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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449492/somatic-cough-syndrome-or-psychogenic-cough-what-is-the-difference
#1
EDITORIAL
Anne E Vertigan
The term psychogenic cough has been used to describe cough without obvious medical etiology, which is refractory to medical management and considered to have a psychiatric or psychological basis. However there are limitations in the research into psychogenic cough with limited empirical data on how to define the condition or differentially diagnose it from other forms of chronic cough. The term somatic cough syndrome was introduced by the American College of Chest physicians in 2015 during their revision of the 2006 guideline on psychogenic cough...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449296/frailty-index-intensive-care-unit-complications-in-head-and-neck-oncologic-regional-and-free-flap-reconstruction
#2
Nicholas B Abt, Yanjun Xie, Sidharth V Puram, Jeremy D Richmon, Mark A Varvares
BACKGROUND: Head and neck extirpations requiring reconstruction are challenging surgeries with high postoperative complication risk. METHODS: Regional and free flap reconstructions of head and neck defects were collected from the 2006-2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. The modified frailty index was made of 15 variables, with increasing index scores indicative of frailer patients. Intensive care unit (ICU)-level complications were defined by Clavien-Dindo classification IV and analyzed with multivariable logistic regression...
April 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449286/full-dilatation-cesarean-section-a-risk-factor-for-recurrent-second-trimester-loss-and-preterm-birth
#3
Helena A Watson, Jenny Carter, Anna L David, Paul T Seed, Andrew H Shennan
INTRODUCTION: A previous cesarean section at full dilatation (FDCS) is a risk factor for preterm birth. To provide insight on the risk to subsequent pregnancies, this cohort study compares the outcomes of pregnant women with a previous preterm birth associated either with a prior FDCS or a prior term vaginal delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified women attending two inner-city preterm surveillance clinics (Guy's and St Thomas Hospital and University College London Hospital, London, UK) who had a spontaneous late miscarriage (14(+0) -23(+6) weeks) or sPTB (<37weeks) following a term pregnancy, and then a further pregnancy for analysis...
April 27, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448781/assessment-of-clinical-pharmacy-interventions-to-reduce-outpatient-use-of-high-risk-medications-in-the-elderly
#4
Sarah C Weddle, A Shaun Rowe, Julie W Jeter, Rachel C Renwick, Shaunta' M Chamberlin, Andrea S Franks
BACKGROUND: Use of high-risk medications in the elderly (HRME) and drug-disease (Rx-DIS) interactions in the elderly, as defined by the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Measures, are significantly associated with mortality, hospital admission, and need for emergency care. No published studies to date evaluate interventions to reduce the use of HEDIS-defined HRME, although many studies have postulated a beneficial effect of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pharmacist interventions on use of HRME and Rx-DIS interactions in the outpatient elderly population...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448780/integration-strategies-of-pharmacists-in-primary-care-based-accountable-care-organizations-a-report-from-the-accountable-care-organization-research-network-services-and-education
#5
Tina Joseph, Genevieve M Hale, Sara M Eltaki, Yesenia Prados, Renee Jones, Matthew J Seamon, Cynthia Moreau, Stephanie A Gernant
BACKGROUND: The accountable care organization (ACO) is an innovative health care delivery model centered on value-based care. ACOs consisting of primary care providers are increasingly becoming commonplace in practice; however, medication management remains suboptimal. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: As experts in medication management, pharmacists perform direct patient care and assist in the transition from one provider to another, which places them in an ideal position to manage multiple aspects of patient care...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448774/letter-the-authors-respond
#6
Kibum Kim, Robert J DiDomenico, Daniel R Touchette, Surrey M Walton
None of the authors of this study are involved in financial or personal relationships with agencies, institutions, or organizations that inappropriately influenced the statistical analysis plan or interpretation of the study results. DiDomenico received an honorarium from Amgen for the preparation of a heart failure drug monograph for Pharmacy Practice News and was a coinvestigator on funded research for the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute. DiDomenico also serves as an advisory board member for a heart failure program at Otsuka America Pharmaceuticals and as an advisory board member at Novartis Pharmaceuticals...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448698/characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-suicide-and-deaths-among-college-students-a-23-year-serial-prevalence-study-of-data-from-8-2-million-japanese-college-students
#7
Chiyoko Uchida, Mai Uchida
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death for college students. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of suicide among college students that could improve university services to help prevent college suicide. METHODS: We conducted a 23-year serial prevalence study of the prevalence and characteristics of death and suicide among 8,262,314 Japanese college students. We analyzed rates of suicide from the 1989 to 1990 academic year through the 2011-2012 academic year and characterized suicide among this population, focusing on students' sex and psychiatric and academic backgrounds to identify risk factors for suicide...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448531/application-of-the-transtheoretical-model-to-sedentary-behaviors-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-status
#8
Ho Han, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Harold Willis Kohl
BACKGROUND: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a successful framework for guiding behavior change programs for several health behaviors, yet its application to reduce of sedentary behavior has been neglected. In addition, no data exist regarding the association between determinants of sedentary behaviors based on the TTM and physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' stages of motivational readiness to avoid sedentary behaviors and relevant psychological determinants using newly developed TTM questionnaires and to identify the association between current physical activity and sedentary behaviors based on TTM constructs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#9
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448455/snacking-quality-is-associated-with-secondary-school-academic-achievement-and-the-intention-to-enroll-in-higher-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-adolescents-from-santiago-chile
#10
Paulina Correa-Burrows, Yanina Rodríguez, Estela Blanco, Sheila Gahagan, Raquel Burrows
Although numerous studies have approached the effects of exposure to a Western diet (WD) on academic outcomes, very few have focused on foods consumed during snack times. We explored whether there is a link between nutritious snacking habits and academic achievement in high school (HS) students from Santiago, Chile. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 678 adolescents. The nutritional quality of snacks consumed by 16-year-old was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. The academic outcomes measured were HS grade point average (GPA), the likelihood of HS completion, and the likelihood of taking college entrance exams...
April 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448326/design-of-an-online-medication-safety-module-for-clinicians
#11
Hanan Khalil, Kirsten Schliephake
BACKGROUND: In Australia, there are very few online courses addressing medication safety issues. Educating clinicians about medication safety is paramount given the increased responsibility of clinicians in advanced practice roles including nurses at several key points throughout the medication process that encompass prescribing, dispensing, administering and monitoring medications. METHOD: The model used for the course design is based on adult teaching principles...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447902/reporting-results-of-molecular-tests-a-retrospective-examination-of-braf-mutation-reporting
#12
Amanda L Treece, Margaret L Gulley, Patricia Vasalos, Cherie Paquette, Neal I Lindeman, Lawrence J Jennings, Angela N Bartley
CONTEXT: - With enormous growth in the field of molecular pathology, the reporting of results gleaned from this testing is essential to guide patient care. OBJECTIVE: - To examine molecular reports from laboratories participating in proficiency testing for required elements to convey molecular laboratory test results to clinicians and patients. DESIGN: - Molecular laboratories participating in the College of American Pathologists (CAP) proficiency testing program for BRAF mutation analysis were solicited to submit examples of final reports from 2 separate proficiency testing reporting cycles...
May 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447899/the-american-college-of-surgeons-minimum-standards-for-hospitals-and-the-provision-of-high-quality-laboratory-services
#13
James R Wright
CONTEXT: - The first major project of the American College of Surgeons (Chicago, Illinois), founded in 1913, was implementing Minimum Standards for Hospitals. The 1918 standard (1) established medical staff organizations in hospitals; (2) restricted membership to licensed practitioners in good standing; (3) mandated that the medical staff work with hospital administration to develop and adopt regulations and policies governing their professional work; (4) required standardized, accessible medical records; and (5) required availability of diagnostic and therapeutic facilities...
May 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447894/strategic-resource-use-for-learning-a-self-administered-intervention-that-guides-self-reflection-on-effective-resource-use-enhances-academic-performance
#14
Patricia Chen, Omar Chavez, Desmond C Ong, Brenda Gunderson
Many educational policies provide learners with more resources (e.g., new learning activities, study materials, or technologies), but less often do they address whether students are using these resources effectively. We hypothesized that making students more self-reflective about how they should approach their learning with the resources available to them would improve their class performance. We designed a novel Strategic Resource Use intervention that students could self-administer online and tested its effects in two cohorts of a college-level introductory statistics class...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447405/high-mortality-from-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-bangladesh
#15
Tanveen Ishaque, Mohammad B Islam, Gulshan Ara, Hubert P Endtz, Quazi D Mohammad, Bart C Jacobs, Zhahirul Islam
Although Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has higher incidence and poor outcome in Bangladesh, mortality from GBS in Bangladesh has never been explored before. We sought to explore the frequency, timing and risk factors for deaths from GBS in Bangladesh. We conducted a prospective study on 407 GBS patients who were admitted to Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2010 to 2013. We compared deceased and alive patients to identify risk factors. Cox regression model was used to adjust for confounders...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#16
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446961/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-when-sleepwalking-review-and-reconceptualisation
#17
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Andrea Bari
SUMMARY: Violence towards others during sleepwalking is relatively uncommon, but can result in serious injury or even death. Much of the research in this field has focused on the forensic consequences of violence during sleepwalking without sufficient attention to an understanding of the risk factors for violence during sleepwalking and the development of prevention and interventions based on these risk factors. This paper reviews the characteristics of impulsive violence in general and reconceptualises violence during sleepwalking as an extension of this prior vulnerability...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446960/primary-care-screening-questionnaire-for-depression-reliability-and-validity-of-a-new-four-item-tool
#18
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Ramdas Pisharody, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, Damodaran Raju, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, K R Leela Itty Amma, A Sheelamoni, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: Unidentified depression in primary care is a public health concern, globally. There is a need for brief, valid and easily administered tools in primary care. AIMS: To estimate reliability and validity of the newly developed Primary care Screening Questionnaire for Depression (PSQ4D), a four-item tool, with 'yes' or 'no' options. METHOD: PSQ4D was administered verbally (time required, <1 min) by primary care physicians to adult outpatients (n=827) in six primary care settings in Kerala, India...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446959/gestational-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Darryl W Eyles, Thomas H J Burne, Laura M E Blanken, Claudia J Kruithof, Frank Verhulst, Tonya White, Vincent W Jaddoe, Henning Tiemeier, John J McGrath
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in linking vitamin D deficiency with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The association between vitamin D deficiency during gestation, a critical period in neurodevelopment, and ASD is not well understood. AIMS: To determine the association between gestational vitamin D status and ASD. METHOD: Based on a birth cohort (n=4334), we examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), assessed from both maternal mid-gestation sera and neonatal sera, and ASD (defined by clinical records; n=68 cases)...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446848/seroepidemiology-study-of-cytomegalovirus-and-rubella-among-pregnant-women-at-st-paul-s-hospital-millennium-medical-college-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#20
Mamuye Yeshwondm, Nigatu Balkachew, Bekele Delayehu, Getahun Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) and rubella infections have adverse neonatal outcomes. Both CMV and rubella are more widespread in developing countries and in communities with lower socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to investigate sero-prevalence of CMV and rubella infection and associated possible risk factors. METHOD: Using cross sectional study design a total of 200 pregnant women were consecutively recruited starting from June and July 2014...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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