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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332015/post-traumatic-stress-and-growth-among-cpr-survivors-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#1
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Background Almost 7.2%-10.6% of patients survive CPR in Iran. Most of them experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and post-traumatic growth (PTG). There are limited studies to assessing the correlation between these two psychological outcomes among CPR survivors. Objective This study aimed to examine the correlation between PTSD and PTG among CPR survivors in South-East Iran. Subjects Using Quota sampling, 163 CPR survivors in two provinces in the South-East of Iran were selected to participate in this study...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331974/what-are-the-physical-and-psychological-health-effects-of-suicide-bereavement-on-family-members-an-observational-and-interview-mixed-methods-study-in-ireland
#2
Ailbhe Spillane, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Ella Arensman
OBJECTIVES: Research focussing on the impact of suicide bereavement on family members' physical and psychological health is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine how family members have been physically and psychologically affected following suicide bereavement. A secondary objective of the study was to describe the needs of family members bereaved by suicide. DESIGN: A mixed-methods study was conducted, using qualitative semistructured interviews and additional quantitative self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress (DASS-21)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331708/depression-increases-subjective-stigma-of-chronic-pain
#3
Nida Naushad, Laura B Dunn, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND: Individuals suffering from mental as well as physical conditions often face stigma, which can adversely affect functioning, treatment seeking, and emotional health. We compared levels of stigma experienced by individuals with depression and/or chronic pain, to contrast the perception of stigma experienced by the sufferers with that of individuals who have never experienced these conditions, and to determine whether depression is related to greater experience of stigma for chronic pain...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331698/exploring-metabolic-factors-and-health-behaviors-in-relation-to-suicide-attempts-a-case-control-study
#4
Stefan Perera, Rebecca B Eisen, Meha Bhatt, Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elisabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Jennifer Brasch, David Meyre, Russell de Souza, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a serious public health concern with devastating global impact, thereby necessitating the development of an adequate prevention strategy. Few known risk factors of suicide attempts are directly modifiable. This study sought to investigate potential associations between health behaviors and suicide attempts, identifying novel opportunities for clinicians to help prevent suicidal behavior. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to compare body weight, serum total cholesterol, physical activity, tobacco use, and dietary food groups among adults who had made a suicide attempt (n = 84) to psychiatric inpatients (n = 104) and community controls (n = 93) without history of suicide attempt...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#5
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331594/effects-of-physical-activity-on-the-symptoms-of-tourette-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#6
David D Kim, Darren E R Warburton, Nana Wu, Alasdair M Barr, William G Honer, Ric M Procyshyn
There is irrefutable evidence that routine physical activity or exercise can offer considerable health benefits to individuals living with various mental disorders. However, it is not clear what effect physical activity has on the symptoms of Tourette syndrome. Despite a paucity of evidence, physical activity or exercise has already been recommended by various health organizations for the management of tics. We provide a systematic review of the effects of physical activity or exercise on tic symptomology in individuals with Tourette syndrome...
December 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331407/decreased-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#7
Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Luciana Neder, Clovis A Silva, Gilda Porta
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional assessment with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) was completed for 80 patients with autoimmune hepatitis and 45 healthy controls. Demographic data, prednisone dose, disease remission state, disease severity, and abdominal pain were also evaluated. RESULTS: Based on the child self-reports, physical, emotional, school, and total scores were significantly lower in autoimmune hepatitis patients when compared with controls (p<0...
January 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331300/cigarette-smoking-and-hip-volumetric-bone-mineral-density-and-cortical-volume-loss-in-older-adults-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#8
Elisa A Marques, Martine Elbejjani, Vilmundur Gudnason, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Thomas Lang, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
This study aimed to explore the relationships of several indicators of cigarette smoking habits (smoking status, pack-years, age at smoking initiation and smoking cessation) with quantitative computed tomographic (QCT)-derived proximal femur bone measures (trabecular vBMD, integral vBMD and the ratio of cortical to total tissue volume (cvol/ivol)) and with subsequent change in these measures over the next five years. A total of 2673 older adults (55.9% women), aged 66-92 years at baseline from the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility (AGES)-Reykjavik Study, who had two QCT scans of the hip were studied...
January 10, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331252/investigating-the-need-for-clinicians-to-use-tablet-computers-with-a-newly-envisioned-electronic-health-record
#9
Jason J Saleem, April Savoy, Gale Etherton, Jennifer Herout
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has deployed a large number of tablet computers in the last several years. However, little is known about how clinicians may use these devices with a newly planned Web-based electronic health record (EHR), as well as other clinical tools. The objective of this study was to understand the types of use that can be expected of tablet computers versus desktops. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 clinicians at a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Medical Center...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331152/functioning-before-and-after-a-major-depressive-episode-pre-existing-vulnerability-or-scar-a-prospective-three-wave-population-based-study
#10
E H Bos, M Ten Have, S van Dorsselaer, B F Jeronimus, R de Graaf, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: The vulnerability hypothesis suggests that impairments after remission of depressive episodes reflect a pre-existing vulnerability, while the scar hypothesis proposes that depression leaves residual impairments that confer risk of subsequent episodes. We prospectively examined vulnerability and scar effects in mental and physical functioning in a representative Dutch population sample. METHODS: Three waves were used from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2, a population-based study with a 6-years follow-up...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331097/vigorous-physical-activity-perceived-stress-sleep-and-mental-health-among-university-students-from-23-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
Background Vigorous physical activity (VPA) may be beneficial for mental health. The aim of the study was to investigate cross-sectional associations between VPA, perceived stress, sleep quality and quantity and mental health among university students. Methods In a cross-sectional study, using anonymous questionnaires, data was collected from 15122 (42.1% male and 57.9% female) university students [mean age 20.6, standard deviation (SD) = 2.0] from 23 countries in the Americas, Africa and Asia. They were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short version), and measures of sociodemographic, health status, health behaviour and anthropometrics...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331050/exercise-counteracts-lipotoxicity-by-improving-lipid-turnover-and-lipid-droplet-quality
#12
Evelyn Zacharewicz, Matthijs K C Hesselink, Patrick Schrauwen
The incidence of obesity and metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), are rising globally. Dietary lipid over-supply leads to lipid accumulation at ectopic sites, such as skeletal muscle. Ectopic lipid storage is highly correlated with insulin resistance and T2D, likely due to a loss of metabolic flexibility - the capacity to switch between fat and glucose oxidation upon insulin stimulation - and cellular dysfunction because of lipotoxicity. However, muscle lipid levels are also elevated in endurance trained athletes, presenting a paradoxical phenotype of increased intramuscular lipids along with high insulin sensitivity - the "athletes' paradox"...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330998/histomorphological-effects-of-hunger-stress-on-ovaries
#13
Maria Yousaf, Hina Siddiqi, Nazish Waheed
BACKGROUND: Incidence of stress is on the rise in our daily life involving various neurobiological, endocrinological and behavioral changes. Hunger stress has a potent influence on mental, physical, and reproductive health by affecting the hypothalamic-pituitary gonadal axis. METHODS: It was a laboratory based randomized control trial. Adult female mice (BALB-c strain) weighing 25-27 grams on first day of estrous cycle were taken in two groups (ten each). Group A was kept in normal environment of animal house for one month...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330986/use-of-psychoactive-drugs-among-medical-undergraduates-in-abbottabad
#14
Haq Nawaz, Aftab Alam Khan, Saima Bukhari
BACKGROUND: Psychoactive substance abuse is prevalent among medical undergraduates of Pakistan, India & Western countries which can adversely affect the physical & psychological grooming of a medical undergraduate thus threatening to compromise their role as future physicians & health-care providers in the society. The objective of the present cross-sectional study was to explore the prevalence and patterns of psychoactive substance/drug consumption among undergraduate students of a public sector medical college in Abbottabad...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#15
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330509/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-carbohydrate-mediated-liver-immune-responses-in-epinephelus-akaara
#16
Yunxia Yang, Tao Han, Jia Xiao, Xinyu Li, Jiteng Wang
As the cheapest energy source, carbohydrates are used in fish feeds to improve physical quality and reduce catabolism of proteins and lipids. The liver is the primary organ for metabolism and is also an important site of immune regulation. Here, we investigated the effect of different dietary carbohydrate levels on growth and health by evaluating the liver transcriptome of Epinephelus akaara. In this study, E. akaara juveniles were fed diets containing few (0% corn starch), moderate (18% corn starch), and high (30% corn starch) levels of dietary carbohydrate...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330499/three-dimensional-physical-model-assisted-planning-and-navigation-for-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-in-patients-with-endophytic-renal-tumors
#17
Gang Fan, Jun Li, Mingfeng Li, Mingji Ye, Xiaming Pei, Feiping Li, Shuai Zhu, Han Weiqin, Xiao Zhou, Yu Xie
Resection of completely endophytic renal tumors is a huge challenge for surgeons due to a lack of definite visual clues, especially in the laparoscopic approach. Three-dimensional (3D) kidney models, which can illustrate the clear relationship between renal masses and surrounding health tissues, were considered as reliable tools for understanding renal tumor characteristics in previous studies. We hypothesized that 3D kidney models can be used not only for planning but also for navigating laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) in patients with completely endophytic renal tumors...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330373/the-association-of-fit-fat-index-with-incident-diabetes-in-japanese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330166/impact-of-free-access-to-leisure-facilities-and-community-outreach-on-inequalities-in-physical-activity-a-quasi-experimental-study
#19
James Higgerson, Emma Halliday, Aurora Ortiz-Nunez, Richard Brown, Ben Barr
BACKGROUND: There are large inequalities in levels of physical activity in the UK, and this is an important determinant of health inequalities. Little is known about the effectiveness of community-wide interventions to increase physical activity and whether effects differ by socioeconomic group. METHODS: We conducted interrupted time series and difference-in-differences analyses using local administrative data and a large national survey to investigate the impact of an intervention providing universal free access to leisure facilities alongside outreach and marketing activities in a deprived local authority area in the northwest of England...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330081/optimization-of-a-technology-supported-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-fit2thrive-study-protocol
#20
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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