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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431338/the-design-and-fabrication-of-beta-sensor-system-for-in-situ-diffusion-tests-in-mudstone-in-france
#1
Zhenhua Lin, Olivier Tillement, Marie-Genevieve Blanchin, Vivek Jindal, Agnès Vinsot, Romain V H Dagnelie, Virginie Blin, Yanick Lettry, Benoit Hautefeuille
Long term in situ diffusion experiments in the Callovian-Oxfordian mudstone (France) are designed in the context of nuclear waste management. β-emitters HTO and (36)Cl radiotracers are representative of neutral and anionic species in these experiments. Studies have been carried out to design an in situ beta monitoring system in order to quantify tracer migration in the rock pore water over time. The development, design and calibration of β-emitter radiation sensors were performed. An optimised geometry was calculated for the detection chamber of (36)Cl in solution (Ø×L=30×2mm(2)) via Monte-Carlo N-Particle transport simulation tools...
April 1, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427815/the-swedish-radiological-environmental-protection-regulations-applied-in-a-review-of-a-license-application-for-a-geological-repository-for-spent-nuclear-fuel
#2
Pål Andersson, Karolina Stark, Shulan Xu, Maria Nordén, Björn Dverstorp
For the first time, a system for specific consideration of radiological environmental protection has been applied in a major license application in Sweden. In 2011 the Swedish Nuclear Fuel & Waste Management Co. (SKB) submitted a license application for construction of a geological repository for spent nuclear fuel at the Forsmark site. The license application is supported by a post-closure safety assessment, which in accordance with regulatory requirements includes an assessment of environmental consequences...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427100/dystrophinopathies-and-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophies
#3
Joana Domingos, Anna Sarkozy, Mariacristina Scoto, Francesco Muntoni
Muscular dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of inherited diseases. The natural history of these disorders along with their management have changed mainly due to a better understanding of their pathophysiology, the evolution of standards of care, and new treatment options. Dystrophinopathies include both Duchenne's and Becker's muscular dystrophies, but in reality they are a spectrum of muscle diseases caused by mutations in the gene that encodes the protein dystrophin. Duchenne's muscular dystrophy is the most common form of inherited muscle disease of childhood...
April 20, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424958/effectiveness-of-waste-prevention-program-in-primary-students-schools
#4
Antonis A Zorpas, Irene Voukkali, Pantelitsa Loizia
Even though reducing waste is at the top of the waste hierarchy, no real decoupling between waste generation and consumption has been demonstrated. Several waste directives had been published from EU, but they have only brought minor changes within the key objective of reducing waste generation. Most efforts have been targeted towards greater amounts of recycling and better management of waste disposal. While these are necessary and socially beneficial goals, they are not adequate for the achievement of long-term sustainability goals...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424046/perspectives-of-policy-makers-and-stakeholders-about-health-care-waste-management-in-community-based-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#5
Lydia Hangulu, Olagoke Akintola
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, a new primary health care (PHC) re-engineering initiative aims to scale up the provision of community-based care (CBC). A central element in this initiative is the use of outreach teams comprising nurses and community health workers to provide care to the largely poor and marginalised communities across the country. The provision of care will inevitably lead to an increase in the amount of health care waste (HCW) generated in homes and suggests the need to pay more attention to the HCW that emanates from homes where there is care of a patient...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418815/educational-activity-for-the-radiation-emergency-system-in-the-northern-part-of-japan-meeting-report-on-the-3rd-educational-symposium-on-radiation-and-health-esrah-by-young-scientists-in-2016
#6
Yusuke Matsuya, Takakiyo Tsujiguchi, Masaru Yamaguchi, Takaaki Kimura, Ryosuke Mori, Ryota Yamada, Ryo Saga, Yohei Fujishima, Hiroyuki Date
In the northern part of Japan, close cooperation is essential in preparing for any possible emergency response to radiation accidents because several facilities, such as the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility, the MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant and the Vitrified Waste Storage Center, exist in Rokkasho Village (Aomori Prefecture). After the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011, special attention should be given to the relationship between radiation and human health, as well as establishing a system for managing with a radiation emergency...
April 18, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416084/a-conceptual-framework-for-negotiating-public-involvement-in-municipal-waste-management-decision-making-in-the-uk
#7
Kenisha Garnett, Tim Cooper, Philip Longhurst, Simon Jude, Sean Tyrrel
The technical expertise that politicians relied on in the past to produce cost-effective and environmentally sound solutions no longer provides sufficient justification to approve waste facilities. Local authorities need to find more effective ways to involve stakeholders and communities in decision-making since public acceptance of municipal waste facilities is integral to delivering effective waste strategies. This paper presents findings from a research project that explored attitudes towards greater levels of public involvement in UK waste management decision-making...
April 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414913/lca-harmonization-and-soil-science-rankings-results-on-food-waste-management-methods
#8
Jeffrey Morris, Sally L Brown, Matthew Cotton, H Scott Matthews
This study reviewed 147 life cycle studies, with 28 found suitable for harmonizing food waste management methods' climate and energy impacts. 80 scientific soil productivity studies were assessed to rank management method soil benefits. Harmonized climate impacts per kilogram (kg) food waste range from -0.20 kg of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2e) for anaerobic digestion (AD) to 0.38 kg CO2e for landfill gas-to-energy (LFGTE). Aerobic composting (AC) is -0.10 kg CO2e. In-sink grinding (ISG) via a food waste disposer and flushing for management with other sewerage at a wastewater treatment plant emits 0...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414653/increasing-value-and-reducing-waste-in-stroke-research
#9
REVIEW
Eivind Berge, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, H Bart van der Worp, Christian Stapf, Peter Sandercock, Nikola Sprigg, Malcolm R Macleod, Peter J Kelly, Paul J Nederkoorn, Gary A Ford
Stroke is a major burden to patients and society, and resources spent on stroke research must be used efficiently and produce good value in terms of improvements in human health. However, many instances of poor value from stroke research funding have resulted from the way in which stroke research topics have been chosen and how studies have been designed, conducted, analysed, regulated, managed, disseminated, or reported. A cooperative effort of European stroke researchers aimed to identify sources of inefficiency and waste, recommend approaches to increase value, and highlight examples of best practice in stroke research...
May 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413553/excision-of-hypoglossal-neurinoma-by-condyle-sparing-suboccipital-keyhole-approach
#10
Harjinder Bhatoe
Hypoglossal neurinomas are rare tumors that present with gradually worsening unilateral wasting of the tongue. The tumors often attain large size prior to detection and often extend into the hypoglossal canal. Large tumors can distort the brainstem and cerebellum. Preoperative diagnosis can often be made by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast enhancement. Traditionally, surgery for these tumors has entailed large transcondylar approaches, often necessitating occipitocervical stabilization. We managed one 23-year-old female patient with a large hypoglossal neurinoma...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412620/adsorption-of-organic-stormwater-pollutants-onto-activated-carbon-from-sewage-sludge
#11
Karin Björklund, Loretta Y Li
Adsorption filters have the potential to retain suspended pollutants physically, as well as attracting and chemically attaching dissolved compounds onto the adsorbent. This study investigated the adsorption of eight hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) frequently detected in stormwater - including four polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), two phthalates and two alkylphenols - onto activated carbon produced from domestic sewage sludge. Adsorption was studied using batch tests. Kinetic studies indicated that bulk adsorption of HOCs occurred within 10 min...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412567/leachate-treatment-in-landfills-is-a-significant-n2o-source
#12
Xiaojun Wang, Mingsheng Jia, Chengliang Zhang, Shaohua Chen, Zucong Cai
The importance of methane (CH4) emissions from landfills has been extensively documented, while the nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from landfills are considered negligible. In this study, three landfills were selected to measure CH4 and N2O emissions using the static chamber method. Dongbu (DB) and Dongfu (DF) landfills, both located in Xiamen city, Fujian Province, were classified as sanitary. The former started to receive solid waste from Xiamen city in 2009, and the latter was closed in 2009. Nanjing (NJ) landfill, located in Nanjing county, Fujian Province, was classified as managed...
April 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412098/supply-and-demand-of-some-critical-metals-and-present-status-of-their-recycling-in-weee
#13
REVIEW
Shengen Zhang, Yunji Ding, Bo Liu, Chein-Chi Chang
New development and technological innovations make electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) more functional by using an increasing number of metals, particularly the critical metals (e.g. rare and precious metals) with specialized properties. As millions of people in emerging economies adopt a modern lifestyle, the demand for critical metals is soaring. However, the increasing demand causes the crisis of their supply because of their simple deficiency in the Earth's crust or geopolitical constraints which might create political issues for their supply...
April 12, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412056/biomolecules-from-olive-pruning-waste-in-sierra-m%C3%A3-gina-engaging-the-energy-transition-by-multi-actor-and-multidisciplinary-analyses
#14
Marianne Cohen, Gilles Lepesant, Farida Lamari, Clelia Bilodeau, Petra Benyei, Stéphane Angles, Julien Bouillon, Kevin Bourrand, Ramla Landoulsi, Delphine Jaboeuf, Maria Alonso-Roldán, Isidro Espadas-Tormo, Veronica Belandria, Philippe Silar, Moussa Dicko
The price volatility of fossil resources, the uncertainty of their long-term availability and the environmental, climatic and societal problems posed by their operation lead to the need of an energy transition enabling the development and utilization of other alternative and sustainable resources. Acknowledging that indirect land-use change can increase greenhouse gas emission, the European Union (EU) has reshaped its biofuel policy. It has set criteria for sustainability to ensure that the use of biofuels guarantees real carbon savings and protects biodiversity...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408280/status-and-perspectives-of-municipal-solid-waste-incineration-in-china-a-comparison-with-developed-regions
#15
REVIEW
Jia-Wei Lu, Sukun Zhang, Jing Hai, Ming Lei
With the rapid expansion of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration, the applicability, technical status, and future improvement of MSW incineration attract much attention in China. This paper aims to be a sensible response, with the aid of a comparison between China and some representative developed regions including the EU, the U.S., Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan area. A large number of up-to-date data and information are collected to quantitatively and impartially support the comparison, which covers a wider range of key points including spatial distribution, temporal evolution, technologies, emissions, and perspectives...
April 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407003/assessment-of-the-implementation-of-community-led-total-sanitation-hygiene-and-associated-factors-in-diretiyara-district-eastern-ethiopia
#16
Roba Argaw Tessema
Based on the sustainable development goals, the United Nations plans to achieve equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and to end open defecation by 2030. In Ethiopia, 60% to 80% of health problems are due to communicable diseases attributable to unsafe water supply, unhygienic and unsanitary waste management, which are directly linked to the practice of open defecation. This study has aimed at assessing the implementation of community-led total sanitation and hygiene (CLTSH) and associated factors. A community-based cross-sectional study design involving 420 of the 7,225 households found in Diretiyara district was conducted in June 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405362/challenges-and-opportunities-associated-with-waste-management-in-india
#17
REVIEW
Sunil Kumar, Stephen R Smith, Geoff Fowler, Costas Velis, S Jyoti Kumar, Shashi Arya, Rena, Rakesh Kumar, Christopher Cheeseman
India faces major environmental challenges associated with waste generation and inadequate waste collection, transport, treatment and disposal. Current systems in India cannot cope with the volumes of waste generated by an increasing urban population, and this impacts on the environment and public health. The challenges and barriers are significant, but so are the opportunities. This paper reports on an international seminar on 'Sustainable solid waste management for cities: opportunities in South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries' organized by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute and the Royal Society...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402913/the-impacts-of-decision-uncertainty-on-municipal-solid-waste-management
#18
Atousa Soltani, Rehan Sadiq, Kasun Hewage
Municipal solid waste treatment options are not necessarily pragmatic if the stakeholders in the system don't mutually agree on their shares of liabilities. Stakeholders will select an option if their benefits are maximized and costs are minimized. A decision support framework is required to assess various waste treatment options and predict the optimal decision, considering multiple criteria and conflicting preferences of multiple stakeholders. Because of the inherent complexity, uncertainty is unavoidable and should be acknowledged to enhance the reliability in the decision-making process...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400157/corrigendum-to-effects-of-sulfur-on-lead-partitioning-during-sludge-incineration-based-on-experiments-and-thermodynamic-calculations-waste-manage-38-2015-336-348
#19
Jing-Yong Liu, Shu-Jie Huang, Shui-Yu Sun, Xun-An Ning, Rui-Zhe He, Xiao-Ming Li, Tao Chen, Guang-Qian Luo, Wu-Ming Xie, Yu-Jie Wang, Zhong-Xu Zhuo, Jie-Wen Fu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399867/the-protracted-waste-crisis-and-physical-health-of-workers-in-beirut-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#20
Rami Z Morsi, Rawan Safa, Serge F Baroud, Cherine N Fawaz, Jad I Farha, Fadi El-Jardali, Monique Chaaya
BACKGROUND: Since July 2015, Lebanon has been experiencing a waste management crisis. Dumpsites in inhabited areas and waste burning have emerged due to the waste accumulation, further adding to the gravity of the situation. However, the association between the crisis and health of the population has not been scientifically reported. METHODS: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted to assess whether exposure to open dumpsites and waste burning is associated with acute health symptoms...
April 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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