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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332696/a-comparison-of-plastic-cable-ties-based-on-physical-chemical-and-stable-isotopic-measurements
#1
Lisa M Nienaber, Sarah L Cresswell, James F Carter, Tony Peter
Plastic cable ties can be utilised in a range of serious criminal activities and a comparison of cable ties, or fragments, may form part of the physical evidence presented to a Court of law. This research assessed the potential value of evidence based on the analysis of plastic cable ties. Twenty packets of black coloured plastic cable ties (nominally 200mm×4.8mm) were purchased in pack sizes ranging from 25 to 100 individual cable ties (Brisbane, Australia, March 2015). Representative samples from each packet were visually examined, compared and tested to determine their physical dimensions, chemical compositions and stable isotopic compositions (δ2H, δ13C and δ15N)...
January 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323081/primary-signet-cell-adenocarcinoma-of-bladder
#2
Prateek Kinra, S P Rashmi, Aftab Alam, Harkirat Singh, S C Dash
Primary signet cell cancer of the urinary bladder is a relatively rare entity. Since there is no mucinous epithelium in the bladder, It is proposed that the tumor arises from metaplastic urothelium. Two thirds of the tumours are mucin secreting, in most of which the site of the deposition is either extracellular or intracellular displacing the nucleus to a peripheral crescent, giving the cells a signet ring appearance. The tumours are most often infiltrative and diffusely involving the majority of the bladder akin to its name sake in stomach...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319773/anca-positive-pauci-immune-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Percy Herrera-Añazco, Percy Velásquez-Castillo, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Germán Valenzuela-Rodriguez, Carmen Asato-Higa
The pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis (PICGN) is generally associated with small-vessel vasculitis with a few reported cases associated with other autoimmune diseases such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). We present the case of a female 34-year-old patient with acute kidney injury symptoms with indication for renal replacement therapy in the context of clinical SLE diagnosis. A kidney biopsy was conducted and it was found that most glomeruli showed some segmental sclerosis with synechia to the Bowman's capsule...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312752/adult-echocardiographic-nomograms-overview-critical-review-and-creation-of-a-software-for-automatic-fast-and-easy-calculation-of-normal-values
#4
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Marco Paterni, Daniel Saura, Marco Scalese, Eliana Franchi, Nadia Assanta, Martin Koestenberg, Raluca Dulgheru, Tadafumi Sugimoto, Anne Bernard, Luis Caballero, Patrizio Lancellotti
There is a crescent interest on normal adult echocardiographic values and the introduction of new deformation imaging and 3D parameters pose the issue of normative data. A multitude of nomograms has been recently published, however data are often fragmentary, difficult to find, and their strengths/limitations have been never evaluated. AIMS: (I) to provide a review of current echocardiographic nomograms; (II) to generate a tool for easy and fast access to these data. A literature search was conducted accessing the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: 2D/3D echocardiography, strain, left/right ventricle, atrial, mitral/tricuspid valve, aorta, reference values/nomograms/normal values...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306508/a-virus-like-particle-vaccine-candidate-for-influenza-a-virus-based-on-multiple-conserved-antigens-presented-on-hepatitis-b-tandem-core-particles
#5
Alejandro Ramirez, Stephen Morris, Sophie Maucourant, Isabella D'Ascanio, Vincenzo Crescente, I-Na Lu, Sophie Farinelle, Claude P Muller, Michael Whelan, William Rosenberg
Existing Influenza A virus (IAV) vaccines target variable parts of the virus that may change between seasons. Vaccine design relies on predicting the predominant circulating influenza strains but when there is a mismatch between vaccine and circulating strains, efficacy is sub-optimal. Furthermore, current approaches provide limited protection against emerging influenza strains that may cause pandemics. One solution is to design vaccines that target conserved protein domains of influenza, which remain largely unchanged over time and are likely to be found in emergent variants...
January 3, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290133/assessment-of-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-of-an-articulating-expandable-interbody-cage-in-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-spondylolisthesis
#6
Lara W Massie, Hesham Mostafa Zakaria, Lonni R Schultz, Azam Basheer, Morenikeji Ayodele Buraimoh, Victor Chang
OBJECTIVE The inability to significantly improve sagittal parameters has been a limitation of minimally invasive surgery for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF). Traditional cages have a limited capacity to restore lordosis. This study evaluates the use of a crescent-shaped articulating expandable cage (Altera) for MIS TLIF. METHODS This is a retrospective review of 1- and 2-level MIS TLIF. Radiographic outcomes included differences in segmental and lumbar lordosis, disc height, evidence of fusion, and any endplate violations...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285431/acute-kidney-injury-aggravated-by-treatment-initiation-with-apixaban-another-twist-of-anticoagulant-related-nephropathy
#7
Sergey V Brodsky, Nilesh S Mhaskar, Sampath Thiruveedi, Rajnish Dhingra, Sharon C Reuben, Edward Calomeni, Iouri Ivanov, Anjali Satoskar, Jessica Hemminger, Gyongyi Nadasdy, Lee Hebert, Brad Rovin, Tibor Nadasdy
Anticoagulant-related nephropathy (ARN) was initially described in patients on warfarin (as warfarin-related nephropathy) and recently in those using dabigatran. Herein, we report clinical history and kidney biopsy findings in a patient on apixaban (Eliquis). Initiation of treatment with apixaban resulted in aggravation of preexisting mild acute kidney injury (AKI). A few days after apixaban therapy, the patient became oligoanuric, and kidney biopsy showed severe acute tubular necrosis with numerous occlusive red blood cell casts...
December 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285157/serum-creatinine-level-and-esr-values-associated-to-clinical-pathology-types-and-prognosis-of-patients-with-renal-injury-caused-by-anca-associated-vasculitis
#8
Hongda Liang, Miaomiao Xin, Lei Zhao, Liqin Wang, Mingshu Sun, Jibo Wang
The correlation between serum creatinine and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) values and clinical pathology and prognosis in patients with renal injury caused by anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis were analyzed. Eighty-six patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University were enrolled in the study. Patients were assigned into an elderly group (n=45) or a non-elderly group (n=41) according to age. The serum creatinine (Scr) level was measured via the sarcosine oxidase method, and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was measured using the full-automatic ESR analyzer; the relationship between Scr and ESR values and the pathology type of patients was statistically analyzed...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276101/cd44-is-required-for-the-pathogenesis-of-experimental-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-and-collapsing-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#9
Jennifer Eymael, Shagun Sharma, Markus A Loeven, Jack F Wetzels, Fieke Mooren, Sandrine Florquin, Jeroen K Deegens, Brigith K Willemsen, Vikram Sharma, Toin H van Kuppevelt, Marinka A Bakker, Tammo Ostendorf, Marcus J Moeller, Henry B Dijkman, Bart Smeets, Johan van der Vlag
A key feature of glomerular diseases such as crescentic glomerulonephritis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is the activation, migration and proliferation of parietal epithelial cells. CD44-positive activated parietal epithelial cells have been identified in proliferative cellular lesions in glomerular disease. However, it remains unknown whether CD44-positive parietal epithelial cells contribute to the pathogenesis of scarring glomerular diseases. Here, we evaluated this in experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis and the transgenic anti-Thy1...
December 21, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275837/plasticity-and-heterogeneity-of-th17-in-immune-mediated-kidney-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Christian F Krebs, Ulf Panzer
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmatic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) glomerulonephritis and lupus nephritis are the most common causes of rapid progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) in the Western world. These aggressive forms of autoimmune kidney diseases significantly contribute to end-stage renal disease and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Moreover, patients show significant heterogeneity with respect to clinical outcome and response to therapy...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274331/pharmacokinetics-disease-modifying-activity-and-safety-of-an-experimental-therapeutic-targeting-an-immunological-isoform-of-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-in-rat-glomerulonephritis
#11
Werner Höllriegl, Alexander Bauer, Bernhard Baumgartner, Barbara Dietrich, Patrice Douillard, Randolf J Kerschbaumer, Gerald Höbarth, Jeffrey S McKee, Alexander Schinagl, Frederick W K Tam, Michael Thiele, Alfred Weber, Martin Wolfsegger, Marietta Turecek, Eva-Maria Muchitsch, Friedrich Scheiflinger, Helmut Glantschnig
New therapeutic agents are needed to overcome the toxicity and suboptimal efficacy observed in current treatment of glomerulonephritis (GN). BaxB01 is a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting a disease-related immunologically distinct isoform of Macrophage migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF), designated oxidized MIF (oxMIF) and locally expressed in inflammatory conditions. We report the pharmacokinetic profile of BaxB01, and its dose and exposure-related disease-modifying activity in experimentally induced rat GN...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258713/1-5-disubstituted-1-2-3-triazole-linked-disaccharides-metal-free-syntheses-and-screening-of-a-new-class-of-ribonuclease-a-inhibitors
#12
Anirban Kayet, Dhrubajyoti Datta, Ashrukana Das, Swagata Dasgupta, Tanmaya Pathak
1,5-Regioisomeric triazole linked disaccharides have been synthesized and screened for their inhibitory properties against ribonuclease A (RNase A). The angular constraint-driven 'crescent shaped' inhibitors accommodated themselves into the enzyme active site. An improved enzyme inhibition was observed with increased H-bonding ability of polar functional groups in the modified disaccharides. In this series, introduction of two carboxyl groups in the furanose rings elicited the best result with an inhibition constant of 50 ± 3 µM...
December 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248657/comprehensive-cardiac-ct-with-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-versus-functional-testing-in-suspected-coronary-artery-disease-the-multicenter-randomized-crescent-ii-trial
#13
Marisa Lubbers, Adriaan Coenen, Marcel Kofflard, Tobias Bruning, Bas Kietselaer, Tjebbe Galema, Marc Kock, Andre Niezen, Marco Das, Marco van Gent, Ewout-Jan van den Bos, Leon van Woerkens, Paul Musters, Suze Kooij, Fay Nous, Ricardo Budde, Miriam Hunink, Koen Nieman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and safety of a tiered, comprehensive cardiac computed tomography (CT) protocol in comparison with functional testing. BACKGROUND: Although CT angiography accurately rules out coronary artery disease (CAD), incorporation of CT myocardial perfusion imaging as part of a tiered diagnostic approach could improve the clinical value and efficiency of cardiac CT in the diagnostic work-up of patients with angina pectoris...
December 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248643/the-shape-of-imaging-in-the-future-lessons-learned-from-the-crescent-ii-trial
#14
EDITORIAL
Leslee J Shaw, Jagat Narula, Y Chandrashekhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245687/a-new-species-of-i-chiridota-i-echinodermata-holothuroidea-apodida-chiridotidae-from-japan-and-first-record-of-i-c-rigida-i-from-japan
#15
Yusuke Yamana, Hayato Tanaka
A new apodid sea cucumber, Chiridota impatiens sp. nov., is described from the intertidal zone of Okinawa, Japan, and C. rigida Semper, 1867 is also described from the intertidal zone of Wakayama, as new to Japan. C. impatiens sp. nov. is approximately 60-70 mm, with 12 tentacles and 4-7 pairs of digits per tentacle, red or reddish brown in living specimens. The tentacles contain curved rod ossicles, with spinous processes and many branches in C. rigida, however, in C. impatiens sp. nov., the curved rod ossicles are crescent-shaped, sometimes distally, with spinous processes and rarely a few branches on the circumference...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234080/genomic-diversity-and-macroecology-of-the-crop-wild-relatives-of-domesticated-pea
#16
Petr Smýkal, Iveta Hradilová, Oldřich Trněný, Jan Brus, Abhishek Rathore, Michael Bariotakis, Roma Rani Das, Debjyoti Bhattacharyya, Christopher Richards, Clarice J Coyne, Stergios Pirintsos
There is growing interest in the conservation and utilization of crop wild relatives (CWR) in international food security policy and research. Legumes play an important role in human health, sustainable food production, global food security, and the resilience of current agricultural systems. Pea belongs to the ancient set of cultivated plants of the Near East domestication center and remains an important crop today. Based on genome-wide analysis, P. fulvum was identified as a well-supported species, while the diversity of wild P...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227515/a-novel-corneal-remodeling-technique-for-the-management-of-keratoconus
#17
Cesar Carriazo, Maria Jose Cosentino
PURPOSE: To describe a novel technique to reshape the ectatic cornea by means of crescent keratectomy performed with an excimer laser using a mask. METHODS: A crescent-shaped perforation at the base of the mask allowed the laser ablation to be directed only to the intended region, shielding the remaining cornea. This technique was performed in 3 eyes of 3 patients with keratoconus grade 2 to 3. Arcs of 180° and 360° had been performed depending on the severity of the keratoconus...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217879/iga-dominant-infection-related-glomerulonephritis-in-india-a-single-center-experience
#18
J Dhanapriya, T Balasubramaniyan, S P Maharajan, T Dineshkumar, R Sakthirajan, N Gopalakrishnan, M Nagarajan
IgA-dominant infection-related glomerulonephritis (IRGN) is a distinct morphologic variant of IRGN, characterized by dominant or codominant glomerular deposits of IgA, mostly in elderly and patients with diabetes. More cases are being reported in recent times due to increased awareness of the disease entity and increased rate of Staphylococcus infection. It usually presents as rapidly progressive renal failure with proteinuria, and treatment guidelines for this disease entity are not well defined. We report here 12 cases of IgA-dominant IRGN seen over a period of 5 years from a single center...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207754/clinicopathological-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-diffuse-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-a-single-center-experience-from-southern-india
#19
Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana, Srinivas Kosuru, Rajeevalochana Parthasarathy, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Dharshan Rangaswamy, Uday Venkat Matteti, Vasudeva Guddattu
Introduction: Diffuse Crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN) is characterized by rapidly progressive renal failure and has grave prognosis. There is significant regional and temporal variation in aetiology, prevalence and prognosis of diffuse crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN) with limited data available in adult Indian population. Aim: This study aims to identify the aetiology, clinico-pathological features and outcomes of diffuse CrGN in south Indian population...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202929/live-imaging-of-heart-tube-development-in-mouse-reveals-alternating-phases-of-cardiac-differentiation-and-morphogenesis
#20
Kenzo Ivanovitch, Susana Temiño Valbuena, Miguel Torres
During vertebrate heart development two progenitor populations, first and second heart fields (FHF, SHF), sequentially contribute to longitudinal subdivisions of the heart tube (HT), with the FHF contributing the left ventricle and part of the atria, and the SHF the rest of the heart. Here we study the dynamics of cardiac differentiation and morphogenesis by tracking individual cells in live analysis of mouse embryos. We report that during an initial phase, FHF precursors differentiate rapidly to form a cardiac crescent, while limited morphogenesis takes place...
December 5, 2017: ELife
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