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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426915/improvements-in-colorectal-cancer-incidence-not-experienced-by-nonmetropolitan-women-a-population-based-study-from-utah
#1
Brynn Fowler, N Jewel Samadder, Deanna Kepka, Qian Ding, Lisa Pappas, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: Little is known about disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality by community-level factors such as metropolitan status. METHODS: This analysis utilized data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program from Utah. We included patients diagnosed with CRC from 1991 to 2010. To determine whether associations existed between metropolitan/nonmetropolitan county of residence and CRC incidence, Poisson regression models were used...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410009/studies-in-the-antrodia-serialis-group-polyporales-basidiomycota
#2
Viacheslav Spirin, Josef Vlasák, Otto Miettinen
Taxonomy and phylogeny of the Antrodia serialis group are revised with morphological, ecological, and geographic data, partial translation elongation factor 1-α (tef1) gene sequences, and nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S sequences. The group contains 13 species found in boreal and temperate zones of the Northern Hemisphere. The species are limited to certain geographic areas within Eurasia and North America. The traditional morphology-based concept of A. serialis covers at least four closely related species: A...
March 1, 2017: Mycologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407084/comparative-analysis-of-de-novo-assemblers-for-variation-discovery-in-personal-genomes
#3
Shulan Tian, Huihuang Yan, Eric W Klee, Michael Kalmbach, Susan L Slager
Current variant discovery approaches often rely on an initial read mapping to the reference sequence. Their effectiveness is limited by the presence of gaps, potential misassemblies, regions of duplicates with a high-sequence similarity and regions of high-sequence divergence in the reference. Also, mapping-based approaches are less sensitive to large INDELs and complex variations and provide little phase information in personal genomes. A few de novo assemblers have been developed to identify variants through direct variant calling from the assembly graph, micro-assembly and whole-genome assembly, but mainly for whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data...
April 11, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#4
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403525/cyanomargarita-gen-nov-nostocales-cyanobacteria-convergent-evolution-resulting-in-a-cryptic-genus
#5
Sergei Shalygin, Regina Shalygina, Jeffrey R Johansen, Nicole Pietrasiak, Esther Berrendero, Markéta Bohunická, Jan Mareš, Christopher A Sheil
Two populations of Rivularia-like cyanobacteria were isolated from ecologically distinct and biogeographically distant sites. One population was from an unpolluted stream in the Kola Peninsula of Russia, whereas the other was from a wet wall in the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, a desert park-land in Utah. Though both were virtually indistinguishable from Rivularia in field and cultured material, they were both phylogenetically distant from Rivularia and the Rivulariaceae based on both 16S rRNA and rbcLX phylogenies...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399629/total-mercury-and-methylmercury-response-in-water-sediment-and-biota-to-destratification-of-the-great-salt-lake-utah-united-states
#6
Carla Valdes, Frank J Black, Blair Stringham, Jeffrey N Collins, James R Goodman, Heidi J Saxton, Christopher R Mansfield, Joshua N Schmidt, Shu Yang, William P Johnson
Measurements of chemical and physical parameters made before and after sealing of culverts in the railroad causeway spanning the Great Salt Lake in late 2013 documented dramatic alterations in the system in response to the elimination of flow between the Great Salt Lake's north and south arms. The flow of denser, more-saline water through the culverts from the north arm (Gunnison Bay) to the south arm (Gilbert Bay) previously drove the perennial stratification of the south arm and the existence of oxic shallow brine and anoxic deep brine layers...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398667/costs-mortality-and-hospital-usage-in-relation-to-prenatal-diagnosis-in-d-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#7
Nelangi M Pinto, Richard Nelson, Lorenzo Botto, Michael D Puchalski, Sergey Krikov, Jaewhan Kim, Norman J Waitzman
BACKGROUND: The impact of prenatal diagnosis of d-transposition of the great arteries (dTGA) on health-care usage is largely unknown. We evaluated a population-based cohort to assess costs, mortality and inpatient encounters by whether dTGA was prenatally diagnosed or not. METHODS: The dTGA cases (born 1997-2011) identified at the Utah Birth Defect Network, which includes data on timing of diagnosis, were linked to statewide inpatient discharge data. We excluded preterm cases or cases with additional major heart defects...
March 1, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395008/derivation-and-validation-of-a-serum-biomarker-panel-to-identify-infants-with-acute-intracranial-hemorrhage
#8
Rachel Pardes Berger, Brian J Pak, Mariya D Kolesnikova, Janet Fromkin, Richard Saladino, Bruce E Herman, Mary Clyde Pierce, David Englert, Paul T Smith, Patrick M Kochanek
Importance: Abusive head trauma is the leading cause of death from physical abuse. Missing the diagnosis of abusive head trauma, particularly in its mild form, is common and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. Serum biomarkers may have potential as quantitative point-of-care screening tools to alert physicians to the possibility of intracranial hemorrhage. Objective: To identify and validate a set of biomarkers that could be the basis of a multivariable model to identify intracranial hemorrhage in well-appearing infants using the Ziplex System...
April 10, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391971/do-72-hour-waiting-periods-and-two-visit-requirements-for-abortion-affect-women-s-certainty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Sarah C M Roberts, Elise Belusa, David K Turok, Sarah Combellick, Lauren Ralph
PURPOSE: This paper examines how Utah's two-visit requirement and 72-hour waiting period influence women's certainty about their decision to have an abortion. PROCEDURES: This study uses data from a prospective cohort study of 500 women who presented at an abortion information visit at four Utah family planning facilities. At the information visit, participants completed a baseline survey; 3 weeks later, they completed telephone interviews that assessed their pregnancy outcome, change in certainty, and factors affecting changes in certainty...
April 5, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387241/an-unbiased-index-to-quantify-participant-s-phenotypic-contribution-to-an-open-access-cohort
#10
Yingleong Chan, Michael Tung, Alexander S Garruss, Sarah W Zaranek, Ying Kai Chan, Jeantine E Lunshof, Alexander W Zaranek, Madeleine P Ball, Michael F Chou, Elaine T Lim, George M Church
The Personal Genome Project (PGP) is an effort to enroll many participants to create an open-access repository of genome, health and trait data for research. However, PGP participants are not enrolled for studying any specific traits and participants choose the phenotypes to disclose. To measure the extent and willingness and to encourage and guide participants to contribute phenotypes, we developed an algorithm to score and rank the phenotypes and participants of the PGP. The scoring algorithm calculates the participation index (P-index) for every participant, where 0 indicates no reported phenotypes and 100 indicate complete phenotype reporting...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384422/physiological-correlates-of-multiple-parasitic-infections-in-side-blotched-lizards
#11
Austin R Spence, Andrew M Durso, Geoffrey D Smith, Heather M Skinner, Susannah S French
We investigated the presence of ectoparasites and hemoparasites in side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) across a large part of their range and measured how parasitic infection related to several key physiological indicators of health. Blood samples were collected from 132 lizards from central Arizona, southern Utah, and eastern Oregon. Hemoparasites were found in 22 individuals (3.2% prevalence in Arizona, 19.1% in Utah, and 6.3% in Oregon), and ectoparasites were found on 51 individuals (56.3% prevalence in Arizona, 56...
May 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382487/-retrospective-recording-of-childhood-adhd-symptoms-follow-up-of-adults-formerly-diagnosed-with-childhood-adhd-and-or-childhood-conduct-disorder
#12
F Wolf, M Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, K Becker
BACKGROUND: The Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is recommended for retrospective recording of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. Hence the present study explored the validity of the WURS and its short forms (WURS-25, WURS-k, WURS-15-G, IDA items) by screening adult subjects who had been diagnosed with either ADHD or conduct disorder (CD) during childhood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 317 contacted former patients of the department for child and adolescent psychiatry, 20 adults previously diagnosed with ADHD (20 male, mean age 27...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380446/identification-of-kansarl-as-the-first-cancer-predisposition-fusion-gene-specific-to-the-population-of-european-ancestry-origin
#13
Jeff Xiwu Zhou, Xiaoyan Yang, Shunbin Ning, Ling Wang, Kesheng Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Fenghua Yuan, Fengli Li, David D Zhuo, Liren Tang, Degen Zhuo
Gene fusion is one of the hallmarks of cancer. Recent advances in RNA-seq of cancer transcriptomes have facilitated the discovery of fusion transcripts. In this study, we report identification of a surprisingly large number of fusion transcripts, including six KANSARL (KANSL1-ARL17A) transcripts that resulted from the fusion between the KANSL1 and ARL17A genes using a RNA splicingcode model. Five of these six KANSARL fusion transcripts are novel. By systematic analysis of RNA-seq data of glioblastoma, prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and lymphoma from different regions of the World, we have found that KANSARL fusion transcripts were rarely detected in the tumors of individuals from Asia or Africa...
March 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380048/a-study-of-the-transferability-of-influenza-case-detection-systems-between-two-large-healthcare-systems
#14
Ye Ye, Michael M Wagner, Gregory F Cooper, Jeffrey P Ferraro, Howard Su, Per H Gesteland, Peter J Haug, Nicholas E Millett, John M Aronis, Andrew J Nowalk, Victor M Ruiz, Arturo López Pineda, Lingyun Shi, Rudy Van Bree, Thomas Ginter, Fuchiang Tsui
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the accuracy and transferability of Bayesian case detection systems (BCD) that use clinical notes from emergency department (ED) to detect influenza cases. METHODS: A BCD uses natural language processing (NLP) to infer the presence or absence of clinical findings from ED notes, which are fed into a Bayesain network classifier (BN) to infer patients' diagnoses. We developed BCDs at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (BCDUPMC) and Intermountain Healthcare in Utah (BCDIH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379823/diagnosing-hypertension-in-primary-care-clinics-according-to-current-guidelines
#15
Sarah Woolsey, Brittany Brown, Brenda Ralls, Michael Friedrichs, Barry Stults
PURPOSE: This descriptive study examines hypertension diagnostic practices in Utah primary care clinics relative to the 2015 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for the accurate diagnosis of hypertension. We assessed clinic procedures in place to facilitate accurate in-office and out-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 321 primary care clinics. We compared current clinic BP measurement practices with the USPTF recommendations and assessed the level of adherence to the recommendations by level of clinic integration with a hospital...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373804/comorbidity-of-adult-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-bipolar-and-unipolar-patients
#16
Hatice Harmanci, Feryal Çam Çelikel, İlker Etikan
INTRODUCTION: The co-occurrence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in affective disorder patients is considerably high. The aims of the present study were to search for the frequency and impact of ADHD co-occurrence on the clinical features of affective disorders and to examine the relationship between the dominant affective temperaments and ADHD. METHODS: In total, 100 patients with bipolar disorder (BD), 100 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and 100 healthy controls (HC) were included...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369031/a-statewide-survey-report-of-roles-and-responsibilities-in-current-utah-care-management-processes
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369024/a-statewide-survey-report-of-roles-and-responsibilities-in-current-utah-care-management-processes
#18
Brenda Luther, Marc-Aurel Martial, Joyce Barra
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Measure current roles and responsibilities of care managers in the state of Utah. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: All settings of health care including inpatient, outpatient, community, payer, post-acute, and transitional care settings. METHODS AND SAMPLE: A quantitative descriptive survey design was used to assess and describe current care management roles and responsibilities of 191 care managers within the state of Utah...
May 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366373/two-single-piece-acrylic-intraocular-lens-choices-and-their-effect-on-patient-reported-driving-habits
#19
Alex J Wright, Malkit K Singh, Bradley S Henriksen, Molly McFadden, Randall J Olson
PURPOSE: To determine whether intraocular lens (IOL) type affects patient driving habits 6 months to 5 years after cataract surgery, and to determine whether there were differences in self-reported driving habits between patients who received 1 of 2 IOLs. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients completed a telephone-administered Driving Habits Questionnaire (DHQ) 6 months to 5 years after having bilateral cataract surgery with a single-piece hydrophobic acrylic IOL, SN60WF (Group 1) or ZCB00 IOL (Group 2), in both eyes...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365763/the-effect-of-nest-box-distribution-on-sustainable-propagation-of-osmia-lignaria-hymenoptera-megachilidae-in-commercial-tart-cherry-orchards
#20
N K Boyle, T L Pitts-Singer
The blue orchard bee, Osmia lignaria (Say), is a solitary bee that is an excellent pollinator of tree fruit orchards. Due to the annual rising costs of honey bee hive rentals, many orchardists are eager to develop management tools and practices to support O. lignaria as an alternative pollinator. Establishing O. lignaria pollination as a sustainable industry requires careful consideration of both bee and orchard management. Here, we test the effect of artificial nest box distribution on in-orchard propagation of O...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
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