Read by QxMD icon Read


Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Patricia Akaishi, Somaya Hanafi, Rajiv Khandekar, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Silvana Schellini, Augusto Cruz
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of two techniques of frontalis silicone sling surgery. METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized chart review was performed on patients undergoing frontalis sling surgery between 2008 and 2011. Silicone rods were sutured to the tarsal plate through an eyelid crease incision (open method) or stab incisions (closed method). Data were collected on age, gender, type of surgery, preoperative and postoperative margin reflex distance (MRD), and complications...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Stacy A Drake, Sherhonda Harper, Dwayne A Wolf
The role of medicolegal death investigation (MLDI) systems in the assessment of violent deaths (e.g., gunshots, stab wounds, car crashes) is well known. However, the role of MLDI systems in informing healthcare agencies about potential patient safety and quality improvement activities is less understood and thus the main focus of this article. In this article we describes-one agency's initiatives to identify decedents whose circumstances or cause of death had potential relevance for patient safety and quality outcomes and to communicate those findings to acute care hospitals where the decedents were previously treated...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Forensic Nursing
Petr Handlos, Marek Dokoupil, Marie Staňková, Marek Joukal, Igor Dvořáček, Matěj Uvíra, Margita Smatanová
PURPOSE: In this paper we present a case report of two people who were found dead in a holiday cottage after a fire. The cause of death in these cases was clarified by the presence of blood in the left pleural cavity in both bodies. METHODS: An inspection of the bodies at the scene of the fire and subsequent examination by a medical examiner suggested the deaths were accidental. RESULTS: An autopsy showed that the bodies were those of a man and a woman with severe carbonization of the skin, soft tissues, brain, and some organs of the thoracic and abdominal cavities...
October 25, 2016: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Sunny Kim
A 79-year-old female presented with incapacitating chronic neck pain. The patient's pain which was greatest on the left side persisted for 18 months and was described as stabbing in nature (10/10 intensity). In addition to her neck pain, the patient described having frequent headaches. After six weeks of physical therapy and undergoing a rhizotomy procedure, she showed no prolonged improvement. An epidural steroid injection provided only temporary pain relief and was followed by a successful posterior fusion using the Harms technique with iliac crest autogenous bone grafting and placement of polyaxial screws in the C1 lateral masses and C2 pedicles...
September 21, 2016: Curēus
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Veterinary Record
Daniel Stäb, Steffen Bollmann, Christian Langkammer, Kristian Bredies, Markus Barth
With the advent of ultra-high field MRI scanners in clinical research, susceptibility based MRI has recently gained increasing interest because of its potential to assess subtle tissue changes underlying neurological pathologies/disorders. Conventional, but rather slow, three-dimensional (3D) spoiled gradient-echo (GRE) sequences are typically employed to assess the susceptibility of tissue. 3D echo-planar imaging (EPI) represents a fast alternative but generally comes with echo-time restrictions, geometrical distortions and signal dropouts that can become severe at ultra-high fields...
October 20, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Niall McCrae
With a spring in his step, lecturer Jeroen Ensink left his suburban London home to post cards to his many friends around the world, announcing the arrival of his baby daughter. Seconds later his life was over. A young man had pounced, and in a state of frenzy, savagely stabbed his random victim (Daily Mail, 4 January 2016). As psychiatric patient Femi Nandap begins detention in a high-security institution, we should spare some thought for Jeroen's wife, and his only child. This article is protected by copyright...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Beigang Fu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical results of a new design titanium elastic nail (TEN) for displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between February 2012 and December 2013, a total 36 patients with displaced midshaft clavicular fractures were treated with intramedullary nailing stabilization with our new design TEN. Blood loss, mean times of operation, postoperative complications, hospital stays and time to bone union was recorded...
October 15, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Metin Ercan, Mehmet Aziret, Kerem Karaman, Birol Bostancı, Musa Akoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Diaphragmatic hernia secondary to traumatic rupture is a rare entity which can occur after stab wound injuries or blunt abdominal traumas. We aimed to report successfully management of dual mesh repair for a large diaphragmatic defect. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old male was admitted with a right sided diaphragmatic hernia which occurred ten years ago due to a traffic accident. He had abdominal pain with worsened breath. Chest X-ray showed an elevated right diaphragm...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Roger Christopher Gill, K M Inam Pal, Fatima Mannan, Amber Bawa, Saulat H Fatimi
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating oesophageal injuries are extremely rare. Their timely recognition can be difficult and optimal treatment remains controversial. Early recognition of injury is possible with the help of a high index of suspicion and early radiological and endoscopic examinations. Prompt surgical intervention with primary repair of injury, should be the goal. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We describe two cases of penetrating oesophageal trauma where T-Tube placement through the oesophageal defect, was successfully employed...
January 4, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Carl Elliott
In the spring of 2015, 11 years after a mentally ill young man named Dan Markingson stabbed himself to death in an industry-sponsored drug study, officials at the University of Minnesota suspended recruitment of subjects into drug trials in its Department of Psychiatry. University officials agreed to act only after a scathing investigation by Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor found damning evidence of coerced recruitment, inadequate clinical care, superficial research oversight, a web of serious, disturbing conflicts of interest, and a pattern of misleading public statements by university officials aimed at deflecting scrutiny...
October 18, 2016: Accountability in Research
M Asunción Barreda-Manso, Natalia Yanguas-Casás, Manuel Nieto-Sampedro, Lorenzo Romero-Ramírez
Following a central nervous system (CNS) injury, restoration of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity is essential for recovering homeostasis. When this process is delayed or impeded, blood substances and cells enter the CNS parenchyma, initiating an additional inflammatory process that extends the initial injury and causes so-called secondary neuronal loss. Astrocytes and profibrotic mesenchymal cells react to the injury and migrate to the lesion site, creating a new glia limitans that restores the BBB. This process is beneficial for the resolution of the inflammation, neuronal survival and the initiation of the healing process...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Kacie Seil, Jennifer Marcum, Ramona Lall, Catherine Stayton
BACKGROUND: The New York City emergency department (ED) syndromic surveillance (SS) system provides near real-time data on the majority of ED visits. The utility of ED SS for injury surveillance has not been thoroughly evaluated. We created injury syndromes based on ED chief complaint information and evaluated their utility compared to administrative billing data. METHODS: Six injury syndromes were developed: traffic-related injuries to pedal cyclists, pedestrians, and motor vehicle occupants; fall-related injuries; firearm-related injuries; and assault-related stabbings...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Mitsuharu Endo, Guljahan Ubulkasim, Chiho Kobayashi, Reiko Onishi, Atsu Aiba, Yasuhiro Minami
Ror2 receptor tyrosine kinase plays crucial roles in developmental morphogenesis and tissue-/organo-genesis. In the developing brain, Ror2 is expressed in neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) and involved in the regulation of their stemness. However, it remains largely unknown about its role in the adult brain. In this study, we show that Ror2 is up-regulated in reactive astrocytes in the neocortices within 3 days following stab-wound injury. Intriguingly, Ror2-expressing astrocytes were detected primarily at the area surrounding the injury site, where astrocytes express Nestin, a marker of NPCs, and proliferate in response to injury...
October 11, 2016: Glia
Simon Veldhoen, Andreas M Weng, Janine Knapp, Andreas S Kunz, Daniel Stäb, Clemens Wirth, Florian Segerer, Helge Hebestreit, Uwe Malzahn, Herbert Köstler, Thorsten A Bley
Purpose To assess the clinical feasibility of self-gated non-contrast-enhanced functional lung (SENCEFUL) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for quantitative ventilation (QV) imaging in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Materials and Methods Twenty patients with CF and 20 matched healthy volunteers underwent functional 1.5-T lung MR imaging with the SENCEFUL imaging approach, in which a two-dimensional fast low-angle shot sequence is used with quasi-random sampling. The lungs were manually segmented on the ventilation-weighted images to obtain QV measurements, which were compared between groups...
October 6, 2016: Radiology
Azusa Kageyama, Shinji Sugiura
Caterpillar hairs are thought to act as a physical barrier against natural enemies, including parasitoids. However, very few studies have experimentally demonstrated how hairs protect caterpillars from parasitoid oviposition. To clarify the importance of caterpillar hairs as an anti-parasitoid defence, we observed the generalist endoparasitoid Meteorus pulchricornis (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) attacking both smooth and hairy caterpillars under laboratory conditions. A female Meteorus pulchricornis uses its ovipositor to inject venom and lay a single egg inside host larvae...
October 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, N Clay Mann
BACKGROUND: Tourniquet use by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can be life saving for severely injured patients. The adoption of this intervention is not well described in civilian settings. This study describes patterns and trends of tourniquet use by civilian EMS and identifies predictors of such use. METHODS: A retrospective study of four consecutive releases of the U.S. National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public research dataset (2011-14) was conducted...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
M Garetier, L Deloire, F Dédouit, E Dumousset, C Saccardy, D Ben Salem
Suicide is the eighth cause of mortality in France and the leading cause in people aged between 25 and 34 years. The most common methods of suicide are hanging, self-poisoning with medicines and firearms. Postmortem computed tomography (CT) is a useful adjunct to autopsy to confirm suicide and exclude other causes of death. At autopsy, fractures of the hyoid bone or thyroid cartilage, or both, are found in more than 50% of suicidal hangings. Cervical vertebra fractures are rare and only seen in suicide victims jumping from a great height...
September 26, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Takaki Emura, Hiroshi Ohta, Noboru Oyachi, Takeyuki Suzuki
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) in boys is more complex than in girls, because the vas deferens and testicular vessels must be separated from the peritoneum. We therefore developed a needle-shaped surgical instrument that enables blunt separation. Here, we report the effectiveness of this new device. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The new device is a ligature carrier consisting of (1) an inner tube (19-G blunt needle) through which slides a rod with a loop wire at its tip that can catch and release suture materials and (2) an outer tube (17-G needle) with a cutting edge...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
M J Ramdass, P Harnarayan
INTRODUCTION Trinidad and Tobago is a trans-shipment point for the illegal trade of drugs, arms and ammunition and, as such, has a high incidence of gang-related warfare and drug-related crimes. This has led to a high incidence of gunshot and stab wounds, with associated major vascular injuries. We describe our management strategies learned from a decade of vascular trauma experience. METHODS A retrospective analysis of age, gender, type of trauma, vessel injured, procedure and outcome for all cases of vascular trauma between 2006 and 2015 at two surgical units in Trinidad and Tobago...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"