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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086974/ovarian-cancer-density-equalizing-mapping-of-the-global-research-architecture
#1
Dörthe Brüggmann, Katharina Pulch, Doris Klingelhöfer, Celeste Leigh Pearce, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Despite its impact on female health worldwide, no efforts have been made to depict the global architecture of ovarian cancer research and to understand the trends in the related literature. Hence, it was the objective of this study to assess the global scientific performance chronologically, geographically and in regards to economic benchmarks using bibliometric tools and density equalizing map projections. METHODS: The NewQIS platform was employed to identify all ovarian cancer related articles published in the Web of Science since 1900...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080103/empirical-influence-of-the-multicultural-guidelines-a-brief-report
#2
Nadya A Fouad, Mercedes Santana, Arpita Ghosh
OBJECTIVE: In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) Council of Representatives approved the "Guidelines for Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists." The Guidelines have been downloaded 64,153 times from the APA website from 2007 to 2013, and have been cited nearly 900 times. This suggests that the Guidelines have influenced education, training, research, and practice in psychology. However, it is unclear how the Guidelines have influenced these domains...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079758/concussion-in-ice-hockey-current-gaps-and-future-directions-in-an-objective-diagnosis
#3
Aynsley M Smith, Michael J Stuart, William O Roberts, David W Dodick, Jonathan T Finnoff, Janelle K Jorgensen, David A Krause
OBJECTIVE: This review provides an update on sport-related concussion (SRC) in ice hockey and makes a case for changes in clinical concussion evaluation. Standard practice should require that concussions be objectively diagnosed and provide quantitative measures of the concussion injury that will serve as a platform for future evidence-based treatment. METHODS: The literature was surveyed to address several concussion-related topics: research in ice hockey-related head trauma, current subjective diagnosis, promising components of an objective diagnosis, and current and potential treatments...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079754/ultrasound-guided-needle-technique-accuracy-prospective-comparison-of-passive-magnetic-tracking-versus-unassisted-echogenic-needle-localization
#4
Angela N Johnson, Jeffery S Peiffer, Nahi Halmann, Luke Delaney, Cindy A Owen, Jeff Hersh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia facilitates an approach to sensitive targets such as nerve clusters without contact or inadvertent puncture. We compared accuracy of needle placement with a novel passive magnetic ultrasound needle guidance technology (NGT) versus conventional ultrasound (CU) with echogenic needles. METHODS: Sixteen anesthesiologists and 19 residents performed a series of 16 needle insertion tasks each, 8 using NGT (n = 280) and 8 using CU (n = 280), in high-fidelity porcine phantoms...
January 11, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079729/effect-of-probiotics-on-diarrhea-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-uganda
#5
Benedikte Grenov, Hanifa Namusoke, Betty Lanyero, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079726/the-charter-on-professionalism-for-health-care-organizations
#6
Barry E Egener, Diana J Mason, Walter J McDonald, Sally Okun, Meg E Gaines, David A Fleming, Bernie M Rosof, David Gullen, May-Lynn Andresen
In 2002, the Physician Charter on Medical Professionalism was published to provide physicians with guidance for decision making in a rapidly changing environment. Feedback from physicians indicated that they were unable to fully live up to the principles in the 2002 charter partly because of their employing or affiliated health care organizations. A multistakeholder group has developed a Charter on Professionalism for Health Care Organizations, which may provide more guidance than charters for individual disciplines, given the current structure of health care delivery systems...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079656/endoscopic-cyclophotocoagulation-for-the-treatment-of-glaucoma-in-boston-keratoprosthesis-type-ii-patient
#7
Linda Yi-Chieh Poon, James Chodosh, Demetrios G Vavvas, Claes H Dohlman, Teresa C Chen
We describe the surgical technique of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation in a Boston keratoprosthesis type II patient. This patient with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid had pars plana endoscopic cyclophotocoagula through wounds created in the eyelids.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079646/public-health-agency-accreditation-among-rural-local-health-departments-influencers-and-barriers
#8
Kate E Beatty, Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson, Michael Meit, James Fey
OBJECTIVE: Health department accreditation is a crucial strategy for strengthening public health infrastructure. The purpose of this study was to investigate local health department (LHD) characteristics that are associated with accreditation-seeking behavior. This study sought to ascertain the effects of rurality on the likelihood of seeking accreditation through the Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using secondary data from the 2013 National Association of County & City Health Officials (NACCHO) National Profile of Local Health Departments Study (Profile Study)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079645/the-role-of-patient-navigators-in-building-a-medical-home-for-multiply-diagnosed-hiv-positive-homeless-populations
#9
Mariana Sarango, Alexander de Groot, Melissa Hirschi, Chukwuemeka Anthony Umeh, Serena Rajabiun
CONTEXT: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) who are most at risk for falling out of HIV primary care and detectable viral loads include homeless and unstably housed individuals and those codiagnosed with behavioral health disorders. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model that promotes provision of comprehensive, patient-centered, accessible, coordinated, and quality care for patients. This initiative provided patient navigation to HIV-positive homeless and unstably housed individuals codiagnosed with a mental health or substance use disorder as a means to create an adapted PCMH to meet the specific needs of this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079628/interleukin-6-is-increased-in-plasma-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-community-dwelling-domestic-dogs-with-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#10
Hanne Gredal, Barbara B Thomsen, Antonio Boza-Serrano, Laurent Garosi, Clare Rusbridge, Daniel Anthony, Arne Møller, Bente Finsen, Tomas Deierborg, Kate L Lambertsen, Mette Berendt
Inflammatory cytokines are potential modulators of infarct progression in acute ischaemic stroke, and are therefore possible targets for future treatment strategies. Cytokine studies in animal models of surgically induced stroke may, however, be influenced by the fact that the surgical intervention itself contributes towards the cytokine response. Community-dwelling domestic dogs suffer from spontaneous ischaemic stroke, and therefore, offer the opportunity to study the cytokine response in a noninvasive set-up...
January 10, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079616/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-rehabilitative-program-to-address-mobility-limitations-among-older-adults
#11
Lorna G Brown, Meng Ni, Catherine T Schmidt, Jonathan F Bean
Live Long Walk Strong is a clinical demonstration program for community-dwelling older patients. It was designed to be consistent with current fall prevention guidelines and reimbursed under the Medicare model. Patients were screened within primary care and referred to a physiatrist followed by systematic assessment and treatment within an outpatient rehabilitative care setting. The treatment included behavioral modification, fall prevention education, community/home exercise integration, and exercise targeting strength, power, flexibility, balance, and endurance...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079581/assessing-the-impact-of-the-anesthesia-medication-template-on-medication-errors-during-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#12
Eliot B Grigg, Lizabeth D Martin, Faith J Ross, Axel Roesler, Sally E Rampersad, Charles Haberkern, Daniel K W Low, Kristen Carlin, Lynn D Martin
BACKGROUND: Medication errors continue to be a significant source of patient harm in the operating room with few concrete countermeasures. The organization and identification of medication syringes may have an impact on the commission of medication errors in anesthesia, so a team of physicians and designers at the University of Washington created the Anesthesia Medication Template (AMT) to define a formal way of organizing the anesthesia workspace. The purpose of this study is to assess the ability of the AMT to reduce perioperative medication errors by anesthesia providers...
January 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079580/a-predictive-model-for-extended-postanesthesia-care-unit-length-of-stay-in-outpatient-surgeries
#13
Rodney A Gabriel, Ruth S Waterman, Jihoon Kim, Lucila Ohno-Machado
BACKGROUND: A predictive model that can identify patients who are at an increased risk for prolonged postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay could help optimize resource utilization and case sequencing. Although previous studies identified some predictors, there is not a model that only utilizes various patients demographic and comorbidities, that are already known preoperatively, and that may affect PACU length of stay for outpatient procedures requiring the care of an anesthesiologist...
January 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079492/working-with-instruments-ernst-mach-as-material-epistemologist-a-short-introduction
#14
Christoph Hoffmann, Alexandre Métraux
With the death of Ernst Mach on February 19, 1916, one day after his seventy-eighth birthday, a question finally became explicit that had been looming for some time. It was as simple as it was fundamental: who, in the end, was this man, a scientist or a philosopher? The importance of this question for contemporaries can easily be gleaned from the obituaries that appeared in the weeks following Mach's death: one in the Physikalische Zeitschrift, written by Albert Einstein, and another in the Archiv für die Geschichte der Philosophie, written by Mach's former student Heinrich Gomperz...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078733/therapeutic-apheresis-in-immunologic-renal-and-neurological-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Rolf Bambauer, Reinhard Latza, Daniel Burgard, Ralf Schiel
Since the mid 1970s, when membrane modules became available, plasma separation techniques have gained in importance especially in the past few years. The advantages of this method are a complete separation of the corpuscular components from the plasma and due to increased blood flow rate and higher efficacy. Systemic autoimmune diseases based on an immune pathogenesis produce autoantibodies and circulating immune complexes, which cause inflammation in the tissues of various organs. In most cases, these diseases have a poor prognosis without treatment...
January 12, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078454/measuring-competency-development-in-objective-evaluation-of-videofluoroscopic-swallowing-studies
#16
Natrah Ahmad Nordin, Anna Miles, Jacqui Allen
Clinical interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) has often been criticized for its poor objectivity and inter-rater agreement. In order to address this, objective VFSS measures have been developed, reported and demonstrated to be valid and reliable. However, widespread clinical implementation is lacking. Reasons cited include lack of training and excessive time taken to perform measures. This study investigated competency development in selected standardized objective VFSS measures among speech-language pathologists (SLPs) naive to quantitative measurement...
January 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077896/study-of-scientific-production-of-community-medicines-department-indexed-in-isi-citation-databases
#17
Mohammad Khademloo, Ali Akbar Khaseh, Hasan Siamian, Kobra Aligolbandi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Mousa Yaminfirooz
BACKGROUND: In the scientometric, the main criterion in determining the scientific position and ranking of the scientific centers, particularly the universities, is the rate of scientific production and innovation, and in all participations in the global scientific development. One of the subjects more involved in repeatedly dealt with science and technology and effective on the improvement of health is medical science fields. In this research using scientometric and citation analysis, we studied the rate of scientific productions in the field of community medicine, which is the numbers of articles published and indexed in ISI database from 2000 to 2010...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077396/the-effects-of-kinematically-aligned-total-knee-arthroplasty-on-stress-at-the-medial-tibia-a-case-study-for-varus-knee
#18
S Nakamura, Y Tian, Y Tanaka, S Kuriyama, H Ito, M Furu, S Matsuda
OBJECTIVES: Little biomechanical information is available about kinematically aligned (KA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to simulate the kinematics and kinetics after KA TKA and mechanically aligned (MA) TKA with four different limb alignments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bone models were constructed from one volunteer (normal) and three patients with three different knee deformities (slight, moderate and severe varus). A dynamic musculoskeletal modelling system was used to analyse the kinematics and the tibiofemoral contact force...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077395/the-effects-of-posterior-cruciate-ligament-deficiency-on-posterolateral-corner-structures-under-gait-and-squat-loading-conditions-a-computational-knee-model
#19
K-T Kang, Y-G Koh, M Jung, J-H Nam, J Son, Y H Lee, S-J Kim, S-H Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to analyse the effects of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) deficiency on forces of the posterolateral corner structure and on tibiofemoral (TF) and patellofemoral (PF) contact force under dynamic-loading conditions. METHODS: A subject-specific knee model was validated using a passive flexion experiment, electromyography data, muscle activation, and previous experimental studies. The simulation was performed on the musculoskeletal models with and without PCL deficiency using a novel force-dependent kinematics method under gait- and squat-loading conditions, followed by probabilistic analysis for material uncertain to be considered...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077394/metal-backed-versus-all-polyethylene-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-proximal-tibial-strain-in-an-experimentally-validated-finite-element-model
#20
C E H Scott, M J Eaton, R W Nutton, F A Wade, S L Evans, P Pankaj
OBJECTIVES: Up to 40% of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) revisions are performed for unexplained pain which may be caused by elevated proximal tibial bone strain. This study investigates the effect of tibial component metal backing and polyethylene thickness on bone strain in a cemented fixed-bearing medial UKA using a finite element model (FEM) validated experimentally by digital image correlation (DIC) and acoustic emission (AE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of ten composite tibias implanted with all-polyethylene (AP) and metal-backed (MB) tibial components were loaded to 2500 N...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
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