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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922257/european-implementation-of-the-2014-esc-esa-guideline-on-non-cardiac-surgery-cardiovascular-assessment-and-management
#1
Lena Koers, Wolfgang S Schlack, Markus W Hollmann, Stefan DE Hert, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: Substandard implementation of a guideline is a major factor contributing to poor guideline adherence and has the potential to result in preventable patient harm. This study aims to quantify the uptake of the European guideline on non-cardiac surgery1,2 by European anaesthetists. METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. Data was collected during Euroanaesthesia, the annual congresses of the Dutch Society of Anaesthesiology, European Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesiologists and European Society for Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy in 2015...
December 6, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903661/risk-assessment-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#2
REVIEW
Amresh Raina, Marc Humbert
Regular patient assessment is essential for the management of chronic diseases, such as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Comprehensive patient assessment and risk stratification in PAH are important to guide treatment decisions and to monitor disease progression as well as patients' response to treatment. Approaches for assessing risk in PAH patients include the use of risk variables, as recommended in the 2015 European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS) pulmonary hypertension (PH) guidelines, and the application of risk equations and scores, such as the French registry risk equation and the REVEAL registry risk score...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903027/-esc-guidelines-2015-pulmonary-hypertension-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Christian Opitz, Stephan Rosenkranz, Hossein Ardeschir Ghofrani, Ekkehard Grünig, Hans Klose, Horst Olschewski, Marius Hoeper
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by an increase in PAPmean > 25 mmHg associated with a reduced life expectancy. Recent advances in the management of these patients provided the basis for the updated recommendations of the 2015 joint guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. The updated version includes important modifications with regards to hemodynamic definitions, clinical classification and diagnostic assessment of patients with PH...
November 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869901/-2015-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-presenting-without-persistent-st-segment-elevation-task-force-for-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-presenting-without-persistent-st-segment-elevation-of-the
#4
Marco Roffi, Carlo Patrono, Jean-Philippe Collet, Christian Mueller, Marco Valgimigli, Felicita Andreotti, Jeroen J Bax, Michael A Borger, Carlos Brotons, Derek P Chew, Baris Gencer, Gerd Hasenfuss, Keld Kjeldsen, Patrizio Lancellotti, Ulf Landmesser, Julinda Mehilli, Debabrata Mukherjee, Robert F Storey, Stephan Windecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869897/-the-five-most-important-novelties-in-the-2015-esc-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-patients-presenting-without-persistent-st-segment-elevation
#5
Leonardo De Luca, Leonardo Bolognese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822623/-esc-and-aha-guidelines-2015-on-endocarditis-in-competition-or-synchrony
#6
Bernhard Maisch
In the 2015 guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) on infective endocarditis, the diagnostics are based on the modified Duke criteria. The diagnosis can be confirmed by a combination of micro-organisms demonstrated in culture or in situ, with the detection of valvular lesions or abscess formation by an imaging modality using echocardiography, positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), cardio-CT or nuclear medical methods. The management should be further improved by an interdisciplinary endocarditis team in a specifically designated reference center...
December 2016: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774267/the-clinical-significance-of-plasma-neopterin-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#7
Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Hirata, Takanori Tokitsu, Hiroaki Kusaka, Noriaki Tabata, Kenichi Tsujita, Megumi Yamamuro, Koichi Kaikita, Hiroshi Watanabe, Seiji Hokimoto, Toru Maruyama, Hisao Ogawa
AIMS: Although inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF), the precise pathophysiological role of inflammation in HF with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) still remains unclear. Hence, we examined the clinical significance of plasma neopterin, an inflammatory biomarker, in HFpEF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the present study, we recruited consecutive HFpEF patients hospitalized in Kumamoto University Hospital, and further measured plasma neopterin by high-performance liquid chromatography and serum derivatives of reactive oxidative metabolites (DROM), a new biomarker of reactive oxygen species...
March 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734359/efficient-induction-and-isolation-of-human-primordial-germ-cell-like-cells-from-competent-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#8
Naoko Irie, M Azim Surani
We recently reported a robust and defined culture system for the specification of human primordial germ cell-like cells (hPGCLCs) from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), both embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in vitro (Irie et al. Cell 160: 253-268, 2015). Similar attempts previously produced hPGCLCs from hPSCs at a very low efficiency, and the resulting cells were not fully characterized. A key step, which facilitated efficient hPGCLC specification from hPSCs, was the induction of a "competent" state for PGC fate via the medium containing a cocktail of four inhibitors...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702851/the-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-current-technology-and-evolving-indications
#9
Sven Reek, Haran Burri, Paul R Roberts, Christian Perings, Andrew E Epstein, Helmut U Klein
The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator has been available for over a decade and now is frequently prescribed for patients deemed at high arrhythmic risk in whom the underlying pathology is potentially reversible or who are awaiting an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. The use of the wearable cardioverter-defibrillator is included in the new 2015 ESC guidelines for the management of ventricular arrhythmias and prevention of sudden cardiac death. The present review provides insight into the current technology and an overview of this approach...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701691/-update-on-pericardial-diseases
#10
Joachim Seichter, Bernhard Schieffer
In 2015, an updated version of the ESC guidelines on pericardial diseases was published. The new guidelines summarize findings in the area of etiology, diagnosis and therapy of pericardial diseases and introduce an algorithm to diagnose pericarditis. Additionally, criteria for hospital submission were introduced. The use of multimodal imaging procedures was emphasized and medical as well as interventional therapy strategies were adapted to current knowledge.
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684876/eif2ak4-mutation-in-pulmonary-veno-occlusive-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Li Liang, Guofeng Ma, Kai Chen, Yangxiang Liu, Xiaohong Wu, Kejing Ying, Ruifeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare and devastating cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension with a non-specific clinical presentation and a relatively specific presentation in high-resolution thoracic CT scan images. Definitive diagnosis is made by histological examination in previous. According to the 2015 ESC/ERS Guidelines, detection of a mutation in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha kinase 4 (EIF2AK4) without histological confirmation is recommended to validate the diagnosis of PVOD...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642739/-an-unexpected-cause-of-dyspnea-and-degradation-of-performance
#12
Peter Seizer, Michaela Rockenstiehl, Suzanne Fateh-Moghadam, Susanne Haen, Ferruh Artunc, Martin R Müller, Azadeh Ebrahimi, Reimer Riessen, Meinrad Gawaz, Falko Fend, Michael Haap
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 55-year old man suffers from progressive, distinctive dyspnoea and physical weakness since 5 days. Due to ST-segment changes in the ECG and a positive troponin-test, the primary care physician initiates an hospitalization. INVESTIGATIONS: After admission, the laboratory tests confirm the elevated troponin-values, and show additionally elevated pro-brain-natriuric-peptide-values. The coronary angiography presents a highly reduced left ventricular function, an aortic insufficiency III° and a coronary heart disease...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640619/-changes-in-the-2015-guideline-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#13
Tamás Forster
The new 2015 ESC/ERS Guideline refined the diagnostic criteria of pulmonary hypertension. A new diagnostic algorithm is suggested. The therapeutic algorithm is renewed on the basis of newly registered drugs. Besides the usual sequential combination, the immediate (initial) combination is proposed as an alternative way. Pulmonary hypertension should be treated in expert referral centers. Orv. Hetil., 2016, 157(38), 1522-1525.
September 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581243/-updated-esc-guideline-innovations-for-the-treatment-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-and-recommendations-for-prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death
#14
L Eckardt, T Deneke
The 2015 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines for the management of patients with ventricular arrhythmias and the prevention of sudden cardiac death is an update of the former 2006 European/American guidelines. This new consensus document gives a detailed overview on prevention and therapy of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. This includes detailed discussion of channelopathies and various cardiomyopathies. Gaps in evidence are identified and also discussed. DNA analysis and postmortem assessment in sudden cardiac death victims is for the first time part of these new recommendations...
September 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496955/access-to-and-clinical-use-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-and-interventional-electrophysiological-procedures-in-the-european-society-of-cardiology-countries-2016-report-from-the-european-heart-rhythm-association
#15
M J Pekka Raatikainen, David O Arnar, Bela Merkely, A John Camm, Gerhardt Hindricks
AIMS: The aim of this analysis was to provide comprehensive information on the access to and use of cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) and catheter ablation therapy in the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) area. METHODS AND RESULTS: The European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) has been collecting descriptive and quantitative data on invasive arrhythmia therapies since 2008. This year 50 of the 56 ESC member countries provided data for the EHRA White Book...
August 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471755/cardiopulse-gold-medallists-as-esc-congress-2015
#16
A Tofield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2015: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439175/comparison-of-acc-aha-and-esc-guideline-recommendations-following-trial-evidence-for-statin-use-in-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-results-from-the-population-based-rotterdam-study
#17
Jelena Pavlovic, Philip Greenland, Jaap W Deckers, Jasper J Brugts, Maryam Kavousi, Klodian Dhana, M Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman, Bruno H Stricker, Oscar H Franco, Maarten J G Leening
IMPORTANCE: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines both recommend lipid-lowering treatment for primary prevention based on global risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for statin use have included participants with specific risk-factor profiles. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overlap between the ACC/AHA and ESC guideline recommendations and available evidence from RCTs for statin use in primary prevention of CVD...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434662/population-effect-of-differences-in-cholesterol-guidelines-in-eastern-europe-and-the-united-states
#18
Jerry C Lee, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Michael J Pencina, Adam Wyszomirski, Mateusz Lachacz, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Bandosz, Marcin Rutkowski, Zbigniew Gaciong, Bogdan Wyrzykowski, Ann M Navar
IMPORTANCE: The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines for the management of blood cholesterol and the current European Society of Cardiology/European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines differ in how they identify adults in need of statin therapy; furthermore, it is unclear how this difference translates into numbers and characteristics of patients recommended for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the ACC/AHA and ESC/EAS cholesterol guidelines when applied to a population-based sample...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424341/-highlights-from-the-2015-esc-nste-acs-guidelines
#19
Marco Roffi, Christian Müller, Marco Valgimigli, Stephan Windecker, Baris Gencer
The 2015 non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology have been published 4 years after the previous edition. A new algorithm was presented for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction based on the measurement of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin levels at presentation and at 1 hour, including a guidance on the duration of cardiac rhythm monitoring. New recommendations address the management of antiplatelet therapy regarding duration of dual antiplatelet therapy, in patients requiring long-term anticoagulation or undergoing urgent coronary artery bypass surgery as well as of acute bleeding events related to antithrombotics...
May 25, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417010/management-of-patients-with-nste-acs-a-comparison-of-the-recent-aha-acc-and-esc-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Fatima Rodriguez, Kenneth W Mahaffey
Non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease worldwide. The American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology and the European Society of Cardiology periodically release practice guidelines to guide clinicians in the management of NSTE-ACS, most recently in in 2014 and 2015, respectively. The present review compares and contrasts the 2 guidelines, with a focus on the strength of recommendation and level of evidence in the approach to initial presentation and diagnosis of NSTE-ACS, risk assessment, treatments, and systems of care...
July 19, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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