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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458092/ramifications-of-the-children-s-surgery-verification-program-for-patients-and-hospitals
#1
Katherine J Baxter, Bonnie F Gale, Curtis D Travers, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons in 2015 instituted the Children's Surgery Verification (CSV) program delineating requirements for hospitals providing pediatric surgical care. Our purpose was to examine possible effects of the CSV program by evaluating neonates undergoing high-risk operations. STUDY DESIGN: Using the Kid's Inpatient Database 2009, we identified infants undergoing surgery for five high risk neonatal conditions. We considered all children's hospitals and children's units Level I centers and considered all others Level II/III...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457752/accuracy-and-bias-in-perception-of-distress-level-and-distress-change-among-same-sex-college-student-roommate-dyads
#2
Qi Xu, Patrick E Shrout
University students often experience high levels of stress and, in some cases, the stress leads to tragic outcomes. An important question is whether roommates can perceive the level and change in distress in their peers. We examined self- and other-reports of 187 same-sex undergraduate dyads at two times in a spring semester. Using the truth and bias model, we found that roommates tended to underestimate their partner's distress at both time points, and that ratings were equally influenced by truth and self-focus bias forces...
February 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457229/radiomics-analysis-of-pulmonary-nodules-in-low-dose-ct-for-early-detection-of-lung-cancer
#3
Wookjin Choi, Jung Hun Oh, Sadegh Riyahi, Chia-Ju Liu, Feng Jiang, Wengen Chen, Charles White, Andreas Rimner, James G Mechalakos, Joseph O Deasy, Wei Lu
PURPOSE: To develop a radiomics prediction model to improve pulmonary nodule (PN) classification in low-dose CT. To compare the model with the American College of Radiology (ACR) Lung CT Screening Reporting and Data System (Lung-RADS) for early detection of lung cancer. METHODS: We examined a set of 72 PNs (31 benign and 41 malignant) from the Lung Image Database Consortium image collection (LIDC-IDRI). 103 CT radiomic features were extracted from each PN. Before the model building process, distinctive features were identified using a hierarchical clustering method...
February 19, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456948/is-routine-use-of-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-of-temporal-bone-in-patients-of-atticoantral-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-without-intracranial-complications-justified
#4
Meeta Bathla, Hiren Doshi, Atul Kansara
Role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) of temporal bone is established in cases of atticoantral chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) with intracranial complications. Routine use of HRCT in management of patients of atticoantral CSOM without intracranial complications has been an issue of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the routine use of HRCT of temporal bone in such cases. This study was a prospective study done at LG hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad to evaluate and compare the temporal bone findings in HRCT and intraoperative findings in 100 patients with atticoantral CSOM...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#5
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456937/to-evaluate-and-compare-the-result-of-ossiculoplasty-using-different-types-of-graft-materials-and-prosthesis-in-cases-of-ossicular-discontinuity-in-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-cases
#6
Suresh Kumar, Kanak Yadav, Tarun Ojha, Abhishek Sharma, Amit Singhal, Saurabh Gakhar
Chronic suppurative otitis media, with and without cholesteatoma, frequently results in disruption of the ossicular chain. The present study was designed to compare the outcome using autologous ossicle and titanium prosthesis in two groups of suitable patients presenting with chronic suppurative otitis media for middle ear reconstructive surgeries. A prospective study done from July 2012 to December 2013, at Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Sitapura, Jaipur (Rajasthan). The target group included patients with chronic suppurative otitis media admitted and planned for reconstructive middle ear surgery...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456915/short-term-complications-of-anterior-fixation-of-odontoid-fractures
#7
Holt S Cutler, Javier Z Guzman, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Jun S Kim, John I Shin, Dante M Leven, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective study. Objective: Anterior fixation of odontoid fracture has been associated with high morbidity and mortality in small, single institution series. Identifying risk factors may improve risk stratification and highlight factors that could be optimized preoperatively. The objective of this study was to determine the 30-day complication rate following anterior fixation of odontoid fractures and to identify associated risk factors among patients in a large national database...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456577/is-ultrasound-screening-for-vasa-praevia-clinically-justified-and-a-financially-viable-screening-test-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Gillian Coleman, Heather Venables
Vasa praevia is an obstetric complication currently not screened for within the United Kingdom, which if undetected prenatally can lead to fetal death when the membranes rupture. Internationally, guidelines are available providing guidance on the best screening policy and management pathways. However, the UK National Screening Committee and Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists do not support screening due to a lack of evidence. Recent studies explore the ability of ultrasound to detect vasa praevia prenatally in both the general and high-risk populations...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456445/concurrent-validation-of-a-pressure-pain-threshold-scale-for-individuals-with-myofascial-pain-syndrome-and-fibromyalgia
#9
Scott W Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, G Monique Mokha, William J Hanney
Background: Manual pressure palpation is an examination technique used in the classification of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and fibromyalgia (FM). Currently, there are no validated systems for classifying results. A valid and reliable pressure pain threshold scale (PPTS) may provide a means for clinicians to grade, document, and report findings. The purpose of this investigation was to validate a PPTS in individuals diagnosed with MPS and FM. Intra-rater reliability, concurrent validity, minimum cut-off value, and patient responses were evaluated...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456390/evaluation-of-clinical-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-profile-of-pituitary-macroadenoma-a-prospective-study
#10
Kamini Gupta, Shivam Sahni, Kavita Saggar, Gaurav Vashisht
Background: Pituitary macroadenoma is a common tumor of middle-aged people. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the investigation of choice for its evaluation. Various parameters regarding the extent, consistency, and contrast uptake can be studied and a noninvasive diagnosis is possible. Aims and Objectives: To study the MRI features and extent of pituitary macroadenomas. Materials and Methods: We studied clinical and MRI features of 33 patients of all age groups and both sexes with pituitary macroadenomas who presented to Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana from January 2014 to June 2015...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456389/assessment-of-quality-of-prescription-writing-among-dental-and-medical-students-and-practitioners-in-kerala
#11
Naveen Jacob Varghese, Venkitachalam Ramanarayanan, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Joe Joseph
Background: The medical prescription is a valid and legal document. Prescriptions can also be used as a measure of the quality of medical education, observance of the laws and regulations, and sociocultural beliefs. Aims: To assess the quality of prescription written by dental and medical students and practitioners. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three dental and two medical colleges in Kerala covering 345 participants (dental - 235 and medical - 110)...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456376/academic-stress-and-prevalence-of-stress-related-self-medication-among-undergraduate-female-students-of-health-and-non-health-cluster-colleges-of-a-public-sector-university-in-dammam-saudi-arabia
#12
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456094/association-among-opioid-use-treatment-preferences-and-perceptions-of-physician-treatment-recommendations-in-patients-with-neck-and-back-pain
#13
William B Weeks, Christine M Goertz, Cynthia R Long, William C Meeker, Dennis M Marchiori
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between self-reported use of opioids by patients with neck and back pain and their demographics, pain characteristics, treatment preferences, and recollections of their physicians' opinions regarding treatment options. METHODS: We analyzed 2017 Gallup Poll survey data from 1680 US adults who had substantial spine pain in the past year and used logistic regression to explore the aforementioned relationships...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455865/kin-networks-and-mobility-in-the-transition-to-adulthood
#14
Janel E Benson, Anastassia Bougakova
Family support is critical for launching youth into successful adult lives. Although studies have documented the association between family support and success in the transition to young adulthood, existing work focuses primarily on parental support, giving little attention to extended kin. This narrow definition of family may miss critical exchanges of support, especially among low-income families. Drawing on panel survey data (n=450) and in-depth interviews (n=52) with young women from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study, this study expands our understanding of family support in the transition to adulthood by examining young adults' kin networks and the types of support and resources embedded within these networks...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455789/geographical-variation-in-the-clinical-presentation-of-endomyocardial-fibrosis-in-india
#15
Prabha Nini Gupta, Subair M Kunju, Baiju Rajan, A George Koshy, Sunitha Vishwanathan, Preeti Sara George, Praveen Velappan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical presentation, clinical profile and survival of two groups of endomyocardial fibrosis patients. METHODS: The study was a prospective cohort study, or a prospective case series, comparing all consecutive echocardiographically proven patients with endomyocardial fibrosis seen in Medical College Trivandrum with the patients seen in Medical College Hospital, Alappuzha(Alleppey) (or TD Medical College). In all patients the clinical details like age, sex, type of endomyocardial fibrosis, the presence of anaemia, eosinophilia, neutrophilia and type of rhythm(Sinus or atrial fibrillation) etc were compared by both simple X2 and by Kaplan Meier survival curves...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455745/identifying-diverse-life-transition-patterns-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-the-influence-of-early-socioeconomic-context
#16
Tae Kyoung Lee, Kandauda A S Wickrama, Catherine Walker O'Neal, Guillermo Prado
The purposes of the present study are to investigate: (1) the heterogeneity in life transition patterns of youth from adolescence to young adulthood (ages 18-30) involving the timing and sequence of four transition events (college graduation, full-time employment, marriage, and parenthood), (2) the influence of early socioeconomic adversity on life transition patterns from adolescence to young adulthood, and (3) the influence of gender and race/ethnicity on these transition patterns. Using a multivariate discrete-time mixture survival model with a sample of 14,503 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), the study identified four life transition patterns and found that early socioeconomic adversity shapes disrupted life transition patterns from adolescence to young adulthood...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455739/general-population-estimates-of-the-association-between-college-experience-and-the-odds-of-forced-intercourse
#17
William George Axinn, Maura Elaine Bardos, Brady Thomas West
Sexual assault on college campuses is a pervasive problem, recently receiving increased scientific and policy attention. However, the high focus on college student experience ignores general population prevalence, trends, and differences between those with college experience and those without. We analyze measures from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to provide a general population view of experiences with forced intercourse. Forced intercourse is a common experience in the U.S. population, has remained stable in recent years, and varies greatly by gender, age and race...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455718/precollege-sexual-violence-perpetration-and-associated-risk-and-protective-factors-among-male-college-freshmen-in-georgia
#18
Laura F Salazar, Kevin M Swartout, Monica H Swahn, Alexandra L Bellis, Jhetari Carney, Kevin J Vagi, Colby Lokey
PURPOSE: Sexual violence (SV) perpetration on college campuses is a serious and prevalent public health issue in the U.S. In response, incoming male freshmen are mandated to receive SV prevention programming. To provide a more effective response, however, we need to understand the SV behaviors of male freshmen before they arrive on campus and the associated factors that contribute to risk and that afford protection, areas that have received limited attention. METHODS: Male freshmen (N = 1,133) across 30 selected 4-year colleges and universities throughout the state of Georgia were recruited for a longitudinal study on SV perpetration...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455717/the-role-of-hypermasculinity-token-resistance-rape-myth-and-assertive-sexual-consent-communication-among-college-men
#19
Autumn Shafer, Rebecca R Ortiz, Bailey Thompson, Jennifer Huemmer
PURPOSE: A greater understanding of how college men's gendered beliefs and communication styles relate to their sexual consent attitudes and intentions is essential within the shifting context of negative to affirmative consent policies on college campuses. The results of this study can be used to help design more effective sexual consent interventions. METHODS: Three hundred seventy undergraduate college men completed cross-sectional online surveys. Hierarchical multiple regression examined how hypermasculinity, token resistance, rape myth acceptance, and sexual communication assertiveness were associated with consent-related attitudes, intentions, and interpretations...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455716/how-collegiate-fraternity-and-sorority-involvement-relates-to-substance-use-during-young-adulthood-and-substance-use-disorders-in-early-midlife-a-national-longitudinal-study
#20
Sean Esteban McCabe, Philip Veliz, John E Schulenberg
PURPOSE: To assess how social fraternity involvement (i.e., membership and residence) in college relates to substance use behaviors and substance use disorder symptoms during young adulthood and early midlife in a national sample. METHODS: National multi-cohort probability samples of US high school seniors from the Monitoring the Future study were assessed at baseline (age 18) and followed longitudinally via self-administered surveys across seven follow-up waves to age 35...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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