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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786500/exploratory-cluster-analysis-to-identify-patterns-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-500-cities-project
#1
Shelley H Liu, Yan Li, Bian Liu
Chronic kidney disease is a leading cause of death in the United States. We used cluster analysis to explore patterns of chronic kidney disease in 500 of the largest US cities. After adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, we found that unhealthy behaviors, prevention measures, and health outcomes related to chronic kidney disease differ between cities in Utah and those in the rest of the United States. Cluster analysis can be useful for identifying geographic regions that may have important policy implications for preventing chronic kidney disease...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780272/experimental-study-on-the-confinement-dependent-characteristics-of-a-utah-coal-considering-the-anisotropy-by-cleats
#2
Bo-Hyun Kim, Gabriel Walton, Mark K Larson, Steve Berry
Characterizing a coal from an engineering perspective for design of mining excavations is critical in order to prevent fatalities, as underground coal mines are often developed in highly stressed ground conditions. Coal pillar bursts involve the sudden expulsion of coal and rock into the mine opening. These events occur when relatively high stresses in a coal pillar, left for support in underground workings, exceed the pillar's load capacity causing the pillar to rupture without warning. This process may be influenced by cleating, which is a type of joint system that can be found in coal rock masses...
May 2018: International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778063/comparison-of-three-dimensional-multi-segmental-foot-models-used-in-clinical-gait-laboratories
#3
Kristen Nicholson, Chris Church, Colton Takata, Tim Niiler, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Nancy Lennon, Julie P Sees, John Henley, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: Many skin-mounted three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models are currently in use for gait analysis. Evidence regarding the repeatability of models, including between trial and between assessors, is mixed, and there are no between model comparisons of kinematic results. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study explores differences in kinematics and repeatability between five three-dimensional multi-segmented foot models. The five models include duPont, Heidelberg, Oxford Child, Leardini, and Utah...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774955/examining-the-factors-that-are-correlated-with-mindfulness-with-a-focus-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#4
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773457/effect-of-increasing-flow-when-grooving-during-phacoemulsification
#5
Brian A Bird, Rhett S Thomson, Lance A Stutz, Joshua B Heczko, Ashlie A Bernhisel, William R Barlow, Brian Zaugg, Jeff H Pettey, Randall J Olson
PURPOSE: To determine optimum flow settings on the Centurion Vision System during the grooving step in cataract surgery. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center Laboratory, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Intact porcine lenses hardened by formalin and placed in a chamber designed to simulate the anterior chamber of the eye were used to test flow rate settings at 20 mL/min, 40 mL/min, and 60 mL/min...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759262/focus-on-the-quadruple-aim-development-of-a-resiliency-center-to-promote-faculty-and-staff-wellness-initiatives
#6
Ellen Morrow, Megan Call, Robin Marcus, Amy Locke
DEFINING THE PROBLEM: A growing body of evidence highlights the need for wellness programs to support health care professionals. Although much of the existing literature centers on practicing physicians and physician trainees, there is growing awareness that these challenges are not unique to physicians and affect all members of the health care team. Traumatic and stressful events will always be a part of health care; how these events are addressed on a personal and team level is essential to the success of a health care system...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757813/estimating-the-economic-burden-related-to-older-adult-falls-by-state
#7
Yara K Haddad, Gwen Bergen, Curtis S Florence
OBJECTIVE: Unintentional falls in older adults (persons 65 years of age and older) impose a significant economic burden on the health care system. Methods for calculating state-specific health care costs are limited. This study describes 2 methods to estimate state-level direct medical spending due to older adult falls and explains their differences, advantages, and limitations. DESIGN: The first method, partial attributable fraction, applied a national attributable fraction to the total state health expenditure accounts in 2014 by payer type (Medicare, Medicaid, and private insurance)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752496/what-are-the-conditions-of-riparian-ecosystems-identifying-impaired-floodplain-ecosystems-across-the-western-u-s-using-the-riparian-condition-assessment-rca-tool
#8
William W Macfarlane, Jordan T Gilbert, Joshua D Gilbert, William C Saunders, Nate Hough-Snee, Chalese Hafen, Joseph M Wheaton, Stephen N Bennett
Environmental stressors associated with human land and water-use activities have degraded many riparian ecosystems across the western United States. These stressors include (i) the widespread expansion of invasive plant species that displace native vegetation and exacerbate streamflow and sediment regime alteration; (ii) agricultural and urban development in valley bottoms that decouple streams and rivers from their floodplains and reduce instream wood recruitment and retention; and (iii) flow modification that reduces water quantity and quality, degrading aquatic habitats...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752177/prescription-drug-shortages-implications-for-ambulatory-pediatrics
#9
Katie A Donnelly, Mark S Zocchi, Tamara A Katy, Erin R Fox, John N van den Anker, Maryann E Mazer-Amirshahi
OBJECTIVE: To describe contemporary drug shortages affecting general ambulatory pediatrics. STUDY DESIGN: Data from January 2001 to December 2015 were obtained from the University of Utah Drug Information Service. Two pediatricians reviewed drug shortages and identified agents used in ambulatory pediatrics. Shortage data were analyzed by the type of drug, formulation, reason for shortage, duration, marketing status, if a pediatric friendly-formulation was available, or if it was a single-source product...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752046/long-term-outcomes-for-pediatric-patients-having-transscleral-fixation-of-the-capsular-bag-with-intraocular-lens-for-ectopia-lentis
#10
Julia M Byrd, Marielle P Young, Wei Liu, Yue Zhang, David B Tate, Alan S Crandall, Leah A Owen
PURPOSE: To report the long-term outcomes of transscleral fixation of capsular tension rings (CTR) with intraocular lens (IOL) placement in pediatric patients with ectopia lentis. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Pediatric patients requiring lens extraction with transscleral capsular bag fixation with a CTR and IOL for ectopia lentis between January 2006 and January 2016 were analyzed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742000/haemoproteus-parahaemoproteus-spp-in-captive-bred-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus-in-southern-utah-usa
#11
E Jane Kelly, Thomas J Baldwin, David D Frame, April L Childress, James F X Wellehan
A captive-bred Bobwhite Quail ( Colinus virginianus) ranch in southern Utah experienced high mortality rates in the late summer and fall of 2012. Nine juvenile birds were necropsied at the Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. Gross lesions included pale skeletal muscle with multifocal hemorrhages and petechiae in the air sacs and serosal surfaces of most organs. Histologically there was moderate to severe, multifocal, degenerative myositis with intramyofiber schizonts and minimal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates in the proventriculus, ventriculus, heart, and skeletal muscle...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739667/utah-pharmacists-knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers-regarding-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-recommendation
#12
Victoria Tolentino, Elizabeth Unni, Jaime Montuoro, Diane Bezzant-Ogborn, Deanna Kepka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate Utah community pharmacists' knowledge and attitudes toward recommendation of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, to determine whether the knowledge and attitude of pharmacists regarding the HPV vaccine influence their recommendation behaviors, and to capture any self-identified barriers to recommending the HPV vaccine. DESIGN: A cross-sectional anonymous 73-item survey was developed and administered to community, outpatient, and ambulatory care pharmacists...
May 5, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734635/emissions-of-organic-compounds-from-produced-water-ponds-i-characteristics-and-speciation
#13
Seth N Lyman, Marc L Mansfield, Huy N Q Tran, Jordan D Evans, Colleen Jones, Trevor O'Neil, Ric Bowers, Ann Smith, Cara Keslar
We measured fluxes of methane, a suite of non-methane hydrocarbons (C2-C11), light alcohols, and carbon dioxide from oil and gas produced water storage and disposal ponds in Utah (Uinta Basin) and Wyoming (Upper Green River Basin) United States during 2013-2016. In this paper, we discuss the characteristics of produced water composition and air-water fluxes, with a focus on flux chamber measurements. In companion papers, we will (1) report on inverse modeling methods used to estimate emissions from produced water ponds, including comparisons with flux chamber measurements, and (2) discuss the development of mass transfer coefficients to estimate emissions and place emissions from produced water ponds in the context of all regional oil and gas-related emissions...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728322/geographic-patterns-of-radiology-referrals-in-the-united-states-a-descriptive-network-analysis
#14
Geraldine J Liao, Joshua M Liao, Tessa S Cook
PURPOSE: To provide a nationwide description of radiology referral patterns for Medicare beneficiaries and network-based measures that can describe and monitor shifts in referral patterns. METHODS: We linked publicly available Medicare data with the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System data set to analyze 3,925,366 encounters representing referrals from nonradiology referrers to diagnostic radiology providers in 2015. We assessed per-state referral volume as well as in-state and in-region referrals and the correlation between state referral volume and in-state referrals...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723902/factors-associated-with-stillbirth-autopsy-in-georgia-and-utah-2010-2014-the-importance-of-delivery-location
#15
Kaitlin Forsberg, Lauren Christiansen-Lindquist, Robert M Silver
OBJECTIVE:  This article determines whether demographic, delivery, and medical factors are associated with stillbirth autopsy performance in Georgia and Utah. STUDY DESIGN:  This study used fetal death certificates from 2010 to 2014 to determine which factors are associated with stillbirth autopsy performance in Georgia and Utah. Analyses were conducted using logistic regression with a predicted margins approach. RESULTS:  The stillbirth autopsy rate was low in both states: 11...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723084/patient-navigation-preferences-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-services-by-distance-to-treatment-location
#16
Echo L Warner, Brynn Fowler, Samantha T Pannier, Sara K Salmon, Douglas Fair, Holly Spraker-Perlman, Jeffrey Yancey, R Lor Randall, Anne C Kirchhoff
PURPOSE: To describe how distance to treatment location influences patient navigation preferences for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients and survivors. METHODS: This study is part of a statewide needs assessment to inform the development of an AYA cancer patient and survivor navigation program. Participants were recruited from outpatient oncology clinics in Utah. Eligible participants had been diagnosed with cancer between ages 15-39 and had completed at least 1 month of treatment...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722635/recent-and-future-advances-in-anticancer-drug-delivery-an-interview-with-khaled-greish
#17
Khaled Greish
Khaled Greish speaks to Hannah Makin, Commissioning Editor: Khaled Greish is Associate Professor of Molecular Medicine, and head of the Nano-research unit, at Princes Al-Jawhara Center, Arabian Gulf University, Kingdom of Bahrain. His previous appointments included Senior lecturer of Pharmacology at the University of Otago, New Zealand, and Assistant Professor of Pharmaceutical Chemistry at University of Utah (UT, USA). He has published >70 peer reviewed papers, and ten book chapters in the field of targeted anticancer drug delivery...
May 1, 2018: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712525/analysis-of-cerebrovascular-aneurysm-treatment-cost-retrospective-cohort-comparison-of-clipping-coiling-and-flow-diversion
#18
Spencer Twitchell, Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Jared Reese, Michael Karsy, Ilyas M Eli, Jian Guan, Philipp Taussky, William T Couldwell
OBJECTIVE With the continuous rise of health care costs, hospitals and health care providers must find ways to reduce costs while maintaining high-quality care. Comparing surgical and endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms may offer direction in reducing health care costs. The Value-Driven Outcomes (VDO) database at the University of Utah identifies cost drivers and tracks changes over time. In this study, the authors evaluate specific cost drivers for surgical clipping and endovascular management (i...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712516/assessment-of-cost-drivers-and-cost-variation-for-lumbar-interbody-fusion-procedures-using-the-value-driven-outcomes-database
#19
Spencer Twitchell, Michael Karsy, Jared Reese, Jian Guan, William T Couldwell, Andrew Dailey, Erica F Bisson
OBJECTIVE Efforts to examine the value of care-combining both costs and quality-are gaining importance in the current health care climate. This thrust is particularly evident in treating common spinal disease where both incidences and costs are generally high and practice patterns are variable. It is often challenging to obtain direct surgical costs for these analyses, which hinders the understanding of cost drivers and cost variation. Using a novel tool, the authors sought to understand the costs of posterior lumbar arthrodesis with interbody devices...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705053/rural-metropolitan-disparities-in-ovarian-cancer-survival-a-statewide-population-based-study
#20
Jihye Park, Brenna E Blackburn, Kerry Rowe, John Snyder, Yuan Wan, Vikrant Deshmukh, Michael Newman, Alison Fraser, Ken Smith, Kim Herget, Lindsay Burt, Theresa Werner, David K Gaffney, Ana Maria Lopez, Kathi Mooney, Mia Hashibe
PURPOSE: To investigate rural-metropolitan disparities in ovarian cancer survival, we assessed ovarian cancer mortality and differences in prognostic factors by rural-metropolitan residence. METHODS: The Utah Population Database was used to identify ovarian cancer cases diagnosed between 1997 and 2012. Residential location information at the time of cancer diagnosis was used to stratify rural-metropolitan residence. All-cause death and ovarian cancer death risks were estimated using Cox proportional hazard regression models...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
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