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MDD and predictors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068613/behavioral-activation-treatment-for-major-depression-a-randomized-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-augmentation-with-cognitive-control-training
#1
Samantha J Moshier, Michael W Otto
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with hypoactivation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, a brain region involved in emotion regulation and basic cognitive control processes. Recent studies have indicated that computerized interventions designed to activate this region may reduce depressive and ruminative symptoms. In this double-blind randomized controlled trial, we tested whether one such program, called Cognitive Control Training (CCT), enhanced treatment outcomes when used in adjunct to brief behavior therapy for MDD...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068461/a-new-prediction-model-for-evaluating-treatment-resistant-depression
#2
Alexander Kautzky, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Georg S Kranz, Thomas Vanicek, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Despite a broad arsenal of antidepressants, about a third of patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) do not respond sufficiently to adequate treatment. Using the data pool of the Group for the Study of Resistant Depression and machine learning, we intended to draw new insights featuring 48 clinical, sociodemographic, and psychosocial predictors for treatment outcome. METHOD: Patients were enrolled starting from January 2000 and diagnosed according to DSM-IV...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033521/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Felipe Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip Ward, Thaís Reichert, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Roberta Bgeginski, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with major depressive disorder (MDD). AIMS: Investigate levels of PA and SB and their predictors in people with MDD. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from inception till 04/2016 for articles measuring PA and SB with a self-report questionnaire (SRQ) or objective measure (e...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997229/incidence-of-mental-health-diagnoses-in-veterans-of-operations-iraqi-freedom-enduring-freedom-and-new-dawn-2001-2014
#4
Christine Ramsey, James Dziura, Amy C Justice, Hamada Hamid Altalib, Harini Bathulapalli, Matthew Burg, Suzanne Decker, Mary Driscoll, Joseph Goulet, Sally Haskell, Joseph Kulas, Karen H Wang, Kristen Mattocks, Cynthia Brandt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate gender, age, and race/ethnicity as predictors of incident mental health diagnoses among Operations Iraqi Freedom, Enduring Freedom, and New Dawn veterans. METHODS: We used US Veterans Health Administration (VHA) electronic health records from 2001 to 2014 to examine incidence rates and sociodemographic risk factors for mental health diagnoses among 888 142 veterans. RESULTS: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was the most frequently diagnosed mental health condition across gender and age groups...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994930/cortisol-and-hippocampal-volume-as-predictors-of-active-suicidal-behavior-in-major-depressive-disorder-case-report
#5
Theodor Moica, Iosif Gabos Grecu, Sorina Moica, Marieta Gabos Grecu, Gabriela Elena Buicu
BACKGROUND: Suicide is frequently encountered in patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD). Since only a third of treated depressed patients are able to achieve remission, in the last few years, new theories have been proposed to better understand the mechanism of this illness. Our paper analyzes the interrelation between cortisol as a marker of neuroendocrine theory as a response to stress, and hippocampal volume subfields in depression as a marker of neurogenesis and neuroplasticity theory...
November 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966645/divergent-topological-architecture-of-the-default-mode-network-as-a-pretreatment-predictor-of-early-antidepressant-response-in-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Zhenghua Hou, Zan Wang, Wenhao Jiang, Yingying Yin, Yingying Yue, Yuqun Zhang, Xiaopeng Song, Yonggui Yuan
Identifying a robust pretreatment neuroimaging marker would be helpful for the selection of an optimal therapy for major depressive disorder (MDD). We recruited 82 MDD patients [n = 42 treatment-responsive depression (RD) and n = 40 non-responding depression (NRD)] and 50 healthy controls (HC) for this study. Based on the thresholded partial correlation matrices of 58 specific brain regions, a graph theory approach was applied to analyse the topological properties. When compared to HC, both RD and NRD patients exhibited a lower nodal degree (Dnodal) in the left anterior cingulate gyrus; as for RD, the Dnodal of the left superior medial orbitofrontal gyrus was significantly reduced, but the right inferior orbitofrontal gyrus was increased (all P < 0...
December 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936439/symptoms-of-prolonged-grief-post-traumatic-stress-and-depression-after-loss-in-a-dutch-community-sample-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
A A A Manik J Djelantik, Geert E Smid, Rolf J Kleber, Paul A Boelen
Mental health problems following loss can manifest as heterogeneous symptomatology that may include symptoms of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). However, the co-occurrence of symptoms of these three disorders is still only partially explored. The aims of this study were to identify subgroups (i.e., classes) in a Dutch sample of bereaved individuals, based on severity and/or co-occurrence of symptoms and to identify predictors for these subgroups, taking into account all three disorders...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888722/a-pilot-study-on-predictors-of-brainstem-raphe-abnormality-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Milutin Kostić, Ana Munjiza, Danilo Pesic, Amir Peljto, Ivana Novakovic, Valerija Dobricic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski, Milija Mijajlovic
BACKGROUND: Hypo/anechogenicity of the brainstem raphe (BR) structures has been suggested as a possible transcranial parenchymal sonography (TCS) marker associated with depression. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze possible association of the abnormal BR echogenicity in patients with major depression when compared to healthy controls, and to evaluate its clinical and genetic correlates. METHODS: TCS was performed in 53 patients diagnosed as major depressive disorder (MDD) without psychotic symptoms and in 54 healthy matched controls...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886569/effects-of-a-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-course-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#9
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) referred for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) have poorer Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL), compared with other patients with MDD, but ECT is associated with significant and durable improvement in HRQOL. However, no prior research has focused exclusively on elderly patients with MDD receiving ECT. METHODS: HRQOL data from 240 depressed patients over the age of 60 was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863710/predictors-of-remission-from-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Kristen M Kelly, Briana Mezuk
BACKGROUND: The predictors of onset of major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are well-characterized. However the factors that predict remission from these conditions are less clear, and the study of this area is further complicated by differing definitions of remission. METHODS: Data come from the National Comorbidity Survey - Replication, and analysis was limited to respondents with a lifetime history of GAD (n=621) or MDD (n=1299) assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835721/functional-recovery-in-major-depressive-disorder-focus-on-early-optimized-treatment
#11
Jeffrey Habert, Martin A Katzman, Oloruntoba J Oluboka, Roger S McIntyre, Diane McIntosh, Glenda M MacQueen, Atul Khullar, Roumen V Milev, Kevin D Kjernisted, Pratap R Chokka, Sidney H Kennedy
Objective: This article presents the case that a more rapid, individualized approach to treating major depressive disorder (MDD) may increase the likelihood of achieving full symptomatic and functional recovery for individual patients and that studies show it is possible to make earlier decisions about appropriateness of treatment in order to rapidly optimize that treatment. Data Sources: A PubMed search was conducted using terms including major depressive disorder, early improvement, predictor, duration of untreated illness, and function...
September 1, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822942/do-somatic-symptoms-predict-the-severity-of-depression-a-validation-study-of-the-korean-version-of-the-depression-and-somatic-symptoms-scale
#12
Sang Won Jeon, Seo Young Yoon, Young Hoon Ko, Sook Haeng Joe, Yong Ku Kim, Changsu Han, Ho Kyoung Yoon, Chia Yih Liu
This study aimed at exploring the psychometric characteristics of the Korean Version of the Depression and Somatic Symptoms Scale (DSSS) in a clinical sample, and investigating the impact of somatic symptoms on the severity of depression. Participants were 203 consecutive outpatients with current major depressive disorders (MDD) or lifetime diagnosis of MDD. The DSSS was compared with the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and the 17-items Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). The DSSS showed a two-factor structure that accounted for 56...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811136/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factors-in-taiwanese-patients-with-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-first-episode-major-depressive-disorder-effects-of-antidepressants
#13
Yu-Jie Chiou, Tiao-Lai Huang
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factors are known to be related to the psychopathology of major depressive disorder. However, studies focusing on drug-naïve first-episode patients are still rare. METHODS: Over a 6-year period, we examined the serum brain-derived neurotrophic factors levels in patients with first-episode drug-naïve major depressive disorder and compared them with sex-matched healthy controls. We also investigated the relationships between serum brain-derived neurotrophic factors levels, suicidal behavior, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores before and after a 4-week antidepressant treatment...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792971/predictors-of-new-onset-depressive-disorders-results-from-the-longitudinal-finnish-health-2011-study
#14
Niina Markkula, Niko Marola, Tarja Nieminen, Seppo Koskinen, Samuli I Saarni, Tommi Härkänen, Jaana Suvisaari
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for depression is important for understanding etiological mechanisms and targeting preventive efforts. No prior studies have compared risk factors of dysthymia and major depressive disorder (MDD) in a longitudinal setting. METHODS: Predictors of new-onset MDD and dysthymia were examined in a longitudinal general population study (Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys, BRIF8901). 4057 persons free of depressive disorders at baseline were followed up for 11 years...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786144/predicting-relapse-after-antidepressant-withdrawal-a-systematic-review
#15
I M Berwian, H Walter, E Seifritz, Q J M Huys
A substantial proportion of the burden of depression arises from its recurrent nature. The risk of relapse after antidepressant medication (ADM) discontinuation is high but not uniform. Predictors of individual relapse risk after antidepressant discontinuation could help to guide treatment and mitigate the long-term course of depression. We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed to identify relapse predictors using the search terms '(depress* OR MDD*) AND (relapse* OR recurren*) AND (predict* OR risk) AND (discontinu* OR withdraw* OR maintenance OR maintain or continu*) AND (antidepress* OR medication OR drug)' for published studies until November 2014...
October 27, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770740/escitalopram-but-not-placebo-modulates-brain-rhythmic-oscillatory-activity-in-the-first-week-of-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Andrew F Leuchter, Aimee M Hunter, Felipe A Jain, Molly Tartter, Caroline Crump, Ian A Cook
Serotonin modulates brain oscillatory activity, and serotonergic projections to the thalamus and cortex modulate the frequency of prefrontal rhythmic oscillations. Changes in serotonergic tone have been reported to shift oscillations between the combined delta-theta (2.5-8 Hz) and the alpha (8-12 Hz) frequency ranges. Such frequency shifts may constitute a useful biomarker for the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). We utilized quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) to measure shifts in prefrontal rhythmic oscillations early in treatment with either the SSRI escitalopram or placebo, and examined the relationship between these changes and remission of depressive symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760534/broader-conceptualization-of-remission-assessed-by-the-remission-from-depression-questionnaire-and-its-association-with-symptomatic-remission-a-prospective-multicenter-observational-study
#17
Alonso Montoya, Jeremie Lebrec, Karen Mary Keane, Irene Fregenal, Antonio Ciudad, Ángel Moríñigo, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Irene Romera, Inmaculada Gilaberte, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Goals of treating major depressive disorder (MDD) include achieving remission and avoiding relapse. It is possible that patients may have a broader view of remission than what is captured via clinician-rated scales. This patient perspective may, in turn, have an impact on treatment outcomes. METHODS: The association between a broader conceptualization of remission, based on the Remission from Depression Questionnaire (RDQ) score at baseline, and being in symptomatic remission after 6 months was evaluated in subjects (N = 613) with MDD in symptomatic remission at baseline (17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAMD-17] ≤7)...
October 19, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756525/fronto-limbic-effective-connectivity-as-possible-predictor-of-antidepressant-response-to-ssri-administration
#18
Benedetta Vai, Chiara Bulgarelli, Beata R Godlewska, Philip J Cowen, Francesco Benedetti, Catherine J Harmer
The timely selection of the optimal treatment for depressed patients is critical to improve remission rates. The detection of pre-treatment variables able to predict differential treatment response may provide novel approaches for treatment selection. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) modulate the fronto-limbic functional response and connectivity, an effect preceding the overt clinical antidepressant effects. Here we investigated whether the cortico-limbic connectivity associated with emotional bias measured before SSRI administration predicts the efficacy of antidepressant treatment in MDD patients...
December 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722834/incidence-and-persistence-of-major-depressive-disorder-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-uganda
#19
Eugene Kinyanda, Helen A Weiss, Jonathan Levin, Noeline Nakasujja, Harriet Birabwa, Juliet Nakku, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Ricardo Araya, Vikram Patel
Data on the course of major depressive disorder (MDD) among people living with HIV (PLWH) are needed to inform refinement of screening and interventions for MDD. This paper describes the incidence and persistence rate of MDD in PLWH in Uganda. 1099 ART-naïve PLWH attending HIV clinics in Uganda were followed up for 12 months. MDD was assessed using the DSM IV based Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview with a prevalence for MDD at baseline of 14.0 % (95 % CI 11.7-16.3 %) reported. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine predictors of incident and persistent MDD...
October 8, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693981/anxious-distress-predicts-subsequent-treatment-outcome-and-side-effects-in-depressed-patients-starting-antidepressant-treatment
#20
Roxanne Gaspersz, Femke Lamers, Justine M Kent, Aartjan T F Beekman, Johannes H Smit, Albert M van Hemert, Robert A Schoevers, Brenda W J H Penninx
Evidence has shown that the DSM-5 anxious distress specifier captures a clinically valid construct that predicts a worse clinical course. Although of importance for treatment planning and monitoring, however, the specifier's ability to predict treatment outcome is unknown. This is the first study to examine the ability of the DSM-5 anxious distress specifier to predict treatment response and side effects in depressed patients who recently initiated antidepressant treatment. Patients were from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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