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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209041/-pulmonary-intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphomamanifesting-as-interstitial-pneumonias-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-literature
#1
T T Zhao, M S Cao, Y W Zhang, J H Dai, F Q Meng, H R Cai
Objective: To investigate the clinical, radiographic characteristics and prognosis of pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma(IVLBCL) manifesting as interstitial pneumonias on HRCT. Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data of 2 patients with pulmonary IVLBCL admitted to the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University from March 2010 to May 2012. A literature research was performed with "pulmonary intravascular lymphoma" as the key word in Wanfang Database, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database and Pubmed...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203410/relationship-between-radiologic-patterns-pulmonary-function-values-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-cells-in-newly-diagnosed-sarcoidosis
#2
Regina Aleksonienė, Ingrida Zeleckienė, Mindaugas Matačiūnas, Roma Puronaitė, Laimutė Jurgauskienė, Radvilė Malickaitė, Edita Strumilienė, Vygantas Gruslys, Rolandas Zablockis, Edvardas Danila
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify specious radiologic and/or physiologic prognostic marker(s), which lead to optimize of the patient follow-up frequency. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis. Patients underwent chest radiography, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) examination, pulmonary function tests (PFT), bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and lung biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell examination...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194083/asbestos-induced-lung-disease-in-small-scale-clutch-manufacturing-workers
#3
Dipti Gothi, Tanushree Gahlot, Ram B Sah, Mayank Saxena, U C Ojha, Anand K Verma, Sonam Spalgais
BACKGROUND: The crocidolite variety of asbestos is banned. However, chrysotile, which is not prohibited, is still used in developing countries in making products such as clutch plate. Fourteen workers from a small-scale clutch plate-manufacturing factory were analyzed for asbestos-induced lung disease as one of their colleagues had expired due to asbestosis. AIMS: This study was conducted to evaluate the awareness of workers, the prevalence and type of asbestos-induced lung disease, and the sensitivity and specificity of diffusion test...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191607/retrospective-study-of-the-clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#4
Yongfeng Zhang, Hongbin Li, Nawei Wu, Xin Dong, Yi Zheng
This study aims to explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). This is a retrospective study of 550 patients with RA. All patients underwent chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scanning. (1) Two hundred thirty-seven out of five hundred fifty (43.1%) patients with RA were diagnose with ILD. 13.5% ILD occurred before RA onset, 69.6% ILD occurred within 10 years of RA onset, and 16.9% ILD occurred more than 10 years after RA onset...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166918/the-concomitant-occurrence-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-with-bronchial-anthracofibrosis
#5
Shekhar Kunal, Ashok Shah
BACKGROUND: Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), diagnosed bronchoscopically, is a clinical entity which is now beginning to emerge from obscurity. This is commonly encountered in elderly females with history of long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke in poorly ventilated kitchens. As awareness of BAF has increased in recent times, distinct clinicoradiological and bronchoscopic features of the disease have emerged. Diagnosis is achieved by visualisation of bluish-black mucosal hyperpigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus on fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165669/non-invasive-ct-screening-for-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-in-children-with-confirmed-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-results-from-two-pediatric-centers
#6
Nurcan Soysal, Mélanie Eyries, Suzanne Verlhac, Virginie Escabasse, Natascha Remus, Aline Tamalet, Jean-Yves Rioux, Stéphanie Franchi-Abella, Manuela Vasile, Sarah Robert, Céline Delestrain, Isabelle Hau, Hubert Ducou-Le Pointe, Florent Soubrier, Marie-France Carette, Ralph Epaud
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder that is caused by mutations in mainly two genes, that is ENG, encoding endoglin (HHT1), or ACVRL1, encoding activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK-1/HHT2). HHT is characterized by recurrent epistaxis, mucocutaneous telangiectasia, and vascular visceral dysplasia responsible for visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). AIM: to report the experience of two university hospitals (Trousseau, Paris, and CHIC, Creteil) with screening children for HHT and pulmonary AVM (PAVM) using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT)...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163274/high-resolution-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-bronchial-wall-thickness-in-healthy-and-clinically-asthmatic-cats
#7
Sungjun Won, Sookyung Yun, Jeosoon Lee, Mikyung Lee, Mincheol Choi, Junghee Yoon
The objective of study is to determine the thickness of bronchial walls of clinically diagnosed asthmatic cats using high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) compared to that of healthy cats. The bronchial walls and pulmonary arteries were measured in healthy 16 cats and clinically asthmatic 4 cats. The bronchial walls and pulmonary arteries were measured under general anesthesia with positive pressure inspiration using HRCT. In healthy and asthmatic cats, bronchial lumen to the artery ratio (BA ratio), the ratio of bronchial wall thickness to bronchial diameter (TD ratio) and ratio of bronchial wall thickness to pulmonary artery (TA ratio) were measured...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149568/recommendations-for-the-management-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-south-africa-a-position-statement-of-the-south-african-thoracic-society
#8
REVIEW
Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Gillian M Ainslie, Keertan Dheda, Brian W Allwood, Michelle L Wong, Umesh G Lalloo, Mohamed S Abdool-Gaffar, Hoosain Khalfey, Elvis M Irusen
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a very specific form of a chronic, progressive fibroproliferative interstitial pneumonia of unknown aetiology. The disease is generally associated with a poor prognosis. Several international evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis and management of IPF and other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) have been published and updated in the last decade, and while the body of evidence for the use of some treatment modalities has grown, others have been shown to be futile and even harmful to patients...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149554/body-mass-index-percent-forced-vital-capacity-respiratory-hospitalization-new-staging-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-patients
#9
Tomoo Kishaba, Hiroaki Nagano, Yuichiro Nei, Shin Yamashiro
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is relentless progressive interstitial lung disease. Evaluating predictor of mortality for IPF patients is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serial trend of important indicators of prognosis and create a useful staging method for IPF patients. METHODS: We retrospectively searched medical records, pulmonary function tests (PFTs), and chest high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans from January 1, 2008 through June 30, 2015 at our hospital...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143620/airway-wall-thickness-on-hrct-scans-decreases-with-age-and-increases-with-smoking
#10
Eef D Telenga, Matthijs Oudkerk, Peter M A van Ooijen, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Nick H T Ten Hacken, Dirkje S Postma, Maarten van den Berge
BACKGROUND: To investigate if age, gender and smoking are associated with airway wall thickness (AWT) measured by high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and if higher AWT is associated with lower levels of pulmonary function in healthy current- and never-smokers with a wide age range. METHODS: HRCT scans were performed in 99 subjects (48 never- and 51 current-smokers, median age 39 years [IQR 22 - 54], 57% males). The AWT at an internal perimeter of 10 mm (AWT Pi10) was calculated as an overall measurement of AWT, based on all measurements throughout the lungs...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139318/cochlear-duct-length-one-size-fits-all
#11
J F Thong, D Low, A Tham, C Liew, T Y Tan, H W Yuen
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies demonstrated the utility of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans in measuring basal cochlear length and cochlear insertion depths. These studies showed significant variations in the anatomy of the cochlea amongst humans. The aim of our study was to investigate for gender and racial variations in the basal turn length of the human cochlea in an Asian population. METHOD: HRCT temporal bone data from year 1997 till 2012 of patients with normally developed cochleae who reported with otologic disease was obtained...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123731/bone-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-with-pulmonary-involvement-in-an-adult-non-smoker-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-the-literature
#12
Jie Shen, Shicheng Feng
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease of unknown cause, which encompasses a set of disorders of multiple organs with various clinical presentations that share the common characteristic of sizeable Langerhans cell infiltration. The clinical spectrum of LCH ranges from solitary bone lesions to involvement of other organs. lung involvement in LCH may be part of a multisystem disease, which almost exclusively occurs in adult smokers, while it is overlooked or misdiagnosed in the majority of non-smokers...
January 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117477/hard-metal-lung-disease-a-case-series
#13
Rafael Futoshi Mizutani, Mário Terra-Filho, Evelise Lima, Carolina Salim Gonçalves Freitas, Rodrigo Caruso Chate, Ronaldo Adib Kairalla, Regiani Carvalho-Oliveira, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To describe diagnostic and treatment aspects of hard metal lung disease (HMLD) and to review the current literature on the topic. Methods: This was a retrospective study based on the medical records of patients treated at the Occupational Respiratory Diseases Clinic of the Instituto do Coração, in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, between 2010 and 2013. Results: Of 320 patients treated during the study period, 5 (1.56%) were diagnosed with HMLD...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117474/the-halo-sign-hrct-findings-in-85-patients
#14
Giordano Rafael Tronco Alves, Edson Marchiori, Klaus Irion, Carlos Schuler Nin, Guilherme Watte, Alessandro Comarú Pasqualotto, Luiz Carlos Severo, Bruno Hochhegger
Objective: The halo sign consists of an area of ground-glass opacity surrounding pulmonary lesions on chest CT scans. We compared immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients in terms of halo sign features and sought to identify those of greatest diagnostic value. Methods: This was a retrospective study of CT scans performed at any of seven centers between January of 2011 and May of 2015. Patients were classified according to their immune status. Two thoracic radiologists reviewed the scans in order to determine the number of lesions, as well as their distribution, size, and contour, together with halo thickness and any other associated findings...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106480/radio-pathological-correlation-of-organising-pneumonia-op-a-pictorial-review
#15
Mohammad Zare Mehrjardi, Shahram Kahkouee, Mihan Pourabdollah
Since the description of cryptogenic organising pneumonia (COP) in 1983 by Davison et al. and the subsequent report on bronchiolitis obliterans organising pneumonia (BOOP) by Epler et al., some reports have been published regarding the imaging features of organising pneumonia (OP). In this pictorial review, we aim to describe different manifestations of OP on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) accompanied by their histopathological correlations for a better comprehension of the radiological findings pathomechanism...
January 20, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101723/role-of-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-chest-in-identifying-tubercular-etiology-in-patients-diagnosed-as-eales-disease
#16
Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Vandana Iyer, Veena Noronha, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: The high resolution computerized tomography of chest is an important diagnostic imaging tool to identify any pulmonary tubercular lesion. It's role in Eales' disease to identify any possible association with pulomonary tuberculosis has not been studied earlier. So, this study was conducted to assess the role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) chest in identifying tuberculous etiology in Eales' disease. RESULTS: It was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care eye hospital in South India between January 2009 and October 2014 were included...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100358/-study-on-the-effect-and-predictive-to-bronchiectasis-combined-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
W Ding, Y F Zhao, H W Lu, S Liang, K B Cheng, J F Xu
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of bronchiectasis(BR)coexisting in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: One hundred and forty-eight bronchiectasis patients were retrospectively analyzed. These cases were all diagnosed in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital and Shanghai Gongli Hospital of Pudong New Area during Jan. 2012 to Dec.2015.The patients consisted of 74 males and 74 females, aging from 45 to 79 [mean(65±11)] years. In these patients, coexisting rheumatoid arthritis was found in 34 males and 36 females, aging from 45 to 79[mean(68±12)] years(RA-BR group)...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096998/treatment-with-nintedanib-for-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Hiromi Tomioka, Hirohito Takada
There is currently no effective treatment for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We herein report the case of a patient with acute exacerbation of IPF which was treated with nintedanib, an intracellular inhibitor of tyrosine kinases, and showed improvement of the condition. An 84-year-old man with IPF was admitted to our hospital because of dry cough and worsening of dyspnoea within last 1 month. He presented with hypoxemia, and chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) revealed new, bilateral multifocal ground-glass opacities superimposed on the background of lung fibrosis...
March 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095804/pulmonary-manifestations-in-niemann-pick-type-c-disease-with-mutations-in-npc2-gene-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Jayesh Sheth, Jijo John Joseph, Krati Shah, Mamta Muranjan, Mehul Mistri, Frenny Sheth
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an inherited metabolic disorder; due to defect in cellular cholesterol trafficking. It is clinically a heterogeneous disease with variable age of onset with multiple organ systems being involved. NPC1 gene is involved in 95% cases where as remaining ~5% cases are linked with NPC2 gene. CASE PRESENTATION: Case-1, a 14-months-old female presented with recurrent respiratory distress, failure to thrive and hepatosplenomegaly...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079848/high-resolution-computed-tomography-to-differentiate-chronic-diffuse-infiltrative-lung-diseases-with-chronic-multifocal-consolidation-patterns-using-logical-analysis-of-data
#20
Constance De Margerie-Mellon, Geneviève Dion, Julien Darlay, Imene Ridene, Marianne Kambouchner, Nadia Brauner, Michel Brauner, Dominique Valeyre, Pierre-Yves Brillet
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung consolidation has a limited number of differential diagnoses requiring distinct managements. The aim of the study was to investigate how logical analysis of data (LAD) can support their diagnosis at HRCT (high-resolution computed tomography). METHODS: One hundred twenty-four patients were retrospectively included and classified into 8 diagnosis categories: sarcoidosis (n=35), connective tissue disease (n=21), adenocarcinoma (n=17), lymphoma (n=13), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (n=11), drug-induced lung disease (n=9), chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (n =7) and miscellaneous (n=11)...
December 23, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
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