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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346948/putting-patients-first-by-reducing-administrative-tasks-in-health-care-a-position-paper-of-the-american-college-of-physicians
#1
Shari M Erickson, Brooke Rockwern, Michelle Koltov, Robert McLean
This American College of Physicians (ACP) position paper, initiated and written by ACP's Medical Practice and Quality Committee and approved by the Board of Regents on 21 January 2017, reports policy recommendations to address the issue of administrative tasks to mitigate or eliminate their adverse effects on physicians, their patients, and the health care system as a whole. The paper outlines a cohesive framework for analyzing administrative tasks through several lenses to better understand any given task that a clinician and his or her staff may be required to perform...
March 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346947/health-and-public-policy-to-facilitate-effective-prevention-and-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders-involving-illicit-and-prescription-drugs-an-american-college-of-physicians-position-paper
#2
Ryan Crowley, Neil Kirschner, Andrew S Dunn, Sue S Bornstein
Substance use disorders involving illicit and prescription drugs are a serious public health issue. In the United States, millions of individuals need treatment for substance use disorders but few receive it. The rising number of drug overdose deaths and the changing legal status of marijuana pose new challenges. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians maintains that substance use disorder is a treatable chronic medical condition and offers recommendations on expanding treatment options, the legal status of marijuana, addressing the opioid epidemic, insurance coverage of substance use disorders treatment, education and workforce, and public health interventions...
March 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346603/residency-program-directors-interview-methods-and-satisfaction-with-resident-selection-across-multiple-specialties
#3
Tonya VanOrder, Wayne Robbins, Eric Zemper
CONTEXT: Competition for postdoctoral training positions is at an all-time high, and residency program directors continue to have little direction when it comes to structuring an effective interview process. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether a relationship existed between interview methods used and program director satisfaction with resident selection decisions and whether programs that used methods designed to assess candidate personal characteristics were more satisfied with their decisions...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346601/single-accreditation-system-update-gaining-momentum
#4
Boyd R Buser, James Swartwout, Terri Lischka, Maura Biszewski, Kathy DeVine
In July 2014, the American Osteopathic Association House of Delegates endorsed the establishment of a new, single graduate medical education accreditation system in collaboration with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. Since that time, the osteopathic medical community has made substantial headway in the transition to the new system. This article provides an update on the transition.
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346275/committee-opinion-no-704-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#5
(no author information available yet)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with anogenital cancer (including cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal), oropharyngeal cancer, and genital warts. The HPV vaccination significantly reduces the incidence of anogenital cancer and genital warts. Despite the benefits of HPV vaccines, only 41.9% of girls in the recommended age group, and only 28.1% of males in the recommended age group have received all recommended doses. Compared with many other countries, HPV vaccination rates in the United States are unacceptably low...
March 24, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346128/ethnicity-recording-in-primary-care-computerised-medical-record-systems-an-ontological-approach
#6
Zayd Tippu, Ana Correa, Harshana Liyanage, David Burleigh, Andrew McGovern, Jeremy Van Vlymen, Simon Jones, Simon De Lusignan
BACKGROUND: Ethnicity recording within primary care computerised medical record (CMR) systems is suboptimal, exacerbated by tangled taxonomies within current coding systems.Objective To develop a method for extending ethnicity identification using routinely collected data. METHODS: We used an ontological method to maximise the reliability and prevalence of ethnicity information in the Royal College of General Practitioner's Research and Surveillance database. Clinical codes were either directly mapped to ethnicity group or utilised as proxy markers (such as language spoken) from which ethnicity could be inferred...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346075/hope-and-hopelessness-as-predictors-of-suicide-ideation-in-hungarian-college-students
#7
Edward C Chang
This study investigated whether hopelessness and dispositional hope predict suicide ideation in 395 Hungarian college students. Both hopelessness and hope uniquely predicted suicide ideation, a pattern that remained unchanged even after controlling for psychological symptoms. Moreover, a significant Hopelessness × Hope interaction predicted suicide ideation. Present findings highlight how hope buffers the association between hopelessness and suicide risk in college students.
February 26, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345991/correlation-between-serum-homocysteine-concentration-and-severity-of-mitral-valve-disease-in-dogs
#8
Chang-Min Lee, Da-Min Jeong, Min-Hee Kang, Seung-Gon Kim, Jae-Ik Han, Hee-Myung Park
OBJECTIVE To measure serum homocysteine concentrations in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and identify any association between this variable and stage of MMVD. ANIMALS 53 client-owned dogs with MMVD and 10 healthy control Beagles. PROCEDURES Dogs with MMVD were allocated to 3 groups in accordance with the staging system for chronic valvular heart disease in dogs and cats of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Blood samples were collected from all dogs, and serum homocysteine and cardiac troponin 1 concentrations were measured by enzyme immunoassay and chemiluminescence immunoassay, respectively...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345840/correlation-between-epstein-barr-virus-infection-and-disease-activity-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ahmad Piroozmand, Hamed Haddad Kashani, Batool Zamani
Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease for whose pathogenesis viral infections are important. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the main infectious etiological agent. This study aimed to quantitative evaluation of EBV in SLE patients. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 40 patients with SLE diagnosed based on American College of Rheumatology criteria were selected using purposive sampling. All were included in the study after obtaining informed consent for participation...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#10
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345443/economic-burden-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea-retrospective-analysis-of-a-u-s-commercially-insured-population
#11
Jessica L Buono, Kush Mathur, Amelia J Averitt, David A Andrae
BACKGROUND: The economic burden associated with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To (a) evaluate total annual all-cause, gastrointestinal (GI)-related, and symptom-related (i.e., IBS, diarrhea, abdominal pain) health care resource use and costs among IBS-D patients in a U.S. commercially insured population and (b) estimate incremental all-cause health care costs of IBS-D patients versus matched controls. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 years with 12 months of continuous medical and pharmacy benefit eligibility in 2013 were identified from the Truven Health MarketScan research database...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345217/fatigue-and-training-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-trainees-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#12
Paige E Tucker, Paul A Cohen, Max K Bulsara, Jade Acton
BACKGROUND: Several studies have linked doctor fatigue with adverse patient events and an increase in risk to doctors' personal safety and wellbeing. The present study assesses the rostering structure of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) trainees and its association with trainees' reported fatigue levels, training opportunities and wellbeing, which were secondary outcomes of a larger study of trainee working hours which has been separately reported...
March 26, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344952/peer-reviewed-abstracts-of-scientific-paper-presentation-at-the-56th-annual-conference-of-the-west-african-college-of-the-surgeons-at-yaounde-cameroun-15th-19th-february-2016-contd
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344945/an-evaluation-of-the-possible-relationship-between-chronic-periodontitis-and-hypertension
#14
M O Arowojolu, O Oladapo, O I Opeodu, S O Nwhator
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have been reported to have a form of reciprocal relationship with the general systemic health, in which case those with some systemic diseases such as hypertension have poorer periodontal health and vice versa. The issue of causal or casual relationship is however yet to be finally resolved. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine any possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional assessment of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference and the carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT) was done among 100 consecutive subjects in the echocardiogram unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria over a period of six months...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344804/multicomponent-meningococcal-b-vaccination-4cmenb-of-adolescents-and-college-students-in-the-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Angelika Banzhoff
Meningococcal disease is rare, easily misdiagnosed, and potentially deadly. Diagnosis in the early stages is difficult and the disease often progresses extremely rapidly. In North America, the incidence of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is highest in infants and young children, with a secondary peak in adolescents, a population predominantly responsible for the carriage of disease. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MenB) accounts for a large proportion of meningococcal disease in North America, with documented outbreaks in three universities in the United States (US) during 2008-2013...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344764/atypical-antipsychotics-recent-research-findings-and-applications-to-clinical-practice-proceedings-of-a-symposium-presented-at-the-29th-annual-european-college-of-neuropsychopharmacology-congress-19-september-2016-vienna-austria
#16
REVIEW
Robin Murray, Christoph U Correll, Gavin P Reynolds, David Taylor
Available evidence suggests that second-generation atypical antipsychotics are broadly similar to first-generation agents in terms of their efficacy, but may have a more favourable tolerability profile, primarily by being less likely to cause extrapyramidal symptoms. However, atypical antipsychotics are variably associated with disturbances in the cardiometabolic arena, including increased body weight and the development of metabolic syndrome, which may reflect differences in their receptor binding profiles...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344739/effect-of-caffeine-on-near-maximal-blood-pressure-and-blood-pressure-recovery-in-physically-active-college-aged-females
#17
Laura E Connahan, Christopher A Ott, Vaughn W Barry
The purpose of this study is to determine how caffeine affects exercise blood pressure (BP) and active and passive recovery BP after vigorous intensity exercise in physically active college-aged females. Fifteen physically active, ACSM stratified low-risk females (age (y): 23.53 ± 4.07, weight (kg): 60.34 ± 3.67, height (cm): 165.14 ± 7.20, BMI (kg/m(2)): 22.18 ± 1.55) participated in two Bruce protocol exercise tests. Before each test participants consumed 1) a placebo or 2) 3.3 mg·kg(-1) of caffeine at least one hour before exercise in a counterbalanced double-blinded fashion...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344715/the-emotional-intelligence-of-pediatric-residents-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#18
Scott A McLeod, Lyn K Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is a type of social intelligence. Excellent scores are achieved by displaying high levels of empathy in interpersonal relationships, strong skills in managing stressful situations as well as other personal competencies. Many of the social competencies that EI describes may have a direct impact on patient care. The objective of this study was to describe EI of pediatric residents and to identify if there are EI skills that should be selected for targeted intervention...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344705/the-influence-of-globalization-on-medical-regulation-a-descriptive-analysis-of-international-medical-graduates-registered-through-alternative-licensure-routes-in-ontario
#19
Wendy Yen, Kathryn Hodwitz, Niels Thakkar, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Dan Faulkner
The increasing globalization of the medical profession has influenced health policy, health human resource planning, and medical regulation in Canada. Since the early 2000s, numerous policy initiatives have been created to facilitate the entry of international medical graduates (IMGs) into the Canadian workforce. In Ontario, the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (CPSO) developed alternative licensure routes to increase the ability of qualified IMGs to obtain licenses to practice. The current study provides demographic and descriptive information about the IMGs registered through the CPSO's alternative licensure routes between 2000 and 2012...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#20
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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