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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809593/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-jordan-s-healthcare-facilities
#1
Yousef Saleh Khader
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine water availability, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) services, and healthcare waste management in Jordan healthcare facilities. Design/methodology/approach In total, 19 hospitals (15 public and four private) were selected. The WSH services were assessed in hospitals using the WSH in health facilities assessment tool developed for this purpose. Findings All hospitals (100 percent) had a safe water source and most (84.2 percent) had functional water sources to provide enough water for users' needs...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808244/the-n-p-k-soil-nutrient-balance-of-portuguese-cropland-in-the-1950s-the-transition-from-organic-to-chemical-fertilization
#2
Miguel Carmo, Roberto García-Ruiz, Maria Isabel Ferreira, Tiago Domingos
Agricultural nutrient balances have been receiving increasing attention in both historical and nutrient management research. The main objectives of this study were to further develop balance methodologies and to carry out a comprehensive assessment of the functioning and nutrient cycling of 1950s agroecosystems in Portugal. Additionally, the main implications for the history of agriculture in Portugal were discussed from the standpoint of soil fertility. We used a mass balance approach that comprises virtually all nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) inputs and outputs from cropland topsoil for average conditions in the period 1951-56...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806506/quantifying-recycling-and-losses-of-cr-and-ni-in-steel-throughout-multiple-life-cycles-using-matrace-alloy
#3
Shinichiro Nakamura, Yasushi Kondo, Kenichi Nakajima, Hajime Ohno, Stefan Pauliuk
Alloying metals are indispensable ingredients of high quality alloy steel such as austenitic stainless steel, the cyclical use of which is vital for sustainable resource management. Under the current practice of recycling, however, different metals are likely to be mixed in an uncontrolled manner, resulting in function losses and dissipation of metals with distinctive functions, and in the contamination of recycled steels. The latter could result in dilution loss, if metal scrap needed dilution with virgin iron to reduce the contamination below critical levels...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805712/health-risks-awareness-of-electronic-waste-workers-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria
#4
Chimere M Ohajinwa, Peter M Van Bodegom, Martina G Vijver, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
Insight into the health risk awareness levels of e-waste workers is important as it may offer opportunities for better e-waste recycling management strategies to reduce the health effects of informal e-waste recycling. Therefore, this study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practices associated with occupational health risk awareness of e-waste workers compared with a control group (butchers) in the informal sector in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was used to assess health risk awareness of 279 e-waste workers (repairers and dismantlers) and 221 butchers from the informal sector in three locations in Nigeria in 2015...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803764/effect-of-a-food-waste-disposer-policy-on-solid-waste-and-wastewater-management-with-economic-implications-of-environmental-externalities
#5
Amani Maalouf, Mutasem El-Fadel
In this study, the carbon footprint of introducing a food waste disposer (FWD) policy was examined in the context of its implications on solid waste and wastewater management with economic assessment of environmental externalities emphasizing potential carbon credit and increased sludge generation. For this purpose, a model adopting a life cycle inventory approach was developed to integrate solid waste and wastewater management processes under a single framework and test scenarios for a waste with high organic food content typical of developing economies...
August 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803550/palliative-end-ileostomy-and-gastrojejunostomy-for-a-metastatic-distal-transverse-colonic-malignancy-complicated-by-a-proximal-duodenocolic-fistula-a-case-report
#6
Gnanaselvam Pamathy, Umesh Jayarajah, Yapa Hamillage Hemantha Gunathilaka, Sivasuriya Sivaganesh
BACKGROUND: Fistulae between the colon and upper gastrointestinal tract are distressing and uncommon complications of malignancies involving this region. We report a case of a middle-aged man with a locally advanced and metastatic distal transverse colon malignancy who presented with a duodenocolic fistula proximal to the primary tumor and underwent palliative surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old Sri Lankan man presented to our hospital with a history of feculent vomiting of 1 week's duration preceded by worsening constipation and abdominal fullness of 2 months' duration...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803394/generation-and-management-of-waste-electric-vehicle-batteries-in-china
#7
ChengJian Xu, Wenxuan Zhang, Wenzhi He, Guangming Li, Juwen Huang, Haochen Zhu
With the increasing adoption of EVs (electric vehicles), a large number of waste EV LIBs (electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries) were generated in China. Statistics showed generation of waste EV LIBs in 2016 reached approximately 10,000 tons, and the amount of them would be growing rapidly in the future. In view of the deleterious effects of waste EV LIBs on the environment and the valuable energy storage capacity or materials that can be reused in them, China has started emphasizing the management, reuse, and recycling of them...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803145/plasmix-management-lca-of-six-possible-scenarios
#8
R Cossu, F Garbo, F Girotto, F Simion, A Pivato
Only a small percentage of the separately collected plastic is recycled. The mechanical selection process of source segregated plastic materials generates considerable amounts of residues that are commonly named as Plasmix. By means of a life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling, the environmental performances of the main Plasmix management options (thermal treatment, energy recovery, and landfilling) were compared. Six treatment scenarios, with different pre-treatment alternatives, were evaluated. Landfilling after waste washing and Plasmix substitution of coke in a blast furnace represent the most favorable options, since the performances of thermal treatment and energy recovery are worsened by specific emissions of a variety of toxic compounds and heavy metals within plastic materials as additives...
August 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801215/nitrogen-removal-from-digested-slurries-using-a-simplified-ammonia-stripping-technique
#9
Giorgio Provolo, Francesca Perazzolo, Gabriele Mattachini, Alberto Finzi, Ezio Naldi, Elisabetta Riva
This study assessed a novel technique for removing nitrogen from digested organic waste based on a slow release of ammonia that was promoted by continuous mixing of the digestate and delivering a continuous air stream across the surface of the liquid. Three 10-day experiments were conducted using two 50-L reactors. In the first two, nitrogen removal efficiencies were evaluated from identical digestates maintained at different temperatures (30°C and 40°C). At the start of the first experiment, the digestates were adjusted to pH 9 using sodium hydroxide, while in the second experiment pH was not adjusted...
August 8, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799050/environmental-building-policy-by-the-use-of-microalgae-and-decreasing-of-risks-for-canadian-oil-sand-sector-development
#10
Armen B Avagyan
Environmental building recommendations aimed towards new environmental policies and management-changing decisions which as example demonstrated in consideration of the problems of Canadian oil sands operators. For the implementation of the circular economic strategy, we use an in-depth analysis of reported environmental after-consequence on all stages of the production process. The study addressed the promotion of innovative solutions for greenhouse gas emission, waste mitigation, and risk of falling in oil prices for operators of oil sands with creating market opportunities...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797626/marine-litter-from-beach-based-sources-case-study-of-an-eastern-mediterranean-coastal-town
#11
Michelle E Portman, Ruth E Brennan
Marine litter has been a serious and growing problem for some decades now. Yet, there is still much speculation among researchers, policy makers and planners about how to tackle marine litter from land-based sources. This paper provides insights into approaches for managing marine litter by reporting and analyzing survey results of litter dispersal and makeup from three areas along an Arab-Israeli coastal town in view of other recent studies conducted around the Mediterranean Sea. Based on our results and analysis, we posit that bathing beach activities should be a high priority for waste managers as a point of intervention and beach-goers must be encouraged to take a more active role in keeping beaches clean...
August 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797625/environmental-performance-of-household-waste-management-in-europe-an-example-of-7-countries
#12
Susanna Andreasi Bassi, Thomas H Christensen, Anders Damgaard
An attributional life cycle assessment (LCA) of the management of 1ton of household waste was conducted in accordance with ISO 14044:2006 and the ILCD Handbook for seven European countries, namely Germany, Denmark, France, UK, Italy, Poland and Greece, representing different household waste compositions, waste management practices, technologies, and energy systems. National data were collected from a range of sources regarding household waste composition, household sorting efficiency, collection, waste treatments, recycling, electricity and heat composition, and technological efficiencies...
August 7, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796823/assessment-of-photocatalytic-potentiality-and-determination-of-ecotoxicity-using-plant-model-for-better-environmental-applicability-of-synthesized-copper-copper-oxide-and-copper-doped-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles
#13
Debadrito Das, Animesh Kumar Datta, Divya Vishambhar Kumbhakar, Bapi Ghosh, Ankita Pramanik, Sudha Gupta, Aninda Mandal
NPS SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND AZO-DYE DEGRADATION: A facile cost effective wet chemical method of synthesis is proposed for Cu-NPs, CuO-NPs and Cu-doped ZnO-NPs. The nanomaterials are opto-physically characterized for nano standard quality. Cu-doped ZnO-NPs based catalytic system is found to possess most efficient photocatalytic activity in degradation of two organic azo-dyes namely methyl red (MR) and malachite green (MG) that are released as industrial effluents in eco-environment intercollegium...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793326/thermal-oxidation-of-nuclear-graphite-a-large-scale-waste-treatment-option
#14
Alex Theodosiou, Abbie N Jones, Barry J Marsden
This study has investigated the laboratory scale thermal oxidation of nuclear graphite, as a proof-of-concept for the treatment and decommissioning of reactor cores on a larger industrial scale. If showed to be effective, this technology could have promising international significance with a considerable impact on the nuclear waste management problem currently facing many countries worldwide. The use of thermal treatment of such graphite waste is seen as advantageous since it will decouple the need for an operational Geological Disposal Facility (GDF)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792957/assessing-the-impact-of-healthcare-research-a-systematic-review-of-methodological-frameworks
#15
Samantha Cruz Rivera, Derek G Kyte, Olalekan Lee Aiyegbusi, Thomas J Keeley, Melanie J Calvert
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, researchers need to demonstrate the impact of their research to their sponsors, funders, and fellow academics. However, the most appropriate way of measuring the impact of healthcare research is subject to debate. We aimed to identify the existing methodological frameworks used to measure healthcare research impact and to summarise the common themes and metrics in an impact matrix. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Two independent investigators systematically searched the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), the Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL+), the Health Management Information Consortium, and the Journal of Research Evaluation from inception until May 2017 for publications that presented a methodological framework for research impact...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791528/the-use-of-electrical-resistivity-tomography-and-borehole-to-characterize-leachate-distribution-in-laogang-landfill-china
#16
Shi-Jin Feng, Zhen-Bai Bai, Ben-Yi Cao, Shi-Feng Lu, Shu-Gang Ai
Leachate is a polluting liquid which may cause harmful effects on human health or the environment without a tightly control manner. The leachate management is an important part of the design and operation of bioreactor landfills. To detect the leachate distribution in Laogang Landfill, China, the measurement of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was carried out in three areas with different ages. ERT method proved to be an effective non-invasive geophysical method in bioreactor landfills, and the physical properties of waste samples obtained by boreholes were tested in a laboratory...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783905/drug-residues-in-urban-water-a-database-for-ecotoxicological-risk-management
#17
Doriane Destrieux, François Laurent, Hélène Budzinski, Julie Pedelucq, Philippe Vervier, Magali Gerino
Human-use drug residues (DR) are only partially eliminated by waste water treatment plants (WWTPs), so that residual amounts can reach natural waters and cause environmental hazards. In order to properly manage these hazards in the aquatic environment, a database is made available that integrates the concentration ranges for DR, which cause adverse effects for aquatic organisms, and the temporal variations of the ecotoxicological risks. To implement this database for the ecotoxicological risk assessment (ERA database), the required information for each DR is the predicted no effect concentrations (PNECs), along with the predicted environmental concentrations (PECs)...
July 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781157/comparative-environmental-evaluation-of-construction-waste-management-through-different-waste-sorting-systems-in-hong-kong
#18
Md Uzzal Hossain, Zezhou Wu, Chi Sun Poon
This study aimed to compare the environmental performance of building construction waste management (CWM) systems in Hong Kong. Life cycle assessment (LCA) approach was applied to evaluate the performance of CWM systems holistically based on primary data collected from two real building construction sites and secondary data obtained from the literature. Different waste recovery rates were applied based on compositions and material flow to assess the influence on the environmental performance of CWM systems...
August 3, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779833/high-containment-pathogen-preparation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#19
REVIEW
Brian T Garibaldi, Daniel S Chertow
The recent Ebola virus disease outbreak highlighted the need to build national and worldwide capacity to provide care for patients with highly infectious diseases. Specialized biocontainment units were successful in treating several critically ill patients with Ebola virus disease both in the United States and Europe. Several key principles underlie the care of critically ill patients in a high-containment environment. Environmental factors, staffing, equipment, training, laboratory testing, procedures, and waste management each present unique challenges...
September 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777952/influence-of-fat-and-oil-type-on-the-yield-physico-chemical-properties-and-microstructure-of-fat-oil-and-grease-fog-deposits
#20
Dann Marie N Del Mundo, Manote Sutheerawattananonda
Fat, oil, and grease (FOG) deposit, in the form of calcium soap, was found to cause sanitary sewer overflows due to its adhesion on pipe walls. To address this problem, laboratory-prepared calcium soaps have been used to investigate the formation mechanisms of FOG deposits. However, the fats and oils previously utilized were limited and some soap characteristics were not examined. This research attempted to probe through the properties of calcium soaps prepared from calcium chloride and the fats and oils of chicken, pork, palm olein, soybean, olive, and coconut to further understand FOG formation and stability...
July 21, 2017: Water Research
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