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Veterinary surgery

Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
October 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Adam Smith, Filippo Gagliardi, Nicholas Robert Pelzer, Jacob Hampton, Anthony Minh Tien Chau, Fiona Stewart, Pietro Mortini, Cristian Gragnaniello
BACKGROUND: Increasing focus has been placed on the use of simulation in neurosurgical and spinal surgical training worldwide, with the establishment of many surgical laboratories dedicated to such purpose. So far, the opportunities for hands-on cadaveric training in the areas of neurosurgery and spine surgery remain limited in Australia, owing to various factors, including the abolition of dissection in many medical schools, high maintenance requirements and widespread geographical distribution of surgical trainees...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
N Katic, G Dupré
Although endoscopic surgery entered its "golden era" in the mid-1980s, it is still advancing at a tremendous pace. Novel surgical techniques and devices are continuously developed and applied, and new indications (and/or contraindications) for the use of endoscopic surgery are routinely reported in the literature and subjected to systematic assessments. Although endoscopic surgery (laparoscopy in particular) has already become established as the gold standard in human medicine, it has yet to be proven as a viable alternative to open surgery in the field of veterinary medicine...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
M Beccaglia, S Alonge, C Trovo', G C Luvoni
Accurate prediction of delivery date in canine and feline allows a better management of parturition, reducing the loss of neonates. This review evaluates the most common methods adopted to accurately predict the day of delivery: determination of ovulation and hormonal assays, first appearance of embryonic/foetal structures using ultrasound or radiography, echographic measurement of extra-foetal and foetal structures, or evaluation of foetal flux and heart rate. Determination of ovulation and hormonal assays at the time of breeding and close to pregnancy term is widely used to predict parturition in dogs (Concannon et al...
September 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
D A Barker, R D Foale, M A Holmes, J L Demetriou
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of recommendation of adjuvant chemotherapy by UK-based general veterinary practitioners (GVPs) for canine patients with high-grade mast cell tumours (HGMCTs), splenic haemangiosarcomas (SHSs) and appendicular osteosarcomas (AOSs); to determine which chemotherapeutic protocols are used by GVPs; and to evaluate reasons why chemotherapy may or may not be recommended postoperatively. An internet survey was created in 2013 using an online programme and was distributed to GVPs...
September 19, 2016: Veterinary Record
P F P Roynard, A Bilderback, C Falzone, J D Stefanacci, G B Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, treatments and outcomes of canine vertebral chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of dogs with confirmed vertebral chondrosarcoma and magnetic resonance imaging of the lesions, from four different veterinary referral institutions. RESULTS: A total of six dogs were included in this report. In all cases, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lobulated mass involving the dorsal vertebral compartment, markedly hyperintense with few foci of hypointensity on T2-weighted images, iso to hypointense on T1-weighted images with contrast enhancement after gadolinium administration...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Aubrey N Baird
Ruminants of all types requiring umbilical surgery can be affected by a number of different conditions. However, the practitioner should be able to correct any of these conditions surgically, especially in young animals, as a field procedure if appropriate restraint and environment are available. Like other aspects of veterinary practice, the individual must decide what services he or she wishes to offer clients in their practice and which ones will be referred. The objective of this article is to equip veterinarians who wish to treat umbilical masses surgically with the information they need...
November 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
S Birch, D Casamian-Sorrosal, S Fonfara, G Chanoit, C Warren-Smith
This case report describes a combination of congenital cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in a 1-year-old Labrador Retriever. To the authors' knowledge this combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities has not been previously reported in veterinary medicine. Unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery associated with unilateral right-sided aortopulmonary collaterals was observed. These aortopulmonary collaterals preserved the blood supply to the right lung lobes but led to left ventricular volume overload...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Irene A Veladiano, Tommaso Banzato, Luca Bellini, Alessandro Montani, Salvatore Catania, Alessandro Zotti
BACKGROUND: The increasing popularity gained by pet birds over recent decades has highlighted the role of avian medicine and surgery in the global veterinary scenario; such a need for speciality avian medical practice reflects the rising expectation for high-standard diagnostic imaging procedures. The aim of this study is to provide an atlas of matched anatomical cross-sections and contrast-enhanced CT images of the coelomic cavity in three highly diffused psittacine species. RESULTS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomographic studies of the coelomic cavity were performed in 5 blue-and-gold macaws, 4 African grey parrots and 6 monk parakeets by means of a 4-multidetector-row CT scanner...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Isabelle Kilcoyne, Julie E Dechant, Jorge E Nieto
OBJECTIVE To compare clinical findings and short-term outcome for horses with intestinal entrapment in the gastrosplenic ligament (GLE) with those of horses with intestinal entrapment in the epiploic foramen (EFE). DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 43 horses with GLE (cases) and 73 horses with EFE (controls). PROCEDURES Medical records of horses examined because of colic at a veterinary teaching hospital between 1992 and 2012 were reviewed. Signalment was extracted from medical records for all horses with colic (colic population), and additional information regarding colic history, clinical findings, treatments, and outcome was extracted from the records of horses in which GLE or EFE was diagnosed during surgery or necropsy...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Birgitt Wolfesberger, Ondrej Skor, Sabine E Hammer, Irene Flickinger, Miriam Kleiter, Barbara C Rütgen, Ilse Schwendenwein, Alexander Tichy, Katharina M Hittmair, Brigitte Degasperi, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to specify lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in a group of cats and to investigate their potential prognostic value. METHODS: Records of cats from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna suffering from lymphoma were reviewed in this retrospective study. To diagnose various subtypes specified in the WHO classification, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, as well as clonality assays in some cases, were performed...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Diego Rossetti, Guillaume R Ragetly, Cyrill M Poncet
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a video telescope operating monitor (VITOM™) for ventral slot decompression and to report its clinical applications using preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) myelography. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Consecutive dogs presented with cervical intervertebral disc disease requiring surgical decompression (n = 30). METHODS: Demographic data, preoperative neurological status, localization and lateralization of the compression, total operative time, surgical complications, ventral slot size and orientation, hospitalization time, and postoperative outcome were recorded...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Nick S Rappa, Robert M Radasch
This study classified and determined the post-operative complication rate associated with stabilization of cranial (CCL) ligament deficient stifles in small- to medium-sized dogs with the Arthrex Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament Repair Anchor System (CCLRAS). Eighty-five medical records from 2009 to 2012 from 1 institution were evaluated. Complications were classified according to previously proposed definitions for orthopedic studies in veterinary medicine. Fifty-two owners were contacted by telephone at least 6 months after surgery and given a questionnaire to classify complications related to the implant...
August 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Märit Badman, Marja Tullberg, Odd V Höglund, Ragnvi Hagman
Lack of confidence and self-efficacy are the main causes of negative emotions experienced by veterinary students when performing surgery. A surgical training model (STM) was developed to test the hypothesis that practical training on an STM before performing live surgery would enhance the students' confidence. In addition, low-cost and easily accessible materials were used for the construction. In the STM, neodymium magnets that were detached if too much traction was applied were used to ensure careful tissue handling during ligation of the ovarian pedicles and cervix...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Juliette L Hart, Kimberly D May, Nina R Kieves, Patrice M Mich, Clara S S Goh, Ross H Palmer, Felix M Duerr
OBJECTIVE To compare owner satisfaction between custom-made stifle joint orthoses and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) for the management of medium- and large-breed dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD). DESIGN Owner survey. SAMPLE 819 and 203 owners of dogs with CCLD that were managed with a custom-made stifle joint orthosis or TPLO, respectively. PROCEDURES Client databases of an orthosis provider and veterinary teaching hospital were reviewed to identify potential survey respondents...
August 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Jamie G Anderson, Gary Goldstein, Karen Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
Dental disease is important in the population of pets seen by veterinarians. Knowledge and skills related to oral disease and dentistry are critical entry-level skills expected of graduating veterinarians. A descriptive survey on the state of veterinary dental education was sent to respondents from 35 veterinary schools in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean. Using the online SurveyMonkey application, respondents answered up to 26 questions. Questions were primarily designed to determine the breadth and depth of veterinary dental education from didactic instruction in years 1-3 to the clinical year programs...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Lee B Meakin, Oliver P Gilman, Kevin J Parsons, Neil J Burton, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of colored indicator gloves affects perforation detection rate and to identify risk factors for glove perforation during veterinary orthopedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled trial. SAMPLE POPULATION: 574 double pairs of gloves worn during 300 orthopedic surgical procedures (2,296 gloves). METHODS: Primary and assistant surgeons double-gloved for all orthopedic surgical procedures...
August 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
J Hall, S Weir, J Ladlow
OBJECTIVES: To survey the current treatment techniques of aural haematomas in dogs and investigate veterinary opinion regarding treatment success. METHODS: Totally 2386 emails were sent to veterinary surgeons and practices inviting them to complete an online survey. Questions investigated treatment selection for initial and repeat presentations of aural haematoma in dogs and their opinion of treatment success to prevent recurrence and for good cosmesis. RESULTS: Totally 312 email addresses were invalid, 259 questionnaires were completed (12·5% response rate) and 251 were included in analysis...
July 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Idoia Díaz-Güemes Martín-Portugués, Ana Maria Matos-Azevedo, Silvia Enciso Sanz, Francisco Miguel Sánchez-Margallo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystoduodenostomy in canine cadavers using barbed self-locking sutures. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental study. ANIMALS: Fresh male Beagle cadavers (n=5). METHODS: Surgery was performed by a single veterinary surgeon. Dogs were placed in dorsal recumbency and 15° reverse Trendelenburg position. The surgical procedure was performed with four 5 mm entry ports and a 5 mm 30° telescope...
July 6, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Kelly Mann, Juliette Hart, Felix Duerr
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is widely known for its use in the diagnosis and tracking of primary and metastatic tumors via uptake and retention of the radiopharmaceutical by hypermetabolic cells. 18F-FDG is also used to study the normal physiology of glucose uptake, metabolism, and muscle activity during and after exercise. BACKGROUND: A pilot study adding PET imaging to the diagnostic evaluation of canine patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) for mild or intermittent thoracic and pelvic limb lameness is ongoing...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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