa P Jones, Margaret A Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of nail characteristics on bacterial counts on the fingers of surgery personnel. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized nonblinded controlled crossover study design. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students, small animal surgery technicians, small animal surgery interns/residents, and small animal surgery faculty in a veterinary teaching hospital (n = 21). METHODS: Subjects were randomized into one of 2 groups; group 1 wore nail polish (P) for 1 week and group 2 (control) had nonpolished (NP) fingernails...
June 28, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657484/teaching-veterinary-anesthesia-a-survey-based-evaluation-of-two-high-fidelity-models-and-live-animal-experience-for-undergraduate-veterinary-students
#12
Gabrielle C Musk, Teresa Collins, Giselle Hosgood
In veterinary medical education, reduction, replacement, and refinement (the three Rs) must be considered. Three clinical skills in anesthesia were identified as challenging to students: endotracheal intubation, intravenous catheterization, and drug dose calculations. The aims of this project were to evaluate students' perception of their level of confidence in performing these three clinical skills in veterinary anesthesia, to document the extent of students' previous experience in performing these three tasks, and to describe students' emotional states during this training...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652979/metastatic-intraocular-hemangiopericytoma-in-a-dog
#13
Jonathan D Pucket, Rachel A Allbaugh, Mary L Higginbotham, Amy J Rankin, Leandro Teixeira
A 10-year-old Labrador Retriever who had been undergoing therapy for a recurrent hemangiopericytoma of the right flank presented to the Kansas State University Ophthalmology service for evaluation of a painful left eye. Examination revealed secondary glaucoma and irreversible blindness of the affected eye and multifocal chorioretinal lesions in the fellow eye. Therapeutic and diagnostic enucleation of the left eye was performed and histopathologic examination demonstrated the presence of a presumed metastatic spindle cell sarcoma...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#14
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621602/resolution-of-nonurine-transudative-pleural-effusion-in-a-cat-after-removal-of-a-hydronephrotic-kidney
#15
Maura E Duffy, Andrew J Specht, Ahmira R Torres, May-Li Cuypers
CASE DESCRIPTION A 3-year-old spayed female Bengal cat was evaluated because of a history of bilateral pleural effusion and hydronephrosis of the right kidney. CLINICAL FINDINGS Cytologic analysis of a pleural fluid sample revealed characteristics of a pure transudate with a high percentage of lymphocytes. Results of fluid biochemical testing were not consistent with urine or chyle. Serum biochemical analysis and echocardiography yielded no evidence of hypoalbuminemia or high hydrostatic pressure secondary to cardiac disease...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621591/rates-of-intraoperative-complications-and-conversion-to-laparotomy-during-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-performed-by-veterinary-students-161-cases-2010-2014
#16
Adam M Nylund, Adam Drury, Heather Weir, Eric Monnet
OBJECTIVE To assess rates of intraoperative complications and conversion to laparotomy associated with supervised veterinary students performing laparoscopic ovariectomy in dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 161 female shelter dogs for which elective laparoscopic ovariectomy had been performed by supervised senior (fourth-year) veterinary students from 2010 through 2014. PROCEDURES Medical records of all dogs were reviewed and data collected regarding duration of surgery, surgical complications and other characteristics, and whether conversion to laparotomy was required...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616391/opioid-free-anaesthesia-in-three-dogs
#17
Donna M White, Alastair R Mair, Fernando Martinez-Taboada
Opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) is a relatively new and growing field in human medicine. There are multiple motivations behind this emerging practice with the recognition of several serious potential opioid-related adverse effects including opioid induced hyperalgesia, opioid tolerance and immunomodulatory effects of opioids. Opioids have long been the mainstay of veterinary anaesthesia and pain management practice. The feasibility of OFA in veterinary patients is presented here. A case series of three dogs that underwent OFA for canine ovariohysterectomy is reported...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603214/enhancement-of-abdominal-wall-defect-repair-using-allogenic-platelet-rich-plasma-with-commercial-polyester-cotton-fabric-damour-in-a-canine-model
#18
Khaled Abouelnasr, Mohamed Hamed, Samah Lashen, Mohamed El-Adl, Rasha Eltaysh, Michihito Tagawa
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has an important role in musculoskeletal surgery; however, it has been underutilized for accelerating the healing of abdominal wall defects in veterinary practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the use of commercial polyester/cotton fabric (Damour) as a new composite mesh for the repair of experimentally induced abdominal wall defects in canine models, and to investigate the possible role of PRP for improving such repair and reducing allied complications. For this purpose, abdominal wall defects were created in 24 healthy mongrel dogs and then repaired with mesh alone (control group) or mesh and allogenic PRP (PRP group)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594945/participatory-evaluation-of-delivery-of-animal-health-care-services-by-community-animal-health-workers-in-karamoja-region-of-uganda
#19
James Bugeza, Clovice Kankya, James Muleme, Ann Akandinda, Joseph Sserugga, Noelina Nantima, Edward Okori, Terence Odoch
AIM: An evaluation exercise was carried out to assess the performance of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) in the delivery of animal health care services in Karamoja region, identify capacity gaps and recommend remedial measures. MATERIALS & METHODS: Participatory methods were used to design data collection tools. Questionnaires were administered to 204 CAHWs, 215 farmers and 7 District Veterinary Officers (DVOs) to collect quantitative data. Seven DVOs and 1 Non Government Organization (NGO) representative were interviewed as key informants and one focus group discussion was conducted with a farmer group in Nakapiripirit to collect qualitative data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571496/occupational-variation-in-end-of-life-care-intensity
#20
Joseph A Hyder, R Sterling Haring, Daniel Sturgeon, Priscilla K Gazarian, Wei Jiang, Zara Cooper, Stuart R Lipsitz, Holly G Prigerson, Joel S Weissman
BACKGROUND: End-of-life (EOL) care intensity is known to vary by secular and geographic patterns. US physicians receive less aggressive EOL care than the general population, presumably the result of preferences shaped by work-place experience with EOL care. OBJECTIVE: We investigated occupation as a source of variation in EOL care intensity. METHODS: Across 4 states, we identified 660 599, nonhealth maintenance organization Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥66 years who died between 2004 and 2011...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
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