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HPV in men

Betul Tas, Kamuran Turker, Elcin Balci
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts (AGWs) are epithelial tumors which develop as a result of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. We aimed to assess the sociodemographic, sexual and other possible risk-factors, and awareness of the HPV infection among Turkish people with AGW in the Bagcilar district of Istanbul. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 273 patients (183 men, 90 women) with AGW between October 2014 - March 2015. The patients' sociodemographics were recorded along with their possible risk-factors and clinical findings...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Francesco Drago, Astrid Herzum, Giulia Ciccarese, Roberto Bandelloni
A high-risk population, formed by 79 consecutive male attendees of our sexually transmissible infections clinic, and who did not have any overt signs of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, were examined. Oral HPV prevalence (37%) was much higher than previously reported. Periurethral HPV-DNA was found in 49% of the patients and anal HPV-DNA was found in 43% of the patients. Considering the high prevalence of oral HPV obtained in the current study, it is important to further investigate the burden of oral HPV, not only in men who have sex with men, but also in heterosexual men and in women...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Eric Adjei Boakye, Betty Y Chen, Jennifer Clancy, Patrice L Vallot, Jonathan L Su, Geoffrey E Beck, Mark A Varvares
Importance: The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in the United States and may be underestimated among black individuals. Characterizing the current knowledge level among black individuals is critical to developing interventions to increase awareness. Objective: To describe the sociodemographic correlates of knowledge and risk perception of HPV and HPV-associated OPSCC among a predominantly black population...
October 6, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Wen Jing Li, Hong Xing Xu, Zhao Hua Chen, Wei Dong Xu, Yuan Jian Wu
Human papillomavirus infection is a major health problem and caused substantial benign and malignancy diseases among female and male worldwide. We aim to investigate the epidemiology of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) and related diseases in Suzhou population. As well as evaluating the potential benefit of a nine-valent HPV vaccine (regardless of HPV-6 and -11) in Suzhou. A total of 40,108 people aged 13-89 years were retrospectively examined by database retrieval from 2010 to 2015. Thirteen genotypes (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, and 66) of HR-HPV were detected using Tellgenplex™ xMAP™ HPV DNA Test assay...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Sachindra Raj Joshi, Anand Lakhkar, Vidhi Dhagia, Ariadne L Zias, Vasiliki Soldatos, Kaori Oshima, Houli Jiang, Katherine Gotlinger, Jorge H Capdevila, Michal L Schwartzman, Ivan F McMurtry, Sachin A Gupte
Epoxyeicosatrienoicacids (EETs), synthesized from arachidonic acid by epoxygenases of the CYP2C and CYP2J gene subfamilies, contribute to hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) in mice. Despite their roles in HPV, it is controversial whether EETs mediate or ameliorate pulmonary hypertension (PH). A recent study showed that deficiency of Cyp2j did not protect male and female mice from hypoxia-induced PH. Since CYP2C44 is a functionally important epoxygenase, we hypothesized that knockout of the Cyp2c44 gene would protect both sexes of mice from hypoxia-induced PH...
September 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
Staci L Sudenga, B Nelson Torres, William J Fulp, Roberto Silva, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Donna J Ingles, Mark Stoler, Jane L Messina, Martha Abrahamsen, Maria Luiza Baggio, Jorge Salmeron, Manuel Quiterio, Anna R Giuliano
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the incidence of histopathologically confirmed condyloma and penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) and rates of genital HPV infection progression to these lesions differs by country (Brazil, Mexico, and the U.S.). At each visit, lesions were biopsied and were categorized by pathologic diagnoses. The Linear Array genotyping method was used to identify HPV genotypes from genital swabs, while the INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra method was used for tissue specimens...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Laurent Abramowitz, Philippe Descamps, François Denis, Marie-Aliette Dommergues, Pierre Pradat, Jean Lacau St Guily, Philippe Judlin
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the HPV (Human papillomavirus) 6/11/16/18 quadrivalent vaccine was approved by the European Medicines Agency and obtained its marketing authorization in both girls and boys. Currently, the French guidelines recommend and refund vaccination of girls aged 11 to 14 with a catch-up program for females from 15 to 19 years old. DISCUSSION: In France, HPV vaccination coverage tends to decrease. At the end of 2015, the vaccination coverage with three doses reached only 14% in 16-year-old girls (three doses)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Kristin Keglovitz, Andrew D Richardson, Nicola Lancki, Tim Walsh, John A Schneider
PURPOSE: Limited data are available on anal squamous intraepithelial lesions (ASILs) and anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in young, black populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of and relationships between ASILs and high-risk HPV infection in a young (<30 years of age), predominately black, men who have sex with men (MSM) population. METHODS: Results of anal cytology and HPV DNA were gathered for 83 individuals. RESULTS: Forty-two percent of individuals (35) had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance and 33% (27) had low-grade intraepithelial lesion by cytology...
September 27, 2016: LGBT Health
J Chanal, S Fouéré, F Yassir-Oria, N Spenatto, F Bouscarat, E Picot, P Martinet, C Vernay-Vaisse, F Pelletier, C Courtieu, V Baclet, C Bernier, D Aymar-Moulene, F Dupuis-Fourdan, A Passeron, C Bara-Passot, A-L Pinault, L Misery, M Janier, N Dupin
BACKGROUND: Since 2007 in France, human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination has been licensed for use as a vaccine against HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18. The impact on the epidemiology of external genital warts (EGWs) in a large population remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine epidemiologic and clinical features of patients presenting EGWs in France in the era of HPV vaccination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, we analyzed clinical features and treatments between January 1st, 2012 and March 31, 2012 for patients consulting for EGWs at 15 STI clinics throughout France...
September 19, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Fatemeh Atashafrooz, Farokh Rokhbakhsh-Zamin
Prostatic cancer is the second cause of cancer-related death among men worldwide. The human papilloma viruses (HPVs) are a family of sexually transmitted viruses which have may have roles in the etiology of inflammation in the prostate leading to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa). In this study, we evaluated the frequency of different HPV types in prostatic cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in Kerman province, southeast of Iran, using real-time PCR techniques. The aim of the present research was to clarify any association with prostatic carcinogenesis...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
James A Chancellor, Sally J Ioannides, James M Elwood
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review identified and evaluated the evidence for the role of sexual behaviours in the development of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs) and oral cavity cancers (OCCs). METHODS: Following the PRISMA guidelines, we identified observational and interventional studies reporting associations between several different sexual behaviours and OPC or OCC. Study quality was assessed independently by two reviewers using a validated scoring system. RESULTS: From 513 papers identified, 21, reporting on 20 studies, fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
September 19, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
M Hoffmann
The papers on human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in head and neck carcinomas presented during the ASCO Meeting in 2016 investigated factors influencing the survival of patients with known HPV status. Interestingly, women suffering from oropharyngeal carcinomas show better survival than men do. This is believed to be the consequence of differences in the immune system of male and female patients. Another interesting finding is that the HPV status in cases of locoregional recurrence of oropharyngeal carcinomas represents a positive predictive marker for patient survival...
October 2016: HNO
Maria Gabriella Donà, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Alessandra Latini, Amalia Giglio, Domenico Moretto, Mirko Frasca, Maria Benevolo, Francesca Rollo, Manuela Colafigli, Antonio Cristaudo, Massimo Giuliani
OBJECTIVES: Little is known regarding the natural history of anal Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection. We aimed to evaluate incidence and clearance rates, their risk factors, and duration of anal HPV infection in HIV-uninfected men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted. Anal samples were analyzed using the Linear Array HPV Genotyping test. Incidence and clearance rates, and corresponding risk factors, were estimated using a two-state Markov model...
August 29, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Mark Richard Stenger, Stefan Baral, Shauna Stahlman, Dan Wohlfeiler, Jerusha E Barton, Thomas Peterman
The trajectory of sexually transmissible infection (STI) incidence among gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) suggests that incidence will likely remain high in the near future. STIs were hyperendemic globally among MSM in the decades preceding the HIV epidemic. Significant changes among MSM as a response to the HIV epidemic, caused STI incidence to decline, reaching historical nadirs in the mid-1990s. With the advent of antiretroviral treatment (ART), HIV-related mortality and morbidity declined significantly in that decade...
September 2, 2016: Sexual Health
Etienne E Müller, Kevin Rebe, Tobias F Chirwa, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre, David A Lewis
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and associated behavioural risk factors in men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) attending a clinical service in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: MSM were enrolled at the Ivan Toms Centre for Men's Health in Cape Town. A psychosocial and sexual behavioral risk questionnaire was completed for each participant and urine, oro-pharyngeal and anal swabs were collected for HPV testing using the Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chang Hun Lee, Sun Hee Lee, Shinwon Lee, Heerim Cho, Kye-Hyung Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Eun Ju Jung, Su Jin Lee, Eun Jung Kim, Ki Hyung Kim, Eunsoo Moon, Hong Je Cho
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology on human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among HIV-infected men in Korea. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, genotype distribution and risk factors associated with anal HPV infection among HIV-infected men in Korea. METHODS: A single-center cross-sectional study was conducted with HIV-infected men in Korea. Participants completed a detailed sexual behavior risk factor questionnaire. Anal samples were collected for cytology and HPV genotyping...
2016: PloS One
Donna J Ingles, Hui-Yi Lin, William J Fulp, Staci L Sudenga, Beibei Lu, Matthew B Schabath, Mary R Papenfuss, Martha E Abrahamsen, Jorge Salmeron, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano Ponce, Anna R Giuliano
OBJECTIVES: Genital HPV infection in men causes benign and cancerous lesions, the incidence of which differs by age. The goal of this work was to comprehensively evaluate incidence and clearance of individual HPV genotypes among men by age group. METHODS: HIV-negative men ages 18-70 with no history of anogenital cancer were recruited for the HPV Infection in Men (HIM) Study. Participants completed clinical exams and questionnaires every six months for up to ~4 years...
December 2015: Papillomavirus Research
Shitaldas J Pamnani, Staci L Sudenga, Raphael Viscidi, Dana E Rollison, B Nelson Torres, Donna J Ingles, Martha Abrahamsen, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Jorge Salmeron, Manuel Quiterio, Yangxin Huang, Amy Borenstein, Anna R Giuliano
Naturally induced serum antibodies against human papillomavirus (HPV) may affect risks of subsequent incident genital infections by HPV 6, 11, 16, or 18 in men. In this study, we examined the hypothesis by following 4,123 healthy men every 6 months (median follow-up time, 4.1 years). HPV antibodies were measured at baseline using a virus-like particle-based ELISA assay. Genital HPV genotypes were detected using Roche Linear Array. Incidence proportions and 6-month persistence proportions were calculated at 6-month intervals...
October 15, 2016: Cancer Research
Chandra L Jackson, Madina Agénor, Dayna A Johnson, S Bryn Austin, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND: Research shows that sexual minorities (e.g., lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals) experience higher levels of discrimination, stigma, and stress and are at higher risk of some poor health outcomes and health behaviors compared to their heterosexual counterparts. However, the majority of studies have examined sexual orientation disparities in a narrow range of health outcomes and behaviors using convenience samples comprised of either men or women living in restricted geographic areas...
2016: BMC Public Health
Anil K Chaturvedi, Gypsyamber D'Souza, Maura L Gillison, Hormuzd A Katki
BACKGROUND: HPV-positive oropharynx cancer is frequently characterized as a disease of never-smokers due to higher HPV prevalence in oropharynx tumors among never-smokers than ever-smokers. We sought to estimate the burden (incidence rates and case counts) of HPV-positive oropharynx cancers among never, former, and current smokers in the US population by combining data from several sources. METHODS: We decomposed the SEER population-level incidence of oropharynx cancers into rates among never-, former-, and current-smokers using a formula based upon rate ratios (RR) for the smoking-oropharynx cancer association (NIH-AARP cohort study) and smoking prevalence in the U...
September 2016: Oral Oncology
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