keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tuberculosis x Ray

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#1
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241916/etiology-and-management-of-primary-amenorrhoea-a-study-of-102-cases-at-tertiary-centre
#2
Alka Kriplani, Manu Goyal, Garima Kachhawa, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of etiologic causes of primary amenorrhea in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using 102 complete medical records of women with primary amenorrhea who attended the Gynaecologic Endocrinology Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi from September 2012 to September 2015. Cases were analysed according to clinical profile, development of secondary sexual characteristics, physical examination, pelvic and rectal examination, X-ray of chest and lumbo-sacral spine, hormone profile, pelvic USG, MRI, and cytogenetic study including karyotype...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226096/feasibility-of-two-active-case-finding-approaches-for-detection-of-tuberculosis-in-bandung-city-indonesia
#3
S McAllister, B Wiem Lestari, B Sujatmiko, A Siregar, E D Sihaloho, D Fathania, N F Dewi, R C Koesoemadinata, P C Hill, B Alisjahbana
Setting: A community health clinic catchment area in the eastern part of Bandung City, Indonesia. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of two different screening interventions using community health workers (CHWs) in detecting tuberculosis (TB) cases. Design: This was a feasibility study of 1) house-to-house TB symptom screening of five randomly selected 'neighbourhoods' in the catchment area, and 2) selected screening of household contacts of TB index patients and their neighbouring households. Acceptability was assessed through focus group discussions with key stakeholders...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223317/sequential-strategy-for-the-ltbi-screening-of-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-vulnerable-social-situations
#4
Núria Serre-Delcor, Begoña Treviño-Maruri, M Teresa Tórtola, Manuel Fernández-Quevedo, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Inés Oliveira-Souto, Mateu Espasa, Israel Molina, Carlos Ascaso
INTRODUCTION: Some studies indicate high prevalences of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the immigrant population, which is relevant because 5-10% of cases will develop active tuberculosis. The objective of this study is to describe the results of a sequential strategy in the newly-arrived immigrant population for the diagnosis of LTBI using the tuberculin skin test (TST) and IGRAs. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with immigrants between 6 and 35years of age from shelters, referred to an international health unit between July 2013 and June 2016...
December 6, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218640/oxoiron-iv-complexes-as-synthons-for-the-assembly-of-heterobimetallic-centers-such-as-the-fe-mn-active-site-of-class-ic-ribonucleotide-reductases
#5
Ang Zhou, Patrick M Crossland, Apparao Draksharapu, Andrew J Jasniewski, Scott T Kleespies, Lawrence Que
Nonheme oxoiron(IV) complexes can serve as synthons for generating heterobimetallic oxo-bridged dimetal complexes by reaction with divalent metal complexes. The formation of FeIII-O-CrIII and FeIII-O-MnIII complexes is described herein. The latter complexes may serve as models for the FeIII-X-MnIII active sites of an emerging class of Fe/Mn enzymes represented by the Class 1c ribonucleotide reductase from Chlamydia trachomatis and the R2-like ligand-binding oxidase (R2lox) found in Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214549/synthesis-structure-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-ethanolamine-nitro-chloronitrobenzoates-a-combined-experimental-and-theoretical-study
#6
Manuela Crisan, Liliana Halip, Paulina Bourosh, Sergiu Adrian Chicu, Yurii Chumakov
BACKGROUND: Nitroaromatic and chloronitroaromatic compounds have been a subject of great interest in industry and recently in medical-pharmaceutic field. 2-Chloro-4-nitro/2-chloro-5-nitrobenzoic acids and 4-nitrobenzoic acid are promising new agents for the treatment of main infectious killing diseases in the world: immunodeficiency diseases and tuberculosis. RESULTS: New ethanolamine nitro/chloronitrobenzoates were synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, UV-vis, FT-IR and elementary analysis techniques...
December 6, 2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207760/epituberculosis-revisited-case-report-and-review
#7
Lavina Vishnu Mirchandani, Sindhu S Kamath, Jayalakshami Thelapurath Kutty, Aparna Iyer
Primary pulmonary tuberculosis can involve regional lymph nodes which may resolve spontaneously or on treatment; or they may enlarge causing extrinsic bronchial compression; or cause endobronchial inflammation and ulceration; or a node may erode through the bronchial wall with extrusion of caseous materials into the bronchial tree, causing focal or lobar pneumonia. This erosion is seen radiologically as hilar lymphadenopathy, with atelectasis and consolidation and described as "epituberculosis". It is more common in infants than older children...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204339/chest-pain-in-a-young-immunocompetent-male-a-rare-case-scenario
#8
M D Badusha, Ramanjula Reddy, Konathala Phani Kumar, Satyasri
Musculoskeletal tuberculosis is the commonest form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis however Rib lesion is uncommon and occurs in zero to five percent of bone and joint tuberculosis. In our case report both chest X ray and CT were useful in demonstrating the skeletal lesion and also in the assessment of response to treatment, as follow up chest X ray and CT scan at 4 months and after 12 months of anti tubercular drugs showed remarkable new bone formation and clearing of pleura parenchymal lesions.
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204099/tuberculosis-infection-in-children-with-proteinuria-nephrotic-syndrome
#9
Hanna Szymanik-Grzelak, Elżbieta Kuźma-Mroczkowska, Piotr Skrzypczyk, Teresa Bielecka, Iwona Kotula, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) are at greater risk of infections than the general population, due to immunodeficiency in the course of the disease and the treatment. In this study we present 4 children (2 girls, 2 boys), mean age 7.6 ±5.1 years, with NS/proteinuria and latent tuberculosis in 3 children and lymph node tuberculosis in 1 child. The reasons for testing these children for tuberculosis (TB) were the evaluation of the epidemiological status before treatment with corticosteroids (GCS), leukopenia and the relapse of NS, and non-nephrotic proteinuria...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201654/increasing-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-uptake-in-an-hiv-program-in-rural-papua-new-guinea
#10
A Carmone, C A Rodriguez, T D Frank, M Kiromat, P W Bongi, R G Kuno, T Palou, M F Franke
Setting: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in Papua New Guinea. Despite a policy for isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) among PLHIV, implementation has been slow. Objective: We prospectively evaluated a standardized guided screening process, including TB diagnostic support, to increase IPT initiation in adult PLHIV on antiretro-viral treatment. Design: The guided process included a paper-based IPT screening tool that prompted review of patient history and TB symptoms and sputum analysis by smear microscopy and Xpert® MTB/RIF...
September 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200837/the-relationship-of-ssri-and-snri-usage-with-interstitial-lung-disease-and-bronchiectasis-in-an-elderly-population-a-case-control-study
#11
Ted Rosenberg, Rory Lattimer, Patrick Montgomery, Christian Wiens, Liran Levy
Background: The association between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSRI/SNRI) has been previously described in published case reports. However, its prevalence may be more common than expected. We examined the association between SSRI/SNRI usage and presence of ILD and or bronchiectasis (ILD/B) in an elderly population. Methods: We conducted a retrospective case series and case-control study involving all 296 eligible elderly patients in one primary care geriatric practice in Victoria, BC, Canada...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183369/improving-tuberculosis-case-detection-in-underdeveloped-multi-ethnic-regions-with-high-disease-burden-a-case-study-of-integrated-control-program-in-china
#12
Jun Li, Xiao-Qiu Liu, Shi-Wen Jiang, Xue Li, Fei Yu, Yan Wang, Yong Peng, Xiao-Ming Gu, Yan-Ni Sun, Hui Zhang, Li-Xia Wang
BACKGROUND: In the underdeveloped multi-ethnic regions of China, high tuberculosis (TB) burden and regional inequity in access to healthcare service increase the challenge of achieving the End TB goals. Among all the provinces, the highest TB burden is reported in Xinjiang, where ethnic minorities and older people have suffered most. However, current case-finding strategy is inadequate given the complex social determinants and suboptimal case detection rates. Thus, we developed an integrated TB control program to improve case detection and conducted a pilot in Xinjiang from 2014 to 2015...
November 29, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181136/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-tuberculosis-active-case-finding-among-children-living-with-tuberculosis-relatives-a-cross-sectional-study-in-guinea-bissau
#13
L Bosa, L Da Silva, D V Mendes, A Sifna, M Sargento Mendes, F Riccardi, R Colombatti
Background and objectives: The World Health Organization End tuberculosis (TB) Strategy, approved in 2014, aims at a 90% reduction in TB deaths and an 80% reduction in TB incidence rate by 2030. One of the suggested interventions is the systematic screening of people with suspected TB, belonging to specific risk groups. The Hospital Raoul Follereau (HRF) in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, is the National Reference Hospital for Tuberculosis and Lung Disease of the country. We performed an active case-finding program among pediatric age family members and cohabitants of admitted adult TB patients, from January to December 2013...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179780/a-highly-transmissible-tuberculosis-outbreak-the-importance-of-bars
#14
P Godoy, M Alsedà, M Falguera, T Puig, P Bach, M Monrabà, A Manonelles
The transmission of tuberculosis (TB) in bars is difficult to study. The objective was to describe a large TB outbreak in a company's bar and other leisure settings. A descriptive study of a TB outbreak was carried out. Contacts were studied in the index case's workplace bar (five circles of contacts) and other recreational areas (social network of three bars in the index case's neighbourhood). Chest X-rays were recommended to contacts with positive tuberculin skin tests (TST) (⩾5 mm). The risk of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) was determined using an adjusted odds ratio...
November 28, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179285/-efficacy-of-3d-print-guide-technique-in-one-stage-posterior-approach-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-and-thoracic-tuberculosis-with-kyphosis
#15
Nazierhan Shaxika, Z G Sun, H Yuan, H Wang
Objective: To investigate the application of 3D printing technology in the treatment of patients with cervical kyphosis and paraplegia in different segments of the cervical spine after one-stage debridement, bone graft fusion and pedicle screw fixation. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2017, a total of 31 patients with thoracolumbar tuberculosis were treated in the Department of Orthopaedics, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region people's Hospital.Lesions of the thoracic spine (T1-T4) in 8 cases, (C5-C7) in 10 cases, cervical and thoracic segment in 13 cases, involving a total of 2 cases of vertebral body in 7 cases, 3 cases of vertebral body in 14 cases, 4 cases of vertebral body...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171457/tubercular-colitis-masquerading-as-ischemic-colitis-an-unusual-presentation
#16
Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Kaushal K Prasad, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta
Tuberculosis is a common clinical problem which can involve virtually any organ and mimic a multitude of clinical conditions. Colonic tuberculosis is a type of intestinal tuberculosis which involves the colon and mimics inflammatory bowel disease. Occasionally, it is also confused with colonic malignancy. We report the case of a young female who presented with abdominal pain, bleeding per rectum. Abdominal X-ray showed evidence of thumb-printing. A possibility of ischemic colitis was entertained. However, further investigation unraveled the presence of tubercular colitis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165665/novel-structural-features-drive-dna-binding-properties-of-cmr-a-crp-family-protein-in-tb-complex-mycobacteria
#17
Sridevi Ranganathan, Jonah Cheung, Michael Cassidy, Christopher Ginter, Janice D Pata, Kathleen A McDonough
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) encodes two CRP/FNR family transcription factors (TF) that contribute to virulence, Cmr (Rv1675c) and CRPMt (Rv3676). Prior studies identified distinct chromosomal binding profiles for each TF despite their recognizing overlapping DNA motifs. The present study shows that Cmr binding specificity is determined by discriminator nucleotides at motif positions 4 and 13. X-ray crystallography and targeted mutational analyses identified an arginine-rich loop that expands Cmr's DNA interactions beyond the classical helix-turn-helix contacts common to all CRP/FNR family members and facilitates binding to imperfect DNA sequences...
November 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162063/elevated-aspergillus-specific-antibody-levels-among-hiv-infected-ugandans-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#18
Richard Kwizera, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi, Iain D Page, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Joseph Musaazi, Jan Fehr, Barbara Castelnuovo, Andrew Kambugu, David W Denning
BACKGROUND: The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) is high among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected Ugandans. Recent evidence suggests that Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis and Aspergillus sensitisation might be responsible for significant mortality in patients treated for tuberculosis in Uganda. METHODS: We retrieved and tested paired serum aliquots for 101 HIV-TB co-infected patients at the beginning and week 24 of TB treatment. We tested samples for Aspergillus-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin E (IgE) using ImmunoCAP®; and Aspergillus-specific IgG and total serum IgE using Immulite® immunoassays...
November 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154992/structural-and-biophysical-characterization-of-rv3716c-a-hypothetical-protein-from-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#19
A Gopalan, G Deka, M Prabhavathi, H S Savithri, M R N Murthy, A Raja
Latent tuberculosis (TB) is the main hurdle in reaching the goal of "Stop TB 2050". Tuberculin skin and Interferon-gamma release assay tests used currently for the diagnosis of TB infection cannot distinguish between active disease and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and hence new and sensitive protein markers need to be identified for the diagnosis. A protein Rv3716c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MtbRv3716c) has been identified as a potential surrogate marker for the diagnosis of LTBI. Here, we present characterization of MtbRv3716c (∼13 kDa) using both biophysical and X-Ray crystallographic methods...
November 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152599/a-novel-clinical-sign-in-intraocular-tuberculosis-active-chorioretinitis-within-chorioretinal-atrophy
#20
Avinash Pathengay, Bhavik Panchal, Himadri Choudhury, Soumyava Basu, Nidhi Relhan, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: To report a novel clinical sign in patients with intraocular tuberculosis. The current study is an observational consecutive case series of patients diagnosed with intraocular tuberculosis managed at a tertiary eye care centre from June 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. Observations: The diagnosis of intraocular tuberculosis was made in 6 patients based on ocular features suggestive of tuberculosis along with a positive tuberculin skin testing and chest X-ray consistent with tuberculosis...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
keyword
keyword
76135
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"