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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214790/sensitising-intern-doctors-to-ethical-issues-in-a-doctor-patient-relationship
#1
Nilima D Shah, Ritambhara Y Mehta, Kamlesh R Dave
There is a felt need in India to influence the ethical behaviour of doctors by giving students formal education in ethics in medical colleges. Since internship is the interface between learning and independent practice, it is important to sensitise intern doctors to ethical issues in a doctor-patient relationship at this stage.
February 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214643/family-history-of-suicide-and-high-motor-impulsivity-distinguish-suicide-attempters-from-suicide-ideators-among-college-students
#2
Yong-Guang Wang, Shen Chen, Zhi-Ming Xu, Zhi-Hua Shen, Yi-Quan Wang, Xiao-Yan He, Ri-Fang Cao, David L Roberts, Jian-Fei Shi, Yi-Qiang Wang
Suicide in college students has become an important public health issue in China. The aim of this study was to identify the differences between suicide attempters and suicide ideators based on a cross-sectional survey. Our results indicate that although female gender, positive screening for psychiatric illness, positive family history of suicide, elevated overall impulsivity, and elevated motor impulsivity were correlated with suicidal ideation, only positive family history of suicide and high motor impulsivity could differentiate suicide attempters from suicidal ideators...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214596/early-non-response-to-certolizumab-pegol-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-predicts-treatment-failure-at-one-year-data-from-a-randomised-phase-iii-clinical-trial
#3
Francis Berenbaum, Thao Pham, Pascal Claudepierre, Thibault de Chalus, Jean-Michel Joubert, Carine Saadoun, Lionel Riou França, Bruno Fautrel
OBJECTIVES: To compare different early clinical criteria of non-response determined at three months as predictors of clinical failure at one year in patients with rheumatoid arthritis starting therapy with certolizumab pegol. METHODS: Data were derived from a randomised Phase III clinical trial in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who failed to respond to methotrexate monotherapy. Patients included in this post-hoc analysis were treated with certolizumab pegol (400mg qd reduced to 200mg qd after one month) and with methotrexate...
February 15, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214482/catheter-directed-ultrasound-assisted-thrombolysis-is-a-safe-and-effective-treatment-for-pulmonary-embolism-even-in-high-risk-patients
#4
Kristen A Lee, Andrew Cha, Mark H Kumar, Combiz Rezayat, Clifford M Sales
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the early success and safety of catheter-directed, ultrasound-assisted (CDUA) thrombolysis for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients deemed to be "high risk" for thrombolytic therapy. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of patients who underwent CDUA pulmonary thrombolysis in our practice during 39 months is reported. There were 91 patients considered, all of whom presented with acute PE as diagnosed by computed tomography angiography...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214452/calorie-counting-and-fitness-tracking-technology-associations-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#5
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The use of online calorie tracking applications and activity monitors is increasing exponentially. Anecdotal reports document the potential for these trackers to trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptomatology. Yet, research has not examined the relation between use of these devices and eating disorder-related attitudes and behaviors. This study explored associations between the use of calorie counting and fitness tracking devices and eating disorder symptomatology. Participants (N=493) were college students who reported their use of tracking technology and completed measures of eating disorder symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214280/current-guidelines-do-not-sufficiently-discriminate-venous-thromboembolism-risk-in-urology
#6
Kristen McAlpine, Rodney H Breau, Ranjeeta Mallick, Sonya Cnossen, Ilias Cagiannos, Christopher Morash, Marc Carrier, Luke T Lavallée
PURPOSE: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the leading cause of noncancer death following major cancer surgery. Current thromboprophylaxis guidelines do not address procedure-specific risk of venous thromboembolism for urological patients. This project was created to determine the risk and timing of VTE after major urological surgery and to evaluate if surgical procedure was an independent risk factor for VTE after adjusting for previously established risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeons׳ National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was used to create a cohort of patients who received major abdominal or pelvic urologic surgery between 2006 and 2014...
February 14, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#7
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213862/apremilast-a-review-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#8
Gillian M Keating
Apremilast (Otezla(®)) is an orally administered, small molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4). Apremilast 30 mg twice daily reduced the severity of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in the phase 3 ESTEEM trials, as well as improving difficult-to-treat nail, scalp and palmoplantar psoriasis. Most patient-reported outcomes, including pruritus and the total Dermatology Life Quality Index, also improved to a significantly greater extent with apremilast than with placebo, with significant improvements in pruritus and skin discomfort/pain visual analogue scale scores seen as early as week 2 with apremilast...
February 18, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213691/barriers-to-healthcare-among-african-immigrants-in-georgia-usa
#9
Oluwatoyosi A Adekeye, Bola F Adesuyi, Joseph G Takon
African-born immigrants are among the fastest growing immigrant groups in the US, yet they are underrepresented in healthcare research, particularly, cancer research and tend to be categorized as African American or Black, obscuring any cultural nuances that exist. A survey designed to provide insight on the barriers to healthcare, knowledge of common cancers, and cancer risks was utilized during a health fair. Data analyses included descriptive statistics to examine participant demographics and other study variables of interest...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213581/a-program-aimed-toward-inclusive-excellence-for-underrepresented-undergraduate-women-in-the-sciences
#10
Laura A Katz, Kathryn M Aloisio, Nicholas J Horton, Minh Ly, Sara Pruss, Kate Queeney, Cate Rowen, Patricia Marten DiBartolo
Created to foster inclusive excellence, Smith College's Achieving Excellence in Mathematics, Engineering, and Science (AEMES) Scholars program provides early faculty-mentored research opportunities and other programming as a way to foster success in academic outcomes for underrepresented women in science. Using academic record data, we compared Scholars' outcomes over time with those of underrepresented students before program launch and to relevant peer comparison groups. Since its launch, AEMES Scholars have achieved significantly higher gateway life sciences course grade point averages (GPAs), rates of persistence in life and natural sciences, and participation in natural sciences advanced research relative to baseline...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213566/a-randomised-phase-iib-study-of-mavrilimumab-a-novel-gm-csf-receptor-alpha-monoclonal-antibody-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#11
Gerd R Burmester, Iain B McInnes, Joel Kremer, Pedro Miranda, Mariusz Korkosz, Jiri Vencovsky, Andrea Rubbert-Roth, Eduardo Mysler, Matthew A Sleeman, Alex Godwood, Dominic Sinibaldi, Xiang Guo, Wendy I White, Bing Wang, Chi-Yuan Wu, Patricia C Ryan, David Close, Michael E Weinblatt
OBJECTIVES: Despite the therapeutic value of current rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatments, agents with alternative modes of action are required. Mavrilimumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor-α, was evaluated in patients with moderate-to-severe RA. METHODS: In a phase IIb study (NCT01706926), patients with inadequate response to ≥1 synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug(s), Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28)-C reactive protein (CRP)/erythrocyte sedimentation rate ≥3...
February 17, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213431/from-herpetology-to-virology-how-did-that-happen
#12
Camilla Benfield
Camilla Benfield is a lecturer in virology at the Royal Veterinary College. Here, she describes her career path so far.
February 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213383/development-of-a-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-rubric-for-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-in-ambulatory-care-rotations
#13
Sara J Linedecker, Jamie Barner, Jennifer Ridings-Myhra, Aida Garza, Debra Lopez, William McIntyre
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pilot program requiring direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) assessments of fourth-year pharmacy students during ambulatory care rotations are described. METHODS: All fourth-year pharmacy students at the University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy who engaged in a required advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in ambulatory care during the period January-May 2015 participated in a DOPS pilot program...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211978/american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-updates-secondary-findings-guidelines-revision-adds-new-genes-to-testing-list-outlines-standardized-process-for-including-variants-on-list
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211876/the-royal-college-of-ophthalmologists-glaucoma-commissioning-guidance-executive-summary
#15
A P Khawaja, M-A Sherratt, J M Sparrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211155/utah-obstetricians-opinions-of-planned-home-birth-and-conflicting-nice-acog-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#16
Emily Rainey, Sara Simonsen, Joseph Stanford, Kimberley Shoaf, Jami Baayd
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently published recommendations that support planned home birth for low-risk women. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) remains wary of planned home birth, asserting that hospitals and birthing centers are the safest birth settings. Our objective was to examine opinions of obstetricians in Salt Lake City, Utah about home birth in the context of rising home birth rates and conflicting guidelines...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210990/indices-from-lagged-poincare-plots-of-heart-rate-variability-an-efficient-nonlinear-tool-for-emotion-discrimination
#17
Ateke Goshvarpour, Ataollah Abbasi, Atefeh Goshvarpour
Interest in human emotion recognition, regarding physiological signals, has recently risen. In this study, an efficient emotion recognition system, based on geometrical analysis of autonomic nervous system signals, is presented. The electrocardiogram recordings of 47 college students were obtained during rest condition and affective visual stimuli. Pictures with four emotional contents, including happiness, peacefulness, sadness, and fear were selected. Then, ten lags of Poincare plot were constructed for heart rate variability (HRV) segments...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210919/prevalence-of-past-year-sexual-assault-victimization-among-undergraduate-students-exploring-differences-by-and-intersections-of-gender-identity-sexual-identity-and-race-ethnicity
#18
Robert W S Coulter, Christina Mair, Elizabeth Miller, John R Blosnich, Derrick D Matthews, Heather L McCauley
A critical step in developing sexual assault prevention and treatment is identifying groups at high risk for sexual assault. We explored the independent and interaction effects of sexual identity, gender identity, and race/ethnicity on past-year sexual assault among college students. From 2011 to 2013, 71,421 undergraduate students from 120 US post-secondary education institutions completed cross-sectional surveys. We fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine differences in past-year sexual assault...
February 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210882/prostate-cancer-screening-decision-making-in-three-states-2013-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-analysis
#19
Jun Li, Ingrid J Hall, Guixiang Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Given the discordant prostate cancer screening recommendations in the United States, shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important. The objectives of this study were to determine who made the final decision to obtain prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening and identify factors associated with the screening decision made by both patients and their health care providers. METHODS: Using the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from Delaware, Hawaii, and Massachusetts, we calculated weighted percentages of SDM...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210531/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-updates-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-advances-in-laboratory-testing-to-aid-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
Louis Lteif
Clostridium difficile remains a major source of nosocomial infections and associated diarrhea. More recently, community-acquired cases are on the rise creating a concern for a serious public health threat. Appropriate infection control precautions as well as prevention and optimal management may help to avoid detrimental outbreaks. A key step is utilizing laboratory testing for quick and accurate diagnosis of potential cases. This overview article describes Clostridium difficile infection control and prevention methods and updates the most recent management strategies including a focus on the utilization and interpretation of laboratory diagnostic testing and appropriate treatment...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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