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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235936/ego-involvement-increases-doping-likelihood
#1
Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu
Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235253/an-attempt-at-revisiting-the-factor-structure-of-the-dysexecutive-questionnaire-in-the-chinese-setting
#2
Zhuo-Ya Yang, Sai-Fei Sun, Simon S Y Lui, Hai-Song Shi, Dong-Jie Xie, Wen-Lan Xie, Ya Wang, Eric F C Cheung, David H K Shum, Raymond C K Chan
This study examined the factor structure of the Chinese version of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) in a large nonclinical sample of college students (n = 1,586). All participants completed the self-report version of the DEX. An exploratory factor analysis was first performed on a sub-sample (randomly split, n = 766) and produced a four-factor model (Volition, Intentionality, Inhibition, and Abstract Problem-Solving), which was similar to previous models reported in Western samples. In addition, a series of confirmatory factor analyses was conducted on the remaining sample (n = 820)...
December 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235241/risky-sex-behaviours-among-college-students-the-psychosocial-profile
#3
Louise Dolphin, Amanda Fitzgerald, Barbara Dooley
AIMS: Risky sex behaviours among college students are a growing public health concern. However, few studies have profiled these behaviours using a large range of psychosocial correlates. METHODS: Participants were 6874 undergraduate and postgraduate students (64.7% female, age range 17-25 years, M = 20.43 years, SD = 1.86 years) drawn from 13 higher-level institutions in Ireland. RESULTS: Regarding prevalence, 75% of the sample report that they have been, or are currently sexually active...
December 13, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#4
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234998/reduction-of-cardiopulmonary-renal-complications-with-serum-bnp-guided-volume-status-management-in-posthepatectomy-patients
#5
Sameer H Patel, Bradford J Kim, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Yun Shin Chun, Claudius Conrad, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: After hepatectomy, over- and under-resuscitations induce cardiopulmonary complications and acute kidney injury, respectively, leading to significant perioperative morbidity and mortality. Unlike serum chemistries or urine output, serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been shown to accurately reflect current intravascular fluid balance without influence from alterations of hormonal axes. Based on these data, this study was designed to measure the impact of a serum BNP-guided hepatobiliary fluid protocol on the incidence of posthepatectomy cardiopulmonary/renal complications...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234990/african-americans-african-immigrants-and-afro-caribbeans-differ-in-social-determinants-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-evidence-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Nadine Matthie, Jessica Wells, Sandra B Dunbar, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb, Lisa A Cooper, Rasheeta D Chandler
In the United States (U.S.), Blacks have higher morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) than other racial groups. The Black racial group includes African Americans (AAs), African immigrants (AIs), and Afro-Caribbeans (ACs); however, little research examines how social determinants differentially influence CVD risk factors in each ethnic subgroup. We analyzed the 2010-2014 National Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized civilians...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234664/perceptions-of-important-characteristics-of-physical-activity-facilities-implications-for-engagement-in-walking-moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity
#7
Katie M Heinrich, Christopher K Haddock, Natinee Jitnarin, Joseph Hughey, LaVerne A Berkel, Walker S C Poston
Background: Although few United States adults meet physical activity recommendations, those that do are more likely to access to physical activity facilities. Additionally, vigorous exercisers may be more likely to utilize a nearby physical activity facility, while light-to-moderate exercisers are less likely to do so. However, it is unclear what characteristics of those facilities are most important as well as how those characteristics are related to activity intensity. Purpose: This study examined relationships between self-reported leisure-time physical activities and the use of and perceived characteristics of physical activity facilities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234603/a-retrospective-study-of-clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-snakebite-related-deaths-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-midnapore-west-bengal-india
#8
Rituparna Ghosh, Koushik Mana, Kripasindhu Gantait, Sumana Sarkhel
Objective: Snakebite is one of the neglected tropical diseases that World Health Organization (WHO) aimed to eradicate. The objective of the study is to investigate the mortality and morbidity due to snakebite at Midnapore Medical College & Hospital in Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, India. Methods & materials: This is a record-based, retrospective, descriptive epidemiological study conducted from January 2012 to December 2016 at Midnapore Medical College and Hospital(MMCH), Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal...
2018: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234522/maternal-mental-health-and-child-problem-behaviours-disentangling-the-role-of-depression-and-borderline-personality-dysfunction
#9
Fay Huntley, Nicola Wright, Andrew Pickles, Helen Sharp, Jonathan Hill
Background: It is not known whether associations between child problem behaviours and maternal depression can be accounted for by comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD) dysfunction. Aim: To examine the contributions of maternal depression and BPD symptoms to child problem behaviours. Method: Depression trajectories over the first-year postpartum were generated using repeated measurement from a general population sample of 997 mothers recruited in pregnancy...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234521/mental-health-difficulties-and-suicidal-behaviours-among-young-migrants-multicentre-study-of-european-adolescents
#10
Elaine M McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Helen Keeley, Mary Cannon, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cozman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Ursa Mars Bitenc, Bogdan Nemes, Vita Poštuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Merike Sisask, Alexandra Tubiana, Peeter Värnik, Christina W Hoven, Danuta Wasserman
Background: Migration has been reported to be associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders and suicidal behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of emotional and behavioural difficulties, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among migrant adolescents and their non-migrant peers. Method: A school-based survey was completed by 11 057 European adolescents as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) study. Results: A previous suicide attempt was reported by 386 (3...
November 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233833/scoring-hypoechogenic-areas-in-one-parotid-and-one-submandibular-gland-increases-feasibility-of-ultrasound-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#11
Esther Mossel, Suzanne Arends, Jolien F van Nimwegen, Konstantina Delli, Alja J Stel, Frans G M Kroese, Fred K L Spijkervet, Arjan Vissink, Hendrika Bootsma
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether ultrasonographic scoring of (i) both parotid and submandibular salivary glands and (ii) all individual components of the Hocevar scoring system, is needed for classifying patients as primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Ultrasound examination of the major salivary glands (sUS) was performed in 204 consecutive patients clinically suspected (n=171) or diagnosed (n=33) with pSS.Parenchymal echogenicity, homogeneity, hypoechogenic areas, hyperechogenic reflections and salivary gland posterior border were scored in left and right parotid and submandibular glands...
December 12, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233674/exploring-the-relationship-between-frontal-asymmetry-and-emotional-dampening
#12
James P Loveless, Alexandra J Nicoletta, Andrea R Winters, Robert A Carels, Karl L Wuensch, Matthew C Whited, James A McCubbin, D Erik Everhart
Cardiovascular emotional dampening is the term used to describe the inverse relationship between resting blood pressure and emotional responsivity which extends from normotensive to hypertensive ranges. Little is known about its underlying physiological mechanisms, but it is thought to involve some disruption in emotion processing. One area that has yet to be explored in the literature is the relationship between emotional dampening and frontal asymmetry, a psychophysiological indicator for motivational direction and emotional valence bias...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233528/-overview-of-feelings-and-practices-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-for-the-noninvasive-prenatal-testing-in-france
#13
C Bardy-Evrard, A Mattuizzi, F Coatleven, A Nithart, G Evrard, A Benachi, I Nisand, L Sentilhes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feelings and practices of French obstetrician-gynecologists in prescribing the noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) before the release of the French High Authority of Health recommendations. METHODS: Descriptive, declarative and transversal study, analyzing the feelings and practices of obstetrician-gynecologists, members of the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF) between February and May 2017 using an online questionnaire...
December 7, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233442/preparing-students-for-residency-interviews-through-a-residency-interview-boot-camp
#14
Timothy R Ulbrich, Jaclyn A Boyle
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the offering of the residency boot camp activity at one college of pharmacy for students in their fourth professional year. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their final professional year of pharmacy school were invited to participate in a voluntary residency boot camp activity. Originally, the activity consisted of four parts: (1) guidance on preparing for residency interviews; (2) a 1:1 mock interview with a resident, faculty member, residency preceptor or area program director; (3) a review of the student's curriculum vitae (CV) and letter of intent; and (4) a review of the application timeline and process...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233430/assessment-of-soap-note-evaluation-tools-in-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy
#15
Karen R Sando, Elizabeth Skoy, Courtney Bradley, Jeanne Frenzel, Jennifer Kirwin, Elizabeth Urteaga
INTRODUCTION: To describe current methods used to assess SOAP notes in colleges and schools of pharmacy. METHODS: Members of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Laboratory Instructors Special Interest Group were invited to share assessment tools for SOAP notes. Content of submissions was evaluated to characterize overall qualities and how the tools assessed subjective, objective, assessment, and plan information. RESULTS: Thirty-nine assessment tools from 25 schools were evaluated...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233423/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-education-in-u-s-schools-and-colleges-of-pharmacy
#16
Alice Scaletta, Nishi Ghelani, Subin Sunny
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this survey is to provide an update on the state of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) education and describe instructional and assessment methods across schools and colleges of pharmacy. METHODS: One hundred thirty-five schools of pharmacy were contacted to participate in a survey describing the incorporation of CAM education into their respective curricula. The survey also inquired about perceived barriers and future plans for CAM-related courses...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233420/student-pharmacist-perceived-benefit-of-a-sequential-training-model-for-health-testing
#17
Tiffaney Threatt, Eileen Ward, Kayce Shealy, Amy Hynes, P Elizabeth Robinette
PURPOSE: This article describes the health testing training process used at Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy and evaluates perceptions of the sequential training model among students in their first, second, and third professional years. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: After observing student deficiencies in the knowledge and skills necessary for performing health tests, despite receiving didactic training within the core curriculum, faculty members searched for supplemental training programs used by other schools of pharmacy...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233416/implementing-and-sustaining-a-mentorship-program-at-a-college-of-pharmacy-the-keys-to-successful-mentorship
#18
Joshua N Raub, Anna Fiorvento, Taylor M Franckowiak, Trevor Wood, Justine S Gortney
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mentor and mentee opinions of The Keys to Successful Mentorship, a longitudinal student-led mentorship program established at a college of pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In 2008, a mentorship program was created whereby first year pharmacy students (mentees) were paired with third year pharmacy students (mentors). An anonymous survey was administered to second (P2) and fourth (P4) year pharmacy students identifying strengths and weaknesses of the program...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233411/utilization-of-external-reviews-by-colleges-of-pharmacy-during-the-promotion-and-tenure-process-for-pharmacy-practice-faculty
#19
Abigail M Yancey, Matthew Pitlick, Jamie L Woodyard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of external reviews by colleges of pharmacy (COP) during the promotion and tenure process for pharmacy practice faculty. METHODS: A 25-item web-based survey was sent to 112 Pharmacy Practice Department Chairs. Results were analyzed via descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Fifty-four of 112 colleges (48%) responded to the survey, although respondents had the option to skip questions. Of those who responded, 82% utilize external review in their Promotion and Tenure evaluation...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233403/perceptions-of-pharmacists-role-in-the-health-care-team-through-student-pharmacist-led-point-of-care-screenings-and-its-future-application-in-health-care
#20
Karen M S Bastianelli, Lucas Nelson, Laura Palombi
INTRODUCTION: The public is largely unaware of changing pharmacy roles and continues to underutilize pharmacists as mainly a dispensing service, often overlooking direct patient care components. This paper evaluates the public perceptions of pharmacists' through student led point-of-care screenings and comprehensive medication reviews. METHODS: An IRB approved longitudinal retrospective study design was used to survey participants who attended College of Pharmacy sponsored health fairs in 2013...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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