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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771248/-i-direttori-delle-riviste-vanno-avanti-attenersi-ai-principi-accademici-adottare-trasparenza-e-rispetto-e-applicare-le-regole
#1
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Judit Dobránszki
Nonostante i cambiamenti in corso nell'ambito delle pubblicazioni scientifiche (STEM - scienza, tecnologia, ingegneria e medicina), è indubbio che i direttori delle riviste restano i più importanti custodi del processo editoriale. In questo articolo vengono analizzati i motivi per cui i direttori delle riviste devono continuare ad attenersi ai principi editoriali fondamentali e a utilizzare le nuove tecnologie digitali solo per dare forza al contenuto, ma non per sostituirlo nella sua qualità. Per raggiungere questo obiettivo, in un'epoca caratterizzata da controlli ed equilibri, i direttori delle riviste devono essere attentamente sorvegliati e ritenuti responsabili tanto quanto gli autori che essi stessi valutano...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766817/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-antibody-disease-and-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibodies
#2
Percy Balderia, Nicole Andeen, Jonathan Ashley Jefferson
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), so called "double-positive" (DP), have a different clinical presentation and outcome compared to patients with anti-GBM antibody disease alone. This study describes the clinical and histologic characteristics as well as the patient and renal outcomes of DP patients at the University of Washington compared to patients with anti-GBM antibody disease alone...
May 16, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762718/cell-penetrating-thiazole-peptides-inhibit-c-myc-expression-via-site-specific-targeting-of-c-myc-g-quadruplex
#3
Debasish Dutta, Manish Debnath, Diana Müller, Rakesh Paul, Tania Das, Irene Bessi, Harald Schwalbe, Jyotirmayee Dash
The structural differences among different G-quadruplexes provide an opportunity for site-specific targeting of a particular G-quadruplex structure. However, majority of G-quadruplex ligands described thus far show little selectivity among different G-quadruplexes. In this work, we delineate the design and synthesis of a crescent-shaped thiazole peptide that preferentially stabilizes c-MYC quadruplex over other promoter G-quadruplexes and inhibits c-MYC oncogene expression. Biophysical analysis such as Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) melting and fluorescence spectroscopy show that the thiazole peptide TH3 can selectively interact with the c-MYC G-quadruplex over other investigated G-quadruplexes and duplex DNA...
May 14, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759112/remodelling-of-mitochondria-during-spermiogenesis-of-chinese-soft-shelled-turtle-pelodiscus-sinensis
#5
Abdul Haseeb, Hong Chen, Yufei Huang, Ping Yang, Xuejing Sun, Adeela Iqbal, Nisar Ahmed, Taozhi Wang, Noor Samad Gandahi, Xuebing Bai, Qiusheng Chen
Mitochondria are vital cellular organelles that have the ability to change their shape under different conditions, such as in response to stress, disease, changes in metabolic rate, energy requirements and apoptosis. In the present study, we observed remodelling of mitochondria during spermiogenesis and its relationship with mitochondria-associated granules (MAG). At the beginning of spermiogenesis, mitochondria are characterised by their round shape. As spermiogenesis progresses, the round-shaped mitochondria change into elongated and then swollen mitochondria, subsequently forming a crescent-like shape and finally developing into onion-like shaped mitochondria...
May 15, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759047/histological-predictors-of-renal-outcome-in-lupus-nephritis-the-importance-of-tubulointerstitial-lesions-and-scoring-of-glomerular-lesions
#6
B Obrișcă, R Jurubiță, A Andronesi, B Sorohan, C Achim, R Bobeica, M Gherghiceanu, E Mandache, G Ismail
Introduction Lupus nephritis (LN) affects nearly 60% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and up to 30% of them will progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), despite receiving aggressive immunosuppressive therapy. The prognostic value of ISN/RPS classification is controversial. Therefore, we aimed to identify clinical and pathological predictors of outcome in LN patients independent of this classification. Material and methods Thirty-seven patients with LN who underwent percutaneous kidney biopsy between 1997 and 2016 were included in this study...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743678/genome-sequence-of-the-progenitor-of-wheat-a-subgenome-triticum-urartu
#7
Hong-Qing Ling, Bin Ma, Xiaoli Shi, Hui Liu, Lingli Dong, Hua Sun, Yinghao Cao, Qiang Gao, Shusong Zheng, Ye Li, Ying Yu, Huilong Du, Ming Qi, Yan Li, Hongwei Lu, Hua Yu, Yan Cui, Ning Wang, Chunlin Chen, Huilan Wu, Yan Zhao, Juncheng Zhang, Yiwen Li, Wenjuan Zhou, Bairu Zhang, Weijuan Hu, Michiel J T van Eijk, Jifeng Tang, Hanneke M A Witsenboer, Shancen Zhao, Zhensheng Li, Aimin Zhang, Daowen Wang, Chengzhi Liang
Triticum urartu (diploid, AA) is the progenitor of the A subgenome of tetraploid (Triticum turgidum, AABB) and hexaploid (Triticum aestivum, AABBDD) wheat1,2 . Genomic studies of T. urartu have been useful for investigating the structure, function and evolution of polyploid wheat genomes. Here we report the generation of a high-quality genome sequence of T. urartu by combining bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)-by-BAC sequencing, single molecule real-time whole-genome shotgun sequencing 3 , linked reads and optical mapping4,5 ...
May 9, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743598/development-and-assessment-of-a-predictive-nomogram-for-the-progression-of-iga-nephropathy
#8
Lin-Lin Liu, Lin-Bo Zhu, Jian-Nan Zheng, Tong-Dan Bi, Jian-Fei Ma, Li-Ning Wang, Li Yao
The present study is to establish a nomogram for predicting the prognosis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Of the 869 IgAN patients, four-fifths were randomly assigned to the development cohort and one-fifth to the validation cohort. The primary outcome was a composite event of either a ≥ 50% reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), end-stage renal disease or death. The mean follow-up time was 44 months. The Cox regression model identified urinary protein excretion (1-3.5 g/d, HR 11.639, 95% CI 3...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738576/distinct-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-elderly-onset-iga-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-with-nephritis-nationwide-cohort-study-of-data-from-the-japan-renal-biopsy-registry-j-rbr
#9
Hiroyuki Komatsu, Shouichi Fujimoto, Shoichi Maruyama, Masashi Mukoyama, Hitoshi Sugiyama, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Hiroshi Sato, Jun Soma, Junko Yano, Seiji Itano, Tomoya Nishino, Toshinobu Sato, Ichiei Narita, Hitoshi Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation and prognosis of adult and elderly patients with IgA vasculitis (Henoch-Schönlein purpura) accompanied by nephritis (IgAV-N) have not been investigated in detail. We therefore surveyed the features and outcomes of IgAV-N based on nationwide data derived from the Japan Renal Biopsy Registry (J-RBR). METHODS: This multi-center cohort study compared the clinicopathological parameters at diagnosis, initial therapies and outcomes between 106 adult (age 19-64 years) and 46 elderly (≥65 years) patients with IgAV-N who were registered in the J-RBR between 2007 and 2012...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738027/hydralazine-associated-adverse-events-a-report-of-two-cases-of-hydralazine-induced-anca-vasculitis
#10
Roman Zuckerman, Mayurkumar Patel, Eric J Costanzo, Harry Dounis, Rany Al Haj, Seyedehsara Seyedali, Arif Asif
Hydralazine is a direct-acting vasodilator, which has been used in treatment for hypertension (HTN) since the 1950s. While it is well known to cause drug-induced lupus (DIL), recent reports are indicating the emergence of the drug-induced anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (DIV). Herein, we describe two patients (aged 57 and 87 years) who presented with severe acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria, and hematuria. Both were receiving hydralazine for the treatment of hypertension...
May 7, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737368/-minimally-invasive-correction-of-lesser-toe-deformities-and-treatment-of-metatarsalgia
#11
REVIEW
M Thomas, M Jordan
OBJECTIVE: Atraumatic and joint-sparing procedure for the correction of lesser toe deformities by using a linear or perpendicular osteotomy of the proximal and/or middle phalanx of the lesser toes with additional capsulotomies or tendon dissection for soft tissue realignment. Metatarsalgia is addressed via an extracapsular distal metaphyseal crescentic-like metatarsal osteotomy. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic lesser toe deformities, painful pseudoexostosis, metatarsalgia, symptomatic metatarsal malalignment, metatarsus adductus...
May 8, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733413/urinary-angiotensinogen-an-indicator-of-active-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-glomerulonephritis
#12
Liling Wu, Manqiu Yang, Xiaogang Feng, Lingwei Jin, Chunyi Wu, Shuang Cui, Zhanmei Zhou, Xiaohong Zhong, Meng Shi, Zhichen Yang, Wei Cao
Background: One of the major challenges in improving the management of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) is the lack of a disease-specific indicator for histological lesions and disease activity. Here we tested the utility of urinary angiotensinogen (UAGT) as a biomarker of renal disease activity in ANCA-GN. Methods: A prospective, two-stage cohort study was performed in ANCA-GN patients. In Stage I, UAGT was measured at the time of renal biopsy in 69 patients from two centers (test set) and 25 patients from two other centers (validation set)...
May 4, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724226/a-validation-study-of-crescents-in-predicting-esrd-in-patients-with-iga-nephropathy
#13
Xiaoyan Zhang, Sufang Shi, Yan Ouyang, Meng Yang, Manman Shi, Xiaoxia Pan, Jicheng Lv, Zhaohui Wang, Hong Ren, Pingyan Shen, Weiming Wang, Hong Zhang, Jingyuan Xie, Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: A working group on the Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) recently reported that crescents detected in kidney tissue predicted a worse renal outcome. However, this finding must be validated in independent cohorts before it can be widely applied to clinical practice. METHODS: Biopsy-proven IgAN patients were continuously recruited from two large renal centers in China from 1989 to 2014. All patients were followed for more than 1 year unless end stage renal disease (ESRD) occurred within 12 months...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718866/tacrolimus-decreases-proteinuria-in-patients-with-refractory-iga-nephropathy
#14
Tingyang Hu, Qingquan Liu, Qing Xu, Hui Liu, Wenhui Qiu, Fei Huang, Shijie Zhang, Yongman Lv
In clinical practice, some IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients show resistance to or are unable to achieve complete remission using steroids and/or immunosuppressants. The current study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in the treatment of cases of refractory IgAN.In this retrospective observational study, 34 primary IgAN patients with refractory proteinuria received tacrolimus for at least 12 months. Complete remission, partial remission, and other clinical data were measured at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the initiation of treatment...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718591/glomerular-crescents-are-associated-with-worse-graft-outcome-in-allograft-iga-nephropathy
#15
Sehoon Park, Chung Hee Baek, Hyunjeong Cho, Mi-Yeon Yu, Yong Chul Kim, Heounjeong Go, Young Hoon Kim, Jung Pyo Lee, Sang Il Min, Jongwon Ha, Kyung Chul Moon, Yon Su Kim, Curie Ahn, Su-Kil Park, Hajeong Lee
The prognosis of patients with allograft IgA nephropathy (IgAN) requires further investigation. We performed a bi-center retrospective cohort study on kidney transplant recipients diagnosed with IgAN in allograft biopsy. Recipients without allograft IgAN but with known IgAN before transplantation were included as the control group. We investigated the associations between clinicopathological characteristics, including allograft crescents, and the risk of death-censored graft failure. In total, 1,256 IgAN patients in both pre- and post-transplant stages were included...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717936/different-effects-of-global-osteopontin-and-macrophage-osteopontin-in-glomerular-injury
#16
Jessica Trostel, Luan D Truong, Carlos A Roncal-Jimenez, Makoto Miyazaki, Shinobu Miyazaki-Anzai, Masanari Kuwabara, Rachel H McMahan, Ana Andres-Hernando, Yuka Sato, Thomas Jensen, Miguel A Lanaspa, Richard J Johnson, Gabriela E Garcia
Osteopontin (OPN) is a pro-and ant-inflammatory molecule that simultaneously attenuates oxidative stress. Both inflammation and oxidative stress play a role in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis and in the progression of kidney injury. Importantly, OPN is highly induced in nephritic kidney. To further characterize the role of OPN in kidney injury we used OPN-/- mice in anti-glomerular basement membrane reactive serum-induced immune nephritis (NTS), an inflammatory and progressive model of kidney disease...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715847/one-and-two-dimensional-modes-in-the-complex-ginzburg-landau-equation-with-a-trapping-potential
#17
Thawatchai Mayteevarunyoo, Boris A Malomed, Dmitry V Skryabin
We propose a new mechanism for the stabilization of confined modes in lasers and semiconductor microcavities holding exciton-polariton condensates, with spatially uniform linear gain, cubic loss, and cubic self-focusing or defocusing nonlinearity. We demonstrated that the commonly known background instability driven by the linear gain can be suppressed by a combination of a harmonic-oscillator trapping potential and effective diffusion. Systematic numerical analysis of one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) versions of the model reveals a variety of stable modes, including stationary ones, breathers, and quasi-regular patterns filling the trapping area in the 1D case...
April 2, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713903/ceratomyxa-gouletti-n-sp-myxosporea-ceratomyxidae-a-parasite-of-the-red-scorpionfish-scorpaena-scrofa-l-from-tunisian-waters
#18
Myriam Garbouj, Luís F Rangel, Maria J Santos, Sihem Bahri
Ceratomyxa gouletti n. sp. is a new parasite described from the gallbladder of the red scorpionfish Scorpaena scrofa (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae) collected from La Goulette in the Northeast of Tunisia. The parasite develops disporic plasmodia, elliptical to ovoid in shape, measuring up to 33.1 ± 3.6 (28.0-38.2) μm in length and 12.5 ± 2.1 (11.3-14.0) μm in width. Mature spores are elongated transversely and crescent-shaped with rounded ends and unequal shell valves, measuring 8.1 ± 1.27 (7...
May 1, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710048/okinawan-subtropical-plants-as-a-promising-resource-for-novel-chemical-treasury
#19
Katsuyoshi Matsunami, Hideaki Otsuka
The Okinawa Islands are a crescent-shaped archipelago and their natural forests hold a huge variety of unique subtropical plants with relatively high endemism. We have performed phytochemical study on Okinawan subtropical plants for many years. In this review, we describe our recent research progress on the isolation of new compounds and their various bioactivities.
2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709950/an-autopsy-case-of-myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-mpo-anca-associated-vasculitis-accompanied-by-cryoglobulinemic-vasculitis-affecting-the-kidneys-skin-and-gastrointestinal-tract
#20
Jumpei Hasegawa, Sachiko Wakai, Momoko Kono, Yusuke Imaizumi, Sakiko Masuda, Akihiro Ishizu, Kazuho Honda
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) -associated vasculitis (AAV) and cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV) rarely coexist. An 83-year-old woman was admitted with rapidly progressive renal failure, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and purpura with myeloperoxidase (MPO) -ANCA positivity and cryoglobulinemia. Despite intensive immunosuppressive treatment, she died of aspergillus pneumonia. Autopsy revealed necrotizing crescentic glomerulitis in the majority of the glomeruli, accompanied by partially membranoproliferative-like glomerular changes...
April 27, 2018: Internal Medicine
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