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Physical health

Mariana Angélica Peixoto de Souza, Jane Fonseca Dias, Fabiane Ribeiro Ferreira, Marisa Cotta Mancini, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio
The cross sectional study aims to create the patients' profile and understand their demands for seeking public rehabilitation services from Belo Horizonte. Data were analyzed from 516 patients who gained entry into the health care system by means of the Protocol for Identification of Problems for Rehabilitation (PLPR). It allows for gathering information related to one's health and the social context, including a brief functional description (BFD) with 25 items. Most patients were females, mean age of 57 years, and 54% declared to be responsible for the family income...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Rogerio Canuto, Nayara Lopes Gomes, Vera Lúcia Ferreira Mendes, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart, Lenildo de Moura
Objective: To describe the self-reported prevalence of intellectual disability, physical, hearing and visual, according to sociodemographic variables, degree of limitation and frequency of rehabilitation service use. Methods: Data from the National Health Survey, a population survey. the self-reported prevalence of physical, mental, visual and hearing were calculated and their 95% confidence intervals, stratified by sex, age, race / color, for Brazil, place of residence and Major Regions...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Cristhiene Montone Nunes Ramires, Fátima Cristina Alves Branco-Barreiro, Érica Toledo Piza Peluso
Hearing loss among children, particularly those with severe and profound hearing impairment, has an effect on their communication and development, which in turn can have a significant impact on their parents. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of parents of children with hearing loss and identify the associated factors. A cross-sectional study was carried out involving parents of children that went through phonoaudiological therapy at a public university clinic in the city of São Paulo. The research instruments used were: the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument, Short Form (WHOQOL-bref), the Social Support Questionnaire 6 (SSQ-6) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Maysa Ferreira Martins Ribeiro, Luc Vandenberghe, Cejane Oliveira Martins Prudente, Vanessa da Silva Carvalho Vila, Celmo Celeno Porto
The aim of the study was to comprehend how the age group and the severity of the motor impairment of children with cerebral palsy modify the mothers' experiences of stress and to understand the coping strategies they use. A qualitative approach was used, with the method framed on Grounded Theory Analysis. Nineteen mothers of children and adolescents with different degrees of motor impairment participated in individual semi-structured interviews. A lack of support and increased time and effort invested in parenting, at the cost of other areas of life threaten participants' physical and emotional health...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Aline Sarturi Ponte, Elenir Fedosse
This study correlated the impact of Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) on the labor activity of individuals of working age on their quality of life (QOL) and that of their relatives/caregivers. It involved qualitative (content analysis) and quantitative (descriptive) research. Forty-eight individuals with ABI and 27 relatives/caregivers were interviewed. The correlation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life WHOQOL-BREF (52...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kaisy Pereira Martins, Tatiana Ferreira da Costa, Thayris Mariano de Medeiros, Maria das Graças Melo Fernandes, Inácia Sátiro Xavier de França, Kátia Nêyla de Freitas Macêdo Costa
This study aimed at evaluating the internal structure of Family Health Units in relation to the access of people with physical and/or sensory disabilities. It is a descriptive, exploratory, population-based research, held in Family Health Units of the municipality of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. For the collection of data, a checklist based on Technical Standard 9050 was used. For the analysis, the descriptive and exploratory analysis of the data and the Chi-square test were applied. As a result, of the 90 buildings evaluated, only 47...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Jamilly da Silva Aragão, Inacia Sátiro Xavier de França, Alexsandro Silva Coura, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Bertha Cruz Enders
Objective: to analyze the conditions that enhance the dimensions of individual, social and programmatic vulnerability associated with sexually transmitted infections in physically disabled people. Methods: this transversal study, with a quantitative approach, was conducted in 2015 in conjunction with an association for disabled people in Campina Grande, PB, Brazil. Ninety-eight individuals participated in the study and answered a questionnaire regarding the dimensions of vulnerability in relation to sexually transmitted infections...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Giovani Cavalheiro Nogueira, Soraia Dornelles Schoeller, Flávia Regina de Souza Ramos, Maria Itayra Padilha, Laura Cavalcanti de Farias Brehmer, Ana Maria Fernandes Borges Marques
This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, establishing the epidemiological profile of people with physical disabilities resident in the municipality of Florianópolis, in the Southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, and analyzing it in relation to the public policies related to that population. The minimum sample was determined by a statistical calculation, considering the population of the municipality with disabilities, according to data from the 2010 Population Census. The data were collected using an electronic form installed in mobile devices and stored at an online provider...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Sara de Souza Silva, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Maria Aparecida Turci, James Macinko, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa
This study compared the use of health services and medication, screening test coverage, characteristics of primary care, and health behaviors in 370 diabetics 45 years or older according to sources of care: private health policyholders regardless of place of residence; residents in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy; and individuals covered by a "traditional" Primary Care Unit. The study used data from the 2nd Adult Health Survey in Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region (2010), Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
October 20, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Maiara Bordignon, Maria Inês Monteiro
Objective: to reflect on the consequences of workplace violence experienced by nursing professionals. Methods: this is a reflection paper based on recent publications related to the subject, particularly researches carried out in Brazil and in other countries. Results: exposure to workplace violence has been associated with health problems in nursing professionals, which may be physical damage, emotional manifestations, and psychic disorders...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Kyonayra Quezia Duarte Brito, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Ricardo Alves de Olinda
Objective: to verify the prevalence of functional disability among older adults and how it can affect their health conditions and the regular practice of physical activities. Method: this is a household and cross-sectional study conducted with older adults of both sexes. We verified the variables associated with functional disability by Poisson's regression. Results: around 420 older adults participated in this study (68.1% of them being women)...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Leila Nikniaz, Zeinab Nikniaz
BACKGROUND: This population-based study aimed at investigating the prevalence and associated factors of prehypertension/hypertension in Iran. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The data (n = 2818) for this study were collected in 2015 as a part of the major Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) conducted in East Azerbaijan (urban and regional parts). The data for socio-demographic status, dietary information, and physical activity and anxiety levels were collected through validated questionnaires...
2016: PloS One
Tania Gallart-Aragón, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Eduardo Castro-Martín, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Antonio Cózar-Ibáñez, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has demonstrated high long-term effectiveness and major advantages over other techniques. The objective of this study was to analyze changes in physical fitness parameters in morbidly obese patients during 6 months after LSG. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a descriptive observational study with 6-month follow-up in 72 LSG patients, evaluating changes in body mass index (BMI), functional capacity (6-min walking test), hand grip strength (manual dynamometry), flexibility (fingertip-to-floor test), balance (Flamingo test), physical activity level (International Physical Activity Questionnaire, IPAQ), and perception of general physical fitness (International Fitness Scale [IFIS] questionnaire)...
October 25, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Carla Ferreira de Paula Gebara, Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri, Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Bhona, Marcel de Toledo Vieira, Lelio Moura Lourenço, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial factors associated with violence by women against their children, using a household survey. METHODS: Households in two neighborhoods in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with different socioeconomic profiles, were selected through probability sampling and surveyed. A total of 446 women with children up to 18 years of age were interviewed. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the CTSPC (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales), the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) were applied...
October 25, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Jana Pelclová, Karel Frömel, Emil Řepka, Ladislav Bláha, Aleš Suchomel, Igor Fojtík, Dana Feltlová, Petr Valach, Svatopluk Horák, Jiří Nykodým, Michal Vorlíček
Objective measured trend data are important for public health practice. However, these data are rare for an adult population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe time trends in pedometer-determined physical activity of Czech adults (25-65 years) from 2008 to 2013. Participants were Czech national citizens whose physical activity was assessed objectively using a Yamax Digiwalker SW-700 pedometer (Yamax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) for seven consecutive days in the period 2008 to 2013. The final sample was 4647 Czech adults [M age 41...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A A Suriawati, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Mohd Nahar Azmi Mohamed, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin
BACKGROUND: Dietary calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone development. Apart from diet, physical activity may potentially improve and sustain bone health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D, physical activity, and bone mineral content (BMC) in 13-year-old Malaysian adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Selected public secondary schools from the central and northern regions of Peninsular Malaysia...
October 24, 2016: Nutrients
Torsten Oliver Salge, David Antons, Patrick Cichy, J Nils Foege, Julian Hannen, Antje S J Huetten
BACKGROUND: It is now widely established that health care organizations are well advised not only to identify and act upon the concerns of all patient groups but also to encourage and enable them to voice their concerns in the first place. That said, research has begun to reveal that patients differ substantially in their readiness to complain, with many deciding to remain silent even after experiencing severe adverse events. Little research has explored whether patients at the margins (e...
October 25, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Julia König, Sabine Schmid, Eva Löser, Olaf Neumann, Stefan Buchholz, Ralph Kästner
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth in the last two decades. The literature on predictors of who develops posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) suggests that both vulnerability and birth factors have an influence, but many studies measure predictors and outcomes simultaneously. OBJECTIVE: In this context, we aimed to examine indirect and direct effects of predictors of PSS, which were measured longitudinally...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Mohamed D Hashem, Aparna Nallagangula, Swaroopa Nalamalapu, Krishidhar Nunna, Utkarsh Nausran, Karen A Robinson, Victor D Dinglas, Dale M Needham, Michelle N Eakin
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in patient outcomes following critical illness, with an increasing number and different types of studies conducted, and a need for synthesis of existing findings to help inform the field. For this purpose we conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies evaluating patient outcomes after hospital discharge for survivors of critical illness. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and CENTRAL databases from inception to June 2015...
October 26, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, Lynn Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in the perinatal period can impact negatively on women, their infants and families. Australian State and Territory governments are investing in routine psychosocial assessment and depression screening with referral to services and support, however, little is known about how well these services are used. The aim of this paper is to report on the health services used by women for their physical and mental health needs from pregnancy to 12 months after birth and to compare service use for women who have been identified in pregnancy as having moderate-high psychosocial risk with those with low psychosocial risk...
October 25, 2016: BMC Women's Health
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