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glucose and Dopamine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781098/pet-imaging-of-the-influence-of-physiological-and-pathological-%C3%AE-synuclein-on-dopaminergic-and-serotonergic-neurotransmission-in-mouse-models
#1
Elise Levigoureux, Caroline Bouillot, Thierry Baron, Luc Zimmer, Sophie Lancelot
AIMS: Alpha-synuclein (α-syn) aggregation is a neuropathological hallmark of neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. This in vivo study explored glucose metabolism and dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmission in KO α-syn, wild-type mice and an accelerated murine model of synucleinopathy (M83). METHODS: MicroPET acquisitions were performed in all animals aged 5-6 months using five radiotracers exploring brain glucose metabolism ([18 F]FDG), dopamine neurotransmission ([11 C]raclopride, [11 C]PE2I) and serotonin neurotransmission ([18 F]MPPF, [11 C]DASB)...
May 20, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768946/neuroprotective-role-of-astroglia-in-parkinson-disease-by-reducing-oxidative-stress-through-dopamine-induced-activation-of-pentose-phosphate-pathway
#2
Kyoko Mashima, Shinichi Takahashi, Kazushi Minami, Yoshikane Izawa, Takato Abe, Naoki Tsukada, Takako Hishiki, Makoto Suematsu, Mayumi Kajimura, Norihiro Suzuki
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the onset and progression of Parkinson disease. Although released dopamine at the synaptic terminal is mostly reabsorbed by dopaminergic neurons, some dopamine is presumably taken up by astroglia. This study examined the dopamine-induced astroglial protective function through the activation of the pentose-phosphate pathway (PPP) to reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS). In vitro experiments were performed using striatal neurons and cortical or striatal astroglia prepared from Sprague-Dawley rats or C57BL/6 mice...
January 2018: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743758/the-impact-of-dopamine-on-insulin-secretion-in-healthy-controls
#3
Lisa J Underland, Erika R Mark, Ranjitha Katikaneni, Rubina Heptulla
Objective: Dopamine is very commonly used in the critical care setting and impacts glucose homeostasis. In some studies, it is noted to increase insulin resistance or decrease insulin secretion. The role of insulin secretion in response to dopamine is incompletely understood. Methods: Eight individuals underwent a hyperglycemic clamp with a dopamine infusion, and eight controls underwent hyperglycemic clamp alone. Insulin, C-peptide, glucagon, cortisol, and norepinephrine (NE) concentrations were measured at various time points...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664058/relationships-between-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-clinical-assessments-biomarkers-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Min Li, Li Wang, Jiang-Hong Liu, Shu-Qin Zhan
Objective: Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment and loss of muscle atonia during rapid eye movement sleep. RBD is closely related to α-synucleinopathies including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy. Many studies have investigated the markers of imaging and neurophysiological, genetic, cognitive, autonomic function of RBD and their predictive value for neurodegenerative diseases. This report reviewed the progress of these studies and discussed their limitations and future research directions...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627889/nonenzymatic-determination-of-glucose-at-near-neutral-ph-values-based-on-the-use-of-nafion-and-platinum-black-coated-microneedle-electrode-array
#5
Somasekhar R Chinnadayyala, Ilhwan Park, Sungbo Cho
The authors report on a microneedle-based amperometric nonenzymatic glucose sensor for painless and continuous monitoring of glucose. It consists of 3 × 5 sharp stainless steel microneedles micromachined from a stainless steel substrate. The microneedles are 600 and 100 μm in height and width, respectively. Nafion and platinum black were sequentially coated onto the tip of gold-coated microneedles and used for nonenzymatic (direct) sensing of glucose. Attractive features of the modified microneedle electrode include (a) a low working potential (+0...
April 7, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626177/diabetes-mellitus-and-parkinson-disease
#6
Gennaro Pagano, Sotirios Polychronis, Heather Wilson, Beniamino Giordano, Nicola Ferrara, Flavia Niccolini, Marios Politis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether diabetes mellitus is associated with Parkinson-like pathology in people without Parkinson disease and to evaluate the effect of diabetes mellitus on markers of Parkinson pathology and clinical progression in drug-naive patients with early-stage Parkinson disease. METHODS: We compared 25 patients with Parkinson disease and diabetes mellitus to 25 without diabetes mellitus, and 14 patients with diabetes mellitus and no Parkinson disease to 14 healthy controls (people with no diabetes mellitus or Parkinson disease)...
April 6, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619853/multi-modality-molecular-imaging-characteristics-of-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#7
Zhong-Bao Gao, Wei Wang, Xing-Li Zhao, Tong Chen, Li-Ping Fu, Bai-Xuan Xu, Zhen-Fu Wang
Objective Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a common type of neurodegenerative dementia. Molecular neuroimaging using dopamine transporter (DaT), Pittsburgh compound B (PIB), and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has advantages in detecting dopaminergic neuron loss, abnormal amyloid β-protein deposition, and glucose metabolism changes in patients with neurodegenerative disorders. However, the multi-modality molecular imaging features of patients with DLB have rarely been reported...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616348/amperometric-determination-of-l-cysteine-using-a-glassy-carbon-electrode-modified-with-palladium-nanoparticles-grown-on-reduced-graphene-oxide-in-a-nafion-matrix
#8
Norazriena Yusoff, Perumal Rameshkumar, An'amt Mohamed Noor, Nay Ming Huang
An amperometric sensor for L-Cys is described which consists of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) that was modified with reduced graphene oxide placed in a Nafion film and decorated with palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs). The film was synthesized by a hydrothermal method. The PdNPs have an average diameter of about 10 nm and a spherical shape. The modified GCE gives a linear electro-oxidative response to L-Cys (typically at +0.6 V vs. SCE) within the 0.5 to 10 μM concentration range. Other figures of merit include a response time of less than 2 s, a 0...
April 3, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615922/sensory-processing-and-integration-at-the-carotid-body-tripartite-synapse-neurotransmitter-functions-and-effects-of-chronic-hypoxia
#9
REVIEW
Erin M Leonard, Shaima Salman, Colin A Nurse
Maintenance of homeostasis in the respiratory and cardiovascular systems depends on reflexes that are initiated at specialized peripheral chemoreceptors that sense changes in the chemical composition of arterial blood. In mammals, the bilaterally-paired carotid bodies (CBs) are the main peripheral chemoreceptor organs that are richly vascularized and are strategically located at the carotid bifurcation. The CBs contribute to the maintenance of O2 , CO2 /H+ , and glucose homeostasis and have attracted much clinical interest because hyperactivity in these organs is associated with several pathophysiological conditions including sleep apnea, obstructive lung disease, heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605877/how-are-growth-hormone-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-reported-as-markers-for-drug-effectiveness-in-clinical-acromegaly-research-a-comprehensive-methodologic-review
#10
REVIEW
Michiel J van Esdonk, Eline J M van Zutphen, Ferdinand Roelfsema, Alberto M Pereira, Piet H van der Graaf, Nienke R Biermasz, Jasper Stevens, Jacobus Burggraaf
OBJECTIVE: In rare disease research, most randomized prospective clinical trials can only use limited number of patients and are comprised of highly heterogeneous populations. Therefore, it is crucial to report the results in such a manner that it allows for comparison of treatment effectiveness and biochemical control between studies. The aim of this review was to investigate the current methods that are being applied to measure and report growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) as markers for drug effectiveness in clinical acromegaly research...
March 31, 2018: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601831/enhanced-amphetamine-induced-motor-impulsivity-and-mild-attentional-impairment-in-the-leptin-deficient-rat-model-of-obesity
#11
Wendy K Adams, Anna M D'souza, Jacob L Sussman, Sukhbir Kaur, Timothy J Kieffer, Catharine A Winstanley
Evidence suggests that impulse control deficits contribute to excessive food intake in some individuals with obesity. In addition to its known role in regulating appetite and glucose metabolism, the hormone leptin also directly modulates the activity of central dopamine systems. Although dopamine is involved in regulating impulsivity, the influence of leptin per se on this cognitive domain remains unclear. This study explored the performance of male leptin knockout (KO) and wild type (WT) rats in the 5-Choice Serial Reaction Time task (5CSRTT) of motor impulsivity and visuospatial attention...
March 27, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594935/diabetes-mellitus-as-a-risk-factor-for-parkinson-s-disease-a-molecular-point-of-view
#12
REVIEW
Alice Biosa, Tiago F Outeiro, Luigi Bubacco, Marco Bisaglia
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by elevated concentrations of glucose in the blood. The chronic hyperglycemic state accounts for most of the vascular complications associated to the disease and the prevalent mechanism proposed is related to the glycating chemistry mediated by methylglyoxal (MG), which accumulates in T2DM. In recent years, a higher risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) onset in people affected by T2DM has become evident, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the interplay between T2DM and PD are still unknown...
March 28, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594397/microwave-assisted-synthesis-of-graphene-modified-cuo-nanoparticles-for-voltammetric-enzyme-free-sensing-of-glucose-at-biological-ph-values
#13
Faranak Foroughi, Mansour Rahsepar, Mohammad Jafar Hadianfard, Hasuck Kim
The effect of graphene nanosheets on the glucose sensing performance of CuO powders was investigated. CuO and graphene-modified CuO nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated by microwave-assisted synthesis and characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The material was placed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) which then was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry with respect to the capability of sensing glucose both at pH 13 and pH 7...
December 18, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577894/bilateral-quinolinic-acid-induced-lipid-peroxidation-decreased-striatal-monoamine-levels-and-neurobehavioral-deficits-are-ameliorated-by-gip-receptor-agonist-d-ala-2-gip-in-rat-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#14
Mahip K Verma, Rajan Goel, Krishnadas Nandakumar, Kumar V S Nemmani
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited complex progressive neurodegenerative disorder with an established etiopathology linked to neuronal oxidative stress and corticostriatal excitotoxicity. Present study explores the effects of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) receptor agonist on the neurobehavioral sequelae of quinolinic acid-induced phenotype of Huntington's disease in rats. Bilateral administration of quinolinic acid (300 nmol/4µL) to the rat striatum led to characteristic deficits in, locomotor activity, motor coordination, neuromuscular coordination and short-term episodic memory...
March 22, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565169/biochemical-and-histological-changes-produced-by-sweeteners-and-cytarabine-in-the-brain-of-young-rats
#15
Ernestina Hernández García, Norma Osnaya Brizuela, Armando Valenzuela Peraza, David Calderón Guzmán, Maribel Ortiz Herrera, Hugo Juárez Olguín, Gerardo Barragán Mejía, Daniel Santamaría Del Ángel, Alberto Rojas Ochoa
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of splenda and stevia on dopamine and 5-HIAA levels, and some biomarkers of oxidative stress in the presence of cytarabine. METHODS: Forty-eight young male Wistar rats each with a weight of 80 g (four weeks of age), distributed in six groups of eight animals each, were treated as follows: group 1, control (NaCl 0.9% vehicle); group 2, cytarabine (0.6 g/kg); group 3, stevia (0.6 g/kg); group 4, cytarabine + stevia; group 5, splenda; and group 6, cytarabine + splenda...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551354/the-antipsychotics-sulpiride-induces-fatty-liver-in-rats-via-phosphorylation-of-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-at-serine-307-mediated-adipose-tissue-insulin-resistance
#16
Xia Zhou, Liying Ren, Zhiling Yu, Xiaoqian Huang, Yuhao Li, Chunxia Wang
Cumulative evidence has suggested that many antipsychotics cause metabolic abnormalities. Adipose tissue insulin resistance (Adipo-IR) contributes to the development and progress of metabolic abnormalities including fatty liver by inducing excessive free fatty acid release from adipose tissue. Sulpiride is an old antipsychotic still frequently used in many developing countries. However, its adverse metabolic effects remain poorly understood. Here, chronic administration of sulpiride (80 mg/kg, subcutaneously, once daily for 6 weeks) elevated fasting insulin concentration and the index of the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance in rats...
March 15, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547773/portable-electrochemical-sensor-based-on-4-aminobenzoic-acid-functionalized-herringbone-carbon-nanotubes-for-the-determination-of-ascorbic-acid-and-uric-acid-in-human-fluids
#17
A Abellán-Llobregat, C González-Gaitán, L Vidal, A Canals, E Morallón
A new portable electrochemical sensor based on 4-aminobenzoic acid-modified herringbone carbon nanotubes (hCNTs-4ABA/Au-IDA) has been developed for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) in physiological fluids. AA and UA were quantified by chronoamperometry at 0.1 and 0.32 V, respectively, in phosphate buffer solution (PBS 0.25 M, pH 7.0). Significant results were obtained for the separate quantification of AA and UA, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.65 μM for both analytes, and sensitivities of (9...
June 30, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530699/combination-treatment-with-bromocriptine-and-metformin-in-patients-with-bromocriptine-resistant-prolactinomas-a-pilot-study
#18
Xiaohai Liu, Yang Liu, Jun Gao, Ming Feng, Xinjie Bao, Kan Deng, Yong Yao, Renzhi Wang
BACKGROUND: Prolactinomas are the most common functional pituitary adenomas, and dopamine agonists (DAs) are the primary therapy. However, some patients are resistant to DAs. Recently, metformin has been proposed as a cancer treatment. CASE DESCRIPTION: This study is a retrospective review of two cases, including one patient with prolactinoma who was resistant to bromocriptine, diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance and administered metformin. Surprisingly, combining the patient's treatment with metformin decreased prolactin (PRL) levels to 12 ng/ml and had significantly decreased the size of the tumor after one year of combination therapy...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496998/islet-proteomics-reveals-genetic-variation-in-dopamine-production-resulting-in-altered-insulin-secretion
#19
Kelly A Mitok, Elyse C Freiberger, Kathryn L Schueler, Mary E Rabaglia, Donald S Stapleton, Nicholas W Kwiecien, Paige A Malec, Alexander S Hebert, Aimee T Broman, Robert T Kennedy, Mark P Keller, Joshua J Coon, Alan D Attie
The mouse is a critical model in diabetes research, but most research in mice has been limited to a small number of mouse strains and limited genetic variation. Using the eight founder strains and both sexes of the Collaborative Cross (C57BL/6J (B6), A/J, 129S1/SvImJ (129), NOD/ShiLtJ (NOD), NZO/HILtJ (NZO), PWK/PhJ (PWK), WSB/EiJ (WSB), and CAST/EiJ (CAST)), we investigated the genetic dependence of diabetes-related metabolic phenotypes and insulin secretion. We found that strain background is associated with an extraordinary range in body weight, plasma glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and insulin secretion...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479386/critical-management-of-severe-hypotension-caused-by-amlodipine-toxicity-managed-with-hyperinsulinemia-euglycemia-therapy-supplemented-with-calcium-gluconate-intravenous-glucagon-and-other-vasopressor-support-review-of-literature
#20
Kishore Kumar, Madhavi Biyyam, Bharat Bajantri, Sureshkumar Nayudu
Calcium channel blocker (CCB ) overdose, whether intentional or accidental, is a common clinical scenario and can be very lethal. Conventional treatments for CCB overdose include intravenous (IV) fluids, calcium salts, dopamine, dobutamine, norepinephrine, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, and glucagon. However, the conventional therapies are unsuccessful in reversing the cardiovascular toxicity of CCB, so they commonly fail to improve the hemodynamic condition of the patient. Blockade of the L-type calcium channels that mediate the antihypertensive effect of CCBs also decreases the release of insulin from pancreatic β-islet cells and reduces glucose uptake by tissues (insulin resistance)...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
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