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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249609/lessons-from-the-domestic-ebola-response-improving-health-care-system-resilience-to-high-consequence-infectious-diseases
#1
Diane Meyer, Tara Kirk Sell, Monica Schoch-Spana, Matthew P Shearer, Hannah Chandler, Erin Thomas, Dale A Rose, Eric G Carbone, Eric Toner
BACKGROUND: The domestic response to the West Africa Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic from 2014-2016 provides a unique opportunity to distill lessons learned about health sector planning and operations from those individuals directly involved. This research project aimed to identify and integrate these lessons into an actionable checklist that can improve health sector resilience to future high-consequence infectious disease (HCID) events. METHODS: Interviews (N = 73) were completed with individuals involved in the domestic EVD response in 4 cities (Atlanta, Dallas, New York, and Omaha), and included individuals who worked in academia, emergency management, government, health care, law, media, and public health during the response...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223911/pcbs-and-pcdd-fs-in-soil-from-informal-e-waste-recycling-sites-and-open-dumpsites-in-india-levels-congener-profiles-and-health-risk-assessment
#2
Paromita Chakraborty, Sakthivel Selvaraj, Masafumi Nakamura, Balasubramanian Prithiviraj, Alessandra Cincinelli, John J Bang
Growth of informal electronic waste (e-waste) recycling sector is an emerging problem for India. The presence of halogenated compounds in e-wastes may result in the formation of persistent organic pollutants like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) during recycling processes. We therefore investigated PCBs and PCDD/Fs in surface soils explicitly from the informal e-waste recycling sites and nearby open dumpsites of major metropolitan cities from four corners of India, viz...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222091/waste-management-informal-recycling-environmental-pollution-and-public-health
#3
Hong Yang, Mingguo Ma, Julian R Thompson, Roger J Flower
With rapid population growth, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, the generation of waste is increasing at an unprecedented rate. For example, annual global waste arising from waste electrical and electronic equipment alone will have increased from 33.8 to 49.8 million tonnes between 2010 and 2018. Despite incineration and other waste treatment techniques, landfill still dominates waste disposal in low-income and middle-income countries. There is usually insufficient funding for adequate waste management in these countries and uptake of more advanced waste treatment technologies is poor...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167757/amino-acid-catabolism-directed-biofuel-production-in-clostridium-sticklandii-an-insight-into-model-driven-systems-engineering
#4
REVIEW
C Sangavai, P Chellapandi
Model-driven systems engineering has been more fascinating process for the microbial production of biofuel and bio-refineries in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Genome-scale modeling and simulations have been guided for metabolic engineering of Clostridium species for the production of organic solvents and organic acids. Among them, Clostridium sticklandii is one of the potential organisms to be exploited as a microbial cell factory for biofuel production. It is a hyper-ammonia producing bacterium and is able to catabolize amino acids as important carbon and energy sources via Stickland reactions and the development of the specific pathways...
December 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143572/socio-economic-integration-of-the-informal-recycling-sector-through-an-ngo-intervention-at-the-andralanitra-dumpsite-in-antananarivo-madagascar
#5
Harinaivo A Andrianisa, Fanilo M Randriatsiferana, Serge L Rakotoson, Fanja Rakotoaritera
The social status improvement and the degree of integration of the informal recycling sector, by using InteRa, made by the AKAMASOA association interventions at the Andralanitra dumpsite (Antananarivo, Madagascar) was assessed. 20% of the workers from the three activities at the site were interviewed: 325 scavengers, 12 compost producers and three soap manufacturers. It was found that the incomes of Andralanitra workers are relatively low compared to that of people working in the same field in other countries (30-60 USD/month)...
November 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122313/has-the-question-of-e-waste-opened-a-pandora-s-box-an-overview-of-unpredictable-issues-and-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Bouchra Bakhiyi, Sabrina Gravel, Diana Ceballos, Michael A Flynn, Joseph Zayed
Despite regulatory efforts and position papers, electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) remains ill-managed as evidenced by the extremely low rates of proper e-waste recycling (e-recycling) worldwide, ongoing illegal shipments to developing countries and constantly reported human health issues and environmental pollution. The objectives of this review are, first, to expose the complexity of e-waste problems, and then to suggest possible upstream and downstream solutions. Exploring e-waste issues is akin to opening a Pandora's box...
January 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079093/silver-engineered-nanoparticles-in-freshwater-systems-likely-fate-and-behaviour-through-natural-attenuation-processes
#7
REVIEW
David Shevlin, Niall O'Brien, Enda Cummins
Growth in the nanotechnology sector is likely introducing unnatural formations of materials on the nanoscale (10(-9)m) to the environment. Disposal and degradation of products incorporating engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are likely being released into natural aquatic systems un-intentionally primarily via waste water effluents. The fate and behaviour of metallic based nanoparticles (NPs) such as silver (Ag) in aquatic waters is complex with high levels of variability and uncertainty. In-situ physical, biological and chemical (natural attenuation) processes are likely to influence ENM fate and behaviour in freshwater systems...
October 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931348/assessment-of-the-municipal-solid-waste-management-system-in-accra-ghana-a-wasteaware-benchmark-indicator-approach
#8
Kwaku Oduro-Appiah, Anne Scheinberg, Anthony Mensah, Abraham Afful, Henry Kofi Boadu, Nanne de Vries
This article assesses the performance of the city of Accra, Ghana, in municipal solid waste management as defined by the integrated sustainable waste management framework. The article reports on a participatory process to socialise the Wasteaware benchmark indicators and apply them to an upgraded set of data and information. The process has engaged 24 key stakeholders for 9 months, to diagram the flow of materials and benchmark three physical components and three governance aspects of the city's municipal solid waste management system...
September 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805712/health-risks-awareness-of-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#9
Chimere M Ohajinwa, Peter M Van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
Insight into the health risk awareness levels of e-waste workers is important as it may offer opportunities for better e-waste recycling management strategies to reduce the health effects of informal e-waste recycling. Therefore, this study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with occupational health risk awareness of e-waste workers compared with a control group (butchers) in the informal sector in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was used to assess health risk awareness of 279 e-waste workers (repairers and dismantlers) and 221 butchers from the informal sector in three locations in Nigeria in 2015...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774053/feasibility-of-using-unbound-mixed-recycled-aggregates-from-cdw-over-expansive-clay-subgrade-in-unpaved-rural-roads
#10
Isaac Del Rey, Jesús Ayuso, Adela P Galvín, José R Jiménez, Auxi Barbudo
Social awareness aims to increase practical skills, such as sustainable development, which seeks to increase the use of different types of waste in construction activities. Although insufficient attention is sometimes given to these actions, it is essential to spread information regarding new studies in the field of waste recycling, which encourages and promotes waste use. Reusing and recycling construction waste in the creation of buildings and infrastructure are fundamental strategies to achieving sustainability in the construction and engineering sectors...
November 17, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689728/enablers-towards-establishing-and-growing-south-africa-s-waste-to-electricity-industry
#11
Heinrich Amsterdam, George Alex Thopil
In South Africa the electricity generation mix is relatively un-diverse whereas globally the transformation of the sector is advancing rapidly. Coal remains the predominant fuel source and limited success has to date been achieved in the renewable energy sector. The electricity generation sector is therefore hindered from moving towards an electricity generation landscape where alternative fuel sources is utilised. This research is aimed at gaining insight into the enablers that led towards an increasing trend (observed globally) in exploiting waste as a fuel for electricity generation, and to outline the presence of obstacles that hinder separation of waste for electricity use in the South African context...
July 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679520/prevalence-and-injury-patterns-among-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#12
Chimere May Ohajinwa, Peter M van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Adesola O Olumide, Oladele Osibanjo, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
BACKGROUND: Despite the large volume of e-waste recycled informally, the prevalence of work-related injuries among e-waste workers is unknown. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence, patterns and factors associated with occupational injuries among e-waste workers in the informal sector in Nigeria. METHODS: This cross-sectional study adopted a multistage sampling method to select 279 respondents from three cities (Ibadan, Lagos and Aba) in Nigeria. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on sociodemographics, work practices and injury occurrences from the respondents in 2015...
July 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617175/operator-models-for-delivering-municipal-solid-waste-management-services-in-developing-countries-part-a-the-evidence-base
#13
David C Wilson, Jennifer Bangirana Kanjogera, Reka Soós, Cosmin Briciu, Stephen R Smith, Andrew D Whiteman, Sandra Spies, Barbara Oelz
This article presents the evidence base for 'operator models' - that is, how to deliver a sustainable service through the interaction of the 'client', 'revenue collector' and 'operator' functions - for municipal solid waste management in emerging and developing countries. The companion article addresses a selection of locally appropriate operator models. The evidence shows that no 'standard' operator model is effective in all developing countries and circumstances. Each city uses a mix of different operator models; 134 cases showed on average 2...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578616/integration-of-informal-recycling-sector-in-brazil-and-the-case-of-sorocaba-city
#14
Nathalia Silva de Souza Lima, Sandro Donnini Mancini
Catadores are people who collect and sell materials that can be recycled. This activity has been done informally in many countries for years. Recently, a recognition process has begun for the informal recycling sector, with public and private initiatives. In Brazil, catadores started out associating with each other in co-operatives in the 1980s. In 2010, the Solid Waste National Policy was approved, promoting the inclusion of theses co-operatives in the formal waste management system. However, only in 25 out of 5670 Brazilian municipalities have hired co-operatives as Private Service Providers...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490662/occupational-exposure-to-endotoxins-and-lung-cancer-risk-results-of-the-icare-study
#15
Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Florence Guida, Mireille Matrat, Sylvie Cenée, Marie Sanchez, Gwenn Menvielle, Florence Molinié, Danièle Luce, Isabelle Stücker
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of occupational exposure to endotoxins in lung cancer in a French population-based case-control study (ICARE (Investigation of occupational and environmental causes of respiratory cancers)). METHODS: Detailed information was collected on the occupational history and smoking habits from 2926 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer and 3555 matched controls. We evaluated each subject's endotoxin exposure after cross referencing International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) codes (for job tasks) and Nomenclature d'Activités Françaises (NAF) codes (for activity sectors)...
September 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367754/waste-pickers-in-global-south-informal-recycling-sector-in-a-circular-economy-era
#16
Costas Velis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330117/microbial-pectinases-an-ecofriendly-tool-of-nature-for-industries
#17
REVIEW
G Garg, A Singh, A Kaur, R Singh, J Kaur, R Mahajan
Pectinases are the growing enzymes of biotechnological sector, showing gradual increase in their market. They hold a leading position among the commercially produced industrial enzymes. These enzymes are ecofriendly tool of nature that are being used extensively in various industries like wine industry; food industry; paper industry for bleaching of pulp and waste paper recycling; in the processing of fruit-vegetables, tea-coffee, animal feed; extraction of vegetable oil and scouring of plant fibres. Moreover, enzymatic catalysis is preferred over other chemical methods, since it is more specific, less aggressive and saves energy...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288664/injured-bodies-damaged-lives-experiences-and-narratives-of-kenyan-women-with-obstetric-fistula-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#18
Lillian Mwanri, Glory Joy Gatwiri
BACKGROUND: It is well acknowledged that Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C/C) leads to medical, psychological and sociocultural sequels. Over 200 million cases of FGM/C exist globally, and in Kenya alone, a total of 12,418,000 (28%) of women have undergone FGM/C, making the practice not only a significant national, but also a global health catastrophe. FGM/C is rooted in patriarchal and traditional cultures as a communal experience signifying a transition from girlhood to womanhood...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285732/a-novel-approach-for-reducing-toxic-emissions-during-high-temperature-processing-of-electronic-waste
#19
R Saini, R Khanna, R K Dutta, R Cayumil, M Ikram-Ul-Haq, V Agarwala, G Ellamparuthy, K Jayasankar, P S Mukherjee, V Sahajwalla
A novel approach is presented to capture some of the potentially toxic elements (PTEs), other particulates and emissions during the heat treatment of e-waste using alumina adsorbents. Waste PCBs from mobile phones were mechanically crushed to sizes less than 1mm; their thermal degradation was investigated using thermo-gravimetric analysis. Observed weight loss was attributed to the degradation of polymers and the vaporization of organic constituents and volatile metals. The sample assembly containing PCB powder and adsorbent was heat treated at 600°C for times ranging between 10 and 30min with air, nitrogen and argon as carrier gases...
March 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278033/status-of-waste-tyres-and-management-practice-in-botswana
#20
Daniel Mmereki, Bontle Machola, Kentlafetse Mokokwe
Waste tyres (WTs) are becoming a significant environmental, economical and technological challenge due to their high contents of combustible composition and potential for valuable materials and energy resources. Fewer studies in developing and even developed countries have been carried out to assess the challenges regarding waste tyres management, and suggested the best alternative solutions for managing this waste stream. While developed countries made progress in waste tyres management needs by implementing more efficient innovative recovery and recycling methods, and restrictive regulations regarding the management of used tyres, in many developing countries the management of waste tyres has not received adequate interest, and the processing, treatment and disposal of waste tyre is still nascent...
February 22, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
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