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dural arteriovenous

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209459/progressive-subcortical-calcifications-secondary-to-venous-hypertension-in-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#1
Heather M Pascoe, Elaine H Lui, Peter Mitchell, Frank Gaillard
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are acquired lesions, with the most commonly reported findings on CT haemorrhage or focal oedema. We describe a case of progressive subcortical calcification on CT secondary to venous hypertension from a high grade dAVF.
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204584/angio-architectural-features-of-high-grade-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-correlation-with-aggressive-clinical-presentation-and-hemorrhagic-risk
#2
Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa, Paolo Parente, Francesco D'Argento, Alessandro Pedicelli, Carmelo Lucio Sturiale, Giovanni Sabatino, Alessio Albanese, Alfredo Puca, Eduardo Fernandez, Alessando Olivi, Enrico Marchese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203571/evolutionary-history-of-multiple-dural-fistula
#3
Braulio Martinez-Burbano, Edgar Patricio Correa Diaz, Carolina Jácome Sánchez
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are abnormal communications between arteries and veins or dural venous sinuses, which sit between the sheets of the dura. They represent 10% to 15% of intracranial vascular malformations. Clinical manifestations and prognosis depend on the pattern of venous drainage and location. The clinical presentation of DAVF may be mistaken for vascular or nonvascular brain pathologies. For that reason, within the differential diagnosis come a wide range of conditions, such as secondary headaches, encephalopathies, dementias including those with rapid progression, neurodegenerative diseases, inflammatory processes, or tumors typically at the orbital level or in the cavernous sinus...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187806/diagnosis-and-management-of-spinal-cord-emergencies
#4
E P Flanagan, S J Pittock
Most spinal cord injury is seen with trauma. Nontraumatic spinal cord emergencies are discussed in this chapter. These myelopathies are rare but potentially devastating neurologic disorders. In some situations prior comorbidity (e.g., advanced cancer) provides a clue, but in others (e.g., autoimmune myelopathies) it may come with little warning. Neurologic examination helps distinguish spinal cord emergencies from peripheral nervous system emergencies (e.g., Guillain-Barré), although some features overlap...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186472/clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcomes-of-spinal-epidural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#5
Deena M Nasr, Waleed Brinjikji, Michelle J Clarke, Giuseppe Lanzino
OBJECTIVE Spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas (SEDAVFs) constitute a rare but treatable cause of vascular myelopathy and are a different subtype from the more common Type I spinal dural AVFs. The purpose of this study was to review a consecutive series of SEDAVFs from a single institution and report on the clinical presentations, functional status, and treatment outcomes. METHODS The authors identified all SEDAVFs treated at their institution from 2005 to 2015. SEDAVFs were defined as spinal AVFs in which the fistulous connection occurred in the epidural venous plexus...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184352/spontaneous-aggressive-conversion-of-venous-drainage-pattern-in-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-treated-with-onyx-embolization
#6
Yeongu Chung, Seok Keun Choi, Sung Ho Lee, Eui Jong Kim
We report a case of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) that showed spontaneous conversion of venous drainage pattern from Borden type II to type III within a four month period of follow-up. Upon admission, the patient presented with aggravated neurologic status and newly developed seizure. After admission, endovascular embolization was performed through the middle meningeal artery with Onyx®. Complete obliteration of dural arteriovenous shunt was confirmed by angiography, and the patient's clinical symptoms improved...
December 2016: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184348/refractory-spontaneous-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-rare-presentation-of-an-intracranial-arteriovenous-fistula
#7
El Kim
The author has encountered a 67-year-old man with dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) presenting as a non-traumatic chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). This previously healthy patient was hospitalized due to progressive headache with subacute onset. He underwent burr-hole surgery twice for evacuating the left CSDH that was thickest at the posterior temporal area. The operative procedure and finding was not extraordinary, but subdural hematoma slowly progressed for days following the revision surgery. After investigation by super-selective external carotid angiography, a dural AVF found near the transverse-sigmoid sinus was diagnosed...
December 2016: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175490/157%C3%A2-open-and-endovascular-treatment-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae-a-10-year-experience
#8
Matthew Koch, Christopher J Stapleton, Pankaj Kumar Agarwalla, Collin M Torok, John H Shin, Jean-Valery Coumans, Lawrence F Borges, Christopher S Ogilvy, James D Rabinov, Aman B Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164000/spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-and-cecal-arteriovenous-malformation-in-a-boy
#9
Vimlesh Soni, Pankaj C Vaidya, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Mukesh Yadav, Pratibha Singhi
Concurrent spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and cecal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) are very rare. A 6-year old boy presented with lower limb paresis after trauma. On imaging work-up spinal dural AVF was found. It was managed with endovascular glue embolization. After two years, the boy presented with severe anemia and occult gastrointestinal tract (GIT) bleed. Cecal AVM was diagnosed and managed with embolization.
January 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163533/embolization-of-a-complex-posterior-fossa-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-with-precipitating-hydrophobic-injectable-liquid
#10
Dale Ding, Ben McGuinness, Stefan Brew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163497/successful-endovascular-neurosurgical-practice-in-resource-poor-exclusive-rural-neuro-hospital-setup
#11
Kamble Jayaprakash Harsha
AIM: The aim of this study to evaluate the feasibility of establishing endovascular neurosurgery in remote resource-poor neuro-hospital setup and evaluate its outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of diagnostic and therapeutic endovascular neurosurgical procedures performed during September 2013-June 2016. RESULTS: A total of 174 diagnostic cerebral and spinal digital subtraction angiograms and 70 major endovascular neurosurgeries were performed during the period...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161148/cognard-type-v-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-involving-the-occipital-sinus
#12
Jun Tanaka, Atsushi Fujita, Masahiro Maeyama, Masaaki Kohta, Kohkichi Hosoda, Eiji Kohmura
The Cognard type V dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF), which has a drainage route into the spinal vein, is a rare subtype of cranial dAVF. Because of typical features such as progressive myelopathy and brainstem dysfunctions, aggressive treatments should be considered. To eliminate venous congestion of the spinal cord, various approaches including surgical interruption of the spinal draining vein or transarterial embolization with cyanoacrylate have been reported. The introduction of nonadhesive Onyx has changed the treatment of dAVF, although little is known about the clinical usefulness of this type of fistula...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151094/spontaneous-resolution-of-ruptured-intracranial-pial-arteriovenous-fistula-following-spinal-surgery
#13
Mark K Lyons, Joseph M Hoxworth, Jamal McClendon, Chandan X Krishna, Naresh P Patel
Pial arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are rare vascular abnormalities that are distinct from arteriovenous malformations and dural AVFs. These vascular lesions have been linked with trauma, ischemic syndromes, venous thrombotic diseases, and intracranial surgical procedures. In this report we describe a case of an intracranial ruptured pial AVF immediately following uneventful spinal surgery in an elderly patient with subsequent spontaneous resolution. He was a previous heavy smoker with a 60-pack-year history and alcohol abuse...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150050/sudden-paraplegia-after-lumbar-puncture-as-a-clue-in-the-diagnosis-of-a-patient-with-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#14
Carmen García-Cabo, Germán Morís
PURPOSE: Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is manifested as congestive myelopathy with progressive motor, sensory and urinary symptoms. Sometimes, clinical picture and magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord are not specific and the diagnosis becomes troublesome. METHODS: We present a 68-year-old male with a progressive paraparesis of unknown etiology over the course of 12 months. Immediately after LP, the patient remarked a sudden worsening in muscular balance of his inferior limbs and a worsening of urinary retention...
February 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144775/clinical-and-angioarchitectural-factors-influencing-the-endovascular-approach-to-galenic-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-in-adults-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
José E Cohen, John Moshe Gomori, Gustavo Rajz, Iddo Paldor, Samuel Moscovici, Eyal Itshayek
BACKGROUND: Galenic dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) are rare; however, they are the most frequent type of DAVF to manifest aggressive clinical behavior and usually represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for clinicians. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical and imaging data of patients managed with neuroendovascular techniques for the treatment of galenic DAVFs from 2000 to 2016. We searched the 2000-2016 English-language literature for papers discussing neuroendovascular management of galenic DAVFs, with or without companion surgical procedures...
January 31, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141624/dilated-superior-ophthalmic-vein-clinical-and-radiographic-features-of-113-cases
#16
Christopher R Adam, Carol L Shields, Justin Gutman, H Joon Kim, Brent Hayek, John W Shore, Alexandra Braunstein, Flora Levin, Bryan J Winn, Ivan Vrcek, Ronald Mancini, Craig Linden, Christina Choe, Mithra Gonzalez, David Altschul, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez, Srinivasan Paramasivam, Johanna T Fifi, Alejandro Berenstein, Vikram Durairaj, Roman Shinder
PURPOSE: Dilated superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) is an uncommon radiographic finding. The authors review the presentation, etiology, radiography, and visual implications of 113 patients with dilated SOV. METHODS: An observational case series and multicenter retrospective chart review were conducted. There were 113 patients with a dilated SOV. Outcome measures included patient demographics, clinical features, radiographic findings, diagnosis, and treatment, and treatment outcomes were assessed...
January 30, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138079/infratentorial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-resulting-in-brainstem-edema-and-enhancement
#17
Bart J Emmer, Adriaan C G M van Es, Peter J Koudstaal, Stefan D Roosendaal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126751/application-of-time-resolved-3d-digital-subtraction-angiography-to-plan-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformation-radiosurgery
#18
K-K Chen, W-Y Guo, H-C Yang, C-J Lin, C-H F Wu, S Gehrisch, M Kowarschik, Y-T Wu, W-Y Chung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Time-resolved 3D-DSA (4D-DSA) enables viewing vasculature from any desired angle and time frame. We investigated whether these advantages may facilitate treatment planning and the feasibility of using 4D-DSA as a single imaging technique in AVM/dural arteriovenous fistula radiosurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients (8 dural arteriovenous fistulas and 12 AVMs; 13 men and 7 women; mean age, 45 years; range, 18-64 years) who were scheduled for gamma knife radiosurgery were recruited (November 2014 to October 2015)...
January 26, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111313/spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-is-there-a-role-for-intra-operative-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#19
Francesco Prada, Massimiliano Del Bene, Giuseppe Faragò, Francesco DiMeco
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative imaging during surgical ligation of a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is usually based on fluorescence angiography, intra-operative ultrasound with Doppler modality and intra-operative digital subtraction angiography. The aim of our work was to explore the potential role of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) during surgical management of SDAVF. SDAVF main features in CEUS prior to treatment are described together with their modifications after surgical ligation Case Description CEUS was performed using harmonic imaging with a second generation ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue) in a case of right D6 spinal dorsal arterio-venous fistula...
January 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106525/open-and-endovascular-treatment-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-10-year-experience
#20
Matthew J Koch, Christopher J Stapleton, Pankaj K Agarwalla, Collin Torok, John H Shin, Jean-Valery Coumans, Lawrence F Borges, Christopher S Ogilvy, James D Rabinov, Aman B Patel
OBJECTIVE Vascular malformations of the spine represent rare clinical entities with profound neurological implications. Previously reported studies on management strategies for spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (sDAVFs) appeared before the advent of modern liquid embolic agents. Authors of the present study review their institutional experience with endovascularly and surgically treated sDAVFs. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective, observational, single-center case series on sDAVFs treated with endovascular embolization, microsurgical occlusion, or both between 2004 and 2013...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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