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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039675/hpv-related-knowledge-among-dentists-and-dental-hygienists
#1
Ellen M Daley, Erika L Thompson, Cheryl A Vamos, Stacey B Griner, Coralia Vazquez-Otero, Alicia L Best, Nolan S Kline, Laura K Merrell
Dental providers, such as dentists and dental hygienists, play an important role in HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer prevention. Dental professional organizations recommend dental providers educate patients about HPV and oral cancers. The objective of this study was to assess HPV knowledge among dental providers. Dentists (n = 36) and dental hygienists (n = 146) attending a professional conference completed a continuing education post-test survey, which included socio-demographics, an HPV knowledge scale, and measure of HPV discussion with patients ("no," "yes," and "yes, but only with some patients")...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036070/young-hungarian-students-knowledge-about-hpv-and-their-attitude-toward-hpv-vaccination
#2
Bettina Claudia Balla, András Terebessy, Emese Tóth, Péter Balázs
(1) Background: Hungarys's estimated cervical cancer mortality was 6.9/100,000 in 2012, above the average of the EU27 countries (3.7/100,000) in the same year. Since 2014, the bivalent HPV vaccine has been offered to schoolgirls aged 12-13. (2) Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 1022 high school seniors (492 girls, 530 boys) in 19 randomly selected schools in Budapest. Our anonymous questionnaire contained 54 items: basic socio-demographic data, knowledge about HPV infection/cervical cancer and HPV vaccination...
December 29, 2016: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030405/ce-human-papillomavirus-related-oral-cancers-the-nurse-s-role-in-mitigating-stigma-and-dispelling-myths
#3
Anne Katz
: The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oral cancers has been rising, the cancers occurring in adults at a younger age than HPV-negative oral cancers typically do and in men more often than women. Patients who are diagnosed often don't understand the disease's etiology. Because HPV is sexually transmitted, diagnosis with an HPV-related oral cancer may prompt feelings of shame, embarrassment, and guilt. There are currently three vaccines for HPV. It's essential for nurses to educate patients on HPV transmission and HPV-related oral cancer, thus helping to mitigate the stigma and dispel myths, and to promote vaccination in at-risk populations, including children and young adults...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011919/hpv-6-molecular-variants-association-with-the-development-of-genital-warts-in-men-the-him-study
#4
Ema Flores-Díaz, Karen A Sereday, Silvaneide Ferreira, Bradley Sirak, João Simão Sobrinho, Maria Luiza Baggio, Lenice Galan, Roberto C Silva, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Anna R Giuliano, Luisa L Villa, Laura Sichero
BACKGROUND: HPV-6 and 11 are the etiological agents of approximately 90% genital warts (GWs). The impact of HPV-6 genetic heterogeneity on persistence and progression to GWs remains undetermined. METHODS: HPV Infection in Men (HIM) study participants who had HPV-6 genital swabs and/or GWs preceded by a viable normal genital swab were analyzed. Variants characterization was performed by PCR-sequencing and samples classified within lineages (A, B) and sub-lineages (B1, B2, B3, B4, B5)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011913/trends-and-determinants-of-human-papillomavirus-concordance-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-heterosexual-couples-in-rakai-uganda
#5
Mary K Grabowski, Patti E Gravitt, Ronald H Gray, David Serwadda, Andrew D Redd, Godfrey Kigozi, Xiangrong Kong, Fred Nalugoda, Maria J Wawer, Thomas C Quinn, Aaron A R Tobian
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among HIV-negative or HIV-positive couples followed longitudinally. METHODS: Genital HPV was assessed in 725 concordant HIV-negative couples and 209 HIV-positive couples enrolled in a male circumcision trial in Rakai, Uganda using the Roche Linear Array assay which detects 37 HPV genotypes. HPV prevalence and determinants of genotype-specific concordance were assessed at annual visits...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011615/impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-selective-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Allen Lin, Koh J Ong, Peter Hobbelen, Eleanor King, David Mesher, W John Edmunds, Pam Sonnenberg, Richard Gilson, Irenjeet Bains, Yoon H Choi, Clare Tanton, Kate Soldan, Mark Jit
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a high lifetime risk of anogenital warts and cancers related to infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). They also benefit less from herd protection than heterosexual males in settings with female-only HPV vaccination. METHODS: We evaluated the potential health impact and cost-effectiveness of offering vaccination to MSM who visit genito-urinary medicine clinics. We used a mathematical model of HPV 6/11/16/18 sexual transmission within an MSM population in England, parameterised with sexual behaviour, GUM attendance, HPV prevalence, HIV prevalence, warts and cancer incidence data...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006858/eurogin-2016-roadmap-how-hpv-knowledge-is-changing-screening-practice
#7
REVIEW
Nicolas Wentzensen, Marc Arbyn, Johannes Berkhof, Mark Bower, Karen Canfell, Mark Einstein, Christopher Farley, Joseph Monsonego, Silvia Franceschi
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the necessary cause of most cervical cancers, a large proportion of other anogenital cancers, and a subset of oropharyngeal cancers. The knowledge about HPV has led to development of novel HPV-based prevention strategies with important impact on clinical and public health practice. Two complementary reviews have been prepared following the 2015 Eurogin Conference to evaluate how knowledge about HPV is changing practice in HPV infection and disease control through vaccination and screening...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993131/oral-cancer-incidence-and-survival-rates-in-the-republic-of-ireland-1994-2009
#8
Hala Ali, Sarah-Jo Sinnott, Paul Corcoran, Sandra Deady, Linda Sharp, Zubair Kabir
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a significant public health problem world-wide and exerts high economic, social, psychological, and physical burdens on patients, their families, and on their primary care providers. We set out to describe the changing trends in incidence and survival rates of oral cancer in Ireland between 1994 and 2009. METHODS: National data on incident oral cancers [ICD 10 codes C01-C06] were obtained from the National Cancer Registry Ireland from 1994 to 2009...
December 20, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993115/virus-oncolytic-virus-and-human-prostate-cancer
#9
Guang Bin Liu, Liang Zhao, Lifang Zhang, Kong-Nan Zhao
Prostate cancer (PCa), a disease, is characterized by abnormal cell growth in the prostate - a gland in the male reproductive system. PCa is one of the leading causes of cancer death among men of all races. Although older age and a family history of the disease have been recognized as the risk factors of PCa, the cause of this cancer remains unclear. Mounting evidence suggests that infections with various viruses are causally linked to PCa pathogenesis. Published studies have provided strong evidence that at least two viruses (RXMV and HPV) contribute to prostate tumourigenicity and impact on the survival of patients with malignant PCa...
December 15, 2016: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986194/cost-effectiveness-study-of-hpv-vaccination-as-a-primary-prevention-strategy-for-anal-cancer-in-hiv-positive-men-in-chile
#10
Constanza Vargas Parada, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Most anal cancers are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. The incidence is increasing, especially in high-risk individuals such as HIV-positive men. Evidence shows that the new quadrivalent HPV vaccine reduces the rates of anal intraepithelial neoplasia among men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaccinating against HPV-related anal cancer is cost-effective in HIV-positive men in Chile. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted by constructing a cohort multistate life-table-based Markov model in MS Excel in which the prevention of HPV infection was expected to influence the incidence of anal cancer in HIV-positive men...
December 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980529/ten-years-of-anti-hpv-vaccinations-what-do-we-know
#11
Robert Jach, Antoni Basta, Jan Kotarski, Janina Markowska, Tomasz Paszkowski, Romuald Dębski, Wojciech Rokita, Witold Kędzia, Krystyna Kiszka
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most important carcinogens in humans. Vaccines against HPV are now considered the first anti-cancer vaccinations. Since 2007, in many developed countries, there have been recommendations present for preventive vaccines against HPV. At present, the degree of implementation of these recommendations depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the health care system organization or the ways of funding. HPV vaccines are primarily to prevent the development of cervical cancer and other genital cancers...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977435/ce-human-papillomavirus-related-oral-cancers-the-nurse-s-role-in-mitigating-stigma-and-dispelling-myths
#12
Anne Katz
: Frank discussion is essential to both treatment and prevention. ABSTRACT: The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oral cancers has been rising, the cancers occurring in adults at a younger age than HPV-negative oral cancers typically do and in men more often than women. Patients who are diagnosed often don't understand the disease's etiology. Because HPV is sexually transmitted, diagnosis with an HPV-related oral cancer may prompt feelings of shame, embarrassment, and guilt...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935070/prevalence-of-genital-oral-and-anal-hpv-infection-among-sti-patients-in-italy
#13
Giulia Ciccarese, Astrid Herzum, Alfredo Rebora, Francesco Drago
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a carcinogenic agent responsible for tumor development in many sexually involved tissues. We present a survey on the prevalence of HPV infection in a risk population for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The studied population was formed by 125 STI clinic attendees, who took part in a screening program on STIs. To be included in the study, the patients had to show no overt clinical signs of HPV infection. Genital (cervical in women, urethral in men), anal, and oral samples were collected with ThinPrep liquid based cytology preparation system...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930766/differences-in-the-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-cancers-by-sex-race-anatomic-tumor-site-and-hpv-detection-method
#14
Gypsyamber D'Souza, William H Westra, Steven J Wang, Annemieke van Zante, Alicia Wentz, Nicole Kluz, Eleni Rettig, William R Ryan, Patrick K Ha, Hyunseok Kang, Justin Bishop, Harry Quon, Ana P Kiess, Jeremy D Richmon, David W Eisele, Carole Fakhry
Importance: Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes an increasing proportion of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCCs), particularly in white men. The prevalence of HPV among other demographic groups and other anatomic sites of HNSCC is unclear. Objective: To explore the role of HPV tumor status among women and nonwhites with OPSCC and patients with nonoropharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (non-OP HNSCC). Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study at 2 tertiary academic centers including cases diagnosed 1995 through 2012, oversampled for minorities and females...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902759/seroprevalence-and-associated-factors-of-9-valent-human-papillomavirus-hpv-types-among-men-in-the-multinational-him-study
#15
Shams Rahman, Christine M Pierce Campbell, Dana E Rollison, Wei Wang, Tim Waterboer, Angelika Michel, Michael Pawlita, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano Ponce, Amy R Borenstein, Anna R Giuliano
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Recently a 9-valent HPV (9vHPV) prophylactic vaccine was licensed. Seroprevalence prior to vaccine dissemination is needed for monitoring vaccine effectiveness over time. Few studies have assessed the seroprevalence of 9vHPV types in men. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the seroprevalence of 9vHPV vaccine types and associated risk factors among men residing in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902363/seroprevalence-of-cutaneous-human-papillomaviruses-hpvs-among-men-in-the-multinational-hpv-infection-in-men-study
#16
Shams Rahman, Christine M Pierce Campbell, Tim Waterboer, Dana E Rollison, Donna J Ingles, B Nelson Torres, Angelika Michel, Staci L Sudenga, Michael Pawlita, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano Ponce, Amy R Borenstein, Wei Wang, Anna R Giuliano
Data on cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) seroprevalence are primarily derived from skin cancer case-control studies. Few studies have reported the seroprevalence of cutaneous HPV among healthy men. This study investigated the seroprevalence of cutaneous HPV types and associated risk factors among men residing in Brazil, Mexico and the USA. Six hundred men were randomly selected from the HPV Infection in Men study. Archived serum specimens were tested for antibodies against 14 cutaneous HPV genotypes, β-HPV types (5/8/12/14/17/22/23/24/38/48), α-HPV 27, γ-HPV 4, µ-HPV1 and ν-HPV 41 using a glutathione S-transferase L1-based multiplex serology assay...
December 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893841/seroprevalence-of-cutaneous-human-papillomaviruses-and-the-risk-of-external-genital-lesions-in-men-a-nested-case-control-study
#17
Shams Rahman, Dana E Rollison, Christine M Pierce Campbell, Tim Waterboer, Angelika Michel, Michael Pawlita, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano Ponce, Wei Wang, Amy R Borenstein, Anna R Giuliano
BACKGROUND: A variety of cutaneous human papillomaviruses (HPV) are detectable in genital epithelial lesions in men and non-melanoma skin cancer patients. It remains unclear whether these viruses are associated causally with skin lesions. To date, no study has prospectively examined the association between cutaneous HPV seropositivity and development of external genital lesions (EGLs) in men. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between seropositivity to cutaneous HPV types and the risk of subsequent development of EGLs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876782/human-papillomavirus-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-women-and-men-in-south-china-a-population-based-study
#18
Feixue Wei, Kai Yin, Xin Wu, Jian Lan, Shoujie Huang, Wei Sheng, Jun Zhao, Yingying Su, Ying Wang, Yanping Li, Rongcheng Li, Jun Zhang, Mingqiang Li, Ting Wu, Ningshao Xia
Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a cause of many anogenital cancers in women and men; however, there is little research on HPV prevalence and risk factors that includes both women and men from the same population. A total of 4687 participants, including 2378 women and 2309 men aged 18-55 years old from the same community, were enrolled in the study in Liuzhou, China. Exfoliated cells were collected from the participants from different anatomic sites and were tested for 13 oncogenic and 3 non-oncogenic HPV types...
November 23, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858157/gender-and-age-specific-seroprevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-16-and-18-in-general-population-in-tehran-iran
#19
Arezoo Aghakhani, Setareh Mamishi, Shahram Sabeti, Farahnaz Bidari-Zerehpoosh, Mohammad Banifazl, Anahita Bavand, Amitis Ramezani
The assessment of the gender and age-specific seroprevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) is essential for planning of HPV vaccine implementation into the preventive programs. In this study, we aimed to determine the age-specific seroprevalence of HPV-16 and 18 in both males and females in Tehran, Iran. Three hundred and seventy-eight women (10-35 years) and 162 men (10-25 years) from Tehran, Iran, were enrolled. Anti-HPV IgG antibodies against HPV-16 and HPV-18 were detected by ELISA using papillomavirus type 16 and 18 L1-capsids as antigen...
November 17, 2016: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835758/association-of-cytologic-grade-of-anal-pap-smears-with-viral-loads-of-human-papillomavirus-types-16-18-and-52-detected-in-the-same-specimens-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#20
Utaiwan Utaipat, Sumalee Siriaunkgul, Taweewat Supindham, Pongpun Saokhieo, Butsayarat Chaidaeng, Antika Wongthanee, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Kornkanok Sukpan, Darin Ruanpeng, Natthapol Kosashunhanan, Nuntisa Chotirosniramit, Patcharaphan Sugandhavesa, Toshiyuki Miura, Suwat Chariyalertsak
BACKGROUND: Human papilloma virus (HPV) load has been linked to cellular abnormalities of the uterine cervix, and proposed as predictors of HPV persistence and progression of dysplasia to cervical cancer. However, the association of HPV viral load and anal dysplasia and cancer has not been as thoroughly investigated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of the viral loads of high-risk HPV types 16, 18, and 52, with the cytologic severity grading in anal-swab specimens of MSM with and without HIV-1 co-infection...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
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