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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801303/health-care-providers-knowledge-of-hpv-vaccination-barriers-and-strategies-in-a-state-with-low-hpv-vaccine-receipt-mixed-methods-study
#1
Echo L Warner, Qian Ding, Lisa Pappas, Julia Bodson, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Anne C Kirchhoff, Deanna Kepka
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is below national goals in the United States. Health care providers are at the forefront of improving vaccination in the United States, given their close interactions with patients and parents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the associations between demographic and practice characteristics of the health care providers with the knowledge of HPV vaccination and HPV vaccine guidelines. Furthermore, our aim was to contextualize the providers' perceptions of barriers to HPV vaccination and strategies for improving vaccination in a state with low HPV vaccine receipt...
August 11, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800716/co-occurrence-of-asd-and-adhd-traits-in-an-adult-population
#2
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
OBJECTIVE: ADHD and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be viewed as the extreme end of traits found in the general population. Clinical and genetic studies suggest that ADHD and ASD often co-occur and share genetic susceptibility. The aim of this study was to examine co-occurrence of ADHD and ASD traits in the general population. METHOD: In total, 334 participants were recruited from a population-based sample. Four questionnaires assessing current and retrospective ADHD and ASD traits were administered online: the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Symptom Checklist, the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25), the Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), and the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796851/association-of-maternal-preeclampsia-with-infant-risk-of-premature-birth-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#3
Julia P Shulman, Cindy Weng, Jacob Wilkes, Tom Greene, M Elizabeth Hartnett
Importance: Studies report conflicting associations between preeclampsia and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). This study provides explanations for the discrepancies to clarify the relationship between preeclampsia and ROP. Objective: To evaluate the association of maternal preeclampsia and risk of ROP among infants in an unrestricted birth cohort and a restricted subcohort of preterm, very low birth weight (P-VLBW) infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective review of 290 992 live births within the Intermountain Healthcare System in Utah from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2010, was performed...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789821/fetal-death-certificate-data-quality-a-tale-of-two-u-s-counties
#4
Lauren Christiansen-Lindquist, Robert M Silver, Corette B Parker, Donald J Dudley, Matthew A Koch, Uma M Reddy, George R Saade, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J R Hogue
PURPOSE: Describe the relative frequency and joint effect of missing and misreported fetal death certificate (FDC) data and identify variations by key characteristics. METHODS: Stillbirths were prospectively identified during 2006-2008 for a multisite population-based case-control study. For this study, eligible mothers of stillbirths were not incarcerated residents of DeKalb County, Georgia, or Salt Lake County, Utah, aged ≥13 years, with an identifiable FDC...
July 20, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777512/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-utah-1996-2013
#5
Lindell K Weaver, Kayla Deru, Susan Churchill, Joshua Legler, Greg Snow, Todd Grey
INTRODUCTION: The true incidence of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is not clearly known, but a description of possible trends could aid in prevention. METHODS: Investigators searched Utah state databases for emergency department (ED) visits and admissions for CO poisoning and medical examiner records for CO-related fatalities. RESULTS: From 1996-2013, 7,590 individuals were diagnosed with CO poisoning: 6,469 were treated/ released from EDs; 596 were admitted; 525 died...
November 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772302/cancer-risk-in-families-fulfilling-the-amsterdam-criteria-for-lynch-syndrome
#6
N Jewel Samadder, Ken Robert Smith, Jathine Wong, Alun Thomas, Heidi Hanson, Kenneth Boucher, Cathryn Kopituch, Lisa A Cannon-Albright, Randall W Burt, Karen Curtin
Importance: The data describing cancer risks associated with Lynch syndrome are variable. Objectives: To quantify the prevalence of families that fulfill the Amsterdam I or II criteria for Lynch syndrome in the Utah population and investigate the risk of colonic and extracolonic cancers in family members and their relatives. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a population-based study, 202 families with Amsterdam I and II criteria-positive pedigrees in the Utah Population Database were identified...
August 3, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769677/a-review-of-the-flea-genus-phalacropsylla-rothschild-1915-siphonaptera-ctenophthalmidae-neopsyllinae-phalacropsyllini-with-new-host-and-distributional-records
#7
Roxana Acosta, Michael W Hastriter
A redescription of the genus Phalacropsylla Rothschild is provided. Six species are recognized: Phalacropsylla allos Wagner, P. hamata Tipton and Mendez, P. morlani Eads and Campos, P. nivalis Barrera and Traub, P. oregonensis Lewis and Maser, and P. paradisea Rothschild. Phalacropsylla hamata is designated herein as a junior synonym of P. paradisea. The distribution of P. paradisea is more extensive than previously thought, extending from Arizona through southern Colorado, into New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico (State of Nuevo León)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763392/four-corners-states-biomonitoring-consortium-lessons-learned-during-implementation
#8
Sanwat N Chaudhuri, Megan Broekemeier, Carrie Butler, Alexander Coyle, Kayla Iuliano, Katherine A James, Sam LeFevre
Building on a history of collaboration in environmental public health and biomonitoring activities, laboratory and environmental epidemiology leaders in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah created the Four Corners States Biomonitoring Consortium, which is now in its third year of activities. In this article, we briefly highlight some lessons learned during the implementation phases of the consortium, including the processes of collaborating to identify common environmental exposure concerns, prioritizing those concerns, identifying cohorts and communities with potential risks of excessive exposure, developing a model for conducting exposure investigations, and the challenges presented during the implementation phases and early fieldwork activities...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761794/newly-incident-cannabis-use-in-the-united-states-2002-2011-a-regional-and-state-level-benchmark
#9
Jacob P Leinweber, Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States. These circumstances prompted us to conduct an epidemiological test of whether the states bordering Mexico had exceptionally large cannabis incidence rates for 2002-2011. The resulting range of cannabis incidence rates disclosed here can serve as 2002-2011 benchmark values against which estimates from later years can be compared...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760867/asymmetric-dichoptic-masking-in-visual-cortex-of-amblyopic-macaque-monkeys
#10
Christopher Shooner, Luke E Hallum, Romesh D Kumbhani, Virginia García-Marín, Jenna G Kelly, Najib J Majaj, J Anthony Movshon, Lynne Kiorpes
In amblyopia, abnormal visual experience leads to an extreme form of eye dominance, in which vision through the non-dominant eye is degraded. A key aspect of this disorder is perceptual suppression: The image seen by the stronger eye often dominates during binocular viewing, blocking the weaker eye's image from reaching awareness. Interocular suppression is the focus of ongoing work aimed at understanding and treating amblyopia, yet its physiological basis remains unknown. We measured binocular interactions in visual cortex of anesthetized amblyopic monkeys (female Macaca nemestrina), using 96-channel 'Utah' arrays to record from populations of neurons in V1 and V2...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760090/the-impact-of-emotional-lability-symptoms-during-childhood-in-adults-with-adhd
#11
Laura Gisbert, Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Pol Ibáñez, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether emotional lability (EL) in adult ADHD patients can already be identified during their childhood and the extent to which this childhood symptomatology can predict EL in adulthood. METHOD: Seven hundred eighteen adults with ADHD were examined. EL in adulthood was assessed using the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS). According to Conners' definition of EL, seven items from the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) were used to determine this symptomatology in childhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734863/significant-linkage-evidence-for-interstitial-cystitis-painful-bladder-syndrome-on-chromosome-3
#12
Kristina Allen-Brady, Kerry Rowe, Melissa Cessna, Sara Lenherr, Peggy Norton
PURPOSE: Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a chronic pelvic pain condition with unknown etiology. We hypothesized that related IC/PBS cases were more likely to have a genetic etiology. The purpose of this study was to perform a genetic linkage analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IC/PBS cases were identified using diagnostic codes linked to a population-based genealogy resource (Utah Population Database) and electronic medical records. For this analysis, 13 high-risk pedigrees (defined as having a statistical excess number of IC/PBS cases among descendants compared to matched hospital population rates) were used...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734233/risk-of-hospitalization-among-survivors-of-childhood-and-adolescent-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-compared-to-siblings-and-a-general-population-sample
#13
Judy Y Ou, Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Sapna Kaul, Mark N Fluchel, Carol Sweeney, Anne C Kirchhoff
BACKGROUND: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) has a high survival rate, but cancer-related late effects in the early post-treatment years need documentation. Hospitalizations are an indicator of the burden of late effects. We identify rates and risk factors for hospitalization from five to ten years after diagnosis for childhood and adolescent ALL survivors compared to siblings and a matched population sample. METHODS: 176 ALL survivors were diagnosed at ≤22 years between 1998 and 2008 and treated at an Intermountain Healthcare facility...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730814/persistent-urban-influence-on-surface-water-quality-via-impacted-groundwater
#14
Rachel S Gabor, Steven J Hall, David Eiriksson, Yusuf Jameel, Mallory Millington, Trinity Stout, Michelle L Barnes, Andrew Gelderloos, Hyrum Tennant, Gabriel J Bowen, Bethany T Neilson, Paul D Brooks
Growing urban environments stress hydrologic systems and impact downstream water quality. We examined a third-order catchment that transitions from an undisturbed mountain environment into urban Salt Lake City, Utah. We performed synoptic surveys during a range of seasonal baseflow conditions and utilized multiple lines of evidence to identify mechanisms by which urbanization impacts water quality. Surface water chemistry did not change appreciably until several kilometers into the urban environment, where concentrations of solutes such as chloride and nitrate increase quickly in a gaining reach...
July 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727546/a-formative-evaluation-of-a-diabetes-prevention-program-using-the-re-aim-framework-in-a-learning-health-care-system-utah-2013-2015
#15
Kimberly D Brunisholz, Jaewhan Kim, Lucy A Savitz, Mia Hashibe, Lisa H Gren, Sharon Hamilton, Kelly Huynh, Elizabeth A Joy
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of interventions can help to close the gap between research and practice but seldom takes place during implementation. Using the RE-AIM framework, we conducted a formative evaluation of the first year of the Intermountain Healthcare Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). METHODS: Adult patients who met the criteria for prediabetes (HbA1c of 5.70%-6.49% or fasting plasma glucose of 100-125 mg/dL) were attributed to a primary care provider from August 1, 2013, through July 31, 2014...
July 20, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727533/transit-rider-body-mass-index-before-and-after-completion-of-street-light-rail-line-in-utah
#16
Barbara B Brown, Ken R Smith, Wyatt A Jensen, Doug Tharp
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether 2012 to 2015 (times 1-3) ridership changes correlated with body mass index (BMI) changes after transit line completion in Salt Lake City, Utah. METHODS: We used Global Positioning System/accelerometry-measured transit ridership measures in 2012 to 2013 (times 1-2) to compare objective and self-reported ridership. Regression models related changes in objectively measured ridership (times 1-2) and self-reported ridership (times 1-2 and times 1-3) to BMI changes, adjusting for control variables...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726601/zika-virus-infection-in-patient-with-no-known-risk-factors-utah-usa-2016
#17
Elisabeth R Krow-Lucal, Shannon A Novosad, Angela C Dunn, Carolyn R Brent, Harry M Savage, Ary Faraji, Dallin Peterson, Andrew Dibbs, Brook Vietor, Kimberly Christensen, Janeen J Laven, Marvin S Godsey, Bryan Christensen, Brigette Beyer, Margaret M Cortese, Nina C Johnson, Amanda J Panella, Brad J Biggerstaff, Michael Rubin, Scott K Fridkin, J Erin Staples, Allyn K Nakashima
In 2016, Zika virus disease developed in a man (patient A) who had no known risk factors beyond caring for a relative who died of this disease (index patient). We investigated the source of infection for patient A by surveying other family contacts, healthcare personnel, and community members, and testing samples for Zika virus. We identified 19 family contacts who had similar exposures to the index patient; 86 healthcare personnel had contact with the index patient, including 57 (66%) who had contact with body fluids...
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721358/utah-optrode-array-customization-using-stereotactic-brain-atlases-and-3-d-cad-modeling-for-optogenetic-neocortical-interrogation-in-small-rodents-and-nonhuman-primates
#18
Ronald W Boutte, Sam Merlin, Guy Yona, Brandon Griffiths, Alessandra Angelucci, Itamar Kahn, Shy Shoham, Steve Blair
As the optogenetic field expands, the need for precise targeting of neocortical circuits only grows more crucial. This work demonstrates a technique for using Solidworks(®) computer-aided design (CAD) and readily available stereotactic brain atlases to create a three-dimensional (3-D) model of the dorsal region of area visual cortex 4 (V4D) of the macaque monkey (Macaca fascicularis) visual cortex. The 3-D CAD model of the brain was used to customize an [Formula: see text] Utah optrode array (UOA) after it was determined that a high-density ([Formula: see text]) UOA caused extensive damage to marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) primary visual cortex as assessed by electrophysiological recording of spiking activity through a 1...
October 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715165/relaxing-school-suncreen-restrictions
#19
Joellen Kralik
(1) Utah, Delaware, Vermont, Minnesota and Idaho have the highest skin cancer rates of all U.S. states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2) Sunscreen is regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration because it makes a "drug claim"--that it helps prevent sunburn and decreases the risks of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun. (3) In Europe and some other countries, sunscreens are regulated as cosmetics, not as drugs.
July 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695908/long-term-colorectal-cancer-incidence-after-negative-colonoscopy-in-the-state-of-utah-the-effect-of-family-history
#20
N Jewel Samadder, Lisa Pappas, Kenneth M Boucherr, Ken R Smith, Heidi Hanson, Alison Fraser, Yuan Wan, Randall W Burt, Karen Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Colonoscopy is widely recommended for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but evidence to guide the optimal frequency of repeat screening examination is limited. We examined the duration and magnitude of the risk of developing CRC, following a negative colonoscopy in those at average risk and those with a first-degree family history of CRC. METHODS: A cohort of Utah residents aged 50-80 years who had a negative colonoscopy between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2011 was identified using the Utah Population Database...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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