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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549312/exposure-to-suicide-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-national-guard-military-personnel
#1
Craig J Bryan, Julie Cerel, AnnaBelle O Bryan
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that individuals who know someone who died by suicide are at increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and recent suicidal thoughts. Studies have not yet investigated the association of suicide exposure with suicide attempts, however, especially among high-risk subgroups of military personnel such as the National Guard. PROCEDURES: An anonymous online survey was completed by 971 military personnel assigned to the National Guard in Utah and Idaho...
May 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546950/genetic-polymorphisms-of-multidrug-and-toxin-extrusion-proteins-mate1-and-mate2-in-south-indian-population
#2
Gerard Marshall Raj, Jayanthi Mathaiyan, Mukta Wyawahare, Katiboina Srinivasa Rao, Rekha Priyadarshini
Introduction: Drug transporters are key determinants of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of certain drugs. SLC47A1 (MATE1) and SLC47A2 (MATE2) are major efflux transporters involved in the hepatic and renal excretion of many cationic drugs including metformin. Our study was proposed to determine the normative frequencies of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2289669 and rs12943590 in the SLC47A1 and SLC47A2 genes, respectively, in South Indian population and also to compare those with those of the HapMap populations...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542063/drivers-motivating-community-health-improvement-plan-completion-by-local-public-health-agencies-and-community-partners-in-the-rocky-mountain-region-and-western-plains
#3
Anne Hill, Holly J Wolf, Elaine Scallan, Jenny Case, Yvonne Kellar-Guenther
CONTEXT: There are numerous drivers that motivate completion of community health improvement plans (CHIPs). Some are more obvious and include voluntary public health accreditation, state requirements, federal and state funding, and nonprofit hospital requirements through IRS regulations. Less is known about other drivers, including involvement of diverse partners and belief in best practices, that may motivate CHIP completion. OBJECTIVE: This research investigated the drivers that motivated CHIP completion based on experiences of 51 local public health agencies (LPHAs)...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541823/emission-factors-of-fine-particulate-matter-organic-and-elemental-carbon-carbon-monoxide-and-carbon-dioxide-for-four-solid-fuels-commonly-used-in-residential-heating-by-the-navajo-nation
#4
Wyatt M Champion, Lea Connors, Lupita D Montoya
Most homes in the Navajo Nation use wood as their primary heating fuel, often in combination with locally-mined coal. Previous studies observed health effects linked to this solid-fuel use in several Navajo communities. Emission factors (EF) for common fuels used by the Navajo have not been reported using a relevant stove type. In this study, two softwoods (Ponderosa Pine and Utah Juniper) and two high-volatile bituminous coals (Black Mesa and Fruitland) were tested with an in-use residential conventional wood stove (homestove) using a modified ASTM/EPA protocol...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538650/consequences-of-pediatric-undertriage-and-overtriage-in-a-statewide-trauma-system
#5
Hilary A Hewes, Mathew Christensen, Peter P Taillac, N Clay Mann, Kammy K Jacobsen, Stephen J Fenton
BACKGROUND: With increasing attention to the quality of health care delivery, evaluating trauma triage decisions in a large system of emergency care can help decision makers reduce mortality, morbidity, unnecessary transfers, and healthcare costs. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the magnitude of pediatric traumatic injury undertriage (hospital mortality risk) and overtriage (early trauma center discharge after transfer) in a statewide trauma system. METHODS: A statewide population-based evaluation of pediatric trauma outcomes and secondary triage (interfacility transfers) patterns from 2001-2013 among 45 hospitals in Utah's statewide trauma system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537460/beyond-body-mass-index-using-anthropometric-measures-and-body-composition-indicators-to-assess-odds-of-an-endometriosis-diagnosis
#6
Uba Backonja, Mary L Hediger, Zhen Chen, Diane R Lauver, Liping Sun, C Matthew Peterson, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and endometriosis have been inversely associated. To address gaps in this research, we examined associations among body composition, endometriosis, and physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women from 14 clinical sites in the Salt Lake City, Utah and San Francisco, California areas and scheduled for laparoscopy/laparotomy were recruited during 2007-2009. Participants (N = 473) underwent standardized anthropometric assessments to estimate body composition before surgery...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534123/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-psychological-comorbidity-in-eating-disorder-patients
#7
L Sala, G Martinotti, M L Carenti, L Romo, M Oumaya, A Pham-Scottez, F Rouillon, P Gorwood, L Janiri
PURPOSE: There is some evidence that eating disorders (ED) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common clinical features and that ADHD might contribute to the severity of eating disorders. A greater understanding of how the presence of comorbid ADHD may affect the psychopathological framework of eating disorder seems of primary importance. The aim of our study was to evaluate rates of ADHD in three ED subgroups of inpatients: anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533251/pharmacists-mourn-passing-of-university-of-utah-s-arthur-lipman-72
#8
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526079/patient-needs-and-preferences-for-herb-drug-disease-interaction-alerts-a-structured-interview-study
#9
Carrie M Christensen, Rebecca S Morris, Seraphine Chepkemoi Kapsandoy, Melissa Archer, Jinqiu Kuang, Laura Shane-McWhorter, Bruce E Bray, Qing Zeng-Treitler
BACKGROUND: While complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used in the United States and elsewhere, and hazardous interactions with prescription drugs can occur, patients do not regularly communicate with physicians about their CAM use. The objective of this study was to discover patient information needs and preferences for herb-drug-disease interaction alerts. METHODS: We recruited 50 people from several locations within the University of Utah Hospital to participate in this structured interview study...
May 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515109/updated-review-of-prevalence-of-major-risk-factors-and-use-of-screening-tests-for-cancer-in-the-united-states
#10
Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Ahmedin Jemal, Stacey A Fedewa
Much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use and obesity, improve diet, and increase physical activity and use of established vaccines and screening tests. Monitoring the prevalence of cancer risk factors and preventive tests helps guide cancer prevention and early detection efforts. We provide an updated review, using data through 2015, of the prevalence of major risk factors, cancer screening, and vaccination for U.S. adults and youth. Cigarette smoking among adults decreased to 15...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503217/assessment-and-use-of-drug-information-references-in-utah-pharmacies
#11
Krystal L Moorman, Elyse A Macdonald, Anthony Trovato, Casey R Tak
OBJECTIVE: To determine which drug references Utah pharmacists use most frequently. To determine which types of drug information questions are most commonly asked, and whether Utah pharmacists have access to adequate references to respond to these questions. METHODS: A 19-question survey was created using Qualtrics, LLC (Provo, Utah) software. An electronic survey link was sent to 1,431 pharmacists with a valid e-mail address listed in the Department of Professional Licensing database...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500043/potential-for-water-borne-and-invertebrate-transmission-of-west-nile-virus-in-the-great-salt-lake-utah
#12
Melissa Lund, Valerie Shearn-Bochsler, Robert J Dusek, Jan Shivers, Erik Hofmeister
In November and December of 2013, a large mortality event involving 15,000 - 20,000 eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis) occurred at the Great Salt Lake (GSL), UT. The onset of the outbreak in grebes was followed by a mortality event in > 86 bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). During the die-off, West Nile virus (WNV) was detected by RT-PCR or viral culture in carcasses of grebes and eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center. However, no mosquito activity, the primary vector of WNV, was detected by the State of Utah's WNV monitoring program...
May 12, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489871/anatomy-taphonomy-and-phylogenetic-implications-of-a-new-specimen-of-eolambia-caroljonesa-dinosauria-ornithopoda-from-the-cedar-mountain-formation-utah-usa
#13
Andrew T McDonald, Terry A Gates, Lindsay E Zanno, Peter J Makovicky
BACKGROUND: Eolambia caroljonesa is the most abundant dinosaur in the lower Cenomanian Mussentuchit Member of the Cedar Mountain Formation of Utah, and one of the most completely known non-hadrosaurid iguanodontians from North America. In addition to the large holotype and paratype partial skulls, copious remains of skeletally immature individuals, including three bonebeds, have been referred to E. caroljonesa. Nevertheless, aspects of the postcranial anatomy of this taxon, particularly the pelvic girdle, have remained ambiguous due to the lack of associated postcranial material of larger, more mature individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480058/understanding-investigators-attitudes-through-a-results-based-accountability-framework-within-a-single-ctsa-institution
#14
Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson
PURPOSE: The National Center for Advancing Translation Science (NCATS) is implementing a new strategic management plan called the results-based accountability framework. This framework is part of the common metrics initiative. For successful implementation and adoption of new management strategies, it is important to assess current stakeholders' experiences and needs. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with principal investigators who are conducting research and supported by the Center for Clinical Translational Science at the University of Utah...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478851/-having-cancer-was-awful-but-also-something-good-came-out-post-traumatic-growth-among-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-cancer
#15
Eduardo R Zamora, Jaehee Yi, Jesmin Akter, Jonghee Kim, Echo L Warner, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: The cancer experience may cultivate positive psychological changes that can help reduce distress during adult survivors of childhood and adolescent cancer life course. The aim of this study is to examine the positive impact of cancer in adult survivors utilizing posttraumatic growth as a guiding framework. METHOD: Participants were identified and recruited through the Utah Cancer Registry. Eligible cases were diagnosed with cancer age ≤20 years from 1973 to 2009, born in Utah, and were age ≥18 at study...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471932/board-review-course-as-intervention-impact-on-pance-performance
#16
Alan K Mirly, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Jennifer M Coombs
PURPOSE: To analyze the effectiveness of an independent commercial 3-day Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE)-Physician Assistant National Recertifying Examination (PANRE) board review course to improve first-time pass rates on the PANCE. METHODS: Data were extracted from academic files at 2 universities over 2 years. In the first year (2014), the universities had not implemented a requirement for participation in a commercial board review course...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468492/coupling-between-chemical-and-meteorological-processes-under-persistent-cold-air-pool-conditions-evolution-of-wintertime-pm2-5-pollution-events-and-n2o5-observations-in-utah-s-salt-lake-valley
#17
Munkhbayar Baasandorj, Sebastian W Hoch, Ryan Bares, John C Lin, Steven S Brown, Dylan B Millet, Randal Martin, Kerry Kelly, Kyle J Zarzana, C David Whiteman, William P Dube, Gail Tonnesen, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo, John Sohl
The Salt Lake Valley experiences severe fine particulate matter pollution episodes in winter during persistent cold-air pools (PCAPs). We employ measurements throughout an entire winter from different elevations to examine the chemical and dynamical processes driving these episodes. Whereas primary pollutants such as NOx and CO were enhanced twofold during PCAPs, O3 concentrations were approximately threefold lower. Atmospheric composition varies strongly with altitude within a PCAP at night with lower NOx and higher oxidants (O3) and oxidized reactive nitrogen (N2O5) aloft...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462088/partial-molecular-characterization-of-the-mitochondrial-genome-of-baylisascaris-columnaris-and-prevalence-of-infection-in-a-wild-population-of-striped-skunks
#18
Youna Choi, Sara Mason, Michael Ahlborn, Brook Zscheile, Eric Wilson
Members of the genus Baylisascaris utilize omnivores or carnivores as their definitive hosts. The best known member of this genus is Baylisascaris procyonis, which is an intestinal parasite of raccoons. The closest relative of B. procyonis is B. columnaris, which utilizes the common skunk as its definitive host. Although B. procyonis has been extensively studied, relatively little is known of B. columnaris. For example, the mitochondrial genome of B. procyonis has been sequenced in its entirety. Conversely, the mitochondrial genome of B...
August 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454874/raising-the-speed-limit-from-75-to-80mph-on-utah-rural-interstates-effects-on-vehicle-speeds-and-speed-variance
#19
Wen Hu
INTRODUCTION: In November 2010 and October 2013, Utah increased speed limits on sections of rural interstates from 75 to 80mph. Effects on vehicle speeds and speed variance were examined. METHODS: Speeds were measured in May 2010 and May 2014 within the new 80mph zones, and at a nearby spillover site and at more distant control sites where speed limits remained 75mph. Log-linear regression models estimated percentage changes in speed variance and mean speeds for passenger vehicles and large trucks associated with the speed limit increase...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448783/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-pharmacist-medication-therapy-management-program-in-discontinuation-of-drugs-to-avoid-in-the-elderly
#20
Nicole Caffiero, Thomas Delate, Mercy D Ehizuelen, Kris Vogel
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of fall risk associated with some drugs to avoid in the elderly (DAEs), many aged patients continue to receive them. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist medication therapy management program (MTM) on discontinuation of prescribed DAEs. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an integrated health care delivery system. Kaiser Permanente Colorado beneficiaries aged ≥65 years who were MTM-eligible and targeted for a DAE dispensing between 01/01/2015 and 09/30/2015 were included in the observation group...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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