Read by QxMD icon Read

Low back pain motor vehicle accidents

Kurt M Mohty, Divneet Mandair, Brent Munroe, Deborah Baldemor
Physicians are often faced with managing difficult conditions such as chronic lower back pain. Intervertebral disk herniation typically occurs horizontally, leading to impingement of the spinal cord which can potentially cause radicular symptoms or other spinal cord pathologies; however, disk herniations can also occur vertically and extend through the endplate of an adjacent cranial or caudal vertebra: a phenomenon known as a Schmorl's node. Although Schmorl's nodes can be seen in many asymptomatic individuals, they can be a cause of degenerative disk disease and low back pain...
July 21, 2017: Curēus
Norimasa Kikuchi, Ko Matsudaira, Takayuki Sawada, Hiroyuki Oka
BACKGROUND: Although the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) is useful for measuring fear of movement in patients with musculoskeletal pain, no psychometrically validated Japanese version is available. We evaluated the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the TSK-J (original 17-item version and shorter 11-item version). METHODS: The data subset used in this psychometric testing was derived from a survey previously conducted to collect information on musculoskeletal pain due to motor vehicle accident...
November 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Jan Hartvigsen, Eleanor Boyle, J David Cassidy, Linda J Carroll
OBJECTIVE: To describe the 1-year course of symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) sustained in a motor vehicle collision as well as patterns of care-seeking. DESIGN: One-year follow-up of a population-based inception cohort. SETTING: The province of Saskatchewan, Canada, with a population of about 1,000,000 inhabitants. PARTICIPANTS: Persons (N=1716) sustaining an MTBI during a car collision between November 1997 and December 1999...
March 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
J David Cassidy, Eleanor Boyle, Linda J Carroll
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, course, and prognosis of adult mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) caused by motor vehicle collisions. DESIGN: Prospective, population-based, inception cohort study. SETTING: The province of Saskatchewan, Canada, with a population of about 1,000,000 inhabitants. PARTICIPANTS: All adults (N=1716) incurring an MTBI in a motor vehicle collision between November 1997 and December 1999 in Saskatchewan...
March 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
David M Walton, Joy C Macdermid, Anthony A Giorgianni, Joanna C Mascarenhas, Stephen C West, Caroline A Zammit
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: To update a previous review and meta-analysis on risk factors for persistent problems following whiplash secondary to a motor vehicle accident. BACKGROUND: Prognosis in whiplash-associated disorder (WAD) has become an active area of research, perhaps owing to the difficulty of treating chronic problems. A previously published review and meta-analysis of prognostic factors included primary sources up to May 2007...
February 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Gabriel Claudiu Tender, Daniel Serban
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x497d410) INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment for lumbar burst fractures is complex and typically involves either a retroperitoneal corpectomy and/or a posterior pedicle screw fixation. We describe the case of a patient with a lumbar burst fracture who was cured via a less invasive approach that has not been previously reported as standalone treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: This 25-year-old Caucasian man presented with excruciating axial low back pain exacerbated by any attempt to elevate the head of the bed after a motor vehicle accident...
November 21, 2012: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Leszek Solecki
A literature review was performed for the years 1990-2007. It covered reports addressing the problems associated with the prevalence of low back pain and musculoskeletal disorders among farmers. In addition, the anticipated relationship between low back pain and whole body vibration in farmers was evaluated based on 12 reports for the years 1987-2009. The review confirmed that the prevalence of back pain is significantly higher in farmers exposed to whole body vibration than in the control group (not exposed to vibration)...
2011: Medycyna Pracy
Milan A Munjin, Juan J Zamorano, Bartolomé Marré, Francisco Ilabaca, Vicente Ballesteros, Celmira Martínez, Ratko Yurac, Alejandro Urzúa, Miguel Lecaros, José Fleiderman, Nicolás García
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVES: To describe an injury mechanism and a series of patients with spine fractures after passing over speed humps in a motor vehicle. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The use of speed humps as an effective measure to reduce the rate of traffic accidents is still a matter of discussion. Furthermore, their use in mass transport routes may cause spine injuries among passengers in motor vehicles. METHODS: Review of the database in our medical records, identifying all the patients with spine fractures that occurred after passing over speed humps while in a motor vehicle, from January 1, 1997 to April 30, 2008 in the Hospital del Trabajador de Santiago, Chile...
August 2011: Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques
Don Ranney
Gordon Waddell's "Nonorganic Signs," published in 1980, indicates psychosocial factors that predict an unsuccessful surgical outcome for lumbar discectomy. Since then, they have been used by many to"prove" there is nothing physically wrong with such people, regardless of the site of injury, and even suggest they are faking. Although this was never Waddell's intent and there is no scientific basis for such belief, these signs continue to be used to discredit motor vehicle accident claimants. Recent advances in neuroanatomy now allow us to explain all these signs on the basis of known mechanisms and to understand that many are the result of maladaptive physical responses...
December 2010: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
M M Riva, F A Marchetti, V Giupponi, G Mosconi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to analyze the results of the first year of a study on truck drivers'safety and health. The project, which started in 2008, is promoted by EBITRAL (trade unions and business joint association) and carried out by Occupational Medicine Department of Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo. The final objective is to improve health conditions of truck drivers, by defining appropriate health surveillance protocols in order to asses fitness for work and by promoting the application of healthy life-styles among the workers...
May 2010: La Medicina del Lavoro
Donna D Ohnmeiss, William Bodemer, Jack E Zigler
STUDY DESIGN: This study was based on a post hoc analysis of data collected from a prospective FDA-regulated trial comparing total disc replacement to fusion surgery. OBJECTIVE: he purpose of this study was to determine if the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) had an impact on outcomes of low back surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AEs are rigorously recorded during clinical trials primarily to evaluate the safety of the investigational device...
April 1, 2010: Spine
Adam L Schreiber, Guy W Fried
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the demographic profile of patients in the New Jersey area who are involved in motor vehicle personal injury lawsuits and who are referred from chiropractors to physiatrists. METHODS: The study design was a prospective chart review of patients (N = 38) referred to a private physiatric practice from 5 chiropractic practices. Patient data collected at initial consultation included age, employment status, emergency department consultation, time since accident, visual analog score, neck pain and back pain, review of systems, and functional limitations...
November 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
J Buitenhuis, P J de Jong, J P C Jaspers, J W Groothoff
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the role of pain catastrophizing and causal beliefs with regard to severity and persistence of neck complaints after motor vehicle accidents. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: In previous research on low back pain, somatoform disorders and chronic fatigue syndrome, pain catastrophizing and causal beliefs were found to be related to perceived disability and prognosis. Furthermore, it has been argued with respect to whiplash that culturally dependent symptom expectations are responsible for a chronic course...
October 15, 2008: Spine
Maja Stupar, Peter S Y Kim
INTRODUCTION: Headaches are common after a motor vehicle accident (MVA). Post-traumatic headaches share many clinical symptoms including the clinical course of primary headaches. Secondary headaches (including those resulting from a subdural hematoma) are not as common, but should be considered in cases of post-traumatic events particularly if clinical symptoms progress. CLINICAL FEATURES: A case of a patient with a post-traumatic subdural hematoma demonstrates the importance of carefully examining, properly diagnosing and managing patients that experience headaches after MVAs...
June 2007: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Eran Tamir, Yoram Anekstein, Yigal Mirovsky, Michael Heim, Israel Dudkiewicz
Numerous patients ambulating independently arrive in the Emergency Department complaining of back pain after being involved in a motor vehicle crash (MVC). We examined the yield of routine screening radiographs of the lumbar and thoracic spine in these patients. A retrospective review was carried out of the records of 3173 patients who were involved in a MVC during a 1-year period and presented to a single medical center. Radiographs of the lumbar spine, thoracic spine, or both were obtained in all patients complaining of back pain...
November 2006: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jan Buitenhuis, Jan P C Jaspers, Vaclav Fidler
OBJECTIVES: In low back pain, clinical studies suggest that kinesiophobia (fear of movement/(re)injury) is important in the etiology of chronic symptoms. In this prospective cohort study, the predictive role of kinesiophobia in the development of late whiplash syndrome was examined. METHODS: Victims of car collisions with neck symptoms who initiated compensation claim procedures with a Dutch insurance company were sent a questionnaire containing symptom-related questions and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-DV)...
March 2006: Clinical Journal of Pain
Steven P Cohen, Scott Griffith, Thomas M Larkin, Felipe Villena, Ralph Larkin
UNLABELLED: In recent military conflicts the major source of soldier attrition has not been battle injuries but more mundane causes similar to those encountered in civilian life. In an effort to determine the pain conditions affecting soldiers during wartime, we conducted an observational study among 162 soldiers medically evacuated from Operation Iraqi Freedom who were referred to 2 large pain treatment centers located outside the theaters of combat. Fifty-three percent of soldiers presented with either radicular (n = 49) or axial (n = 37) low back pain, with lumbar herniated disk being the most frequently diagnosed condition (24%)...
October 2005: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Mehmet Subasi, Huseyin Arslan, Serdar Necmioglu, Abdurrahman Onen, Sakir Ozen, Mete Kaya
The long-term orthopaedic, urologic, and psychiatric outcomes of patients treated non-operatively for unstable pelvic fractures were assessed. There were 55 males and 3 females with an average age of 7 (3-13). Eighty-one percent of the fractures were caused by motor vehicle accidents, and 68% by auto-pedestrian accidents. Thirty-four of the 58 fractures were type Tile type B and 24 were type C. Posterior urethral injury was determined in 41 patients, and head injury in 21. Three patients with type C injury died within the first 3 days...
August 2004: Injury
Issada Thongtrangan, Hoang Le, Jon Park, Daniel H Kim
OBJECT: Symptoms of cauda equina syndrome (CES) can include low-back pain, sciatica, lower-extremity weakness, sensory deficit, perineal hypesthesia or anesthesia, and loss of bowel or bladder function. Several causes of the syndrome are recognized, but its optimal treatment remains controversial and has been broadly based on data gathered from series involving herniated discs. Information on the treatment of CES caused by low lumbar traumatic injuries has not been well documented. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2003, 17 consecutive cases of CES caused by low lumbar traumatic injuries at L2-5 were identified...
June 15, 2004: Neurosurgical Focus
Larry H Chou, Curtis W Slipman, Sarjoo M Bhagia, Larissa Tsaur, Atul L Bhat, Zacharia Isaac, Russell Gilchrist, Omar H El Abd, David A Lenrow
OBJECTIVE: To determine the inciting events leading to the development of sacroiliac joint syndrome (SIJS). METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive cohort series from an academic interdisciplinary spine center. Consecutive patients presenting with low back or buttock pain with or without leg symptoms who met specific inclusion and exclusion criteria for the diagnosis of SIJS were included in the study. Inciting events leading to the development of SIJS in these patients were categorized into traumatic, cumulative, and idiopathic events...
March 2004: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"