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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087892/editorial-comment-to-clinical-characteristics-of-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-in-patients-aged-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-large-scale-study-from-the-cancer-registration-committee-of-the-japanese-urological-association
#1
Takeshi Kishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#2
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086825/toxicity-and-quality-of-life-report-of-a-phase-ii-study-of-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-sbrt-for-low-and-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer
#3
Matthew J Boyer, Michael A Papagikos, Rex Kiteley, Zeljko Vujaskovic, Jackie Wu, W Robert Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical data indicates that delivery of larger daily doses of radiation may improve the therapeutic ratio for prostate cancer compared to conventional fractionation. A phase II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy with real-time motion management and daily plan re-optimization for low to intermediate risk prostate cancer was undertaken to evaluate this hypothesis. This report details the toxicity and quality of life following treatment. METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, 60 patients with T1-T2c prostate cancer with a Gleason score of 6 and PSA ≤ 15 or Gleason score of 7 and PSA ≤ 10 were enrolled...
January 13, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081354/is-there-a-difference-between-parkinson-disease-patients-and-a-control-group-in-terms-of-urinary-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#4
Erdal Benli, Fahriye Feriha Özer, Yasemin Kaya, Tuba Şaziye Özcan, Ali Ayyıldız
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study is to research whether urinary symptoms and disruption of quality of life observed in Parkinson disease patients are different than those of their healthy peers. Additionally, whether these complaints were affected by characteristics such as age at onset of Parkinson disease, sex, disease duration, and severity was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised a total of 79 individuals, 39 Parkinson patients and a control group of 40 individuals...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081324/treatment-efficacy-and-superinfection-rates-in-complicated-urinarytract-infections-treated-with-ertapenem-or-piperacillin-tazobactam
#5
Murat Dizbay, Hasan Selçuk Özger, Ömer Karaşahin, Emine Fusun Karaşahin
BACKGROUND/AIM: In this retrospective study, the efficacy of ertapenem and piperacillin tazobactam was compared in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs). Treatment responses were also evaluated for both antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 230 patients were enrolled in the study. Of these, 170 received ertapenem and 60 received piperacillin-tazobactam. RESULTS: In both groups, urine cultures after 48 h were negative for the initial uropathogen...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079470/rise-in-ambient-temperature-predisposes-aging-male-japanese-patients-to-renal-colic-episodes-due-to-upper-urolithiasis
#6
Osamu Ichiyanagi, Hiroki Fukuhara, Sei Naito, Hayato Nishida, Toshihiko Sakurai, Masayuki Kurokawa, Hiromi Ito, Hiroshi Kakizaki, Akinori Muto, Yuichi Adachi, Tomoyuki Kato, Akira Nagaoka, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common urological problem, and its incidence has been increasing worldwide, including in Japan. Relationships between stone etiology and rise in ambient temperature have been reported, but it remains unclear how age and gender affect these relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective examination was conducted of the medical archives of 1005 patients (aged ≥15 years) with acute renal colic diagnosed with urolithiasis upon image examination who consecutively visited emergency departments in three hospitals...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078423/-sexual-medicine-in-daily-practice-germany-wide-questionnaire-of-urologists
#7
I Schloegl, F-M Koehn, K M Beier, H A G Bosinski, A Dinkel, J E Gschwend, K Herkommer
BACKGROUND: Sexual-related problems are very prevalent. Physicians of different disciplines are frequently contacted by men with those problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of sexual medicine in daily practice and to evaluate German urologists' need for further training in this field with a focus on gender-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five-page questionnaire included questions about sexual medicine in daily practice...
January 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078361/infix-versus-plating-for-pelvic-fractures-with-disruption-of-the-symphysis-pubis
#8
Rahul Vaidya, Adam Jonathan Martin, Matthew Roth, Kerellos Nasr, Petra Gheraibeh, Frederick Tonnos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare INFIX to plating in the treatment of unstable pelvic ring injuries with disruption of the symphysis. METHODS: Twenty-four patients treated with INFIX were compared to 28 patients fixed by plating. All patients had anterior and posterior fixation. Injuries were classified using the Young and Burgess and AO/OTA classification systems. Reductions of the pelvic ring were assessed using the pelvic deformity index (PDI) and symphyseal widening...
January 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078330/pheochromocytoma-in-urologic-practice
#9
Nikhil Waingankar, Gennady Bratslavsky, Camilo Jimenez, Paul Russo, Alexander Kutikov
CONTEXT: Pheochromocytoma is regularly encountered in urological practice and requires a thoughtful and careful clinical approach. OBJECTIVE: To review clinical aspects of management of pheochromocytoma in urologic practice. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of English-language literature was performed through year 2015 using the Medline database. Manuscripts were selected with consensus of the coauthors and evaluated using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
February 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075651/imaging-characteristics-of-prostate-cancer-patients-who-discontinued-active-surveillance-on-3-t-multiparametric-prostate-mri
#10
David J Habibian, Corinne C Liu, Alex Dao, Kaitlin E Kosinski, Aaron E Katz
OBJECTIVE: Early-stage prostate cancer may be followed with active surveillance to avoid overtreatment. Our institution's active surveillance regimen uses annual MRI in place of serial biopsies, and biopsies are performed only when clinically necessary. The objective of our study was to report the multiparametric MRI characteristics of prostate cancer patients who discontinued active surveillance at our institution after repeat imaging revealed possible evidence of tumor upgrading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Department of Urology at Winthrop University Hospital prospectively maintains a database of prostate cancer patients who are monitored with active surveillance...
January 11, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075510/development-of-a-voided-urine-assay-for-detecting-prostate-cancer-noninvasively-a-pilot-study
#11
Edouard J Trabulsi, Sushil K Tripathi, Leonard Gomella, Charalambos Solomides, Eric Wickstrom, Mathew L Thakur
OBJECTIVE: To validate a hypothesis that prostate cancer (PCa) can be detected noninvasively by a simple and reliable assay by targeting genomic VPAC receptors expressed on malignant PCa cells shed in voided urine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: VPAC receptors were targeted with a specific biomolecule, TP4303, developed in our laboratory. With an IRB "exempt" approval of use of de-identified discarded samples, an aliquot of urine collected as a standard of care, from patients presenting to the urology clinic, (N=207, M= 176, F= 31, 21 years or older) was cytospun...
January 11, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074550/treatment-strategy-for-urinary-frequency-in-women
#12
Ching-Hung Hsieh, Tsung-Hsien Su
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the differential diagnosis of the underlying etiologies of urinary frequency and the treatment strategies for urinary frequency in women. Urinary frequency is a symptom, a sign, and a condition of uncertainty and of multifactorial cause. Common causes of urinary frequency include psychosocial, medical, sexual, urological, gynecologic, endocrine, and pharmacological in origin. Hence, treatment of symptoms and possible cures need a high-level plan or strategy to overcome the multifactorial etiology...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074261/perioperative-chemotherapy-in-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Atiqullah Aziz, Jakub Dobruch, Kees Hendricksen, Luis A Kluth, Andrea Necchi, Aidan Noon, Michael Rink, Florian Roghmann, Roland Seiler, Paolo Gontero, Wassim Kassouf, Shahrokh F Shariat, Evanguelos Xylinas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of neoadjuvant (NAC) and adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). METHODS: A comprehensive review of the current literature was performed searching for all studies investigating NAC and AC in UTUC in MEDLINE and https://clinicaltrials.gov , prior to April 2016. The following keywords were used: "ureteral neoplasms," "urothelium," "ureter," "upper tract urothelial," "chemotherapy," "adjuvant," "neoadjuvant" and relevant variants...
January 10, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073600/e-cigarettes-and-urologic-health-a-collaborative-review-of-toxicology-epidemiology-and-potential-risks
#14
REVIEW
Liam Bourke, Linda Bauld, Christopher Bullen, Marcus Cumberbatch, Edward Giovannucci, Farhad Islami, Hayden McRobbie, Debra T Silverman, James W F Catto
CONTEXT: Use of electronic cigarettes (ECs) is on the rise in most high-income countries. Smoking conventional cigarettes is a known risk factor for urologic malignancy incidence, progression, and mortality, as well as for other urologic health indicators. The potential impact of EC use on urologic health is therefore of clinical interest to the urology community. OBJECTIVE: To review the available data on current EC use, including potential benefits in urologic patients, potential issues linked to toxicology of EC constituents, and how this might translate into urologic health risks...
January 7, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073432/common-urologic-diseases-in-older-men-and-their-treatment-how-they-impact-fertility
#15
REVIEW
Gabriella Avellino, Didi Theva, Robert D Oates
As men age, medical and surgical diseases involving the genitourinary tract become more common. The conditions themselves, if not their treatments, can negatively impact the fertility potential of an affected man. Many older men maintain the desire to father children, so it is critical to understand the disturbed anatomy and physiology involved to properly counsel that individual. Should this or that treatment regimen be employed? Should sperm banking be undertaken before institution of a permanently ablative/suppressive therapy? What are the long-term consequences of one therapy over another vis-à-vis sperm production, sperm quality, and/or sperm transport? In this context, some of the more common genitourinary afflictions of the older male and the treatment options that are available will be discussed...
January 7, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073211/an-unusual-case-of-primary-intrascrotal-lipoma
#16
Andrea Fabiani, Emanuele Principi, Alessandra Filosa, Tiziana Pieramici, Fabrizio Fioretti, Valentina Maurelli, Lucilla Servi, Gabriele Mammana
In daily clinical practice, intrascrotal lesion are commonly detected, both by clinical examination either by ultrasound scan. While 95% of testicular lesions are malignant, most paratesticular lesions are benign. Among these, intrascrotal lipomas must be take into account in differential diagnosis. When they originate from scrotal wall, they named "primary scrotal lipoma". We describe a case of a primary intrascrotal lipoma diagnosed after surgical excision in a young man presented at our Urological Department complaining a painful left scrotal mass...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070114/development-of-database-and-genomic-medicine-for-von-hippel-lindau-disease-in-japan
#17
Shunsaku Takayanagi, Akitake Mukasa, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Hiroshi Kanno, Jun-Ichi Kuratsu, Ryo Nishikawa, Kazuhiko Mishima, Atushi Natsume, Toshihiko Wakabayashi, Kiyohiro Houkin, Shunsuke Terasaka, Masahiro Yao, Nobuo Shinohara, Taro Shuin, Nobuhito Saito
von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a hereditary tumor disease in which tumors develop in multiple organs, not only as hemangioblastomas (HBs) in the central nervous system, but also as kidney tumors, pheochromocytomas, and so on. Much about the epidemiology of VHL disease remained unknown until fairly recently in Japan, leading to calls for the establishment of a VHL disease epidemiological database in Japanese. To elucidate its epidemiology in Japan, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare created the VHL Disease Study Group, which was put in charge of carrying out a nationwide epidemiological survey...
January 6, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069871/spontaneous-proximal-ureteric-rupture-secondary-to-ureterolithiasis
#18
Keith Pace, Karl Spiteri, Karl German
We present the case of a 37-year-old lady who presented with severe colicky left sided flank pain associated with vomiting, chills and rigors. A non-contrast Computed Tomography of the Kidney Ureter and Bladder was performed which showed a 2-3 mm stone in the pelvic part of the left ureter. Following 2 days of conservative treatment she was still complaining of increasingly severe pain. A contrast computed tomography of the abdomen was performed which was suggestive of a perforation of the left collecting system...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068158/follow-up-after-rectal-cancer-developing-and-testing-a-novel-patient-led-follow-up-program-study-protocol
#19
Ida Hovdenak Jakobsen, Therese Juul, Inge Bernstein, Peter Christensen, Frank Svendsen Jensen, Christoffer Johansen, Susie Lindhardt Larsen, Søren Laurberg, Mogens Rørbæk Madsen, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing, Henriette Vind Thaysen
BACKGROUND: The main treatment for non-metastatic rectal cancer (RC) is surgical resection. Late adverse effects that are highly prevalent and negatively impact patients' symptom burden and quality of life are: bowel-, urological and sexual dysfunctions; psychological distress; fear of recurrence. Patients and clinicians have requested a more patient-centred follow-up, balancing the focus on detection of recurrence, and physiological and psychological late adverse effects. The current follow-up program primarily focuses on detection of recurrence, with less attention on late adverse effects...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067747/readmission-and-reoperation-after-surgery-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#20
Erik D Hokenstad, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, John A Occhino
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the rates of readmission and reoperation for patients undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant User File was used to select all surgeries performed for POP from 2012 through 2014. The cohort was then reviewed for unplanned readmissions and unplanned reoperations within 30 days of POP surgery. Patient and procedural factors associated with readmission or reoperation were compared using χ analyses and Student t test...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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