keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SGCD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883879/limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2e-due-to-a-novel-large-deletion-in-sgcb-gene
#1
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Majid Fardaei, Mohammad Miryounesi
Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD type 2) are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases with the main characteristics of weakness and wasting of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Among them are sarcoglycanopathies caused by mutations in at least four genes named SGCA, SGCB, SGCG and SGCD. Here we report a consanguineous Iranian family with two children affected with LGMD type 2E. Mutation analysis revealed a novel homozygous exon 2 deletion of SGCB gene in the patients with the parents being heterozygous for this deletion...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797108/natural-disease-history-of-mouse-models-for-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-types-2d-and-2f
#2
S Pasteuning-Vuhman, K Putker, C L Tanganyika-de Winter, J W Boertje-van der Meulen, L van Vliet, M Overzier, J J Plomp, A Aartsma-Rus, M van Putten
Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy types 2D and 2F (LGMD 2D and 2F) are autosomal recessive disorders caused by mutations in the alpha- and delta sarcoglycan genes, respectively, leading to severe muscle weakness and degeneration. The cause of the disease has been well characterized and a number of animal models are available for pre-clinical studies to test potential therapeutic interventions. To facilitate transition from drug discovery to clinical trials, standardized procedures and natural disease history data were collected for these mouse models...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702169/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#3
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697784/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#4
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
July 11, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687063/lgmd2e-is-the-most-common-type-of-sarcoglycanopathies-in-the-iranian-population
#5
Afagh Alavi, Sara Esmaeili, Yalda Nilipour, Shahriar Nafissi, Seyed Hasan Tonekaboni, Gholamreza Zamani, Mahmoud Reza Ashrafi, Kimia Kahrizi, Hossein Najmabadi, Fatemeh Jazayeri
Sarcoglycanopathies (SGCs) which are caused by mutations in SGCA, SGCB, SGCG or SGCD genes are a subgroup of autosomal-recessive limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophies (LGMD2). Although frequencies of mutations in these genes are different among populations, mutations in SGCA and SGCD, respectively, have the highest and lowest frequencies in most populations. Here, we report the proportion of mutations in SGC genes among a group of Iranian SGCs patients. Clinical features and results of SGC genes screening of 25 SGCs probands are presented...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593034/nanospan-an-alternatively-spliced-isoform-of-sarcospan-localizes-to-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-in-skeletal-muscle-and-is-absent-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2f
#6
Angela K Peter, Gaynor Miller, Joana Capote, Marino DiFranco, Alhondra Solares-Pérez, Emily L Wang, Jim Heighway, Ramón M Coral-Vázquez, Julio Vergara, Rachelle H Crosbie-Watson
BACKGROUND: Sarcospan (SSPN) is a transmembrane protein that interacts with the sarcoglycans (SGs) to form a tight subcomplex within the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex that spans the sarcolemma and interacts with laminin in the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of SSPN ameliorates Duchenne muscular dystrophy in murine models. METHODS: Standard cloning approaches were used to identify nanospan, and nanospan-specific polyclonal antibodies were generated and validated...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587652/nanospan-an-alternatively-spliced-isoform-of-sarcospan-localizes-to-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-in-skeletal-muscle-and-is-absent-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2f
#7
Angela K Peter, Gaynor Miller, Joana Capote, Marino DiFranco, Alhondra Solares-Pérez, Emily L Wang, Jim Heighway, Ramón M Coral-Vázquez, Julio Vergara, Rachelle H Crosbie-Watson
BACKGROUND: Sarcospan (SSPN) is a transmembrane protein that interacts with the sarcoglycans (SGs) to form a tight subcomplex within the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex that spans the sarcolemma and interacts with laminin in the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of SSPN ameliorates Duchenne muscular dystrophy in murine models. METHODS: Standard cloning approaches were used to identify nanospan, and nanospan-specific polyclonal antibodies were generated and validated...
June 6, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412737/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-sgcd-and-acvrl1-mutations-associated-with-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-return-tapvr-in-chinese-population
#8
Jun Li, Shiwei Yang, Zhening Pu, Juncheng Dai, Tao Jiang, Fangzhi Du, Zhu Jiang, Yue Cheng, Genyin Dai, Jun Wang, Jirong Qi, Liming Cao, Xueying Cheng, Cong Ren, Xinli Li, Yuming Qin
As a rare type of Congenital Heart Defects (CHD), the genetic mechanism of Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR) remains unknown, although previous studies have revealed potential disease-driving regions/genes. Blood samples collected from the 6 sporadic TAPVR cases and 81 non-TAPVR controls were subjected to whole exome sequencing. All detected variations were confirmed by direct Sanger sequencing. Here, we identified 2 non-synonymous missense mutations: c.C652T, p.R218W in activin A receptor type II-like 1 (ACVRL1), c...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131743/novel-genes-involved-in-pathophysiology-of-gonadotropin-dependent-adrenal-tumors-in-mice
#9
Milena Doroszko, Marcin Chrusciel, Kirstine Belling, Susanna Vuorenoja, Marlene Dalgaard, Henrik Leffers, H Bjørn Nielsen, Ilpo Huhtaniemi, Jorma Toppari, Nafis A Rahman
Specific inbred strains and transgenic inhibin-α Simian Virus 40 T antigen (inhα/Tag) mice are genetically susceptible to gonadectomy-induced adrenocortical neoplasias. We identified altered gene expression in prepubertally gonadectomized (GDX) inhα/Tag and wild-type (WT) mice. Besides earlier reported Gata4 and Lhcgr, we found up-regulated Esr1, Prlr-rs1, and down-regulated Grb10, Mmp24, Sgcd, Rerg, Gnas, Nfatc2, Gnrhr, Igf2 in inhα/Tag adrenal tumors. Sex-steroidogenic enzyme genes expression (Srd5a1, Cyp19a1) was up-regulated in tumors, but adrenal-specific steroidogenic enzyme (Cyp21a1, Cyp11b1, Cyp11b2) down-regulated...
January 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999547/myocardial-contractile-dysfunction-is-present-without-histopathology-in-a-mouse-model-of-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2f-and-is-prevented-after-claudin-5-virotherapy
#10
Nima Milani-Nejad, Eric J Schultz, Jessica L Slabaugh, Paul M L Janssen, Jill A Rafael-Fortney
Mutations in several members of the dystrophin glycoprotein complex lead to skeletal and cardiomyopathies. Cardiac care for these muscular dystrophies consists of management of symptoms with standard heart medications after detection of reduced whole heart function. Recent evidence from both Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients and animal models suggests that myocardial dysfunction is present before myocardial damage or deficiencies in whole heart function, and that treatment prior to heart failure symptoms may be beneficial...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488758/a-hypertrophic-and-dilated-cardiomyopathic-sudden-cardiac-death-case-de-novo-mutations-in-ttn-and-sgcd-genes
#11
Çetin Lütfi Baydar, Minel Özen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276190/a-rare-form-of-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2e-seen-in-an-iranian-family-detected-by-autozygosity-mapping
#12
Marzieh Mojbafan, Yalda Nilipour, Seyed Hasan Tonekaboni, Samira Dabbagh Bagheri, Hamideh Bagherian, Zohreh Sharifi, Zahra Zeinali, Javad Tavakkoly-Bazzaz, Sirous Zeinali
Sarcoglycanopathies (SGPs) constitute a subgroup of autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) which are caused by mutations in sarcoglycan (SGs) genes. SG proteins form a core complex consisting of α, β, γ and δ sarcoglycans which are encoded by SGCA, SGCB, SGCG and SGCD genes, respectively. Genetic defect, in any of these SG proteins, results in instability of the whole complex. This effect can be helpful in interpreting muscle biopsy results. Autozygosity mapping is a gene mapping approach which can be applied in large consanguineous families for tracking the defective gene in most autosomal recessive disorders...
March 2016: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25962502/dynamic-transcriptome-profiles-of-skeletal-muscle-tissue-across-11-developmental-stages-for-both-tongcheng-and-yorkshire-pigs
#13
Yuqiang Zhao, Ji Li, Huijing Liu, Yu Xi, Ming Xue, Wanghong Liu, Zhenhua Zhuang, Minggang Lei
BACKGROUND: The growth and development of skeletal muscle directly impacts the quantity and quality of pork production. Chinese indigenous pig breeds and exotic species vary greatly in terms of muscle production and performance traits. We present transcriptome profiles of 110 skeletal muscle samples from Tongcheng (TC) and Yorkshire (YK) pigs at 11 developmental periods (30, 40, 55, 63, 70, 90, and 105 days of gestation, and 0, 1, 3, and 5 weeks of age) using digital gene expression on Solexa/Illumina's Genome Analyzer platform to investigate the differences in prenatal and postnatal skeletal muscle between the two breeds...
2015: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25921929/angiotensin-dependent-autonomic-dysregulation-precedes-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-a-mouse-model-of-muscular-dystrophy
#14
Rasna Sabharwal, Robert M Weiss, Kathy Zimmerman, Oliver Domenig, Michael Z Cicha, Mark W Chapleau
What is the central question of this study? Is autonomic dysregulation in a mouse model of muscular dystrophy dependent on left ventricular systolic dysfunction and/or activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and does it predict development of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)? What is the main finding and its importance? The results demonstrate that autonomic dysregulation precedes and predicts left ventricular dysfunction and DCM in sarcoglycan-δ-deficient (Sgcd-/-) mice. The autonomic dysregulation is prevented by treatment of young Sgcd-/- mice with the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker losartan...
July 1, 2015: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25514360/genome-wide-association-study-identification-of-novel-loci-associated-with-airway-responsiveness-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Nadia N Hansel, Peter D Paré, Nicholas Rafaels, Don D Sin, Andrew Sandford, Denise Daley, Candelaria Vergara, Lili Huang, W Mark Elliott, Chris D Pascoe, Bryna A Arsenault, Dirkje S Postma, H Marike Boezen, Yohan Bossé, Maarten van den Berge, Pieter S Hiemstra, Michael H Cho, Augusto A Litonjua, David Sparrow, Carole Ober, Robert A Wise, John Connett, Enid R Neptune, Terri H Beaty, Ingo Ruczinski, Rasika A Mathias, Kathleen C Barnes
Increased airway responsiveness is linked to lung function decline and mortality in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, the genetic contribution to airway responsiveness remains largely unknown. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using the Illumina (San Diego, CA) Human660W-Quad BeadChip on European Americans with COPD from the Lung Health Study. Linear regression models with correlated meta-analyses, including data from baseline (n = 2,814) and Year 5 (n = 2,657), were used to test for common genetic variants associated with airway responsiveness...
August 2015: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25454734/assessment-of-ventricular-function-in-mouse-models-of-muscular-dystrophy-a-comparison-of-mri-with-conductance-catheter
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alison M Blain, Elizabeth Greally, Steven H Laval, Andrew M Blamire, Guy A MacGowan, Volker W Straub
Outcomes of clinical trials depend on the quality of preceding preclinical research, yet functional assays and outcome measures for mouse models of disease are often poorly standardized or inappropriate. Muscular dystrophies are associated with cardiomyopathy so preclinical research requires reliable measures of cardiac function in animal models of the disease. MRI and conductance catheter were compared as preclinical tools to detect cardiomyopathy in two mouse models of muscular dystrophy. Sgcd-/-, mdx and C57Bl10 mice (n = 7/group) were assessed by catheter following MRI at an early stage of cardiomyopathy...
January 2015: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25106553/myofiber-specific-inhibition-of-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-protects-skeletal-muscle-from-injury-and-dystrophic-disease-in-mice
#17
Federica Accornero, Onur Kanisicak, Andoria Tjondrokoesoemo, Aria C Attia, Elizabeth M McNally, Jeffery D Molkentin
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a disease characterized by skeletal muscle necrosis and the progressive accumulation of fibrotic tissue. While transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has emerged as central effector of MD and fibrotic disease, the cell types in diseased muscle that underlie TGFβ-dependent pathology have not been segregated. Here, we generated transgenic mice with myofiber-specific inhibition of TGFβ signaling owing to expression of a TGFβ type II receptor dominant-negative (dnTGFβRII) truncation mutant...
December 20, 2014: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24876160/p38%C3%AE-mapk-underlies-muscular-dystrophy-and-myofiber-death-through-a-bax-dependent-mechanism
#18
Erin R Wissing, Justin G Boyer, Jennifer Q Kwong, Michelle A Sargent, Jason Karch, Elizabeth M McNally, Kinya Otsu, Jeffery D Molkentin
Muscular dystrophies are a group of genetic diseases that lead to muscle wasting and, in most cases, premature death. Cytokines and inflammatory factors are released during the disease process where they promote deleterious signaling events that directly participate in myofiber death. Here, we show that p38α, a kinase in the greater mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-signaling network, serves as a nodal regulator of disease signaling in dystrophic muscle. Deletion of Mapk14 (p38α-encoding gene) in the skeletal muscle of mdx- (lacking dystrophin) or sgcd- (δ-sarcoglycan-encoding gene) null mice resulted in a significant reduction in pathology up to 6 months of age...
October 15, 2014: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24662047/na-dysregulation-coupled-with-ca2-entry-through-ncx1-promotes-muscular-dystrophy-in-mice
#19
Adam R Burr, Douglas P Millay, Sanjeewa A Goonasekera, Ki Ho Park, Michelle A Sargent, James Collins, Francisco Altamirano, Kenneth D Philipson, Paul D Allen, Jianjie Ma, José Rafael López, Jeffery D Molkentin
Unregulated Ca(2+) entry is thought to underlie muscular dystrophy. Here, we generated skeletal-muscle-specific transgenic (TG) mice expressing the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger 1 (NCX1) to model its identified augmentation during muscular dystrophy. The NCX1 transgene induced dystrophy-like disease in all hind-limb musculature, as well as exacerbated the muscle disease phenotypes in δ-sarcoglycan (Sgcd(-/-)), Dysf(-/-), and mdx mouse models of muscular dystrophy. Antithetically, muscle-specific deletion of the Slc8a1 (NCX1) gene diminished hind-limb pathology in Sgcd(-/-) mice...
June 2014: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24556214/enhanced-ca%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C2%BA-influx-from-stim1-orai1-induces-muscle-pathology-in-mouse-models-of-muscular-dystrophy
#20
Sanjeewa A Goonasekera, Jennifer Davis, Jennifer Q Kwong, Federica Accornero, Lan Wei-LaPierre, Michelle A Sargent, Robert T Dirksen, Jeffery D Molkentin
Muscular dystrophy is a progressive muscle wasting disease that is thought to be initiated by unregulated Ca(2+) influx into myofibers leading to their death. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) through sarcolemmal Ca(2+) selective Orai1 channels in complex with STIM1 in the sarcoplasmic reticulum is one such potential disease mechanism for pathologic Ca(2+) entry. Here, we generated a mouse model of STIM1 overexpression in skeletal muscle to determine whether this type of Ca(2+) entry could induce muscular dystrophy...
July 15, 2014: Human Molecular Genetics
keyword
keyword
76132
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"