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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#1
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#2
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#4
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449030/spillover-effects-on-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Jaynal Abedin, David Berger, Ashley Clark, Veronica Jimenez, Eugene Konagaya, Diana Tran, Benjamin F Arnold, Alan E Hubbard, Stephen P Luby, Edward Miguel, John M Colford
Background: Many interventions delivered to improve health may benefit not only direct recipients but also people in close physical or social proximity. Our objective was to review all published literature about the spillover effects of interventions on health outcomes in low-middle income countries and to identify methods used in estimating these effects. Methods: We searched 19 electronic databases for articles published before 2014 and hand-searched titles from 2010 to 2013 in five relevant journals...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448731/differential-effects-of-circadian-typology-on-sleep-related-symptoms-physical-fatigue-and-psychological-well-being-in-relation-to-resilience
#6
Hong Jun Jeon, Young Rong Bang, Hye Youn Park, Seul A Kim, In-Young Yoon
Various physiological and psychological functions are influenced by circadian typology (CT), which was reported to be related to resilience. However, few studies have assessed the effects of CT in relation to resilience. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of CT on sleep-related symptoms, physical fatigue and psychological well-being in relation to resilience. The present study included a total of 1794 healthy hospital employees, and they completed the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale Abbreviated Version...
April 27, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448720/mosaic-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-children-a-single-institution-experience
#7
Irene Lara-Corrales, Mitra Moazzami, Maria Teresa García-Romero, Elena Pope, Patricia Parkin, Andrea Shugar, Peter Kannu
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neurocutaneous disorder caused by loss-of-function mutation in the NF1 gene. Segmental or mosaic NF1 (MNF) is an uncommon presentation of the NF1 result of postzygotic mutations that present with subtle localised clinical findings. OBJECTIVES: Our study's objectives were to describe the clinical characteristics of children with MNF. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children diagnosed with MNF at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada, from January 1992 to September 2012...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448628/determinants-of-formal-care-use-and-expenses-among-in-home-elderly-in-jing-an-district-shanghai-china
#8
Fen Li, Xinye Fang, Jiechun Gao, Hansheng Ding, Changying Wang, Chunyan Xie, Yitong Yang, Chunlin Jin
The need for formal care among the elderly population has been increasing due to their greater longevity and the evolution of family structure. We examined the determinants of the use and expenses of formal care among in-home elderly adults in Shanghai. A two-part model based on the data from the Shanghai Long-Term Care Needs Assessment Questionnaire was applied. A total of 8428 participants responded in 2014 and 7100 were followed up in 2015. The determinants of the probability of using formal care were analyzed in the first part of the model and the determinants of formal care expenses were analyzed in the second part...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448584/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-yet-on-dialysis-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#9
Viviane Angelina de Souza, Dílmerson Oliveira, Sérgio Ribeiro Barbosa, José Otávio do Amaral Corrêa, Fernando Antônio Basile Colugnati, Henrique Novais Mansur, Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes, Marcus Gomes Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a chronic condition that is associated with aging and characterized by a reduction of muscle mass, strength, and function. Sarcopenia is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated with increased morbidity and mortality, as well as cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis and its correlation with clinical and laboratory variables and inflammatory markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448531/application-of-the-transtheoretical-model-to-sedentary-behaviors-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-status
#10
Ho Han, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Harold Willis Kohl
BACKGROUND: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a successful framework for guiding behavior change programs for several health behaviors, yet its application to reduce of sedentary behavior has been neglected. In addition, no data exist regarding the association between determinants of sedentary behaviors based on the TTM and physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' stages of motivational readiness to avoid sedentary behaviors and relevant psychological determinants using newly developed TTM questionnaires and to identify the association between current physical activity and sedentary behaviors based on TTM constructs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448520/association-between-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-from-the-know-ckd-study
#11
Tae Ryom Oh, Chang Seong Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Seung Hyeok Han, Su-Ah Sung, Kyubeck Lee, Kook Hwan Oh, Curie Ahn, Soo Wan Kim
Vitamin D deficiency is a growing health problem in both the general population and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and health-related quality of life in CKD is not well established. This study examined the association between vitamin D deficiency and quality of life in pre-dialysis CKD patients. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the Korean version of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life short form were obtained for 1844 pre-dialysis CKD patients in the prospective KoreaN cohort Study for Outcomes in patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448458/does-an-empty-nest-affect-elders-health-empirical-evidence-from-china
#12
Min Gao, Yanyu Li, Shengfa Zhang, Linni Gu, Jinsui Zhang, Zhuojun Li, Weijun Zhang, Donghua Tian
The "empty-nest" elderly family has become increasingly prevalent among old people in China. This study aimed to explore the causality between empty nests and elders' health using effective instrumental variables, including "whether old parents talk with their families when they are upset" and "ownership of housing". The results showed that empty nests had a significantly adverse influence on elders' physical health, cognitive ability and psychological health. Furthermore, urban elders' cognitive ability was more influenced by empty nests than that of rural elders...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448375/promis-sleep-disturbance-and-sleep-related-impairment-in-adolescents-examining-psychometrics-using-self-report-and-actigraphy
#13
Alyson E Hanish, Deborah C Lin-Dyken, Joan C Han
BACKGROUND: The National Institutes of Health Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) has self-reported health measures available for both pediatric and adult populations, but no pediatric measures are available currently in the sleep domains. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this observational study was to perform preliminary validation studies on age-appropriate, self-reported sleep measures in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This study examined 25 healthy adolescents' self-reported daytime sleepiness, sleep disturbance, sleep-related impairment, and sleep patterns...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448332/sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-low-income-postpartum-women
#14
Jennifer J Doering, Aniko Szabo, Deepika Goyal, Elizabeth Babler
PURPOSE: To describe and explore patterns of postpartum sleep, fatigue, and depressive symptoms in low-income urban women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive, exploratory, nonexperimental study, participants were recruited from an inpatient postpartum unit. Subjective measures were completed by 132 participants across five time points. Objective sleep/wake patterns were measured by 72-hour wrist actigraphy at 4 and 8 weeks. Mean sample age was 25 years, high school educated with 3...
May 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448175/gaming-your-way-to-health-a-systematic-review-of-exergaming-programs-to-increase-health-and-exercise-behaviors-in-adults
#15
Tamara D Street, Sarah J Lacey, Rebecca R Langdon
OBJECTIVE: Adults who are not engaged by traditional exercise methods require a strategy to achieve and maintain sufficient physical activity for health benefits. Exergames, or active videogames, may motivate some adults to engage in physical activity. This review explored the use of exergaming to promote physical activity behaviors and health in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review of the use of exergaming was conducted. The review included experimental studies with a nonclinical adult population, which measured changes in physical activity behaviors and changes in anthropometric healthy weight indicators...
April 27, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
April 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448091/association-between-physical-frailty-and-quality-of-life-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-swiss-older-people
#17
Y Henchoz, C Büla, I Guessous, B Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVE: Though the association between physical frailty and health is well established, little is known about its association with other domains of quality of life (QoL). This study investigated the association between physical frailty and multiple domains of QoL in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data of the 2011 annual assessment of 927 older people (age 73-77 years) from the Lc65+ cohort study were used...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448086/effects-of-running-wheel-activity-and-dietary-hmb-and-%C3%AE-alanine-co-supplementation-on-muscle-quality-in-aged-male-rats
#18
D W Russ, C Acksel, K W McCorkle, N K Edens, S M Garvey
OBJECTIVE: Loss of skeletal muscle function is linked to increased risk for loss of health and independence in older adults. Dietary interventions that can enhance aging muscle function, alone or in combination with exercise, may offer an effective way to reduce these risks. The goal of this study was to evaluate the muscular effects of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) and beta-alanine (β-Ala) co-supplementation in aged Sprague-Dawley rats with voluntary access to running wheels (RW)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448081/association-between-satisfaction-with-state-of-health-and-meals-physical-condition-and-food-diversity-health-behavior-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-older-people-living-alone-in-japan
#19
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, Y Takemi, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine perceptions of shopping difficulty, and the relationships with satisfaction with state of health and meals, physical condition, food diversity and health behavior in older people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by mail and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#20
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
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