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Spectrin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025591/identification-of-a-novel-csf3r-sptan1-fusion-gene-in-an-atypical-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patient-with-t-1-9-p34-q34-by-rna-seq
#1
Guangying Sheng, Jian Zhang, Zhao Zeng, Jinlan Pan, Qinrong Wang, Lijun Wen, Yang Xu, Depei Wu, Suning Chen
Membrane-proximal and truncated mutations of colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) are frequently found in chronic neutrophilic leukemia (CNL) and atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML). However, rearrangement involving CSF3R in hematological neoplasms has not been reported. Here, we report a case of a 21-year-old female diagnosed as aCML with t(1;9)(p34;q34) who presented a CSF3R rearrangement. First, RNA sequencing identified a novel fusion transcript involving exon 17 of CSF3R and exon 50 of non-erythrocytic-1-spectrin-alpha (SPTAN1)...
October 2017: Cancer Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991926/image-based-model-of-the-spectrin-cytoskeleton-for-red-blood-cell-simulation
#2
Thomas G Fai, Alejandra Leo-Macias, David L Stokes, Charles S Peskin
We simulate deformable red blood cells in the microcirculation using the immersed boundary method with a cytoskeletal model that incorporates structural details revealed by tomographic images. The elasticity of red blood cells is known to be supplied by both their lipid bilayer membranes, which resist bending and local changes in area, and their cytoskeletons, which resist in-plane shear. The cytoskeleton consists of spectrin tetramers that are tethered to the lipid bilayer by ankyrin and by actin-based junctional complexes...
October 9, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975597/erratum-to-degradation-of-%C3%AE-ii-spectrin-protein-by-calpain-2-and-caspase-3-under-neurotoxic-and-traumatic-brain-injury-conditions
#3
Firas H Kobeissy, Ming Cheng Liu, Zhihui Yang, Zhiqun Zhang, Wenrong Zheng, Olena Glushakova, Stefania Mondello, John Anagli, Ronald L Hayes, Kevin K W Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957326/high-rate-of-adaptation-of-mammalian-proteins-that-interact-with-plasmodium-and-related-parasites
#4
Emily R Ebel, Natalie Telis, Sandeep Venkataram, Dmitri A Petrov, David Enard
Plasmodium parasites, along with their Piroplasm relatives, have caused malaria-like illnesses in terrestrial mammals for millions of years. Several Plasmodium-protective alleles have recently evolved in human populations, but little is known about host adaptation to blood parasites over deeper evolutionary timescales. In this work, we analyze mammalian adaptation in ~500 Plasmodium- or Piroplasm- interacting proteins (PPIPs) manually curated from the scientific literature. We show that (i) PPIPs are enriched for both immune functions and pleiotropy with other pathogens, and (ii) the rate of adaptation across mammals is significantly elevated in PPIPs, compared to carefully matched control proteins...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922860/structural-plasticity-of-synaptopodin-in-the-axon-initial-segment-during-visual-cortex-development
#5
Annabelle Schlüter, Domenico Del Turco, Thomas Deller, Annika Gutzmann, Christian Schultz, Maren Engelhardt
The axon initial segment (AIS) is essential for action potential generation. Recently, the AIS was identified as a site of neuronal plasticity. A subpopulation of AIS in cortical principal neurons contains stacks of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) forming the cisternal organelle (CO). The function of this organelle is poorly understood, but roles in local Ca2+-trafficking and AIS plasticity are discussed. To investigate whether the presence and/or the size of COs are linked to the development and maturation of AIS of cortical neurons, we analyzed the relationship between COs and the AIS during visual cortex development under control and visual deprivation conditions...
September 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919343/characterizing-pathology-in-erythrocytes-using-morphological-and-biophysical-membrane-properties-relation-to-impaired-hemorheology-and-cardiovascular-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Oore-Ofe O Olumuyiwa-Akeredolu, Prashilla Soma, Antoinette V Buys, Legesse Kassa Debusho, Etheresia Pretorius
The inflammatory burden of the complex rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease affects several organ-systems, including rheological properties of blood and its formed elements. Red blood cells (RBCs) are constantly exposed to circulating dysregulated inflammatory molecules that are co-transported within the vasculature; and their membranes may be particularly vulnerable to the accompanying oxidative stress. In the current study, we investigate biophysical and ultrastructural characteristics of RBCs obtained from a cohort of patients using atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal microscopy (CM)...
September 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918914/analysis-of-genomes-and-transcriptomes-of-hepatocellular-carcinomas-identifies-mutations-and-gene-expression-changes-in-the-transforming-growth-factor-beta-pathway-short-title-prognostic-significance-of-tgf-%C3%AE-signature-in-liver-cancer
#7
Jian Chen, Sobia Zaidi, Shuyun Rao, Jiun-Sheng Chen, Liem Phan, Patrizia Farci, Xiaoping Su, Kirti Shetty, Jon White, Fausto Zamboni, Xifeng Wu, Asif Rashid, Nagarajan Pattabiraman, Raja Mazumder, Anelia Horvath, Ray-Chang Wu, Shulin Li, Cuiying Xiao, Chu-Xia Deng, David A Wheeler, Bibhuti Mishra, Rehan Akbani, Lopa Mishra
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with alterations in the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling pathway, which regulates liver inflammation and can have tumor suppressor or promoter activities. Little is known about the roles of specific members of this pathway at specific of HCC development. We took an integrated approach to identify and validate the effects of changes in this pathway in HCC and identify therapeutic targets. METHODS: We performed transcriptome analyses for a total of 488 HCCs that include data from The Cancer Genome Atlas...
September 14, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916774/the-mechano-sensing-role-of-the-unique-sh3-insertion-in-plakin-domains-revealed-by-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#8
Csaba Daday, Katra Kolšek, Frauke Gräter
The plakin family of proteins, important actors in cross-linking force-bearing structures in the cell, contain a curious SH3 domain insertion in their chain of spectrin repeats (SRs). While SH3 domains are known to mediate protein-protein interactions, here, its canonical binding site is autoinhibited by the preceding SR. Under force, however, this SH3 domain could be released, and possibly launch a signaling cascade. We performed large-scale force-probe molecular dynamics simulations, across two orders of magnitude of loading rates, to test this hypothesis, on two prominent members of the plakin family: desmoplakin and plectin, obligate proteins at desmosomes and hemidesmosomes, respectively...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861035/molecular-disorganization-of-axons-adjacent-to-human-cortical-microinfarcts
#9
Hamza Coban, Spencer Tung, Bryan Yoo, Harry V Vinters, Jason D Hinman
Cortical microinfarcts (CMIs) are microscopically identified wedge-shaped ischemic lesions that occur at or near the cortical surface and result from occlusion of penetrating arterioles. These microscopic lesions can be observed with high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging in aging brains and in patients with cerebrovascular disease. Recent studies have suggested that strategically located microinfarcts strongly correlate with cognitive deficits, which can contribute to Alzheimer's disease as well as other forms of dementia...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855121/tubulin-is-retained-throughout-the-human-hematopoietic-erythroid-cell-differentiation-process-and-plays-a-structural-role-in-sedimentable-fraction-of-mature-erythrocytes
#10
Ayelén D Nigra, Verónica S Santander, Roberto Dircio-Maldonado, Marina Rafaela Amaiden, Noelia E Monesterolo, Patricia Flores-Guzmán, Tamara Muhlberger, Juan F Rivelli, Alexis N Campetelli, Héctor Mayani, Cesar H Casale
We investigated the properties of tubulin present in the sedimentable fraction ("Sed-tub") of human erythrocytes, and tracked the location and organization of tubulin in various types of cells during the process of hematopoietic/erythroid differentiation. Sed-tub was sensitive to taxol/nocodazole (drugs that modify microtubule assembly/disassembly), but was organized as part of a protein network rather than in typical microtubule form. This network had a non-uniform "connected-ring" structure, with tubulin localized in the connection areas and associated with other proteins...
October 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841137/autoinhibition-of-ankyrin-b-g-membrane-target-bindings-by-intrinsically-disordered-segments-from-the-tail-regions
#11
Keyu Chen, Jianchao Li, Chao Wang, Zhiyi Wei, Mingjie Zhang
Ankyrins together with their spectrin partners are the master organizers of micron-scale membrane domains in diverse tissues. The 24 ankyrin (ANK) repeats of ankyrins bind to numerous membrane proteins, linking them to spectrin-based cytoskeletons at specific membrane microdomains. The accessibility of the target binding groove of ANK repeats must be regulated to achieve spatially defined functions of ankyrins/target complexes in different tissues, though little is known in this regard. Here we systemically investigated the autoinhibition mechanism of ankyrin-B/G by combined biochemical, biophysical and structural biology approaches...
August 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834726/prospects-for-human-erythrocyte-skeleton-bilayer-dissociation-during-splenic-flow
#12
Qiang Zhu, Sara Salehyar, Pedro Cabrales, Robert J Asaro
Prospects of vesiculation occurring during splenic flow of erythrocytes are addressed via model simulations of RBC flow through the venous slits of the human spleen. Our model is multiscale and contains a thermally activated rate-dependent description of the entropic elasticity of the RBC spectrin cytoskeleton, including domain unfolding/refolding. Our model also includes detail of the skeleton attachment to the fluidlike lipid bilayer membrane, including a specific accounting for the expansion/contraction of the skeleton that may occur via anchor protein diffusive motion, that is, band 3 and glycophorin, through the membrane...
August 22, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806784/structural-analysis-of-p-falciparum-kahrp-and-pfemp1-complexes-with-host-erythrocyte-spectrin-suggests-a-model-for-cytoadherent-knob-protrusions
#13
Erin E Cutts, Niklas Laasch, Dirk M Reiter, Raphael Trenker, Leanne M Slater, Phillip J Stansfeld, Ioannis Vakonakis
Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 (PfEMP1) and Knob-associated Histidine-rich Protein (KAHRP) are directly linked to malaria pathology. PfEMP1 and KAHRP cluster on protrusions (knobs) on the P. falciparum-infected erythrocyte surface and enable pathogenic cytoadherence of infected erythrocytes to the host microvasculature, leading to restricted blood flow, oxygen deprivation and damage of tissues. Here we characterize the interactions of PfEMP1 and KAHRP with host erythrocyte spectrin using biophysical, structural and computational approaches...
August 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754692/an-in-vitro-tag-and-modify-protein-sample-generation-method-for-single-molecule-fluorescence-resonance-energy-transfer
#14
Kambiz M Hamadani, Jesse Howe, Madeleine K Jensen, Peng Wu, Jamie H D Cate, Susan Marqusee
Biomolecular systems exhibit many dynamic and biologically relevant properties, such as conformational fluctuations, multistep catalysis, transient interactions, folding, and allosteric structural transitions. These properties are challenging to detect and engineer using standard ensemble-based techniques. To address this drawback, single-molecule methods offer a way to access conformational distributions, transient states, and asynchronous dynamics inaccessible to these standard techniques. Fluorescence-based single-molecule approaches are parallelizable and compatible with multiplexed detection; to date, however, they have remained limited to serial screens of small protein libraries...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753013/protein-protein-interaction-probed-by-label-free-second-harmonic-light-scattering-hemoglobin-adsorption-on-spectrin-surface-as-a-case-study
#15
Kamini Mishra, Abhijit Chakrabarti, Puspendu K Das
In this article, we have studied the binding of different naturally occurring hemoglobin (Hb) variants on erythrocyte skeletal protein, spectrin surface using the label free nondestructive second harmonic light scattering (SHLS) technique in aqueous buffer. Hemoglobin variants like sickle hemoglobin (HbS) and hemoglobin E (HbE) were chosen as they associate with sickle cell disease and HbEβ-thalassemia, respectively, and their interaction with spectrin is compared with normal adult hemoglobin (HbA). The concentration dependent change in the second harmonic light intensity from nanomolar spectrin solution has been measured after addition of small aliquots of hemoglobins...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730955/itraq-based-proteomic-analysis-of-appsw-ind-mice-provides-insights-into-the-early-changes-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Nan Li, Pinghong Hu, Tiantian Xu, Huan Chen, Xiaoying Chen, Jianwen Hu, Xifei Yang, Lei Shi, Jian-Hong Luo, Junyu Xu
BACKGROUND: Several proteins have been identified as potential diagnostic biomarkers in imaging, genetic, or proteomic studies in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and mouse models. However, biomarkers for presymptom diagnosis of AD are still under investigation, as are the presymptom molecular changes in AD pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aim to analyzed the early proteomic changes in APPSw,Ind mice and to conduct further functional studies on interesting proteins...
July 19, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704937/attenuation-of-red-blood-cell-storage-lesions-with-vitamin-c
#17
Kimberly Sanford, Bernard J Fisher, Evan Fowler, Alpha A Fowler, Ramesh Natarajan
Stored red blood cells (RBCs) undergo oxidative stress that induces deleterious metabolic, structural, biochemical, and molecular changes collectively referred to as "storage lesions". We hypothesized that vitamin C (VitC, reduced or oxidized) would reduce red cell storage lesions, thus prolonging their storage duration. Whole-blood-derived, leuko-reduced, SAGM (saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol)-preserved RBC concentrates were equally divided into four pediatric storage bags and the following additions made: (1) saline (saline); (2) 0...
July 12, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701737/circulating-primitive-erythroblasts-establish-a-functional-protein-4-1r-dependent-cytoskeletal-network-prior-to-enucleating
#18
Yu-Shan Huang, Luis F Delgadillo, Kathryn H Cyr, Paul D Kingsley, Xiuli An, Kathleen E McGrath, Narla Mohandas, John G Conboy, Richard E Waugh, Jiandi Wan, James Palis
Hematopoietic ontogeny is characterized by distinct primitive and definitive erythroid lineages. Definitive erythroblasts mature and enucleate extravascularly and form a unique membrane skeleton, composed of spectrin, 4.1R-complex, and ankyrinR-complex components, to survive the vicissitudes of the adult circulation. However, little is known about the formation and composition of the membrane skeleton in primitive erythroblasts, which progressively mature while circulating in the embryonic bloodstream. We found that primary primitive erythroblasts express the major membrane skeleton genes present in similarly staged definitive erythroblasts, suggesting that the composition and formation of this membrane network is conserved in maturing primitive and definitive erythroblasts despite their respective intravascular and extravascular locations...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694468/interactome-and-reciprocal-activation-of-pathways-in-topical-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-the-recipient-cerebral-cortex-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Ping K Lam, Kevin K W Wang, Anthony W I Lo, Cindy S W Tong, Don W C Ching, Kenneth Wong, Zhihui Yang, Themis Kong, Kin K Y Lo, Richard K W Choy, Paul B S Lai, George K C Wong, Wai S Poon
In this study, GFP-MSCs were topically applied to the surface of cerebral cortex within 1 hour of experimental TBI. No treatment was given to the control group. Three days after topical application, the MSCs homed to the injured parenchyma and improved the neurological function. Topical MSCs triggered earlier astrocytosis and reactive microglia. TBI penumbra and hippocampus had higher cellular proliferation. Apoptosis was suppressed at hippocampus at 1 week and reduced neuronal damaged was found in the penumbral at day 14 apoptosis...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692740/switching-of-%C3%AE-catenin-from-epithelial-to-neuronal-type-during-lens-epithelial-cell-differentiation
#20
Rupalatha Maddala, Ponugoti Vasantha Rao
Purpose: Ocular lens fiber cell elongation, differentiation, and compaction are associated with extensive reorganization of cell adhesive interactions and cytoskeleton; however, our knowledge of proteins critical to these events is still evolving. This study characterizes the distribution pattern of neuronal-specific α-catenin (αN-catenin) and its interaction with the N-cadherin-associated adherens junctions (AJs) and their stability in the mouse lens fibers. Methods: Expression and distribution of αN-catenin in developing mouse and adult human lenses was determined by RT-PCR, immunoblot, and immunofluorescence analyses...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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