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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151281/skeletal-muscle-performance-and-ageing
#1
REVIEW
Michael Tieland, Inez Trouwborst, Brian C Clark
The world population is ageing rapidly. As society ages, the incidence of physical limitations is dramatically increasing, which reduces the quality of life and increases healthcare expenditures. In western society, ~30% of the population over 55 years is confronted with moderate or severe physical limitations. These physical limitations increase the risk of falls, institutionalization, co-morbidity, and premature death. An important cause of physical limitations is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass, also referred to as sarcopenia...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151251/quality-of-life-following-hospitalization-associated-acute-kidney-injury-in-children
#2
Kelsey L Richardson, R Scott Watson, Sangeeta Hingorani
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in hospitalized children. The impact of AKI following hospitalization is not fully understood, particularly the impact on health related quality of life (HRQOL). The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between hospitalization-associated AKI and HRQOL in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children with hospitalization-associated AKI. Eligible children were 1-19 years old with AKI defined by kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria and had at least one completed pediatric quality of life (PedsQL) 4...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151147/the-relationship-of-five-boarding-school-experiences-and-physical-health-status-among-northern-plains-tribes
#3
Ursula Running Bear, Calvin D Croy, Carol E Kaufman, Zaneta M Thayer, Spero M Manson
PURPOSE: American Indian (AI) boarding school attendance is related to poor physical health status; however, little is known about how specific aspects of this experience contribute to poor health. Five experiences (age of first attendance, limited family visits, forced church attendance, prohibition on practicing AI culture and traditions, and punishment for use of AI language) may be independently associated with physical health status in adulthood. We expected the effect to be greater for those who began boarding school at older ages...
November 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151128/physical-activity-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#4
S I E Liem, J M T A Meessen, R Wolterbeek, N Ajmone Marsan, M K Ninaber, T P M Vliet Vlieland, J K de Vries-Bouwstra
OBJECTIVES: To compare self-reported levels of physical activity (PA) of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with the general population. To evaluate in SSc patients factors associated with PA levels and needs and preferences regarding PA. METHODS: Fifty nine SSc patients completed the Short QUestionnaire to ASsess Health-Enhancing PA. The proportion of patients meeting the Dutch Recommendation for PA (= moderate PA for 30 min on ≥ 5 days/week) and total minutes of PA per week were calculated and compared with similar data from the Dutch population...
November 18, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151095/violent-behavior
#5
Sophia Sopromadze, Alexander Tsiskaridze
Violence is a significant public health problem representing one of the leading causes of death worldwide for people aged 15-44 years. Although violence and aggression are more frequent in adolescence and early adult life and decline with advancing age, these conditions can still develop for the first time in old age especially in association with organic brain disorder. Rates of violent death vary according to country income levels and are twice as higher in low- to middle-income countries than in high-income countries...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#6
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151045/the-physical-and-mental-health-problems-of-refugee-and-migrant-fathers-findings-from-an-australian-population-based-study-of-children-and-their-families
#7
Rebecca Giallo, Elisha Riggs, Claire Lynch, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jane Yelland, Josef Szwarc, Philippa Duell-Piening, Lauren Tyrell, Sue Casey, Stephanie Janne Brown
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report on the physical and mental health of migrant and refugee fathers participating in a population-based study of Australian children and their families. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data drawn from a population-based longitudinal study when children were aged 4-5 years. SETTING: Population-based study of Australian children and their families. PARTICIPANTS: 8137 fathers participated in the study when their children were aged 4-5 years...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#8
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150827/implications-of-tourist-macaque-interactions-for-disease-transmission
#9
Charlotte Carne, Stuart Semple, Ann MacLarnon, Bonaventura Majolo, Laëtitia Maréchal
During wildlife tourism, proximity or actual contact between people and animals may lead to a significant risk of anthropozoonotic disease transmission. In this paper, we use social network analysis, disease simulation modelling and data on animal health and behaviour to investigate such risks at a site in Morocco, where tourists come to see wild Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). Measures of individual macaques' network centrality-an index of the strength and distribution of their social relationships and thus potentially their ability to spread disease-did not show clear and consistent relationships with their time spent in close proximity to, or rate of interacting with, tourists...
November 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150678/dog-ownership-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Mwenya Mubanga, Liisa Byberg, Christoph Nowak, Agneta Egenvall, Patrik K Magnusson, Erik Ingelsson, Tove Fall
Dogs may be beneficial in reducing cardiovascular risk in their owners by providing social support and motivation for physical activity. We aimed to investigate the association of dog ownership with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death in a register-based prospective nation-wide cohort (n = 3,432,153) with up to 12 years of follow-up. Self-reported health and lifestyle habits were available for 34,202 participants in the Swedish Twin Register. Time-to-event analyses with time-updated covariates were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150535/disparities-in-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-rural-south-africa-data-from-the-haalsi-study-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-international-network-for-the-demographic-evaluation-of-populations-and-their-health-communities
#12
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
BACKGROUND: Optimal secondary prevention is critical for the reduction of repeated cardiovascular events, and the control of cardiovascular risk factors in this context is essential. Data on secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa are needed to inform intervention strategies with a particular focus on local disparities. The aim of this study was to assess CVD management in a rural community in northeast South Africa. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt subdistrict of Mpumalanga province...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150402/network-science-of-biological-systems-at-different-scales-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Marko Gosak, Rene Markovič, Jurij Dolenšek, Marjan Slak Rupnik, Marko Marhl, Andraž Stožer, Matjaž Perc
Network science is today established as a backbone for description of structure and function of various physical, chemical, biological, technological, and social systems. Here we review recent advances in the study of complex biological systems that were inspired and enabled by methods of network science. First, we present research highlights ranging from determination of the molecular interaction network within a cell to studies of architectural and functional properties of brain networks and biological transportation networks...
November 3, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150392/improvement-in-quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery-sleeve-versus-bypass
#14
Dirk P A Versteegden, Magaly J J Van Himbeeck, Simon W Nienhuijs
BACKGROUND: Obesity is steadily growing to be the largest threat to human health in this century, not only increasing prevalence of obesity-related co-morbidity but also impairing health-related quality of life (QoL). Bariatric surgery has shown to improve co-morbidity as well as QoL. OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in improvement in QoL for the 2 most performed procedures: laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...
October 16, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150339/hair-concentration-of-trace-elements-and-growth-in-homeless-children-aged-6years-results-from-the-enfams-study
#15
Lucia Fábelová, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Cécile Vuillermoz, Robert Garnier, Sandrine Lioret, Jérémie Botton
BACKGROUND: Growth is an important indicator of health in early childhood. This is a critical developmental period, during which a number of factors, including exposure to metals, might play a role in later physical and metabolic functions. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between exposure to arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and selenium (Se), and physical growth of children from homeless families aged <6years. METHODS: This study was based on data of the cross-sectional survey (ENFAMS), which was conducted by the Observatoire du Samu Social on a random sample of homeless sheltered families in the Paris region during winter 2013...
November 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150314/connecting-qualitative-research-on-exercise-and-environment-to-public-health-agendas-requires-an-equity-lens
#16
Stephanie E Coen
In this commentary, I respond to the special section in Health&Place (vol. 46) on "Exercise and environment: new qualitative work to link popular practice and public health" edited by Hitchings and Latham. I argue that if qualitative research is to effectively inform public health policy and practice it cannot ignore the fact that physical activity participation is inequitable. Without building in a critical equity lens, geographers risk perpetuating the "inequality paradox"-that is, the potential for population health interventions to inadvertently exacerbate health inequalities...
November 14, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150246/development-of-the-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-impact-scale-a-new-health-related-quality-of-life-instrument
#17
Dorothee Oberdhan, Jason C Cole, Holly B Krasa, Rebecca Cheng, Frank S Czerwiec, Ron D Hays, Arlene B Chapman, Ronald D Perrone
BACKGROUND: The impact of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is not well understood due to a lack of instruments specific to the condition. STUDY DESIGN: Content for a new self-administered patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaire to assess ADPKD-related HRQoL was developed through clinical expert and patient focus group discussions. The new PRO instrument was administered to study patients with ADPKD to evaluate its reliability and validity...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150165/effects-of-programmed-exercise-on-depressive-symptoms-in-midlife-and-older-women-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Faustino R Pérez-López, Samuel J Martínez-Domínguez, Héctor Lajusticia, Peter Chedraui
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the effect of programmed exercise on depressive symptoms (DSs) in midlife and older women. METHODS: We carried out a structured search of PubMed-Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library and Scielo, from database inception through June 29, 2017, without language restriction. The search included the following terms: "depression", "depressive symptoms", "exercise", "physical activity", "menopause", and "randomized controlled trial" (RCTs) in midlife and older women...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149957/positive-and-negative-affects-in-living-kidney-donors
#19
C-Y Hsieh, C-H Chien, K-L Liu, H-H Wang, K-J Lin, Y-J Chiang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the factors influencing the positive and negative affects and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of living kidney donors. METHODS: With the use of a cross-sectional study design and a structured questionnaire, information on the basic characteristics, positive affect, negative affect, and HRQOL of 41 living kidney donors were compared. RESULTS: The negative affect in living kidney donors was similar to that of the general population, but the positive affect was slightly lower...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149912/trial-to-incentivise-adherence-for-diabetes-triad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Marcel Bilger, Mitesh Shah, Ngiap Chuan Tan, Kaye Louise Howard, Hui Yan Xu, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Many people with diabetes have suboptimal glycaemic control due to not being adherent to their treatment regimen. Behavioural economic theory suggests that the lack of adherence results from the disconnect between the timing of when costs and benefits accrue. One strategy to address this discontinuity is to offer patients a near-term benefit, such as a financial reward. Whereas there is evidence that rewards can improve treatment adherence and sometimes health outcomes, further research is needed to determine whether rewards are more effective when targeting processes or intermediary health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Trials
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