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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644937/predictors-of-recurrence-after-corticosteroid-injection-for-trigger-digits
#1
Louis C Grandizio, Amy Speeckaert, Justin Brothers, Jove Graham, Joel C Klena
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence of trigger digit following corticosteroid injection. METHODS: A retrospective review identified patients 18 years and older who presented to a single fellowship-trained hand surgeon with a symptomatic trigger digit during a 1-year period. Baseline demographic data were recorded. Patients with persistent trigger digit after a single injection were offered a second injection. Patients refusing a second injection were excluded from our analysis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644187/perioperative-blood-management-in-pediatric-spine-surgery
#2
Matthew E Oetgen, Jody Litrenta
Blood management strategies are integral to successful outcomes in many types of orthopaedic surgery. These strategies minimize blood loss and transfusion requirements, ultimately decreasing complications, improving outcomes, and potentially eliminating risks associated with allogeneic transfusion. Practices to achieve these goals include preoperative evaluation and optimization of hemoglobin, the use of pharmacologic agents or anesthetic methods, intraoperative techniques to improve hemostasis and cell salvage, and the use of predonated autologous blood...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631712/-the-molecular-mechanisms-and-morphological-manifestations-of-leiomyoma-reduction-induced-by-selective-progesterone-receptor-modulators
#3
T A Demura, Z V Revazova, E A Kogan, L V Adamyan
AIM: to investigate the molecular mechanisms and morphological substrate of reduced uterine leiomyoma in patients receiving the selective progesterone receptor modulator (SPRM) ulipristal acetate for 3 months, by estimating the immunohistochemical expression of the markers steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1), nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCoR-1), ER, PgR, Ki-67, p16, TGF-β, and VEGF in tumor tissue. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 75 women with uterine leiomyoma, menorrhagias, and anemia...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628416/case-243-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-in-an-adrenal-myelolipoma
#4
James Tanner, Shalini Malhotra, Hesham El-Daly, Edmund M Godfrey
History A 30-year-old man presented to the emergency department with epigastric pain. He was vomiting and in distress, and he had a history of thalassemia. Physical examination findings were unremarkable. Pertinent blood results were a hemoglobin level of 10.5 g/dL (6.52 mmol/L) (normal range, 13.5-18.0 g/dL [8.38-11.17 mmol/L]) and a bilirubin level of 62 µmol/L (normal range, 3-17 µmol/L). The remaining hematologic and biochemical results were normal. Aortic dissection was suspected clinically, so the patient was referred for imaging...
July 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621637/surgical-techniques-and-procedures-for-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-severe-atherosclerosis
#5
Koji Nanmoku, Yoshihiko Watarai, Shunji Narumi, Norihiko Goto, Takayuki Yamamoto, Makoto Tsujita, Takahisa Hiramitsu, Akio Katayama, Takaaki Kobayashi, Kazuharu Uchida
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerosis is becoming a more common problem for dialysis patients. Therefore, transplant surgeons are faced with the need to develop surgical techniques and procedures for severe atherosclerosis. This study aimed to clarify the clinical features, the usefulness of examinations, and operative procedures for kidney transplant recipients with the complication of severe atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 220 kidney transplant candidates, 13 patients (severe atherosclerosis group) were predicted complications due to arterial calcification in the bilateral iliac arterial system using a computed tomographic scan...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620895/the-standardized-postoperative-checklist-for-bariatric-surgery-a-tool-for-safe-early-discharge
#6
Stefanie R van Mil, Lucia E Duinhouwer, Guido H H Mannaerts, L Ulas Biter, Martin Dunkelgrun, Jan A Apers
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese patients are at higher risk of complications after surgery. In bariatric surgery, pre- and intra-operative checklists are commonly used to identify high-risk patients preoperatively, to decrease the number of postoperative complications. This pilot study evaluates the effect of a postoperative checklist in bariatric surgery, addressing regularly measured parameters, on the occurrence and early recognition of complications. METHODS: An in-house developed postoperative checklist was used on the first postoperative day after bariatric surgery and included information on nausea, pain, temperature, heart rate, and laboratory markers...
June 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613206/-evolution-from-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-to-mini-pcnl-in-supine-position-on-the-treatment-of-complex-renal-calculi-feasibility-study
#7
Fernando Ramón de Fata-Chillón, Helena Gimbernat-Díaz, Cristina Redondo-Redondo, Elisa Meilán-Hernández, Erika Mateo-Martínez
OBJECTIVES: Mini-PCNL is a potentially less invasive technique than standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). We present our experience and results comparing both approaches in large burden complex renal calculi. METHODS: Prospective non randomized study comparing PCNL (24/26F nephroscope; Group A) and Mini-PCNL (15/18F; Group B) perioperative and postoperative results, in 40 (20 each group) consecutive patients between 2013 and 2014. We analyze demographic data, hemoglobin drop, urine culture, stone characteristics, operative time, puncture, number and size of the tract, disintegration energy sources, nephrostomy placement, hospital stay, stone free rate and Clavien-Dindo complications...
June 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611530/comparison-between-laparoscopy-and-laparotomy-in-systematic-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-for-patients-with-endometrial-cancer-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#8
Tomohito Tanaka, Yoshito Terai, Shigenori Hayashi, Daisuke Aoki, Michiyasu Miki, Eiji Kobayashi, Tadashi Kimura, Tsukasa Baba, Noriomi Matsumura, Masahide Ohmichi
Objective: Laparoscopic surgery has been developed worldwide due to its minimal invasion as well as noninferiority, compared with laparotomy. However, whether or not laparoscopic systematic para-aortic lymphadenectomy for endometrial cancer is feasible and has advantages of various clinical factors, such as a short hospital stay, less blood loss, and faster recovery, compared with open surgery has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to compare a laparoscopic procedure with laparotomy for para-aortic lymphadenectomy for patients with endometrial cancer...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606449/transfusion-related-immunomodulation-and-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Hadi Goubran, David Sheridan, Julia Radosevic, Thierry Burnouf, Jerard Seghatchian
Blood and blood-component therapy triggers immunological reactions in recipients. Transfusion-related immunomodulation [TRIM] is an important complex biological immune reaction to transfusion culminating in immunosuppression. The mechanisms underlying TRIM include the presence of residual leukocytes and apoptotic cells, the transfusion of immunosuppressive cytokines either present in donor components or generated during blood processing, the transfer of metabolically active growth factor-loaded microparticles and extracellular vesicles and the presence of free hemoglobin or extracellular vesicle-bound hemoglobin...
May 27, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604570/successful-treatment-of-pediatric-ventricular-assist-device-thrombosis
#10
Devin Chetan, Holger Buchholz, Mary Bauman, Vijay Anand, Paula Holinski, Jennifer Conway
Pump thrombosis represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients on continuous flow ventricular assist devices (CF-VAD). Pump thrombosis in the pediatric CF-VAD population has been reported between 11% and 44%, with the largest reported series from the PediMACS registry reporting a rate of approximately 15%. We report our early experience with four pediatric patients who developed pump thrombosis on a CF-VAD. Our limited experience suggests that the treatment of pediatric VAD thrombosis can be approached with similar principles to the adult population...
June 7, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604282/peripheral-artery-stent-dehiscence-percutaneous-management
#11
Satish Karur, Ravindranath K Shankarappa, Manjunath C Nanjappa
An elderly male presented with left abdominal swelling of 1-week duration and inability to move the left lower limb. He had undergone bilateral common iliac and left external iliac artery stenting with self-expandable stents for aortoiliac occlusive disease 1 month back. Clinical examination revealed tender abdominal nonpulsatile mass with systolic bruit. Ultrasonography suggested retroperitoneal hematoma. His hemoglobin was 7 g%. Echocardiogram showed ejection fraction of 40%. Computed tomography angiogram revealed large 10 × 10 retroperitoneal hematoma with possibility of continued bleeding from the left external iliac artery...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600116/features-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-in-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Aayed Alqahtani, Mohamed Elahmedi, Khalid Alswat, Maha Arafah, Mosa Fagih, Jaehoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an underrecognized co-morbidity of obesity. The characteristic features and severity of NAFLD in severe childhood obesity remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate features of NAFLD in obese children and identify predictors of significant disease. SETTING: Academic center with a standardized pathway for pediatric bariatric surgery and a dedicated multidisciplinary team. DESIGN: This is a baseline cross-sectional analysis for a data set obtained from a prospective clinical outcome study that included severely obese children (≤14 yr of age) and adolescents (14-21 yr of age) who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy between March 2008 and March 2015...
April 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600032/carbetocin-versus-oxytocin-for-prevention-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-infertile-women-with-twin-pregnancy-undergoing-elective-cesarean-delivery
#13
Kok-Min Seow, Kuo-Hu Chen, Peng-Hui Wang, Yu-Hung Lin, Jiann-Loung Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of carbetocin with those of oxytocin infusion in women with twin pregnancy undergoing elective cesarean delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present observational study conducted from January to December 2014 at a single center in Taiwan enrolled 64 women with twin pregnancy induced using in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. The women were divided into a carbetocin group who received a single injection of 100 μg carbetocin (n = 25) and a control group who received a continuous intravenous infusion of 10 IU oxytocin in 500 mL 0...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599278/identification-of-a-novel-de-novo-ank1-r1426-nonsense-mutation-in-a-chinese-family-with-hereditary-spherocytosis-by-ngs
#14
Xiong Wang, Bin Yi, Ketao Mu, Na Shen, Yaowu Zhu, Qun Hu, Yanjun Lu
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is an inherited heterogeneous hemolytic anemia, characterized by the presence of spherical-shaped erythrocytes on the peripheral blood smear, and the clinical manifestation ranges from asymptomatic to severely anemic, and transfusion-dependent patients. Mutations in at least five genes (ANK1, EPB42, SLC4A1, SPTA1, and SPTB) have been identified so far, and mutations of ANK1 gene are responsible for the majority of all HS cases. In this study, targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) was applied to identify a novel de novo ANK1 c...
May 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593782/the-impact-of-screening-on-short-term-outcome-after-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer
#15
Enric Sebastian, Ricard Courtier, Francesc Macià, Luís Grande, Miguel Pera
AIM: To investigate the influence of a screening program on the short-term outcome of patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between April 2010 and December 2012 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer via the screening program (n = 80) were compared with patients diagnosed elsewhere (n = 106). Only patients of ≥ 50 and ≤ 69 years of age diagnosed outside the program were selected as controls. The clinical variables included age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, Charlson index, preoperative hemoglobin and serum albumin levels, surgical approach, tumor location and stage, perioperative transfusion and postoperative morbidity...
June 8, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591045/the-efficiency-and-safety-of-tranexamic-acid-for-reducing-blood-loss-in-open-myomectomy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Dongdong Wang, Lixia Wang, Yifei Wang, Xinyan Lin
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to perform a meta-analysis including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the efficiency and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients undergoing open myomectomy. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Medline (1966-2017.03), PubMed (1966-2017.03), Embase (1980-2017.03), ScienceDirect (1985-2017.03,) and the Cochrane Library. Study evaluated the efficiency and safety of TXA in myomectomy was selected...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589529/dietary-intake-and-weight-changes-5%C3%A2-years-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#17
Ju-Jun Chou, Wei-Jei Lee, Owaid Almalki, Jung-Chien Chen, Pei-Ling Tsai, Shwu-Huey Yang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is becoming a leading primary bariatric surgery but long-term outcome remains unclear. The amount of food eaten is drastically reduced after LSG and may lead to nutritional deficiencies potentially. The aim of this study is to investigate long-term dietary intake and weight status after LSG. METHODS: Forty patients underwent LSG had more than 5-year follow-up with complete clinical data and food frequency questionnaires were analyzed...
June 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589217/a-prospective-randomized-comparison-of-micropercutaneous-nephrolithotomy-microperc-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-rirs-for-the-management-of-lower-pole-kidney-stones
#18
Abdulkadir Kandemir, Selcuk Guven, Mehmet Balasar, Mehmet Giray Sonmez, Hakan Taskapu, Recai Gurbuz
OBJECTIVE: To make a comparison between the safety and efficacy of micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy (microperc) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for the management of lower pole kidney stones up to 15 mm. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 60 patients presenting with solitary lower pole kidney stones up to 15 mm were included in the study between March 2013 and December 2015. Patients were randomized into Microperc or RIRS groups with computer-generated numbers. RESULTS: The mean stone size was 10...
June 6, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587389/comparison-of-the-hemodynamics-and-dynamics-of-fluid-shift-of-ringer-s-solution-before-surgery-in-children-and-adults
#19
Guizhou Zhu, Yuhong Li, Guomei Ru, Qiannan Ding
The present study investigated the hemodynamics, vascular and extravascular volume expansion induced by infusion of lactated Ringer's solution in children and adults before surgery. This was a prospective randomized double-blind study. A total of 28 patients (14 children and 14 adult patients; American Society of Anesthesiology status I) scheduled for similar minor pelvic, anal rectal or lower limb surgery were recruited for the present study. All patients were administered with 10 ml/kg of lactated Ringer's solution at a constant rate over 20 min...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583731/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-vascular-surgery
#20
REVIEW
George C Galyfos, Georgios E Geropapas, Argiri Sianou, Fragiska Sigala, Konstantinos Filis
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (PODE) remains a common complication after vascular surgery procedures although the exact pathogenesis remains unclear, mainly because of its multifactorial character. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate pooled data on potential risk factors for PODE in patients undergoing vascular surgery procedures. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted conforming to established criteria to identify eligible articles published from 1990 to 2016...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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